CN102704896A - Method for mining shale gas energy in hydrofracturing mode for photovoltaic power system - Google Patents

Method for mining shale gas energy in hydrofracturing mode for photovoltaic power system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102704896A
CN102704896A CN2012101983792A CN201210198379A CN102704896A CN 102704896 A CN102704896 A CN 102704896A CN 2012101983792 A CN2012101983792 A CN 2012101983792A CN 201210198379 A CN201210198379 A CN 201210198379A CN 102704896 A CN102704896 A CN 102704896A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shale gas
water
station
setting
conductor wire
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CN2012101983792A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
缪同春
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无锡同春新能源科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2012101983792A priority Critical patent/CN102704896A/en
Publication of CN102704896A publication Critical patent/CN102704896A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for mining shale gas energy in a hydrofracturing mode for a photovoltaic power system and belongs to the technical field of application of new energy resources. Sunlight is irradiated on a solar battery so as to generate current, the current is input into a controller through an electric conduction wire and is adjusted, then input into an inverter and converted into alternating current, the alternating current is input into a current divider and then supplied to an electric pumping station, a water pressurizing station, and a shale gas pressurization station respectively, and the alternating current output by the controller can be input into an energy storage battery and stored. The electric pumping station pumps water from a water source place, the water is input into the water pressurizing station through a water pumping pipe and a water outlet pipe and then pressurized, the pressurized water is injected to an underground shale gas layer through a water pressurizing pipe and water pressurizing holes, the pressurized water sprayed by the water pressurizing holes drives shale gas in the underground shale gas layer into a shale gas gathering area in the hydrofracturing mode, the shale gas output by the shale gas gathering area is input into the shale gas pressurizing station through a gas outlet pipe and then pressurized, and the shale gas output by the shale gas pressurizing station is conveyed to shale gas users at all places through shale gas conveying pipelines.

Description

Solar photovoltaic generation system is poured water and is exploited the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar photovoltaic generation system and pour water and exploit the shale gas energy, belong to technical field of new energy application with the fracturing mode.
Background technology
Along with the tellurian mankind are growing to demands for energy, tellurian petroleum resources are fewer and feweri, and particularly the quantity of automobile rolls up, and all consuming a large amount of petroleum resources all the time.The burning mass of oil and coal has caused going from bad to worse of ecological environment on the earth.The mankind have expected the development and utilization regenerative resource, though the development and utilization of regenerative resources such as solar energy, wind energy can reduce emission of carbon-dioxide, for various reasons, the ratio that regenerative resource accounts for the total consumption of the energy rises unhappy.In recent years, the energy revolution of U.S.'s exploitation shale gas has obtained success, can satisfy domestic a big chunk energy demand.
The preliminary investigation of China Ministry of Land and Resources shows; China has can adopt about 25.1 tcms of shale gas resource potential; Be enough to satisfy China's Natural Gas Demand in modern latter two century in theory; (technology can be adopted) resource of China Duos 50% than the U.S., far above 13.6 tcms of the U.S..China has become maximum in the world energy-consuming state now; See that Americanologist crosses the mode of fracturing and exploit the shale gas resource; Chinese Government is full of confidence, and decision supports that enterprise exploits the shale gas resource energetically, thereby changes the energy resource structure that China too relies on coal at present.
The shale gas resource of China mainly is distributed in sparsely populated, ungetable west area; The exploitation shale gas need come ' setting-out purging ' with electric power; In these remote districts, set up high-voltage line and have many difficulties by the long distances electric power of power supply network; In a part of shale gas resource distribution district; For example how the west area in Qinghai Province, Tibet Autonomous Region, Sichuan and northwestward region-by-region solar energy resources rich utilize local solar energy resources to solve needed supply of electric power problem in the large scale mining shale gas energy on the spot.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the shortcoming that overcomes prior art, provides solar photovoltaic generation system to pour water and exploits the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode.Over nearly 3 years, the production capacity of Chinese crystal silicon solar batteries has leapt to and has beaten the world.The output of made in China inexpensive crystal silicon solar batteries has accounted for 40% of whole world solar cell total output.The speed that China's crystal silicon photovoltaic module production rises is also very fast.Yet; Because Europe debt crisis and the US Department of Commerce carry out the influence of anti-subsidy, anti-dumpling investigation to Chinese crystal silicon solar batteries manufacturing enterprise; In this year; The export volume of China's crystal silicon solar batteries descends rapidly, and Chinese photovoltaic enterprise must open up the world, domestic two markets, must want life to the terminal market that solar battery product is used.At present, at a time when China will be in the good opportunity of development of the West Regions shale gas, some regional solar energy resources rich of western part of China can utilize solar photovoltaic technology to come to the industry of exploiting the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode electric power to be provided.
