CN102677711B - Rolling rake material stowage and rolling rake material loader - Google Patents

Rolling rake material stowage and rolling rake material loader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102677711B
CN102677711B CN201110160738.0A CN201110160738A CN102677711B CN 102677711 B CN102677711 B CN 102677711B CN 201110160738 A CN201110160738 A CN 201110160738A CN 102677711 B CN102677711 B CN 102677711B
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China
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rake
rolling
loader
charge
tooth
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CN201110160738.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102677711A (en
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刘素华
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刘素华
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Priority to CN201110059389.3 priority Critical
Priority to CN201110059389 priority
Priority to CN201110059282 priority
Priority to CN201110059282.9 priority
Application filed by 刘素华 filed Critical 刘素华
Priority to CN201110160738.0A priority patent/CN102677711B/en
Publication of CN102677711A publication Critical patent/CN102677711A/en
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Publication of CN102677711B publication Critical patent/CN102677711B/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field such as material loading, mining, driving, tunnel excavation, be specifically related to a kind of rolling rake material stowage and rolling rake material loader.This loader comprises material shovel and/or feeding unit, material shovel and/or feeding unit comprise walking mechanism, wherein, this rolling rake material loader also comprises rolling rake charge mechanism, rolling rake charge mechanism comprise roll rake and support, roll rake and support hinged, roll front portion and/or front upper that rake is positioned at material shovel and/or feeding unit, roll rake and comprise rake charging tooth, the length of rake charging tooth is not less than needs 1/2nd of loaded material block granularity, and Bracket setting is on material shovel and/or feeding unit.It is according to mining driving, it is not of uniform size that roadway excavations etc. go out material block grain, weight is not etc., material matter is different, the unequal on-the-spot feature in ground and need to give material and load, especially mines, tunnels, tunnel excavation, material loading etc. provide a kind of rolling rake material stowage and implement the rolling rake material loader of the method.

Description

Rolling rake material stowage and rolling rake material loader
Technical field
The invention belongs to the field such as material loading, mining, driving, tunnel excavation, be specifically related to a kind of rolling rake material stowage and rolling rake material loader.
Background technology
To adopt etc. the shipment of material to solve big gun pick big gun, existing drive hoeing machine is made up of winch and loading groove, and loading groove can be divided into dustpan mouth, rising chute and blowpit, and rising chute plays guide effect to material.Dustpan mouth is then hinged with rising chute feed end, and make it lift or let-down ground by adjustment lifting screw, dustpan mouth front end is hinged with left baffle, can open or close.The platform of rising chute rear end is equipped with winch, and winch is made up of motor, reduction box, reel, wire rope and scraper box etc.The directive wheel of blowpit rear end walked around by the head rope of winch and slusher connects together, and the directive wheel of blowpit rear end walked around by tail rope, the more fixing rope sheave walked around on the face of meeting head on and scraper box connect together.Start winch, winch drives the scraper box on wire rope to take off to blowpit by the material such as spoil or coal through dustpan mouth, rising chute, is discharged into postorder transportation system from the discharge port of blowpit.
Take off material machine many employings wire rope and drive scraper box feeding, wire rope is motion easy fracture in spoil, wire cable rupture easily produces spark, this is danger close at underground coal mine, therefore take off material machine and do not meet coal mine production safety requirement, but also do not have better substitute at present, a lot of colliery is still in use; Taking off material machine only uses a scraper box back and forth to take off charging, and operating efficiency is very low; In addition, the face of meeting head on taking off material machine needs fixing rope sheave, and want artificial and constantly change rope sheave position, cause its use very inconvenient, and reduce operating efficiency.
It is parallel motion that the crab claw of crab claw charger and the star-wheel ground of star-wheel charger rotate relative to shovel board and ground, namely from the side feeding of material, easily broken bad when the star-wheel elevated above the soil, crab claw run into earth bulge thing, therefore evened out feeding in face at material, feeding scope is little, act on little.
