CN102682505B - Access identity authentication method - Google Patents

Access identity authentication method Download PDF

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CN102682505B
CN102682505B CN 201210127779 CN201210127779A CN102682505B CN 102682505 B CN102682505 B CN 102682505B CN 201210127779 CN201210127779 CN 201210127779 CN 201210127779 A CN201210127779 A CN 201210127779A CN 102682505 B CN102682505 B CN 102682505B
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module
information
key
door
authentication method
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CN102682505A (en )
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刘若鹏
栾琳
刘敏
许学君
李春来
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深圳光启创新技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种门禁身份认证方法,其包括如下步骤:S1、光子钥匙发射含有权限信息的光信号给光控门锁;S2、所述光控门锁接收到所述光信号后,根据所述权限信息进行响应。 The present invention relates to an access authentication method, comprising the steps of: S1, photons emitted light signal comprising a key authority information to the lock control light; after S2, the light control signal to the optical receiving door lock, according to the said rights information to respond. 本发明的光子钥匙发射的光信号含有权限信息,通过设置不同的所述权限信息,不同的光子钥匙使用者可开启一扇门、多扇门或所有门,即所述光子钥匙与所述光控门锁之间的通信协议含有权限信息认证,使部分使用者的一把光子钥匙可开多扇门,因而便于管理和使用门禁系统。 Key optical signal emitted photons contains authority information according to the present invention, by setting different the authority information, the key to the different photon user can open a door, door or all doors plurality, i.e. the key and the light photons communication protocol between the lock control authentication authority information containing the user's key portion a photon multiple doors may be opened, thereby facilitating the management and use of access control systems.

Description

门禁身份认证方法 Access authentication method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及门禁系统领域,更具体地说,涉及一种门禁身份认证方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to access control systems, and more particularly, to an access authentication method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 可见光通信是一种以光波为传输媒质的通信方式,其利用荧光灯或发光二极管等发出的肉眼看不到的高速明暗闪烁信号来传输信息。 [0002] The visible light communication is a communication mode for the light wave transmission medium, which uses a fluorescent lamp or a light emitting diode emits invisible light and dark high-speed blinking signal to transmit information. 可见光通信具有以下突出优点:①可见光通信是绿色资源,不存在电磁辐射;②有光就可以进行通信,无通信盲区,方便快捷; ③可见光通信发射功率高;④无需无线电频谱认证;⑤、传输频带宽、通信容量大、保密性好和抗电磁干扰能力强。 The visible light communication has the following outstanding advantages: ① green visible light communication resources, the absence of electromagnetic radiation; ② light communication can be performed, no communications blackout, convenient; ③ high visible light communication transmission power; ④ radio spectrum without certification; ⑤, transmission frequency band, a large communication capacity, a strong privacy and good immunity to electromagnetic interference. 因而,可见光通信在门禁系统中逐渐得到推广应用。 Accordingly, the visible light communication gradually popularized in access control systems.

[0003] 现有基于可见光通信的门禁系统包括光子钥匙及光控门锁,所述光子钥匙设置有开锁密码信息,当开启所述光控门锁时,所述光子钥匙以光信号的形式向所述光控门锁发射开锁密码信息,所述光控门锁收到所述信号后进行开门动作。 [0003] Based on conventional visible light communication access control system comprises a photonic light control keys and locks, the key is provided with a photon unlock password information, when the light control door opening, to the key in the form of photons of the optical signal after the door opening operation of the light emission control lock unlock password information, said door lock receiving said light control signal. 然而,现有的所述光子钥匙与光控门锁是一一对应关系,即一个钥匙只能开一扇门,当要开很多门时必须带很多相应的钥匙,因而不便于管理和使用。 However, the conventional photonic light control key and the lock is one to one relationship, i.e., a key can open a door, when the door must be opened with a lot number corresponding to the key, and therefore not easy to manage and use.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题在于,针对现有技术的上述缺陷,提供一种门禁身份认证方法,通过该门禁身份认证方法可便于管理和使用。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problem, for the above-described drawbacks of the prior art, to provide an access authentication method, by which access authentication method can be easy to manage and use.

[0005] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:提供一种门禁身份认证方法,其包括如下步骤: [0005] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem are: to provide an access authentication method, comprising the steps of:

[0006] S1、光子钥匙发射含有权限信息的光信号给光控门锁; [0006] S1, photons emitted light signal comprising a key authority information to the light control lock;

[0007] S2、所述光控门锁接收到所述光信号后,根据所述权限信息进行响应。 After [0007] S2, the light control signal to the optical receiving door lock, according to the authority information in response.

