CN102700409A - Vertical power-driven device for pure electric vehicle based on mechanical automatic transmission - Google Patents

Vertical power-driven device for pure electric vehicle based on mechanical automatic transmission Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102700409A
CN102700409A CN2012101850540A CN201210185054A CN102700409A CN 102700409 A CN102700409 A CN 102700409A CN 2012101850540 A CN2012101850540 A CN 2012101850540A CN 201210185054 A CN201210185054 A CN 201210185054A CN 102700409 A CN102700409 A CN 102700409A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
clutch
power
pure electric
speed changer
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Pending
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CN2012101850540A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈虹
高炳钊
梁琼
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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Application filed by Jilin University filed Critical Jilin University
Priority to CN2012101850540A priority Critical patent/CN102700409A/en
Publication of CN102700409A publication Critical patent/CN102700409A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a power-driven device of a pure electric vehicle based on mechanical automatic transmission, in particular to a vertical power-driven device for the pure electric vehicle based on mechanical automatic transmission. The vertical power-driven device comprises a motor, a two-gear mechanical automatic transmission and a dry clutch, wherein the two-gear mechanical automatic transmission comprises meshed gear pairs, an engagement sleeve T, an input shaft M, an intermediate shaft O and an output shaft N; the meshed gear pairs include gears (A, B, E, F and I); the meshed gear pair of gears (A and B) form the first gear; the gear pair of gears (E and F) form the second gear; the gear pair of gears (F and I) are meshed and used for outputting power; the driven part of the clutch is in rigid connection with the gear E; and gear alternation is realized by operating the engagement sleeve T and the clutch. The vertical power-driven device has the advantages that the efficient operation area of the motor can be effectively utilized; no power failure is required during gear alternation; the climbing capability is high; and the power-driven device is suitable for front-engine rear-drive arrangement.

Description

Longitudinal Power Drive Unit based on the pure electric automobile of automatic speed changer for machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Power Drive Unit of the pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine, belong to a kind of Power Drive Unit of walking machine.
Background technology
How to reduce the energy resource consumption of automobile and the theme that environmental pollution becomes current automobile industry development.Chinese science and technology portion representes; Greatly develop electronlmobil and advance transportation and energy's transition; Become the emphasis that the China and world government of main developed country supports; The development of electronlmobil has caused a global industrial transformation, is related to the future of global automobile industry, more is related to the sustainability of human society future development.The development of nearly 2 years China's pure electric automobiles is rapid, and a plurality of enterprises have released pure electric automobile on market, and pure electric automobile has got into industrialization.Pure electric automobile has the many advantages better than the traditional combustion engine vehicle, and for example zero-emission, high efficiency, irrelevant and peace and quiet move reposefully with oil.
The driver train of pure electric automobile has multiple, for example disposes the conventional drive system of many grades of drivings device and power-transfer clutch, single grade of driving device of no-clutch, two independently electrical motors and the fixing shelves driving device that has axle drive shaft.The conventional drive cording that disposes many grades of drivings device and power-transfer clutch has a plurality of gear accelerating abilitys good, but dynamic interruption during gear shift; Single grade of driving device of no-clutch can be realized stepless change, but accelerating ability, hill climbing ability are poor, and the efficient of electrical motor is not given full play to; Two independently electrical motors and many, the complex structure of fixing shelves driving device number of motors that has axle drive shaft, accelerating ability is poor.
The present invention has an electrical motor and second gear automatic speed changer for machine, and layout not only simple in structure is more convenient, and accelerating ability and hill climbing ability be all than higher, and power-transfer clutch is different with the traditional arrangement form, adopts the dry type clutch driving efficiency higher.Power did not interrupt when operated clutch can realize gear shift, and dynamic property is more outstanding, thereby improved the Combination property of pure electric automobile.Preposition back-wheel drive can significantly improve the hill climbing ability of automobile.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters of the present invention is that a kind of compact conformation will be provided, can gear shift, can guarantee the Power Drive Unit of the unbroken a kind of pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine of power again.
