CN102679929A - Horizontal arm type three-coordinate measuring and ruling machine - Google Patents

Horizontal arm type three-coordinate measuring and ruling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102679929A
CN102679929A CN2012101788291A CN201210178829A CN102679929A CN 102679929 A CN102679929 A CN 102679929A CN 2012101788291 A CN2012101788291 A CN 2012101788291A CN 201210178829 A CN201210178829 A CN 201210178829A CN 102679929 A CN102679929 A CN 102679929A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
horizontal arm
slide plate
fine setting
shaft
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Pending
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CN2012101788291A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘金岭
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SHANDONG JINMA UNIONTECH METROLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANDONG JINMA UNIONTECH METROLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012101788291A priority Critical patent/CN102679929A/en
Publication of CN102679929A publication Critical patent/CN102679929A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal arm type three-coordinate measuring and ruling machine, which includes a base, an upright column and a horizontal arm, wherein the upright column and the horizontal arm are made of lighter material, namely aluminum; all three shafts adopt two sets of linear slides; and the linear slide of the horizontal arm is mounted by adopting two mutually vertical surfaces, and an adjustable pull rod is mounted in the horizontal arm for adjusting the curve and deformation caused by other causes as self weight. The horizontal arm type three-coordinate measuring and ruling machine solves the problems in the market that the existing three-coordinate ruling machine has unstable mechanism, complex structure and high cost, and is complex to machine the parts and inflexible to operate. The shafts are mutually vertical and matched with the precise linear slides to realize the three-dimensional movement, so as to achieve the measuring and ruling functions in the three-dimensional space; and the three-coordinate measuring and ruling machine can support all sorts of triggering, analog scanning and non-contact optical measuring heads, and can be widely applied to the measuring and ruling of large mechanical parts as automobiles, motorcycles, excavators, ship engines and dies.

Description

A kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate is measured pen machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to measure and the ruling field, is exactly that a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate is measured pen machine specifically.
Background technology
Three coordinate measuring machine is a kind of to have and can make the detector that three directions move; Can on three orthogonal guide rails, move; This detector transmits signal with contact or mode such as noncontact, and the displacement measurement system of three axles (like the optics chi) calculates each point coordinate (X, Y, Z) of workpiece and the instrument of each item functional measurement through data processor or computing machine etc. ".The measurement function of three coordinate measuring machine should comprise dimensional accuracy, bearing accuracy, geometric accuracy and contour accuracy etc., is mainly used in the measurement of the scale error and the morpheme error of part and assembly, and the quality that guarantees product is played an important role.The three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine is the derivation product of three coordinate measuring machine, and it and three coordinate measuring machine have many general character, and the two performance at machine, principle of work, software function, ingredient, kinematic train and control system etc. are all similar; The key distinction is less demanding to environment for use, can in workshop, use, and can also accomplish the line function.
The frame of three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine is to install and measure the for example basis of measurement or chalker, means for correcting, drive unit, controller etc. of the various members of pen machine, and the rigidity of support body and vertical precision are the principal elements that influences three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine measuring accuracy.The frame that known large-scale horizontal arm type three-coordinate is measured pen machine is to constitute three by cast iron base, column, horizontal arm; Column is installed on the base of cast iron guide rail; Horizontal arm is perpendicular to column; Usually adopt full steel structure, accomplish measurement, the line of spatial data through three mutual vertical movements.Though this structure can be suitable for the working environment in the production; Has rigidity preferably; But construction weight is bigger, because self gravitation horizontal arm and column are easy to generate deflection, has influenced the precision of measuring or ruling; Permanent in addition use chalker also causes the reduction of measurement device precision easily.
The three coordinate measuring and marker that also has is light and handy in order to satisfy operation; Used rolling bearing on the support body, measured needed effect but caused precision to be difficult to reach like this, mechanical endurance can be poor; Stability was relatively weaker when it used the line function, and measurement function is used in influence.In addition, the processing technology of entire mechanism is had relatively high expectations, and cost is bigger, is unfavorable for the existing market demand.
Summary of the invention
For the above reasons, the present invention is devoted to create a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate and measures pen machine, and this measurement pen machine has rigidity preferably, has precision preferably simultaneously, and this measurement pen machine comprises higher repeatability.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate is measured pen machine; Comprise column, horizontal arm, base, control device, displacement sensor device; Surveying instrument or line instrument are arranged on horizontal arm that end towards Measuring Object; It is characterized in that: said base is to be installed in X that two on platform cover is parallel to each other to line slide rail, and X is equipped with the X slide plate to the slide block top of line slide rail, constitutes the X axle of three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine.
Said column is connected in the X axle through the X slide plate, and column is equipped with two covers and is parallel to each other and perpendicular to the Z axle line slide rail of X axle, on the slide block of Z axle line slide rail the Z slide plate is installed, and constitutes the Z axle of three-dimensional.
Said horizontal arm side is equipped with Y to the side line slide rail; The bottom surface is equipped with the moving positive line slide rail of y-axis shift; The Y slide plate that the bottom has widened section is installed on the Z slide plate; Horizontal arm is connected on the Y slide plate and perpendicular to the Z axle, constitutes the Y axle of three-dimensional to the slide block of the moving positive line slide rail of side line slide rail and y-axis shift through Y.
