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CN102684285A - Float charging machine for load and storage battery pack - Google Patents

Float charging machine for load and storage battery pack Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102684285A
CN102684285A CN 201210183363 CN201210183363A CN102684285A CN 102684285 A CN102684285 A CN 102684285A CN 201210183363 CN201210183363 CN 201210183363 CN 201210183363 A CN201210183363 A CN 201210183363A CN 102684285 A CN102684285 A CN 102684285A
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wing
pack
battery
storage
hollow
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CN 201210183363
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Chinese (zh)
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田应官
高国彬
黄明哲
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田应官
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Abstract

The invention discloses a float charging machine for a load and a storage battery pack, comprising the storage battery pack, a power generator and a wing component; the wing component comprises four hollow wings, a wing shaft and a rotary wheel fixed on the wing shaft, and the wing component is mounted on the front air inlet position of a vehicle; each of the four hollow wings is in an elongated hollow structure, the two sides of each of the elongated hollow wing are in identical nonlinear semi-elliptical curved surface shape, the curvature of the front end is higher, the curvature of the rear end is lower, and the four hollow wings are uniformly distributed at the upper, lower, front and the back positions of the rotary wheel and is in parallel with the wing shaft; a drive shaft of the power generator is coaxially connected with the wing shaft; and the power generator is connected with the storage battery pack through a charging device and a direct-current bus bar, and the load of the vehicle is connected with the storage battery pack in parallel. The floating charging machine can solve the technical problem of float charging for a load and a storage battery pack of a pure electric vehicle.

Description

负载与蓄电池组浮充机 Load battery float machine

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种纯电动车辆负载与蓄电池组浮充机。 [0001] The present invention relates to a pure electric vehicle battery pack and the load float machine.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着科学技术不断的发展,人民生活水平的提高,对节能减排,节能降耗,节能环保要求越来越高。 [0002] With the continuous development of science and technology to improve people's living standards, energy conservation, energy saving, energy saving and environmental protection have become increasingly demanding. 利用行驶产生的空气动力能,来解决纯电动车辆浮充技术问题,必然越来越受到人们的重视。 Use of air power running energy produced, pure electric vehicles float to solve technical problems, inevitably more and more people's attention.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种用于纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充机,以解决纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充技术问题。 [0003] The object of the present invention to provide a battery float machine load for a pure electric vehicle, the battery pack with the load in order to solve technical problems float pure electric vehicle.

[0004] 本发明为了实现上述发明目的,所采用的技术方案如下:· [0004] The present invention to achieve the above object, the technical solutions adopted as follows:

[0005] 一种负载与蓄电池组浮充机,包括蓄电池组、发电机和风翼组件;所述风翼组件包括四个空心风翼、风翼轴和固定在风翼轴上的旋转轮,该风翼组件安装在车辆的前部进风位置;四个空心风翼均为长条形的空心结构,长条体的两侧呈相同的非线性半椭圆型曲面形状,其前端的曲率较大,后端的曲率较小,四个空心风翼按上、下、前、后位置,与风翼轴平行的均布在旋转轮的周侧;所述发电机的驱动轴与风翼轴为同轴连接;所述发电机通过充电装置与直流母线与蓄电池连接,车辆的负载与蓄电池为并联关系。 [0005] A battery load float machine, comprising a battery, a generator and wind vane assembly; said wing assembly includes a rotating wing wheel axle four hollow wing, the wing and the fixed shaft, the wing assembly is mounted on the front portion of the inlet position of a vehicle; wing are four hollow elongated hollow structure, both sides of the elongated body is the same as a non-linear semi-elliptic curved shape, the curvature of the front end of the large , the smaller the curvature of the rear end, the hollow wing by four upper, lower, front and rear positions, and the wing axis parallel uniformly distributed circumferential side of the rotating wheel; drive shaft of the generator and the wing is the same connecting shaft; DC bus connected to the generator and the battery by the charging device, the battery of the vehicle load in parallel relationship.

