CN102696866B - Preparation method of cassava residue complete biochemical feed for sheep - Google Patents

Preparation method of cassava residue complete biochemical feed for sheep Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102696866B
CN102696866B CN201210170534.XA CN201210170534A CN102696866B CN 102696866 B CN102696866 B CN 102696866B CN 201210170534 A CN201210170534 A CN 201210170534A CN 102696866 B CN102696866 B CN 102696866B
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China
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sheep
feed
salt
biological feed
comprehesive
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CN201210170534.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102696866A (en
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王东劲
杨劲松
李开绵
周汉林
谭海生
蔡义民
叶剑秋
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中国热带农业科学院热带作物品种资源研究所
海南大学
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Priority to CN201210170534.XA priority Critical patent/CN102696866B/en
Publication of CN102696866A publication Critical patent/CN102696866A/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of stock feed and relates to a preparation method of cassava residue complete biochemical feed for sheep. According to the preparation method, fresh cassava residues, sheep fine feed, grass meal, molasses, calcium hydrophosphate, microbial stains and table salt are uniformly mixed to obtain mixing materials, the moisture content in the mixing materials is controlled to be 40 percent to 50 percent, then, the anaerobic airtight fermentation is carried out for more than five days, and the cassava residue complete biochemical feed for sheep is obtained. The preparation method has the advantages that according to the sheep growth and development requirements, raw materials including the fresh cassava residues are used as major feed raw materials, the sheep fine feed, the grass meal and the like are scientifically prepared, the process is simple, the cost is low, the obtained feed can inhabit the propagation of digestive tract pathogens, the sheep immunity is improved, the palatability and the digestive absorption of the cassava residues are improved, the problem of feed shortage of captive breeding sheep is solved, and the complete biochemical feed belongs to the sheep complete high-quality feed with a health care function.

Description

The preparation method of Comprehesive biological feed for a kind of manioc waste sheep
Technical field
The invention belongs to animal feeding-stuff field, relate to the preparation method of Comprehesive biological feed for a kind of sheep, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method who uses Comprehesive biological feed with raw material production sheep such as manioc waste, sheep concentrated feed and grass meals.
Background technology
Region, China cassava producing region is wide, and all there is plantation in the provinces such as Hainan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian.More than 1,000 ten thousand tons, cassava is produced in the whole nation per year.At present, cassava is mainly used in producing starch, has a large amount of manioc wastes residual after production, with dry in respect of 300,000 tons of left and right.Manioc waste is the discarded object in cassava processing, and price is very cheap.Manioc waste main component is cellulose, hemicellulose, a small amount of starch and protein, and its nutritional labeling is lower, and trophic component is incomplete, is directly used for feeding livestock and poultry effect bad, and therefore most manioc waste is not fully utilized.Only have at present fraction manioc waste for the production of alcohol, major part abandon in nature, not only cause the wasting of resources, but also serious environment pollution.
In recent years, along with socioeconomic development, the raising of China's living standard of urban and rural population level and the in-depth to mutton nutritive value understanding, people, in the situation that having the ability to buy enough meat proteins, have occurred advocating that consumption is delicious, of fine quality, the tendency of the mutton of safety, health care.Mutton is not only high, lean containing protein, and cholesterol level is low, nutritious, has fresh and tender succulence, taste good, and digestible feature, and be the natural health care that meets modern consumption idea, its consumption figure constantly increases.Hainan black goat belongs to the famous-brand and high-quality kind in Hainan Province, and Hainan black goat meat is delicate, and without raw meat, without having a strong smell, the thin meat of skin is thick, smooth fresh and tender, protein is high, lean, and cholesterol level is low, nutritious, have fresh and tender succulence, taste good, digestible feature, is subject to consumers in general's favor deeply.More than 930,000 of Hainan the whole province existing hurdle black goat, far can not satisfy the demands of consumers, and black goat cultivation in Hainan has a extensive future.