Said control device comprises mobile fine setting shaft transmission and the latch mechanism that lays respectively on X slide plate, Y slide plate, the Z slide plate, also comprises between Z axle line slide rail and is parallel to the transmission polished rod of Z axle line slide rail.
Said displacement sensor device comprises and is positioned at the X axle grating that is parallel to the X axle on the base and installs, is positioned at the Z axle grating that is parallel to the Z axle on the column and installs, is positioned at and is parallel to the Y axle grating that the Y axle is installed on the horizontal arm.
Said horizontal arm hollow cubic body; Y axle horizontal arm internal regulation is installed between the two end cap of horizontal arm reinforces square tube and is used to regulate some horizontal arm pull bars of horizontal arm amount of deflection; Horizontal arm is away from measuring or an end end cap of line instrument is provided with the adjusting screw that is used to adjust horizontal arm draw-bar pull size, near measuring or an end end cap of line instrument is provided with the tension nut.Horizontal arm is made of aluminum, the high strength aviation aluminium that preferred surface is handled through hard anodized.
The transmission polished rod is installed on the column through Z transmission polished rod lower fixed seat and Z transmission polished rod upper fixed seat, is provided with the vertical tool of secured adjusted of measurement or line instrument near an end end cap of measurement or line instrument.
Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said X of the being positioned at slide plate comprises X trimming hand wheel, X fine setting axle, X axle fine setting combined tools; X axle fine setting combined tools is positioned on the X slide plate; The X trimming hand wheel is fixed on the X fine setting axle; X fine setting axle passes X axle fine setting combined tools and closely contacts to the line slide rail sidewall with X, utilizes X fine setting axle and X to realize that to the friction force of line slide rail sidewall the X slide plate moves during rotation X trimming hand wheel.
Latch mechanism on the said X of the being positioned at slide plate comprises X locking handwheel, X lock shaft, the X tool that is locked; The X tool that is locked is positioned on the X slide plate; X locking handwheel is fixed on the X lock shaft; The X lock shaft passes the X tool that is locked, and the surface of X lock shaft and the X tool inside that is locked is provided with coadapted screw thread, and the X lock shaft passes the X tool that is locked and contact realization X slide plate with base and lock during rotation X locking handwheel.
Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said Y of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Y axle trimming hand wheel, Y fine setting axle, Y axle fine setting fixed jig; Y axle fine setting fixed jig is positioned on the Y slide plate; Y axle trimming hand wheel is fixed on the Y fine setting axle; Y fine setting axle passes Y axle fine setting fixed jig and closely contacts to side line slide rail sidewall with Y, utilizes Y fine setting axle and Y to realize that to the friction force of side line slide rail sidewall horizontal arm moves during rotation Y axle trimming hand wheel.
Latch mechanism on the said Y of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Y shaft locking handwheel, Y shaft lock mandrel, Y shaft locking fixed jig; Y shaft locking fixed jig is positioned on the Y slide plate; Y shaft locking handwheel is fixed on the Y shaft lock mandrel; Y shaft lock mandrel passes Y shaft locking fixed jig, and the surface of Y shaft lock mandrel and Y shaft locking fixed jig inside are provided with coadapted screw thread, and Y shaft lock mandrel passes Y shaft locking fixed jig and contacts the locking of realization Y slide plate with horizontal arm during rotation Y shaft locking handwheel.
Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said Z of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Z axle trimming hand wheel, Z fine setting axle, Z axle fine setting fixed jig; Z axle fine setting fixed jig is positioned on the Z slide plate; Z axle trimming hand wheel is fixed on the Z fine setting axle; Z fine setting axle passes Z axle fine setting fixed jig and closely contacts with Z transmission polished rod sidewall, utilizes the friction force of Z fine setting axle to realize that the Z slide plate moves during rotation Z axle trimming hand wheel.
Latch mechanism on the said Z of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Z shaft locking handwheel, Z lock shaft, Z shaft locking fixed jig; Z shaft locking fixed jig is positioned on the Z slide plate; Z shaft locking handwheel is fixed on the Z lock shaft; The Z lock shaft passes Z shaft locking fixed jig, and the surface of Z lock shaft and Z shaft locking fixed jig inside are provided with coadapted screw thread, and the Z lock shaft passes Z shaft locking fixed jig and contacts the locking of realization Z slide plate with column during rotation Z shaft locking handwheel.
Also be fixed with the clamp device that is used to increase friction force between Z fine setting axle and the Z transmission polished rod on the Z axle fine setting fixed jig.
Said is the column hollow-core construction, and its xsect can be " mouth " font or " worker " shape, also can be other structure.Be provided with balancing weight in the column, the top of column is provided with Z counterweight pulley, and balancing weight, Z slide plate are connected with Z counterweight pulley through the counterweight wire rope.The material of column is an aluminium, the high strength aviation aluminum that preferred surface is handled through hard anodized.
Said column has been provided with dust cover, horizontal arm panel beating cover, the top cover of dustproof effect.
Also being provided with the skew back that increases Column stability between adjacent two limits of the top of said column and X slide plate draws support bar to draw support bar with retreading.
