CN102696334B - Self-propelled grass block baling machine - Google Patents

Self-propelled grass block baling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102696334B
CN102696334B CN201210203717.7A CN201210203717A CN102696334B CN 102696334 B CN102696334 B CN 102696334B CN 201210203717 A CN201210203717 A CN 201210203717A CN 102696334 B CN102696334 B CN 102696334B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
self
propelled
vehicle frame
discharge chambe
bale
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210203717.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102696334A (en
Inventor
王德成
马晓刚
王光辉
付作立
袁洪方
高东明
黄文城
孙婕
余永
蔡桑妮
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201210203717.7A priority Critical patent/CN102696334B/en
Publication of CN102696334A publication Critical patent/CN102696334A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102696334B publication Critical patent/CN102696334B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a self-propelled grass block baling machine, which belongs to the field of agricultural machinery. The self-propelled grass block baling machine mainly comprises a base plate part, a cab, a picking-up and conveying part, a feeding part, a compressing and knotting part and a power transmission part, wherein the base plate part is fixedly arranged below a frame; the cab is arranged in front of the frame; and the compressing and knotting part is arranged on the middle part of the frame. The power of the entire machine comes from an engine. According to the self-propelled square grass baling machine, the turning radius is reduced to a great extent by using a self-propelled design and rear wheel steering, and dry grass pick-up and baling combined operation at plots with small planting areas at mountain areas is facilitated; by using hydraulic speed changing and hydraulic steering, a driver can realize larger steering force control by using smaller operation force through the hydraulic speed changing and the hydraulic steering; the traveling speed can be adjusted in real time in operation according to the condition of swath thickness; in addition, the dynamic load of a transmission system is greatly relieved, the vibration is reduced, the situation that the engine works at the optimal working point is guaranteed, and the vehicle dynamic property, the fuel oil economy and the working efficiency are favorably improved; and the self-propelled square grass baling machine has the advantages of safe and reliable performance, and easiness, convenience and flexibility in operation.

