CN102677643B - Device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth - Google Patents

Device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102677643B
CN102677643B CN201210140660.0A CN201210140660A CN102677643B CN 102677643 B CN102677643 B CN 102677643B CN 201210140660 A CN201210140660 A CN 201210140660A CN 102677643 B CN102677643 B CN 102677643B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
environment
eichhornia crassipes
drive motors
cylinder
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210140660.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102677643A (en
Inventor
吴福忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
University of Shaoxing
Original Assignee
University of Shaoxing
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by University of Shaoxing filed Critical University of Shaoxing
Priority to CN201210140660.0A priority Critical patent/CN102677643B/en
Publication of CN102677643A publication Critical patent/CN102677643A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102677643B publication Critical patent/CN102677643B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth and belongs to the technical field of environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth. The device is characterized in that the device comprises a machine frame, one side of the machine frame is provided with a bracket, one end of the bracket is provided with a cutting blade, the cutting blade is arranged on a first transmission shaft, and the first transmission shaft is in linkage connection with a first driving motor by a first chain; a conveyor belt is arranged below the cutting blade and arranged on a second transmission shaft, and a second driving motor is in linkage connection with a second transmission shaft by a second chain; and a conical funnel is arranged below the conveyor belt and on the machine frame, a cutting device is arranged below the conical funnel, and a dewatering device is arranged below the cutting device. The device of the invention can be conveniently installed and used in a salvage vessel; moreover, the design of the cutting device and the design of the dewatering device are optimized, and the device has the advantages of quick salvage and high processing efficiency; and in addition, water hyacinth is completely dewatered, and water hyacinth is easy to collect and utilize.