One side of X slide plate is provided with and is used for the convenient X axle drag chain of placing circuit, preventing the circuit winding, and a side of Z slide plate is provided with Z axle drag chain.
Be provided with the adjusting gear that to regulate its vertical relation between Z slide plate and the Y slide plate.
Said platform is the marble platform, and marble platform bottom is provided with and is used to adjust the supporting seat adjustment lower margin of marble podium level and the complete machine marble adjustment seat of its horizontal level of adjustment.Said platform also can be detection platform, and this moment, instrument was directly installed on the detection platform.
This device is manual three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine, three rapid movements of artificial realization.When measuring or chalker when very near apart from object under test; Can manual adjustments X slide plate, the mobile fine adjustment transmission mechanism on the Z slide plate, Y slide plate; Realize that X, Y, Z axle slowly move; Thereby measurement or line instrument are touched on the surface to be measured with soft mode, perhaps rule thereby can obtain accurate measurement data, and this support body comprises higher repeatability.When needs are braked, can manual adjustments lay respectively at the latch mechanism realization locking on X slide plate, Z slide plate, the Y slide plate.This device also can be installed motor on column, horizontal arm, base, be made into the three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine of automatic operation.
The present invention improves at original three-dimensional pen machine, and base can be installed in and adopt on 0 grade of high marble platform of stability, also can be directly installed on the detection platform.Column, horizontal arm adopt aviation aluminium Precision Machining, and handle through hard anodizing, and column partly adopts hollow suspension counterweight, and maintenance Z axle balance smoothly moves up and down, and the Y axle is respectively installed the mode of two cover line slide rails with horizontal arm two vertical planes.Horizontal arm adopts the hollow pull bar to regulate the bending that produces because of other reasonses such as deadweights; Three are all adopted high-accuracy line slide rail, have guaranteed high precision, dynamic and long-time stability, and its gait of march can reach 866mm/s; Acceleration can reach the 1500mm/s2 grating displacement sensor; Simpler on the structure, reduced processing cost, improved and measured and the line precision.This three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine device is broken prior art personnel's intrinsic thinking; Proposed a kind of can the change and had the three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine now through the low new construction product of performance; It is reasonable in design; Can under the situation that reduces existing equal specification three-dimensional coordinates measurement installation cost, improve through performance, the acquisition cost of reduction three-dimensional coordinates measurement device also improves and measures line efficient, thereby overcomes deficiency of the prior art.Each axle all adopts high precision circulating ball type bilinear slide rail, can in industrial environment is used, guarantee the stability of machine and the reliability of function.The sliding system of each adopts three-point fix, has optimized set-up time and efficient, and has avoided three machine errors between the axle.Also be convenient for measuring personnel's operation in addition, reduce complex operation degree and labour intensity.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of three coordinate measuring and marker.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the structural representations after the three coordinate measuring and marker of Fig. 1 adds outer cover and dust cover.
Accompanying drawing 3 is three-dimensional pen machine uprights sub-agencies synoptic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 4 is skeleton views of base portion structure.
Accompanying drawing 5 is Z axle counterweight part structural representations.
Accompanying drawing 6 is structural representations of horizontal arm.
Accompanying drawing 7 is upward views of Fig. 6.
Accompanying drawing 8 is left views of Fig. 6.
Accompanying drawing 9 is right views of Fig. 6.
Accompanying drawing 10 is synoptic diagram of horizontal arm internal regulation apparatus structure.
Accompanying drawing 11 is X shaft locking mechanism structural representations.
Accompanying drawing 12 is that the X axle moves fine setting shaft transmission structural representation.
Accompanying drawing 13 is the moving fine setting of y-axis shift shaft transmission structural representations.
Accompanying drawing 14 is skeleton views of Y shaft locking mechanism structure.
Accompanying drawing 15 is skeleton views that the Z axle moves fine setting shaft transmission structure.
Accompanying drawing 16 is skeleton views of Z shaft locking mechanism structure.
Wherein: 1-measuring probe; 2-horizontal arm; 3-X slide plate; 4-marble platform; 5-detection platform; 6-dust cover; 7-horizontal arm panel beating cover; 8-top cover; 9-skew back draws support bar 10-X axle drag chain; 11-Z axle drag chain; 12-Z slide plate; 13-Z top board; 14-retread and draw support bar; 15-Z axle column web joint; 16-Z transmission polished rod lower fixed seat; 17-Z counterweight pulley; 18-Z transmission polished rod upper fixed seat; 19-column; 20-Z transmission polished rod; 21-counterweight wire rope; 22-Z axle line slide rail; 23-Z latch mechanism; 24-Z axle fine setting combination; 25-Z axle fine setting fixed jig; 26-complete machine marble adjustment seat; 27-X axle fine setting combined tools; 28-supporting seat adjustment lower margin, 29-X axle grating; 30-X is to line slide rail; 31-X is to the slide block of line slide rail; 32-X trimming hand wheel; 33-X tool that is locked; 34-X locks handwheel; 35-y-axis shift moves positive line slide rail; 36-Y slide plate; 37-Y axle grating; The slide block of the moving positive line slide rail of 38-y-axis shift; 39-Y shaft locking mechanism; 40-Y shaft transmission; 41-Y axle horizontal arm right end cap; 42-horizontal arm pull bar; 43-Y axle pull bar left end adjusting screw; 44-Y axle horizontal arm internal regulation is reinforced square tube; 45-probe stationary is regulated vertical tool; 46-Y is to the side line slide rail; 47-Y axle side slide; 48-Y axle horizontal arm brace WELD NUTS; 49-Y axle horizontal arm left end cap; 50-Y axle horizontal arm right end cap probe stationary tool; 51-Y axle horizontal arm right-hand member tension nut; 52-clamp device; 53-Z finely tunes axle; 54-Z axle trimmer bearing; 55-Z lock shaft; 56-Z shaft locking handwheel; 57-Z axle trimming hand wheel, 58-Y axle fine setting axle; 59-Y axle fine setting fixed jig; 60-Y shaft locking handwheel, 61-Y shaft lock mandrel; 62-Y shaft locking fixed jig; 63-Y axle trimming hand wheel; 64-pulley spindle; 65-balancing weight; 66-X lock shaft; 67-X finely tunes axle; 68-Z shaft locking fixed jig; 69-following fixedly supporting plate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described further.