The hopper of taking off of the feeding device of swinging arm, armed lever loader and scoop loader is reciprocating, its inefficiency, it is large that large, the armed lever length of taking up room loads difficulty in narrow, short tunnel, take off hopper once to have feeded transporter many and can not all transport, take off material and lack inefficiency, and charging is uneven, discontinuous, unfavorable to postorder haulage device.
Swinging arm, armed lever loader and scoop loader and other various loaders are usually used in the loading of material, and because its duty is reciprocating, therefore efficiency of loading is low, power loading large, power consumption is large, and can not continuously and stably feeding.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to according to mining driving, it is not of uniform size that roadway excavations etc. go out material block grain, weight is not etc., material matter is different, the unequal on-the-spot feature in ground and need to give material and load, especially mines, tunnels, tunnel excavation, material loading etc. provide a kind of rolling rake material stowage and implement the rolling rake material loader of the method.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize: a kind of rolling rake material stowage, wherein, the method makes full use of the feature of material gravity, roller bearing and/or cylinder drive rake charging tooth spiral to turn, the rake of rolling rake charge mechanism charging tooth is inserted from material top and/or upper lateral part, continuously material rake is shoveled and/or feeding unit to material, the rake that rolls of rolling rake charge mechanism is arranged at the front portion and/or front upper of expecting shovel and/or feeding unit, rolling rake charge mechanism is continuously measured clearly the material before material shovel and/or feeding unit, decrease the resistance of material shovel and/or feeding unit propelling, material shovel and/or conveying mechanism are advanced smoothly, the reaction force acceleration material shovel of rake charging tooth and/or advancing of feeding unit, the Bracket setting of rolling rake charge mechanism is on material shovel and/or feeding unit, the support of rolling rake charge mechanism makes to roll rake and moves up and down under the control of guiding mechanism, under the material rake of the eminence that material shovel and/or feeding unit cannot be touched, need by broken for bulk materials broken time use hammer tooth, axe tooth, pick tooth roll rake rake material and/or make to roll rake teeth High Rotation Speed, super large block material breaking is broken and harrows to material shovel and/or feeding unit, rolling rake charge mechanism and material, material shovel and/or feeding unit match, transhipment is continuously given fast by needing loaded material.
The present invention also comprises a kind of rolling rake material loader implementing said method, comprise material shovel and/or feeding unit, material shovel and/or feeding unit comprise walking mechanism, wherein, this rolling rake material loader also comprises rolling rake charge mechanism, rolling rake charge mechanism comprises rolling harrows and support, roll rake and support hinged, roll front portion and/or front upper that rake is positioned at material shovel and/or feeding unit, roll rake and comprise rake charging tooth, the length of rake charging tooth is not less than needs 1/2nd of loaded material block granularity, and Bracket setting is on material shovel and/or feeding unit.
Described rolling rake charge mechanism comprises roller bearing tooth harrow loader.Roller bearing tooth harrow loader comprises roller bearing and/or cylinder, and the external surface of roller bearing or cylinder arranges rake teeth.
The described rake that rolls comprises roller board rake loader and/or roller board tooth harrow loader etc., and above-mentioned loader comprises roller bearing and/or cylinder, and the external surface of roller bearing or cylinder arranges plate rake plate and/or rake teeth plate.
The described rake that rolls comprises roller chain tooth harrow loader etc.
The described rake that rolls comprises roller chain plate rake loader and/or roller chain plate tooth harrow loader etc.
The flute profile of described rake charging tooth for hammer tooth and/or can pick tooth etc.
The flute profile of described rake charging tooth can be axe tooth etc.
Described feeding unit is provided with transferring mechanism, and transferring mechanism comprises the combination of storage belt-type telescopic conveyor, overlapping extensible belt conveyor, fixed length formula conveyor, the scalable scrapper conveyor of overlapping, scrapper conveyor or belt conveyer and scratch board conveyor.Described transferring mechanism bottom can be provided with universal wheel etc.
