CN102701000B - Single winding device for automatic soft bobbin winder - Google Patents

Single winding device for automatic soft bobbin winder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102701000B
CN102701000B CN201210007829.5A CN201210007829A CN102701000B CN 102701000 B CN102701000 B CN 102701000B CN 201210007829 A CN201210007829 A CN 201210007829A CN 102701000 B CN102701000 B CN 102701000B
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CN
China
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yarn
groove drum
winding
head
groove
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CN201210007829.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102701000A (en
Inventor
王虎
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绍兴永丰纺织印染有限公司
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Priority to CN201210007829.5A priority Critical patent/CN102701000B/en
Publication of CN102701000A publication Critical patent/CN102701000A/en
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Publication of CN102701000B publication Critical patent/CN102701000B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a single winding device for an automatic soft bobbin winder. The single winding device comprises a winder, a variable-amplitude filament guide device, a fixed length control device, a tension adjusting device and a single-chip microcomputer, wherein the winder comprises a winding frame and a groove drum, the variable-amplitude filament guide device comprises a variable-amplitude guide rail, a tension spring, a movable pull rod and an adjustable rotary rod, the fixed length control device comprises an infrared light-operated filament detector, a thread shear, an alarm indicator lamp and a reset button, and the single-chip microcomputer is used for controlling all the devices. The single winding device is simple in structure, reasonable in design and low in cost and noise, pineapple-shaped forming and fixed length and broken filament automatic stopping functions can be conveniently realized in use of the single winding device, high-quality soft winding can be realized, dyeing quality in subsequent procedure and smoothness in rewinding can be improved, and accordingly operating efficiency and economic efficiency of factories can be improved.

Description

A kind of single winding device of automatic slack winder
Technical field
The present invention relates to textile machine apparatus field, particularly relate to a kind of single winding device of automatic slack winder.
Background technology
Along with enhancing and the growth in the living standard of people's aesthetic consciousness, high-grade Yarn-dyed fabric is more and more subject to people and likes.Silk broadcloth not only, chemical fiber wire, rayon, mixed yarn and cotton yarn etc. also can adopt the manufacture of look silk.The dyed yarn most economical dyeing that dyes is application bobbin direct staining, is therefore widely used.Before general yarn bobbin dyeing look, need the base yarn of outsourcing or bobbin network to become to be suitable for " loose formula bobbin " that cone dyeing uses for next procedure, so the demand of slack winder increases day by day.How to produce qualified loose formula bobbin package, the problem that the level dyeing of convenient cylinder yarn need to address with regard to becoming people.
Existing automatic slack winder, generally comprise the engine installation being formed by motor and belt conveyor, the winding device being assembled by connection control unit by the identical single winding device of even number, and feed arrangement, the host computer control device such as electric and mechanical and frame etc. that said apparatus is installed.
The bobbin that slack winder becomes network is used in cone dyeing generally following requirement: in 1, reeling, bobbin requires fixed length, reels that it is soft to require, and rolls up close requirement even; 2, winding angle must consider there is larger space between layer, thereby adopts slightly large winding angle, makes dye liquor can infiltrate smoothly layer; 3, the edge of bobbin should be soft and even, is commonly called as slack list bobbin; 4, require not produce any overlapping, off-clip, spider web and other shaping faults, so that level dyeing, brisk unwinding.
The single winding device of existing automatic slack winder, in use there is following defect: the anti-stacked design while, groundwork being made in to realization coiling, ignored loose formula bobbin surface structure itself and be also one of reason that the follow-up dyeing process of impact completes smoothly, the edge yarn circle tension that causes the parallel or loose formula bobbin of rectangle of network one-tenth, easily causes pilled-in selvedge bobbin so that dyeing uneven; Fixed length and broken yarn self-stop requirement when two, loose formula bobbin is reeled, existing apparatus is comparatively complicated, and cost is higher; Three, the anti-stacked design when reeling is comparatively complicated, and cost is higher; Four, yarn traverse motion and the motion of reeling not separate in using, but using groove drum both as thread-carrier, as friction roller, drive yarn cylinder circular movement again, use groove drum groove to guide yarn crank motion, easily cause the drawbacks such as yarn overlying, lousiness; Five, the design of the connection between each parts is reasonable not, and in use, power consumption is higher.