As shown in Figure 1, the left side of detection platform 5 is provided with the marble platform 4 that is used for mounting seat.Base be two X that are parallel to each other of cover to line slide rail, be installed on the marble platform 4.Two X are equipped with X slide plate 3 on the slide block 31 of line slide rail, constitute the X axle of three coordinate measuring and marker.X slide plate 3 left sides are provided with X axle drag chain 10.
Column 19 is installed on the X slide plate 3 and perpendicular to base, and Z axle line slide rail 22 is installed on the column 19, constitutes the Z axle of three coordinate measuring and marker.Skew back draws support bar 9 to draw support bar 14 to be used to keep the stability of Z axle with retreading.
Y slide plate 36 is installed on the Z slide plate 12, and horizontal arm 2 is connected on the Y slide plate 36 and perpendicular to the Z axle, constitutes the Y axle of three-dimensional to the slide block of side line slide rail through Y; Horizontal arm 2 is provided with measuring probe 1 towards an end of detection platform 5.
As shown in Figure 2, the column top is equipped with top cover 8, and column is provided with dust cover 6, and the outside of Z slide plate and X slide plate is provided with horizontal arm panel beating cover 7, and the three all plays dustproof effect.The left side of column is provided with Z axle drag chain 11.
As shown in Figure 3, be provided with skew back on the limit of X slide plate 3 and between the Z top board 13 and draw support bar 9 to draw support bar 14 with retreading; The upper end of column 19 is provided with Z transmission polished rod upper fixed seat 18; The lower end of column is provided with Z transmission polished rod lower fixed seat 16; Z transmission polished rod 20 is installed on Z transmission polished rod upper fixed seat 18 and the Z transmission polished rod lower fixed seat 16, and Z transmission polished rod 20 is between Z axle line slide rail 22 and be parallel to Z axle line slide rail 22.The top of column 19 is provided with Z counterweight pulley 17, also is provided with Z axle column web joint 15 between column and the X slide plate 3.Z axle line slide rail 22 is installed on the column 19.
As shown in Figure 4; Two X that are parallel to each other of cover are installed to line slide rail 30 on the marble platform 4; X is equipped with X slide plate 3 on the slide block 31 of line slide rail; Be equiped with Z axle column web joint 15 on the X slide plate 3, the left side of Z axle column web joint 15 is provided with the X axle and moves micro-adjusting mechanism, and the X trimming hand wheel 32 that the X axle moves micro-adjusting mechanism is installed on the X slide plate 3 through X axle fine setting combined tools 27.The left side X of Z axle column web joint 15 is provided with the X shaft locking mechanism to line slide rail 30 tops, and the X of X shaft locking mechanism locking handwheel 34 is installed on the X slide plate 3 through the X tool 33 that is locked.X is equiped with X axle grating 29 to a side of line slide rail 30.Marble platform 4 is placed on the complete machine marble adjustment seat 26, and complete machine marble adjustment seat 26 bottoms are provided with supporting seat adjustment lower margin 28, can adjust the position of marble platform 4.
As shown in Figure 5, inner at column, the below of Z counterweight pulley 17 is provided with balancing weight 65, and balancing weight 65 is connected with Z slide plate 12 with pulley spindle 64 through counterweight wire rope 21, and Z slide plate 12 is provided with Z axle fine setting combination 24 and Z latch mechanism 23.Z transmission polished rod 20 is installed on Z transmission polished rod upper fixed seat 18 and the Z transmission polished rod lower fixed seat 16.
