CN102687024A - Method for power visualization and device for power visualization - Google Patents

Method for power visualization and device for power visualization Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102687024A
CN102687024A CN2011800039716A CN201180003971A CN102687024A CN 102687024 A CN102687024 A CN 102687024A CN 2011800039716 A CN2011800039716 A CN 2011800039716A CN 201180003971 A CN201180003971 A CN 201180003971A CN 102687024 A CN102687024 A CN 102687024A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
power generation
generation
side
load
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011800039716A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
泰间健司
Original Assignee
三洋电机株式会社
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Priority to JP2010201146 priority Critical
Priority to JP2010-201146 priority
Application filed by 三洋电机株式会社 filed Critical 三洋电机株式会社
Priority to PCT/JP2011/069262 priority patent/WO2012032947A1/en
Publication of CN102687024A publication Critical patent/CN102687024A/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/12Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks for adjusting voltage in ac networks by changing a characteristic of the network load
    • H02J3/14Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks for adjusting voltage in ac networks by changing a characteristic of the network load by switching loads on to, or off from, network, e.g. progressively balanced loading
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/12Recording operating variables ; Monitoring of operating variables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
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    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
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    • B60L2210/30AC to DC converters
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    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/40DC to AC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/40Drive Train control parameters
    • B60L2240/54Drive Train control parameters related to batteries
    • B60L2240/545Temperature
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B60L2240/549Current
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    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
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    • Y04S10/12Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment the elements or equipment being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation
    • Y04S10/126Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment the elements or equipment being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation the energy generation units being or involving electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV], i.e. power aggregation of EV or HEV, vehicle to grid arrangements [V2G]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y04S20/20End-user application control systems
    • Y04S20/22End-user application control systems characterised by the aim of the control
    • Y04S20/222Demand response systems, e.g. load shedding, peak shaving
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y04S20/20End-user application control systems
    • Y04S20/24End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application
    • Y04S20/242End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application the end-user application being or involving home appliances
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/12Remote or cooperative charging
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/14Details associated with the interoperability, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing

Abstract

The purpose of the present invention is to enable a user to understand the degree of effect that the power the user is currently using has on the environment. A residence uses solar power generated by a solar battery and external utility power from an external utility power supply as power supplies, and consumes power by household loads, etc. This residence is provided with a power storage device and a power management device, and performs charge/discharge control for leveling the power feeding by the power supplies according to the power needed by household loads and other loads. Further, the power management device has a function which calculates the trend in load power, in solar battery generated power, and in leveled external utility power, during one day, sorts power by power generation scheme, assigns a green rating to each power generation scheme as a predetermined standardized index, calculates the power green rating, and displays the result on a display unit.

Description

电力视觉化方法和电力视觉化装置 And electric power visualization method visualization means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种电力视觉化方法和电力视觉化装置,特别地,涉及一种在以由多个发电方式进行的发电电力构成电力的情况下、将电力的构成进行视觉化的电力视觉化方法和电力视觉化装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method and a power visual power the visual apparatus, in particular, relates to a case where a plurality of power generated by the electric power generating mode configuration, the configuration of the visual power of the power The method of visualization and visual power apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在电力管理中,优选地,与负载的电力消耗相对应来有效地进行发电和输电。 [0002] In power management, preferably, the power consumption of the load effectively corresponds to the generation and transmission. 例如,专利文献I中描述了下述构成:作为网络系统的电源系统而包括:通信线路上所连接的多个太阳能发电电源系统和测量日照射量等气象信息并发送到太阳能发电电源系统的信息源装置。 For example, Patent Document I describes the following configuration: a power supply system and network system comprising: a power generation system and a plurality of daily measurements of solar irradiation amount on a communication line connected to the meteorological information and send the information of the solar power supply system source device. 由此,描述了基于高精度预先测量的发电量而能够更高效地进行负载装置的驱动。 Thereby, it is possible to describe the load drive apparatus more efficiently with high accuracy based on pre-measured amount of electricity.

[0003] 此外,在专利文献2中描述了下述内容:作为实用的消耗电力的监视装置,从智能仪系统或者收发器接收信息,通过发光型显示器,来视觉地显示当前的使用状况、当前的消耗成本、消耗速度。 [0003] Further, Patent Document 2 describes the following: As a practical means of monitoring power consumption, receiving information from the smart meter system or transceiver, through luminous display to visually display the current usage, the current consumption costs, the rate of consumption.

[0004] 但是,当负载的电力消耗变动时,有时峰值电力变得过大,电力费用变成高额,而且,还会产生电力供给与此跟不上对应的情况。 [0004] However, when the change in the power consumption, the peak power may become excessively large load, the power cost becomes high, and, also where the power supply is generated corresponding to keep up with this. 蓄电装置能够用于将该电力供求进行平均化。 Storage means for the electric power supply and demand can be averaged. 作为蓄电装置,能够使用锂离子电池那样的二次电池。 Power storage devices, lithium ion batteries can be used such as a secondary battery.

[0005] 在专利文献3中描述了下述内容:作为锂离子电池的管理装置,基于锂离子电池的充放电电流的测量值、温度的测量值、商用电源的供电的信息,判断锂离子电池的充放电的状态,计算出锂离子电池的剩余容量。 [0005] In the following is described in Patent Document 3: a lithium ion battery as the management apparatus based on information from the power measurement value of the charge-discharge current of the lithium ion battery, temperature measurements, the commercial power source, a lithium ion battery is determined the state of charge and discharge, calculate the remaining capacity of the lithium ion battery.

[0006] 专利文献I :日本特开2008-136259号公报 [0006] Patent Document I: Japanese Patent Publication Laid-Open No. 2008-136259

[0007] 专利文献2 :日本特开2010-518795号公报 [0007] Patent Document 2: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2010-518795

[0008] 专利文献3 :日本特开2006-140094号公报。 [0008] Patent Document 3: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2006-140094.

[0009] 作为环保的电力源,正在加快利用由太阳能电池进行的太阳能发电电力。 [0009] As a power source of environmental protection, the use of solar energy is being accelerated by the generated power of the solar cell. 尽管太阳能发电在日照期间能够供给发电电力,但是由于在没有日照时不能够发电,因此为了在整个一天有效地利用太阳能发电的发电电力而使用蓄电装置。 Although solar energy during sunlight generated power can be supplied, but when not generating power since there is no sunshine, so the generated power throughout the day in order to effectively utilize solar energy to power storage device is used. 即使在该情况下,在对于需要电力不足的情况下,也有从外部商用电源接受电力的供给。 Even in this case, in case of need for power shortage, is also supplied with electric power from an external commercial power source. 外部商用电源与电力的供求状况相对应地将由水力发电、核能发电、火力发电等各种各样的发电方式所发电的电力进行组合,作为外部商用电力而供给使用者。 Electric power supply and demand situation and the external commercial power supply by the electric power corresponding to the various hydro power, nuclear power, thermal power generation and the like are combined, as an external commercial power supply and the user.

[0010] 根据发电方式,其发电对环境带来的影响度不同。 [0010] According to power generation, power generation different degree of influence on the environment. 作为发电对环境带来的影响度,例如能够使用CO2排出量。 As the power of the impact on the environment, for example, can use CO2 emissions. 例如,太阳能发电几乎不会对环境带来影响,但是与此相比,火力发电则会对环境带来相当大的影响。 For example, solar power is almost no impact on the environment, but compared to this, thermal power generation will bring a considerable impact on the environment. 这样,由于实际上通过各种各样的发电来供给电力,因此对用户来说,难以知道自己使用的电力对环境带来了何种程度的影响。 In this way, due to the fact Power is supplied by a variety of power, and therefore the user, it is difficult to know their own use of electricity had an impact on the environment to what extent.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 本发明是提供一种能够对当前使用的电力对环境的影响度进行掌握的电力视觉化方法和电力视觉化装置。 [0011] The present invention is to provide a good command on the currently used power of the environmental impact of the power and the power visualization method visualization apparatus.

[0012] 本发明的一种电力视觉化方法,是对于电力管理系统中的输入侧电力或者负载侧电力,将其电力的内容进行视觉化的方法,所述电力管理系统将以多个发电方式所发电的电力设为输入侧电力,且基于输入侧电力而作为负载侧电力供给到负载,所述电力视觉化方法的特征在于,包括:将输入侧电力或者负载侧电力分类为按每个发电方式的发电电力,且按照发电方式的每个区分而使显示方式不同地进行显示的显示步骤。 [0012] A power visualization method of the present invention, a power management system for input-side or load-side power electricity, the content visualizing the power of the method, the power management system will be a plurality of power generation the power to the input side of the power generation and electric power based on an input side of the load as the load side to the power supply, the power visualization method characterized by comprising: an input-side power side or a load of each power generation classified electric power generation mode, and power generation method to distinguish each displayed differently from the step of displaying a display.