In view of this, the inventor, in conjunction with the many years of experience of being engaged in spinning machinery work, studies for a long period of time to the defect of above-mentioned technical field, and this case produces thus.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of single winding device of automatic slack winder, simple in structure, reasonable in design, with low cost, noise is low, in use can facilitate, realize accurately the shaping of pineapple shape and fixed length, broken yarn self-stop function, can realize special quality pine formula and reel, improve quality and the unwinding smoothly of subsequent handling dyeing, and then improve work efficiency and the economic benefit of factory.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A single winding device for automatic slack winder, comprises fixed length control device, tension-adjusting gear, wind2 and luffing feed carrier, is installed in frame respectively.Described fixed length control device comprises infrared light control yarn probe, thread cutter and the micro controller system of controlling said apparatus.Described wind2 comprises winding stand and groove drum, groove drum comprises groove drum body, the groove drum shaft of cover plate and is built in the reciprocating apparatus that traverses that laying head fixed mount is installed in groove drum body, laying head is equipped with in laying head fixed mount one end, laying head expose to groove drum by winding stand side, the laying head fixed mount other end is equipped with orienting lug.Described luffing feed carrier comprises luffing guide rail, extension spring, active pull rod and adjustable rotating bar, form the chute can restricted guidance piece sliding in the middle of luffing guide rail, luffing guide rail one side is movably installed in the inner side of groove drum body cover plate, opposite side is fixed on groove drum body by extension spring, luffing guide rail stretches out the external one end of groove drum active pull rod is installed, and active pull rod is connected with the adjustable rotating bar that is installed on winding stand of homonymy.
Further, described micro controller system is STM8S207 micro controller system; Described fixed length control device also comprises annunciator, indicator lamp and restorer, is all subject to above-mentioned Single-chip Controlling.Described yarn probe comprises and is arranged on the sense silk head being comprised of infrared emission tube and adoptor in spill lid, with the guiding porcelain head that is fixed on spill lid upper and lower surface by attaching parts, the yarn positioning groove of guiding porcelain head is hook-type, make yarn can be vertically by guiding up and down an induction zone for porcelain head and sense silk head; Described thread cutter adopts the driving circuit drive magnetic of ULN2003, the thread cutter that electromagnet drives shear blade trimming for utilizing, driving circuit is connected with above-mentioned micro controller system.Thereby not only can realize warning, deixis, but also can reset by a key, simultaneously with low cost; The structure of yarn probe and thread cutter is simpler, and cost is cheaper.
Further, described winding stand comprise that aluminum alloy makes by the movable left grillage of yi word pattern and the L-type U-shaped grillage that fixedly right panel frame forms with retracing spring pivot joint, and the left and right chuck that is installed on the grillage of left and right elastic force fixed clamp yarn cylinder cylinder core that can be by articulated section retracing spring, the rear portion that adjustable rotating bar is installed on fixing right panel frame is in the outer part.Groove cylinder body bottom is semi-circular, groove drum body cover plate is plane, groove drum body tilts to be installed on frame flat board by groove drum body conjunction, the laying head side of groove drum upward, and keeping the direction of winding stand clamping yarn cylinder cylinder core and the direction of traversing of the reciprocating apparatus that traverses in parallel position, groove drum body cover plate and horizontal plane angle are 10 °-30 °.Described wind2 also comprises friction roller, be set on friction roll shaft, left and right sides indent, two interior recesses near friction roll shaft place respectively evagination be with externally threaded interior annulus, on interior annulus, be threaded and friction roller can be fixed on to the band negative thread outer toroid on friction roll shaft, friction roll shaft is between winding stand and groove drum.Adopt such scheme, not only yarn traverse motion and the motion of reeling can be separated, and by taking corresponding drive and control of electric machine can also control respectively the speed of above-mentioned two motions, thereby realize, according to concrete production requirement adjustment, determine specific yarn traverse motion speed and coiling kinematic velocity, thereby effectively prevented generation overlapping, chimb.In addition, compare with existing employing ferrous material, owing to adopting aluminum alloy materials, greatly reduce cost, and alleviated weight more convenient operation work carry out creeling work.The screw thread clamping design of above-mentioned friction roller, when reducing weight, can further improve clamping dynamics again.The installation site of adjustable rotating bar, can guarantee by winding stand along with yarn cylinder thicken and on the action that moves more accurate, mild pass to active pull rod, and cost is comparatively cheap.Left and right chuck belongs to state of the art, the rounded projection of chuck surface, and size is corresponding with yarn cylinder cylinder core.
Further, the interior annulus of described evagination can divide two types, three types or four types of being broken into, and its thickness increases from outside to inside gradually, and the annular distance of outer toroid is corresponding with interior annulus.Thus, can utilize on the one hand space to eliminate the internal force producing while being threaded, on the other hand due to the existence of the gradient make that inside and outside circle loops closes more firm, thereby make fixing more firm of friction roller.