At present, in Hainan black goat scale barn feeding cultivation (stable breeding), feed shortage is the matter of utmost importance of its development of restriction.The forage grass of sheep raising is mainly derived from tame herbage, or from the shrub forage of field acquisition, there is like this problem of following several respects: once being Hainan, the soil that is suitable for high-yield culture herbage is all generally good arable land, from comparative effectiveness, plant careless benefit lower, high for kind of careless cost, and waste land resource; The 2nd, owing to being subject to spring, summer, autumn and winter seasonal effect, forage yield is unbalanced the whole year, cause sheep field forage grass year-round supply unbalanced, has restricted the development that industry is supported in scale, standardization sheep; The 3rd, Various Seasonal, different harvest time, Grass Quality differs, and will cause a sheep nutritional deficiency or residue, is unfavorable for sheep only growing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide for the deficiencies in the prior art the preparation method of a kind of manioc waste sheep with Comprehesive biological feed, according to the sheep needs that grow, the manioc waste of discarding of take is primary raw material, carry out science preparation with raw materials such as sheep concentrated feed and grass meals, and be added with beneficial microorganism, technique is simple, cost is low, the feed obtaining through the method, when improving the palatability of manioc waste and digestibility, meet again the nutritional need that sheep only grows, turn waste into wealth, use safety, feeding effect is good, solved the problem of black goat feed shortage, promote sheep husbandry industrialized development.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention:
The preparation method of Comprehesive biological feed for a kind of manioc waste sheep, that fresh cassava slag, sheep concentrated feed, grass meal, molasses, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, microorganism fungus kind and salt are mixed to obtain to compound, in compound, moisture is controlled at 40%~50%, then anaerobism sealed fermenting more than 5 days, obtains manioc waste sheep Comprehesive biological feed; In compound, the content of each component is by weight percentage: fresh cassava slag 40~60%, sheep concentrated feed 20~50%, grass meal 20~30%, molasses 1~3%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.0~2.0%, microorganism fungus kind 1%, salt 0.3~0.6%, one of the degree sum of each component is percentage hundred.Described sheep concentrated feed is by corn flour, tapioca starch, bean cake powder, groundnut meal, rapeseed dregs powder, brewer's yeast, wheatfeed, rice bran, salt, oyster shell whiting, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and sheep premix mix, wherein the weight percent content of each component is: corn flour 20~50%, tapioca starch 5~30%, bean cake powder 10~20%, groundnut meal 5~15%, rapeseed dregs powder 1~8%, brewer's yeast 5~15%, wheatfeed 10~20%, rice bran 10~20%, salt 0.3~0.6%, oyster shell whiting 0~2%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1~2%, sheep premix 4%, one of the degree sum of each component is percentage hundred.Described grass meal is by the edible forage crushed after being dried powdered of sheep.Described microorganism fungus kind is a kind of in lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete or bacillus.
The production method of Comprehesive biological feed provided by the present invention is through sealed fermenting, and the lactic acid bacteria of generation can be improved the immunity of animal, and the lactic acid that calcium monohydrogen phosphate produces with lactic acid bacteria is combined generation and is easy to the calcium lactate of animal body absorption, is conducive to the growth of animal.Gained sheep is as follows by the key technical indexes of Comprehesive biological feed: crude protein content 12%~16%, crude fibre 14%~18%, metabolizable energy 10~12 MJ/kg, calcium 0.7%~0.8%, pH≤4.0.
In the present invention, the sheep that above-mentioned preparation method obtains when feeding, can be added sodium acid carbonate with Comprehesive biological feed in 0.5%~1% ratio of biological feedstuff weight, for and feed in acid, increase the palatability of feed.
The present invention is according to the sheep needs that grow, the fresh cassava slag of discarding of take is main feedstuff, carry out science preparation with other raw material, technique is simple, and cost is low, the feed obtaining meets again the nutritional need that sheep only grows when improving the palatability of manioc waste and digestibility, use safety, feeding effect is good, has solved the problem of black goat feed shortage, promoting sheep husbandry industrialized development, is a kind of sheep full price high-quality feed of tool health care.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples are used for illustrating the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
Embodiment mono-
By the grass meal of the edible forage crushed after being dried powdered of sheep.Corn flour 35kg, tapioca starch 10kg, bean cake powder 11kg, groundnut meal 7kg, rapeseed dregs powder 4kg, wheatfeed 15kg, brewer's yeast 12 kg, salt 0.5kg, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5kg, oyster shell whiting 0.5kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.5kg and sheep premix 4kg are mixed and obtain sheep concentrated feed.