[0008] 进一步地,所述权限信息包括以下三种权限信息的一种:只可以打开一扇门、可以打开多扇门或可以打开所有门。 [0008] Furthermore, the rights information includes rights information of the following three: a door can only be opened, the door can open more or all of the door can be opened.

[0009] 进一步地,所述权限信息还包括开门的时间段信息。 [0009] Furthermore, the rights information further comprises period information to open the door.

[0010] 进一步地,所述光信号还包括若干门锁ID号,所述光控门锁ID号作为开锁密码。 [0010] Further, the optical signal further comprises a plurality of door lock ID number, the ID number as the light control door unlock password.

[0011] 进一步地,所述光信号还包括开门个数信息,所述开门个数信息与门锁ID号的个数相对应。 [0011] Further, the optical signal further comprises a number of open information, the number of the open door with the number information corresponding to the ID number.

[0012] 进一步地,所述光子钥匙是手机。 [0012] Further, the photon is the key to the phone.

[0013] 进一步地,所述光信号还包括光子钥匙ID号,所述光控门锁接收到所述光子钥匙ID号后,将所述光子钥匙ID号保存到日志文件中。 [0013] Further, the optical signal further comprises a photonic key ID number, after receiving the door lock to the light control key ID number of photons, the photons save key ID number to the log file.

[0014] 进一步地,所述光子钥匙ID号是手机SIM卡的卡号或光子钥匙编号。 [0014] Further, the photonic key ID number is a mobile phone SIM card number or key number of photons.

[0015] 进一步地,所述手机包括信息输入输出模块、微处理器模块、无线通信模块、驱动模块及发光模块;所述信息输入输出模块用于输入及显不信息;所述微处理器模块用于根据从信息输入输出模块及无线通信模块传过来的信息,控制所述驱动模块或将信息通过所述无线通信模块发射出去;所述驱动模块用于根据所述微处理器模块输出的控制信号驱动发光模块发射含有权限信息的光信号。 [0015] Furthermore, the handset includes an information input-output module, a microprocessor module, a wireless communication module, a drive module and a light emitting module; the information input module for inputting and outputting information not significant; the microprocessor module according to information from the information input and output modules pass over a wireless communication module, the drive control module or information through the wireless communication module is emitted; drive means for controlling the output in accordance with the microprocessor module the signal driving the light emitting module to emit light signal including rights information.

[0016] 进一步地,所述光控门锁包括光电探测模块、对数放大器模块、运算放大器模块、 比较器模块、微控制器模块及存储模块;所述光电探测模块用于接收所述光信号,并将所述光信号转换成电流信号;所述对数放大器模块用于将所述电流信号转换成电压信号;所述运算放大器模块用于求出所述电压信号伏值的平均值;所述比较器模块通过所述平均值对所述电压信号的电平进行判别,并将所述判别结果传送微控制器模块;所述微控制器模块用于根据所述比较器输出的电信号,控制所述电控锁主体;所述存储模块用于存储日志文件及门锁ID号。 [0016] Further, the door lock comprises a photoelectric detection light control module, the module logarithmic amplifier, an operational amplifier module, a comparison module, memory module and a microcontroller module; said photodetection means for receiving the optical signal and the optical signal into a current signal; said logarithmic amplifier means for converting the current signal into a voltage signal; the operational amplifier means for obtaining an average value of the voltage signal value V; the said comparator module performed by the average level of the voltage signal is determined, and the determination result transmitting module microcontroller; the microcontroller module based on the electrical signal output of the comparator, controlling the electrically controlled lock body; storage means for storing the log file and the door lock ID number.

[0017] 采用本发明的门禁身份认证方法具有以下有益效果:由于本发明的光子钥匙发射的光信号含有权限信息,通过设置所述权限信息,不同的光子钥匙使用者可开启一扇门、多扇门或所有门。 [0017] The present invention access authentication method has the following advantages: since the optical signal emitted photons key of the invention contains authority information, the authority information provided by the different photon user can open a door key, multi- door or all doors. 即所述光子钥匙与所述光控门锁之间的通信协议含有权限信息认证,使部分使用者的一把光子钥匙可开多扇门,因而便于管理和使用门禁系统。 I.e. the communication protocol between the key and the light photons lock control authentication authority information containing the user key portion of a photon multiple doors may be opened, thereby facilitating the management and use of access control systems.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1是本发明门禁身份认证方法一种实施例的流程图。 [0018] FIG. 1 is an access identity authentication method of the present invention flowchart of FIG.

[0019] 图2是本发明的光子钥匙的原理框图。 [0019] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the present invention a photonic key.