Described rolling rake charge mechanism support comprises and bends and stretches mechanism, or support and to bend and stretch mechanism be integral type structure, bends and stretches mechanism and comprises torsion spring, extension spring, spring, butterfly spring, rubber, nylon, polyester, hydraulic cylinder, cylinder and/or leaf spring etc.Bending and stretching mechanism makes rolling rake charge mechanism support keep certain flexibility, can bend certain angle rolling rolling rake charge mechanism support when rake runs into bulk materials or hard material, makes to roll rake from damage, and keeps the continuous operation of rolling rake.
The flute profile of described rake charging tooth can also for blade tooth, plate tooth or with hammer tooth, any combination of picking tooth, axe tooth.
Described material shovel can be provided with material toggling pawl, and material toggling pawl comprises star-wheel pusher dog, crab claw pusher dog, pivoted arm pusher dog, flexible pusher dog etc.The maximum effect of pusher dog is pushed on feeding unit by material.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: by inventing this rolling rake material loader, the first, rolling rake material loader can substitute wire rope scraper box loader completely, thoroughly avoids the harm that wire cable rupture coal supply mine belt comes, there is not potential safety hazard, use reliable, and substantially increase operating efficiency; The second, the direction of motion that rake teeth, rake plate, rake teeth plate, rake teeth hammer, rake teeth axe, rake teeth are picked etc. is downward relative to material and ground, when ground is rough and uneven in surface, rake feeding mechanism can adjust up and down, rake teeth, rake plate, rake teeth plate, rake teeth hammer, rake teeth axe, rake teeth to be picked etc. not fragile, there is self-protection function, three, roll rake fast rotational can pound hit, milling projection material shovel before ground, drive material shovel to pass through smoothly, decrease the resistance of reclaiming shovel, energy-conservation; Four, more rake teeth, rake plate, rake teeth plate, rake teeth hammer, rake teeth are picked etc. to arrange and are taken off material fast continuously, and mechanism is simply compact, and the flexible efficiency that works is high, and the 5th, more reciprocating loading, namely reduce power loading, continuous quick load can be realized again.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 3;
Fig. 5 is the top view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 3;
Fig. 6 be in Fig. 4 A-A to sectional view;
Fig. 7 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 4;
Fig. 8 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 5;
Fig. 9 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 5;
Figure 10 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 5;
Figure 11 is the stereogram of rolling rake charge mechanism in embodiment 6;
Figure 12 is the top view of rolling rake charge mechanism in embodiment 7;
Figure 13 is the partial schematic diagram of rolling rake charge mechanism support in embodiment 8;
Figure 14 is that the B-B of Figure 13 is to sectional view;
Figure 15 is the partial schematic diagram of rolling rake charge mechanism support in embodiment 9;
Figure 16 is the front view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 10;
Figure 17 is the top view of rolling rake material loader in embodiment 11.
