CN102701808B - Pure natural multi-element organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Pure natural multi-element organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102701808B
CN102701808B CN201210180287.1A CN201210180287A CN102701808B CN 102701808 B CN102701808 B CN 102701808B CN 201210180287 A CN201210180287 A CN 201210180287A CN 102701808 B CN102701808 B CN 102701808B
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China
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organic fertilizer
pure natural
fertilizer
furfural
dregs
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CN201210180287.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102701808A (en
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庞全瑞
庞圣刚
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菏泽宝源生物工程有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse
    • Y02W30/43Aerobic fermentation, e.g. composting

Abstract

The invention discloses a pure natural multi-element organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof. In the preparation method, the pure natural multi-element organic fertilizer is produced on a large scale by taking leftover furfural residues generated in a furfural plant, leftover spent mushroom compost generated by planting mushrooms, side product plant ash generated in a biomass generating plant and medicinal material dregs generated in a pharmaceutical factory as main raw materials, and adding an organic fertilizer fermenting agent for curing at a high temperature. The organic fertilizer produced by using the method has the advantages of high efficiency, low cost, high nutrition and stable quality, the problems of waste recovery, energy saving and emission reduction can be solved, soil biological balance can be improved simultaneously, and a series of agricultural problems such as soil hardening, salinization, acidification and the like caused by long-term use of a chemical fertilizer are solved. The technical indexes of the pure natural multi-element organic fertilizer produced by using the method are fully accordant with the requirements of more than or equal to 5 percent of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium and more than or equal to 45 percent of organic matters in the novel organic fertilizer standard NY525-2012 implemented by the National Department of Agriculture in 2012.

Description

A kind of pure natural multielement organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

technical field:

The present invention relates to a kind of organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof, particularly a kind of pure natural multielement organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof.

background technology:

According to statistics, 14.4 hundred million mu, the existing arable land of China, 0.34 hundred million mu, field, and population approximately 1,400,000,000.The population that accounts for the world 22% is brought up in the arable land in China Yao Yongzhan world 7% in other words, and this forces China's agricultural must lean on development, i.e. Sustainable development.In China, for many years due to long-term application chemical fertilizer, although agricultural output is greatly improved, but because fertilizer is not enough, all kinds of nutrients ratio imbalances, cause farmland ecological environment, soil physical and chemical property and soil microflora to be subject to destruction in various degree, affected to a certain extent the safety of agricultural-food and polluted water source.Even some places manure use, these fertilizers are the overwhelming majority still produce with traditional composting method, the composting time is long, fertilizer efficiency is low, contaminate environment, use inconvenient and insufficient fertilizer becoming thoroughly decomposed is the main contagium of soil-borne disease of crop, can cause again to burn root and burn the problems such as seedling.And will address these problems the most basic way, be that the usage quantity that reduces chemical fertilizer increases the soil organism; Adopt biofermentation technique to substitute traditional organic fertilizer production method and produce microbial organic fertilizer.Microbial organic fertilizer be people on the basis of seed selection soil beneficial microorganism bacterial classification, through batch production, cultivate, compoundly take organic nutritive medium as carrier, and add that a certain proportion of mineral nutrient element produces.In fertilizer, contain a large amount of organic matters, long-term application can improve the soil organism, improve soil aggregate, promote soil microorganisms breeding, make loosing soil, ventilation, also have in addition nitrogen phosphorus potassium, various trace element, mineral substance and other nutritive substance, be conducive to the absorption growth of agriculture plant, so fertilizer is indispensable in agriculture production.Due to the microbiobacterial agent using and the difference of organic nutritive medium, the quality of producing biological organic fertilizer is not identical yet, so the organic nutritive medium carrier proportioning of How to choose microorganism fermenting agent and high-quality is urgent problem.

summary of the invention:

The present invention is in order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, provides that a kind of fertilizer efficiency is high, cost is low, stay-in-grade pure natural multielement organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof.

The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:

A pure natural multielement organic fertilizer, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight parts: furfural dregs 40-60 part, mushroom residue 20-40 part, plant ash 10-15 part, dregs of a decoction 10-20 part, 0.05 part of organic fertilizer fermentation agent.

Described furfural dregs is that furfural mill is produced the waste residue after furfural; Described mushroom residue is the waste residue producing after cultivated mushroom; Described plant ash is the ash producing after biomass power plant burning stalk; The described dregs of a decoction are that pharmaceutical factory produces the medicinal material waste residue after medicine.

