CN102673530A - Automatic electric power supply system of electric vehicle - Google Patents

Automatic electric power supply system of electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102673530A
CN102673530A CN 201210190141 CN201210190141A CN102673530A CN 102673530 A CN102673530 A CN 102673530A CN 201210190141 CN201210190141 CN 201210190141 CN 201210190141 A CN201210190141 A CN 201210190141A CN 102673530 A CN102673530 A CN 102673530A
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automatic
electric vehicle
contact
ka
charging
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CN 201210190141
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Chinese (zh)
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叶明旭
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叶明旭
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Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic electric power supply system of an electric vehicle, which comprises an automatic contact, an electric power input end and an automatic contact body of the contact, wherein the automatic contact is connected with the end part of the automatic contact body of the contact, the electric power input end and an external electric power supply part are connected together, the automatic contact and the electric power input end are connected together by a wire, the automatic contact, the electric power input end and the wire are connected together to form an automatic electric power supply circuit of the electric vehicle, the electric vehicle is positioned at one end of the automatic electric power supply circuit of the electric vehicle, the external electric power supply part is positioned at the other end of the automatic electric power supply circuit of the electric vehicle, the electric vehicle and the external electric power supply part are electrically connected together through the automatic electric power supply circuit of the electric vehicle, and electric energy in the external electric power supply part is transferred to the electric vehicle through the automatic electric power supply circuit of the electric vehicle.

Description

—种电动汽车自动电力供给系统 - kind of automatic electric car power supply system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种电动汽车的能源供给系统,特别是指一种能够根据需要自动为电动汽车提供电力供给的电力系统。 The invention relates to an electric vehicle energy supply system of the [0001] present, and particularly to a system capable of automatically providing power to an electric vehicle power supply as needed.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在当前全球汽车工业面临金融危机和能源环境问题的巨大挑战的情况下,发展电动汽车,实现汽车能源动力系统的电气化,推动传统汽车产业的战略转型,在国际上已经形成了广泛共识。 [0002] In the case of the current global auto industry is facing enormous challenges of the financial crisis and the energy and environmental issues, the development of electric vehicles, electrification of automotive energy power systems, and promote the strategic transformation of the traditional auto industry, has formed a broad consensus in the international community . 电动汽车是指以车载电源为动力,用电机驱动车轮行驶。 It refers to the electric vehicle powered vehicle power supply, driven by a motor driving the wheels. 所以混合动力汽车、纯电动汽车、燃料电池电动汽车都被归为电动汽车。 So hybrid vehicles, pure electric vehicles, fuel cell electric vehicles are classified as motor vehicles.

[0003] 电动汽车之所以成为本世纪技术开发的宠儿,首先是因为电动汽车直接采用电机驱动,本身不排放污染大气的有害气体,即使按所耗电量换算为发电厂的排放,除硫和微粒夕卜,其它污染物也显著减少。 [0003] Electric cars have become the favorite technical development of the present century, first, because the direct motor-driven electric vehicle, the air pollution itself does not emit harmful gases, even in terms of power consumption by the emissions from power plants, in addition to sulfur and Bu Xi particles, other contaminants were also significantly reduced. 其次,电动汽车能够充分利用晚间用电低谷时富余的电力充电,使发电设备得到充分利用,大大地提高了经济效益。 Secondly, the electric car can take advantage of the surplus of electricity charged at night when electricity trough, power generation equipment to be fully utilized, greatly improve economic efficiency.

[0004] 在电动汽车中电机驱动控制系统是电动汽车车辆行驶中的主要执行结构,而在电机驱动控制系统中又尤其以电池部分最为核心,现在的电动汽车中一般以超级电容器、铅酸电池、以磷酸铁锂为正极的锂离子电池、以钛酸锂为负极的锂离子电池或者其他形式的电池制作形成电动汽车的电池部分。 [0004] In the electric vehicle motor drive control system is the main structure of the implementation of electric vehicles travel of the vehicle, and the motor drive control system and particularly in the most central part of the battery, and now electric vehicles generally super capacitors, lead-acid batteries , lithium iron phosphate as the positive electrode of a lithium ion battery, lithium titanate as a negative electrode of a lithium ion battery or other form of batteries forming the battery part produced electric vehicle.

[0005] 如上所述在具体实施的时候无论采用何种电池作为动力源都面临着在使用一段时间之后需要进行充电补充能源的问题,目前对电动汽车进行充电的方式一般都是首先需要在停车场或者其他固定地点设置一充电桩,充电桩与外部电路相连接,充电桩上连接有充电电缆,充电电缆端部连接有汽车充电头。 [0005] As described above, when implemented regardless of the specific use of the battery as a power source are faced with the problem needs to be charged replenish energy after a period of use, the current way of charging electric vehicles are generally first need to stop field or other fixed locations disposed a charging pile, pile connected to an external charging circuit, charging the charging cable is connected to the post, the charging cable connected to an end car charging head.

[0006] 人们在利用上述充电桩对电动汽车进行充电的时候首先需要驾驶电动汽车停靠在充电桩附近,而后驾驶人员需要从车辆中下来并将汽车充电头从充电桩上取下并且将汽车充电头插入到电动汽车的充电口中方可以进行充电,在充电的过程中人们需要在充电桩旁边等待,待电充满后还需要将汽车充电头从汽车上拔下并重新放回充电桩上才可以完成整体充电过程,在具体实施的时候上述的充电方式不但步骤烦琐且需要耗费驾驶人员大量的时间,同时由于充电电缆自身长度的限制,经常会出现需要多次移动车辆后汽车充电头才能够插入到电动汽车的充电口中的情况,而此是为传统技术的主要缺点。 [0006] When the electric vehicle people charged by the charging pile driving an electric car requires first charging stop near the pile, and then the driver needs down from the vehicle and removed from the vehicle charging head and the vehicle charging the charging post after the head is inserted into the mouth of charging electric vehicles can be charged party, people need to wait for the next charging post in charge of the process, to be full of electric vehicle charging also need to remove it from the car and head back into the charging post can to complete the whole charging process, in particular when the above-described embodiment of the step of charging not only cumbersome and requires a lot of time-consuming driver, and because of their limited length of the charging cable, is often necessary to move the vehicle after several cars can be inserted before charging head the electric vehicle charging mouth, and this is the main drawback of traditional techniques.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明提供一种电动汽车自动电力供给系统,其能够根据需要自动为电动汽车提供电力供给从而方便人们使用,而此是为本发明的主要目的。 [0007] The present invention provides an automatic electric vehicle power supply system, which can be supplied so as to facilitate people need to automatically provide power to an electric vehicle in accordance with, and this is the primary object of the present invention.