[0013] 本发明的一种电力视觉化装置,是对于电力管理系统中的输入侧电力或者负载侧电力,将其电力的内容进行视觉化的装置,所述电力管理装置将以多个发电方式所发电的电力设为输入侧电力和基于输入侧电力而作为负载侧电力供给到负载,所述电力视觉化装置的特征在于,包括:将输入侧电力或者负载侧电力分类为按每个发电方式的发电电力,且按照发电方式的每个区分而使显示方式不同地进行显示的显示部。 [0013] A power visual apparatus according to the present invention is a power management system for input-side or load-side power electricity, the content visualizing the power of the apparatus, a plurality of power generation will be the power management means the power to the input side of the power generation based on the input-side power as a power supply to the load side of the load, the power of the visual apparatus characterized by comprising: an input-side power or a load-side power generation mode for each classified as electric power generation and electric power generation mode for each of the different display manner of the display unit display.

[0014](发明效果) [0014] (Effect of the Invention)

[0015] 根据上述构成,电力视觉化将电力分类为按每个发电方式的发电电力,并按照发电方式的每个区分而使显示方式不同地进行显示。 [0015] According to the above-described configuration, electric power is classified as visualized by the power generation power of each of the power generation, electric power generation and each of the display mode displayed differently. 由此,对于当前利用的电力,能够掌握其例如对环境的影响度。 Accordingly, the current for electric power use, for example, possible to understand the degree of influence on the environment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图I是对使用了本发明实施方式的电力视觉化装置的住宅的状况进行说明的示意图。 [0016] FIG. I is a schematic view of the situation residential embodiment of the present invention using the visual device described electric power.

[0017] 图2是在本发明的实施方式中对表示一天的负载电力的变化的负载电力特性曲线的状况进行说明的示意图。 [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram showing the load condition of the load power characteristic changes in the power of the day is a graph for explaining the embodiment of the present invention.

[0018] 图3是关于图2,进一步表示对一天的太阳能发电电力的变化进行表示的太阳能发电电力特性图,以及用于说明对负载电力,供给太阳能发电电力以及对用外部商用电力补偿不足部分时的对一天的外部商用电力的变化进行表示的外部商用电力特性区域的状况的示意图。 [0018] FIG. 3 is about 2, further showing a characteristic diagram of solar photovoltaic power generation of solar power variation representing the day, and a description of the load power, solar power is supplied to the external commercial power and insufficient power compensation section schematic external commercial power characteristic area condition represented by the external commercial power variation during the day will be.

[0019] 图4是根据图3用于对在一天中负载上所供给的电力的状况进行说明的示意图。 [0019] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram for explaining the state of power on the day load 3 supplied according to FIG.

[0020] 图5是对将图4的电力通过发电方式分类后的电力构成的状况进行说明的示意图。 [0020] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the configuration of the power status of the power generator of FIG. 4 by way of the classification described.

[0021] 图6是关于图5用于说明将作为与各个发电方式对应的基准化指标的环保度进行分配后的状况的示意图。 [0021] FIG. 6 is a schematic view for explaining about the condition of FIG. 5 after a degree of environmental protection will be allocated to each of the power generation corresponding to the reference index.

[0022] 图7是在本发明的实施方式中用于说明作为基准化指标的环保度的示意图。 [0022] FIG. 7 is an embodiment of the present invention in a schematic view of environmental indicators as a reference for FIG.

[0023] 图8是在本发明的实施方式中用于表示电力环保度的状况的示意图。 [0023] In the embodiment of FIG. 8 is an embodiment of the present invention, a schematic diagram of the environmental conditions of a power representation.

[0024] 图9是在本发明的实施方式中对将电力环保度进行视觉化而显示的显示画面的一个例子进行表示的示意图。 [0024] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of an example of a display screen in the embodiment of the present invention, the degree of environmental protection for the power of the visual representation is displayed.

[0025] 图10是在本发明的实施方式中对将电力环保度进行视觉化而显示的显示画面的另一个例子进行表示的示意图。 [0025] FIG. 10 is another example of a display screen in the embodiment of the present invention, the power of the green displayed by visualizing a schematic diagram representing.

[0026] 图11是在本发明的实施方式中对按每个发电方式将当前的电力状况进行区分而显示的显示画面的一个例子进行表示的示意图。 [0026] FIG. 11 is a diagram showing an example of a display screen in the embodiment of the present invention, each of the current power generation power condition is displayed distinguished representation.

[0027] 图12是在本发明的实施方式中对按每个发电方式将当前的电力状况进行区分而显示的显示画面的另一个例子进行表示的示意图。 [0027] Another example of a display screen in the embodiment of FIG. 12 is the embodiment of the present invention, each of the current power generation power condition will be displayed to distinguish schematic representation.

[0028] 图13是在本发明的实施方式中对按每个发电方式将一天的电力状况进行区分而显示的显示画面的一个例子进行表示的示意图。 [0028] FIG. 13 is a schematic view of an example of a display screen to distinguish each of the power generation electric power situation in the embodiment of the day with the present invention will be displayed representation.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0029] 下面使用附图,详细说明本发明的实施方式。 [0029] below with reference to the accompanying drawings, the detailed description of embodiments of the present invention. 在以下,虽然将锂离子电池作为蓄电装置进行说明,但是还可以是除此以外的二次电池。 In the following, although the lithium ion battery as an electric storage device will be described, but may also be other than a secondary battery. 例如可以是镍氢电池、镍镉电池等。 May be, for example, a nickel hydrogen battery, a nickel-cadmium battery or the like.

[0030] 此外,在以下,作为使用电力视觉化装置的系统,尽管将对一般的家庭的住宅进行说明,但是其仅是一个例子,也可以是包括蓄电装置且具有负载的系统,还可以是商店、工厂、大规模设施等。 [0030] In the following, a visualization system using a power device, although the general family homes will be described, but it is only one example, may have a power storage device including system load and can also be shops, factories, large-scale facilities. 作为电力源,尽管将对太阳能发电电力和外部商用电力进行说明,但是也可以是不利用太阳能发电而仅是专用外部商用电力。 As a power source, although the electric power generation and solar energy will be described an external commercial power, but may be not only the use of solar power and dedicated external commercial power.

[0031] 此外,以下所述的电力的随时间变化的模型仅是一个例子,还可以是除此以外的内容的模型。 [0031] In addition, the model changes over time of the power according to the following is merely an example, the model may also be other than content. 此外,以下所述的电力(kw)的值、电力量(kWh)的值等仅是用于说明的一个例子,当然,即使是因使用电力视觉化装置的系统的内容等而不同的值,也没有关系。 Further, according to the power (kw) of the value of electric power (kWh) value and the like is only one example for illustration, of course, even the use of visual content system of the device like different power values, it does not matter. 此外,在以下,作为负载,尽管将对家电负载和电动车的车载用二次电池的夜间充电进行说明,但是这仅是用于说明的一个例子,也可以是与此不同的负载。 In the following, as the load, although the secondary battery will charge the vehicle load appliances and electric vehicles at night will be described, but this is merely one example for illustration, it may be different from this load.

[0032] 在下面,在所有的附图中对同样的要素赋予相同的符号,省略重复的说明。 [0032] In the following, the same reference numerals for the same elements in all figures, repeated description thereof will be omitted. 在本文中的说明中,根据需要,使用在其以前所叙述的符号。 In the description herein, according to need, in which the previously described signs.

[0033] 图I详细示出了用作电力视觉化装置的电力管理装置的系统即住宅20的构成。 [0033] Figure I shows in detail a configuration of the system power management device used as the power device, i.e. visualization of the house 20. 而且,在图I中,粗实线表示电力的流动,细实线且附加箭头的表示信号的流动。 Further, in FIG I, the thick solid line indicates a flow signal indicative of the flow of power, and an additional thin solid line arrows.

[0034] 该住宅20是下述的电气化系统:作为电力源而利用通过太阳能电池30进行的太阳能发电电力和来自从外部电力公司提供的外部商用电源32的外部商用电力,作为消耗电力的负载而具有照明、厨房器具、音像设备、空调设备、供热水设备等的家电负载40和作为夜间充电负载的电动车42的车载用二次电池44。 [0034] The house 20 is electrification following: using solar energy as a power source for electric power generation by the solar cell 30 and the external commercial power from an external commercial power supplied from the external electric power company 32, as the power consumption of the load vehicle having lighting appliances, kitchen appliances, audio equipment, air conditioning equipment, water heating equipment and the load 40 as a load night charging of the electric vehicle 42 secondary battery 44.