Description

A kind of self-propelled square bundle baler
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural mechanical field, be specifically related to carry out in small-sized forage grass plot hay and pick up a kind of self-propelled square bundle baler with bundling integration of operation.
Background technology
The development of high quality forage entire mechanization production technology plays vital effect to the development of China's livestock breeding, the important step that herb machineryization is produced is carried out bundling exactly, development along with China's livestock breeding, the increase day by day of pasture growing area, demand to Hay Baler is increasing, and also more and more higher to the requirement of its aspect of performance.
In the prior art, hay results are mainly to rely on the picking up and bundling machine of artificial or tractor-drawn to gather in the crops, and artificial results are with the improve of human cost, the more and more higher and inefficiency of results cost; And as Chinese patent CN2790142 " forage baler " can be in field to cutting herbage or the agricultural crop straw after drying pick up, compression, bundling integration of operation, although the mode that this tractor-hitched picking up and bundling machine is gathered in the crops is generally adopted, but because its radius of turn is large, when the operation of Deng Di mountain area, Ningxia, transportation and headland turn are all inconvenient, cannot adapt to the picking up and bundling operation of small-sized plot hay.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide radius of turn little, can also can realize a kind of self-propelled square bundle baler of stepless speed regulation in the little plot operation of cultivated area, it is characterized in that, described self-propelled square bundle baler mainly by being fixed on chassis portion below vehicle frame, driver's cabin before vehicle frame, compression, knotting part and the power transmission part of picking up transport portion and feeding part, vehicle frame middle part be grouped into.
Described chassis portion comprises vehicle frame, propons, back axle, driving wheel and deflecting roller, vehicle frame is bolted on propons and back axle, and front-wheel is driving wheel, and trailing wheel is deflecting roller, on propons transmission case, hydraulic motor is installed, trailing wheel is realized fluid-link steering by being arranged on the hydraulic steering cylinder of back axle.
The described transport portion of picking up comprises and picks up transport platform, pickup, auger conveyor, elevator case and elevator, picking up transport platform is connected with elevator case bolt, pickup is arranged on picks up transport platform the place ahead, auger conveyor is arranged on pickup rear, elevator is arranged on auger conveyor and makes a comment or criticism in the elevator case of direction with flexible taking off, and picks up transport portion integral body and is connected with vehicle frame by lifting hydraulic cylinder; And rotate around elevator box back portion.
Described compression section comprises discharge chambe, crank connecting link, compression piston and bale density regulator, discharge chambe is arranged on vehicle frame left side along the direction of machine travel, compression piston is connected with crank connecting link and uninterruptedly moves back and forth and realize compression operation along slide rail, and discharge chambe afterbody arranges spring pressurization formula bale density regulator.
Described feeding part is by feed chamber, crank, rocking bar, carry fork, feeding fork becomes with buffering groups of springs, feed chamber is vertically mounted on vehicle frame along the direction of machine travel, and be connected with elevator case and discharge chambe, crank one end trunnion and output shaft of gear-box spline joint, other end trunnion is fixed on vehicle frame by bearing block, three grass forks that crank-pin one side welding is arranged in parallel, opposite side is carried the welding of fork one end with " jag type ", carry the fork other end to be rotatably connected with scalable rocking bar telescopic end, on rocking bar telescopic end, cover has buffer spring, rocking bar stiff end is arranged on discharge chambe by hanger.
Described knotting part comprises that needle brake, automatic knotter and bale controlled-length apparatus, needle brake are arranged on discharge chambe below, and automatic knotter is arranged on directly over discharge chambe needle brake position, and bale controlled-length apparatus is arranged on automatic knotter rear.
Described driver's cabin is arranged on directly over elevator case and discharge chambe front end, and intelligent control panel is installed in driver's cabin.
The engine of described motivation transfer motion part is arranged on vehicle frame right back, and engine output shaft connects transfer case, and a part of transmission of power, to hydraulic pump, is driven and is connected to the hydraulic motor on propons transmission case, and then drive front-wheel by transmission case; Another part power is delivered to all working parts through transmission system.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows compared with prior art, the present invention adopts self-propelled design and rear-axle steering to reduce to a great extent radius of turn, is conducive in the less plot operation of mountain area cultivated area; Adopt hydraulic stepless speed change and fluid-link steering, human pilot can be realized larger steering force with less steering force by it and control, during operation, can adjust in real time the speed of travel according to swath thin and thick situation, greatly alleviate in addition power train dynamic load, reduce vibration, guarantee that engine operation, at best operating point, is conducive to improve vehicle power, fuel economy and operating efficiency; And performance safety, reliable, handles light, flexible.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is self-propelled square bundle baler general structure front view.