Get fresh cassava slag 50kg, sheep concentrated feed 25kg, grass meal 26kg, molasses 1kg, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 2kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.5, lactic acid bacteria 1kg and salt 0.5kg and mix to obtain compound, in compound, moisture is controlled at 40%~50%, then anaerobism sealed fermenting more than 5 days, obtains manioc waste sheep Comprehesive biological feed.
The key technical indexes of this product is as follows:
Digestible energy 9.52MJ/kg, crude protein content 12.11%, crude fibre 13.69%, calcium 0.97%, phosphorus 0.74%, pH≤4.0.
Embodiment bis-
By the grass meal of the edible forage crushed after being dried powdered of sheep.Corn flour 35kg, tapioca starch 10kg, bean cake powder 11kg, groundnut meal 7kg, rapeseed dregs powder 4kg, wheatfeed 12kg, brewer's yeast 15 kg, salt 0.5kg, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5kg, oyster shell whiting 0.5kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.5kg and sheep premix 4kg are mixed and obtain sheep concentrated feed.
Get fresh cassava slag 46kg, sheep concentrated feed 29kg, grass meal 22kg, molasses 1kg, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 2kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.5, saccharomycete 1kg and salt 0.5kg and mix to obtain compound, in compound, moisture is controlled at 40%~50%, then anaerobism sealed fermenting more than 5 days, obtains manioc waste sheep Comprehesive biological feed.
The key technical indexes of this product is as follows:
Digestible energy 9.76MJ/kg, crude protein content 13.42%, crude fibre 12.24%, calcium 0.99%, phosphorus 0.78%, pH≤4.0.
Embodiment tri-
By the grass meal of the edible forage crushed after being dried powdered of sheep.Corn flour 35kg, tapioca starch 5kg, bean cake powder 15kg, groundnut meal 8kg, rapeseed dregs powder 4kg, wheatfeed 12kg, brewer's yeast 15 kg, salt 0.5kg, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5kg, oyster shell whiting 0.5kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.5kg and sheep premix 4kg are mixed and obtain sheep concentrated feed.
Get fresh cassava slag 40kg, sheep concentrated feed 32kg, grass meal 20kg, molasses 1kg, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 2kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.5, bacillus 1kg and salt 0.5kg and mix to obtain compound, in compound, moisture is controlled at 40%~50%, then anaerobism sealed fermenting more than 5 days, obtains manioc waste sheep Comprehesive biological feed.
The key technical indexes of this product is as follows:
Digestible energy 9.87MJ/kg, crude protein content 14.92%, crude fibre 11.23%, calcium 0.99%, phosphorus 0.83%, pH≤4.0.
Manioc waste Comprehesive biological feed feeding experiment:
Feeding experiment is established 4 groups, every group of 8 sheep, 3 groups manioc waste Comprehesive biological feed of feeding wherein, 1 control group, the sheep field of feeding is former in sheep feed (control group fine fodder proportioning is: 40% corn, 20% cassava, 10% rice bran, 10% dregs of beans, 6% peanut cake, 8% brewer's yeast, 1% salt, 1% vegetable oil and 4% premix), test 1 group of every sheep and within average day, feed embodiment 1 manioc waste Comprehesive biological feed, 1.2 kilograms of daily rations; Test 2 groups of every sheep and within average day, feed embodiment 2 manioc waste Comprehesive biological feeds, 1.4 kilograms of daily rations; Test 3 groups of every sheep and within average day, feed embodiment 3 manioc waste Comprehesive biological feeds, 1.55 kilograms of daily rations; It is former in 500 grams, sheep feed, fresh careless 2 kilograms that every sheep of control group feeds sheep field for average day.Daily ration is thrown something and fed every day at twice, and the time is morning every day during 9:00 and afternoon during 4:00, freely drinks water.
7 days preliminary trial periods,, preliminary trial period, is progressively transformed into manioc waste Comprehesive biological daily ration by former with daily ration, induction sheep only search for food reach normal amount (1 kilogram/day. only /) more than; In daily ration, add AVM, the sheep of participating in the experiment is only carried out to expelling parasite, be used in conjunction 5 days, add the stomach invigorating of compound herba houttuyniae Chinese herb feed additive simultaneously; Just trying 60 days phases, stop on October 14, in 2010 on September 16, to 2010, respectively at weighing on an empty stomach in September 16 and morning November 15, and off-test on November 15.