[0035] 该住宅20是包括蓄电装置50和电力管理装置58、与家电负载40的负载的所需电力状况相对应且进行将电力源的电力供给进行均衡化的充放电控制的系统。 [0035] The house 20 is a storage device 50 and the power management device 58, the power required by the load appliances and the load conditions corresponding to 40 and performs power supply to power source system equalization charge and discharge control.

[0036] 太阳能电池30用于将由太阳能发电的电力向住宅20的负载供给所需电力,且考虑到住宅20在整个一天中电力消耗或在作为日照时间段的昼间的电力消耗等来设定其发电电力。 Power [0036] The solar cell 30 for power generation by the solar electric power supplied to the load required for the house 20, and in view of the house 20 in the power consumption throughout the day, or sunlight in the daytime as a period to set a power consumption generated power. 在住宅20为一般的家庭的情况下,能够将太阳能电池30的发电电力例如设定为3kw左右。 In the case of a general residential home is 20, the generated power of the solar cell can be set, for example about 30 3kw.

[0037] 外部商用电源32是单相或者三相的交流电力源,与电力供求的变动相对应地将由水力发电、核能发电、火力发电等各种各样的发电方式所发电的电力进行组合,从外部的电力公司供给。 [0037] external commercial power source 32 is a single-phase or three-phase AC power source, and electric power supply and demand fluctuation power corresponding to the power generation by the various hydro, nuclear power generation, thermal power generation and the like in combination, supplied from an external power companies.

[0038] 家电负载40,是上述那样的住宅20中的生活所使用且一般大多在昼间使用频度高、在深夜使用频度低的家电负载。 [0038] 40 load appliances, is the living house 20 as described above and generally used in the daytime most frequently used, a low frequency load appliance at night. 例如,在将家电负载40的电力消耗历史与一天中的时间经过建立对应而进行调查之后,示出下述倾向:清晨5点前后电力消耗最低,随着自此时间的经过,电力消耗逐渐增加,从上午10点到下午2点的期间成为峰值,其后电力消耗逐渐降低。 For example, the power consumption of the home appliance load 40 history and the time of day after a survey carried out in association, shows the following trends: around 5 am the lowest power consumption, with the lapse of time since then, gradually increasing power consumption period from 10:00 to 14:00 becomes a peak, the power consumption thereafter decreased gradually.

[0039] 车载用二次电池44,是电动车42上所安装的电池,因此电动车42在行驶中连续放电,在傍晚或者夜间返回住宅20,在车库停车后,将住宅20中所设置的连接口连接到电动车42上所设置的供电口,直至翌日清晨为止进行充电。 [0039] The secondary battery vehicle 44, 42 is mounted on an electric vehicle battery, so the electric vehicle 42 is traveling continuously discharged, in the evening or night return house 20, in the garage, the house 20 provided in connection port connected to a supply port 42 provided on the electric vehicle, the charge until the next morning. 因此,在将通过住宅20的连接口的车载用二次电池的电力消耗历史与一天中的时间经过建立对应而进行调查之后,在从开始充电之夜的10点前后起到结束充电之翌日清晨4点前后为止的期间,成为几乎恒定的电力消耗。 Therefore, after the investigation conducted after the establishment of the corresponding consumption history and the time of day by the power-vehicle secondary battery connector house 20, played the next day in the morning before and after the end of the charge from the start charging Night 10:00 during the back and forth until 4:00, the power consumption becomes almost constant. 在此以外的时间中,不进行电力消耗。 Outside this time, no electric power consumption.

[0040] 单独供给电力检测装置46,是在住宅20的电插座上分别被设置的电力计。 [0040] The power detecting means 46 is supplied alone, in the house 20 of the electrical socket are provided in a power meter. 智能仪48是在外部商用电力被引入到住宅20的供电口上所设置的带有无线发送功能的电力计。 48 is a smart meter is introduced in the external commercial power to the power meter with a wireless transmission function to the power supply port 20 is provided house. 单独供给电力检测装置46可以直接使用智能仪,或者也可以使用电流探测型的测量装置。 Supplying electric power detecting means 46 can be directly used alone intelligent device, or may be used to detect a current type measuring device. 单独供给电力检测装置46各自的检测数据和智能仪48的检测数据被输送到电力管理装置58,并且被用作负载电力消耗历史数据。 Supplying electric power detecting means 46 separate the respective detection data and the detection data of the intelligent device 48 is supplied to the power management device 58, and is used as the load power consumption historical data.

[0041] 通过使用单独供给电力检测装置46,能够例如按每个电插座将作为负载的家电负载40、电动车42的车载用二次电池44的电力消耗进行细分化而取得。 [0041] Power is supplied solely by using the detecting means 46 can for example be an electrical socket for each appliance as a load of the load 40, the electric vehicle 42 of the vehicle-mounted electric power consumption of the secondary battery 44 is subdivided acquired. 外部商用电源32上所连接的智能仪48尽管不能够按每种负载的电力消耗进行区别,但是能够取得从外部商用电源32供给的外部商用电力的整体的值。 External commercial power supply 32 connected to a smart meter 48, although not able by each of the power consumption of the load are distinguished, but can get the value of the external commercial power supplied from the external commercial power supply 32 overall. 因此,当不使用太阳电池30时,或者当太阳能发电电力与外部商用电力相比较小时,能够将智能仪48的检测数据看作负载电力消耗历史数据而使用。 Thus, when the solar cell 30 is not used, or when the solar power generated by the external commercial power is small compared intelligent cytometry data 48 can be regarded as the power consumption of the load use history data.

[0042] 蓄电装置50是通过将多个锂离子蓄电池进行组合、从而设为希望的蓄电容量的能够充放电的二次电池。 [0042] The storage device 50 is formed by combining a plurality of lithium ion battery, the secondary battery is set so that the desired storage capacity can be charged and discharged. 蓄电装置50的蓄电容量,与太阳能电池30的发电电力的设定相同,通过考虑到住宅20在整个一天的期间中的电力消耗和作为日照时间段的昼间的电力消耗等而设定。 Power storage capacity of power storage device 50, the same power generated by the solar cell 30 is set by taking into account the power consumption in the house 20 during the entire day of sunshine and a daytime period set power consumption . 在住宅20为一般家庭的情况下,能够将蓄电装置50的蓄电容量设定为例如20kwh。 In the case of general family house 20, the power storage capacity of power storage device 50 can be set, for example 20kwh.

[0043] 电力变换装置52是双向AC/DC转换器、双向DC/DC转换器等的转换器,其具有进行外部商用电源32的交流电力与蓄电装置50直流电力之间的电力变换、或者太阳能电池30的电压与蓄电装置50的电压之间的电压变换、或者蓄电装置50与负载的电压之间的电压变换的功能。 [0043] The power conversion device 52 is a bidirectional AC / DC converter, bidirectional DC / DC converter or the like converter 50 having a DC power conversion between AC power and the power storage device 32 is an external commercial power supply, or the voltage of the solar cell 30 and the power storage device 50 voltage conversion between the voltage or power storage device 50 and the voltage conversion function between the voltage of the load. 具体而言,根据实际进行的变换的内容,选择使用的转换器的种类。 Specifically, according to the content of the actual transformation, the type selected for use in the converter. 电力变换装置52,如上述那样与蓄电装置50连接,通过其动作,进行蓄电装置50的充放电。 The power conversion apparatus 52, as described above power storage device 50 is connected, through its operation, power storage device 50 is charged and discharged. 由电力变换装置52的动作进行的蓄电装置50的充放电控制是通过电力管理装置58来进行的。 Discharge control of power storage device 50 by the operation of the power conversion apparatus 52 is carried out by the power management apparatus 58.

[0044] 电力管理装置58是管理住宅20中的充放电电力和从对环境的影响度的观点而言将电力的构成视觉化的装置。 [0044] The power management apparatus 58 managing the house 20 from the viewpoint of the charge on the environment in terms of the impact device is configured visualization power and discharge power. 电力管理装置58构成为包括:控制部60、用于存储充放电控制程序等的存储部62、用于输入所需的数据等的输入部64、以及用于对作为电力视觉化而后述的电力环保度进行显示的显示部66。 The power management device 58 is configured to include: a control section 60 for storing a charge and discharge control program storage section 62 for the required input data input section 64, and the electric power as the electric power for visualization described later with environmental protection of a display unit 66 display. 这些要素通过内部总线而相互连接。 These elements are interconnected by an internal bus. 相关的电力管理装置58能够由合适的计算机构成。 Associated power management device 58 can be composed of a suitable computer.