The described preferred enzymatic microorganism of organic fertilizer fermentation agent, its commodity are called the agricultural ferment of BYM, be by can generation bacterium, yeast, the thread fungus of the very strong hydrolyzable enzyme of vigor formed, its former bacterial classification is from Japan, be divided into a former bacterium and No. two former bacterium, must be used in conjunction with, former bacterium of 10kg and No. bis-former bacterium of 10g can produce one ton and expand bacterium ,Yuan Jun China Ministry of Agriculture and have and put on record.

The preparation method of described pure natural multielement organic fertilizer, is characterized in that: the raw material preparing is mixed, and 7-10 days fully ferments; in fermenting process; according to the timely turning of temperature variations, after fully fermenting becomes thoroughly decomposed, by pulverizer, pulverize; through sieve apparatus screening; then be transported to granulating disc and make particle, be transported to subsequently dryer, cooler, carry out after Drying and cooling; and classification sieves, packs, be finished product.

Preferably, the preparation method of described pure natural multielement organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that: the above-mentioned raw material of obtaining is fully mixed, and make moisture controlled in 45-50% left and right, pH value is controlled at 7.0-8.0, then the fermentation of banking up, in general 24 hours, temperature has beginning temperature rise to 50 ℃, in 48 hours, temperature can rise to 60 ℃-70 ℃, when temperature reaches 70 ℃, need to carry out turning, in the spring, summer, ferment autumn 7 days, ferment winter and can ferment for 10 days, by pulverizer, pulverize again, through sieve apparatus screening, then be transported to granulating disc and make particle, be transported to subsequently dryer, cooler, carry out after Drying and cooling, and classification is sieved, packing, be finished product.

Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention utilizes the tankage furfural dregs of furfural mill, the tankage mushroom residue of cultivated mushroom, the byproduct plant ash of biomass power plant generation and the medicinal material dregs of a decoction of herbal pharmaceutical factory are main raw material; add fertilizer starter through high-temperature maturing, large-scale production goes out pure natural multielement organic fertilizer.Fertilizer fertilizer efficiency that this invention makes is high, cost is low, nutritious, steady quality, can solve utilization of waste material and energy-saving and emission-reduction problem, can improve soil ecology balance again, reduce the series of agricultural problems such as soil compaction, salinization and acidifying that life-time service chemical fertilizer causes simultaneously.The pure natural multielement organic fertilizer that the present invention produces, technical indicator reaches the organic fertilizer new standard NY525-2012 that the national Ministry of Agriculture implements for 2012 completely, the requirement of nitrogen phosphorus potassium >=5%, organic >=45%.

Confirmatory experiment:

For the production-increasing function of checking the present invention to farm crop, in Shangqiu City Suiyang District, carried out following simultaneous test.

Watermelon is the traditional economy crop of Shangqiu City Suiyang District, and cultivated area is more than 4000 hectare throughout the year, adopts the planting type of " three films one are covered with mat ", is famous early mature watermelon base, the Yellow River and Huai He River region, and test is located at Ren Lou village, Li Kou town, Qiao Yang district, and soil is the sticky earth of moisture soil class.The organic content of 0~20cm soil is 1.56%, hydrolyzable nitrogen 83.1mg/kg, rapid available phosphorus 63.8mg/kg, available potassium 126.2mg/kg, pH value 7.8.Test design: 1. contrast (Wu Fei district) 2. chemical fertilizer (50kg/667m 2composite fertilizer) 3. fertilizer (100kg/667m of the present invention 2) 4. chemical fertilizer (25kg/667m 2composite fertilizer)+fertilizer (100kg/667m of the present invention 2), repeat random alignment 3 times.The wide 3.3m of zone leader 10m, area is 33m 2, line-spacing 165cm, 40 strains of spacing in the rows 50cm ,Mei community.March 20 planted, and fertilizer once applies before planting, and other manages same land for growing field crops.May 20 has been entered field investigation successively to plant.Survey item has climing length, blade size, leaf disease rate.Gather in the crops at twice the pol that the melon of adopting a same date pollination in ,Ji Chanmei community detects watermelon June 6 May 31.

Results and analysis:

The impact of fertilizer of the present invention on watermelon tree characteristics:

Table 1: tree characteristics investigation result

As can be seen from Table 1: the climing length of processing of all fertilisings is all higher than contrast, with chemical fertilizer+fertilizer of the present invention, process and increase at most, increase by 31.2%, fertilizer of the present invention is processed and is taken second place, increase by 23.5%, chemical fertilizer is processed and is increased by 16.5%, and leaf is long and leaf is wide also all has obvious increase than contrast, and increase trend is the same with climing length.Illustrate and use the leaf area that fertilizer of the present invention can increase watermelon significantly, improve photosynthesis.As can also be seen from Table 1, only make to fertilize the disease-resistant variation of watermelon, sick leaf rate improves, higher by 54.8% than contrast, enriches disease resistance, leaf disease rate that fertilizer of the present invention can improve watermelon lower by 61.3% than contrast, and chemical fertilizer and fertilizer of the present invention are lower by 19.4% than contrast with executing leaf disease rate.