Further, described tension-adjusting gear comprises fairlead, adjustable column and regulating ring.Wide in the middle of fairlead, can be for placing regulating ring, two is narrow and guiding porcelain head and spacing porcelain head are housed respectively, the yarn positioning groove of guiding porcelain head is hook-type, the yarn positioning groove of spacing porcelain head is equicrural triangle, waist dual-side be projection and in turn over.Adjustable column is fixed on fairlead middle part, outer cladding elastomeric material.Regulating ring is protruding dome-shaped, in have annular distance can be socketed on adjustable column, inside region near annular distance is plane, be inclined-plane in the outer part, the first regulating ring projection is socketed on adjustable column upward, other regulating rings can need projection to be socketed on adjustable column down according to tension force, to push down yarn, its plane domain at regulating ring are advanced near adjustable column.Regulating ring can have a plurality of, in order to regulate the tension force of yarn, realizes fine setting tension force and controls.
Further, tension-adjusting gear tilts to be installed on before groove drum by limited post, spacing porcelain head side is upward also by groove drum side, fairlead and horizontal plane angle are 10 °-30 °, and make to guide the inlet wire center of porcelain head and the outlet center of spacing porcelain head and be all in groove drum and traverse on the middle cross-sectional plane of reciprocating travel.
Further, described fairlead is parallel with groove drum body cover plate, and guiding porcelain head place, fairlead lower end plane is converted into parallel with horizontal surface.Can greatly facilitate the inlet wire of yarn to reel, and realize high-speed winding.
Adopt the technical program, the present invention obtains following useful technique effect: first, in slack winder field, by the coordination operation of luffing feed carrier and wind2, can form loose formula pineapple type tube with slack list, Bian Shajuanxiang center, two ends is shifted, and reaches the object of slack list and favourable unwinding, fundamentally change the disadvantage of rectangle (or parallel) bobbin pilled-in selvedge, greatly improved the quality of loose formula bobbin; The second, by the design of infrared light control yarn probe, can realize low cost but judge sensitive and accurate broken yarn self-stop function; The 3rd, the design combining by infrared light control yarn probe and thread cutter, can realize low cost but the length fixing function of accurate measurement; The 4th, adopt Single-chip Controlling to visit silk, trimming function, be quick on the draw but cost savings, effect is remarkable; The 5th, the connection design between each parts is succinct, consumes energy low; The 6th, adopt the technical program, make machine under high-speed operation without frequent maintenance.
The present invention is suitable for forming automatic slack winder, the loose type coning that can be used for various yarns, as being applicable to, cylinder yarn and the cop of cotton textiles, chemical fibre blending, wool yarn are coiled into pagoda or cylindrical loose formula bobbin, for high temperature, high pressure cone dyeing machine, density irregularity and the easy shortcoming of snag while having made up especially other domestic bobbin-winding machine to the low stretch yarn at thin dawn, network yarn metal, improve the weak point of existing slack winder, greatly improved work efficiency and the economic benefit of factory.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further details.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of luffing guide rail and component thereof in the present embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the fundamental diagram of luffing feed carrier in the present embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the present embodiment yarn probe, thread cutter;
Fig. 5 is the control structure schematic diagram of the present embodiment micro controller system;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the present embodiment wind2;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the present embodiment friction roller;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the present embodiment tension-adjusting gear;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the present embodiment side;
Figure 10 is the PCB figure of the present embodiment sense silk head circuit board.
Label declaration:
Wind2 1, luffing feed carrier 4, fixed length control device 5, tension-adjusting gear 8.
Wind2 1, winding stand 10, groove drum 20, friction roller 30.Winding stand 10, U-shaped grillage 11, chuck 12, yarn cylinder cylinder core 13, the movable left grillage 111 of yi word pattern, L-type be right panel frame 112, retracing spring 113 fixedly.Groove drum 20, groove drum body 21, groove drum shaft 22, the reciprocating apparatus 23 that traverses, groove drum 24, arc tooth synchronous belt 25, groove drum body cover plate 211, groove cylinder body bottom 212, laying head fixed mount 231, laying head 232, orienting lug 233, plug helix 234, laying head slide block 235, two slide bar 236, slide block pilot pin 237.Friction roller 30, friction roll shaft 31, interior annulus 32, outer toroid 33, friction roller motor 34, arc tooth synchronous belt 35.
Luffing feed carrier 4, luffing guide rail 41, extension spring 42, active pull rod 43, adjustable rotating bar 44, chute 411, mandrel 412.
Fixed length control device 5, infrared light control yarn probe 50, thread cutter 60, micro controller system 70, sense silk 51, spill lid 52, guiding porcelain head 53, conjunction 54, warning indicator lamp 55, reset button 56, infrared emission tube 511, infrared ray adoptor 512.
Tension-adjusting gear 8, fairlead 81, adjustable column 82, regulating ring 83, limited post 84, guiding porcelain head 811, spacing porcelain head 812.