Description

Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit, belong to the environmental protection treatment technical field of Eichhornia crassipes.
Background technology:
Eichhornia crassipes (being commonly called as water hyacinth) has powerful fertility, and lacks natural enemy restriction as Invasive Alien Species in China, causes it to spread fast at southern water area.A large amount of Eichhornia crassipes floats and combines in river course lake surface, stops up river course, affects shipping, hinders irrigation and drainage, hinders current, and reduce output of aquatic products, quality in flood season, has a strong impact on the development of transport service, tourist industry and culture fishery.
At present, the processing method of Eichhornia crassipes has following two kinds: the one, rely on artificial method of salvaging, and its shortcoming is that not only labour intensity is large, and speed is too slow, particularly when Eichhornia crassipes large area deposition, is difficult to get a desired effect.The 2nd, adopt the method for chemical prevention to process, its shortcoming is to cause very large harm to aquatic ecosystem, causes ambient influnence.Therefore, researching and developing a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environmental protection treating apparatus, realize fast salvaging and the environmental protection processing of large area Eichhornia crassipes, is the technical problem of being badly in need of at present solution.
Summary of the invention:
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit, can realize the processing such as the cutting of Eichhornia crassipes in blocks and collection, pulverizing, dehydration.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is as follows:
A kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, a side in frame is provided with support, one end of support is provided with cutting blade, cutting blade is installed on the first power transmission shaft, the first power transmission shaft is connected by the first chain and the first drive motors, conveyer belt is installed on cutting blade below, conveyer belt is installed on second driving shaft, the second drive motors is connected by the second chain and second driving shaft, below conveyer belt, be provided with conical hopper, conical hopper is installed in frame, the below of conical hopper is provided with cutter sweep, dewater unit is installed below cutter sweep.
Arrange and be further:
The first power transmission shaft is installed on support, and cutting blade is installed on the two ends, left and right of the first power transmission shaft, has better cutting, carries effect.
Described the first drive motors, the second drive motors are installed on respectively in the frame of the support left and right sides, convenient installation, and make easily this device be installed in pick-up boat and other surface installation.
Be installed on to riding a side of frame, the angle of riding is 30-45 degree.Between described support and frame for being flexibly connected.Can regulate process angle and transmission of angle according to the distribution of the water surface degree of depth and Eichhornia crassipes easily.
Conical hopper is installed on the below of conveyer belt output.
Described cutter sweep adopts via motor-driven one or more groups cutting blade.Further, cutter sweep adopts two groups of cutting blades, wherein: between the first set of blades and the second set of blades, mutually stagger, the first set of blades and the first gear are coaxially installed, the second set of blades and the second gear are coaxially installed, the first gear is meshed with the second gear, and the 3rd drive motors is connected with the first gear-linked by the 3rd chain.Can obtain better cutting and crushing effect.
Dewater unit adopts mesh dehydration cylinder.Further, dewater unit adopts detachable mesh dehydration cylinder, comprise extensible mesh dehydration cylinder, fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder, turning cylinder, wherein, extensible mesh dehydration cylinder is installed on the inner side of fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder, turning cylinder is installed on the below of fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder, and the 4th drive motors is connected by belt and turning cylinder.Can obtain better dehydrating effect, and collect easily Eichhornia crassipes residue, be processed into feed.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
1, Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit of the present invention, can realize the processing such as the cutting of Eichhornia crassipes in blocks and collection, pulverizing, dehydration, and the Eichhornia crassipes after dehydration can be processed into animal feed and use, and has realized the environmental protection utilization of Eichhornia crassipes.
2, optimized the design of cutter sweep and dewater unit, with fast salvaging and the high advantage for the treatment of effeciency,
3, Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit of the present invention, can on salvaging ship, install and use easily, and dehydration thoroughly, is easy to collect and utilizes.Be convenient to large-scale promotion and use, thereby effectively for the growth characteristic of Eichhornia crassipes, can realize fast salvaging and the environmental protection processing of large area Eichhornia crassipes.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is Facad structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is side structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the view of overlooking of the present invention.
Number in the figure: cutting blade 1, the second gear 2, conical hopper 3, the first gear 4, the 3rd chain 5, the 3rd drive motors 6, the 4th drive motors 7, belt 8, extensible mesh dehydration cylinder 9, fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder 10, the second drive motors 11, the second chain 12, second driving shaft 13, the second set of blades 14, the first set of blades 15, conveyer belt 16, the first drive motors 17, the first chain 18, the first power transmission shaft 19, frame 20, support 21, mesh dehydration cylinder 22, turning cylinder 23.
Detailed description of the invention:
In conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit of the present invention, comprise frame 20, a side in frame 20 is provided with support 21, one end of support 21 is provided with cutting blade 1, cutting blade 1 is installed on the first power transmission shaft 19, in the present embodiment, the first power transmission shaft 19 is installed on support 21, cutting blade 1 is installed on the two ends, left and right of the first power transmission shaft 19, the first power transmission shaft 19 is connected by the first chain 18 and the first drive motors 17, conveyer belt 16 is installed on cutting blade 1 below, conveyer belt 16 is installed on second driving shaft 13, the second drive motors 11 is connected with second driving shaft 13 by the second chain 12, as preferred version, the first described drive motors 17, the second drive motors 11 is installed on respectively in the frame 20 of support 21 left and right sides.In the present embodiment, support 21 is sides that are installed on obliquely frame 20, the angle that support 21 tilts is controlled at 30-45 degree (with respect to horizontal level angle), between support 21 and frame 20, can be to be fixedly connected with or to be flexibly connected, and is preferably, between support 21 and frame 20, adopt and be flexibly connected, like this, can be according to different regions and different Eichhornia crassipes growing state, regulate the angle of support 21 and frame 20, thereby adjust cutting blade 1 and conveyer belt 16, obtain optimum Working.Below conveyer belt 16 outputs, (away from cutting blade one end) is provided with conical hopper 3, conical hopper 3 is installed in frame 20, the below of conical hopper 3 is provided with cutter sweep, cutter sweep can adopt via motor-driven one or more groups cutting blade, in the present embodiment, cutter sweep preferably adopts two groups of cutting blades, mutually staggers, thereby obtain better cutting effect between the first set of blades 15 and the second set of blades 14.The first set of blades 15 and the first gear 4 are coaxially installed, and the second set of blades 14 and the second gear 2 are coaxially installed, and the first gear 4 is meshed with the second gear 2, and the 3rd drive motors 6 is connected by the 3rd chain 5 and the first gear 4.Dewater unit is installed below cutter sweep, and dewater unit adopts mesh dehydration cylinder 22, and mesh dehydration cylinder 22 is connected by belt 8 and the 4th drive motors 7.In the present embodiment, mesh dehydration cylinder 22 preferably adopts Demountable, comprise extensible mesh dehydration cylinder 9, fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder 10, turning cylinder 23, wherein, extensible mesh dehydration cylinder 9 is installed on the inner side of fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder 10, turning cylinder 23 is installed on the below of fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder 9, and the 4th drive motors 7 is connected by belt 8 and turning cylinder 23, and the 4th drive motors 7 is installed in frame 20.Extensible mesh dehydration cylinder 9, after dehydration, can take out Eichhornia crassipes residue collect easily and be used for Feed Manufacturing etc.
Operating principle of the present invention is as follows:
This device is arranged on to the front end of pick-up boat or other waterborne movable devices, then, according to the height of water surface situation and Eichhornia crassipes, regulates the setting angle of support 21, cutting blade 1 is placed on the water surface of growth Eichhornia crassipes.When pick-up boat is advanced forward, the first drive motors 17 is passed to the first power transmission shaft 19 by the first chain 18 by power, and under the first power transmission shaft drives, two of left and right cutting blade 1 cuts off Eichhornia crassipes in blocks.Now, the second drive motors 11 is passed to second driving shaft 13 by the second chain 12 by power, drives conveyer belt 16 to rotate, and the Eichhornia crassipes that is arranged in left and right cutting blade 1 mid portion is transported to conical hopper 3.The Eichhornia crassipes of exporting from conical hopper 3, the cutter sweep that enters into conical hopper 3 belows is cut broken, under the driving of the 3rd drive motors 6, power is passed in the installation shaft of the first gear 4 by the 3rd chain 5, the first gear 4 and the second gear 2 are counter-rotated, and then drive and the first gear 4 and coaxial mounted the first set of blades 15 of the second gear 2 and the second set of blades 14 counter-rotate.Eichhornia crassipes is cut to be pulverized, and inputs to the dewater unit of below.In dewater unit, the 4th drive motors 7 is passed to power on the turning cylinder 23 of fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder 10 by belt 8, drives fixing mesh cylinder 10 and extensible mesh cylinder 9 High Rotation Speeds, and the Eichhornia crassipes after cutting and grinding is dewatered.Eichhornia crassipes residue after dehydration can be by taking out extensible mesh dehydration cylinder 9 to collect.Eichhornia crassipes after dehydration, can be processed into animal feed and use, and has realized the environmental protection utilization of Eichhornia crassipes.Advantage of the present invention is: can on salvaging ship, install and use easily, optimize the design of cutter sweep and dewater unit simultaneously, with fast salvaging and the high advantage for the treatment of effeciency, and dehydration thoroughly, is easy to collect and utilizes.