As shown in Figure 6; The horizontal arm two ends are provided with Y axle horizontal arm left end cap 49 and Y axle horizontal arm right end cap 41; Y axle horizontal arm left end cap 49 is provided with Y axle pull bar left end adjusting screw 43, is provided with the horizontal arm pull bar between Y axle horizontal arm left end cap 49 and the Y axle horizontal arm right end cap 41.Y axle horizontal arm right end cap 41 is provided with Y axle horizontal arm right end cap probe stationary tool 50, and Y axle horizontal arm right end cap probe stationary tool 50 is provided with probe stationary and regulates vertical tool 45, and probe stationary is regulated vertical tool 45 and is provided with measuring probe.The horizontal arm outside is provided with Y axle grating 37.Be equiped with Y slide plate 36 on the Z slide plate 12, Y slide plate 36 is provided with Y shaft locking mechanism 39 and Y shaft transmission 40.During deflection that the adjustment horizontal arm produces owing to gravity or other reason; Can tighten left end adjusting screw 43, make the tension of horizontal arm pull bar, utilize Y axle horizontal arm internal regulation to reinforce square tube as fulcrum; Drive probe stationary and regulate vertical tool 45 rotations, thereby realize fine setting.
Like Fig. 6,7,8,9, shown in 10, horizontal arm is the cube of high strength boring aviation aluminium through the anodized hollow-core construction of skin hardness.The bottom widened section of Y slide plate 36 is following fixedly supporting plate 69.The horizontal arm lateral surface is provided with Y to side line slide rail 46, and Y is positioned on the Y slide plate 36 to the Y of side line slide rail axle side slide 47.The bottom surface of horizontal arm is provided with the moving positive line slide rail 35 of y-axis shift, and the slide block 38 of the moving positive line slide rail of y-axis shift is positioned on the following fixedly supporting plate of Y slide plate 36.The horizontal arm right end cap is provided with Y axle horizontal arm brace WELD NUTS 48.Horizontal arm inside is provided with Y axle horizontal arm internal regulation and reinforces square tube 44.Horizontal arm flexibly connects through Y slide plate 36 and Z slide plate, is provided with the adjusting gear that can regulate X, the mutual verticality of Z direction.
Be provided with horizontal arm pull bar 42, Y axle horizontal arm internal regulation reinforcing square tube 44 between Y axle horizontal arm left end cap 49 and the Y axle horizontal arm right end cap 41; Y axle horizontal arm left end cap 49 is provided with Y axle pull bar left end adjusting screw 43, and Y axle horizontal arm right end cap 41 is provided with Y axle horizontal arm right-hand member tension nut 51.
Shown in figure 11; Latch mechanism on the said X of the being positioned at slide plate comprises X locking handwheel 34, X lock shaft 66, the X tool 33 that is locked; The X tool 33 that is locked is positioned on the X slide plate 3, and X locking handwheel 34 is fixed on the X lock shaft 66, and X lock shaft 66 passes the X tool 33 that is locked; The surface of X lock shaft 66 and X tool 33 inside that are locked are provided with coadapted screw thread, and X lock shaft 66 passes the X tool 33 that is locked and contact realization X slide plate with base and lock during rotation X locking handwheel 34.
Shown in figure 12; Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said X of the being positioned at slide plate comprises X trimming hand wheel 32, X fine setting axle 67, X axle fine setting combined tools 27; X axle fine setting combined tools 27 is positioned on the X slide plate 3; X trimming hand wheel 32 is fixed on the X fine setting axle 67, and X fine setting axle 67 passes X axle fine setting combined tools 27 and closely contacts to line slide rail 30 sidewalls with X, utilizes X fine setting axle 67 and X to realize that to the friction force of line slide rail sidewall the X slide plate moves during rotation X trimming hand wheel 32.
Shown in figure 13; Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said Y of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Y axle trimming hand wheel 63, Y fine setting axle 58, Y axle fine setting fixed jig 59; Y axle fine setting fixed jig 59 is positioned on the Y slide plate; Y axle trimming hand wheel 63 is fixed on the Y fine setting axle 58, and Y fine setting axle 58 passes Y axle fine setting fixed jig 59 and closely contacts to side line slide rail sidewall with Y, utilizes the friction force of Y fine setting axle to realize that horizontal arm moves during rotation Y axle trimming hand wheel.
Shown in figure 14; Latch mechanism on the said Y of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Y shaft locking handwheel 60, Y shaft lock mandrel 61, Y shaft locking fixed jig 62; Y shaft locking fixed jig 62 is positioned on the Y slide plate; Y shaft locking handwheel 60 is fixed on the Y shaft lock mandrel 61; Y shaft lock mandrel 61 passes Y shaft locking fixed jig 62, and the surface of Y shaft lock mandrel 61 and Y shaft locking fixed jig 62 inside are provided with coadapted screw thread, and Y shaft lock mandrel 61 passes Y shaft locking fixed jig 62 and contacts 36 lockings of realization Y slide plate with horizontal arm during rotation Y shaft locking handwheel 60.
Shown in figure 15; Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said Z of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Z axle trimming hand wheel 57, Z fine setting axle 53, Z axle fine setting fixed jig 25; Z axle fine setting fixed jig 25 is positioned on the Z slide plate; Z axle trimming hand wheel 57 is fixed on the Z fine setting axle 53, and Z fine setting axle 53 passes Z axle fine setting fixed jig 25 and closely contacts with Z transmission polished rod sidewall.Also be fixed with clamp device 52 on the Z axle fine setting fixed jig 25, be used to increase the friction force of Z fine setting axle 53 and Z transmission polished rod sidewall.Utilize the Z fine setting axle 53 and the friction force realization Z slide plate of Z transmission polished rod sidewall to move during rotation Z axle trimming hand wheel 57.Can also be provided with Z axle trimmer bearing 54 on the Z axle fine setting fixed jig 25.
