CN102688015B - Capsule type intestinal endoscope detection system - Google Patents

Capsule type intestinal endoscope detection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102688015B
CN102688015B CN201210204668.9A CN201210204668A CN102688015B CN 102688015 B CN102688015 B CN 102688015B CN 201210204668 A CN201210204668 A CN 201210204668A CN 102688015 B CN102688015 B CN 102688015B
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China
Prior art keywords
capsule
image information
type enteroscope
charging
type
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CN201210204668.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102688015A (en
Inventor
刘江奎
吴晖
沈毅慧
李莉蕊
刘小丽
刘复娜
刘小娟
马兰芳
罗俊
王海刚
于哲
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刘江奎
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Priority to CN201210204668.9A priority Critical patent/CN102688015B/en
Publication of CN102688015A publication Critical patent/CN102688015A/en
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Publication of CN102688015B publication Critical patent/CN102688015B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a capsule type intestinal endoscope detection system which comprises an ultrasonic transmission part, a capsule type intestinal endoscope part and a display control part, wherein the ultrasonic transmission part is used for transmitting location ultrasonic wave used for detecting the real-time position of the capsule type intestinal endoscope part and charging ultrasonic wave used for charging the capsule type intestinal endoscope part; and the frequency of the charging ultrasonic wave is different from that of the location ultrasonic wave. The system is capable of realizing locating detection, operating control and wireless power supply for a capsule type intestinal endoscope at the same time.

Description

A kind of capsule-type enteroscope detection system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of capsule-type enteroscope system, belong to technical field of medical instruments.

Background technology

Present known capsule endoscope, claims again " Medical wireless scope ".Principle is that person under inspection is by the intelligent capsule of oral built-in shooting and signal transmitting apparatus, make it motion photographic images in digestive tract by peristalsis of the digest tract, doctor utilizes external image recorder and image workstation, understand person under inspection's whole digestive tract situation, thereby its state of an illness is made to diagnosis.Capsule endoscope have check convenient, without wound, without wire, no pain, without cross infection, do not affect patient's the advantage such as normal work, expand the visual field of digestive tract examining, overcome the toleration that traditional plug-in type scope has poor, be not suitable for the defects such as the old and state of an illness is critical, can be used as the especially prefered method of diagnosis of small bowel diseases of digestive tract disease.

Along with the development of micro electronmechanical MEMS technology, can slow down in the human body even controlled and stop motion of capsule sight glass, to carry out more meticulousr work, and this type of work must mean the more supply of electric power of needs.Meanwhile, for convenience of patient's use, it is too large that the volume of capsule endoscope can not do, battery be difficult to meet from carried charge the demand that more multiplex (MUX) does of supplying.

Summary of the invention

The present invention In view of the foregoing proposes, and its object is, provides a kind of capsule-type enteroscope detection system that capsule endoscope is positioned to detection, operation control and wireless power that simultaneously realizes, to solve all the problems referred to above.

In order to achieve the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme.

A kind of capsule-type enteroscope detection system, it comprises: ultrasonic emitting portion, capsule-type enteroscope portion and display control unit, wherein,

Described display control unit, on the one hand for to capsule-type enteroscope portion transmitting wireless control signal to control motion, operation and the charging of described capsule-type enteroscope portion in body to be measured, on the one hand for image information that described capsule-type enteroscope portion is sent, information about power shows in real time in real time, on the other hand for controlling described ultrasonic emitting portion's transmitting location ultrasound wave and charging ultrasound wave;

Described capsule-type enteroscope portion comprises: the housing of capsule-type; Image information acquisition unit, it is disposed in this housing, for obtaining the image information that is examined position in the body to be measured that is disposed at hull outside; Timer, it is disposed in this housing, for captured image information and the time of described image information acquisition unit are mapped; And storage part, it is disposed in this housing, for storing image information that described image information acquisition unit obtains and corresponding time with it; Wireless transmitting unit, it is disposed in this housing, receives for the image information of taking being in real time transmitted into the described display control unit of external confession; Ultrasonic receiving element, it is disposed in this housing, starts charging operations for the control signal according to described display control unit, to receive the charging ultrasound wave that described ultrasound emission portion sent and to be translated into electric energy for described capsule-type enteroscope portion;