Single winding device 100, the yarn 200 of automatic slack winder.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, be preferred embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, the single winding device 100 of a kind of automatic slack winder shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 6, Fig. 9, comprise wind2 1, luffing feed carrier 4, fixed length control device 5 and tension-adjusting gear 8.Described wind2 1 comprises winding stand 10 and groove drum 20.Wherein the yarn cylinder cylinder core 133 of winding stand 10 clampings itself can't rotate, but by being close on friction cylinder, the friction force that relies on the rotation of friction cylinder to produce drives yarn cylinder to carry out circular movement.Winding stand 10 is provided with the device being connected with rewinder coiling switch behind, can support the device that winding stand lifts the functions such as position in addition, when under plate, winding stand makes it be close to friction cylinder, friction cylinder starts to rotate, when lifting winding stand away from friction cylinder, the cylinder that rubs stops operating, so that operative employee changes yarn cylinder, this friction cylinder is generally groove drum.Said structure is the common technique of textile machine apparatus field, just repeats no more herein.
Groove drum 20 comprises groove drum body 21, the groove drum shaft 22 of cover plate 211, and be built in the reciprocating apparatus 23 that traverses that laying head fixed mount is installed in groove drum body, laying head 232 is equipped with in laying head fixed mount 231 one end, laying head 232 expose to groove drum by winding stand side, laying head fixed mount 231 other ends are equipped with orienting lug 233.Traverse on reciprocating apparatus and be designed with plug helix 234, the mode that laying head fixed mount is installed on it has multiple.As shown in Figure 2, in the present embodiment, laying head fixed mount 231 is movably arranged on laying head slide block 235, on two slide bars 236 of laying head slide block kink in being installed in groove drum body, laying head slide block 235 bottom surfaces are movably installed with slide block pilot pin 237, during slide block pilot pin 237 embedding plug helixs 234 are interior.When the plug helix of the reciprocating apparatus that traverses rotates, can be with movable slider pilot pin, thereby drive laying head slide block and then laying head fixed mount and then laying head traverse motion.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, luffing feed carrier 4 comprises luffing guide rail 41, extension spring 42, active pull rod 43 and adjustable rotating bar 44, in the middle of luffing guide rail 41, form the chute 411 can restricted guidance piece sliding, luffing guide rail 41 1 sides are movably installed in the inner side of groove drum body cover plate 211, can be specifically movable fixing by mandrel 412, opposite side be fixed on groove drum body 21 by extension spring.Luffing guide rail stretches out the external one end of groove drum active pull rod 43 is installed, and active pull rod 43 is connected with the adjustable rotating bar 44 that is installed on winding stand 10 of homonymy.
The principle of work of luffing feed carrier 4 as shown in Figure 3, when active pull rod 43 moves on along with winding stand by adjustable rotating bar 44 while pulling luffing guide rail 41, the chute 411 of luffing guide rail 41 and winding stand clamping yarn cylinder direction becomes inclination from parallel, so changed the slip angle that is subject to its spacing orienting lug 233, changed the angle of laying head fixed mount 231, according to lever principle, play an effect that changes laying head angle.In slack winder field, by the above-mentioned coordination operation of luffing feed carrier and wind2, can form loose formula pineapple type tube with slack list, the displacement of Bian Shajuanxiang center, two ends, reach the object of slack list and favourable unwinding, fundamentally change the disadvantage of rectangle (or parallel) bobbin pilled-in selvedge, greatly improved the quality of loose formula bobbin.