[0006] 所述发电机为一对,直接耦合在风翼转轴两端的连接法兰上。 The [0006] a pair of generators directly coupled to the connecting flange on both ends of the wing rotating shaft.

[0007] 本发明的优点是提供电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充工作。 [0007] The advantage of the present invention is to provide an electric vehicle battery floating work load.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 图I是本发明的在轴水平时前空心风翼Al的力学模型剖面图。 [0008] Figure I is a mechanical model when the shaft horizontal sectional view of the front of the hollow wing Al present invention.

[0009] 图2是本发明的在轴水平时后空心风翼C3的力学模型剖面图。 [0009] FIG. 2 is a model sectional view of the hollow wing C3 mechanical axis is horizontal when the present invention.

[0010] 图3是本发明的在轴垂直时上空心风翼B2的力学模型剖面图。 [0010] FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view showing a dynamic model of the upper wing B2 hollow shaft in the present invention.

[0011] 图4是本发明的在轴垂直时下空心风翼D4、力学模型剖面图。 [0011] FIG. 4 is a vertical shaft of the invention Nowadays hollow wing D4, sectional view of the mechanical model.

[0012] 图5是本发明的风翼组件的侧视结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 5 is a schematic side view of the assembly of the wing structure of the present invention.

[0013] 图6是本发明的风翼组件的俯视结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 6 is a schematic structural plan view of the wing assembly of the present invention.

[0014] 附图中编号:1、前空心风翼A,2、上空心风翼B,3、后空心风翼C,4、下空心风翼D,5、风翼轴,6、旋转轮,7、法兰,8、发电机I,9、发电机II,10、涡系。 [0014] FIG numbered: 1, before the hollow wing A, 2, hollow wing B, 3, the hollow wing C, 4, the lower hollow wing D, 5, wing shaft 6, the rotary wheel , 7, flanges 8, the generator I, 9, generators II, 10, vortices.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 本发明的是实施例参见图5、6,包括蓄电池组、发电机8、9和风翼组件; [0015] Example embodiments of the present invention Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, includes a battery group, 8,9 wind turbine wing assembly;

[0016] 所述风翼组件包括四个空心风翼1、2、3、4、风翼轴5和固定在风翼轴上的旋转轮6,该风翼组件安装在车辆的前部进风位置;四个空心风翼1、2、3、4均为长条形的空心结构,长条体的两侧呈相同的非线性半椭圆型曲面形状,其前端的曲率较大,后端的曲率较小,四个空心风翼按上、下、前、后位置,与风翼轴5平行的均布在旋转轮6的周侧;所述发电机8、9的驱动轴与风翼轴5为同轴连接;所述发电机8、9通过充电装置与直流母线与蓄电池组连接,车辆的负载与蓄电池为并联关系。 [0016] The wing assembly comprises four hollow 1,2,3,4 wing, wing fixed to the rotary shaft 5 and the wheel axis 6 wing, the wing assembly is mounted on the front portion of the vehicle inlet position; 1,2,3,4 wing are four hollow elongated hollow structure, both sides of the elongated body is the same as a non-linear semi-elliptic curved shape, the front end of the large curvature, the curvature of the rear end small, hollow wing by four upper, lower, front and rear positions, and the wing shaft 5 are distributed in circumferential parallel side rotary wheel 6; 8, 9 of the drive shaft and the generator shaft 5 wing coaxial connector; 8,9 the generator connected to the DC bus and the battery pack by the charging device, the battery of the vehicle load in parallel relationship. 所述发电机为一对8、9,直接耦合在风翼转轴5两端的连接法兰7上。 8 and 9 a pair of the generator, directly coupled on the rotating shaft connected to both ends of the wing flange 57.