Shown in figure 16; Latch mechanism on the said Z of the being positioned at slide plate comprises Z shaft locking handwheel 56, Z lock shaft 55, Z shaft locking fixed jig 68; Z shaft locking fixed jig 68 is positioned on the Z slide plate; Z shaft locking handwheel 56 is fixed on the Z lock shaft 55; Z lock shaft 55 passes Z shaft locking fixed jig 68, and the surface of Z lock shaft 55 and Z shaft locking fixed jig 68 inside are provided with coadapted screw thread, and Z lock shaft 55 passes Z shaft locking fixed jig 68 and contacts the locking of realization Z slide plate with column during rotation Z shaft locking handwheel 56.
The mechanism that the invention solves three-dimensional pen machine in the market is unstable, structure and parts processed complex, operate dumb, problems such as cost costliness.The present invention can be applicable to the three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine of forms such as single armed machine, both arms machine, hand-machine, automat according to different demands.Installed platform of the present invention can adopt 0 grade of marble platform of stable accuracy; Column and horizontal arm have adopted the lighter aluminium of material; Three complete in two cover line slide rails; Horizontal arm line slide rail mounting means adopts two orthogonal two faces to install, and at the inner compensation linkage of installing of horizontal arm, can be used for regulating the flexural deformation that horizontal arm produces because of other reasonses such as deadweights.Measure pen machine and be divided into base (X axle), column (Z axle), horizontal arm (Y axle) three parts; Three of X, Y, Z are vertical each other; Cooperate accurate line slide rail to realize the motion of three-dimensional; Reach the measurement and the line function of three-dimensional space, be applied to the measurement of coordinates and location line of comparatively complicated three-dimensional geometry object, can support various triggerings, analog scanning and non-contact optical gauge head; For various metrology applications provide precision, efficient and the method optimized, be particularly useful for the measurement and the line of large-scale component of machine such as automobile, motorcycle, excavator, ship engine, mould.

Claims (10)

1. a horizontal arm type three-coordinate is measured pen machine, comprises column (19), horizontal arm (2), base, control device, displacement sensor device, and surveying instrument or line instrument are arranged on horizontal arm (2) that end towards Measuring Object, it is characterized in that:
Said base is to be installed in X that two on platform cover is parallel to each other to line slide rail (30), and X is equipped with X slide plate (3) to slide block (31) top of line slide rail, constitutes the X axle of three-dimensional coordinates measurement pen machine;
Said column (19) is connected in the X axle through X slide plate (3), and column (19) is equipped with two covers and is parallel to each other and perpendicular to the Z axle line slide rail (22) of X axle, Z slide plate (12) is installed on the slide block of Z axle line slide rail (22), constitutes the Z axle of three-dimensional;
Said horizontal arm (2) side is equipped with Y to side line slide rail (46); The bottom surface is equipped with the moving positive line slide rail (35) of y-axis shift; The Y slide plate (36) that the bottom has widened section is installed on the Z slide plate (12); Horizontal arm (2) is connected on the Y slide plate and perpendicular to the Z axle, constitutes the Y axle of three-dimensional to the slide block of the moving positive line slide rail (35) of side line slide rail (46) and y-axis shift through Y;
Said control device comprises mobile fine setting shaft transmission and the latch mechanism that lays respectively on X slide plate (3), Y slide plate (36), the Z slide plate (12), also comprises the Z transmission polished rod (20) that is positioned between the Z axle line slide rail (22) and is parallel to Z axle line slide rail (22);
Said displacement sensor device comprises and is positioned at the X axle grating (29) that is parallel to the X axle on the platform and installs, is positioned at the axle grating [x1] that is parallel to the Z axle on the column and installs, is positioned at and is parallel to the Y axle grating (37) that the Y axle is installed on the horizontal arm; [x2]
Said horizontal arm (2) is a hollow cubic body made of aluminum; Y axle horizontal arm internal regulation is installed between the two end cap of horizontal arm (2) reinforces square tube (44) and is used to regulate the some horizontal arm pull bars (42) of horizontal arm amount of deflection; Horizontal arm (2) is away from measuring or an end end cap of line instrument is provided with the adjusting screw that is used to adjust horizontal arm draw-bar pull size, near measuring or an end end cap of line instrument is provided with the tension nut.
2. a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate as claimed in claim 1 is measured pen machine; It is characterized in that: Z transmission polished rod (20) is installed on the column (19) through Z transmission polished rod lower fixed seat (16) and Z transmission polished rod upper fixed seat (18), is provided with the vertical tool of secured adjusted of measurement or line instrument near an end end cap of measurement or line instrument.