The impact of fertilizer of the present invention on the yield of watermelon and quality:

Table 2: the yield of watermelon and pol result

As can be seen from Table 2: be that chemical fertilizer or fertilizer of the present invention are all very remarkable to the effect of increasing production of watermelon, on the basis of reducing half chemical fertilizer application, enrich fertilizer of the present invention, can increase substantially the output of watermelon, stimulation ratio reaches 34.3%, than single processing volume increase 6.7% to fertilize, than the processing volume increase 8.8% of singly executing fertilizer of the present invention.Single Bi Wufei district to fertilize volume increase 25.9%, singly executes fertilizer Bi Wufei of the present invention district volume increase 23.4%.As can also be seen from Table 2: single have negative impact to the pol of watermelon to fertilize, and the center pol of watermelon is low 1.2 percentage points, low 1.1 percentage points of limit sugar; Use the quality that fertilizer of the present invention can improve watermelon, center pol improves 1.6 percentage points, and limit sugar improves 0.6 percentage point.Chemical fertilizer and fertilizer of the present invention are joined and are executed, and can improve equally the quality of watermelon, and grain Du Biwufei district, center is high 0.4 percentage point, and limit sugar is high 1 percentage point.

Conclusion:

Watermelon is used fertilizer of the present invention, can make watermelon grow fine, climing long increasing, and single leaf area increases.Improve the photosynthesis ability of unit surface, strengthen the resistance against diseases of watermelon, leaf disease rate is declined; Reducing on the basis of applying quantity of chemical fertilizer, use the output that fertilizer of the present invention can increase substantially watermelon, stimulation ratio reaches 34.3%; Singly execute fertilizer of the present invention and can increase production 23.4%.Fertilizer of the present invention and chemical fertilizer ratio, volume variance is not remarkable, uses the quality that fertilizer of the present invention can also significantly improve watermelon, increases the pol of watermelon, improves product competitive power on market.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated.

Fig. 1 is process flow sheet of the present invention.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1:

Formula: 40 parts of furfural dregs, 40 parts of mushroom residues, 15 parts of plant ash, 15 parts of the dregs of a decoction, 0.05 part of organic fertilizer fermentation agent.

Concrete manufacture method: the above-mentioned raw material of obtaining is fully mixed, and make moisture controlled in 45-50% left and right, pH value is controlled at 7.0-8.0, then the fermentation of banking up, in general 24 hours, temperature has beginning temperature rise to 50 ℃, in 48 hours, temperature can rise to 60 ℃-70 ℃, when temperature reaches 70 ℃, need to carry out turning.Such temperature during fermentation can be killed all pathogenic bacterias and worm's ovum grass-seed; In spring, summer, autumn, ferment 7 days, ferment winter and can ferment for 10 days, then pulverize by pulverizer; through sieve apparatus screening, be then transported to granulating disc and make particle, be transported to subsequently dryer, cooler; carry out after Drying and cooling, and classification sieves, packs, be finished product.

Embodiment 2:

Formula: 50 parts of furfural dregs, 30 parts of mushroom residues, 12.5 parts of plant ash, 20 parts of the dregs of a decoction, 0.05 part of organic fertilizer fermentation agent.

Concrete manufacture method: except proportioning is said ratio, all the other are with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 3:

Formula: 60 parts of furfural dregs, 20 parts of mushroom residues, 10 parts of plant ash, 10 parts of the dregs of a decoction, 0.05 part of organic fertilizer fermentation agent.

Concrete manufacture method: except proportioning is said ratio, all the other are with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 4:

Formula: 40 parts of furfural dregs, 30 parts of mushroom residues, 10 parts of plant ash, 15 parts of the dregs of a decoction, 0.05 part of enzymatic microorganism.Described enzymatic microorganism is the agricultural ferment of trade(brand)name BYM.

Concrete manufacture method: except proportioning is said ratio, all the other are with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 5:

Formula: 40 parts of furfural dregs, 40 parts of mushroom residues, 10 parts of plant ash, 15 parts of the dregs of a decoction, 0.05 part of enzymatic microorganism.Described enzymatic microorganism is the agricultural ferment of trade(brand)name BYM.