[0017] 本发明保护范围不仅仅局限于上述具体实施方式,其他人作出非本质性改进,均属于本发明的保护范围之内。 The scope [0017] of the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiment, the non-essential improvements to others, fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0018] 本发明所称的浮充特性:蓄电池组是纯电动车辆电力车载直流系统的备用电源。 [0018] The present invention is referred to float features: a battery backup power DC electric vehicle onboard power system. 浮充线路特点,是电池组与浮充机电源线路并联地连接到负载电路上。 Float line characteristic, the floating unit is battery power supply line connected in parallel to the load circuit. 在正常的运行状态下,与直流母线相连的充电装置,除对常规负载供电外,还向蓄电池组提供浮充电流,这种运行方式称为全浮充工作方式,简称浮充运行。 Under normal operating condition, the charging means connected to the DC bus, in addition to conventional load, but also to provide a battery float current, this operation is called a full float mode of operation, referred to as the float operation. 浮充是蓄电池组的一种供(放)电方式,系统将蓄电池组与浮充机电源线路并联连接到负载电路上,他的电压大体上是恒定的,仅略高于蓄电池组的端电压,由浮充机电源线路所供的少量电流来补偿蓄电池组局部作用的损耗,以使其能经常保持在充电满足状态而不致过充电。 Float for a battery pack (discharge), the system is connected to a battery pack to the power supply lines in parallel to the load circuit float machine, his voltage is substantially constant, only slightly higher than the terminal voltage of the battery pack , small amount of current from the power supply line of the floating unit to compensate for the loss of the battery pack locally acting, so that it can keep the state of charge without overcharging satisfied. 因此,蓄电池组可随浮充机电源线路电压上下波动而进行充放电,当负载较轻而浮充机电源线路电压较高时,蓄电池组即进行充电,当负载较重或浮充机电源发生中断时,蓄电池组则进行放电,分担部分或全部负载。 Thus, the battery pack may fluctuate with the charge and discharge power on the float line voltage when the load is light and the floating high voltage power supply line machine, i.e. battery charging or float heavy load occurs when the power machine interrupt, the battery is discharged, some or all of the load balancing. 这样,蓄电池组便起到稳压作用,并处于备用状态。 Thus, the battery pack will play the role of regulator, and in the standby state. 浮充供电工作方式可分为半浮充和全浮充两种。 Floating power supply work can be divided into semi-floating and full-floating two kinds. 当部分时间(浮充机受同步力作用下启动旋转时)进行浮充供电,而另外部分时间(浮充机停转时)由蓄电池组单独供电的工作方式,称为半浮充工作方式,或称定期全浮充工作方式。 When (float machine starts when the rotational force receiving synchronous) time powered floating portion, and the other part-time (when the machine is stopped float) powered by a separate battery pack work, known as semi-float mode of operation, also known as a regular full-floating work. 倘全部时间均由浮充机电源线路与蓄电池组并联浮充供电,则称为全浮充工作方式,或称连续浮充工作方式。 If all the time by the power line and the floating unit battery powered floating in parallel, it is called a full float mode of operation, known as continuous or float mode of operation.

[0019] 以浮充工作方式使用的蓄电池组,其寿命一般较全充放工作方式者要长,而且可改用较小些容量的蓄电池组来代替。 [0019] In the battery pack used in float mode of operation, its life generally more full charge discharge were to work longer, but these could be replaced by a smaller battery capacity instead.