[0045] 控制部60,具有通过执行充放电控制程序来进行蓄电装置50的充放电控制以及获得从外部商用电源32供给到住宅20的外部商用电力的均衡化的功能。 [0045] The control unit 60, by performing the charge and discharge with a control program to control the charging and discharging power storage device 50 and to obtain equalization function of the external commercial power supplied from house 20 to the external commercial power supply 32. 具体而言,具有取得与太阳能电池30的发电状态相关的太阳能电池信息、取得关于蓄电装置50的蓄电装置充放电状态数据、以及取得包括来自单独供给电力检测装置46的数据和来自智能仪48的数据的关于负载的负载电力消耗历史数据的功能。 Specifically, a power generating state of the solar cell 30 obtains information related to a solar cell, the power storage device to obtain charge and discharge of the power storage device 50 status data, including data acquisition and supplying electric power detecting means 46 is separate from the instrument and from the smart About load power consumption of the load function of historical data of 48 data. 这些数据通过与取得的日期时间建立关联而进行取得。 These data were acquired by association with the date and time taken. 此外,具有使用存储部62中所存储的充放电控制程序,与负载的必要电力的状况相对应地通过电力变换装置52的动作来进行蓄电装置50的充放电控制的功能。 Further, with the use of the storage unit 62 stored in the charge-discharge control program, and the necessary load condition of the power corresponding to the power storage device to charge and discharge control function 50 by the operation of the power conversion apparatus 52. 由此,实现来自外部商用电源32的外部商用电力的均衡化。 Accordingly, to achieve equalization of the external commercial power from an external commercial power supply 32.

[0046] 控制部60作为电力视觉化还具有以下的功能。 [0046] As the power control unit 60 has the following visual function. 即具有:用于对一天之间的负载电力的变化、太阳能电池发电电力的变化、被均衡化的外部商用电力的变化进行计算的随时间变化的电力计算功能;通过发电方式将电力进行分类的电力构成分类功能;将作为预先确定的基准化指标的环保度分配给各个发电方式而计算出电力环保度的电力环保度计算功能;以及用于显示电力环保度的显示功能。 I.e., comprising: a load power variations between day, changes in the power of the solar cell power generation, the variations are equalized external commercial power is calculated by time-varying electric power calculation function; power generation mode classified by power constituting the classification; to the respective power generation mode calculated degree of environmental protection of the environmental computing power will be allocated as a function of the predetermined reference environmental indicators; and a display function for displaying the power level of environmental protection. 相关功能能够通过执行软件来实现,具体而言,能够通过执行对应的电力视觉化程序来实现。 Related functions can be realized by executing software, particularly, can be realized by performing power corresponding visual programming. 也可以用硬件来实现上述功能的一部分。 Implemented in hardware may also be part of the above functions.

[0047] 下面,使用图2到图10,详细说明电力视觉化的内容,特别地,详细说明控制部60的与电力视觉化相关的各个功能。 [0047] Next, using FIG. 2 to FIG. 10, described in detail the power-visual, in particular, the detailed description relating to power visualization respective functions of the control unit 60. 为了电力视觉化,最初需要计算出一天中的负载电力的变化、太阳电池发电电力的变化、被均衡化的外部商用电力的变化。 In order to visualize the power, first need to calculate the variation of the load power of day, changes in the power generation of the solar cell, the equalization of the external commercial power variation. 这里,外部商用电力的均衡化是通过蓄电装置50的充放电控制来进行的。 Here, the external commercial power equalization is carried out by controlling charging and discharging a power storage device 50. 因此,首先,说明外部商用电力的均衡化的步骤。 Thus, First, the equalization step external commercial power.

[0048] 为了外部商用电力的均衡化,如以下那样进行蓄电池充放电状态数据、负载电力消耗历史数据以及太阳能电池发电状态数据的取得。 [0048] For external commercial power leveling, for data such as battery charge and discharge state below, the power consumption of the load history data acquired and a solar cell power generation state data.

[0049] S卩,从蓄电装置50中取得蓄电装置充放电状态数据。 [0049] S Jie acquires from the storage device 50 discharge the power storage device state data. 具体而言,通过接受由在蓄电装置50上设置的电流检测部、电压检测部、温度检测部所检测的数据的输送来进行取得。 Specifically, to obtain by receiving conveyed by the current detecting unit, the voltage detecting unit, the temperature detecting portion provided on the storage device 50 of the detected data. 所取得的数据通过与日期时间建立关联而存储。 And storing data obtained by associating with the date and time. 该步骤通过控制部60的蓄电装置数据取得功能而执行。 The step of obtaining feature data storage means by the control unit 60 is performed. 此外,取得与家电负载40和电动车42的车载用二次电池44相关的负载电力消耗历史数据。 In addition, the car achieved 40 and 42 of the electric vehicle and home appliance load associated with the secondary battery 44 load power consumption of historical data. 具体而言,通过接受由单独供给电力检测装置46检测出的检测数据的输送,来进行取得。 Specifically, the transfer power supply 46 detected by the detecting means by receiving detection data from the individual to be achieved. 所取得的数据通过与日期时间建立关联而存储。 And storing data obtained by associating with the date and time. 该步骤是通过控制部60的负载数据取得功能来执行的。 The step function is achieved by the control unit 60 loads the data to be executed. 此外,从太阳能电池30接受并取得太阳能电池30的太阳能发电状态数据的输送,将所取得的数据与日期时间建立关联而存储。 Further, receiving from the solar cell 30 and solar cells made solar power delivery status data 30, data acquired date and time stored in association.

[0050] 接着,基于所取得的蓄电装置充放电状态数据、负载电力消耗状态数据和太阳能发电状态数据,生成最合适的充放电模型。 [0050] Next, the power storage device based on the acquired data charge and discharge state, the load state of the power consumption data and status data of the solar power generation, the charging and discharging to generate the most appropriate model. 具体而言,生成与一天当中的时间经过建立对应的负载电力消耗历史的每天的数据即每天经过时间负载数据,此外,生成与一天中的时间经过建立对应的蓄电装置充放电状态的每天的数据即每天经过时间蓄电装置数据。 Specifically, the generating time of day after day to establish data corresponding to the power consumption of the load, i.e. the history data load elapsed time per day, in addition, generation time and one day after the establishment of the corresponding power storage device to charge and discharge state per day i.e., the elapsed time data storage device data each day. 这些生成是通过对与日期时间建立关联而存储的数据进行编辑来执行的。 The generation is performed by editing data associated with the stored date and time.

[0051] 接着,基于这些的每天数据,在每天经过时间负载数据中,在负载电力消耗少的时间段促进由来自外部商用电源32的电力供给进行的蓄电装置50的充电,在负载电力消耗多的时间段将蓄电装置50的蓄电电力进行放电而供给到负载,使得在整个一天的蓄电装置50的充电电力量与放电电力量变成相同。 [0051] Next, based on these data daily, daily elapsed time load data, facilitate charging of power storage device by the power supply from the external commercial power supply 32 load 50 consumes less electric power in a period of time, the power dissipation in the load period of time electric power storage power storage device 50 is discharged and supplied to the load, so that the charging electric power and discharge electric power of power storage device 50 throughout the day becomes the same. 这里,在蓄电装置50的充放电时,一边参考每时每刻的蓄电装置充放电状态数据即每天经过时间蓄电装置数据,一边在充电状态为预先确定的充电极限值以下时进行充电,在充电状态为预先确定的放电极限值以上时进行放电,从而使得不会产生蓄电装置50的过充电、过放电。 Here, at the time of charging and discharging the power storage device 50, the power storage device at all times while the charging and discharging state reference data, i.e., the elapsed time data storage means for charging the charging side of the limit state of charge below a predetermined daily. , discharge to discharge above a predetermined limit value in the charging state, such that no power storage means 50 of the overcharge, overdischarge. 这样,生成通过抑制一天中的来自外部商用电源32的电力供给的峰值而均衡化的均衡化充放电模型。 Thus, charge and discharge generate equalization model by suppressing the peak day of the power supplied from an external commercial power supply 32 and equalization. 该均衡化充放电模型相当于最合适的充放电模型。 The charging and discharging equalization model corresponding to the most appropriate model for charging and discharging.

[0052] 外部商用电力的均衡化所用的变成最基础的数据,是上述的每天经过时间负载数据。 [0052] The most basic data into an external commercial power leveling used, the above-mentioned data load elapsed time of day. 该每天经过时间负载数据不是限于一天的数据,优选是基于数天间的数据。 The daily load data is not limited to the elapsed time of day data, preferably based on data of the number of days between. 为了根据数天间的数据来加工成一个每天经过时间负载数据,能够使用单纯平均法、加权平均法、移动平均法等。 In order to process the data into a number of days between the day, the elapsed time load data, it is possible to use a simple average, weighted average, moving average method. 对于加权,当预先知道季节要素特性时,根据该特性,可以与季节的进展相对应地在各天的数据上进行成为渐增或者渐减的加权。 For the weighting, the season when the elements characteristic of previously known, according to this characteristic, can be performed with the opposite season progress on the data for each day be increasing or decreasing the weighting.