[0008] 本发明所采用的技术方案为:一种电动汽车自动电力供给系统,其包括自动接触端、电力输入端以及接触端自动接触本体,该自动接触端连接在该接触端自动接触本体的端部,该电力输入端与外部电力供给部分相连接,该自动接触端与该电力输入端之间通过导线相连接。 [0008] The technical proposal of the present invention is: an electric vehicle automatic power supply system, which includes an automatic contact end, and the power input terminal automatically contacts the contact body, which is automatically connected to the contact end in contact with the body contact end automatically an end portion, and the power input portion is connected to the external power supply, the automatic contact between the power input terminal and is connected by a wire. [0009] 该自动接触端、该电力输入端以及该导线连接组成电动汽车电力自动供给电路,在具体实施的时候,电动汽车位于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路的一端,而外部电力供给部分位于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路的另外一端,通过该电动汽车电力自动供给电路将电动汽车与外部电力供给部分在特定的时间特定的地点电连接在一起,此刻,外部电力供给部分中的电能通过该电动汽车电力自动供给电路传输至电动汽车中,从而完成对电动汽车的充电动作或者完成对电动汽车的即时电力供给动作。 [0009] The automatic contact end, the power input and the lead connected to form an electric vehicle automatic power supply circuit, while specific embodiments, the electric vehicle is located the electric vehicle automatic power supply end of the circuit, and the external power supply portion located automatic electric vehicle power supply circuit of the other end, an automatic supply circuit connecting the electric vehicle and the external power supply section at a specific time specific locations together by electrical power of the electric car, at the moment, the external power supply portion of the electric power through the automatic transmission vehicle electrical supply circuit to the electric car, thereby completing the charging operation of the electric vehicle or the operation of the power supply to the completion of instant electric vehicle.

[0010] 该接触端自动接触本体能够发生物理形变以改变该自动接触端的空间位置,以使电动汽车与外部电力供给部分在电连接与断开两种状态之间变换。 [0010] The body contact end capable of automatically contacting physical deformations to change the spatial position of the automatic contact end so that the electric vehicle and external power supply portion is electrically connected between the two states of the transform disconnected.

[0011] 在具体实施的时候该接触端自动接触本体可以通过其自身配备的动力系统改变其自身的物理状态,比较典型的该动力系统可以为驱动电机。 [0011] In the concrete embodiment of the contact end of the contact body may automatically change their physical state by the power system is equipped with its own, the typical power system may be a drive motor.

[0012] 该接触端自动接触本体也可以通过外力的作用来改变其自身的物理状态,比如在受到外部压力或者推力等力量作用的时候,通过该接触端自动接触本体的动作可以实现电动汽车相对于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路的自动接入或者自动断开状态,从而实现根据需要对电动汽车进行自动的电力供给。 [0012] The contact end automatic contact body may be changed its own physical state by the action of an external force, such as by forces external pressure or thrust and the like, it can realize an electric car through operation of the contact end automatic contact body opposite to the electric car power supply automatic access to automatic or auto-off state of the circuit, in order to achieve automatic electric vehicle power supply as needed.

[0013] 在本发明中通过在该接触端自动接触本体中设置机械弹簧的方式以达到在有外力作用的时候使该接触端自动接触本体能够发生物理形变。 [0013] In the present invention, by contacting the contact end automatic mechanical spring body disposed in a manner to achieve when an external force so that the contact end of the contact body automatically physical deformations can occur.

[0014] 具体描述为,该接触端自动接触本体中连接有机械弹黃,该机械弹黃包括旋转扭力弹簧以及摆动弹簧,当该接触端自动接触本体受到外力作用的时候,通过该旋转扭力弹簧能够使该自动接触端在一平面方向上改变其自身的空间位置,通过该摆动弹簧能够使该自动接触端在一定的摆动角度内改变其自身的空间位置。 [0014] Described specifically, the automatic contact body contact end connected to a mechanical spring, the mechanical spring comprises a wave spring and a torsion spring rotating, when in contact with the contact end of the body automatically by external force, the torsion spring by rotating the the contact end capable of automatically changing its own spatial position in the direction of a plane, through which the rocking spring enables the contact end automatically changing its own spatial position within a certain pivot angle.

[0015] 在本发明中还可以通过为该接触端自动接触本体配置提升动作执行机构的方式实现该接触端自动接触本体自动的改变其物理形态,具体描述为,该接触端自动接触本体包括提升动作执行机构,提升动作执行机构能够驱动该接触端自动接触本体整体运动,从而达到改变该自动接触端空间位置的目的,该提升动作执行机构可以采用电机驱动、液压驱动、蓄能弹簧驱动或者其他驱动方式驱动该接触端自动接触本体动作。 [0015] In the present invention, may also be configured to enhance the operation of the actuator mode automatically changes its physical form in contact with the contact end of the body automatically, particularly as described by automatic contact end for contacting the body, the body comprising a contact end lifting automatic contact operation of the actuator, the actuator can be driven to enhance the operation of the automatic contact contact end global motion body, so as to achieve the purpose of automatically varying the spatial position of the contact end, the lift motor drive mechanism may perform an operation using, hydraulic drive, or other accumulator spring drive driving the driven body in contact with the contact end of the automatic operation.