Fixed length control device 5 comprises infrared light control yarn probe 50, thread cutter 60 and the micro controller system 70 of controlling said apparatus, and micro controller system is connected with host computer control device 9 by RS-485 bus.This micro controller system, according to the functional requirement of fixed length control device, can have multiple choices, is STM8S207 micro controller system 70 in the present embodiment.Above-mentioned fixed length control device 5 can be with annunciator, indicator lamp, such as being warning indicator lamp 55, can be with restorer, such as can, with reset button 56 performances, controlled by micro controller system 70.As shown in Figure 4, yarn probe 50 comprises and is arranged on the sense silk that is comprised of infrared emission tube 511 and adoptor 512 in spill lid 52 51, with by attaching parts 54, be fixed on the guiding porcelain head 53 of spill lid 52 upper and lower surfaces, the yarn positioning groove of guiding porcelain head 53 is hook-type, make yarn can be vertically by guiding up and down an induction zone for porcelain head and sense silk head.The circuit board layouts of sense silk head as shown in figure 10.The control structure of STM8S207 micro controller system 70 as shown in Figure 5, adopts the micro controller system of STMicw Electronics (ST) in the present embodiment.Described thread cutter 60 adopts the driving circuit drive magnetic of ULN2003, the thread cutter that electromagnet drives shear blade trimming for utilizing, driving circuit is connected with micro controller system 70.Adopt such scheme, not only can realize warning, deixis, but also can reset by a key, simultaneously with low cost; The structure of yarn probe and thread cutter is simpler, and cost is cheaper.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6, winding stand 10 comprise that aluminum alloy makes by the movable left grillage 111 of yi word pattern and the L-type U-shaped grillage 11 that fixedly right panel frame 112 forms with retracing spring 113 pivot joints, and be installed in the left and right chuck 12 that can pass through the elastic force fixed clamp yarn cylinder cylinder core 13 of articulated section retracing spring on the grillage of left and right.The rear portion that adjustable rotating bar is installed on fixing right panel frame in the outer part.Compare with existing employing ferrous material, owing to adopting aluminum alloy materials, greatly reduce cost, and alleviated weight more convenient operation work carry out creeling work, and the design of above-mentioned clamping can guarantee again, when reducing weight, further to improve clamping dynamics.The installation site of adjustable rotating bar, can guarantee by winding stand along with yarn cylinder thicken and on the action that moves more accurate, mild pass to active pull rod, and cost is comparatively cheap.Left and right chuck belongs to state of the art,, can unanimously also can be inconsistent, the rounded projection of chuck surface, size is corresponding with yarn cylinder cylinder core.
Groove cylinder body bottom 212 is semi-circular, and groove drum body cover plate 211 is plane cover plate.Owing to adopting aluminum alloy materials, greatly reduce material cost and energy consumption.Fluid is generally housed in groove drum body, semicircle is adopted in the present embodiment bottom, corresponding with the circular reciprocating apparatus that traverses, compare with existing cuboid, do not affect again the operation of traversing subtracting the areolate while, and realized the saving of cell body materials and fluid materials, and further reduced the load that drives the reciprocating apparatus motor that traverses.Groove drum body 21 tilts to be installed on frame flat board by groove drum body conjunction, the laying head side of groove drum upward, and keep the direction of winding stand clamping yarn cylinder cylinder core and the direction of traversing of the reciprocating apparatus that traverses in parallel position, groove drum body cover plate and horizontal plane angle are 10 °-30 °, groove drum shaft is installed in frame, and expose at one or two can supply set gear.Adopt this design, be combined with following tension-adjusting gear, can greatly facilitate the inlet wire of yarn to reel, and realize high-speed winding.Specifically see following.
Wind2 also comprises friction roller 30.As shown in Figure 7, friction roller 30 is cylindrical, be set on friction roll shaft 31, left and right sides indent, two interior recesses near friction roll shaft place respectively evagination be provided with and be with externally threaded interior annulus 32, on interior annulus, be threaded and friction roller can be fixed on to the band negative thread outer toroid 33 on friction roll shaft, friction roll shaft 31 is installed in frame, between winding stand and groove drum, expose at one or two can supply set gear.Compare with the existing fixed form that props up roller bearing with screw tightening, the mode of the present embodiment is more firm, and installation, maintenance is convenient, more stable during running, thereby is conducive to improve rotating speed, can not damage roller bearing again, the unlikely service life that affects roller bearing simultaneously.The interior annulus of evagination can divide two types, three types or four types of being broken into, and its thickness increases from outside to inside gradually, and the annular distance of outer toroid is corresponding with interior annulus.Thus, can utilize on the one hand space to eliminate the internal force producing while being threaded, on the other hand due to the existence of the gradient make that inside and outside circle loops closes more firm, thereby make fixing more firm of friction roller.
Adopt such scheme, not only yarn traverse motion and the motion of reeling can be separated, and by taking corresponding drive and control of electric machine can also control respectively the speed of above-mentioned two motions, thereby realize, according to concrete production requirement adjustment, determine specific yarn traverse motion speed and coiling kinematic velocity, thereby effectively prevented generation overlapping, chimb.In addition, adopt the shaping groove drum of special shape and structure design, realized precise winding, effectively prevented generation overlapping, chimb, guarantee that winding shaping is good and unwinding is good.