[0020] 图3是本发明光控门锁的原理框图。 [0020] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of the present invention is a light door locks.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0021] 请参阅图1,本发明涉及一种门禁身份认证方法,其包括如下步骤: [0021] Referring to FIG. 1, the present invention relates to an access authentication method, comprising the steps of:

[0022] S1、光子钥匙1发射含有权限信息的光信号给光控门锁2 ; [0022] S1, a key photon emitted light signal comprising light control permission information to the lock 2;

[0023] S2、所述光控门锁2接收到所述光信号后,根据所述权限信息进行响应。 After [0023] S2, the light control lock 2 receives the optical signal, according to the authority information in response.

[0024] 请参阅图2及表1,所述步骤S 1中,所述光子钥匙1设置有光子钥匙IID号,在本实施例中,所述光子钥匙1是手机,所述光子钥匙IID号是手机SIM卡的卡号。 [0024] Please refer to FIG. 2 and Table 1, in the step S 1, the key 1 is provided with a photon-photon IID number keys, in the present embodiment, the photonic key phone 1, the photon number key IID mobile phone SIM card is the card number. 所述手机包括信息输入输出模块11、微处理器模块12、无线通信模块13、驱动模块14及发光模块15。 The handset 11 includes an information input-output module, a microprocessor module 12, a wireless communication module 13, drive module 14 and the light emitting module 15. 所述信息输入输出模块11用于输入及显示信息,其可以是触摸屏或键盘与显示屏的组合。 The information input output module 11 for inputting and displaying information, which may be a combination of keyboard and touch screen or a display screen.

[0025] 所述微处理器模块12用于根据从信息输入输出模块11及无线通信模块13传过来的信息,控制所述驱动模块14或将信息通过所述无线通信模块13发射出去。 [0025] The microprocessor module 12 according to information input and output modules 11 and 13 transmitted from the wireless communication module over, or to control the drive module 1413 by information transmitted out the wireless communication module. 所述微处理器模块12烧录有用于开锁的数据帧,所述数据帧包括权限字段、开门个数字段、门锁ID号字段及光子钥匙IID号字段,所述门锁ID号字段包括若干门锁ID号,即从门锁ID号1到门锁ID号N,所述门锁ID号作为开锁密码。 The microprocessor module 12 is programmed with a data frame for unlocking, said data frame comprising a permission field, the field number of the door, the door lock ID number field and photon IID key number field, the door lock ID number field includes a plurality of door lock ID number, i.e. the door lock ID number to the ID number N 1, the door lock ID number as the unlock password. 所述驱动模块14用于根据所述微处理器模块12输出的控制信号驱动发光模块15发射含有权限信息的光信号。 Driving the optical signal 14 containing the information authority control signal driving the light emitting module 12 of the microprocessor in accordance with the output of means for emitting module 15. L0027」 表1 L0027 "Table 1

Figure CN102682505BD00041

[0028] 请参阅图3,所述步骤S2中,所述光控门锁2包括光电探测模块21、对数放大器模块22、运算放大器模块23、比较器模块24、微控制器模块25及存储模块26 ;所述光电探测模块21用于接收所述光信号,并将所述光信号转换成电流信号;所述对数放大器模块22用于将所述电流信号转换成电压信号;所述运算放大器模块23用于求出所述电压信号伏值的平均值;所述比较器模块24通过所述平均值对所述电压信号的电平进行判别,并将所述判别结果传送微控制器模块25 ;所述微控制器模块25用于根据所述比较器输出的电信号, 控制门锁开启或关闭;所述存储模块26用于存储日志文件及门锁ID号,所述微控制器模块25电连接到服务器(图中未示),以便于服务器调取所述日志文件,进而为管理门禁系统提供便利。 [0028] Referring to FIG. 3, the step S2, the light control lock 2 includes a photoelectric detection module 21, a logarithmic amplifier module 22, an operational amplifier module 23, a comparator module 24, microcontroller 25 and memory module module 26; the photo detection module 21 for receiving the optical signal, and converting the optical signal into a current signal; said logarithmic amplifier module 22 for converting the current signal into a voltage signal; the operational amplifier module 23 for obtaining the average value of the voltage signal value V; and the comparator module 24 by the average value of the voltage level of the signal is determined, and the determination result transmitting microcontroller module 25; the microcontroller module 25 for outputting an electric signal according to the comparator, a control to open or close the door; the storage module 26 to store the log file and the door lock ID number, the micro-controller 25 is electrically connected to a server (not shown), to facilitate the transfer of the log file server, and further access system to facilitate management.