[0016] 在具体实施的时候,该接触端自动接触本体还包括自平衡充电接触滑轮、触滑轮支臂以及支臂固定架,其中,该自平衡充电接触滑轮为该自动接触端,该自平衡充电接触滑轮连接在该触滑轮支臂端部,该触滑轮支臂与该支臂固定架相连接,该旋转扭力弹簧以及该摆动弹簧连接在该支臂固定架与该提升动作执行机构之间。 [0016] In the concrete embodiment, the contact end in contact with the body automatically self-balancing charging contact further comprises a pulley, the pulley arm and the contact arm holder, wherein the self-balancing pulley for the automatic charging contact the contact end, the self-balancing charging contact connected to the pulley sheave contact arm end portion, the contact pulley arm connected to the arm holder, and the rotation torsion spring connected to the swing arm spring holder lifting operation of the actuator between .

[0017] 利用本发明上述的技术方案在具体实施的时候可以支持多种自动电力供给方式,具体如下所述, [0017] With the present invention, when the above-described particular aspect of the embodiment may support a variety of automatic power supply mode, as described below,

方式一: method one:

该电动汽车自动电力供给系统设置在自动停车亭上,该自动停车亭上设置有充电器配电桩,该充电器配电桩为该外部电力供给部分,该电力输入端连接在该充电器配电桩上,该导线一端与该充电器配电桩相连接,该导线的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该导线可以穿过该触滑轮支臂后与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,从而达到固定该导线的作用,该电动汽车上设置有导电导轨,该导电导轨可以设置在汽车的顶部也可以设置在汽车的底部。 The automatic electric vehicle power supply system provided in the automatic parking booth, the charger is provided with a distribution of the automatic parking kiosk pile, pile for distribution outside the charger power supply section, the power input is connected with the charger power pile, one end of the lead is connected to the charger distribution pile, the other end of the wire pulley charging contact connected to the self-balancing, the lead may pass through the pulley arm of the contact charging contact with the self-balancing pulley is connected, so as to achieve fixing of the wire, the guide rail is provided with a conductive electric vehicle, the conductive rail may be disposed on the top of the car may also be provided at the bottom of the car.

[0018] 该自动停车亭具有充电停车位,该电动汽车上设置有车辆类型传感器,当该电动汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该车辆类型传感器发送确认信息给该自动停车亭,此亥IJ,该电动汽车自动电力供给系统动作由该提升动作执行机构驱动该自平衡充电接触滑轮动作,使该自平衡充电接触滑轮接触该电动汽车的该导电导轨,从而将该电动汽车接入该电动汽车电力自动供给电路中对该电动汽车进行自动充电,通过该车辆类型传感器的设置能够将电动汽车与普通非充电汽车区别开来,当非充电汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该电动汽车自动电力供给系统不工作。 [0018] The automated parking kiosk has a charging parking spaces, is provided with a vehicle type sensors on the electric vehicle when the electric vehicle parked in the charging parking space when the vehicle type sensor sends an acknowledgment message to the automatic parking booth, this Hai IJ, the electric vehicle automatic operation of the power supply system is driven by the lifting action of the actuator from contacting the pulleys of the balance charging operation, so that the charge from the balance of the pulley contacts the contact conductor tracks of the electric vehicle, an electric vehicle so that the access to the automatic electric car power supply circuit for automatic charging of the electric vehicle, the vehicle type by providing a sensor capable of charging electric vehicles and non-automotive difference between ordinary apart, when the non-charging car parked in the parking space when charging, the automatic electric vehicle power supply system is not working.

[0019] 该自动停车亭上还设置有自动充电控制器,该自动充电控制器与该提升动作执行机构连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构的工作状态。 [0019] further provided on the kiosk has an automatic charging automatic parking control, the automatic charging operation controller is connected to the lifting actuator, and controls the operational state of the lifting action of the actuator.

[0020] 该自动充电控制器包括车辆感应器,当该电动汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,首先由该车辆感应器探测到车辆停靠信息并反馈给该自动充电控制器,而后该自动充电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该电动汽车进入到充电状态。 [0020] The automatic charging controller includes a vehicle sensor, when the electric vehicle parked in the parking space charge when the vehicle is first detected by the sensor and fed back to the parked vehicle information to automatically charge the controller, which then automatically the charge controller controls the lifting operation so that the actuator operation proceeds to the electric vehicle charging state.

[0021] 当该电动汽车的电量达到预定值的时候,该车辆感应器将充电完成的信息反馈给该自动充电控制器,该自动充电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态。 [0021] When the electric vehicle reaches a predetermined value of charge, the charging of the vehicle sensor feedback information to complete the automatic charge controller, the controller automatically controls the charging operation performed lifting mechanism is operated so that the lifting action of the actuator return to the initial state.

[0022] 该自动停车亭上还设置有电量计费器,通过该电量计费器可以计算充电时间并进行收费,也可以配备相关的IC卡设备,根据IC卡进行刷卡消费、同时还可以利用遥控器进行遥控动作。 [0022] the automatic parking kiosk is further provided with power meter, and charged by the power meter can calculate the charging time may be associated with an IC card device, the IC card consumer credit card, but also can use remote control for remote operation.

[0023] 在具体实施的时候该自动停车亭上不同位置处可以设置多个该电动汽车自动电力供给系统以满足不同规格不同充电位置电动汽车充电的需要。 [0023] In the concrete embodiment of the automatic parking kiosk may be provided at different locations on the plurality of the electric vehicle power supply system automatically to meet different specifications of different charging position for charging an electric vehicle requires.

[0024] 在具体实施的时候该自动停车亭还可以包括固定架以及举升式停车盘,该充电停车位位于该举升式停车盘上,该自动充电控制器控制该举升式停车盘的举升以及下落动作,当该电动汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该自动充电控制器控制该举升式停车盘举升并对该电动汽车进行充电,此刻,该举升式停车盘下方的空间可以容纳人员自由通行达到合理利用道路上方空间的作用。 [0024] The stop automatically when particular embodiment may further include a kiosk and lift type parking disc holder, which is disposed on the charging parking lift type parking disc, the charging controller automatically controls the lifting parking disc and lift-down operation, when the electric vehicle parked in the parking space when charging, the charging controller automatically controls the lifting and parking disc lifting charge the electric vehicle, at the moment, the lift-type parking disc space below the staff to accommodate free passage to the role of rational use of space above the road.