As shown in Figure 8, tension-adjusting gear 8 comprises fairlead 81, adjustable column 82 and regulating ring 83.Wide in the middle of fairlead 81, can be for placing regulating ring 82, two is narrow and guiding porcelain head 811 and spacing porcelain head 812 are housed respectively, and the yarn positioning groove of guiding porcelain head 811 is hook-type, the yarn positioning groove of spacing porcelain head 812 is equicrural triangle, waist dual-side be projection and in turn over.Adjustable column 82 is fixed on fairlead middle part, outer cladding elastomeric material.Adjustable column 82 can be fixed on fairlead by multiple existing known mode, is threaded on fairlead, to save cost in the present embodiment for long screw overcoat rubber band.In the present embodiment, porcelain head position all adopts high-grade titanium porcelain and 99 porcelain, to guarantee the bright and clean of a road.Regulating ring is protruding dome-shaped, in have annular distance can be socketed on adjustable column, inside region near annular distance is plane, be inclined-plane in the outer part, the first regulating ring projection is socketed on adjustable column upward, other regulating rings can need projection to be socketed on adjustable column down according to tension force, to push down yarn, its plane domain at regulating ring are advanced near adjustable column.Regulating ring can have a plurality of, in order to regulate the tension force of yarn, realizes fine setting tension force and controls.In the present embodiment, first the first regulating ring projection is socketed on adjustable column upward, come the yarn of self-aiming porcelain head to enter spacing porcelain head through showing plane on the first regulating ring, according to reel for yarn around time tension force size, can by the second regulating ring even the 3rd regulating ring together projection be socketed on adjustable column down.
Tension-adjusting gear 8 tilts to be installed on before groove drum 20 by limited post 84, spacing porcelain head side is upward also by groove drum side, fairlead and horizontal plane angle are 10 °-30 °, and make to guide the inlet wire center of porcelain head and the outlet center of spacing porcelain head and be all in groove drum 20 and traverse on the middle cross-sectional plane of reciprocating travel.
Because inlet wire and outlet are all positioned on the middle cross-sectional plane of groove drum 20 transverse reciprocating strokes, add unique angle of inclination, the generation of overlapping while effectively having prevented from reeling, chimb, guarantees that winding shaping is good and unwinding is good, and realizes high-speed winding.Fairlead 81 angles of inclination can be identical with groove drum body angle of inclination, also can be different; Fairlead 81 can be plane, as preferably, can be also fairlead 81 upwards bendings of lower end guiding porcelain head 811 place planes.Thereby the inlet wire that is conducive to yarn is reeled and high-speed winding.In the present embodiment, fairlead 81 is parallel with groove drum body cover plate 211, and fairlead 81 lower end guiding porcelain head 811 place planes are converted into parallel with horizontal surface.Adopt this programme, be not only conducive to tension adjustment, greatly facilitate again the inlet wire of yarn to reel, and realize high-speed winding.As long as by yarn by guiding porcelain head 811 yarn positioning groove hook portions, then be wound up into fixing on the yarn cylinder cylinder core of winding stand clamping after, open while reeling, yarn will be caught on by laying head automatically, and enters in the yarn positioning groove of spacing porcelain head 812, carries out high-speed coiling.
Occupation mode of the present invention is as follows:
Yarn from the reel to be spooled of bottom is penetrated in single winding device, be specially: yarn 200 is first by thread cutter, yarn probe, then enter guiding porcelain head 811 yarn positioning groove hook portions, then be wound up on the yarn cylinder cylinder core 13 of winding stand 10 clampings fixing, as around upper several circles.
Then, just start to reel:
Under plate, winding stand 10, near friction roller 30, has just been opened friction roller motor 34 and groove drum 24, and friction roll shaft 31 drives friction roller 30 to start rotation, and friction roller 30 utilizes friction force promotion yarn cylinder to carry out circular movement.When now the silk on yarn cylinder is more and more, yarn cylinder winding stand also moves up, and the adjustable rotating bar being installed on winding stand is connected with active pull rod, so adjustable rotating bar drives active pull rod, active pull rod pulls luffing guide rail, when luffing guide rail Angulation changes, changed by the slip angle of its spacing orienting lug thereupon, changed the angle of laying head fixed mount, according to lever principle, changed the angle of laying head.Above-mentioned a series of cooperations by luffing feed carrier and wind2 are turned round, and can form loose formula pineapple type tube with slack list, make cheese density more even, and unwinding is more convenient.
In winding process, yarn, by the sense silk head of yarn probe, can obtain different light-operated effects.By a sense silk device can detect have or not broken yarn, yarn be reel in or stop.Master cpu sends to fixed length control device by RS-485 bus by the fixed-length data of setting and winding speed information.Fixed length control device adopts high-speed microprocessor to control, and detects in real time reel for yarn around situation, through calculating reel for yarn around length.When coiling length reaches preseting length, drive trimming electromagnet to cut off yarn, and light indicator lamp and alarm lamp.By reset button, can again reel.If in winding process, there is Yarn break, fixed length plate will be lighted indicator lamp and alarm lamp.A fixed length plate can be controlled 4 spindles.And the yarn probe left side is power valve, the right is adoptor, adopts infrared ray, can certainly be contrary.By infrared emitting and acceptance, yarn is through between emitting head and accepting header, and the burr by yarn, blocks difference to light, by electric circuit inspection, can obtain having or not yarn, yarn to have or not and walk about.