[0029] 本发明的工作原理是:通过触发所述光子钥匙1的信息输入输出模块11的开门按键,则所述微处理器模块12根据所述开锁的数据帧控制所述驱动模块14,使所述驱动模块14驱动所述发光模块15发射含有权限信息、开门个数信息、门锁ID号信息及光子钥匙IID 号信息的光信号。 [0029] The working principle of the present invention are: the photonic key information by triggering an input-output module 11 of the door key, then the microprocessor module 12 according to the control data frame to unlock the drive module 14, so that the driving module 14 drives the light emitting module 15 emits contains authority information, the number of open optical information signal, the door lock ID photon number information and key number information IID. 所述光控门锁2接收到所述光信号后,对所述光信号进行解析。 After the light control lock 2 receives the optical signal, the optical signal analyzing.

[0030] 若所述权限信息是可以打开所有门,则所述微控制器模块25直接控制所述门锁开启,并将光子钥匙IID号信息保存到所述存储模块26的日志文件中;若所述权限信息是可以打开多扇门,此时要根据开门个数信息来查找相应个数的门锁ID号,并将接收过来的所述门锁ID号与锁端的门锁ID号进行比较,若匹配,则所述微控制器模块25控制所述门锁开启,并将光子钥匙IID号信息保存到所述存储模块26的日志文件中;若所述权限信息是只可以打开一扇门,则直接将接收过来的所述门锁ID号与锁端的门锁ID号进行比较,若匹配,则所述微控制器模块25控制所述门锁开启,并将光子钥匙IID号信息保存到所述存储模块26的日志文件中。 [0030] When the authority information of all doors can be opened, then the micro-controller 25 directly controls the door opening, and save key IID photon number information to the log file storage module 26; if the authority information can open more doors, this time to look up the corresponding number to the ID number according to the number of door lock information and said door lock over the ID number received is compared with the ID number of the lock side door If the match, the microcontroller 25 controls the opening of the door module, and save key IID photon number information to the log file storage module 26; if only the right information may open a door , the door lock ID number received directly over the ID number is compared with the door lock end, if matched, then the micro-controller 25 controls the door lock is turned on, and stores a photon number information to key IID the memory module 26 in a log file. 通过保存所述光子钥匙IID号信息,可以了解光子钥匙1的使用情况。 By storing the number of photons IID key information, the key to understand the use of a photon case.

[0031] 请参阅表2,其为本发明第二种实施例的数据帧格式的原理框图。 [0031] See Table 2, a functional block diagram of a data frame format according to which a second embodiment of the present invention. 本实施例与所述第一种实施例相似,其不同之处在于:本实施例的数据帧格式中还包括开锁的时间段字段。 This embodiment is similar to the embodiment of the first embodiment, except that it: a data frame format according to the present embodiment further includes a field period unlocking. 通过对开锁时间进行限制,从而限制某部分人对某个场所的使用时间段,进而便于管理。 By unlocking time limit, thus limiting the number of people using certain period of time to a place, and thus easy to manage.

Figure CN102682505BD00051

[0033] 表2 [0033] TABLE 2

[0034] 综上所述,由于本发明的光子钥匙1发射的光信号含有权限信息,通过设置所述权限信息,不同的光子钥匙1使用者可开启一扇门、多扇门或所有门,即所述光子钥匙1与所述光控门锁2之间的通信协议含有权限信息认证,使部分使用者的一把光子钥匙1可开多扇门,因而便于管理和使用门禁系统。 [0034] As described above, since the light signal emitted photons key of the invention comprising a rights information provided by the authority information, the key to a different photon user can open a door, door or all doors plurality, i.e., the photonic communication protocol between the key 1 and 2, the lock comprising light control authority information authentication, the user makes a key portion of a photon can be multiple door opening, thus facilitating the management and use of access control systems.