[0025]方式二 : [0025] Second way:

该电动汽车自动电力供给系统设置在该电动汽车上,在机动车行驶道路地面以下埋设道路电缆,该道路电缆与道路导电轨道相连接,该道路导电轨道暴露在道路地面以上,该道路电缆与供电箱相连接,该供电箱在道路上每隔一定的距离就设置一个,该供电箱将普通市电转换成电动车所规定的电压通过该道路电缆连接到地面的该道路导电轨道上,该道路电缆、该道路导电轨道以及该供电箱组成该外部电力供给部分。 The automatic electric vehicle power supply system provided on the electric vehicle, the cable is embedded in a road vehicle traveling road surface below the road and road cable is connected to the conductive track, the conductive track is exposed above the road surface road, the road with the power supply cable tank connected to the supply tank is set a certain distance intervals on the road, the power supply box converts ordinary mains voltage into a predetermined electric vehicle is connected to the conductive track road to the road surface by a cable, the road cables, and the power supply path conductive tracks constituting the external electrical power supply box portion.

[0026] 该电动汽车中设置有车载供电电池,该电力输入端连接在该车载供电电池上,该导线一端与该车载供电电池相连接,该导线的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该导线穿过该触滑轮支臂后与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该提升动作执行机构固定连接在该电动汽车上。 [0026] The electric vehicle provided with a car powered by the battery, the power input is connected to the vehicle power supply battery, the ends of the wires connected to the vehicle supply battery, the lead of the other end in contact with the self-balancing charging pulley connected , after which the wire passes through the contact arm into contact with the pulley from the pulley of the balance charging is connected to a lifting action on the actuator is fixedly connected to the electric vehicle.

[0027] 该电动汽车上设置有自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器与该提升动作执行机构连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构的工作状态。 [0027] disposed on the electric vehicle has an automatic power controller, the power supply controller is automatically connected to the lift actuator operation, and controls the operational state of the lifting action of the actuator. [0028] 该自动供电控制器包括感应器,当该电动汽车行驶到设置有该外部电力供给部分路面上的时候,该感应器探测到设置有该外部电力供给部分的路况信息并反馈给该自动供电控制器,而后该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该自平衡充电接触滑轮与该道路导电轨道相接触该电动汽车进入到充电状态。 [0028] The automatic power controller comprises a sensor, which when the electric car to the external power supply is provided with a part of the road, which is provided with a sensor to detect the traffic information portion and an external power supply is automatically fed back to the supply controller, which then automatically controls the supply operation of the lifting actuator of the self-balancing action causes a contact charging roller in contact with the conductive tracks of the road into electric vehicle charging state.

[0029] 当该电动汽车的电量达到预定值的时候,该感应器将充电完成的信息反馈给该自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态。 [0029] When the electric vehicle reaches a predetermined power value, the charging is completed will the sensing feedback to the automatic power control, the power controller controls the automatic operation of the lifting actuator operation so that the lifting action of the actuator replies to the initial state.

[0030] 或者当该电动汽车驶离设置有该外部电力供给部分的路面的时候,该感应器驶离信息反馈给该自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态。 [0030] or when the electric car ran off the road surface is provided with external power supply portion, the sensor information back to the departure of the automatic power control, the power controller controls the automatic operation of the lifting action causes the actuator lifting action actuator returns to its original state.

[0031] 通过上述的技术方案可以使电动汽车在行使的过程中就完成充电的动作,大大扩展了传统的充电方式,能够节约驾驶人员大量的时间。 [0031] can be made by the above aspect of electric vehicles in the exercise of the charging operation is completed, greatly expanding the conventional charging mode, the driver can save a lot of time.

[0032] 方式三: [0032] Three ways:

该电动汽车自动电力供给系统设置在该电动汽车上,在机动车行驶道路地面以下埋设道路电缆,该道路电缆与道路导电轨道相连接,该道路导电轨道暴露在道路地面以上,该道路电缆与供电箱相连接,该供电箱在道路上每隔一定的距离就设置一个,该供电箱将普通·市电转换成电动车所规定的电压通过该道路电缆连接到地面的该道路导电轨道上,该道路电缆、该道路导电轨道以及该供电箱组成该外部电力供给部分。 The automatic electric vehicle power supply system provided on the electric vehicle, the cable is embedded in a road vehicle traveling road surface below the road and road cable is connected to the conductive track, the conductive track is exposed above the road surface road, the road with the power supply cable tank connected to the supply tank is set a certain distance intervals on the road, the power supply box converts into a normal-voltage mains predetermined electric vehicle is connected to the conductive track road to the road surface by a cable, the cable road, the road and the power supply conductive tracks constituting the external electrical power supply box portion.

[0033] 该电动汽车中设置有电力驱动系统以及燃料驱动系统,该电力输入端连接在该电力驱动系统上,该电力驱动系统中不包含传统电动车的车载电池,该导线一端与该电力驱动系统相连接,该导线的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该导线穿过该触滑轮支臂后与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该提升动作执行机构固定连接在该电动汽车上。 [0033] The electric vehicle is provided with an electric drive system and a fuel driving system, the power input is connected to the electric drive system, the electric drive system is not included in the conventional electric car vehicle battery, the lead end of the drive to the power the system is connected to the other end of the wire pulley charging contact connected to the self-balancing, which after passing through the lead pulley arm contact charging contact with the self-balancing pulley is connected to a lifting action of the actuator is fixedly connected to the electric vehicle on.

[0034] 该电动汽车上设置有自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器与该提升动作执行机构连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构的工作状态。 [0034] disposed on the electric vehicle has an automatic power controller, the power supply controller is automatically connected to the lift actuator operation, and controls the operational state of the lifting action of the actuator.

[0035] 该自动供电控制器包括感应器,当该电动汽车行驶到设置有该外部电力供给部分路面上的时候,该感应器探测到设置有该外部电力供给部分的路况信息并反馈给该自动供电控制器,而后该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该自平衡充电接触滑轮与该道路导电轨道相接触该电动汽车中的该电力驱动系统工作提供该电动汽车的行驶动力。 [0035] The automatic power controller comprises a sensor, which when the electric car to the external power supply is provided with a part of the road, which is provided with a sensor to detect the traffic information portion and an external power supply is automatically fed back to the supply controller, which then automatically controls the supply operation of the lifting actuator of the self-balancing action causes the contact of the charging roller contacts the electric drive system operates the electric vehicle with the road to provide the conductive tracks electric vehicle driving dynamics.