In addition, existence due to wind2 medium dip, the laying head 232 traversing in reciprocator that driven by groove drum 24 carries out traverse motion with regard to automatically catching on yarn, and as the unique design of above-mentioned tension-adjusting gear 8 and groove drum body 21, yarn will enter in the yarn positioning groove of spacing porcelain head 812 automatically, carries out high-speed coiling.Now can be according to the needs of Tensity size in practical operation, by regulating ring 83, regulate, such as, before coiling, first the first regulating ring projection is socketed on adjustable column upward, when the yarn that carrys out self-aiming porcelain head 811 is shown plane on through the first regulating ring and is entered spacing porcelain head 812 and start to reel, as required, can by the second regulating ring even the 3rd regulating ring together projection be socketed on adjustable column down, to push down yarn, yarn is advanced near adjustable column 82 at the plane domain of regulating ring 83.Finally, creeling: after coiling, lift winding stand 30, drive motor is closed, reciprocator 23 stop motion gradually of traversing in friction roll shaft 31 and groove drum, now, operative employee holds full yarn cylinder, pushes left grillage 111 open, takes off full yarn cylinder, and change sky yarn cylinder, retracing spring 113 makes winding stand 10 return to clamp position.
In winder, on bobbin, the coiling route of yarn is reciprocal helix line, and bobbin is reeled and is formed by stacking with two motions of crank motion by rotatablely moving.Wherein the rotation of friction roller driven by motor bobbin is reeled, and groove drum drives the laying head in groove drum to move reciprocatingly.Rotatablely move and produce circumferential velocity V1, crank motion produces yarn guiding speed V2, doff speed of production: V=(V12+V22) 1/2, and tg α=V2/V1; α is called yarn circle winding angle and claims again yarn circle spiral angle, is one of principal parameter of design winding mechanism.By " speed of production " and " intersection angle (2 α) " thus just can obtain reeling V1 and yarn guiding speed V2 calculate the control rate of friction roller motor inverter and groove drum frequency converter.Adopt Frequency Converter Control friction roller motor and groove drum, can realize motor speed and regulate.The technical program can be passed through software modification " intersection angle (2 α) ", thereby meets the production requirement of multiple yarn.
To the anti-stacked design in winding process.Bobbin is when reeling, and around the yarn circle reply of top cylinder sub-surface, the yarn circle before it had certain displacement amount afterwards for each.Like this, yarn circle will be evenly distributed in the surface of bobbin.But if the displacement of yarn circle is when just equal zero, be that the angle of displacement of yarn circle is when equal zero, so, still in guide cycle last time, on the yarn circle position on bobbin surface, this phenomenon is just called the overlapping coiling of yarn circle around the yarn circle of top cylinder sub-surface rear guide cycle.On bobbin, rough overlapping band makes bobbin and cylinder bad contact, and the yarn of bossing is subject to excessive friction damage, causes rear manufacturing procedure Yarn break, the fluffing of yarn body.Overlapping sliver can cause that Winding Density of Cheese is irregular, and bobbin coiling capacity reduces.During the unwinding yarn of overlapping bobbin, because yarn embeds or closely stacking mutually, so that unwinding resistance increment, also can produce knocking over and ravellings.Overlapping too serious bobbin will hinder dye liquor infiltration, so that uneven dyeing.In the technical program, due to yarn traverse motion and the motion of reeling are separated, and drive and can control the speed of controlling respectively above-mentioned two motions by corresponding motor, therefore can improve anti-stacked effect by relative set.
In above-described embodiment, unaccounted content is prior art, therefore this place repeats no more.
The foregoing is only one embodiment of the present of invention, the not restriction to this case design, all equivalent variations of doing according to the design key of this case, all fall into the protection domain of this case.