In order to solve above technical matters, the invention provides a kind of longitudinal Power Drive Unit of the pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine.Device comprises 1, one two grades of automatic speed changer for machine of an electrical motor, a dry type clutch 28.Two grades of automatic speed changer for machine are by gear A 5 and B40, and the engaging gear that E9, F30 and I37 form is right, and shift sleeve T7 and input shaft M42, tween drive shaft O39 and transmission output shaft N36 form.Engaging gear is formed one grade to A5, B40, and gear mesh E9, F30 form second gear, and gear mesh F30, I37 mesh outputting power.Operate the clutch 28 with shift sleeve T7 and input shaft M42 on gear A 5 the combination indented joint or separate the conversion that realizes gear.The input shaft M42 two ends of change-speed box are supported in the mission case through angular contact ball bearing I 3.Gear A 5, E9 are enclosed within on the input shaft M42 through the needle bearing sky respectively.Gear E9 two ends are supported on respectively in mission case and the flywheel through angular contact ball bearing II 10.Flywheel 16 and flange 20 bolt togethers.Gear B 40 is made of one with F30 and tween drive shaft O39.The two ends of tween drive shaft O39 are supported in the mission case through angular contact ball bearing III29, and the two ends of transmission output shaft N36 are supported in the mission case through angular contact ball bearing IV34.Flange 31 is connected with transmission output shaft N36 through spline, and flange 31 ends lean on bolt 32 fixing.Coupling disengage device is formed: rotary release thrust bearing 24 skies of inner ring are enclosed within on the gear E9; Bearing carge 27 connects the outer ring of cutoff clutch 26 and the rotary release thrust bearing 24 of inner ring, and wavy spring 25 is close to the right side of the rotary release thrust bearing of inner ring 24 outer rings and the left side of bearing carge 27.The actuating unit 12 that operates the clutch promotes cutoff clutch 26 and moves axially to the right; The outer ring that cutoff clutch 26 promotes the rotary release thrust bearing 24 of inner ring; The outer ring promotes ball, promotes diaphragm spring 14 thereby ball promotes the inner ring of release thrust bearing 26, realizes the closure of power-transfer clutch 28.The clutch plate 17 of power-transfer clutch 28 is rigidly connected with gear E9 through clutch plate hub 19, and flywheel 16 is rigidly connected through spline on the flange 20 and input shaft M42, and purpose is exactly operated clutch 28 realization power failure-free drivings when gear shift.
Advantage of the present invention is effectively to utilize the high-efficient operation district of electrical motor; Power failure-free during gear shift; Hill climbing ability is good; Simple in structure, adopt the dry type clutch driving efficiency high; The arrangement form that is fit to preposition rear-guard.
Automatic speed changer for machine is arranged to two gears, and purpose is exactly to improve the acceleration capability and the hill climbing ability of automobile, makes electrical motor all the time in the running of efficient district.Two-speed transmission is simple in structure, compact.
Opening on the mission case is for the Vidacare corp of gear-shifting actuating mechanism is installed.
Increasing the one-level gear is in order to prevent the interference of power-transfer clutch and output shaft.Preposition rear-guard is when up-hill journey, because of the adhesive ability on the drive wheel increases, so hill climbing ability is strong.
Power-transfer clutch arrangement form of the present invention is different with traditional power-transfer clutch, and power-transfer clutch 28 links to each other with transmission output shaft N36 through a pair of gear cluster (gear E9, gear F30).The drive part of power-transfer clutch is connected through spline with input shaft M42, and secondary part is connected with gear E9 through clutch plate hub.Power failure-free drives in the time of can realizing gear shift.
Insert one grade during starting, electrical motor 1 drives starting, and power-transfer clutch 28 combines gradually when acceleration shifting; The moment of shift sleeve T7 is all taken over, and shift sleeve T7 separates with the combination tooth of gear A 5, and one grade is moved back shelves; Power-transfer clutch 28 combines gradually fully again, so just accomplishes one grade and changes to second gear.When changing to one grade from second gear, power-transfer clutch 28 separates gradually, the rotating speed of the motor 1 that raises simultaneously, and when the rotating speed of gear A 5 and shift sleeve T7 is identical, the indented joint that combines of shift sleeve T7 and gear A 5, put in first gear, power-transfer clutch 28 separates gradually fully again then.Accomplishing second gear changes to one grade.The power failure-free that so just can realize automobile drives.Improve the accelerating ability and the dynamic property of automobile.
