CN102696839A - Method for processing eucommia staminatus flower tea - Google Patents

Method for processing eucommia staminatus flower tea Download PDF

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CN102696839A
CN102696839A CN2012102281570A CN201210228157A CN102696839A CN 102696839 A CN102696839 A CN 102696839A CN 2012102281570 A CN2012102281570 A CN 2012102281570A CN 201210228157 A CN201210228157 A CN 201210228157A CN 102696839 A CN102696839 A CN 102696839A
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male flower
eucommia
tea
staminatus
flower
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CN2012102281570A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102696839B (en
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杜红岩
李芳东
杜兰英
孙志强
李福海
傅建敏
刘攀峰
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国家林业局泡桐研究开发中心
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for processing a eucommia staminatus flower tea, which comprises: step 1, the stamen of the fresh eucommia staminatus flower is picked during the full-bloom stage of the eucommia staminatus flower in every spring; step 2, the selected eucommia staminatus flower is put into a freeze drier, frozen and dried until the water content reaches 5-15%; step 3, the frozen and dried eucommia staminatus flower is subjected to de-enzyming, the temperature of a de-enzyming pan is 90-130 DEG C, and the de-enzyming time is maintained for 1-1.5 minutes; and step 4, low temperature forced air drying is carried out, the drying temperature is 45 DEG C-65 DEG C, the low temperature forced air drying is maintained for 10-30 minutes, a screen of 20-80 meshes is used to remove the broken eucommia staminatus flower smalls, namely the eucommia staminatus flower tea can be produced. The method for processing the eucommia staminatus flower tea can remove the water of the eucommia staminatus flower, the original nutritional ingredients of the eucommia staminatus flower are maintained, the water content of the dried eucommia staminatus flower is very low, so the precious eucommia staminatus flower resources can be more effectively utilized.

