CN102695838B - 地板镶板的机械锁定系统 - Google Patents

地板镶板的机械锁定系统 Download PDF

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CN102695838B
CN102695838B CN201080060582.2A CN201080060582A CN102695838B CN 102695838 B CN102695838 B CN 102695838B CN 201080060582 A CN201080060582 A CN 201080060582A CN 102695838 B CN102695838 B CN 102695838B
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D·佩尔万
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瓦林格创新股份有限公司
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/40Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of a number of smaller components rigidly or movably connected together, e.g. interlocking, hingedly connected of particular shape, e.g. not rectangular of variable shape or size, e.g. flexible or telescopic panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02022Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips with means for aligning the outer surfaces of the flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/10Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements of other materials, e.g. fibrous or chipped materials, organic plastics, magnesite tiles, hardboard, or with a top layer of other materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2002/001Mechanical features of panels
    • E04C2002/004Panels with profiled edges, e.g. stepped, serrated
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/16Two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/163Next to unitary web or sheet of equal or greater extent
    • Y10T428/164Continuous two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/167Cellulosic sections [e.g., parquet floor, etc.]

Abstract

本发明涉及一种具有机械锁定系统的地板镶板(1b、1c),所述机械锁定系统由单独的材料制成,以便减小在竖直位移期间的卡扣阻力。

Description

地板镶板的机械锁定系统

技术领域

[0001] 本发明一般地涉及地板镶板和建筑镶板、尤其是具有机械锁定系统的地板镶板的机械锁定系统的领域,所述机械锁定系统可以通过垂直位移而锁定。

背景技术

[0002] 本发明的应用领域

[0003] 本发明的实施例特别适合于用在浮动地板中,所述浮动地板由利用与地板镶板集成(S卩,在工厂安装好)的锁定系统而机械连接的地板镶板形成,所述地板镶板由以下组成:一个或多个胶合板制成的上部层、装饰层压板或装饰塑料材料、由基于木纤维的材料或塑料材料制成的中间芯部、以及优选地在芯部的后侧的下部平衡层。因此,以下对已知技术、现有系统的问题和本发明的目的和特征的描述将作为非限制性示例针对此应用领域,尤其是针对基于纸的或无纸的层压地板,其形成为具有长侧边和短侧边并旨在在长侧边和短侧边上均机械连接。所述长侧边和短侧边主要用于简化对本发明的描述。镶板可以是正方形的,可以具有四个以上的侧边,这些侧边彼此不平行或垂直。

[0004] 应强调的是,本发明的实施例可以应用于任何地板镶板,可以与任何类型的已知锁定系统结合,其中所述地板镶板旨在使用在至少两个相邻侧边上沿水平和竖直方向连接镶板的机械锁定系统而实现接合。因此本发明也可以应用于例如实心木地板,具有由木材或基于木纤维的材料制成的芯部和由木材或胶合板等制成的表面的镶木地板,具有印制的且优选还经过上漆的表面的地板,具有由塑料或软木、漆布、橡胶或类似物制成的表面层的地板。甚至包含具有硬表面例如石材、瓷砖等的地板,以及具有软的耐磨层例如粘结到板块的针刺毛毡的地板。本发明的实施例还可以用于连接建筑镶板,所述建筑镶板优选包含板块材料,例如壁板、天花板、家具部件等。

_5]发明背景

[0006] 层压地板通常包含6-12mm纤维板制成的芯部,由层压板制成的0.2-0.8mm厚的上部装饰表面层,以及由层压板、塑料、纸或类似材料制成的0.1-ο.6mm厚的下部平衡层。层压表面包括三聚氰胺浸渍的纸。最近已经开发出印制表面和基于木纤维的无纸层压表面。最常用的芯部材料是具有高密度和良好稳定性的通常称为HDF (高密度纤维板)的纤维板。有时也使用MDF (中密度纤维板)作为芯部。

[0007] 层压地板镶板通常利用所谓的机械锁定系统实现机械接合。这些系统包括水平和竖直地锁定镶板的锁定装置。机械锁定系统通常通过对镶板的芯部机加工而形成。可选择地,锁定系统的一些部分可以由单独的材料形成,所述单独的材料结合地板镶板的制造而与地板镶板集成,即,与地板镶板连接。