Concrete manufacture method: except proportioning is said ratio, all the other are with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 6:

Formula: 50 parts of furfural dregs, 30 parts of mushroom residues, 12.5 parts of plant ash, 20 parts of the dregs of a decoction, 0.05 part of enzymatic microorganism.Described enzymatic microorganism is the agricultural ferment of trade(brand)name BYM.

Concrete manufacture method: except proportioning is said ratio, all the other are with embodiment 1.

Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not the restriction to invention, and the present invention is also not limited to above-mentioned giving an example, those skilled in the art, and in essential scope of the present invention, the variation of crop, remodeling, interpolation or replacement, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a pure natural multielement organic fertilizer, is characterized in that: the raw material by following weight parts is made: furfural dregs 40-60 part, mushroom residue 20-40 part, plant ash 10-15 part, dregs of a decoction 10-20 part, 0.05 part of organic fertilizer fermentation agent;
Its preparation method is: raw material is fully mixed, and make moisture controlled at 45-50%, pH value is controlled at 7.0-8.0, then the fermentation of banking up, in general 24 hours, temperature is by the temperature rise to 50 ℃ of beginning, in 48 hours, temperature can rise to 60 ℃-70 ℃, when temperature reaches 70 ℃, need to carry out turning, in the spring, summer, ferment autumn 7 days, ferment winter and can ferment for 10 days, by pulverizer, pulverize again, through sieve apparatus screening, then be transported to granulating disc and make particle, be transported to subsequently dryer, cooler, carry out after Drying and cooling, and classification is sieved, packing, be finished product.
2. pure natural multielement organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described furfural dregs is that furfural mill is produced the waste residue after furfural; Described mushroom residue is the waste residue producing after cultivated mushroom; Described plant ash is the ash producing after biomass power plant burning stalk; The described dregs of a decoction are that pharmaceutical factory produces the medicinal material waste residue after medicine.
3. pure natural multielement organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the described preferred enzymatic microorganism of organic fertilizer fermentation agent, its commodity are called the agricultural ferment of BYM, be by can generation bacterium, yeast, the thread fungus of the very strong hydrolyzable enzyme of vigor formed, Qi Yuanjun China Ministry of Agriculture has and puts on record.
CN201210180287.1A 2012-06-04 2012-06-04 Pure natural multi-element organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof CN102701808B (en)

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EA027438B1 (en) * 2013-08-13 2017-07-31 Совместное Общество С Ограниченной Ответственностью "Бонше" Organic fertilizer based on mushroom production waste
CN103689000A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-02 锦州硕丰农药集团有限公司 Imidacloprid microbial seed dressing agent and preparation method thereof
CN103708893A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-09 天津坂结土壤肥料技术开发有限公司 Plant ash fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103739325B (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-08-19 株洲千金药业股份有限公司 A kind of fertilizer utilizing Chinese medicine dreg to ferment and preparation method thereof
CN103739401B (en) * 2014-01-21 2016-02-24 谭飞鸿 A kind of matrix being exclusively used in plum dish non-soil culture
CN104761367B (en) * 2015-03-30 2017-12-01 遵义师范学院 A kind of nursery nutrient matrix fertilizer and its preparation method containing Chinese medicine slag
CN104774049A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-15 柳州易农科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer for crops
CN105237055B (en) * 2015-11-12 2018-11-30 郑州豫昕农业发展股份有限公司 A kind of organic fermented Semen Sesami cake fertilizer particle
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CN106588151A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-04-26 庆阳敦博科技发展有限公司 Ephedra intermedia planting fertilizer for use in desert region
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CN1309110A (en) * 2001-02-16 2001-08-22 杨雄 Process for preparing organic fertilizer from dungs and droppings
CN1785921A (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-06-14 邵建华 Production of organic fertilizer by drying and dewatering colloid industrial waste slag
CN101439997A (en) * 2008-12-16 2009-05-27 青岛明月海藻集团有限公司 Preparation of seaweed organic fertilizer
CN101734959A (en) * 2009-12-18 2010-06-16 山东光大肥业科技有限公司 Special organic fertilizer for solanaceous fruit organic vegetables and preparing method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1309110A (en) * 2001-02-16 2001-08-22 杨雄 Process for preparing organic fertilizer from dungs and droppings
CN1785921A (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-06-14 邵建华 Production of organic fertilizer by drying and dewatering colloid industrial waste slag
CN101439997A (en) * 2008-12-16 2009-05-27 青岛明月海藻集团有限公司 Preparation of seaweed organic fertilizer
CN101734959A (en) * 2009-12-18 2010-06-16 山东光大肥业科技有限公司 Special organic fertilizer for solanaceous fruit organic vegetables and preparing method thereof

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