In figure: 1-roller bearing tooth harrow loader; 2-rolling rake charge mechanism support; 3-universal wheel; 4-belt conveyer; 5-transporter support roller; 6-belt; 7-expects shovel; 8-axis of rotation; 9-adjusts hydraulic cylinder; 10-roller board rake loader; 11-channel-section steel; 12-steel plate; 13-axis of rotation; 14-bearing support; 15-side guide; 16-links up with; 17-frame; 18-roller chain plate rake loader; 19-bearing support I; 20-bearing support II; 21, upper rotating disc; 22, lower rotating disc; 23, roller; 24, belt-type telescopic belt conveyer is stored up; 25, overlapping retractable belt transporter; 26, overlapping pick-a-back conveyor; 27, cylinder; 28, star-wheel pusher dog; 29, pivoted arm pusher dog; 30, crab claw pusher dog; 31, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I; 32, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I; 33, hinge; 34, leaf spring; 35, guide pin bushing; 36, Compress Spring; 37, guide rod; 38, extension spring; 39, torsion spring; 40 material shovel adjustment hydraulic cylinders; 41 axis of rotation; 42 scraper conveyors; 43 rotary drum of belt conveyers; 44 belts; 45 belt-conveying machine supports.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 is the rolling rake material loader described in the present embodiment.This loader comprises material shovel 7, rolling rake charge mechanism and feeding unit.Rolling rake charge mechanism comprises rolling harrows and rolling rake charge mechanism support 2, and roll rake hinged with rolling rake charge mechanism support 2, Bracket setting is on material shovel 7 and/or feeding unit.The rake that rolls in the present embodiment comprises roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1, and during work, roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1 is positioned at front portion and/or the front upper of feeding unit.Rolling rake charge mechanism also comprises rake charging tooth, and the length of rake charging tooth is not less than needs 1/2nd of loaded material block granularity.Can only include cylinder in roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1, also can only include roller bearing, or comprise cylinder and roller bearing simultaneously, now drum sleeve is on roller bearing.At least one row's rake teeth on roller bearing or outer surface of cylinder, when arranging many row's rake teeths, each row's rake teeth is arranged along the radial surface interval of roller bearing or cylinder.Roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1 is arranged on rolling rake charge mechanism support 2, and the roller bearing of roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1 and/or cylinder are connected with rolling rake charge mechanism support 2.Rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 is provided with adjustment oil cylinder 9, and one end of adjustment oil cylinder 9 is connected with rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 grade, by adjustment oil cylinder 9, can control the lifting of rolling rake charge mechanism, moves and/or turn to.The bottom of rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 is provided with multiple transporter support roller 5, by transporter support roller 5, the roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1 on rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 and rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 can be driven to move.
Feeding unit comprises belt conveyer 4, and the front end of belt conveyer 4 is skewed, and material shovel 7 is arranged on the slanted front end of belt conveyer 4 and is positioned at the below of rolling rake charge mechanism support 2.Rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 is arranged at the top of transporter frame.Material shovel 7 is provided with guiding mechanism, as illustrated in the drawing material shovel adjustment hydraulic cylinder 40.Can fluctuate along axis of rotation 41 when therefore running into ground protrusion or other obstacle during feeding, avoid damaged.The bottom of belt conveyer 4 is provided with multiple transporter support rollers 5 etc., and transporter support roller 5 etc. can drive loader walk and/or turn to.
The present invention also comprises a kind of rolling rake material stowage, the method makes full use of the feature of material gravity, roller bearing and/or cylinder drive rake charging tooth spiral to turn, the rake of rolling rake charge mechanism charging tooth is inserted from material top and/or upper lateral part, continuously material rake is shoveled and/or feeding unit to material, the rake that rolls of rolling rake charge mechanism is arranged at the front portion and/or front upper of expecting shovel and/or feeding unit, rolling rake charge mechanism is continuously measured clearly the material before material shovel and/or feeding unit, decrease the resistance of material shovel and/or feeding unit propelling, material shovel and/or conveying mechanism are advanced smoothly, the reaction force acceleration material shovel of rake charging tooth and/or advancing of feeding unit, the Bracket setting of rolling rake charge mechanism is on material shovel and/or feeding unit, the support of rolling rake charge mechanism makes to roll rake and moves up and down under the control of guiding mechanism, under the material rake of the eminence that material shovel and/or feeding unit cannot be touched, need by broken for bulk materials broken time use hammer tooth, axe tooth, pick tooth roll rake rake material and/or make to roll rake teeth High Rotation Speed, super large block material breaking is broken and harrows to material shovel and/or feeding unit, rolling rake charge mechanism and material, material shovel and/or feeding unit match, transhipment is continuously given fast by needing loaded material.