[0008] 具有机械锁定系统的浮动地板的主要优点是易于安装。优选地,它们也可以容易地被再次取下并且在不同的地点再次使用。

[0009] 一些术语的宙义

[0010] 在下文中,安装好的地板镶板的可见表面称为“正面”,而地板镶板的面对底层地板的相对侧称为“背面”。正面和背面之间的边缘称为“接合边缘”。“水平面(HP)或主平面”是指平行于表面层的外部部分延伸的平面。两个接合的地板镶板的两个相邻接合边缘的紧密并置的上部部分共同限定了垂直于水平面的“竖直面(VP)”。“水平地”是指平行于水平平面,“竖直地”是指平行于竖直面。“上或向上”是指朝向正面,“下或向下”是指朝向背面。“向内”是指基本水平地朝向镶板的内部部分,“向外”是指基本水平地远离镶板的内部部分。“条片镶板”是指包括条片和锁定元件的镶板。“凹槽镶板”是指具有锁定凹槽的镶板,该锁定凹槽旨在与锁定元件配合以用于水平锁定。

[0011] 已知技术及其问题

[0012] 下文对已知技术的描述在可应用部分中也用于本发明的实施例中。

[0013] 为了使长侧边以及短侧边在竖直和水平方向上机械接合,可以使用若干方法和锁定系统。其中一个最常用的方法是偏角卡扣(angle-snap)方法,其中一个最常用的锁定系统是与芯部制成一体的系统。长侧边通过偏角调节(angling)安装。然后镶板在锁定位置沿长侧边位移。短侧边通过水平卡扣锁定。

[0014] 一种替代方法是所谓的偏角调节-偏角调节方法,其中长侧边和短侧边均通过偏角调节锁定。

[0015] 最近已经开发出一种新的更简单的方法,其中所有的地板镶板可以仅通过长侧边的偏角调节而接合。这种通常称为“向下折叠(fold down)”安装方法的安装方法在图1-4中予以描述。短侧边la、lb的锁定通过剪刀状运动发生,其中当一行中的镶板Ic的长侧边通过偏角调节连接到先前安装的行中的相邻镶板Ia时,柔性榫舌31从一个侧边向另一个侧边逐渐向内位移。柔性卡扣舌片(其在大多数情况下由塑料区段制成)在折叠期间沿接头被水平地弯曲。卡扣舌片的一部分在折叠期间几乎处于锁定位置,如图1所示,而其它部分与相邻侧边接触,如图2所示,或者处于完全未锁定位置,如图4所示。

[0016] 通常由挤出塑料区段制成的柔性榫舌的一些方案具有连接在保持凹槽32内的内部部分,以及向下指向的外部柔性卡扣舌片33,所述卡扣舌片33在折叠期间卡扣到相邻镶板Ic的榫舌凹槽31内。柔性榫舌通常连接到条片镶板的侧边。它也可以连接到凹槽镶板。在这样的方案中所述卡扣舌片向上延伸。

[0017] 如图2所示的已知的柔性榫舌30的主要问题是,由于有限的柔性而难以锁定。当凹槽镶板沿垂直面VP向下折叠时,在凹槽镶板和柔性卡扣舌片33之间的接触点P处于上部部分处。由于竖直延伸长度Tl小于地板厚度T的0.3倍的事实,卡扣舌片还相当具有刚度。卡扣舌片还被向内推动并与垂直面VP交叉。保持凹槽必须制成相当大以提供稳定性,这是一个缺陷。

[0018] 图5a和5b示出一种具有改进的柔性的卡扣舌片。该卡扣舌片具有内部部分30a和柔性的外部部分30b。在锁定期间该卡扣舌片必须在保持凹槽内位移,这要求紧公差。该卡扣舌片位移到必须具有相当大的水平延伸深度的保持凹槽32内。

[0019]图6a和6b示出一种市售的锁定系统,其中接触点P位于柔性卡扣舌片的上部部分,所述卡扣舌片向内位移到竖直面以外以便提高柔性。凹槽必须相当深,这样以消极方式实现了侧边的稳定性。