[0053] 图2是对这样求得的每天经过时间负载数据进行表示的示意图。 [0053] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a load thus determined elapsed time data representing a day. 图2的横轴表示一天中的时刻,纵轴是电力。 2, the abscissa represents the time of day, and the vertical axis is power. 由此,由于知道住宅20中负载的消耗电力在一天期间的变化,因此决定将其称为负载电力特性曲线140。 Thus, knowing the power consumption during the day changes in house load 20, and therefore decided to load power characteristic curve 140 is called.

[0054] 在为住宅20的情况下,由于能够利用由太阳能电池30进行的太阳能发电电力,因此能够对整个一天的负载的所需电力,首先分配由太阳电池30进行的太阳能发电电力,然后对于不足部分由来自外部商用电源32的外部商用电力进行补充。 [0054] In the case of the house 20, it is possible to use solar power generated by the solar cell 30, it is possible to load the required power throughout the day, the solar power generation electric power to be assigned by the solar cell 30, and then for insufficient part is supplemented by external commercial power from an external commercial power supply 32. 于是,按照该外部商用电力在整个一天中成为恒定电力值的方式,使用蓄电装置50的充放电来实现均衡化。 Thus, according to the external commercial power becomes a constant power value in a manner throughout the day, using the charging and discharging a power storage device 50 to achieve equalization.

[0055] 在该情况下,首先,在各个时刻,从负载电力特性曲线140的值中减去太阳能发电电力特性曲线104的值。 [0055] In this case, firstly, at each time, it subtracts the value of solar power generation characteristic curve 104 from a value of the load power characteristic curve 140. 相减的结果在图3中被示为相减电力特性曲线150。 Subtraction as a subtraction result is shown power characteristic curve 150 in FIG. 3.

[0056] 接着,对于该相减电力特性曲线150,通过蓄电装置50的充放电控制来实现均衡化。 [0056] Next, the subtraction power characteristic curve 150, the power storage device by the charge-discharge control 50 to achieve equalization. 即,在一天中,在负载电力消耗少的时间段通过来自外部商用电源32的电力供给来对蓄电装置50进行充电,在负载电力消耗多的时间段将蓄电装置50中蓄积的电力进行放电,并供给到负载,从而使得一天中的充电电力量和放电电力量成为相同。 That is carried out, the day, the power consumption in the low load period of time to charge the power storage device 50 through the power supply from the external commercial power supply 32, 50 of the power stored in the power consumption of the load time and more power storage device discharged and supplied to the load, so that the charging electric power and discharge electric power of the day becomes the same.

[0057] 具体而言,使用相减电力特性曲线150,描绘恒定值的电力值的线,将与该线相比相减电力特性曲线150位于下侧的面积设为充电电力量,将与该曲线相比相减电力特性曲线150位于上侧的面积设为放电电力量,按照使位于下侧的面积与位于上侧的面积成为相同面积的方式,使恒定值的电力线进行升降。 [0057] Specifically, the subtraction power characteristic curve 150, a line drawing constant power value, the subtraction of the line compared to the power characteristic curve 150 to the lower side area of ​​the charging electric power, will be the compared curve subtraction power characteristic curve 150 on the upper side area of ​​the discharge electric power is set according to the lower side so that the upper side area of ​​the same area as the area becomes embodiment, a constant value of the power line is down. 使位于下侧的面积与位于上侧的面积成为相同面积的电力线表示:蓄电装置50的充电电力量和放电电力量在整个一天进行均衡的外部商用电力的值。 So that the lower side area of ​​the upper side becomes the same area as the area of ​​the power line indicates: the charging electric power and discharge electric power of power storage device 50 is a value equalized throughout the external commercial power day.

[0058] 图3中,用虚线表示这样求得的外部商用电力特性曲线160。 In [0058] FIG. 3, indicated by dashed lines external commercial power characteristic curve 160 thus determined. 在这里,外部商用电力在整个一天成为相同的电力值。 Here, the external commercial power throughout the day becomes the same power value. 这样,通过蓄电装置50的合适的充放电控制,即使在负载电力上有变动,也能够将外部商用电力均衡化为恒定值。 Thus, by a suitable power storage device 50 controls charging and discharging, the load is subject to variation even if the power can be external commercial power into a constant equilibrium value. 最合适的充放电模型由此而生成。 The most suitable model thereby to generate charging and discharging.

[0059] 若通过进行外部商用电力的均衡化来计算出作为最合适的充放电模型的外部商用电力特性曲线160,则接着求得使通过均衡化而成为恒定值的外部商用电力和太阳能发电电力合在一起的输入侧电力。 [0059] When equalization is calculated by the external commercial power as an external commercial power characteristic optimal charge and discharge curve model 160, it is then determined that the equalization become by external commercial power and solar power constant value an input-side power together. 具体而言,从智能仪48中取得外部商用电力的电力供给值,用适当的电力计取得太阳能发电电力的电力供给值,从而将它们加在一起。 Specifically, from the smart meter 48 to obtain the value of the external power supply to commercial power, solar power generation to obtain electric power value of the power supply with appropriate power meter, so as to add them together. 图4以在外部商用电力特性曲线160上再加上太阳能发电电力特性曲线104的电力的形式示出输入侧电力的状况。 In the form of electric power to the external commercial power characteristic curve 160 plus the solar energy power characteristic curve 104 of FIG. 4 shows the condition of the input-side power.

[0060] 图5示出以发电方式将输入侧电力进行分类后的状况。 [0060] FIG. 5 shows the input side to the power generation electric power condition after the classification. 这里,作为发电方式,有太阳能发电、风力发电、水力发电、火力发电、核能发电;作为实验性的发电,还知道有地热发电、潮汐发电等。 Here, as the power generation, solar power, wind power, hydroelectric power, thermal power, nuclear power; as a power generation experimental, is also known geothermal power, tidal power and the like. 在日本,通过水力发电和核能发电而在整个一天进行几乎恒定的电力值的发电,在昼间的电力需要期间进行火力发电。 In Japan, by hydroelectric and nuclear power generation and electricity generation in almost constant value throughout the day, a thermal power during daytime power needs. 与电力需要的变化对应的电源的组合,尽管因电力公司的具体情况等而会不同,但是,一个被称为最佳混合(best mix)的模型的例子是:在昼间的电力最需要期间,水力发电=10%,核能发电=30%,火力发电=60%。 Examples of the combination corresponding to the power change of the power demand, although due to the specific case of a power company and the like will be different, however, a mixture is known as the best (best mix) model are: the power required during the daytime most , = 10% hydroelectric, nuclear power = 30%, thermal power = 60%. 在整个一天的电力量中,水力发电=15%,核能发电=50%,火力发电=35%。 In the electric power throughout the day, the hydroelectric power = 15% = 50% nuclear power, thermal power = 35%.

[0061] 由于对发电给环境带来的影响的关注正不断提高,因此将来期望各个电力公司将供给电力中的发电方式的比率告知用户,但是在这里,基于上述被称为最佳混合的数据,假设通过推定发电方式而分类外部商用电力。 [0061] Because of concern about the impact on the environment of the power generation is constantly improving, thus future desirable ratio of the respective power company supplying the power generation mode to inform the user, but here, the data based on the mixing of the best known , assuming that presumption by power generation and classification of external commercial power.

[0062] 图4的输入侧电力,由于在昼间的电力需要期间利用太阳能发电,因此,对于该部分,外部商用电力的负担变轻了。 Input [0062] FIG. 4 side power, since the use of solar power during the daytime power demand, therefore, for this portion, the external commercial power burden lighter. 当水力发电和核能发电在整个一天考虑为恒定的电力值时,在通过均衡化而设为恒定值的外部商用电力特性曲线160中,即使是作为水力发电和核能发电也不满足的部分的火力发电也在整个一天成为恒定值。 When hydro and nuclear power generation at a constant consideration throughout the day power value, and is set by the equalization external commercial power characteristic curve 160 of a constant value, even as part of the fire hydro and nuclear power generation are not satisfied power also becomes a constant value throughout the day. 通过这样考虑,以发电方式来对输入侧电力进行分类的情况被示于图5。 By considering, in the case of power generation method to classify the input-side power is shown in Fig. 在这里,输入侧电力被分类为太阳能发电电力162、水力发电电力164、核能发电电力166、火力发电电力168。 Here, the input-side power is classified into a solar electric power generation 162, 164 hydroelectric power, nuclear power generation 166, 168 thermal power. 到此为止的处理是通过控制部60的电力构成分类功能来执行的。 The process thus far is configured to perform a classification function by the control unit 60 of the electric power.