Table 1 is embodiment 1, embodiment 2, embodiment 3 and control group (sheep field tradition fine fodder) feeding experiment result.As can be seen from the table, along with the increase of sheep with concentrated feed consumption in Comprehesive biological feed, the corresponding increase of daily gain of sheep, embodiment 3 can save the weightening finish level that fresh grass reaches control group.
Table 1 manioc waste Comprehesive biological feed feeding experiment result
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, do not departing under the prerequisite of the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. the preparation method of Comprehesive biological feed for a manioc waste sheep, it is characterized in that fresh cassava slag, sheep concentrated feed, grass meal, molasses, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, microorganism fungus kind and salt to mix to obtain compound, in compound, moisture is controlled at 40%~50%, then anaerobism sealed fermenting more than 5 days, obtains manioc waste sheep Comprehesive biological feed, in compound, the content of each component is by weight percentage: fresh cassava slag 40~60%, sheep concentrated feed 20~50%, grass meal 20~30%, molasses 1~3%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.0~2.0%, microorganism fungus kind 1%, salt 0.3~0.6%, one of the degree sum of each component is percentage hundred, and described microorganism fungus kind is a kind of in lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete or bacillus, described sheep concentrated feed is by corn flour, tapioca starch, bean cake powder, groundnut meal, rapeseed dregs powder, brewer's yeast, wheatfeed, rice bran, salt, oyster shell whiting, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and sheep premix mix, wherein the weight percent content of each component is: corn flour 20~50%, tapioca starch 5~30%, bean cake powder 10~20%, groundnut meal 5~15%, rapeseed dregs powder 1~8%, brewer's yeast 5~15%, wheatfeed 10~20%, rice bran 10~20%, salt 0.3~0.6%, oyster shell whiting 0~2%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1~2%, sheep premix 4%, one of the degree sum of each component is percentage hundred, the consumption of described oyster shell whiting is non-vanishing, described grass meal is by the edible forage crushed after being dried powdered of sheep.
2. the sheep Comprehesive biological feed that a manioc waste sheep as claimed in claim 1 obtains by the preparation method of Comprehesive biological feed.
3. sheep Comprehesive biological feed according to claim 2, is characterized in that: sheep with in Comprehesive biological feed by sheep 0.5%~1% the ratio interpolation sodium acid carbonate by Comprehesive biological feed weight.
CN201210170534.XA 2012-05-29 2012-05-29 Preparation method of cassava residue complete biochemical feed for sheep CN102696866B (en)

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CN103250910A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-08-21 赵祖思 Pig raising feed and preparation method thereof
CN104322897A (en) * 2013-12-01 2015-02-04 黄小莲 Sheep feed and preparation method thereof
CN103859206A (en) * 2013-12-22 2014-06-18 罗生芳 Mixed feed formula for black goat
CN104054967A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-24 中国热带农业科学院热带作物品种资源研究所 Biological feed for sheep and preparation method thereof
KR101498069B1 (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-03 남문식 Feed pellet and it's manufacturing process by using tapioca residue
CN104431603A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-03-25 山东圣琪生物有限公司 Sweet potato residue fermented feed for milking rabbits
CN105029046B (en) * 2015-07-30 2018-05-04 南京农业大学 A kind of sheep fattening feed
CN105124230A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-09 谢向萌 Taihu sheep feed and production method thereof
CN105341323A (en) * 2015-09-24 2016-02-24 季维峰 Solid phase dual-dynamic enzymolysis fermentation technology for feed raw materials
CN105192436A (en) * 2015-11-04 2015-12-30 黄素梅 Sheep feed with manioc waste as main material
CN105614069A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-06-01 广州柏涵琦农业科技有限公司 Cassava residue bio-polypeptide fertilizer additive and preparation method thereof
CN106858078A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-20 张居满 A kind of sheep feed of absorption easy to digest and preparation method thereof
CN106615675A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 蔺菲 Potato dreg mixed fermented feed and preparation method
CN106721019A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 张居满 It is a kind of to promote feed of sheep ruminal digestion and preparation method thereof

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CN102138635A (en) * 2010-01-28 2011-08-03 覃继旺 Method for preparing cassava dreg ferment mixed feed for feeding poultry and livestock
CN102125169B (en) * 2011-01-06 2012-09-05 宜春强微生物科技有限公司 Dreg feed leaven and application thereof
CN102210386B (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-10-10 陈跃辉 Manioc waste biological feed additive for pigs and preparation method thereof

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