[0020] 图6c和6d示出了市售的另一种锁定系统,其由三个部分组成,两个相当刚性的部分30a、30b和一个柔性橡胶类部分30c。

[0021] 图6e、6f示出一种具有简单截面的锁定系统,其在WO 2007/079845的图22中示意性示出,其中柔性卡扣舌片33由具有弯曲或曲线形状的窄的矩形截面制成。卡扣舌片弯曲到竖直面以外。缺陷是保持凹槽的竖直延伸长度非常小,难以通过旋转刀具生产。柔性榫舌30难以固定到凹槽内并且具有有限的柔性。但是,主要的缺陷是,卡扣舌片围绕中心点CP弯曲,该中心点CP与凹槽32的下部部分接触。这在大多数情况下将导致许多材料尤其是挤出的塑料材料的断裂或永久弯曲。该实施例结合了三个主要缺陷:a)深的保持凹槽,b)卡扣舌片的有限的柔性,c)高的卡扣阻力。

[0022] 所有所示的已知实施例具有卡扣舌片,所述卡扣舌片的竖直延伸长度Tl小于地板厚度T的0.3倍,这在折叠期间产生相当大的卡扣阻力,尤其是与在卡扣舌片的上部部分处的接触点P结合的情况下。

[0023] 如果能够增加卡扣舌片的柔性和能够减小保持凹槽的水平延伸范围,则可以改进具有卡扣舌片的锁定系统的功能。

发明内容

[0024] 本发明的某些实施例的目的是提供一种包含柔性榫舌的改进的机械锁定系统,所述柔性榫舌具有外部柔性卡扣舌片,其能够通过竖直折叠被锁定。

[0025] 更具体地说,目的是提供一种竖直卡扣锁定系统,该系统比已知系统产生更小的卡扣阻力并且具有更稳定的边缘。

[0026]目的是主要通过保持凹槽来提高边缘的稳定性,所述保持凹槽允许在柔性榫舌和保持凹槽之间的坚固连接,并且比当前已知的系统具有向内进入镶板的芯部的更小的水平延伸范围。

[0027] 本发明的某些实施例的以上目的完全或部分地通过本文描述的机械锁定系统和地板镶板实现。从权利要求书、说明书和附图可以显然看到本发明的其它实施例。

[0028] 根据本发明的特定实施例的第一方面,提供一组地板镶板,所述地板镶板能够沿一对相邻边缘彼此机械连接,以便处于连接状态的所述地板镶板的上部接合边缘限定竖直面。每个所述地板镶板包括在镶板的第一边缘上的柔性榫舌,以及在镶板的第二相对边缘上的用于接纳相邻镶板的柔性榫舌的榫舌凹槽,以用于平行于竖直面并且与镶板的水平面成直角将所述相邻边缘竖直地机械锁定在一起。

[0029] 榫舌凹槽在镶板的芯部中形成,并且朝竖直面开口。锁定元件在第一边缘处与镶板形成一体,锁定凹槽位于相对的第二边缘处。锁定凹槽朝镶板的面向底层地板的背面开

□ O

[0030] 锁定元件和锁定凹槽形成垂直于竖直面的水平机械连接,锁定元件具有适配成直接接触锁定凹槽的锁定表面的锁定表面,以用于平行于水平面并且与接合的第一和第二边缘成直角将镶板水平地彼此锁定。

[0031] 柔性榫舌包括由独立于芯部的单独材料形成的弹性部分,并且与榫舌凹槽中的锁定表面配合。

[0032] 其中,通过两个镶板朝向彼此的竖直位移可以将所述两个镶板机械接合在一起,同时至少柔性榫舌的包含向下延伸的柔性卡扣舌片的外部部分基本围绕中心点向内弹性位移到竖直面以外的内部位置,直到两个镶板的所述相邻边缘竖直地彼此接合并且柔性卡扣舌片远离竖直面且对着榫舌凹槽朝其初始位置位移,其中所述中心点位于柔性榫舌的上部部分处并且与保持凹槽的下部部分间隔开。

[0033] 柔性榫舌具有安装在第一边缘中的侧向开口的保持凹槽内的内部部分,所述保持凹槽朝向竖直面开口。所述内部部分固定在侧向开口的保持凹槽内。

[0034] 外部柔性部分例如柔性卡扣舌片具有包括外部柔性部分(例如柔性卡扣舌片)的最大厚度的横截面,并且锁定表面相对于竖直面至少偏移柔性卡扣舌片的最大厚度。

[0035] 根据本发明的特定实施例的第二方面,提供一组地板镶板,所述地板镶板能够沿一对相邻边缘彼此机械连接,以便处于连接状态的所述地板镶板的上部接合边缘限定竖直面。每个所述地板镶板包括在镶板的第一边缘上的柔性榫舌,以及在镶板的第二相对边缘上的用于接纳相邻镶板的柔性榫舌的榫舌凹槽,以便平行于竖直面并且与镶板的水平面成直角将所述相邻边缘竖直地机械锁定在一起。