Claims (6)

1. an Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, a side in frame is provided with support, one end of support is provided with cutting blade, cutting blade is installed on the first power transmission shaft, the first power transmission shaft is connected by the first chain and the first drive motors, conveyer belt is installed on cutting blade below, conveyer belt is installed on second driving shaft, the second drive motors is connected by the second chain and second driving shaft, below conveyer belt, be provided with conical hopper, conical hopper is installed in frame, the below of conical hopper is provided with cutter sweep, dewater unit is installed below cutter sweep,
Cutter sweep adopts two groups of cutting blades, wherein: between the first set of blades and the second set of blades, mutually stagger, the first set of blades and the first gear are coaxially installed, the second set of blades and the second gear are coaxially installed, the first gear is meshed with the second gear, and the 3rd drive motors is connected with the first gear-linked by the 3rd chain;
Dewater unit adopts detachable mesh dehydration cylinder, comprise extensible mesh dehydration cylinder, fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder, turning cylinder, wherein, extensible mesh dehydration cylinder is installed on the inner side of fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder, turning cylinder is installed on the below of fixing mesh wringer roll cylinder, and the 4th drive motors is connected by belt and turning cylinder.
2. a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the first power transmission shaft is installed on support, and cutting blade is installed on the two ends, left and right of the first power transmission shaft.
3. a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described the first drive motors, the second drive motors are installed on respectively in the frame of the support left and right sides.
4. a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be installed on to riding a side of frame, the angle of riding is 30-45 degree.
5. according to a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit described in claim 1 or 4, it is characterized in that: between described support and frame for being flexibly connected.
6. a kind of Eichhornia crassipes environment-friendly processing unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that: conical hopper is installed on the below of conveyer belt output.
CN201210140660.0A 2012-05-09 2012-05-09 Device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth Expired - Fee Related CN102677643B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210140660.0A CN102677643B (en) 2012-05-09 2012-05-09 Device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210140660.0A CN102677643B (en) 2012-05-09 2012-05-09 Device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102677643A CN102677643A (en) 2012-09-19
CN102677643B true CN102677643B (en) 2014-07-16