Described ultrasonic emitting portion, be arranged to be measured external, for launching the charging ultrasound wave of measuring the location ultrasound wave of described capsule-type enteroscope portion real time position and described capsule-type enteroscope portion being charged, the hyperacoustic frequency of described charging is different from the hyperacoustic frequency in described location; Described ultrasonic emitting portion comprises the multiple coordinate detection heads that are affixed on external surface to be measured on the one hand, sends location ultrasound wave receive from the needed time of echo-signal of described capsule-type enteroscope portion reflection and determine the real time position of described capsule-type enteroscope portion in body to be measured to described multiple detecting heads each according to one from described multiple coordinate detection heads; Described ultrasonic emitting portion comprises charging ultrasonic emitting head on the other hand, and a described charging ultrasonic emitting position is immovably to described capsule-type enteroscope portion transmitting charging ultrasound wave;

It is characterized in that, described display control unit, can depict the measured position data of described ultrasound emission portion as 3 D motion trace, and corresponding point on captured real-time imaging information and this 3 D motion trace of the capsule-type enteroscope portion that the time of recording with described timer is mapped are mapped and are shown to observer simultaneously.

Wherein, described image information acquisition unit have take hull outside be examined position to obtain the imaging apparatus of image information.

Wherein, the quantity of described multiple coordinate detection heads is more than 4.

Wherein, the hyperacoustic frequency range of choice in described location is 3.5-6.0Mhz.

Wherein, the hyperacoustic frequency range of choice of described charging is 3.5-6.0Mhz.

Wherein, described image information acquisition unit comprises imaging apparatus and lighting unit, and this lighting unit adopts LED to throw light on.

Wherein, described image information acquisition unit is calculated maximum or the meansigma methods of the brightness value of each pixel of being obtained by described imaging apparatus, as the mensuration information at described determined position.By calculating the maximum of brightness value of each pixel, can measure and concentrate on specifically the fluorescence medicament of the lesion portion such as cancerous tissue or the amount of Lipofusion, and confirm the existence of lesion portion.And, by calculating the meansigma methods of brightness value of each pixel, can reduce noise, improve the reliability checking.And in foregoing invention, the brightness value that described mensuration information acquiring section is calculated each pixel of being obtained by described imaging apparatus exceedes the pixel count of predetermined threshold, as the mensuration information at described determined position.Like this, can measure the size in the region of the fluorescence medicament that concentrates on specifically the lesion portion such as cancerous tissue to a certain degree of existence or Lipofusion, improve the diagnostic accuracy in the region with lesion portion dubiety.

According to the present invention, make capsule-type enteroscope portion can obtain enough electric power to support more operation.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the capsule-type enteroscope detection system of a specific embodiment of the present invention.

Wherein, digital corresponding implication is: capsule-type enteroscope detection system 1, capsule-type enteroscope portion 2, ultrasonic emitting portion 3, display control unit 4, housing 21, image information acquisition unit 22, timer 23, storage part 24, wireless transmitting unit 25, ultrasonic receiving element 26, coordinate detection 31, charging emitting head 32, imaging apparatus 221, lighting unit 222.

The specific embodiment

The capsule medical apparatus 1 of an embodiment of the invention is described with reference to Fig. 1 below.