[0036] 榫舌凹槽在镶板的芯部中形成,并且朝竖直面开口。锁定元件在第一边缘处与镶板形成一体,锁定凹槽位于相对的第二边缘处。锁定凹槽朝镶板的面向底层地板的背面开

□ O

[0037] 锁定元件和锁定凹槽形成垂直于竖直面的水平机械连接,锁定元件具有适配成直接接触锁定凹槽的锁定表面的锁定表面,以用于平行于水平面并且与接合的第一和第二边缘成直角将镶板水平地彼此锁定。

[0038] 柔性榫舌包括由独立于芯部的单独材料形成的弹性部分,并且与榫舌凹槽中的锁定表面配合。

[0039] 其中,通过两个镶板朝向彼此的竖直位移可以将所述两个镶板机械接合在一起,同时至少柔性榫舌的包含向下延伸的柔性卡扣舌片的外部部分向内弹性位移,直到两个镶板的所述相邻边缘竖直地彼此接合并且柔性卡扣舌片远离竖直面且对着榫舌凹槽朝其初始位置位移。

[0040] 柔性榫舌具有安装在第一边缘中的侧向开口的保持凹槽内的内部部分,所述保持凹槽朝向竖直面开口。所述内部部分固定在侧向开口的保持凹槽内。

[0041] 外部柔性部分例如柔性卡扣舌片具有包括外部柔性部分(例如柔性卡扣舌片)的最大厚度的横截面,并且锁定表面相对于竖直面至少偏移柔性卡扣舌片的最大厚度。

[0042] 所述内部部分包括一个或多个竖直横截面,其中一个所述竖直横截面可以大于柔性卡扣舌片的所述厚度和/或所述内部部分的另一个竖直横截面。

附图说明

[0043] 图1-6示出已知的系统。

[0044] 图7a_c示出本发明的第一实施例。

[0045] 图8a_d示出本发明的第二实施例。

[0046] 图9a_c示出本发明的第三实施例。

[0047] 图1Oa-C示出固定到折叠镶板的边缘的柔性榫舌。

[0048]图1Od示出固定在倾斜凹槽内的柔性榫舌。

具体实施方式

[0049] 为了有助于理解,附图中的多个锁定系统被示意性示出。应强调的是,可以使用优选实施例的组合实现改进的或不同的功能。

[0050]图7a_7c示出本发明的一个实施例。提供条片镶板lb,其包括条片6和锁定元件8,所述锁定元件8与凹槽镶板Ic中的锁定凹槽14配合,以用于水平锁定镶板lb、lc的两个相邻边缘。条片镶板包括在朝向竖直面VP开口的保持凹槽32内的柔性榫舌30,该柔性榫舌30具有连接到保持凹槽的内部部分IP。柔性榫舌具有在竖直面VP以外的外部部分0P,其包含柔性卡扣舌片33,该卡扣舌片33与凹槽镶板Ic的相邻边缘中的榫舌凹槽31的锁定表面40配合,并且平行于竖直面VP竖直地锁定边缘。

[0051] 卡扣舌片在整个锁定运动期间定位在竖直面VP以外,在锁定期间向内朝向竖直面位移以及向外远离竖直面位移,如图7b和7c所示。卡扣舌片在位移期间围绕中心点弯曲,所述中心点位于柔性榫舌30的上部部分处,优选与保持凹槽32的下部部分向上竖直间隔开和/或与竖直面VP向外水平间隔开。卡扣舌片在其内部位置优选与竖直面间隔开。卡扣舌片的内部部分也可以优选与竖直面对齐。

[0052] 这种实施例使得能够减少为了形成保持凹槽而必须移除的材料的量。保持凹槽32的水平延伸范围可以减小,甚至开口可以更小。这提高了边缘的稳定性。改进的稳定性可以与卡扣舌片的所保持的或甚至改进的柔性相结合。

[0053] 凹槽镶板Ic包括下部部分36,其优选形成为斜面,并且优选比柔性卡扣舌片的外部部分37更多地朝竖直方向倾斜。当凹槽镶板Ic沿竖直面VP朝条片镶板Ib竖直位移时,凹槽镶板Ic和柔性榫舌30之间的第一接触点P优选位于柔性卡扣舌片33的下部部分处。这种实施例将显著降低卡扣阻力。