The Qinghai-Tibet Platean of western part of China and Ningxia, northwest, Gansu, Xinjiang have the high mountain, plateau of many accumulated snow all the year round or winter snow cover within the border, and the water head site that snow melting is assembled is the cradle in Chinese the Changjiang river, many rivers, the Yellow River.Photovoltaic water lift technology, photovoltaic irrigation technique, photovoltaic setting-out technology are all ripe.The existing part photovoltaic enterprise of China produces solar photovoltaic water pump in batches.The shale gas that western part of China has sufficient freshwater resources can supply to drive and is imbedded in the underground shale gas-bearing formation gets into the wide geographic area that the shale gas gas pipeline is transported to central China, particularly Eastern China.The beneficial effect of supplying a large amount of shale gas to city and rural area is: utilize the clean energy resource solar energy power generating to provide electric power to come the recovery of subterranean shale gas with the mode of ' setting-out purging '; Satisfy the most energy demand of most of areas; Reduce the import of oil significantly; Reduce the foreign exchange expenditure be used to buy foreign oil significantly, reduce in a large number in the present energy resource structure, reduce emission of carbon-dioxide in a large number the undue dependence of coal fired power generation; Obviously improve air quality, preserve the ecological environment.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention realizes through following technical scheme:
Gathering district 17, escape pipe 18, shale gas pressurizing point 19, shale gas gas pipeline 20 by solar cell 1, conductor wire 2, controller 3, inverter 4, current divider 5, energy-storage battery 6, water head site 7, drinking-water pipe 8, electric pumping station 9, outlet pipe 10, setting-out station 11, pressure pipe 12, setting-out hole 13, surface layer 14, underground shale gas-bearing formation 15, water table 16, shale gas forms solar photovoltaic generation system jointly and pours water and exploit the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode;
Solar cell 1, conductor wire 2, controller 3, inverter 4, current divider 5, energy-storage battery 6 are installed more than ground; Near water head site 7 the electric pumping station of installation on the bank 9, setting-out station 11; The drinking-water pipe 8 that is communicated with electric pumping station 9 is installed between electric pumping station 9 and water head site 7; Outlet pipe 10 is installed between electric pumping station 9 and setting-out station 11, in the surface layer 14 of the downward below ground in setting-out station 11, underground shale gas-bearing formation 15, water table 16, pressure pipe 12, setting-out hole 13 is installed; Shale gas in underground shale gas-bearing formation 15 gather district 17 above escape pipe 18 is installed, shale gas pressurizing point 19 is installed above escape pipe 18, shale gas gas pipeline 20 is installed above shale gas pressurizing point 19;
Solar cell 1 is connected with controller 3 through conductor wire 2; Controller 3 is connected with energy-storage battery 6 through conductor wire 2; Controller 3 is connected with inverter 4 through conductor wire 2, and inverter 4 is connected with current divider 5 through conductor wire 2, and current divider 5 is connected with electric pumping station 9 through conductor wire 2; Current divider 5 is connected with setting-out station 11 through conductor wire 2 and communicates, and current divider 5 is connected with shale gas pressurizing point 19 through conductor wire 2 and communicates; The drinking-water pipe 8 that stretches out from electric pumping station 9 stretches into the face of land water layer of water head site 7, and electric pumping station 9 is connected with setting-out station 11 through outlet pipe 10 and communicates, and setting-out station 11 is connected with setting-out hole 13 through pressure pipe 12 and communicates; Shale gas gathers district 17 and is connected with shale gas pressurizing point 19 and communicates through escape pipe 18, and shale gas pressurizing point 19 is connected with shale gas gas pipeline 20 and communicates.
Solar cell 1 is monocrystaline silicon solar cell or polysilicon solar cell or amorphous silicon thin-film solar cell or Graphene solar cell or compound solar cell or organic solar batteries.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The solar light irradiation solar cell produces electric current; Electric current is adjusted, is then imported inverter and convert alternating current to through conductor wire input controller; Respectively to electric pumping station, setting-out station and the power supply of shale gas pressurizing point, the direct current of slave controller output also can be imported energy-storage battery and store behind the alternating current input current divider.The electric pumping station from getting water from water head site through drinking-water pipe, outlet pipe; The station pressurization of input setting-out; Current process pressure pipe after the pressurization, setting-out hole are to the water filling of underground shale gas-bearing formation; The pressurised stream that sprays from the setting-out hole is driven to shale gas with the fracturing mode with the shale gas the underground shale gas-bearing formation and gathers the district; The shale gas that gathers district's output from shale gas is transported to the shale gas user of various places through the shale gas gas pipeline from the pressurization shale gas of shale gas pressurizing point output after the pressurization of escape pipe input shale gas pressurizing point.