Description

A kind of processing method of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea
Technical field
The present invention relates to human lives's drink, relate in particular to the processing method of a kind of processing method of health protecting tea, particularly a kind of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
Background technology
The bark of eucommia is the distinctive famous and precious medicinal xylophyta of China, and male flower is very precious medicinal and pollen resource.Eucommia Bark male flower contains abundant nutrition and active component, and wherein amino acid content reaches more than 22 %, also contains abundant zinc, iron, manganese, copper, selenium and other trace elements, has higher nutritive value.Contain simultaneously protect the liver, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory and prevent and treat plain type of lignanoids, iridoids, phenylpropyl alcohol, flavones and other terpenoids etc. of blood circulation disorder property disease, anti-oxidant, the anti-ageing composition vitamin C and the vitamin E of high level.1998, the inventor utilized the eucommia Bark male flower resource, develops eucommia ulmoides male flower tea, and had applied for that the patent No. is the Chinese patent of CN1073364C.After eucommia ulmoides male flower tea is succeeded in developing, for the market development of health protection tea a new road.Be after the functional food such as " eucommia ulmoides male flower teas " of raw material production is put on market with the eucommia Bark male flower; Received consumer's popular welcome; And bark of eucommia experts' such as domestic colleague expert and Japan, the U.S. general favorable comment, think that succeeding in developing of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea is the important breakthrough of health care teas.Therefore, no matter from integral body taste and product quality, the domestic and abroad market prospect of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea is all very wide.
But eucommia ulmoides male flower tea has run into the inequality of being heated in manufacturing process, and inhomogeneous, the nutritional labeling of completing is damaged, and after pollen scatters, bubbles out problems such as the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea that comes is black.Number of patent application CN102178007 A, the production stage that name is called " a kind of method of producing eucommia ulmoides male flower tea " choose eucommia Bark male flower → airing → knead shaping → quick-frozen → vacuum drying → complete and urge that perfume (or spice) → cooling → eucommia ulmoides male flower tea sieves.Adopt the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea of this method preparation to be superior to common preparation of tea method now.But its operation is first airing, kneads moulding vacuum drying again that eucommia ulmoides male flower tea color and taste that such operation is produced are all general.Eucommia Bark male flower will gently be adopted in gatherer process, and the stamen of as far as possible not damaging is adopted more and can not be kneaded.Damage behind the stamen, pollen can shed from pollen tube, fries in the tea process and can produce a lot of black powders, is burned easily.Bubble out the tea blackout of coming, burning is arranged.Knead the aldehydes matter that can make in the male flower and separate out, aldehydes matter is oxidizing brown stain very easily, makes the eucommia Bark male flower blackening, loses commodity value.Eucommia Bark male flower was exactly aciculiform originally, and fine seeing adopted and just kneaded yielding blackening and become broken, makes eucommia Bark male flower lose its distinctive morphological character.To above problem, the inventor works out a kind of new method for processing of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea through concentrating on studies for many years, for the space has been expanded in the exploitation of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is outstanding problems such as inhomogeneous to completing in the above-mentioned eucommia ulmoides male flower tea process, that nutritional labeling is damaged, the processing method of a kind of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea that works out.This method is after the male flower of the bark of eucommia is gathered; Utilize the ultralow temperature dry technology; Remove the moisture of eucommia Bark male flower in short time, kept eucommia Bark male flower original nutrition composition, dried eucommia Bark male flower water content is extremely low; Be convenient to processing, precious eucommia Bark male flower resource can be accessed more effectively utilize.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of processing method of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea, it may further comprise the steps:
The first step, at the annual full-bloom stage that spring, eucommia Bark male flower was bloomed, gather the stamen of fresh eucommia Bark male flower, remove impurity such as holder, sepal, only stay the stamen of a needle-like; Will gently adopt in the gatherer process, the stamen of can not damaging more can not be kneaded;
Second step, selected eucommia Bark male flower is put into freeze drier, the freeze drying condition: vacuum is 5 ~ 15Pa, temperature-40 ℃ ~-100 ℃, and 4 ~ 20 hours time, water content reaches 5 ~ 15%;