[0020] 本发明所称的同步力,根据空气动力学中,非线性椭圆型偏微分方程理论和近似方法,通过实验和观察,对流动现象和机理进行分析,提出合理的力学模型,参加图I、图2、图3、图4,该模型遵循:运动学方面,遵循质量守恒定律;动力学方面,遵循牛顿第二定律;能量转换和传递方面,遵循能量守恒定律。 [0020] The present invention is referred to synchronizing force, aerodynamically, the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and elliptic approximation method, the flow phenomena and mechanisms were analyzed by experiments and observations, a reasonable mechanical model, see FIG. I, 2, 3, 4, the model follows: kinematics, following the law of conservation of mass; dynamics, Newton's second law; terms of energy conversion and transfer, following the law of conservation of energy. 热力学方面,遵循热力学第一和第二定律。 Thermodynamics, following the first and second law of thermodynamics. 介质属性方面,遵循相应的气体状态方程和粘性,导热性的变化规律等。 Media attribute aspect, follow the appropriate viscosity and gas equation of state, the variation of the thermal conductivity and the like. 空心风翼在行驶空气中穿过将气流分隔开来,参见图1,一部分空气从空心风翼上方流过,另一部分从下方流过。 Hollow wing through the air with the gas stream in spaced apart, see FIG. 1, the upper wing portion of the air from the air flowing through the hollow, the other part flowing from below. 空气的流动在日常生活中是看不见的,但低速气流的流动却与水流有较大的相似性,日常的生活经验告诉我们,当水流以一个相对稳定的流量流过河床时,在河面较宽的地方流速慢,在河床较窄的地方流速较快,流过空心风翼的气流与河流中的流水类似。 The flow of air is invisible in everyday life, but the flow of low-speed air stream has a greater similarity with the flow, daily life experience tells us that when the water flow at a relatively steady flow through the river bed, the river than wide local slow flow, fast flow rate in bed narrow place, similar to the airflow through the hollow wing and rivers in the water.

[0021] 由于空心风翼是不对称的,其前端的曲率较大,后端的曲率较小,流过空心风翼上表面的气流就类似于较窄地方的流水,流速较快,而流过空心风翼下面的气流正好相反,类似于较宽地方的流水,流速较上表面的气流慢,根据流体力学的基本原理,流动慢的大气压强较大,而流动快的大气压较小,这样空心风翼下表面的压强就比上表面的压强高,换一句话说,就是大气施加于空心风翼下表面的压力(方向向上图I)比施加于空心风翼上表面的压力(方向向下图I)大,二者的压力差便形成了空心风翼在轴水平时前风轮翼产生升力。 [0021] Since the hollow wing is asymmetrical, a large curvature, the curvature of the rear end of the smaller flow through the upper wing surface of the hollow air flow is similar to the front end of the narrow parts of the water, the faster the flow rate, flow through the a hollow airflow below the wing opposite, similar to the wider parts of water, the flow rate slower than the upper surface of the stream, according to the basic principles of fluid mechanics, the atmospheric pressure greater slow flow, fast flow and the smaller the atmospheric pressure, so that the hollow pressure lower surface of the wing than the high pressure surface, in other words, is the atmospheric pressure applied to the lower surface of the hollow wing (upward direction in FIG. I) pressure ratio is applied to the hollow wing surface (downward direction in FIG. I) large, the pressure difference between the two will form a hollow wind turbine wing before the wing to generate lift during the horizontal axis. 图1,在轴水平后空心风翼与上述原理相反,产生下降力,参加图2。 1, a horizontal hollow shaft opposite the wing with the principle described above, generates a falling force, see FIG. 2.

[0022] 空心风翼产生升力和下降力的原因,简单来说,电动车辆向前行驶得越快,空心风翼产生的气动力也就越大,当升力(图I所示)和下降力(图2所示)大于发电机磁场力(称为重力)时,就可以同步发电,当升力(图I所示)和下降力(图2所示)小于发电机磁场力(称为重力)时,在轴垂直时上空心风翼,参加图3,由电动车辆的向前作用力,产生推力。 [0022] causing the hollow wing to generate lift force and lowered simply, the faster the electric vehicle is moving forward, a hollow aerodynamic wing produced greater, and when the lift force is decreased (FIG. The I) ( as shown in FIG.) is greater than the magnetic force generator 2 (sometimes referred to as gravity), the power generation can be synchronized, when the lift (FIG. I) and lowering force (shown below) is less than the magnetic force generator 2 (referred to as gravity) , the upper vertical wing of the hollow shaft, see FIG. 3, the forward biasing force by the electric vehicle, to produce thrust.