Fig. 2 is self-propelled square bundle baler general structure rearview.
Fig. 3 is self-propelled square bundle baler general structure vertical view.
In figure, each mark is as follows: 1 driver's cabin, 2 vehicle frames, 3 propons, 4 back axles, 5 driving wheels, 6 deflecting rollers, 7 transmission cases, 8 hydraulic motors, 9 pick up transport platform, 10 pickups, 11 auger conveyors, 12 elevator casees, 13 elevators, the 14 flexible fingers of taking off, 15 lifting hydraulic cylinders, 16 discharge chambes, 17 crank connecting links, 18 compression pistons, 19 bale density regulators, 20 slide rails, 21 feed chambers, 22 cranks, 23 rocking bars, 24 carry fork, 25 feeding forks, 26 buffer springs, 27 gearboxes, 28 bearing blocks, 29 hangers, 30, needle brake, 31 automatic knotters, 32 bale controlled-length apparatuses, 33 intelligent control panels, 34 engines, 35 transfer cases, 36 hydraulic pumps
Embodiment
The invention provides a kind of self-propelled square bundle baler; It is little that this self-propelled square bundle baler has radius of turn, can be in the little plot operation of cultivated area, and can realize the feature of stepless speed regulation.Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention will be further described.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of self-propelled square bundle baler provided by the invention, mainly by chassis portion, pick up transport portion, feeding part, compression section, knotting part, driver's cabin 1 and power transmission part and grade and form; ,
Driver's cabin 1 is fixed on the front portion on vehicle frame 2 chassis, and propons 3 and back axle 4 are bolted below vehicle frame 2, and front-wheel is driving wheel 5, and trailing wheel is deflecting roller 6, and driving wheel 5 is fixed on propons 3 two ends, and deflecting roller 6 is fixed on back axle 4 two ends; Hydraulic motor 8 is installed on propons transmission case 7, and deflecting roller 6 is realized fluid-link steering by being arranged on the hydraulic steering cylinder of back axle; Picking up transport platform 9 is connected with elevator case 12 bolts, pickup 10 is arranged on picks up transport platform 9 the place aheads, auger conveyor 11 is arranged on pickup 10 rears, elevator 13 be arranged on auger conveyor 11 on flexible taking off refer to that 14 in the elevator case 12 of direction, pick up transport platform 9 and be connected with vehicle frame 2 by lifting hydraulic cylinder 15, and can be around the 12 rearward end rotations of elevator case; Discharge chambe 16 is arranged on vehicle frame 2 left sides along the direction of machine travel, discharge chambe 16 bottom surfaces arrange slide rail 20, compression piston 18 is connected with crank connecting link 17 and uninterruptedly moves back and forth and realize compression operation along slide rail 20, and discharge chambe 16 afterbodys arrange spring pressurization formula bale density regulator 19; Feed chamber 21 is vertically mounted on vehicle frame 2 along the direction of machine travel, and be connected with elevator case 12 and discharge chambe 16, crank 22 one end trunnions and gearbox 27 output shaft spline joints, other end trunnion is fixed on vehicle frame 2 by bearing block 28, three feeding forks 25 that crank-pin one side welding is arranged in parallel, opposite side is carried fork 24 one end welding with " jag type ", carry fork 24 other ends to be rotatably connected with scalable rocking bar 23 telescopic ends, on rocking bar 23 telescopic ends, cover has buffer spring 26, and rocking bar 23 stiff ends are arranged on discharge chambe 16 by hanger 29; Needle brake 30 is arranged on discharge chambe 16 belows, and automatic knotter 31 is arranged on directly over discharge chambe 16 needle brake 30 positions, and bale controlled-length apparatus 32 is arranged on automatic knotter 31 rears; Driver's cabin 1 is arranged on directly over elevator case 12 and discharge chambe 16 front ends, and intelligent control panel 33 is installed in driver's cabin; Described motivation transfer motion part provides power by engine 34, engine 34 is arranged on vehicle frame 2 right backs, engine 34 output shafts connect transfer case 35, a part of transmission of power is arrived to hydraulic pump 36, driving is connected to the hydraulic motor 8 on propons transmission case 7, and then drive front-wheel by transmission case 7, and by changing hydraulic pump 36 flows, realize stepless speed regulation, another part power is delivered to all working parts through transmission system.
During above-mentioned self-propelled square bundle baler work, driver is by intelligent control panel 33 ato units 34 in driver's cabin 1, engine 34 output shafts connect transfer case 35, a part of transmission of power is arrived to hydraulic pump 36, driving is connected to the hydraulic motor 8 on propons transmission case 7, and then drive front-wheel and machine is moved ahead by transmission case 7, another part power is delivered to all working parts through transmission system, driver drives machine pickup 10 is aimed to swath and advanced along swath, pickup 10 is picked up swath and is transported under the effect of auger conveyor and elevator feed chamber 21, feeding fork 25 is delivered into forage in discharge chambe 16, the height of picking up transport platform regulates by lifting hydraulic cylinder 15, the flexible of lifting hydraulic cylinder controlled automatically by intelligent control panel 33, reciprocating compression piston 18 will constantly feed the forage side of the being compressed into bale of discharge chambe 16, when square bale length reaches the length of bale controlled-length apparatus 32 settings, needle brake 30 and automatic knotter 31 are started working and bundle rope are tied a knot, bale density is regulated by the spring pressurization formula bale density regulator 19 that is arranged on discharge chambe 16 afterbodys, under the promotion of follow-up feeding forage, the bale of large good knot continues to move backward and drop into ground.