[0036] 当该电动汽车驶离设置有该外部电力供给部分的路面的时候,该感应器驶离信息反馈给该自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态。 [0036] When the electric vehicle is provided with a road surface to leave the outer portion of the power supply, the sensor information back to the departure of the automatic power control, the power controller controls the automatic operation of the lifting action causes the lift actuator operation of the actuator returns to the original state.

[0037] 该电动汽车自动由该电力驱动系统驱动状态切换到由该燃料驱动系统驱动的状态,从而使该电动汽车能够继续行使。 [0037] The electric vehicle is automatically switched from the driven state to the electric drive system driven by the driving system of the state of the fuel, so that the electric vehicle can continue to exercise.

[0038] 在具体实施上述技术方案的时候可以在特定的路面上设置该外部电力供给部分,从而达到当该电动汽车行驶在该路段的时候由电力驱动从而达到节约燃料提升环保效果的作用。 [0038] The external power supply may be provided on a particular portion of the road when the specific embodiment of the technical solution to achieve the electric vehicle when traveling the road when driven by electric power so as to achieve the fuel saving enhance the environmental effect.

[0039] 在设置有该外部电力供给部分的路段上还可以设置有电量计费器,通过该电量计费器可以计算充电时间并进行收费,也可以配备相关的IC卡设备,根据IC卡进行刷卡消费、同时还可以利用遥控器进行遥控动作。 [0039] On the outer link portion is provided with a power supply may also be provided with a power meter, to charge the battery by charging and the charging time may be calculated, may be associated with an IC card device, according to the IC card card consumption, but also you can use a remote controller for remote operation.

[0040] 本发明的有益效果为:本发明包括自动接触端、电力输入端以及接触端自动接触本体,该电力输入端与外部电力供给部分相连接,该自动接触端、该电力输入端以及该导线连接组成电动汽车电力自动供给电路,电动汽车位于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路的一端,而外部电力供给部分位于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路的另外一端,通过该电动汽车电力自动供给电路将电动汽车与外部电力供给部分在特定的时间特定的地点电连接在一起,此刻,外部电力供给部分中的电能通过该电动汽车电力自动供给电路传输至电动汽车中,从而完成对电动汽车的充电动作或者完成对电动汽车的即时电力供给动作通过本发明的技术方案可以提升对电动汽车的供电的便捷性,节约驾驶人员的时间,方便人们使用。 [0040] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: the present invention includes an automatic contact end, a power input terminal and a contact terminal automatically contacts the main body, the power input to the external power supply section is connected to the automatic contact end, the power input and conductors connected to form an electric vehicle automatic power supply circuit, an electric vehicle located electric vehicle automatic power supply end of the circuit, and the external power supply portion located at the other end of the electric vehicle automatic power supply circuit, the supply circuit of the electric automatically by the electric vehicle power automotive external power supply section is connected at a particular time with a particular place electrically, at the moment, the external power supply section of the power supply circuit is automatically transmitted to the electric vehicle through the electric power the electric vehicle, thereby completing the charging operation of the electric vehicle, or immediate complete operation of the electric vehicle power supply through the technical solutions of the present invention can improve the convenience of the electric power supply to the vehicle, the driver saves time, easy for people to use.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0041] 图I为本发明的原理方框图。 [0041] I schematic block diagram of the present invention.

[0042] 图2为本发明的接触端自动接触本体的侧视结构图。 [0042] FIG contact end 2 of the present invention automatically contacts a side view of a body structure.

[0043] 图3为本发明的接触端自动接触本体的主视结构图。 [0043] FIG 3 a front view of the structure of the present invention FIG contact terminal automatic contact body.

[0044] 图4为本发明的第一种实施方式的主视图。 [0044] FIG 4 a front view of a first embodiment of the present invention.

[0045] 图5为本发明的原理方框图。 [0045] The principles of the block diagram of FIG. 5 of the present invention.

[0046] 图6为本发明的第一种实施方式的侧视图。 A side view of a first embodiment [0046] FIG. 6 of the present invention.

[0047] 图7为本发明的第二、三种实施方式的侧视图。 The present invention is a second side view of the three ways Embodiment [0047] FIG.

[0048] 图8为本发明的第二、三种实施方式的结构示意图。 A second structural schematic view of three ways embodiment [0048] FIG. 8 of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0049] 如图I至8所示,一种电动汽车自动电力供给系统,其包括自动接触端100、电力输入端200以及接触端自动接触本体300。 [0049] FIG. I to 8, an electric automotive automatic power supply system that includes an automatic contact end 100, a power input terminal 200 and the contact body 300 to automatically contact end.

[0050] 如图I所示,该自动接触端100连接在该接触端自动接触本体300的端部,该电力输入端200与外部电力供给部分B相连接,该自动接触端100与该电力输入端200之间通过导线C相连接。 [0050] As shown in FIG I, the contact end 100 is automatically connected to the end of the contact end automatic contact body 300, the power input 200 is connected to the external power supply sections B, the automatic contact with the power input terminal 100 C by a wire connected between the terminal 200.

[0051] 该自动接触端100、该电力输入端200以及该导线C连接组成电动汽车电力自动供给电路400。 [0051] The automated contact end 100, the power input connector 200 and the lead composition C automatic electric car power supply circuit 400.

[0052] 在具体实施的时候,电动汽车A位于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路400的一端,而外部电力供给部分B位于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路400的另外一端。 [0052] In the concrete embodiment of the electric vehicle A is supplied to one end of the electric vehicle automatic power circuit 400, and the external power supply portion of the electric vehicle B is located in the other end of automatic power supply circuit 400.

