CN102679325A - Biomass burner - Google Patents

Biomass burner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102679325A
CN102679325A CN2012101734906A CN201210173490A CN102679325A CN 102679325 A CN102679325 A CN 102679325A CN 2012101734906 A CN2012101734906 A CN 2012101734906A CN 201210173490 A CN201210173490 A CN 201210173490A CN 102679325 A CN102679325 A CN 102679325A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
insulation shell
hopper
chamber
fire
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012101734906A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭丰亮
Original Assignee
郭丰亮
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郭丰亮 filed Critical 郭丰亮
Priority to CN2012101734906A priority Critical patent/CN102679325A/en
Publication of CN102679325A publication Critical patent/CN102679325A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass burner which comprises a burning chamber, a hopper above the burning chamber, a safety valve beside the hopper, a grate at the lower part of the burning chamber, an ash storage cavity below the grate, an ash exhaust hole connected with the ash storage cavity, a heat-insulation housing at the periphery of the burning chamber, a control panel outside the heat-insulation housing, a fan outside the burning chamber, a fire box connected with the burning chamber, a cyclone dust collector on the fire box, a fire outlet at the tail end of the fire box, and a reinforcing rib connecting the fire box and the heat-insulation housing. The biomass burner is simple in structure, is easy to install and is capable of effectively filtering dust in flames of the fire outlet, and the burning efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of biomass combustion machine
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to the combustor field, particularly relate to a kind of biomass combustion machine.
Background technology
The common cooking stove in rural area since directly the use fuel wood not only efficiency of combustion is low, and not easy to store, more can not realize the functions such as automatic control, auto feed of use.Use coal gas and electric power to cost an arm and a leg again.And the use of biological particles not only can improve the efficiency of combustion of cooking stove, and is convenient to deposit and promote, and has extensive market prospects.
According to " industrial biological flue gas substitutes the report of fossil energy economic evaluation of a project "; Suppose that the industrial fuel oil to China 10%, right gas boiler carry out fossil energy and substitute; The Industrial Boiler average size is predicted according to 10T/H; Annual need to consume about 200,000,000 tons of biomass resource, alternative with practice thrift about 7,000 ten thousand tons/year of petroleum resources.
The advantage that Industrial Boiler is transformed into the biological particles boiler is embodied in the following aspects:
1), biomass granule fuel is than 160 yuan of the coal of identical calorific value savings per ton, but every year, fuel saving took 5,760,000 yuan, with heavy oil fuel savings cost about about 20% relatively.2), the per GDP energy consumption is almost 0, the BP granular fuel belongs to regenerative resource, uses and disregards energy consumption.3), boiler thermal output raising fuel saving takes.The biological substance for combustion granular fuel makes boiler thermal output improve 10%, can economize on coal every year 3600 tons, and 400 tons in coal per ton, but fuel saving takes 1,440,000 yuan.
4), save desulfurization expense and desulfurization and dedusting improvement expenses.The desulfurization expense of average every sulfur dioxide is 1000 yuan, and the operating cost that is used for desulfurization every year needs 780,000 yuan.After changing the burning biomass granule fuel, can save this expense.5), obtain energy-saving and emission-reduction and reward bonus and preferential finance and taxation policy.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves provides a kind of biomass combustion machine, can effectively filter out the dust in the crater flame, improves efficiency of combustion.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of biomass combustion machine is provided, comprises: the combustion chamber; The hopper of top, combustion chamber, the safety-valve on hopper next door, the fire grate of bottom, combustion chamber; The storage ash chamber of fire grate below connects the ash discharging hole that stores up grey chamber, the insulation shell that the combustion chamber is peripheral; The control panel that insulation shell is outer, the blower fan outside the combustion chamber, the fire tube of connection combustion chamber; Cyclone dust collectors on the fiery tube, the terminal crater of fire tube, the reinforcement of connection fire tube and insulation shell.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, the said insulation shell midsole layer plate that leaks out has a plurality of air vents on the plate that leaks out, insulation shell and leak out and form the air channel between the plate.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, the end of said blower fan is equipped with a dust arrester.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is a curved baffle lower end of said hopper.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention adopts cyclone dust collector, can effectively filter out the dust of crater, prevents that dust is adsorbed on the heating device, has improved the thermal efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of a kind of biomass combustion machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the terminal dust arrester of said blower fan;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of said baffle plate.
The mark of each parts is following in the accompanying drawing: 1, combustion chamber, 2, fire grate, 3, store up grey chamber, 4, ash discharging hole, 5, the fire tube; 6, cyclone dust collectors, 7, crater, 8, hopper, 9, baffle plate, 10, insulation shell; 11, air channel, 12, the plate that leaks out, 13, blower fan, 14, dust arrester; 15, safety-valve, 16, control panel, 17, reinforcement, 1401, filter bag.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing preferred embodiment of the present invention is set forth in detail, thereby protection scope of the present invention is made more explicit defining so that advantage of the present invention and characteristic can be easier to it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.
See also cross-sectional view and the structural representation of the terminal dust arrester of the said blower fan of Fig. 2 and the structural representation of the said baffle plate of Fig. 3 of a kind of biomass combustion machine of Fig. 1, the embodiment of the invention comprises:
A kind of biomass combustion machine comprises: combustion chamber 1, the hopper 8 of top, combustion chamber, the safety-valve 15 on hopper next door; The fire grate 2 of bottom, combustion chamber, the storage ash chamber 3 of fire grate below connects the ash discharging hole 4 that stores up grey chamber, the insulation shell 10 that the combustion chamber is peripheral; The control panel 16 that insulation shell is outer, the blower fan 13 outside the combustion chamber, the fire tube 5 of connection combustion chamber; Cyclone dust collectors 6 on the fiery tube, the terminal crater 7 of fire tube, the reinforcement 17 of connection fire tube and insulation shell.
Further, the said insulation shell 10 midsole layers plate 12 that leaks out has a plurality of air vents on the plate that leaks out; The insulation shell 10 and the formation air channel 11 between the plate 12 of leaking out; Blower fan 13 blasts air in the air channel 11, sees through air vent again and gets in the combustion chamber 1, has improved the efficiency of combustion of combustion chamber.
Further, the end of said blower fan is equipped with a dust arrester 14, comprises filtrate 1401, prevents combustion chamber 1 or store up grey chamber 3 interior dusts to see through the air vent entering blower fan 13 on the plate 12 that leaks out, and influences the performance of blower fan.
Further, there is a curved baffle 9 lower end of said hopper 8, prevents that the flame tempering in the combustion chamber 1 from getting into hopper 8.
The above is merely embodiments of the invention; Be not so limit claim of the present invention; Every equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion that utilizes specification of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to be done; Or directly or indirectly be used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner be included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a biomass combustion machine is characterized in that, comprising: combustion chamber (1); The hopper (8) of top, combustion chamber, the safety-valve (15) on hopper next door, the fire grate of bottom, combustion chamber (2); The storage ash chamber (3) of fire grate below connects the ash discharging hole (4) that stores up grey chamber, the insulation shell (10) that the combustion chamber is peripheral; The control panel (16) that insulation shell is outer, the blower fan outside the combustion chamber (13), the fire tube (5) of connection combustion chamber; Cyclone dust collectors (6) on the fiery tube, the terminal crater (7) of fire tube, the reinforcement (17) of connection fire tube and insulation shell.
2. a kind of biomass combustion machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the said insulation shell midsole layer plate (12) that leaks out has a plurality of air vents on the plate that leaks out, insulation shell and leak out and form air channel (11) between the plate.
3. a kind of biomass combustion machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that the end of said blower fan (13) is equipped with a dust arrester (14).
4. a kind of biomass combustion machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that there is a curved baffle (9) lower end of said hopper (8).
CN2012101734906A 2012-05-31 2012-05-31 Biomass burner Pending CN102679325A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101734906A CN102679325A (en) 2012-05-31 2012-05-31 Biomass burner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101734906A CN102679325A (en) 2012-05-31 2012-05-31 Biomass burner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102679325A true CN102679325A (en) 2012-09-19