3. a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate as claimed in claim 2 is measured pen machine; It is characterized in that: the mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said X of the being positioned at slide plate (3) comprises X trimming hand wheel (32), X fine setting axle (67), X axle fine setting combined tools (27); X axle fine setting combined tools (27) is positioned on the X slide plate (3); X trimming hand wheel (32) is fixed on the X fine setting axle (67); X fine setting axle (67) passes X axle fine setting combined tools (27) and closely contacts to line slide rail (30) sidewall with X, utilizes X fine setting axle (67) and X to realize that to the friction force of line slide rail (30) sidewall X slide plate (3) moves during rotation X trimming hand wheel (32);
Latch mechanism on the said X of the being positioned at slide plate (3) comprises X locking handwheel (34), X lock shaft (66), the X tool (33) that is locked; The X tool (33) that is locked is positioned on the X slide plate (3); X locking handwheel (34) is fixed on the X lock shaft (66); X lock shaft (66) passes the X tool (33) that is locked; The surface of X lock shaft (66) and X tool (33) inside that is locked is provided with coadapted screw thread, and X lock shaft (66) passes the X tool (33) that is locked and contact realization X slide plate (3) with base and lock during rotation X locking handwheel (34);
Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said Y of the being positioned at slide plate (36) comprises Y axle trimming hand wheel (63), Y fine setting axle (58), Y axle fine setting fixed jig (59); Y axle fine setting fixed jig (59) is positioned on the Y slide plate (36); Y axle trimming hand wheel (63) is fixed on the Y fine setting axle (58); Y fine setting axle (58) passes Y axle fine setting fixed jig (59) and closely contacts to side line slide rail (46) sidewall with Y, utilizes Y fine setting axle and Y to realize that to the friction force of side line slide rail (46) sidewall horizontal arm (2) moves during rotation Y axle trimming hand wheel (63);
Latch mechanism on the said Y of the being positioned at slide plate (36) comprises Y shaft locking handwheel (60), Y shaft lock mandrel (61), Y shaft locking fixed jig (62); Y shaft locking fixed jig (62) is positioned on the Y slide plate (36); Y shaft locking handwheel (60) is fixed on the Y shaft lock mandrel (61); Y shaft lock mandrel (61) passes Y shaft locking fixed jig (62); The surface of Y shaft lock mandrel (61) and Y shaft locking fixed jig (62) inside are provided with coadapted screw thread, and Y shaft lock mandrel (61) passes Y shaft locking fixed jig (62) and contacts realization Y slide plate (36) locking with horizontal arm (2) during rotation Y shaft locking handwheel (60);
Mobile fine setting shaft transmission on the said Z of the being positioned at slide plate (12) comprises Z axle trimming hand wheel (57), Z fine setting axle (53), Z axle fine setting fixed jig (25); Z axle fine setting fixed jig (25) is positioned on the Z slide plate (12); Z axle trimming hand wheel (57) is fixed on the Z fine setting axle (53); Z fine setting axle (53) passes Z axle fine setting fixed jig (25) and closely contacts with Z transmission polished rod (20) sidewall, utilizes the friction force of Z fine setting axle to realize that Z slide plate (12) moves during rotation Z axle trimming hand wheel (57);
Latch mechanism on the said Z of the being positioned at slide plate (12) comprises Z shaft locking handwheel (56), Z lock shaft (55), Z shaft locking fixed jig (68); Z shaft locking fixed jig (68) is positioned on the Z slide plate (12); Z shaft locking handwheel (56) is fixed on the Z lock shaft (55); Z lock shaft (55) passes Z shaft locking fixed jig (68); The surface of Z lock shaft (55) and Z shaft locking fixed jig (68) inside are provided with coadapted screw thread, and Z lock shaft (55) passes Z shaft locking fixed jig (68) and contacts realization Z slide plate (12) locking with column (19) during rotation Z shaft locking handwheel (56).
4. a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate as claimed in claim 3 is measured pen machine, it is characterized in that: also be fixed with the clamp device (52) that is used to increase friction force between Z fine setting axle (53) and the Z transmission polished rod (20) on the Z axle fine setting fixed jig (25).
5. measure pen machine like the described a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate of any claim of claim 1-4; It is characterized in that: be provided with balancing weight (65) in the said column (19); The top of column is provided with Z counterweight pulley (17), and balancing weight (65), Z slide plate (12) are connected with Z counterweight pulley (17) through counterweight wire rope (21).
6. a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate as claimed in claim 5 is measured pen machine, and it is characterized in that: said column (19) has been provided with dust cover (6), horizontal arm panel beating cover (7), the top cover (8) of dustproof effect.
7. measure pen machine like the described a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate of any claim of right 1-4, it is characterized in that: the skew back that also is provided with the increase Column stability between adjacent two limits of the top of said column (19) and X slide plate (3) draws support bar (9) and retreads and draws support bar (14); One side of X slide plate (3) is provided with X axle drag chain (10), and a side of Z slide plate (12) is provided with Z axle drag chain (11).
8. measure pen machine like the described a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate of any claim of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: be provided with the adjusting gear that to regulate its vertical relation between Z slide plate (12) and the Y slide plate (36).
9. measure pen machine like the described a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate of any claim of claim 1-4; It is characterized in that: said platform is marble platform (4), and marble platform (4) bottom is provided with and is used to adjust the supporting seat adjustment lower margin (28) of marble platform (4) height and the complete machine marble adjustment seat (26) of its horizontal level of adjustment.
10. measure pen machine like the described a kind of horizontal arm type three-coordinate of any claim of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: said platform is a detection platform.