The course of work utilizing this rolling rake material loader to realize material digging is as described below: first, the position of rolling rake charge mechanism is adjusted by universal wheel 3, roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1 is made to be positioned at the top of material shovel 7, front or front upper, start the driver part in rolling rake charge mechanism, roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1 is driven to rotate, many rows rake teeth on roller bearing tooth harrow loader 1 harrows material continuously fast, harrowing the material got directly enters in material shovel 7, material is directed on belt conveyer 4 by material shovel 7, by the transmission of belt 6, material is transported to rear from the front of belt conveyer 4.Whole loader is driven to travel forward or turn to by transporter support roller 5.
In the present embodiment, rake in described roller bearing tooth harrow loader charging tooth can by blade tooth, plate tooth, hammer tooth into shape, pick tooth, axe tooth or blade tooth, plate tooth, hammer tooth into shape, pick tooth, any combination of several tooth replaces in axe tooth.
Material guiding plate, guide belt and/or support can also be comprised in feeding unit.Guiding mechanism on rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 is except can adopting adjustment hydraulic cylinder, can also be adjustment cylinder, leading screw, sprocket wheel and chain, hydraulic jack, rope and ropewinder, wheel and rack etc., roller tine harrow materials device can be made to be elevated, parts that are mobile, that turn to all can as guiding mechanism.
In the present embodiment, rolling rake charge mechanism support road wheel 3 below rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 and the transporter support roller 5 bottom belt conveyer 4 can be replaced by any combination of crawler belt, wheel and rack, guide rail and guide wheel, rope and ropewinder or above-mentioned parts, crawler belt, wheel and rack, guide rail and guide wheel, rope and ropewinder or or any combination of above-mentioned parts be connected with driving mechanism, loader can be driven under the driving of driving mechanism to walk and/or turn to.Described driving mechanism can have speed regulation function, thus adjusts the speed of travel of roller tine harrow materials device and loader at any time.
Belt conveyer 4 in the present embodiment can be replaced by the combination of scratch board conveyor or belt conveyer and scratch board conveyor.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 2.As different from Example 1: the rake that rolls in the present embodiment comprises roller board rake loader 10, this loader comprises roller bearing and/or cylinder, outer circumference surface spaced radial along roller bearing or cylinder arranges at least one row rake plate, outer circumference surface simultaneously along roller bearing or cylinder arranges rake charging tooth, and the length of rake charging tooth and/or rake plate is not less than needs 1/2nd of loaded material block granularity.The flute profile of described rake charging tooth can for blade tooth, plate tooth, hammer tooth into shape, pick tooth, any combination of axe tooth or above-mentioned several tooth.Roller board rake loader 10 is fixed on rolling rake charge mechanism support 2, and the bottom of rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 is provided with and arranges universal wheel 3.Rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 comprises channel-section steel 11 and steel plate 12.Feeding unit is provided with gripper shoe, and gripper shoe is fixed with a pair side guide 15 along belt conveyer throughput direction, and these two relative side guides 15 form guide rail.The inner side of two side guides 15 is respectively equipped with channel-section steel 11, is fixedly connected with between two channel-section steels 11 by steel plate 12, and channel-section steel 11 and steel plate 12 can along two side guide 15 slide anteroposterior.Roller board rake loader 10 is connected with steel plate 12 with bearing 14 by axis of rotation 13, and therefore steel plate 12 can drive roller board rake loader 10 to move forward and backward.Meanwhile, material shovel 7 is connected with gripper shoe by hook 16, expects shovel 7 also can arrange guiding mechanism simultaneously.By arranging hook 16 and guiding mechanism, material can be made to shovel 7 can be elevated flexibly and turn to.When bottom surface or material not at ordinary times, the friction etc. that material shovel 7 can reduce with bottom surface or material surface by be elevated and/or turn to etc.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 3
Fig. 4 to Fig. 6 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 3.As different from Example 1: what the present embodiment adopted roll, and rake comprises roller chain plate rake loader 18, described roller chain plate rake loader 18 comprises roller chain, and the throughput direction interval along roller chain arranges multiple plate rake.One end of roller chain plate rake loader 18 is connected with rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 by axis of rotation 13, and axis of rotation 13 is arranged on bearing support 14, and axis of rotation 13 can drive roller chain plate rake loader about 18 to rotate.The other end of roller chain plate rake loader 18 is discharge end, can for being flexibly connected or being fixedly connected with between this end with feeding unit.Feeding unit comprises frame 17, and the left and right sides of frame is fixed with adjustment oil cylinder 9 respectively.