[0063] 当这样将输入侧电力分类成每个发电方式的发电电力时,预先确定的基准化指标被分别适用于各个发电方式。 [0063] Thus when the electric power is classified into the input side of each generation power generation mode, predetermined reference indicators are respectively applied to the respective power generation. 作为基准化指标,越是对环境的影响度的程度较低的发电方式越将基准化指标值设定得较高。 As a benchmark index, the more the value of the benchmark index set a higher low levels of power generation on the environment impact degrees. 即,能够使用对于对环境的影响度的程度较小的发电方式设定较高的基准化指标值,对于对环境的影响度的程度较大的发电方式设为较低的基准化指标值。 That can be used to the extent of the environmental impact of small power generation set a higher benchmark index value for a greater degree of environmental impact of electricity generation on the way to a lower value of benchmarking metrics. 作为对环境的影响度的环境影响度,能够使用CO2排出量等。 As the environmental impact of the degree of influence on the environment, the discharge amount of CO2 can be used.

[0064] 图6是表示将图7所示的环保度设为基准化指标且对各个发电方式适用了环保度后的状况的示意图。 [0064] FIG. 6 shows a degree of environmental protection is shown in FIG. 7 as a reference index and a schematic view of the environmental conditions of the respective power generation applied. 横轴是在一天中的时刻,纵轴是电力,在这里,作为相对值,取相对电力。 The horizontal axis is the time of day, and the vertical axis is power, where, as a relative value, taking the relative power. 在这里,将100设为最大值而进行基准化,将太阳能发电设为环保度=100,将核能发电和水力发电设为环保度=50,将火力发电设为环保度=O。 Here, the maximum value 100 is set to be the reference of the solar power generation environment is set = 100, the nuclear power generation and hydroelectric set degree of environmental protection = 50, the thermal power is set degree of environmental protection = O. 显然,还可以使用除此以外的内容的基准化指标。 Obviously, you can also use benchmarking indicators other than the content.

[0065] 下面,使用图6,计算电力环保度。 [0065] Next, FIG. 6, the power is calculated degree of environmental protection. 所谓电力环保度,是在一天的各个时刻,在所分类的各个发电电力上乘以各自对应的环保度而得到的值。 The so-called power of environmental protection, at every moment of the day, multiplied by the value corresponding to each degree of environmental protection and the generated power obtained in each of the classified. 例如,在图6中,从上午O点起到上午5点为止,计算为:(水力发电的相对电力O. 3) X (水力发电的环保度50) + (核能发电的相对电力I. 4) X (核能发电的环保度50) + (火力发电的相对电力O. 3) X (水力发电的环保度O) =85(1^*环保度)。 For example, in Figure 6, from left at the O 5 o'clock a.m., calculated as O. hydroelectric power relative :( 3) X (degree of environmental protection hydroelectric 50) + (the relative power of the nuclear power I. 4 ) X-(degree of environmental protection in nuclear power generation 50) + (relative to the thermal power O. 3) X (degree of environmental protection hydroelectric O) = 85 (1 ^ * degree of environmental protection). 在正午,在该值上还加上(太阳能发电的相对电力0·7)Χ(太阳能发电的环保度100) = 70 (kw ·环保度)。 At noon, on the plus value (relative power solar power 0 · 7) = 70 (kw · degree of environmental protection) [chi] (100 degrees environmental solar power). 电力环保度计算的处理是通过控制部60的电力环保度计算功能来执行的。 Environmental Power calculation processing is performed by the power of the environmental control unit 60 of the calculation function.

[0066] 图8是表示由一天的时间经过所引起的电力环保度的变化的状况的示意图。 [0066] FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram showing the change of power caused by environmental elapsed by the time of day situation. 横轴是一天中的时刻,纵轴是电力环保度。 The horizontal axis is the time of day, and the vertical axis is the power of environmental protection. 这样,可知在能够使用太阳能发电的期间,电力环保 During such, it can be seen in the use of solar power, green power

度变高。 Becomes high.

[0067] 图9、图10是表示当将电力环保度显示在显示部66上时的显示画面的例子的示意图。 [0067] FIG 9, FIG 10 is a schematic diagram showing an example of a display screen when the power of the green displayed on the display unit 66 when. 图9是在上午5点、图10是在下午I点的电力环保度显示画面,其同时表示了电力环保度的值以及在输入侧电力中的环保度较高的电力的比例。 FIG 5 is a 9 a.m., FIG. 10 is a display screen in the power of the environmental point I pm, which simultaneously represents the value of the power of the environmental protection and a high degree of environmental protection at the input side of the power ratio of the electric power. 用在一定大小的框中的面积比来示出比例的显示,用绿色的浓度来示出环保度。 In certain size of the box with the area ratio of the proportion of a display shown, the green concentration shows degree of environmental protection. 例如,能够将环保度=100设为浓的绿色,将环保度=50设为淡的绿色,将环保度=O设为背景色。 For example, the degree of environmental protection can be made rich green = 100, 50 = the degree of environmental protection to the green light, the green background color of the set to = O. 用于显示电力环保度的处理是通过控制部60的显示功能来执行的。 Processing for displaying the power level of environmental protection is performed by the display control unit 60.

[0068] 在为图9的上午5点的情况下,如图6所示,由于输入侧电力按照相对电力是2. 0,水力发电和核能发电的环保度=50的电力按照相对电力是I. 7,因此环保度=50的电力的比例被示出为框整体的面积的85%。 [0068] In the case of FIG. 9, 5:00, as shown in FIG 6, since the input-side power is 2.0 in terms of relative power, environmental protection and nuclear power generation of hydroelectric power = 50 in accordance with the relative power I 7, so the proportion of green power = 50 is shown as 85% of the entire area of ​​the frame. 所谓G = 50,是环保度50的意思。 The so-called G = 50, the degree of environmental protection means 50. 在上述的例子中,该G = 50的部分用淡绿色显示。 In the above example, the portion of G = 50 is displayed in light green. 而且,是电力环保度电力=85 (kw ·环保度)。 Moreover, the power is environmentally friendly kilowatt hours of electricity = 85 (kw · degree of environmental protection). [0069] 在为图10的下午I点的情况下,如图6所示,由于输入侧电力按照相对电力是2. 7,其中,水力发电和核能发电的环保度=50的电力按照相对电力是I. 7,太阳能发电的环保度=100的电力按照相对电力是O. 7,因此各自以与其相应的面积比例被示出。 [0069] In the case of I p.m. in FIG. 10, as shown in FIG. 6, the input-side power according to the relative power is 2.7, according to the relative power wherein the degree of environmental hydroelectric power and nuclear power = 50 is I. 7, and environmental protection of the solar power generation is O. 7 = 100 in accordance with the relative power, therefore the proportion of each in the area corresponding thereto are shown. 所谓G=100,是环保度100的意思,在上述的例子中,该G = 100的部分用浓绿色显示。 The so-called G = 100, 100 is a mean degree of environmental protection in the example described above, the portion G = dark green 100 for display. 而且,是电力环保度电力=155 (kw ·环保度)。 Moreover, the power is environmentally friendly kilowatt hours of electricity = 155 (kw · degree of environmental protection).

[0070] 上述说明的电力构成可视化,由于是关于太阳能发电电力和被均衡化的外部商用电力的情况,因此对于住宅20来说是输入侧电力的电力构成可视化。 [0070] Power visualization configuration described above, since the electric power is on and the solar power equalization external commercial power, so for input power house 20 is constituted visual-side power. 除此之外,还能够进行蓄电池电力的电力构成可视化、负载侧电力的电力构成可视化。 Visualization power configuration, in addition to the load side of the power from the power, battery power can be further visualized configuration.