[0023] 当轴垂直时,下空心风翼参见图4,一定的倾斜角(称为攻角或迎角)对称气流分隔开来流过并在空心风翼尾部产生一个涡系10,(称为卡门涡街),就会产生回流脉冲,行成回力,参见图4。 [0023] When the vertical axis, the hollow wing Referring to Figure 4, a certain inclination angle (referred to as the angle of attack or angle of attack) symmetrically spaced apart gas stream flowing through line 10 and generates a vortex in the hollow tail wing, ( called Karman vortex street), it will produce a pulse at reflux, back into the power line, see Fig.

[0024] 根据上述方面的物理定律,纯电动车辆向前行驶阻力zuli,空气产生的向后作用力气流,经空心风翼图I、图2、图3、图4漂浮同步受力,是一门新学科,即同步力学,是空气动力学的一个分支,它主要研究漂浮物体,在同气体作相对运动情况下漂浮受力特性,气体流动规律和伴随发生的物理、化学变化。 [0024] According to the above aspect of the laws of physics, the pure electric vehicle forward running resistance zuli, rearward force generated by the flow of air, through the hollow wing FIG. I, 2, 3, 4, synchronize the floating force, is a new discipline, i.e. mechanical synchronization, is a branch of aerodynamics, which main floating object floating force characteristics, gas flow patterns and physical and chemical changes occurring in the accompanying relative movement of the gas with the case. 它是流体力学的基础上发展成长起来的一门新学科。 It was developed on the basis of fluid mechanics grew up on a new subject. 是指浮充机安装在纯电动车辆的前部进风位,利用行驶产生同步力学转换为空气动力能发电,一般约占纯电动车辆前部进风位< 75%。 Float means installed in front of the inlet portion of the pure electric vehicle position, using a synchronous running produce mechanical energy is converted to the aerodynamic power generation, electric vehicle generally comprises from about the front portion of the inlet bits <75%.

[0025] 本发明的具体实施举例如下: [0025] In particular embodiments of the present invention are for example as follows:

[0026] 首先,将浮充机,安装在纯电动车辆的前部进风位,由纯电动车辆约行驶40km/h以上时速与风速19-20m/s时,四个空心风翼,前空心风翼A、上空心风翼B、后空心风翼C、下空心风翼D,受同步力作用下启动旋转带动发电机发电,提供纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充工作。 When [0026] First, the float machine, mounted on the front portion of the inlet position pure electric vehicle, the electric vehicle is traveling about 40km / h or more per hour wind speed 19-20m / s, four hollow wing, before the hollow wing a, B on the hollow wing, the hollow wing C, D wing lower hollow, receiving the synchronous rotational force promoter driven generator to provide floating work load battery electric vehicles.

[0027] 所述的前空心风翼Al固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的前部; [0027] The front hollow wing Al rotating wheel fixed to the front wing portion 6 of the shaft 5;

[0028] 所述的上空心风翼B2固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的上部; [0028] The upper wing B2 hollow rotating wheel fixed to the upper wing 6 of the shaft 5;

[0029] 所述的后空心风翼C3固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的后部; [0029] After the hollow wing fixed to the rear wing C3 shaft 5 of the wheel 6;

[0030] 所述的下空心风翼D4固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的下部; Lower hollow wing D4 [0030] The rotating wheel is fixed to the lower wing 6 of the shaft 5;

[0031] 所述的发电机I 8和发电机II 9直接耦合风翼轴5两段法兰。 [0031] I 8 of the generator and the generator is coupled directly II 9 5 two wing shaft flange.

[0032] 按上述步骤,本发明的浮充机参见图5和图6,安装在纯电动车辆前部进风位,经路况行驶测试,纯电动车辆行驶40km/h以上时速与风速19-20m/s时,四个空心风翼受同步力作用下启动旋转带动发电机发电,提供纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充工作。 [0032] The above steps, see FIG float machine of the present invention in FIG. 5 and 6, mounted on the front portion of the inlet position pure electric vehicle, the road conditions tested, pure electric vehicle is traveling 40km / h or more speed and wind speed 19-20m / s, the four hollow wing by rotation drive force of the synchronous start generator, provided with battery floating work load electric vehicle.