In addition, described roller chain plate rake loader 18 also can be replaced by any combination of roller chain plate tooth harrow loader, roller chain tooth harrow loader or roller chain plate rake loader, roller chain plate tooth harrow loader, roller chain rake teeth loader.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 4
Fig. 7 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 4.As different from Example 1: the rake that rolls in the present embodiment comprises roller chain plate rake loader 18, roller chain plate rake loader 18 is connected with rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 by connecting axle, the bottom of rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 is provided with universal wheel 3, roller chain plate can be driven to harrow loader 18 walk and turn to by universal wheel 3.
In addition, the combination that described roller chain plate rake loader 18 also can scrape pawl loader or above-mentioned several loader by roller chain plate tooth harrow loader, roller chain scraping teeth loader, roller chain replaces.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 5
Fig. 8 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 5.As different from Example 1: the rake that rolls in the present embodiment comprises roller board rake loader 10, this loader comprises roller bearing and/or cylinder, outer circumference surface spaced radial along roller bearing or cylinder arranges at least one row rake plate, outer circumference surface simultaneously along roller bearing or cylinder arranges rake charging tooth, and the length of rake charging tooth is not less than needs 1/2nd of loaded material block granularity.The flute profile of described rake charging tooth can for blade tooth, plate tooth, hammer tooth into shape, pick tooth, any combination of axe tooth or above-mentioned several tooth.Rake plate, blade tooth, plate tooth, hammer tooth into shape, pick tooth, axe tooth at least arranges a row along the surface of cylinder or roller bearing, and each row is arranged along the external surface spaced radial of cylinder or roller bearing.Conveying mechanism in feeding unit is storage belt-type telescopic belt conveyer 24.
Rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 comprises rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31 and rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31 is connected by hinge 33 with rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, leaf spring 34 one end is fixed on rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, the other end compresses rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, hinge 33, leaf spring 34 composition bends and stretches mechanism, rolling rake charge mechanism support is made to keep certain flexibility, certain angle can be bent rolling rolling rake charge mechanism support when rake runs into bulk materials or hard material around hinge 33, make to roll rake from damage, and keep the continuous operation of rolling rake.
In addition, any combination that rake can comprise roller board rake loader, roller bearing tooth harrow loader, roller board tooth harrow loader or above-mentioned several loader is rolled.
As shown in Figure 9, the transferring mechanism arranged in feeding unit is overlapping retractable belt transporter 25, namely this belt conveyer machine is made up of upper and lower two-layer belt conveyer, has lap between upper and lower two-layer belt conveyer, and the adjustable length of lap.Mechanism of bending and stretching on it is that guide pin bushing spring formula bends and stretches mechanism.
As shown in Figure 10, arrange in feeding unit transferring mechanism be overlapping pick-a-back conveyor 26, this transporter is made up of the belt conveyer on upper strata and the scratch board conveyor of lower floor, has lap between belt conveyor and drag conveyor, and the adjustable length of lap.Mechanism of bending and stretching on it is that Extension Spring-type bends and stretches mechanism.In addition, described transport establishment can also be scratch board conveyor, extension type scratch board conveyor etc., as long as can realize the conveying of material.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 6
Figure 11 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 6.Rolling rake charge mechanism in the present embodiment is layered arrangement, and namely described rolling rake charge mechanism comprises two cylinders 27, for connect in parallel with upside and downside connects between each cylinder 27.Also the cylinder of greater number can be comprised, in being connected in parallel up and down between each cylinder in this rolling rake charge mechanism.Described cylinder 27 outer circumference surface can be provided with multiple rake teeth, rake plate, rake hammer, rake pick, rake axe or above-mentioned several any combination.Described cylinder 27 also can be replaced by roller bearing.