[0071] 对于蓄电池电力,能够将当前蓄电装置50中所蓄积的蓄电电力量来源于何种发电方式的电力进行可视化。 [0071] For the power of the battery, the current can be a power storage device of which power generation of electric power in the power storage 50 is derived from the accumulated visualization. 在该情况下,由于根据电力变换装置52的控制状态而知道蓄电装置50中所充电的电力是从外部商用电源32中供给的电力、还是从太阳电池30供给的电力,因此能够按每个发电方式进行分类。 In this case, since knowing the power storage device 50 is charged from a power supply external commercial electric power supply 32, or the power supplied from the solar cell 30 according to a control state of the power conversion device 52, it is possible for each power generation classification. 对于从蓄电装置50被放电到负载的电力,作为可视化计算上的前提,通过预先确定从哪种发电方式的电力来优先地进行放电,能够按每个发电方式将放电电力进行分类。 For the electric power from the power storage device 50 is discharged to the load, as a prerequisite for the visual computing, to preferentially discharge from the power generation mode which is determined in advance, it is possible for each of the discharge electric power generation mode classification. 作为优先的放电顺序,能够将从在时间上被在先充电的电力起先进行放电的电力的“先入先出”用作可视化计算上的前提。 As the firing order of priority, it is possible from the time the previous charge on the electric power discharge is performed at first "first in first out" as visualized premise calculated. 这样,对于各个时刻,按每个发电方式来分类充电电力,按每个发电方式来分类放电电力,从而对于各个时刻上的蓄电电力量,进行每个发电方式的分类,并且显示其结果。 Thus, for each moment, each power generation electric power to the charging classification, for each classified discharge power generation mode, so that the electric power for power storage each time, the classification of each power generation, and the result is displayed.

[0072] 负载侧电力,变成从输入侧电力中扣除蓄电池的充电电力后得到的电力,或者变成在输入侧电力上加上蓄电池的放电电力后得到的电力。 [0072] The load-side power, the power charged into the battery power is subtracted from the input-side power obtained, or become coupled with the power of the battery discharge power on the input side of the power obtained. 因此,负载侧电力的发电方式的分类,能够基于上述的输入侧电力的发电方式的分类和蓄电池电力的发电方式的分类来进行,并且显示其结果。 Thus, the load-side power classification of the power generation, the power generation can be classified based on the classification of the power generation mode of the power input side and power of the battery, and the result is displayed. 而且,根据情况,也有时仅蓄电池电力成为输入侧电力、或者蓄电池电力成为负载侧电力。 Further, in some cases, only the battery power may also be the input-side power or battery power becomes a load-side power.

[0073] 这样,由于在显示部66上显示时时刻刻的电力环保度和基于电力构成的环保度比例,因此用户能够在视觉上掌握当前所使用的电力对环境的影响度。 [0073] Thus, since the display on the display unit 66 and the power all the time based on the degree of environmental protection the proportion of green power configuration, the user can grasp the power of the currently used environmental impact visually.

[0074] 而且,尽管在上述中,将环保度的状况说明为进行视觉化,但是也能够假设对电力的发电方式的分类的区分进行显示。 [0074] Further, although in the above, the environmental condition is described as the degree of visual, it is also possible to identify the category of the assumptions of the power generation display mode. 图11是与图9对应,表示按每个发电方式将当前的电力的状况进行区分而显示的显示画面的一个例子的示意图。 A schematic example of FIG. 11 corresponds to FIG. 9, showing distinguished for each power generation electric power to the current situation and displayed on the display screen. 在这里,示出了当仅使用外部商用电力时的状况。 Here is shown when only the external commercial power condition. 在这些图中,纵轴设为电力。 In these figures, the vertical axis is power. 图12表示在别的时刻的例子中也使用太阳能发电电力时的状况。 12 shows a situation when the use of solar power generation in the example of the other timing. 还能够按每个发电方式将一天中的电力状况进行区分和显示,图13示出这样的显示例子。 Power condition is also possible to distinguish between the day and a display mode for each generation, FIG. 13 shows an example of such a display. 在这里,纵轴设为电力,横轴设为一天的时刻。 Here, the vertical axis represents power, the horizontal axis is the time of day.

[0075] 而且,尽管在上述中,设为:住宅20的电力管理装置58具有电力构成可视化所用的运算功能,且在其显示部66上显示其可视化运算结果,但是还可以设为:住宅20的外部的装置进行该住宅20所用的电力构成可视化的运算,将其结果发送到住宅20的电力管理装置58,且在显示部66上显示其结果。 [0075] Further, although in the above description, it is assumed: the power management apparatus house 20 58 having a power configuration arithmetic function visualized used, and displays the visual result of the operation on the display unit 66, but may also be set: house 20 external power calculation means configured to visualize the house 20 used to send the result to the power management device 58 of the house 20, and the result is displayed on the display unit 66. 在该情况下,显示部66相当于将关于住宅20的电力构成进行视觉化的装置。 In this case, the display unit 66 corresponds to the configuration of house 20 about the power of the visual apparatus. 作为住宅20的外部的装置,可以是通过网络与住宅20的电力管理装置58连接的电力管理服务器,或者也可以是具有外部商用电源32的外部电力公司中安装的电力构成运算装置。 House 20 as an external device, the power management server may be connected through a network with the power management apparatus 58 of the house 20, or may be configured with a power computing means external commercial power supply external electric power company 32 installed.

[0076](产业上的可利用性) [0076] (Industrial Applicability)

[0077] 本发明的电力视觉化方法和电力视觉化装置,能够用于具备蓄电装置和通过至少由蓄电装置供给的电力所驱动的负载的住宅、工厂设施等。 And electric power visualization method visualization apparatus [0077] according to the present invention, it can be provided for power storage device and the power storage device by the electric power supplied from the at least load driven homes, factories and other facilities.

[0078] 附图符号说明: [0078] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS:

[0079] 20 住宅、 [0079] 20 homes,

[0080] 30太阳能电池、 [0080] 30 solar cells,

[0081] 32外部商用电源、 [0081] 32 external commercial power supply,

[0082] 40家电负载、 [0082] 40 load appliances,

[0083] 42电动车、 [0083] 42 electric vehicles,

[0084] 44车载用二次电池、 [0084] 44 vehicle-mounted secondary battery,

[0085] 46单独供给电力检测装置、 [0085] 46 alone supplies power detection means,

[0086] 48智能仪、 [0086] Smart device 48,

[0087] 50蓄电装置、 [0087] The power storage device 50,

[0088] 52电力变换装置、 [0088] 52 power conversion device,

[0089] 58电力管理装置(电力视觉化装置)、 [0089] The power management device 58 (power visual apparatus),

[0090] 60控制部、 [0090] 60 control unit,

[0091] 62存储部、 [0091] The storage unit 62,

[0092] 64输入部、 [0092] The input unit 64,

[0093] 66显示部、 [0093] 66 display unit,

[0094] 104太阳能发电电力特性曲线、 [0094] 104 solar photovoltaic power characteristic curve,

[0095] 140负载电力特性曲线、 [0095] The load power characteristic curve 140,

[0096] 150相减电力特性曲线、 [0096] 150 power characteristic curve of the subtraction,

[0097] 160外部商用电力特性曲线、 [0097] 160 external commercial power characteristic curve,

[0098] 162太阳能发电电力、 [0098] 162 solar generated power,

[0099] 164水力发电电力、 [0099] Hydroelectric Power 164,

[0100] 166核能发电电力、 [0100] 166 nuclear power electricity,

[0101] 168火力发电电力。 [0101] 168 thermal power.

Claims (14)