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012101734906A Pending CN102679325A (en) 2012-05-31 2012-05-31 Biomass burner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102679325A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103925593A (en) * 2013-01-16 2014-07-16 戴增池 Efficient biomass vortex burner
CN104566339A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 王海峰 Biomass gasification burner
CN104964270A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-10-07 王海峰 Gasified combustion machine
CN108361729A (en) * 2018-02-28 2018-08-03 芜湖鸣人热能设备有限公司 A kind of hot-water boiler air-supply arrangement

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202229173U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-05-23 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Vortex dust removing combustor
CN202675329U (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-01-16 郭丰亮 Burner with dust collector

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202229173U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-05-23 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Vortex dust removing combustor
CN202675329U (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-01-16 郭丰亮 Burner with dust collector

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103925593A (en) * 2013-01-16 2014-07-16 戴增池 Efficient biomass vortex burner
CN104566339A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 王海峰 Biomass gasification burner
CN104964270A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-10-07 王海峰 Gasified combustion machine
CN104964270B (en) * 2015-07-28 2017-07-04 王海峰 A kind of gasification combustion engine
CN108361729A (en) * 2018-02-28 2018-08-03 芜湖鸣人热能设备有限公司 A kind of hot-water boiler air-supply arrangement

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Application publication date: 20120919