Pivoted arm pusher dog 29 is arranged on material shovel.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 7
Figure 12 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 7.Rolling rake charge mechanism in the present embodiment is that more piece is arranged, namely described rolling rake charge mechanism comprises two cylinders 27, between each cylinder 27 by node in being connected in series.This rolling rake charge mechanism also can comprise the cylinder of greater number, is connected in series between each cylinder by node.Described cylinder 27 outer circumference surface can be provided with multiple rake teeth, rake plate, rake hammer, rake pick, rake axe or above-mentioned several any combination.Described cylinder also can be replaced by roller bearing.
Crab claw pusher dog 30 is arranged on material shovel, and crab claw pusher dog 30 swings, and the material above cleaning feeding unit, pushes material on feeding unit.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 8
Figure 13 and Figure 14 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 8.Rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 comprises rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31 and rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31 is connected by hinge 33 with rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, torsion spring 39 is arranged on hinge 33 place, torsion spring 39 two ends are connected on rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31 and rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I 31, rolling rake charge mechanism bracket I I 32, torsion spring 39 composition bends and stretches mechanism, rolling rake charge mechanism support is made to keep certain flexibility, certain angle can be bent rolling rolling rake charge mechanism support when rake runs into bulk materials or hard material around hinge 33, make to roll rake from damage, and keep the continuous operation of rolling rake.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 9
Figure 15 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 9.Rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 is integral type structure, the material of rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 adopts rubber, polyurethane elastomeric material, rolling rake charge mechanism support 2 self has certain amount of deflection, the rolling rake charge mechanism support made by rubber or polyurethane etc. is as bending and stretching mechanism, rolling rolling rake charge mechanism support flexible certain angle when rake runs into bulk materials or hard material, make to roll rake from damage, and keep the continuous operation of rolling rake.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 10
Figure 16 is the rolling rake material loader described in embodiment 10.As different from Example 2: the conveying mechanism in the present embodiment comprises scraper conveyor 42, namely belt conveyor is replaced by scraper conveyor 42.
The other the same as in Example 2.
Embodiment 11
Figure 17 is the rolling rake material loader described in enforcement 11.With enforcement 1 unlike: in the present embodiment, do not arrange in this loader material shovel, namely this loader comprises conveying mechanism and rolling rake charge mechanism.Described conveying mechanism comprises belt conveyor, and belt conveyor comprises belt conveyor roller 43, be looped around belt 44 on belt conveyor roller 43 and Belt Conveying machine support 45.Rolling rake charge mechanism comprises cylinder and/or roller bearing, and the external surface interval of cylinder or roller bearing arranges gear hobbing, rolling plate and rolling plate tooth.Rolling rake charge mechanism is arranged on Belt Conveying machine support 45.
The other the same as in Example 1.

Claims (11)

1. a rolling rake material stowage, it is characterized in that: the method makes full use of the feature of material gravity, roller bearing and/or cylinder drive rake charging tooth spiral to turn, the rake of rolling rake charge mechanism charging tooth is inserted from material top and/or upper lateral part, continuously material rake is shoveled and/or feeding unit to material, the rake that rolls of rolling rake charge mechanism is arranged at the front portion and/or front upper of expecting shovel and/or feeding unit, rolling rake charge mechanism is continuously measured clearly the material before material shovel and/or feeding unit, decrease the resistance of material shovel and/or feeding unit propelling, material shovel and/or conveying mechanism are advanced smoothly, the reaction force acceleration material shovel of rake charging tooth and/or advancing of feeding unit, the Bracket setting of rolling rake charge mechanism is on material shovel and/or feeding unit, the support of rolling rake charge mechanism makes to roll rake and moves up and down under the control of guiding mechanism, under the material rake of the eminence that material shovel and/or feeding unit cannot be touched, need by broken for bulk materials broken time use hammer tooth, axe tooth, pick tooth roll rake rake material and/or make to roll rake teeth High Rotation Speed, super large block material breaking is broken and harrows to material shovel and/or feeding unit, rolling rake charge mechanism and material, material shovel and/or feeding unit match, transhipment is continuously given fast by needing loaded material.