Family

ID=46810162

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210140660.0A Expired - Fee Related CN102677643B (en) 2012-05-09 2012-05-09 Device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102677643B (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191567A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-30 杨尔坚 Device and method for salving water hyacinth
CN105297695B (en) * 2015-11-19 2017-10-31 中国科学院青岛生物能源与过程研究所 A kind of duckweed production recovery arrangement and method
CN108612068B (en) * 2018-08-08 2020-01-21 无锡浩渺生态环境科技有限公司 Environment-friendly tool for salvaging water surface floating garbage and garbage salvaging treatment process thereof
CN110000831A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-07-12 浙江海洋大学 Squid filament cutter

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002084855A (en) * 2000-09-13 2002-03-26 Japan Lake & Canal Co Ltd Waterweed cutter
CN2749243Y (en) * 2004-08-24 2006-01-04 陈华畅 Collecting and treating device of hyacinth
CN201176250Y (en) * 2008-04-01 2009-01-07 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Split type algae pick-up boat
CN201268841Y (en) * 2008-09-27 2009-07-08 邓光荣 Water surface slag raking ship
CN201305844Y (en) * 2008-10-17 2009-09-09 西北工业大学 Fishing gear of hyacinth
CN201713799U (en) * 2010-07-22 2011-01-19 李学麒 Integrated water hyacinths dredging and treating apparatus
CN202552081U (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-11-28 绍兴文理学院 Environmental-protection processing device for water hyacinth

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002084855A (en) * 2000-09-13 2002-03-26 Japan Lake & Canal Co Ltd Waterweed cutter
CN2749243Y (en) * 2004-08-24 2006-01-04 陈华畅 Collecting and treating device of hyacinth
CN201176250Y (en) * 2008-04-01 2009-01-07 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Split type algae pick-up boat
CN201268841Y (en) * 2008-09-27 2009-07-08 邓光荣 Water surface slag raking ship
CN201305844Y (en) * 2008-10-17 2009-09-09 西北工业大学 Fishing gear of hyacinth
CN201713799U (en) * 2010-07-22 2011-01-19 李学麒 Integrated water hyacinths dredging and treating apparatus
CN202552081U (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-11-28 绍兴文理学院 Environmental-protection processing device for water hyacinth

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102677643A (en) 2012-09-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102677643B (en) Device for environment-friendly treatment of water hyacinth
CN202552081U (en) Environmental-protection processing device for water hyacinth
CN103283408B (en) Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function
CN100489196C (en) Aquatic weed clearing device
CN205623311U (en) Aquatic plant reducing mechanism
CN209126934U (en) A kind of solar energy water hyacinth rescue vessel
CN104527939A (en) Machinable offshore enteromorpha salvage ship
CN108082402A (en) A kind of ship for being used to clear up water peanut in complex water areas
CN209126935U (en) Storage grass equipment waterborne and storage grass system waterborne
CN202416283U (en) Float grass salvaging ship
CN205116137U (en) Pollute water algae cleaning device
CN202845126U (en) Cutting grinder
CN108501092A (en) A kind of automatic feeding type kelp slitting processing unit (plant)
CN202910061U (en) Real-time aquatic plant processing device
CN210252547U (en) Solid waste treatment crushing device
CN209219183U (en) A kind of agricultural Chinese chestnut apparatus for peeling off
CN110984103A (en) Movable automatic treatment, suction and removal device for accumulated floaters in water area
CN203554930U (en) Delivery type banana cauloid pulverizer
CN205462764U (en) Device of waterside tongue is smashed in dehydration
CN109089572A (en) A kind of river water plant cleaning crushing and collecting device
CN205501964U (en) Processing apparatus is collected to water hyacinth
CN204599241U (en) Former algae on one main laver pelletizing production line cuts off cleaning and dewatering device
CN203448387U (en) Kitchen garbage and waste plant recycling treater
CN214087872U (en) Water pollution ecological remediation device
CN211378868U (en) Straw reducing mechanism for agricultural production

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140716

Termination date: 20170509