In addition, electrical motor 1 can forward and reversely rotate, and during reversing, put in the first speed electrical motor 1 backward rotation realizes reverse travel.
Glancing impact carries out braking energy and reclaims, and promptly mouth is former input end, i.e. electrical motor; Input end is former mouth, i.e. the rotating speed of wheel, and electrical motor becomes generating state by driving condition, and energy is from the wheel to the motor.The realization braking energy reclaims.
Advantage of the present invention is effectively to utilize the high-efficient operation district of electrical motor; Power failure-free during gear shift; Hill climbing ability is good; Simple in structure, the arrangement form of suitable preposition rear-guard.
Automatic speed changer for machine is arranged to two gears, and purpose is exactly to improve the acceleration capability and the hill climbing ability of automobile, makes electrical motor all the time in the running of efficient district.Two-speed transmission is simple in structure, compact.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is integral structure figure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the power-transfer clutch partial enlarged drawing;
Fig. 4 is the power transmission line of one grade of driving;
The power transmission line that Fig. 5 drives for second gear;
Fig. 6 is the power transmission line of one grade of braking;
Fig. 7 is the power transmission line of second gear braking;
Fig. 8 is one grade of power transmission line conversion process that changes to second gear;
Fig. 9 changes the power transmission line conversion process to a grade for second gear.
Among the figure: 1-motor, 2-rubber oil sea, 3-angular contact ball bearing I, 4-mission case, 5-gear A, 6-needle bearing, 7-shift sleeve T; The 8-sleeve, 9-gear E, 10-angular contact ball bearing II, 11-rubber oil sea, 12-power-transfer clutch execution architecture, 13-clutch-bell cover, 14-diaphragm spring; The 15-platen, 16-flywheel, 17-clutch plate, 18-damping spring, 19-clutch plate hub, 20-flange; The 21-sleeve, the rotary release thrust bearing of 24-inner ring, 25-wavy spring, 26-cutoff clutch, 27-bearing carge, 28-power-transfer clutch; 29-angular contact ball bearing III, 30-gear F, 31-flange, 32-bolt, 33-seal ring, 34-angular contact ball bearing IV; 36-transmission output shaft N, 37-gear I, 39-tween drive shaft O, 40-gear B, 41-bearing cap shim, 42-input shaft M.
The specific embodiment
Consult accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described.
Consult Fig. 1, the invention provides a kind of Power Drive Unit of the pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine.Device comprises 1, one two grades of automatic speed changer for machine of an electrical motor, a dry type clutch 28.Right and the shift sleeve T7 of the engaging gear that two grades of automatic speed changer for machine are made up of gear A 5, B40, E9, F30, I37 and input shaft M42, tween drive shaft O39 and transmission output shaft N36 form.Engaging gear is formed one grade to A5, B40, and gear mesh E9, F30 form second gear, and gear mesh F30, I37 mesh outputting power.Handle shift sleeve T7 and power-transfer clutch 28 and realize the conversion of gear.The combination indented joint or the separation of the gear A 5 of shift sleeve T7 on input shaft M42.Input shaft M42 two ends are supported in the mission case 4 through angular contact ball bearing I3.Gear A 5, E9 are enclosed within on the input shaft M42 through the needle bearing sky respectively.Gear E9 two ends are supported on respectively in mission case and the flywheel through angular contact ball bearing II.Flywheel 16 and flange 20 bolt togethers.Gear B 40 is made of one with F30 and tween drive shaft O39.The two ends of tween drive shaft O39 are supported in the mission case through angular contact ball bearing III29, and the two ends of transmission output shaft N36 are supported in the mission case through angular contact ball bearing IV34.Flange 31 is connected with transmission output shaft N36 through spline, and flange 31 ends lean on bolt 32 fixing.Coupling disengage device is formed: rotary release thrust bearing 24 skies of inner ring are enclosed within on the gear E9; Bearing carge 27 connects the outer ring of cutoff clutch 26 and the rotary release thrust bearing 24 of inner ring, and wavy spring 25 is close to the right side of the rotary release thrust bearing of inner ring 24 outer rings and the left side of bearing carge 27.The actuating unit 12 that operates the clutch promotes cutoff clutch 26 and moves axially to the right; The outer ring that cutoff clutch 26 promotes the rotary release thrust bearing 24 of inner ring; The outer ring promotes ball, promotes diaphragm spring 15 thereby ball promotes the inner ring of release thrust bearing 26, realizes the closure of power-transfer clutch 28.The clutch plate 17 of power-transfer clutch 28 is rigidly connected with gear E9 through clutch plate hub 19, and flywheel 16 is rigidly connected through spline on the flange 20 and input shaft M42, and purpose is exactly operated clutch 28 realization power failure-free drivings when gear shift.