2. one kind implements the claims the rolling rake material loader of method described in 1, comprise material shovel and/or feeding unit, material shovel and/or feeding unit comprise walking mechanism, it is characterized in that this rolling rake material loader also comprises rolling rake charge mechanism, rolling rake charge mechanism comprises rolling harrows and support, roll rake and support hinged, roll front portion and/or front upper that rake is positioned at material shovel and/or feeding unit, roll rake and comprise rake charging tooth, the length of rake charging tooth is not less than needs 1/2nd of loaded material block granularity, and Bracket setting is on material shovel and/or feeding unit;
Rolling rake charge mechanism support comprises rolling rake charge mechanism support I and rolling rake charge mechanism support II, rolling rake charge mechanism support I and rolling rake charge mechanism support II, by stud connection, arrange between rolling rake charge mechanism support I and rolling rake charge mechanism support II and bend and stretch mechanism.
3. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described rolling rake charge mechanism comprises roller bearing tooth harrow loader, roller bearing tooth harrow loader comprises roller bearing and/or cylinder, and the external surface of roller bearing or cylinder arranges rake teeth.
4. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the described rake that rolls comprises roller board rake loader and/or roller board tooth harrow loader.
5. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the described rake that rolls comprises roller chain tooth harrow loader.
6. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the described rake that rolls comprises roller chain plate rake loader and/or roller chain plate tooth harrow loader.
7. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the flute profile of described rake charging tooth is for hammer tooth and/or pick tooth.
8. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the flute profile of described rake charging tooth is axe tooth.
9. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described feeding unit is provided with transferring mechanism, transferring mechanism comprises the combination of storage belt-type telescopic conveyor, overlapping extensible belt conveyor, fixed length formula conveyor, the scalable scrapper conveyor of overlapping, scrapper conveyor or belt conveyer and scratch board conveyor.
10. rolling rake material loader according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the support of described rolling rake charge mechanism comprises and bends and stretches mechanism, or support and to bend and stretch mechanism be integral type structure, bend and stretch mechanism and comprise torsion spring, extension spring, spring, butterfly spring, rubber, nylon, polyester, hydraulic cylinder, cylinder and/or leaf spring.
11. rolling rake material loaders according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described material shovel comprises material toggling pawl, and material toggling pawl comprises star-wheel pusher dog, pivoted arm pusher dog and/or flexible pusher dog.
CN201110160738.0A 2011-03-12 2011-06-15 Rolling rake material stowage and rolling rake material loader CN102677711B (en)

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CN102678113B (en) * 2011-03-12 2016-03-02 刘素华 The broken material of rake material clear face loader
CN104119112A (en) * 2013-04-23 2014-10-29 张毅 Continuous discharging apparatus
EA030489B1 (en) * 2013-10-21 2018-08-31 Сухуа Лю Method for directionally swaying and resetting harrow teeth of harrow excavator and harrow excavator implementing directional sway and reset of harrow teeth in the method
CN106522301B (en) * 2017-01-05 2019-03-05 湖北长江清淤疏浚工程有限公司 A kind of scattered transportation system in environment-friendly type riverway sludge booth
CN108505576B (en) * 2018-03-21 2020-11-03 中国五冶集团有限公司 A dregs transfer system for in secret municipal pipeline
CN110844522A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-28 兖矿集团有限公司 Coal cleaning device for coal mine underground belt transportation roadway

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