CN2012101788291A 2012-06-04 2012-06-04 Horizontal arm type three-coordinate measuring and ruling machine Pending CN102679929A (en)

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CN103018505A (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-04-03 无锡圆方半导体测试有限公司 Probe correcting device
CN103148825A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-06-12 山东交通学院 Curved surface measuring device
CN103353288A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-16 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Three-dimensional single-arm measuring machine with high stability
CN103363940A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-23 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Three-dimensional single-arm measurement machine with high stability
CN103557820A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-02-05 青岛弗尔迪测控有限公司 High-stability long cantilever type coordinate measuring machine
CN103776491A (en) * 2014-01-26 2014-05-07 天津大学 Automatic measuring device for multi-field simultaneous automatic measurement in indoor environment field
CN104048691A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-09-17 苏州科技学院 3D mobile platform for refrigerator
CN104175312A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-03 长春佳海装备制造有限公司 Manipulator for producing precast concrete wallboard
CN104476532A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-04-01 鞍钢重型机械有限责任公司 Platform-free line drawing device and method for shaft and roller pieces
CN105091723A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-25 安徽农业大学 Flatness error detection device used for processing site
CN105115460A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-02 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Three-coordinate measurement apparatus convenient for guaranteeing measurement precision
CN105136082A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-09 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Single-arm three-dimensional measurement machine
CN105157641A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-16 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Measuring instrument device convenient to correct measured value
CN105222707A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 A kind ofly be convenient to the three-coordinates measuring machine realizing field survey
CN105737781A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-06 青岛麦科三维高新技术有限公司 Three-dimensional measuring device special for thin and long thin-wall workpiece
CN107671405A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-02-09 西安长峰机电研究所 A kind of outer suspension member position dimension control frock of burning chamber shell and method
CN108428566A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-21 浙江工业大学 A kind of high efficiency preparation method of the planar miniature electrode of super capacitor of interdigital structure
CN109781558A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-05-21 江苏省产品质量监督检验研究院 A kind of program control type mechanical stress experimental rig
CN110095094A (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-06 江苏普信工程项目管理有限公司 A kind of device and its measurement method of the architectural engineering from ground survey eminence object
CN111037758A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-04-21 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 Positioning and scribing tool for intelligent carbon sliding plate production clamp and using method thereof
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CN103018505A (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-04-03 无锡圆方半导体测试有限公司 Probe correcting device
CN103148825A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-06-12 山东交通学院 Curved surface measuring device
CN103353288A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-16 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Three-dimensional single-arm measuring machine with high stability
CN103363940A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-23 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Three-dimensional single-arm measurement machine with high stability
CN103353288B (en) * 2013-07-25 2015-09-23 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Possesses the three-dimensional single-arm measurement machine of high-stability
CN103557820A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-02-05 青岛弗尔迪测控有限公司 High-stability long cantilever type coordinate measuring machine
CN103776491A (en) * 2014-01-26 2014-05-07 天津大学 Automatic measuring device for multi-field simultaneous automatic measurement in indoor environment field
CN103776491B (en) * 2014-01-26 2016-08-17 天津大学 Many of indoor environment field self-operated measuring unit simultaneously
CN104048691A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-09-17 苏州科技学院 3D mobile platform for refrigerator
CN104175312A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-03 长春佳海装备制造有限公司 Manipulator for producing precast concrete wallboard
CN104476532A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-04-01 鞍钢重型机械有限责任公司 Platform-free line drawing device and method for shaft and roller pieces
CN104476532B (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-12-02 鞍钢重型机械有限责任公司 A kind of axle, roller like members exempt from platform line drawing method
CN105091723A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-25 安徽农业大学 Flatness error detection device used for processing site
CN105115460A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-02 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Three-coordinate measurement apparatus convenient for guaranteeing measurement precision
CN105157641A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-16 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Measuring instrument device convenient to correct measured value
CN105222707A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 A kind ofly be convenient to the three-coordinates measuring machine realizing field survey
CN105136082A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-09 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Single-arm three-dimensional measurement machine
CN105737781A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-06 青岛麦科三维高新技术有限公司 Three-dimensional measuring device special for thin and long thin-wall workpiece
CN105737781B (en) * 2016-05-12 2019-02-12 青岛麦科三维测控技术股份有限公司 The elongated dedicated 3-D measuring apparatus of thin wall work-piece
CN107671405A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-02-09 西安长峰机电研究所 A kind of outer suspension member position dimension control frock of burning chamber shell and method
CN108428566A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-21 浙江工业大学 A kind of high efficiency preparation method of the planar miniature electrode of super capacitor of interdigital structure
CN110095094A (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-06 江苏普信工程项目管理有限公司 A kind of device and its measurement method of the architectural engineering from ground survey eminence object
CN110095094B (en) * 2018-01-29 2020-12-15 江苏普信工程项目管理有限公司 Device for measuring high object from ground for constructional engineering and measuring method thereof
CN109781558A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-05-21 江苏省产品质量监督检验研究院 A kind of program control type mechanical stress experimental rig
CN111037758A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-04-21 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 Positioning and scribing tool for intelligent carbon sliding plate production clamp and using method thereof
CN111055258A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-04-24 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 Tool clamp for scribing intelligent carbon sliding plate and operation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20120919