[0053] 通过该电动汽车电力自动供给电路400将电动汽车A与外部电力供给部分B在特定的时间特定的地点电连接在一起,此刻,外部电力供给部分B中的电能通过该电动汽车电力自动供给电路400传输至电动汽车A中,从而完成对电动汽车A的充电动作或者完成对电动汽车A的即时电力供给动作。 [0053] The automatic feeding of the electric vehicle through the power circuit 400 is connected to the electric vehicle A and the external power supply section B at a particular time with a particular place electrically, at the moment, the external power supply portion B of the power through the electric vehicle automatic power supply circuit 400 is transmitted to the electric vehicle a, thereby completing the charging operation of the electric vehicle or a complete operation of the instant power supply of the electric vehicle a.

[0054] 该接触端自动接触本体300能够发生物理形变以改变该自动接触端100的空间位置,以使电动汽车A与外部电力供给部分B在电连接与断开两种状态之间变换。 [0054] The contact end capable of automatic contact body 300 is deformed to change the physical spatial position of the automatic contact end 100, so that electric vehicles A and B in the external power supply portion disconnecting the electrical connection between the two states of the transform.

[0055] 在具体实施的时候该接触端自动接触本体300可以通过其自身配备的动力系统改变其自身的物理状态,比较典型的该动力系统可以为驱动电机。 [0055] The contact end contacting body 300 automatically when particular embodiment may change their physical state by the power system is equipped with its own, the typical power system may be a drive motor.

[0056] 该接触端自动接触本体300也可以通过外力的作用来改变其自身的物理状态,比如在受到外部压力或者推力等力量作用的时候。 [0056] The contact end automatic contact body 300 may be changed by the state of its own physical external force, such as by thrust forces external pressure or the like when.

[0057] 通过该接触端自动接触本体300的动作可以实现电动汽车A相对于该电动汽车电力自动供给电路400的自动接入或者自动断开状态,从而实现根据需要对电动汽车进行自动的电力供给。 Operation [0057] automatic contact via the contact terminal body 300 may be implemented with respect to the electric vehicle A electric vehicle automatic power supply circuit 400 or the automatic access to the auto-off state, in order to achieve automatic electric vehicle power supply as needed .

[0058] 如图I至3所示,在本发明中通过在该接触端自动接触本体300中设置机械弹簧的方式以达到在有外力作用的时候使该接触端自动接触本体300能够发生物理形变。 [0058] FIG. I to 3, in the present invention is to achieve an automatic contact so that the contact end of the body 300 when an external force in physical deformations can occur by a mechanical spring contact end of the body 300 of the automatic contact manner .

[0059] 具体描述为,该接触端自动接触本体300中连接有机械弹簧。 [0059] Described specifically, the contact end 300 of the automatic contact body is connected with a mechanical spring.

[0060] 该机械弹簧包括旋转扭力弹簧11以及摆动弹簧12。 [0060] The mechanical spring comprises a wave spring 11 and the torsion spring 12 rotates.

[0061]当该接触端自动接触本体300受到外力作用的时候,通过该旋转扭力弹簧11能够使该自动接触端100在一平面方向上改变其自身的空间位置。 [0061] When the contact end 300 of the body contacting external force is applied automatically by rotation of the torsion spring 11 automatically enables the contact end 100 changes its own spatial position in a plane direction.

[0062] 通过该摆动弹簧12能够使该自动接触端100在一定的摆动角度内改变其自身的空间位置。 [0062] By this rocking spring 12 enables the automatic contact end 100 changes its own spatial position within a certain pivot angle.

[0063] 在本发明中还可以通过为该接触端自动接触本体300配置提升动作执行机构的方式实现该接触端自动接触本体300自动的改变其物理形态。 [0063] In the present invention, by further contact end for contacting the body 300 is configured to automatically lift mode of operation of the actuator to achieve the automatic contact of the body contact end automatically changes its physical form 300.

[0064] 具体描述为,该接触端自动接触本体300包括提升动作执行机构20,提升动作执行机构20能够驱动该接触端自动接触本体300整体运动,从而达到改变该自动接触端100空间位置的目的。 [0064] Described specifically, the contact end automatic contact body 300 includes a lifting operation of the actuator 20, lifting operation of the actuator 20 capable of driving the contact end automatic contact body 300 integrally movement to change the purpose of the automatic contact end 100 spatial position .

[0065] 该提升动作执行机构20可以采用电机驱动、液压驱动、蓄能弹簧驱动或者其他驱动方式驱动该接触端自动接触本体300动作。 [0065] The operation of the lift actuator 20 may be motor-driven, hydraulic drive, or other storage spring drive the additional driver action contact end 300 in contact with the body automatically.

[0066] 在具体实施的时候,该接触端自动接触本体300还包括自平衡充电接触滑轮30、触滑轮支臂40以及支臂固定架50。 [0066] In the concrete embodiment of an automatic contact end of the contact body 300 further includes a self-balancing charging contact pulley 30, the pulley arm 40 and the contact arm holder 50.

[0067] 其中,该自平衡充电接触滑轮30为该自动接触端100。 [0067] wherein, the self-balancing pulley 30 for automatically charging contact the contact end 100.

[0068] 该自平衡充电接触滑轮30连接在该触滑轮支臂40端部,该触滑轮支臂40与该支臂固定架50相连接。 [0068] The self-balancing pulley 30 is connected to charging contact 40 of the contact end portion of the pulley arm, the pulley arm 40 of the contact holder 50 connected to the arm.

[0069] 该旋转扭力弹簧11以及该摆动弹簧12连接在该支臂固定架50与该提升动作执行机构20之间。 [0069] The torsion spring 11 and rotating the pivot spring 12 is connected between the bracket arm 50 and the lifting operation of the actuator 20.

[0070] 利用本发明上述的技术方案在具体实施的时候可以支持多种自动电力供给方式,具体如下所述, [0070] With the present invention, when the above-described particular aspect of the embodiment may support a variety of automatic power supply mode, as described below,

方式一: method one:

如图4至6所示,该电动汽车自动电力供给系统设置在自动停车亭500上。 As shown in FIG. 4 to 6, the automatic electric vehicle power supply system provided in the automatic parking booth 500.

[0071 ] 该自动停车亭500上设置有充电器配电桩510,该充电器配电桩510为该外部电力供给部分B。 [0071] 500 provided on the automatic parking pile distribution kiosk charger 510, the charger 510 for the external electrical power distribution pile supply section B.