Following the present invention will combine the embodiment in the accompanying drawing to further describe:
By solar cell 1, conductor wire 2, controller 3, inverter 4, current divider 5, energy-storage battery 6, water head site 7, drinking-water pipe 8, electric pumping station 9, outlet pipe 10, setting-out station 11, pressure pipe 12, setting-out hole 13, surface layer 14, underground shale gas-bearing formation 15, water table 16, shale gas gather the common solar photovoltaic generation systems of forming in district 17, escape pipe 18, shale gas pressurizing point 19, shale gas gas pipeline 20 and pour water and exploit the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode;
Solar cell 1, conductor wire 2, controller 3, inverter 4, current divider 5, energy-storage battery 6 are installed more than ground; Near water head site 7 the electric pumping station of installation on the bank 9, setting-out station 11; The drinking-water pipe 8 that is communicated with electric pumping station 9 is installed between electric pumping station 9 and water head site 7; Outlet pipe 10 is installed between electric pumping station 9 and setting-out station 11, in the surface layer 14 of the downward below ground in setting-out station 11, underground shale gas-bearing formation 15, water table 16, pressure pipe 12, setting-out hole 13 is installed; Shale gas in underground shale gas-bearing formation 15 gather district 17 above escape pipe 18 is installed, shale gas pressurizing point 19 is installed above escape pipe 18, shale gas gas pipeline 20 is installed above shale gas pressurizing point 19;
Solar cell 1 is connected with controller 3 through conductor wire 2; Controller 3 is connected with energy-storage battery 6 through conductor wire 2; Controller 3 is connected with inverter 4 through conductor wire 2, and inverter 4 is connected with current divider 5 through conductor wire 2, and current divider 5 is connected with electric pumping station 9 through conductor wire 2; Current divider 5 is connected with setting-out station 11 through conductor wire 2 and communicates, and current divider 5 is connected with shale gas pressurizing point 9 through conductor wire 2 and communicates; The drinking-water pipe 8 that stretches out from electric pumping station 9 stretches into the face of land water layer of water head site 7, and electric pumping station 9 is connected with setting-out station 11 through outlet pipe 10 and communicates, and setting-out station 11 is connected with setting-out hole 13 through pressure pipe 12 and communicates; Shale gas gathers district 17 and is connected with shale gas pressurizing point 19 and communicates through escape pipe 18, and shale gas pressurizing point 19 is connected with shale gas gas pipeline 20 and communicates.
Solar cell 1 is monocrystaline silicon solar cell or polysilicon solar cell or amorphous silicon thin-film solar cell or Graphene solar cell or compound solar cell or organic solar batteries.
Solar light irradiation solar cell 1 produces direct current, and direct current is adjusted, then imported inverter 4 through conductor wire 2 input controllers 3 and converts alternating current to, and direct current also can be through conductor wire 2 input energy-storage batteries 6 store electrical energy.Shunt through conductor wire 2 input current dividers 5 from the alternating current of inverter 4 outputs.Be used for three parts after the alternating current shunting: 1.; Pass through conductor wire 2 input electric pumping stations 9 from the alternating current of current divider 5 outputs; To electric pumping station 9 power supplies; Through drinking-water pipe 8 extraction cleaning current input electric pumping stations 9, the current of 9 outputs are transported to setting-out station 11 through outlet pipe 10 from the electric pumping station from water head site 7, and the first's power consumption after the shunting is used for being drawn into current and exporting current of electric pumping station 9; 2.; Import setting-out stations 11 from the alternating current of current divider 5 outputs through conductor wire 2; In setting-out station 11, to the 9 clean water streams through outlet pipe 10 input setting-out stations 11 pressurize from the electric pumping station, the cleaning current behind the increase pressure are transported to setting-out hole 13 from setting-out station 11 through pressure pipe 12; Eject pressurised stream from setting-out hole 13, the second portion power consumption after the shunting is used to increase the pressure of current; 3.; Spray to the pressurised stream of underground shale gas-bearing formation 15 from setting-out hole 13; The shale gas entering shale gas of effectively driveing in the shale gas-bearing formation 15 gathers district 17; The shale gas that gathers district's 17 outputs from shale gas pressurizes to shale gas in shale gas pressurizing point 19 through escape pipe 18 input shale gas pressurizing points 19, and the third part power consumption after the alternating current shunting is used for shale gas is pressurizeed; From the pressurization shale gas input shale gas gas pipeline of shale gas pressurizing point 19 outputs, then transport to air feed city and air feed family that the shale gas gas grid connects.