[0054] 保持凹槽32的下部部分优选位于水平面Hl内,该水平面Hl从与条片6的上部部分相交的水平面H3向上竖直偏移,优选地还从与锁定元件的上部部分相交的水平面H2向上竖直偏移。这有助于榫舌固定到保持凹槽内。保持凹槽也可从内部位置朝外部位置向上倾斜。这是一个优点,可以用在所有卡扣舌片系统中,例如先前讨论的已知的现有系统,以有助于柔性榫舌的固定。具有倾斜的保持凹槽的先前讨论的已知现有系统的实施例包含在本发明的范围内。

[0055] 柔性榫舌在其外部部分OP处优选具有厚度A-A,该厚度A-A小于位于内部部分IP内的竖直厚度B-B。柔性榫舌30的内部部分IP优选包括两个具有不同竖直厚度的竖直横截面-B’,以及优选包括位于柔性凹槽的下部和/或上部部分之间的空间39。这种实施例使得能够结合柔性榫舌的稳定连接,以节省材料和提高柔性。

[0056] 锁定表面40相对于竖直面至少偏移柔性卡扣舌片33的最大厚度A-A。

[0057] 柔性榫舌30的内部部分能够基本填充侧向开口的保持凹槽的容积,或者可以包含向下和/或向上延伸的一个或多个摩擦连接部38。

[0058] 所描述的在竖直面以外的柔性卡扣舌片和在卡扣舌片的下部部分处的第一接触点的运动可以单独地用于改进锁定,但是优选地相结合。使用下部接触点是有利的,甚至在卡扣舌片向内位移到竖直面以外的实施例中也是如此。

[0059] 图8a_8c示出卡扣舌片33可优选形成为具有等于或大于地板厚度T的0.3倍的竖直延伸长度Tl。甚至更优选的是提高所述竖直延伸长度至地板厚度T的0.35倍或甚至0.40倍以上。这在高锁定强度可以与容易的锁定结合的木地板中尤其是优选的。

[0060] 尤其当与以上描述的另外两个希望的特征之一或二者结合时,这种实施例可以用于进一步降低锁定阻力。

[0061] 图8d示出这样一个实施例,其中柔性榫舌30的上部部分34可以水平地向内弯曲,优选弯曲至竖直面VP内部的位置。当卡扣舌片的上部部分处于锁定位置时,在柔性榫舌和保持凹槽32之间存在空间35。在锁定期间柔性榫舌的上部部分在空间35内位移。这可用于减小卡扣阻力以及增加柔性榫舌的柔性。

[0062]图9a_9c示出柔性榫舌30的一个优选实施例,该柔性榫舌以固定方式连接在条片镶板Ib的保持凹槽32内,并且包括可在位移凹槽32a内位移的柔性部分33。

[0063] 这种实施例能够增加柔性,因为连接在保持凹槽32内的榫舌的下部部分和抵靠榫舌凹槽31的锁定表面40锁定的上部部分33之间的竖直距离可以增加。

[0064] 柔性卡扣舌片33在折叠期间在位移凹槽32a内水平地向内和向外位移,并且优选地且基本上围绕位于柔性榫舌30的下部部分的中心点C发生弯曲。

[0065] 保持凹槽32竖直地位于位移凹槽32a下方。榫舌凹槽31的锁定表面40优选相对于保持凹槽32竖直向上间隔开,并且这两个凹槽优选一个在另一个之上地位于不同水平面内。保持凹槽32优选竖直地位于锁定元件8的上部部分的下方,并且优选相对于水平面向上倾斜,以有助于柔性榫舌31插入保持凹槽32内。

[0066] 这种柔性榫舌也可以连接到凹槽镶板Ic的边缘。在这种实施例中,保持凹槽32优选位于镶板边缘的上部部分内,并且位移凹槽32a位于保持凹槽32的下方。

[0067] 图1Oa-1Oc示出柔性榫舌可以连接到凹槽镶板Ic中的保持凹槽32,并且保持凹槽32向内与锁定凹槽14间隔开。在此实施例中,保持凹槽32甚至可以优选地相对水平面倾斜。

[0068] 图1Ob和1c示出柔性卡扣舌片33在锁定期间抵靠锁定元件8的上部和外部部分8a滑动。该部分8a在此实施例中是倾斜的。它例如也可以是圆滑的(rounded)。卡扣舌片的外部部分33抵靠在条片6的外部部分上形成的锁定表面6a而锁定。该锁定表面6a可以向下或向上倾斜,基本为水平的或圆滑的。