[0072] 该电力输入端200连接在该充电器配电桩510上。 [0072] The power input 200 is connected to the charger 510 piles distribution.

[0073] 该导线C 一端与该充电器配电桩510相连接,该导线C的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮30相连接。 [0073] One end of the cord C with the charger 510 is connected to the power distribution pile, the other end of the wire C into contact with the pulley 30 is connected to self-balance charging.

[0074] 该导线C可以穿过该触滑轮支臂40后与该自平衡充电接触滑轮30相连接,从而达到固定该导线C的作用。 [0074] The cord C may pass after the contact arm 40 contacts the pulley 30 and a pulley connected to the charge from the balance, to achieve the effect of fixing the wire C.

[0075] 该电动汽车A上设置有导电导轨520。 [0075] The motor 520 is provided with conductor tracks on the car A.

[0076] 该导电导轨520可以设置在汽车的顶部也可以设置在汽车的底部。 [0076] The conductive guide 520 may be provided on top of the car may also be provided at the bottom of the car.

[0077] 该自动停车亭500具有充电停车位,该电动汽车A上设置有车辆类型传感器540。 [0077] The kiosk 500 has a charging stop automatically parking the motor vehicle is provided with a sensor 540 on the vehicle type A.

[0078] 当该电动汽车A停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该车辆类型传感器540发送确认信息给该自动停车亭500,此刻,该电动汽车自动电力供给系统动作由该提升动作执行机构20驱动该自平衡充电接触滑轮30动作,使该自平衡充电接触滑轮30接触该电动汽车A的该导电导轨520,从而将该电动汽车A接入该电动汽车电力自动供给电路400中对该电动汽车A进行自动充电。 [0078] When the electric vehicle A rests on the charging parking space when the vehicle type sensor 540 sends an acknowledgment message to the automatic parking booth 500, at the moment, the electric vehicle automatic power supply system operation of the lifting action of the actuator 20 the drive pulley 30 from the contact charging balancing operation, so that the conducting rails 520 from the balanced charging contact 30 contacting the sheaves of the electric vehicle a, the electric vehicle so that access to the electric vehicle a power supply circuit 400 for the automatic electric vehicle A is automatically charged.

[0079] 通过该车辆类型传感器540的设置能够将电动汽车与普通非充电汽车区别开来,当非充电汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该电动汽车自动电力供给系统不工作。 [0079] by the type of the vehicle sensor 540 can be provided with a non-charging electric vehicles difference between ordinary cars apart, when the non-charging car parked in the parking space, when charging the electric vehicle power supply system does not work automatically.

[0080] 该自动停车亭500上还设置有自动充电控制器550,该自动充电控制器550与该提升动作执行机构20连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构20的工作状态。 [0080] The automated parking kiosk 500 is also provided with an automatic charging controller 550, the controller 550 automatically charging 20 is connected to the lifting operation of the actuator, and controls the operational state of the lifting mechanism 20 performs the operation.

[0081] 该自动充电控制器550包括车辆感应器,当该电动汽车A停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,首先由该车辆感应器探测到车辆停靠信息并反馈给该自动充电控制器550,而后该自动充电控制器550控制该提升动作执行机构20动作使该电动汽车A进入到充电状态。 [0081] The automatic charging controller includes a vehicle sensor 550, when the electric vehicle charging A rests on the parking space when the vehicle is first detected by the sensor and fed back to the parked vehicle information to automatically charge the controller 550, the charging controller 550 then automatically controls the lifting operation of the actuator 20 is operated so that the electric vehicle A into the charging state.

[0082] 当该电动汽车A的电量达到预定值的时候,该车辆感应器将充电完成的信息反馈给该自动充电控制器550,该自动充电控制器550控制该提升动作执行机构20动作使该提升动作执行机构20回复到初始状态。 [0082] When the electric vehicle battery A reaches a predetermined value, the charging of the vehicle sensor feedback information to complete the automatic charging controller 550, the controller 550 controls the operation of the automatic charging of the lift actuator 20 is operated so that the lifting operation of the actuator 20 returns to the original state.

[0083] 该自动停车亭500上还设置有电量计费器560,通过该电量计费器560可以计算充电时间并进行收费,也可以配备相关的IC卡设备,根据IC卡进行刷卡消费、同时还可以利用遥控器进行遥控动作。 [0083] The automated parking kiosk 500 is also provided on the power meter 560, and charged by the power meter 560 may calculate the charging time may be associated with an IC card device, the IC card consumer credit card, while It may also be a remote operation using a remote controller.

[0084] 在具体实施的时候该自动停车亭500上不同位置处可以设置多个该电动汽车自动电力供给系统以满足不同规格不同充电位置电动汽车充电的需要。 [0084] In the concrete embodiment of the automatic stop at the kiosk 500 may be provided on a plurality of different positions of the automatic electric vehicle power supply system to meet different specifications of different charging position for charging an electric vehicle requires.

[0085] 在具体实施的时候该自动停车亭500还可以包括固定架571以及举升式停车盘572。 [0085] In the concrete embodiment of the automatic parking kiosk 500 may further include a fixing frame 571 and the lift type parking disc 572.

[0086] 该充电停车位位于该举升式停车盘572上。 [0086] The charging parking space in a parking disc on the lift of Formula 572.

[0087] 该自动充电控制器550控制该举升式停车盘572的举升以及下落动作。 [0087] The charging controller 550 controls the automatic parking disk 572 lift lifting and dropping operation.

[0088] 当该电动汽车A停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该自动充电控制器550控制该举升式停车盘572举升并对该电动汽车A进行充电,此刻,该举升式停车盘572下方的空间可以容纳人员自由通行达到合理利用道路上方空间的作用。 [0088] When the electric vehicle charging A rests on the parking time, the charging controller 550 controls the automatic parking lift plate 572 and lift charge the electric vehicle A, at the moment, the parking lift below disk space that can accommodate 572 persons free passage to the role of rational use of road space above it.

[0089]方式二 : [0089] Second way:

如图5、7、8所示,该电动汽车自动电力供给系统设置在该电动汽车A上。 As shown in FIG. 5,7,8, the automatic electric vehicle power supply system provided on the electric vehicle A.