1. 一种电力视觉化方法,是对于电力管理系统中的输入侧电力或者负载侧电力,将其电力的内容进行视觉化的方法,所述电力管理系统将以多个发电方式所发电的电力设为所述输入侧电力,且基于所述输入侧电力而作为所述负载侧电力供给到负载,所述电力视觉化方法的特征在于,包括: 将所述输入侧电力或者所述负载侧电力分类为按每个发电方式的发电电力,且按照所述发电方式的每个区分而使显示方式不同地进行显示的显示步骤。 1. A power visual method, a power management system for input-side or load-side power electricity, the content visualizing the power of the method, the power management system will power a plurality of power generation of the power the power to the input side, and based on the input-side power as a power supply to a load side of said load, said power visualization method characterized by comprising: the power of the input side or the load side of the power each classified as a generated power generation mode, and to distinguish each of the power generation mode to the display mode different from a display step of displaying.
2.根据权利要求I所述的电力视觉化方法,其特征在于, 所述电力管理系统,将基于所述输入侧电力而被充电的蓄电装置中所蓄积的电力设为蓄电池电力,并基于所述输入侧电力和所述蓄电池电力而作为所述负载侧电力供给到所述负载, 所述显示步骤,将所述蓄电池电力分类为按每个所述发电方式的发电电力,且按照所述发电方式的每个区分而使显示样式不同地进行显示。 The visual power of the method as claimed in claim I, wherein the power storage device power management system, based on the input-side power is charged in the storage battery to the power stored in the electric power, based on the power input side and the power of the battery as a power supply to the load side of said load, said displaying step, the generated power to battery power classification for each of the power generation, and in accordance with the each of the electric power generation mode to display different display style.
3.根据权利要求I或2所述的电力视觉化方法,其特征在于, 所述输入侧电力构成为包括:外部商用电力、以及从太阳能电池以太阳能发电方式进行发电的太阳能发电电力。 The visual power I or the method of claim 2, wherein said power input side is configured to include: an external commercial power, and solar power generation from the solar cell electric power generation in solar power generation.
4.根据权利要求3所述的电力视觉化方法,其特征在于, 所述外部商用电力,由多个发电方式的发电电力构成。 The power of visual method according to claim 3, characterized in that, the external commercial power, the generated power is composed of a plurality of power generation.
5.根据权利要求4所述的电力视觉化方法,其特征在于, 所述显示步骤,将所述蓄电池电力显示为所述输入侧电力。 The power of the visual method as claimed in claim 4, wherein said displaying step, the display of the power of the battery power input side.
6.根据权利要求5所述的电力视觉化方法,其特征在于, 所述显示步骤, 对于所述外部商用电力的多个发电方式和所述太阳能发电方式的每一个方式,根据预先确定的基准,使用表示对环境的影响度的被基准化的基准化指标值,越是所述环境影响度的程度较低的发电方式就越将所述基准化指标值设定得较高,将所述输入侧电力或者所述蓄电池电力或者所述负载侧电力的至少一者分类成按每个所述发电方式的发电电力,显示在所分类后的所述发电电力上分别乘以对应的所述基准化指标值而得到的结果。 The visual power of the method as claimed in claim 5, wherein said displaying step, the plurality of power generation of commercial electric power to each of said external and one embodiment of the solar power generation, according to the predetermined reference , of the reference index value representing the degree of impact on the environment of the reference, the more the lower the degree of environmental impact of the power generation of more of the reference index value is set high, the at least one of the input-side power or battery power, or the power is classified into a load-side power generated by each of the power generation mode, the reference is multiplied by a corresponding display on said generated power after the classification to obtain indicators of value result.
7.根据权利要求6所述的电力视觉化方法,其特征在于,包括: 商用电力供给值取得步骤,按照时间经过而取得所述外部商用电力的电力供给值; 太阳能发电电力供给值取得步骤,按照所述时间经过而取得所述太阳能发电电力的电力供给值; 商用电力分类步骤,对于所述取得的所述外部商用电力的所述电力供给值,按照预先确定的分类顺序,分类成按每个所述发电方式的所述发电电力;以及输出步骤,求得并输出:针对所述输入侧电力,在所述外部商用电力的所述多个发电方式的每个发电方式的所述发电电力和所述太阳能发电电力的与所述电力供给值对应的所述太阳能发电方式的所述发电电力的每一个上,根据所述发电方式的不同而分别乘以与各自的发电方式对应的所述基准化指标值而得到的值, 所述显示步骤,按每个所述发电方式来区分按照所 The power of visual method according to claim 6, characterized in that, comprising: a commercial power supply value acquiring step acquires a value of the electric power supplied to the external commercial power according to the time elapsed; solar power supply electric power value acquisition step, the power supply according to the acquired value of the solar power generation elapsed time; classification step of the commercial power, the power supply to the external commercial power value of the acquired, according to a predetermined sort order, every classified into the power generation of said power generation; and an output step, and outputting obtained: for the power input side, each of said plurality of power generation of the power generation in the external commercial power generation power and on the solar power generation of the solar power generation with the power supply electric power value corresponding to each of the generated power, depending on the power generation being multiplied by the respective corresponding said power generation reference index value of a value obtained by the step of displaying, for each of the power generation in accordance with the way to distinguish 述时间经过而输出的结果,并显示在显示部上。 After said time and outputs the result, and displayed on the display unit.
8. 一种电力视觉化装置,是对于电力管理系统中的输入侧电力或者负载侧电力,将其电力的内容进行视觉化的装置,所述电力管理装置将以多个发电方式所发电的电力设为所述输入侧电力和基于所述输入侧电力而作为所述负载侧电力供给到负载,所述电力视觉化装置的特征在于,包括: 将所述输入侧电力或者所述负载侧电力分类为按每个发电方式的发电电力,且按照所述发电方式的每个区分而使显示方式不同地进行显示的显示部。 8. A power visualization means for the input power-side power management system or a load-side power, the content of the visual power of the apparatus, a plurality of power generation will be the power generation electric power management device and the power input side to the input side of the electric power based on a load side of the power supply to a load, the power of the visual apparatus characterized by comprising: the power of the input side or the load side of the power classification each of the power generated by power generation, and each of said power generation method to distinguish the different display mode to display unit display.
9.根据权利要求8所述的电力视觉化装置,其特征在于, 所述电力管理系统,将基于所述输入侧电力而被充电的蓄电装置中所蓄积的电力设为蓄电池电力,并基于所述输入侧电力和所述蓄电池电力而作为所述负载侧电力供给到所述负载, 所述显示部,将所述蓄电池电力分类为按每个所述发电方式的发电电力,且按照所述发电方式的每个区分而使显示样式不同地进行显示。 9. The power of the visual apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the power management system, the power storage device based on the input-side power is charged in the storage battery to the power stored in the electric power, based on the power input side and the power of the battery as a power supply to the load side of the load, the display unit, the battery power is classified for each of the power generation electric power generation, and in accordance with the each of the electric power generation mode to display different display style.
10.根据权利要求8或9所述的电力视觉化装置,其特征在于, 所述输入侧电力构成为包括:外部商用电力、以及从太阳能电池以太阳能发电方式进行发电的太阳能发电电力。 10.8 visualization power device according to claim 9, wherein the power input side is configured to include: an external commercial power, and solar power generation from the solar cell electric power generation in solar power generation.
11.根据权利要求10所述的电力视觉化装置,其特征在于, 所述外部商用电力,由多个发电方式的发电电力构成。 11. The power of the visual apparatus according to claim 10, wherein said external commercial power, the generated power is composed of a plurality of power generation.
12.根据权利要求11所述的电力视觉化装置,其特征在于, 所述显示部,将所述蓄电池电力显示为所述输入侧电力。 12. The power of the visual apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the display unit, the battery power is displayed as the input power side.
13.根据权利要求12所述的电力视觉化装置,其特征在于, 所述显示部, 对于所述外部商用电力的多个发电方式和所述太阳能发电方式的每一个方式,根据预先确定的基准,使用表示对环境的影响度的被基准化的基准化指标值,越是所述环境影响度的程度较低的发电方式就越将所述基准化指标值设定得较高,将所述输入侧电力或者所述蓄电池电力或者所述负载侧电力的至少一者分类成按每个所述发电方式的发电电力,显示在所分类后的所述发电电力上分别乘以对应的所述基准化指标值而得到的结果。 13. The power of the visual apparatus according to claim 12, wherein said display unit, with respect to the external commercial power to the plurality of power generation and solar power generation in each of said one aspect, in accordance with a predetermined reference , of the reference index value representing the degree of impact on the environment of the reference, the more the lower the degree of environmental impact of the power generation of more of the reference index value is set high, the at least one of the input-side power or battery power, or the power is classified into a load-side power generated by each of the power generation mode, the reference is multiplied by a corresponding display on said generated power after the classification to obtain indicators of value result.
14.根据权利要求13所述的电力视觉化装置,其特征在于,包括: 商用电力供给值取得部,其按照时间经过而取得所述外部商用电力的电力供给值; 太阳能发电电力供给值取得部,其按照所述时间经过而取得所述太阳能发电电力的电力供给值; 商用电力分类部,其对于所述取得的所述外部商用电力的所述电力供给值,按照预先确定的分类顺序,分类成按每个所述发电方式的所述发电电力;以及输出部,其求得并输出:针对所述输入侧电力,在所述外部商用电力的所述多个发电方式的每个发电方式的所述发电电力和所述太阳能发电电力的与所述电力供给值对应的所述太阳能发电方式的所述发电电力的每一个上,根据所述发电方式的不同而分别乘以与各自的发电方式对应的所述基准化指标值而得到的值, 所述显示部,按每个所述发电方式来区分按照所 14. The power of the visual apparatus according to claim 13, wherein, comprising: a commercial power supply value acquiring unit that acquires the power of the external commercial power supply value according to time elapsed; solar power supply electric power value obtaining unit , which is acquired in accordance with said elapsed time value of electric power supplied to the electric power of the solar power generation; commercial power classification unit, which value the power supply to the external commercial power to the acquired, according to a predetermined order of classification, the classification to each of the power generation by the power generation; and an output section, which is obtained and output: an input side of said power for each of the plurality of power generation in the power generation mode of the external commercial power on each of the solar power generation and the generated power of the solar power generation with the power supply electric power value corresponding to power generation, the power generation mode depending respectively multiplied with a respective power generation the reference value of the index corresponding to the value obtained, the display unit, for each of the power generation in accordance with the way to distinguish 时间经过而输出的结果,并显示在显示部上。 Elapsed time and outputting a result, and displayed on the display unit.
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