[0069] 图1Od示出当保持凹槽32形成在条片镶板Ib内时,图7和8中所示的所有实施例可以连接到倾斜的保持凹槽32,以便有助于柔性榫舌30的固定。

Claims (8)

1.一组地板镶板,所述地板镶板能够沿一对相邻边缘彼此机械连接,以便处于连接状态的所述地板镶板的上部接合边缘限定竖直面(VP),每个所述地板镶板包括: 在镶板(lb)的第一边缘上的柔性榫舌(30); 在镶板的第二相对边缘(lc)上的榫舌凹槽(31),所述榫舌凹槽用于接纳相邻镶板的柔性榫舌,以便平行于竖直面(VP)并且与镶板的水平面(HP)成直角将所述相邻边缘竖直地机械锁定在一起; 所述榫舌凹槽(31)形成在镶板的芯部中,并且朝竖直面开口 ; 在第一边缘处与镶板形成一体的锁定元件(8),以及在相对的第二边缘处的锁定凹槽(14),所述锁定凹槽朝镶板的面向底层地板的背面开口 ; 所述锁定元件和锁定凹槽形成垂直于竖直面的水平机械连接,所述锁定元件具有锁定表面,所述锁定表面适配成与锁定凹槽的锁定表面直接接触,以便平行于水平面并且与接合的第一和第二边缘成直角将镶板水平地彼此锁定; 柔性榫舌(30)包括由独立于芯部的单独材料形成的弹性部分,所述弹性部分与榫舌凹槽(31)中的锁定表面(40)配合; 其中,通过两个镶板朝彼此的竖直位移所述两个镶板能够机械接合在一起,同时至少柔性榫舌的包含向下延伸的柔性卡扣舌片(33)的外部部分(OP)围绕中心点(CP)向内弹性位移到竖直面(VP)以外的内部位置直到使两个镶板的相邻边缘竖直地彼此接合,并且柔性卡扣舌片(33)远离竖直面(VP)且对着榫舌凹槽(31)朝初始位置位移,其中所述中心点位于柔性榫舌(30)的上部部分处并且与保持凹槽(32)的下部部分间隔开,以及 其中,柔性榫舌具有安装在第一边缘中的朝竖直面(VP)开口的侧向开口的保持凹槽(32)内的内部部分(IP),所述内部部分(IP)固定在侧向开口的保持凹槽(32)内, 其中,外部部分(OP)包括具有最大厚度(A-A)的横截面,并且锁定表面(40)相对于竖直面(VP)至少偏移柔性卡扣舌片(33)的最大厚度(A-A),以及 其中,第二边缘的下部部分(36)和柔性卡扣舌片(33)构造为使得当第二边缘沿竖直面(VP)朝第一边缘位移时,第二边缘和柔性卡扣舌片(33)之间的第一接触点(P)位于所述柔性卡扣舌片(33)的下部部分处。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一组地板镶板,其特征在于,所述内部部分(IP)包括一个或多个竖直横截面(B-B、B’ -B’),其中一个所述竖直横截面大于柔性卡扣舌片(33)的所述最大厚度(A-A)和/或所述内部部分(IP)的另一个竖直横截面。
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的一组地板镶板,其特征在于,所述柔性卡扣舌片(33)在锁定期间沿接合边缘水平地弯曲。
4.根据权利要求1所述的一组地板镶板,其特征在于,柔性卡扣舌片的竖直延伸长度(T1)等于或大于地板镶板厚度(T)的0.3倍。
5.根据权利要求1所述的一组地板镶板,其特征在于,柔性榫舌(30)由挤出聚合物材料制成。
6.根据权利要求1所述的一组地板镶板,其特征在于,第二边缘包括形成为斜面的下部部分(36)。
7.根据权利要求6所述的一组地板镶板,其特征在于,下部部分(36)比柔性卡扣舌片(33)的初始位置更多地朝竖直方向倾斜。
8.根据权利要求1所述的一组地板镶板,其特征在于,在柔性榫舌的上部部分(34)和保持凹槽之间具有空间(35),在锁定期间柔性榫舌的上部部分(34)在所述空间中位移。
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US9453347B2 (en) 2016-09-27
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BR112012016569A2 (pt) 2016-04-05
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