The 3rd step, to completing through cryodesiccated eucommia Bark male flower, 90 ℃ ~ 130 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing make the temperature of spending of eucommia Bark male flower in 0.5 ~ 1 minute, reach 80 ℃ ~ 100 ℃, keep fixation time 1 ~ 1.5 minute, water content reaches below 5%;
The 4th goes on foot, carries out the low temperature forced air drying handles, and 45 ℃ ~ 65 ℃ of its baking temperatures keep low temperature forced air drying 10 ~ 30 minutes, cross 20 ~ 80 purpose sieves, remove broken male flower smalls, can be processed into eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
Further, described freeze drying condition: vacuum is 10 ~ 15Pa, temperature-40 ℃ ~-60 ℃.
Further, described sublimation drying is 18 ~ 20h.
Further, described 90 ℃ ~ 110 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing.
Further, time of completing of described maintenance is 1 minute.
Good effect of the present invention is:
1, through enforcement of the present invention, can remove the moisture of eucommia Bark male flower at short notice, kept eucommia Bark male flower original nutrition composition, dried eucommia Bark male flower water content is extremely low, is convenient to processing, precious eucommia Bark male flower resource can be accessed more effectively utilize.
2, the eucommia Bark male flower camellia type produced of production method of the present invention is complete, and yield rate is high, and color is dirty-green, and the back soup look of infusing tea is a yellow green, and bright instant, flavour is dense and tasty and refreshing, and fragrance is unique lasting, and aftertaste is sweet, unique flavor.
3, because eucommia Bark male flower conventional method fresh keeping time is limited,, prolonged the fresh keeping time of eucommia Bark male flower, delayed the pressure that concentrated male flower completes through the vacuum and low temperature freeze drying.
4, through production method of the present invention, can effectively keep the active ingredient of eucommia Bark male flower, amino acid content is 22.34% ~ 22.69% in the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea, aucubin content is 0.55% ~ 0.58%, V CContent is 32.0 ~ 33.5 mg/100g; And Comparative Examples eucommia ulmoides male flower tea amino acid content is 21.47%, and aucubin content is 0.41%, V CContent is 25.5 mg/100g.Aucubin is met high temperature and is very easily degraded; Along with temperature rising content obviously reduces, the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea pot temperature that completes is 200 ℃ ~ 260 ℃ in the Comparative Examples, complete 90 ℃ ~ 130 ℃ of pot temperatures of the inventive method; Temperature obviously reduces; Aucubin content obviously raises, and fact proved, the inventive method has kept the active ingredient in the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea to greatest extent.
5, the moisture in the strict control step in the production method of the present invention, and remove and knead step has overcome pollen and has shed from pollen tube, fries and produces a lot of black powders in the tea process, phenomenon such as be burned easily.Knead the aldehydes matter that can make in the male flower and separate out, aldehydes matter is oxidizing brown stain very easily, makes the eucommia Bark male flower blackening, loses commodity value.
The specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is done further detailed description.
Embodiment 1
A kind of processing method of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea, it may further comprise the steps:
The first step, at the annual full-bloom stage that spring, eucommia Bark male flower was bloomed, gathers the stamen of fresh eucommia Bark male flower, impurity such as removal holder, sepal only stay the stamen of a needle-like; Will gently adopt in the gatherer process, the stamen of can not damaging more can not be kneaded;
Second step, selected eucommia Bark male flower is put into freeze drier, the freeze drying condition: vacuum is 5Pa, temperature-60 ℃, and 20 hours time, the eucommia Bark male flower water content after the freeze drying reaches 12%;
The 3rd step, to completing through cryodesiccated eucommia Bark male flower, 90 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing make the temperature of spending of eucommia Bark male flower in 0.5 minute, reach 80 ℃, keep fixation time 1.5 minutes, the eucommia Bark male flower water content after completing reaches 5%;
The 4th goes on foot, carries out the low temperature forced air drying handles, and 45 ℃ of its baking temperatures keep low temperature forced air drying 30 minutes, cross 20 purpose sieves, remove broken male flower smalls, can be processed into eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
The eucommia Bark male flower camellia type of producing is complete, the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea dirty-green, and the back soup look of infusing tea is a yellow green, and bright instant, flavour is dense and tasty and refreshing, and fragrance is unique lasting, and aftertaste is sweet.Kept the aromatic substance in the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea to greatest extent.
Embodiment 2
A kind of processing method of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea, it may further comprise the steps:
The first step, at the annual full-bloom stage that spring, eucommia Bark male flower was bloomed, gather the stamen of fresh eucommia Bark male flower, remove impurity such as holder, sepal, only stay the stamen of a needle-like; Will gently adopt in the gatherer process, the stamen of can not damaging more can not be kneaded;
Second step, selected eucommia Bark male flower is put into freeze drier, the freeze drying condition: vacuum is 10Pa, temperature-50 ℃, and 18 hours time, the eucommia Bark male flower water content after the freeze drying reaches 10%;
The 3rd step, to completing through cryodesiccated eucommia Bark male flower, 130 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing make the temperature of spending of eucommia Bark male flower in 1 minute, reach 100 ℃, keep fixation time 1 minute, the eucommia Bark male flower water content after completing reaches 3%;
The 4th goes on foot, carries out the low temperature forced air drying handles, and 65 ℃ of its baking temperatures keep low temperature forced air drying 20 minutes, cross 50 purpose sieves, remove broken male flower smalls, can be processed into eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
The eucommia Bark male flower camellia type of producing is complete, the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea dirty-green, and the back soup look of infusing tea is a yellow green, and bright instant, flavour is dense and tasty and refreshing, and fragrance is unique lasting, and aftertaste is sweet, has kept the aromatic substance in the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea to greatest extent.
Embodiment 3
A kind of processing method of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea, it may further comprise the steps:
The first step, at the annual full-bloom stage that spring, eucommia Bark male flower was bloomed, gather the stamen of fresh eucommia Bark male flower, remove impurity such as holder, sepal, only stay the stamen of a needle-like; Will gently adopt in the gatherer process, the stamen of can not damaging more can not be kneaded;
Second step, selected eucommia Bark male flower is put into freeze drier, the freeze drying condition: vacuum is 12Pa, temperature-60 ℃, and 15 hours time, the eucommia Bark male flower water content after the freeze drying reaches 8%;
The 3rd step, to completing through cryodesiccated eucommia Bark male flower, 110 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing make the temperature of spending of eucommia Bark male flower in 1 minute, reach 90 ℃, keep fixation time 1.5 minutes, the eucommia Bark male flower water content after completing reaches 4%;
The 4th goes on foot, carries out the low temperature forced air drying handles, and 55 ℃ of its baking temperatures keep low temperature forced air drying 20 minutes, cross 40 purpose sieves, remove broken male flower smalls, can be processed into eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
The eucommia Bark male flower camellia type of producing is complete, the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea dirty-green, and the back soup look of infusing tea is a yellow green, and bright instant, flavour is dense and tasty and refreshing, and fragrance is unique lasting, and aftertaste is sweet.Kept the aromatic substance in the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea to greatest extent.
Comparative Examples
The processing technology of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea is at the annual full-bloom stage that spring, eucommia Bark male flower was bloomed, and gathers fresh eucommia Bark male flower and processes.After eucommia Bark male flower is gathered, remove impurity, be placed on aeration-drying place airing 24~48 hours, when the moisture of eucommia Bark male flower reached 65%~75%, processing completed.200 ℃~260 ℃ of the pot temperature that completes make Hua Wen in 0.5~1.5 minute, reach 80 ℃~100 ℃, keep fixation time 1.5~2.5 minutes; Kneaded after completing 0.5~1 minute; Carry out the low temperature forced air drying then and handle, its baking temperature is 45 ℃~65 ℃, keeps low temperature forced air drying 60~120 minutes, crosses 40 purpose sieves, removes broken male flower smalls, can be processed into eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
1, eucommia ulmoides male flower tea yield rate contrast of the present invention
Eucommia ulmoides male flower tea yield rate=(the male flower smalls amount of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea total amount-fragmentation)/eucommia ulmoides male flower tea total amount * 100%.
The contrast of table 1 eucommia ulmoides male flower tea yield rate
Numbering Instance 1 Instance 2 Instance 3 Comparative Examples
Eucommia ulmoides male flower tea yield rate (%) 93.8 95.2 94.5 90.4
2, eucommia ulmoides male flower tea nutrient component determining of the present invention
Vitamin C (V C), vitamin E (V E), Cobastab 1(V B1), Cobastab 2(V B2) Cobastab 6(V B6), vitamin K 1(V K1) and general flavone according to [Du Hongyan etc. the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea Determination of nutritional components is analyzed. Sino-South African Forestry University of Science and Technology's journal, 2007,27 (6): 88 ~ 91] method measure.Geniposidic acid, chlorogenic acid and aucubin according to [Li Qin .HPLC method is measured Geniposidic acid, chlorogenic acid and geniposide in eucommia Bark male flower and the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea. Chinese herbal medicine, 2009,40 (1): 71 ~ 73] method mensuration, concrete outcome is seen table 2.
 