A kind of capsule-type enteroscope detection system 1, it comprises: ultrasonic emitting portion 3, capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 and display control unit 4.Wherein, described display control unit 4, on the one hand for launching wireless control signal to capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 to control motion, operation and the charging of described capsule-type enteroscope portion 1 in body to be measured, on the one hand for by comprising image information that described capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 sends, information about power shows in real time in real time, on the other hand for controlling described ultrasonic emitting portion's 3 transmitting location ultrasound wave and charging ultrasound wave; Described capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 comprises: the housing 21 of capsule-type; Image information acquisition unit 22, it is disposed in this housing 21, for obtaining the image information that is examined position in the body to be measured that is disposed at housing 21 outsides; Timer 23, it is disposed in this housing 21, for captured image information and the time of described image information acquisition unit 22 are mapped; And storage part 24, it is disposed in this housing, for storing image information that described image information acquisition unit 22 obtains and corresponding time with it; Wireless transmitting unit 25, it is disposed in this housing 21, receives for the image information of taking is in real time transmitted into the described display control unit 4 of external confession; Ultrasonic receiving element 26, it is disposed in this housing, for starting charging operations according to the control signal of described display control unit 4, to receive the charging ultrasound wave that described ultrasound emission portion 3 sent and to be translated into electric energy for described capsule-type enteroscope portion 2.Described ultrasonic emitting portion 3, be arranged to be measured external, for launching the charging ultrasound wave of measuring the location ultrasound wave of described capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 real time positions and described capsule-type enteroscope portion being charged, the hyperacoustic frequency of described charging is different from the hyperacoustic frequency in described location; Described ultrasonic emitting portion 3 comprises the not multiple coordinate detections in same plane 31 that are affixed on external surface to be measured on the one hand, sends location ultrasound wave receive the needed time of echo-signal of reflecting from described capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 to described multiple detecting heads each and determine the real time position of described capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 in body to be measured according to one from described multiple coordinate detection heads; Described ultrasonic emitting portion 3 comprises charging ultrasonic emitting 32 on the other hand, and its position can be adjusted according to the change of described real time position, to the described capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 transmitting charging ultrasound wave at described real time position place.Described display control unit 4, can depict described ultrasound emission portion 3 measured position datas as 3 D motion trace, and corresponding point on captured real-time imaging information and this 3 D motion trace of the capsule-type enteroscope portion 2 that the time of recording with described timer 23 is mapped are mapped and are shown to observer simultaneously.

Wherein, described image information acquisition unit 22 have take housing 21 outsides be examined position to obtain the imaging apparatus 221 of image information; The quantity of described multiple coordinate detection heads is 4, and not in same plane, to measure the position of described capsule-type enteroscope portion in three-dimensional space; The hyperacoustic frequency range of choice in described location is 5Mhz; The hyperacoustic frequency range of choice of described charging is 6Mhz; Wherein, described image information acquisition unit 22 comprises image unit 221 and lighting unit 222, and this lighting unit 222 adopts LED to throw light on to save electric power.

Owing to having adopted the present invention, the battery of described capsule-type enteroscope portion (although not mentioned in the above description, in fact all capsule-type enteroscopes portion must comprise battery part) can obtain enough electric power to meet more kinds of operations.Described operation can include but not limited to: adjust image unit bust shot object to obtain the more sharply defined image at a certain examine position, and/or and/or control described capsule-type enteroscope and stretch out fixed part and detect for a long time to meet a certain position to be checked with the operation that reduces its movement velocity (can be reduced to zero) in body to be measured.

It should be noted in the discussion above that described charging ultrasonic frequency is chosen in 2.5-6.0MKz, to prevent and to reduce the ultrasonic injury to human body; Charging ultrasonic frequency is with to locate ultrasonic frequency different, to avoid frequency interferences between the two (when actual selection, make as far as possible both difference on the frequencies larger).