To enumerate embodiment following at present:
Embodiment one:
The solar light irradiation photoelectric transformation efficiency reaches 20% monocrystaline silicon solar cell generation direct current; Direct current is adjusted, is then imported the inverter internal conversion through conductor wire input controller and becomes alternating current; Respectively to electric pumping station, setting-out station and the power supply of shale gas pressurizing point, the direct current of slave controller output also can be imported the energy-storage battery store electrical energy after the shunting of alternating current input current divider.The water pipe at electric pumping station stretches into water head site and draws water and enter the station; The current of output are through the station pressurization of outlet pipe input setting-out from the electric pumping station; Current process pressure pipe after the pressurization, setting-out hole are to the water filling of underground shale gas-bearing formation; The pressurised stream of ejection is driven to the shale gas accumulation regions with the fracturing mode with the shale gas the underground shale gas-bearing formation from the setting-out hole; After the pressurization of escape pipe input shale gas pressurizing point, transport to air feed city and the air feed family that the shale gas gas transmission pipeline net work is communicated with through gas pipeline from the shale gas of shale gas accumulation regions output from the pressurization shale gas of shale gas pressurizing point output.
Embodiment two:
The solar light irradiation photoelectric transformation efficiency reaches 18% polysilicon solar cell generation direct current; Direct current is adjusted, is then imported the inverter internal conversion through conductor wire input controller and becomes alternating current; Respectively to electric pumping station, setting-out station and the power supply of shale gas pressurizing point, the direct current of slave controller output also can be imported the energy-storage battery store electrical energy after the shunting of alternating current input current divider.The water pipe at electric pumping station stretches into water head site and draws water and enter the station; The current of output are through the station pressurization of outlet pipe input setting-out from the electric pumping station; Current process pressure pipe after the pressurization, setting-out hole are to the water filling of underground shale gas-bearing formation; The pressurised stream of ejection is driven to the shale gas accumulation regions with the fracturing mode with the shale gas the underground shale gas-bearing formation from the setting-out hole; After the pressurization of escape pipe input shale gas pressurizing point, transport to air feed city and the air feed family that the shale gas gas transmission pipeline net work is communicated with through gas pipeline from the shale gas of shale gas accumulation regions output from the pressurization shale gas of shale gas pressurizing point output.

Claims (2)

1. solar photovoltaic generation system is poured water and is exploited the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode; It is characterized in that, gather district (17), escape pipe (18), shale gas pressurizing point (19), shale gas gas pipeline (20) by solar cell (1), conductor wire (2), controller (3), inverter (4), current divider (5), energy-storage battery (6), water head site (7), drinking-water pipe (8), electric pumping station (9), outlet pipe (10), setting-out station (11), pressure pipe (12), setting-out hole (13), surface layer (14), underground shale gas-bearing formation (15), water table (16), shale gas and form solar photovoltaic generation system jointly and pour water and exploit the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode;
Solar cell (1), conductor wire (2), controller (3), inverter (4), current divider (5), energy-storage battery 6 are installed) more than ground; Near water head site (7) the electric pumping station of installation on the bank (9), setting-out station (11); The drinking-water pipe (8) that is communicated with electric pumping station (9) is installed between electric pumping station (9) and water head site (7); Between electric pumping station (9) and setting-out station (11), outlet pipe (10) is installed, pressure pipe (12), setting-out hole (13) are installed in the surface layer (14) of setting-out station (11) downward below ground, underground shale gas-bearing formation (15), water table (16); Shale gas in underground shale gas-bearing formation (15) gathers the top in district (17) escape pipe (18) is installed; Shale gas pressurizing point (19) is installed in top at escape pipe (18), in the top of shale gas pressurizing point (19) shale gas gas pipeline (20) is installed;
Solar cell (1) is connected with controller (3) through conductor wire (2); Controller (3) is connected with energy-storage battery (6) through conductor wire (2); Controller (3) is connected with inverter (4) through conductor wire (2); Inverter (4) is connected with current divider (5) through conductor wire (2); Current divider (5) is connected with electric pumping station (9) through conductor wire (2), and current divider (5) is connected with setting-out station (11) through conductor wire (2), and current divider (5) is connected with shale gas pressurizing point (19) through conductor wire (2); The drinking-water pipe (8) that stretches out from electric pumping station (9) stretches into the face of land water layer of water head site (7); Electric pumping station (9) is connected with setting-out station (11) through outlet pipe (10) and communicates, and setting-out station (11) are connected with setting-out hole (13) through pressure pipe (12) and communicate; Shale gas gathers district (17) and is connected with shale gas pressurizing point (19) through escape pipe (18) and communicates, and shale gas pressurizing point (19) is connected with shale gas gas pipeline (20) and communicates.
2. solar photovoltaic generation system according to claim 1 is poured water and is exploited the shale gas energy with the fracturing mode; It is characterized in that described solar cell (1) is monocrystaline silicon solar cell or polysilicon solar cell or amorphous silicon thin-film solar cell or Graphene solar cell or compound solar cell or organic solar batteries.
CN2012101983792A 2012-06-16 2012-06-16 Method for mining shale gas energy in hydrofracturing mode for photovoltaic power system CN102704896A (en)

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Application publication date: 20121003