Claims (5)

1. a single winding device for automatic slack winder, is characterized in that: comprise fixed length control device, tension-adjusting gear, wind2 and luffing feed carrier, be installed on respectively in frame; Described fixed length control device comprises infrared light control yarn probe, thread cutter and the micro controller system of controlling fixed length control device; Described wind2 comprises winding stand and groove drum, groove drum comprises groove drum body, the groove drum shaft of cover plate and is built in the reciprocating apparatus that traverses that laying head fixed mount is installed in groove drum body, laying head is equipped with in laying head fixed mount one end, laying head expose to groove drum by winding stand side, the laying head fixed mount other end is equipped with orienting lug; Described luffing feed carrier comprises luffing guide rail, extension spring, active pull rod and adjustable rotating bar, form the chute can restricted guidance piece sliding in the middle of luffing guide rail, luffing guide rail one side is movably installed in the inner side of groove drum body cover plate, opposite side is fixed on groove drum body by extension spring, luffing guide rail stretches out the external one end of groove drum active pull rod is installed, and active pull rod is connected with the adjustable rotating bar that is installed on winding stand of homonymy; Described micro controller system is STM8S207 micro controller system; Described fixed length control device also comprises annunciator, indicator lamp and restorer, is all subject to above-mentioned Single-chip Controlling; Described yarn probe comprises and is arranged on the sense silk head being comprised of infrared emission tube and adoptor in spill lid, with the first guiding porcelain head that is fixed on spill lid upper and lower surface by attaching parts, the yarn positioning groove of the first guiding porcelain head is hook-type, makes yarn vertically by upper and lower first, guide the induction zone of porcelain head with sense silk head; Described thread cutter adopts the driving circuit drive magnetic of ULN2003, the thread cutter that electromagnet drives shear blade trimming for utilizing, driving circuit is connected with above-mentioned micro controller system; Described winding stand comprise that aluminum alloy makes by the movable left grillage of yi word pattern and the L-type U-shaped grillage that fixedly right panel frame forms with retracing spring pivot joint, and the left and right chuck that is installed on the grillage of left and right elastic force fixed clamp yarn cylinder cylinder core that can be by articulated section retracing spring, the rear portion that adjustable rotating bar is installed on fixing right panel frame is in the outer part; Groove cylinder body bottom is semi-circular, groove drum body cover plate is plane, groove drum body tilts to be installed on frame flat board by groove drum body conjunction, the laying head side of groove drum upward, and keeping the direction of winding stand clamping yarn cylinder cylinder core and the direction of traversing of the reciprocating apparatus that traverses in parallel position, groove drum body cover plate and horizontal plane angle are 10 °-30 °; Described wind2 also comprises friction roller, be set on friction roll shaft, left and right sides indent, two interior recesses near friction roll shaft place respectively evagination be with externally threaded interior annulus, on interior annulus, be threaded and friction roller can be fixed on to the band negative thread outer toroid on friction roll shaft, friction roll shaft is between winding stand and groove drum.
2. the single winding device of a kind of automatic slack winder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the interior annulus disjunction of described evagination becomes two types, three types or four types, its thickness increases from outside to inside gradually, and the annular distance of outer toroid is corresponding with interior annulus.
3. the single winding device of a kind of automatic slack winder as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described tension-adjusting gear comprises fairlead, adjustable column and regulating ring; Wide in the middle of fairlead, can be for placing regulating ring, two is narrow and the second guiding porcelain head and spacing porcelain head are housed respectively, the yarn positioning groove of the second guiding porcelain head is hook-type, the yarn positioning groove of spacing porcelain head is equicrural triangle, waist dual-side be projection and in turn over; Adjustable column is fixed on fairlead middle part, outer cladding elastomeric material;
Regulating ring is protruding dome-shaped, in have annular distance can be socketed on adjustable column, inside region near annular distance is plane, be inclined-plane in the outer part, the first regulating ring projection is socketed on adjustable column upward, other regulating rings can need projection to be socketed on adjustable column down according to tension force, to push down yarn, its plane domain at regulating ring are advanced near adjustable column.
4. the single winding device of a kind of automatic slack winder as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: tension-adjusting gear tilts to be installed on before groove drum by limited post, spacing porcelain head side is upward also by groove drum side, fairlead and horizontal plane angle are 10 °-30 °, and make the inlet wire center of the second guiding porcelain head and the outlet center of spacing porcelain head all be in groove drum to traverse on the middle cross-sectional plane of reciprocating travel.
5. the single winding device of a kind of automatic slack winder as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described fairlead is parallel with groove drum body cover plate, and fairlead lower end the second guiding porcelain head place plane is converted into parallel with horizontal surface.
CN201210007829.5A 2012-01-12 2012-01-12 Single winding device for automatic soft bobbin winder CN102701000B (en)

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CN103145003A (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-06-12 太仓市珠江线带厂 Novel alarming temperature-sensing winding machine
CN104210899A (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-12-17 苏州工业园区拓朴环保净化有限公司 Wire winding machine with automatic cutter
CN103482420B (en) * 2013-08-19 2018-11-13 苏州三和开泰花线织造有限公司 A kind of spooler with silk thread detection function
CN103397412A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-11-20 宁波格林纺织品有限公司 Stranding and doubling machine
CN104404666A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-11 太仓市高泰机械有限公司 Breakage alarm device of winding machine
CN106744030A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 安徽睿知信信息科技有限公司 A kind of weaving Winder
CN110745632A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-02-04 杭州芯意智能科技有限公司 Device convenient to spinning and winding

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CN2052772U (en) * 1989-01-04 1990-02-14 江都县金属槽筒厂 Assembly winder
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