The contrast of table 2 eucommia ulmoides male flower tea nutritional labeling
Can know by above data, processing method of the present invention, one side can effectively keep the active ingredient of eucommia Bark male flower, and amino acid content is 22.34% ~ 22.69% in the eucommia ulmoides male flower tea, and aucubin content is 0.55% ~ 0.58%, V CContent is 32.0 ~ 33.5 mg/100g; And reference examples eucommia ulmoides male flower tea amino acid content is 21.47%, and aucubin content is 0.41%, V CContent is 25.5 mg/100g; Can avoid on the other hand damaging behind the stamen, pollen sheds from pollen tube, fries and produces a lot of black powders in the tea process; Be burned easily, bubble out the tea blackout of coming, burning is arranged and knead the aldehydes matter that can make in the male flower and separate out; Aldehydes matter is oxidizing brown stain very easily; Make the eucommia Bark male flower blackening, lose problems such as commodity value, improved the ratio defective product of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.

Claims (6)

1. the processing method of an eucommia ulmoides male flower tea is characterized in that, it may further comprise the steps:
The first step, at the annual full-bloom stage that spring, eucommia Bark male flower was bloomed, gather the stamen of fresh eucommia Bark male flower, remove impurity such as holder, sepal, only stay the stamen of a needle-like, to gently adopt in the gatherer process, the stamen of can not damaging more can not be kneaded;
Second step, selected eucommia Bark male flower is put into freeze drier, the freeze drying condition: vacuum is 5 ~ 15Pa, temperature-40 ℃ ~-100 ℃, and 4 ~ 20 hours time, water content reaches 5 ~ 15%;
The 3rd step, to completing through cryodesiccated eucommia Bark male flower, 90 ℃ ~ 130 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing make the temperature of spending of eucommia Bark male flower in 0.5 ~ 1 minute, reach 80 ℃ ~ 100 ℃, keep fixation time 1 ~ 1.5 minute, water content reaches below 5%;
The 4th goes on foot, carries out the low temperature forced air drying handles, and 45 ℃ ~ 65 ℃ of its baking temperatures keep low temperature forced air drying 10 ~ 30 minutes, cross 20 ~ 80 purpose sieves, remove broken male flower smalls, can be processed into eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
2. the processing method of a kind of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described freeze drying condition: vacuum is 10 ~ 15Pa, temperature-40 ℃ ~-60 ℃.
3. the processing method of a kind of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sublimation drying is 18 ~ 20h.
4. the processing method of a kind of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described 90 ℃ ~ 110 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing.
5. the processing method of a kind of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the time that described maintenance completes is 1 minute.
6. the processing method of a kind of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the first step, the full-bloom stage that spring, eucommia Bark male flower was bloomed in every year; Gather the stamen of fresh eucommia Bark male flower, remove impurity such as holder, sepal, only stay the stamen of a needle-like; Will gently adopt in the gatherer process, the stamen of can not damaging more can not be kneaded;
Second step, selected eucommia Bark male flower is put into freeze drier, the freeze drying condition: vacuum is 10Pa, temperature-50 ℃, and 18 hours time, water content reaches 10%;
The 3rd step, to completing through cryodesiccated eucommia Bark male flower, 130 ℃ of the pot temperatures of completing make the temperature of spending of eucommia Bark male flower in 1 minute, reach 100 ℃, keep fixation time 1 minute;
The 4th goes on foot, carries out the low temperature forced air drying handles, and 65 ℃ of its baking temperatures keep low temperature forced air drying 20 minutes, cross 50 purpose sieves, remove broken male flower smalls, can be processed into eucommia ulmoides male flower tea.
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CN102657274A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-09-12 四川三山茶业有限公司 Eucommia male flower tea and manufacturing method thereof
CN102972592A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-20 灵宝金地杜仲产业有限公司 Preparation technology of eucommia staminate flower tea
CN103005103A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 汕头市林业科学研究所 Process for making tea by single tea flowers
CN103255022A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-21 国家林业局泡桐研究开发中心 Eucommia ulmoides male flower wine and preparation method thereof
CN103262917A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-28 广西桂人堂金花茶产业集团股份有限公司 Golden camellia flower tea processing method
CN103948143A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-30 湄潭县京贵茶树花产业发展有限公司 Processing technique of dry tea flowers
CN104663974A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-06-03 普正药业股份有限公司 Eucommia staminate flower tea bag assisting in reducing blood fat and preparation method of eucommia staminate flower tea bag
CN105941741A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-21 党森林 Mechanical processing method of Eucommia staminate flower tea
CN106561911A (en) * 2016-10-29 2017-04-19 张家界甑山野岩茶业有限公司 Cortex eucommiae male flower tea with honey aroma and fabrication method thereof
CN107439761A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-08 贵州芳瑞堂生物科技有限公司 A kind of chamomile tea and its processing method
CN107897451A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-13 山东乡村之光农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of processing technology of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea
CN109105595A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-01-01 广东红树林生态科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of Lao Shu le root tea

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102657274A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-09-12 四川三山茶业有限公司 Eucommia male flower tea and manufacturing method thereof
CN102657274B (en) * 2012-04-12 2013-12-18 四川三山茶业有限公司 Eucommia male flower tea and manufacturing method thereof
CN102972592A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-20 灵宝金地杜仲产业有限公司 Preparation technology of eucommia staminate flower tea
CN102972592B (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-06-11 灵宝金地杜仲产业有限公司 Preparation technology of eucommia staminate flower tea
CN103005103A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 汕头市林业科学研究所 Process for making tea by single tea flowers
CN103255022B (en) * 2013-04-16 2014-04-30 国家林业局泡桐研究开发中心 Eucommia ulmoides male flower wine and preparation method thereof
CN103255022A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-21 国家林业局泡桐研究开发中心 Eucommia ulmoides male flower wine and preparation method thereof
CN103262917A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-28 广西桂人堂金花茶产业集团股份有限公司 Golden camellia flower tea processing method
CN103262917B (en) * 2013-05-28 2015-03-04 广西桂人堂金花茶产业集团股份有限公司 Golden camellia flower tea processing method
CN103948143A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-30 湄潭县京贵茶树花产业发展有限公司 Processing technique of dry tea flowers
CN104663974A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-06-03 普正药业股份有限公司 Eucommia staminate flower tea bag assisting in reducing blood fat and preparation method of eucommia staminate flower tea bag
CN105941741A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-21 党森林 Mechanical processing method of Eucommia staminate flower tea
CN106561911A (en) * 2016-10-29 2017-04-19 张家界甑山野岩茶业有限公司 Cortex eucommiae male flower tea with honey aroma and fabrication method thereof
CN107439761A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-08 贵州芳瑞堂生物科技有限公司 A kind of chamomile tea and its processing method
CN107897451A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-13 山东乡村之光农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of processing technology of eucommia ulmoides male flower tea
CN109105595A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-01-01 广东红树林生态科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of Lao Shu le root tea

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