Although more than just simply described embodiments of the present invention, in the situation that not departing from spirit of the present invention or inner characteristic, the present invention can also embody by other form.Therefore, above description is only used to explanation, rather than in order to limit.Protection scope of the present invention should be limited by the above description in claims rather than description.Within all equivalence transformations in claim implication all should fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a capsule-type enteroscope detection system, it comprises: ultrasonic emitting portion, capsule-type enteroscope portion and display control unit, wherein,
Described display control unit, on the one hand for to capsule-type enteroscope portion transmitting wireless control signal to control motion, operation and the charging of described capsule-type enteroscope portion in body to be measured, on the one hand for image information that described capsule-type enteroscope portion is sent, information about power shows in real time in real time, on the other hand for controlling described ultrasonic emitting portion's transmitting location ultrasound wave and charging ultrasound wave;
Described capsule-type enteroscope portion comprises: the housing of capsule-type; Image information acquisition unit, it is disposed in this housing, for obtaining the image information that is examined position in the body to be measured that is disposed at hull outside; Timer, it is disposed in this housing, for captured image information and the time of described image information acquisition unit are mapped; And storage part, it is disposed in this housing, for storing image information that described image information acquisition unit obtains and corresponding time with it; Wireless transmitting unit, it is disposed in this housing, receives for the image information of taking being in real time transmitted into the described display control unit of external confession; Ultrasonic receiving element, it is disposed in this housing, starts charging operations for the control signal according to described display control unit, to receive the charging ultrasound wave that described ultrasound emission portion sent and to be translated into electric energy for described capsule-type enteroscope portion;
Described ultrasonic emitting portion, be arranged to be measured external, for launching the charging ultrasound wave of measuring the location ultrasound wave of described capsule-type enteroscope portion real time position and described capsule-type enteroscope portion being charged, the hyperacoustic frequency of described charging is different from the hyperacoustic frequency in described location; Described ultrasonic emitting portion comprises the not multiple coordinate detection heads in same plane that are affixed on external surface to be measured on the one hand, sends location ultrasound wave receive from the needed time of echo-signal of described capsule-type enteroscope portion reflection and determine the real time position of described capsule-type enteroscope portion in body to be measured to described multiple detecting heads each according to one from described multiple coordinate detection heads; Described ultrasonic emitting portion comprises charging ultrasonic emitting head on the other hand, and a described charging ultrasonic emitting position is immovably to described capsule-type enteroscope portion transmitting charging ultrasound wave;
It is characterized in that, described display control unit, can depict the measured position data of described ultrasound emission portion as 3 D motion trace, and corresponding point on captured real-time imaging information and this 3 D motion trace of the capsule-type enteroscope portion that the time of recording with described timer is mapped are mapped and are shown to observer simultaneously.
2. capsule-type enteroscope detection system according to claim 1, wherein, described image information acquisition unit have take hull outside be examined position to obtain the imaging apparatus of image information.
3. capsule-type enteroscope detection system according to claim 1, wherein, the quantity of described multiple coordinate detection heads is more than 4.
4. capsule-type enteroscope detection system according to claim 1, wherein, the hyperacoustic frequency range of choice in described location is 3.5-6.0Mhz.
5. capsule-type enteroscope detection system according to claim 1, wherein, the hyperacoustic frequency range of choice of described charging is 3.5-6.0Mhz.
6. capsule-type enteroscope detection system according to claim 1, wherein, described image information acquisition unit comprises image unit and lighting unit, this lighting unit adopts LED to throw light on.
7. capsule-type enteroscope detection system according to claim 2, wherein, described image information acquisition unit is calculated maximum or the meansigma methods of the brightness value of each pixel of being obtained by described imaging apparatus, as the described mensuration information that is examined position.
CN201210204668.9A 2012-06-20 2012-06-20 Capsule type intestinal endoscope detection system CN102688015B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103876702A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-06-25 重庆金山科技(集团)有限公司 Capsule endoscopy system with ultrasonic positioning function and capsule endoscopy thereof
WO2019226744A1 (en) * 2018-05-22 2019-11-28 Velis Christopher J P Power supplies and methods of using miniaturized intra-body controllable medical device

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CN101484063A (en) * 2006-07-05 2009-07-15 奥林巴斯株式会社 System for guiding medical device
CN101511255A (en) * 2006-08-29 2009-08-19 奥林巴斯医疗株式会社 Capsule guiding system and capsule guiding method

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JP2002306491A (en) * 2002-02-26 2002-10-22 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Medical capsule
JP2011110385A (en) * 2009-11-30 2011-06-09 Olympus Corp Electric power transmission system and capsule endoscope system equipped with the system

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CN1868396A (en) * 2005-05-27 2006-11-29 上海飞恩微电子有限公司 Medicine-releasing type capsule endoscope
CN101484063A (en) * 2006-07-05 2009-07-15 奥林巴斯株式会社 System for guiding medical device
CN101511255A (en) * 2006-08-29 2009-08-19 奥林巴斯医疗株式会社 Capsule guiding system and capsule guiding method

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