Claims (2)

1. a self-propelled square bundle baler, described self-propelled square bundle baler mainly by being fixed on chassis portion below vehicle frame, driver's cabin before vehicle frame, compression, knotting part and the power transmission part of picking up transport portion and feeding part, vehicle frame middle part be grouped into; It is characterized in that, picking up transport platform is connected with elevator case bolt, pickup is arranged on picks up transport platform the place ahead, auger conveyor is arranged on pickup rear, elevator is arranged on auger conveyor and makes a comment or criticism in the elevator case of direction with flexible taking off, and picks up transport portion integral body and is connected with vehicle frame by lifting hydraulic cylinder; And rotate around elevator box back portion; Discharge chambe is arranged on vehicle frame left side along the direction of machine travel, and compression piston is connected with crank connecting link and uninterruptedly moves back and forth and realize compression operation along slide rail, and discharge chambe afterbody arranges spring pressurization formula bale density regulator; Feed chamber is vertically mounted on vehicle frame along the direction of machine travel, and be connected with elevator case and discharge chambe, crank one end trunnion and output shaft of gear-box spline joint, other end trunnion is fixed on vehicle frame by bearing block, three grass forks that crank-pin one side welding is arranged in parallel, opposite side is carried the welding of fork one end with " jag type ", carry the fork other end to be rotatably connected with scalable rocking bar telescopic end, on rocking bar telescopic end, cover has buffer spring, and rocking bar stiff end is arranged on discharge chambe by hanger.
2. self-propelled square bundle baler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described self-propelled square bundle baler is when work, driver is by the intelligent control panel ato unit in driver's cabin, engine output shaft connects transfer case, a part of transmission of power is arrived to hydraulic pump, driving is connected to the hydraulic motor on propons transmission case, and then drive front-wheel and machine is moved ahead by transmission case, another part power is delivered to all working parts through transmission system, driver drives machine and pickup is aimed to swath and advance along swath, pickup is picked up swath and be transported to feed chamber under the effect of auger conveyor and elevator, feeding fork is delivered into forage in discharge chambe, the height of picking up transport platform regulates by lifting hydraulic cylinder, the flexible of lifting hydraulic cylinder controlled automatically by intelligent control panel, reciprocating compression piston will constantly feed the forage side of the being compressed into bale of discharge chambe, when square bale length reaches the length of bale controlled-length apparatus setting, needle brake and automatic knotter are started working and bundle rope are tied a knot, bale density is regulated by the spring pressurization formula bale density regulator that is arranged on discharge chambe afterbody, under the promotion of follow-up feeding forage, the bale having knotting continues to move backward and drop into ground.
CN201210203717.7A 2012-06-20 2012-06-20 Self-propelled grass block baling machine Expired - Fee Related CN102696334B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102696334B true CN102696334B (en) 2014-10-22

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103583161A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-02-19 周青 Full-automatic grass picking machine
CN103693228B (en) * 2013-12-24 2016-08-17 郑州协力建工设备有限公司 Clinging arm horizontal packing machine
CN104054447A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-09-24 辽宁新方大机械制造有限公司 Traction crop rootstock round baler
CN104429369B (en) * 2014-11-10 2016-06-22 中国农业大学 " θ " of a kind of straw ties knotting device and method
CN105474897B (en) * 2015-12-16 2018-01-23 星光农机股份有限公司 A kind of crawler belt self-travel type square bundle baler
CN105453839B (en) * 2015-12-16 2018-02-27 星光农机股份有限公司 A kind of feeding binding apparatus for crawler belt from square bundle baler of walking
CN105557210B (en) * 2015-12-24 2018-02-27 星光农机股份有限公司 A kind of conveying device for caterpillar band self-propelled square bundle baler
CN106105546B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-11-23 中国农业大学 A kind of self-propelled pasture round bale baler
CN109105007B (en) * 2018-07-27 2020-11-24 湖北工业大学 Self-propelled bundling machine of track
CN113632649A (en) * 2021-10-19 2021-11-12 潍坊润鑫机械有限公司 Side bundling machine is with dialling grass device

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5752374A (en) * 1993-05-05 1998-05-19 Same S.P.A. Agricultural machine, in particular self-propelled large baler
CN1274520A (en) * 1999-05-19 2000-11-29 株式会社久保田 Driving part structure of harvester
CN201860598U (en) * 2010-07-09 2011-06-15 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 Self-propelled forage grass pickup baler
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CN201911039U (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-08-03 潍坊润鑫机械有限公司 Self-propelled bundling machine

Patent Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5752374A (en) * 1993-05-05 1998-05-19 Same S.P.A. Agricultural machine, in particular self-propelled large baler
CN1274520A (en) * 1999-05-19 2000-11-29 株式会社久保田 Driving part structure of harvester
CN201860598U (en) * 2010-07-09 2011-06-15 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 Self-propelled forage grass pickup baler
CN201911039U (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-08-03 潍坊润鑫机械有限公司 Self-propelled bundling machine
CN201888111U (en) * 2010-11-01 2011-07-06 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 Grass pulling fork device

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王振华等.方草捆压捆机捡拾器参数设计.《农业机械学报》.

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