[0035] 上面结合附图对本发明的实施例进行了描述,但是本发明并不局限于上述的具体实施方式,上述的具体实施方式仅仅是示意性的,而不是限制性的,本领域的普通技术人员在本发明的启示下,在不脱离本发明宗旨和权利要求所保护的范围情况下,还可做出很多形式,例如,所述光子钥匙1是呈笔状,所述光信号只含有权限信息等,这些均属于本发明的保护之内。 , Binding of ordinary [0035] The above drawings, embodiments of the present invention have been described, but the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments described above specific embodiments are merely illustrative, and not restrictive the art in light of the present invention, the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit and the protection of the claims, may be made in many forms, for example, the key 1 is in the form of photons pen-shaped, comprising only the optical signal rights information, etc., which fall within the protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,包括如下步骤: 51、 光子钥匙发射含有权限信息、开门个数信息、门锁ID号信息及光子钥匙ID号信息的光信号给光控门锁; 52、 所述光控门锁接收到所述光信号后,根据所述光信号所含有的信息进行响应。 An access authentication method, comprising the steps of: 51, containing a photon emission rights key information, the number of open information, the optical information signal and the ID number of photons lock key ID number information to control the light lock ; 52, after receiving the door lock control light to the optical signal, in response to the information contained in the optical signal.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述权限信息包括以下三种权限信息的一种:只可以打开一扇门、可以打开多扇门或可以打开所有门。 2. The access authentication method according to claim 1, wherein said rights information includes rights information of the following three: a door can only be opened, the door can open more or all of the door can be opened.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述光信号还包含有开门的时间段信息。 3. The access authentication method according to claim 12, wherein the optical signal further comprises period information has to open the door.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1或2所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述门锁ID号信息作为开锁密码。 The access authentication method according to claim 1, characterized in that, the door lock ID number information as the unlock password.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1或2所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述开门个数与门锁ID号的个数相对应。 The access authentication method according to claim 1, wherein the number of said door lock with the ID number corresponding to the number.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求5所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述光子钥匙是手机。 6. The access authentication method according to claim 5, wherein said photon key phone.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求5所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述光控门锁接收到所述光子钥匙ID号信息后,将所述光子钥匙ID号信息保存到日志文件中。 7. The access authentication method according to claim 5, wherein said light receiving door lock control key ID to the photon number information, saving the number of photons key ID information to the log file.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求7所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述光子钥匙ID号是手机SIM卡的卡号或光子钥匙编号。 8. The access authentication method according to claim 7, wherein the photonic key ID number is the phone's SIM card number or key number of photons.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求6所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述手机包括信息输入输出模块、微处理器模块、无线通信模块、驱动模块及发光模块;所述信息输入输出模块用于输入及显示信息;所述微处理器模块用于根据从信息输入输出模块及无线通信模块传过来的信息,控制所述驱动模块或将信息通过所述无线通信模块发射出去;所述驱动模块用于根据所述微处理器模块输出的控制信号驱动发光模块发射含有权限信息的光信号。 9. The access authentication method according to claim 6, wherein said cell phone includes an information input-output module, a microprocessor module, a wireless communication module, a drive module and a light emitting module; the information input-output means for input and display information; means for the microprocessor based on the information transmitted from the information input and output modules over a wireless communication module, the drive module or the control information transmitted out through the wireless communication module; a driving module transmitting a control signal to drive the light emitting module of the microprocessor module comprising optical signal output permission information.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求1或2所述的门禁身份认证方法,其特征在于,所述光控门锁包括光电探测模块、对数放大器模块、运算放大器模块、比较器模块、微控制器模块及存储模块;所述光电探测模块用于接收所述光信号,并将所述光信号转换成电流信号;所述对数放大器模块用于将所述电流信号转换成电压信号;所述运算放大器模块用于求出所述电压信号伏值的平均值;所述比较器模块通过所述平均值对所述电压信号的电平进行判别,并将所述判别结果传送微控制器模块;所述微控制器模块用于根据所述比较器输出的电信号,控制所述电控锁主体;所述存储模块用于存储日志文件及门锁ID号。 10. The access authentication method according to claim 12, wherein said lock comprises a photoelectric detection light control module, the module logarithmic amplifier, an operational amplifier module, the comparator module, a micro-controller and memory module; said photodetection means for receiving the optical signal, and converting the optical signal into a current signal; said logarithmic amplifier means for converting the current signal into a voltage signal; the operational amplifier module in the average value of the voltage signal value V; and the average value of the voltage level of the signal is determined by the comparator module, and transmits the result of the determination microcontroller module; the micro control means for outputting an electrical signal according to said comparator, controlling said electrically controlled lock body; storage means for storing the log file and the door lock ID number.
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CN104063924A (en) * 2014-02-12 2014-09-24 苏州天鸣信息科技有限公司 Light-sensing electronic lock device
CN103793987A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-14 东南大学 Remote control lock based on visible light communication technology
CN105023332A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-11-04 南京邮电大学 Visible light based Internet of Things hotel room lock control system

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CN88100452A (en) * 1987-01-28 1988-08-10 恩哈特工业公司 Electronic locking system
CN102066675A (en) * 2008-06-16 2011-05-18 奥斯兰姆有限公司 Key with a key light function

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CN88100452A (en) * 1987-01-28 1988-08-10 恩哈特工业公司 Electronic locking system
CN102066675A (en) * 2008-06-16 2011-05-18 奥斯兰姆有限公司 Key with a key light function

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