The present invention can realize following mode of operation through two-speed transmission.
One grade of driving: consult Fig. 4, one grade when driving, a shift sleeve T7 left side combines, and power transmission line is consulted among the figure shown in the heavy line: through gear A 5, gear B 40, gear F30, gear I37, transmission output shaft N36.Electrical motor 1 can forward and reversely rotate, and realizes reverse travel during backward rotation.
Second gear drives: consult Fig. 5, when second gear drove, shift sleeve T7 is right to be combined, and power transmission line is shown in heavy line among the figure: through gear E9, gear F30, gear I37, transmission output shaft N36.
The glancing impact automobile is operated in braking mode, and wheel drive motor generating charges the battery, and divides two kinds of situation:
One grade of braking: when one grade of driving of automobile is gone, step on brake pedal and brake, power transmission line is shown in heavy line among Fig. 4: gear I37, gear F30, gear B 40, gear A 5, electrical motor 1, drive motor generating.When battery electric quantity is full of, change mechanical braking into.
The second gear braking: the automobile second gear drives when going, and steps on brake pedal and brakes, and power transmission line is shown in heavy line among Fig. 5: gear I37, gear F30, gear E9, electrical motor 1, drive motor generating.When battery electric quantity is full of, change mechanical braking into.
Gearshift procedure: when changing to second gear, need 28 combinations of completion power-transfer clutch, shift sleeve T7 to withdraw from a left side and combine by one grade.When changing to one grade, need to accomplish actions such as power-transfer clutch 28 separation, electrical motor 1 speed governing, shift sleeve T7 left side combination by second gear.Concrete action: one grade when changing to second gear such as Fig. 8, power-transfer clutch 28 combines gradually, and the moment of shift sleeve T7 is all taken over, and shift sleeve T7 separates with the combination tooth of gear A 5, and one grade is moved back shelves, and power-transfer clutch 28 is combination fully gradually again, so just accomplishes one grade and changes to second gear.When changing to one grade from second gear such as Fig. 9, power-transfer clutch 28 separates gradually, the rotating speed of the motor 1 that raises simultaneously, and when the rotating speed of gear A 5 and shift sleeve T7 is identical, the indented joint that combines of shift sleeve T7 and gear A 5, put in first gear, power-transfer clutch 28 separates fully again then.Accomplishing second gear changes to one grade.The power failure-free that so just can realize automobile drives.Improve the accelerating ability and the dynamic property of automobile.
The effect of clutch operating is to realize that in gearshift procedure power failure-free drives, and improves the dynamic property of automobile.
Can find out that from top explanation good effect of the present invention is to make full use of the high-efficient operation district of electrical motor, reduce power waste, can realize power failure-free gear shift, significantly improve hill climbing ability.

Claims (6)

1. longitudinal Power Drive Unit based on the pure electric automobile of automatic speed changer for machine; Comprise an electrical motor (1), two grades of automatic speed changer for machine, a dry type clutch (28) and the actuating unit that operates the clutch (12); It is characterized in that: said two grades of automatic speed changer for machine comprise: sky is enclosed within gear A (5) and gear E (9) on the input shaft M (42), is connected in gear E (9) and the gear F (30) on the tween drive shaft O (39) and is connected in the gear I (37) on the transmission output shaft N (36); Gear A (5), gear B (40) are formed one grade of gear mesh; It is right that gear E (9), gear F (30) form second speed gear, and gear F (30), gear I (37) mesh outputting power; Said input shaft M (42) one ends are driven by electrical motor (1); Said power-transfer clutch (28) is contained in the other end of input shaft M (42) through gear E (9); And realize to separate and closed through the actuating unit that operates the clutch (12), be installed in the combination indented joint of shift sleeve T (7) and gear A (5) on the input shaft M (42) or separate the conversion that realizes gear through manipulation.