[0033] 本发明的浮充机用途:主要用于“和谐号”动车组,亦用于电动车辆,也使用无人飞行器,适用于游轮船等。 [0033] The floating unit according to the invention uses: mainly used for "Harmony" EMU, also for an electric vehicle, an unmanned aerial vehicle also be used for travel and ships.

Claims (2)

  1. 1. 一种负载与蓄电池组浮充机,包括蓄电池组、发电机和风翼组件;其特征在于,所述风翼组件包括四个空心风翼、风翼轴和固定在风翼轴上的旋转轮,该风翼组件安装在车辆的前部进风位置;四个空心风翼均为长条形的空心结构,长条体的两侧呈相同的非线性半椭圆型曲面形状,其前端的曲率较大,后端的曲率较小,四个空心风翼按上、下、前、后位置,与风翼轴平行的均布在旋转轮的周侧;所述发电机的驱动轴与风翼轴为同轴连接;所述发电机通过充电装置与直流母线与蓄电池组连接,车辆的负载与蓄电池为并联关系。 A battery load float machine, comprising a battery, a generator and wind vane assembly; wherein said wing assembly includes a wing rotating shaft of the four hollow wing, the wing and the fixed shaft wheel, the wing assembly is mounted in the inlet position of the front portion of the vehicle; wing are four hollow elongated hollow structure, both sides of the elongated body is the same as a non-linear semi-elliptic curved shape, the front end thereof large curvature, the smaller the curvature of the rear end, the hollow wing by four upper, lower, front and rear positions, and the wing axis parallel uniformly distributed circumferential side of the rotating wheel; drive shaft of the generator and wing the coaxial connector shaft; DC bus connected to the generator and the battery by the charging device, the battery of the vehicle load in parallel relationship.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的一种负载与蓄电池组浮充机,其特征在于,所述发电机为一对,直接耦合在风翼转轴两端的连接法兰上。 A load according to claim battery and said float unit I, wherein the generator is a pair of directly coupled to the connecting flange on the shaft ends of the wing.
CN 201210183363 2012-06-05 2012-06-05 Float charging machine for load and storage battery pack CN102684285A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1074658A (en) * 1992-01-22 1993-07-28 郭剑 Wind-electricity energy storage electric vehicle
CN1899871A (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-01-24 郭粤生 Automatic charging environment friendly vehicle
CN101405504A (en) * 2006-04-10 2009-04-08 西门子公司 The wind turbine rotor blade
CN101451501A (en) * 2007-12-05 2009-06-10 王德恒;陈柯玛玲 Motor vehicle system driven by wind power
CN101472795A (en) * 2006-03-17 2009-07-01 萨尔布兰德·卡翰 Rotary fluid dynamic utility structure
CN101769266A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-07-07 上海交通大学 Centrifugal fan blade
CN202732235U (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-02-13 田应官 Floating charge machine for load and storage battery

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1074658A (en) * 1992-01-22 1993-07-28 郭剑 Wind-electricity energy storage electric vehicle
CN1899871A (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-01-24 郭粤生 Automatic charging environment friendly vehicle
CN101472795A (en) * 2006-03-17 2009-07-01 萨尔布兰德·卡翰 Rotary fluid dynamic utility structure
CN101405504A (en) * 2006-04-10 2009-04-08 西门子公司 The wind turbine rotor blade
CN101451501A (en) * 2007-12-05 2009-06-10 王德恒;陈柯玛玲 Motor vehicle system driven by wind power
CN101769266A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-07-07 上海交通大学 Centrifugal fan blade
CN202732235U (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-02-13 田应官 Floating charge machine for load and storage battery

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