2. the longitudinal Power Drive Unit of a kind of pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said input shaft M (42) two ends are supported in the mission case (4) through angular contact ball bearing I (3); Gear A (5), E (9) are enclosed within on the input shaft M (42) through the needle bearing sky respectively, and gear E (9) two ends are supported on respectively in mission case (4) and the flywheel (16) through angular contact ball bearing II (10).
3. the longitudinal Power Drive Unit of a kind of pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said flywheel (16) and flange (20) bolt together; Gear B (40) and gear F (30) and tween drive shaft O (39) are made of one; The two ends of tween drive shaft O (39) are supported in the mission case (4) through angular contact ball bearing III (29), and the two ends of transmission output shaft N (36) are supported in the mission case (4) through angular contact ball bearing IV (34).
4. the longitudinal Power Drive Unit of a kind of pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said power-transfer clutch (28) also comprises coupling disengage device; Its structure is: the rotary release thrust bearing of inner ring (24) sky is enclosed within on the gear E (9); Bearing carge (27) connects the outer ring of cutoff clutch (26) and the rotary release thrust bearing of inner ring (24), and wavy spring (25) is close to the right side of the rotary release thrust bearing of inner ring (24) outer ring and the left side of bearing carge (27), and the actuating unit that operates the clutch (12) promotes cutoff clutch (26) and moves axially to the right; Cutoff clutch (26) promotes the outer ring of the rotary release thrust bearing of inner ring (24); The outer ring promotes ball, ball promote the rotary release thrust bearing of inner ring (24) thus inner ring promote diaphragm spring (15), realize the closure of power-transfer clutch (28).
5. the longitudinal Power Drive Unit of a kind of pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the clutch plate (17) of said power-transfer clutch (28) is rigidly connected with gear E (9) through clutch plate hub (19); Flywheel (16) is rigidly connected through spline on the flange (20) and input shaft M (42), and its effect is that operated clutch when gear shift (28) realizes that power failure-free drives.
6. the longitudinal Power Drive Unit of a kind of pure electric automobile based on automatic speed changer for machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the end of said transmission output shaft N (36) is connected with flange (31) through spline, and flange (31) end is fixing with bolt (32).
CN2012101850540A 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Vertical power-driven device for pure electric vehicle based on mechanical automatic transmission Pending CN102700409A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101850540A CN102700409A (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Vertical power-driven device for pure electric vehicle based on mechanical automatic transmission

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101850540A CN102700409A (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Vertical power-driven device for pure electric vehicle based on mechanical automatic transmission

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104776201A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-15 吉林大学 Three-gear driving device for electric vehicle and shifting control method thereof
CN104930133A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-09-23 江苏南车电机有限公司 Automatic shift decelerator for electrocar
CN111749989A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-09 菏泽敦茂机械设备有限公司 Automobile bearing manufacturing equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006022879A (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-26 Gkn ドライブライン トルクテクノロジー株式会社 Electric motor drive mechanism
CN101354076A (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-28 Jcb转播公司 Vehicle transmission
CN201739374U (en) * 2010-07-19 2011-02-09 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Pull type clutch and automobile with pull type clutch
CN102171486A (en) * 2008-10-06 2011-08-31 Ntn株式会社 Electric motor driving device
CN201992007U (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-09-28 天津阿尔特汽车技术有限公司 Two-gear automatic transmission of electric vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006022879A (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-26 Gkn ドライブライン トルクテクノロジー株式会社 Electric motor drive mechanism
CN101354076A (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-28 Jcb转播公司 Vehicle transmission
CN102171486A (en) * 2008-10-06 2011-08-31 Ntn株式会社 Electric motor driving device
CN201739374U (en) * 2010-07-19 2011-02-09 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Pull type clutch and automobile with pull type clutch
CN201992007U (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-09-28 天津阿尔特汽车技术有限公司 Two-gear automatic transmission of electric vehicle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104776201A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-15 吉林大学 Three-gear driving device for electric vehicle and shifting control method thereof
CN104930133A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-09-23 江苏南车电机有限公司 Automatic shift decelerator for electrocar
CN111749989A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-09 菏泽敦茂机械设备有限公司 Automobile bearing manufacturing equipment

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Application publication date: 20121003