[0090] 在机动车行驶道路地面以下埋设道路电缆610,该道路电缆610与道路导电轨道620相连接,该道路导电轨道620暴露在道路地面以上。 [0090] In the vehicle traveling road is buried below ground cable path 610, the path 610 and the cable 620 is connected to the conductive track road, the road exposed conductive track 620 above the road surface.

[0091] 该道路电缆610与供电箱相连接,该供电箱在道路上每隔一定的距离就设置一个,该供电箱将普通市电转换成电动车所规定的电压通过该道路电缆610连接到地面的该道路导电轨道620上。 [0091] The road 610 and the cable box is connected to the power supply, the power supply box is set a certain distance intervals on the road, the power supply box converts ordinary mains voltage into the electric vehicle through the predetermined path 610 is connected to cable the road surface of the conductive tracks 620.

[0092] 该道路电缆610、该道路导电轨道620以及该供电箱组成该外部电力供给部分B。 [0092] The cable 610 road, the road 620 and the power supply conductive tracks constituting the external electrical power supply box portion B.

[0093] 该电动汽车A中设置有车载供电电池,该电力输入端200连接在该车载供电电池上。 [0093] The electric vehicle A is provided with a battery-powered vehicle, the power input 200 is connected to the vehicle battery supply.

[0094] 该导线C 一端与该车载供电电池相连接,该导线C的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮30相连接。 [0094] One end of the conductor C is connected to the vehicle supply battery, the other end of the cord C is in contact with the self-balancing pulley 30 is connected to charging.

[0095] 该导线C穿过该触滑轮支臂40后与该自平衡充电接触滑轮30相连接。 [0095] The pulley cord C through the contact arm 40 contacts the sheave 30 from the balance charging is connected.

[0096] 该提升动作执行机构20固定连接在该电动汽车A上。 [0096] The lifting operation of the actuator 20 is fixedly connected to the electric vehicle A. [0097] 该电动汽车A上设置有自动供电控制器640,该自动供电控制器640与该提升动作执行机构20连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构20的工作状态。 [0097] The electric car A is provided on the automatic power controller 640, the controller 640 automatically supply 20 is connected to the lifting operation of the actuator, and controlling the lifting operation state of the operation of the actuator 20.

[0098] 该自动供电控制器640包括感应器,当该电动汽车A行驶到设置有该外部电力供给部分B路面上的时候,该感应器探测到设置有该外部电力供给部分B的路况信息并反馈给该自动供电控制器640,而后该自动供电控制器640控制该提升动作执行机构20动作使该自平衡充电接触滑轮30与该道路导电轨道620相接触该电动汽车A进入到充电状态。 [0098] The automatic power controller 640 comprises a sensor, when the electric vehicle is provided to A with the external power supply portion B when the road surface, which is provided with a sensor to detect the road condition information to the external power supply portion B and feedback to the automatic power controller 640, then controller 640 controls the power supply of the automatic operation of the lift actuator 20 is operated so that the equilibrium charging contact from contact with the sheave 30 conductive rail road electric vehicle 620 A enters the charging state.

[0099] 当该电动汽车A的电量达到预定值的时候,该感应器将充电完成的信息反馈给该自动供电控制器640,该自动供电控制器640控制该提升动作执行机构20动作使该提升动作执行机构20回复到初始状态。 [0099] When the electric vehicle battery A reaches a predetermined value, the sensor will complete the charging information back to the automatic power controller 640, the automatic power controller 640 controls the operation of the lifting actuator 20 is operated so that the lift operation of the actuator 20 returns to the original state.

[0100] 或者当该电动汽车A驶离设置有该外部电力供给部分B的路面的时候,该感应器驶离信息反馈给该自动供电控制器640,该自动供电控制器640控制该提升动作执行机构20动作使该提升动作执行机构20回复到初始状态。 [0100] or when the electric vehicle A left the road surface is provided with the external power supply portion B, which depart sensor feedback to the automatic power controller 640, the automatic power controller 640 controls the lift operation performed the lift mechanism 20 is operated so that the operation of the actuator 20 returns to the original state.

[0101] 通过上述的技术方案可以使电动汽车在行使的过程中就完成充电的动作,大大扩展了传统的充电方式,能够节约驾驶人员大量的时间。 [0101] can be made by the above aspect of electric vehicles in the exercise of the charging operation is completed, greatly expanding the conventional charging mode, the driver can save a lot of time.

[0102] 方式三: [0102] Three ways:

如图5、7、8所示,该电动汽车自动电力供给系统设置在该电动汽车A上。 As shown in FIG. 5,7,8, the automatic electric vehicle power supply system provided on the electric vehicle A.

[0103] 在机动车行驶道路地面以下埋设道路电缆610,该道路电缆610与道路导电轨道620相连接,该道路导电轨道620暴露在道路地面以上。 [0103] In the vehicle traveling road is buried below ground cable path 610, the path 610 and the cable 620 is connected to the conductive track road, the road exposed conductive track 620 above the road surface.

[0104] 该道路电缆610与供电箱相连接,该供电箱在道路上每隔一定的距离就设置一个,该供电箱将普通市电转换成电动车所规定的电压通过该道路电缆610连接到地面的该道路导电轨道620上。 [0104] The road 610 and the cable box is connected to the power supply, the power supply box is set a certain distance intervals on the road, the power supply box converts ordinary mains voltage into the electric vehicle through the predetermined path 610 is connected to cable the road surface of the conductive tracks 620.

[0105] 该道路电缆610、该道路导电轨道620以及该供电箱组成该外部电力供给部分B。 [0105] The cable 610 road, the road 620 and the power supply conductive tracks constituting the external electrical power supply box portion B.

[0106] 该电动汽车A中设置有电力驱动系统以及燃料驱动系统,该电力输入端200连接在该电力驱动系统上,该电力驱动系统中不包含传统电动车的车载电池。 [0106] The electric vehicle A is provided with an electric drive system and a drive system of the fuel, the power input 200 is connected to the electric drive system, the electric drive system, the electric vehicle does not contain a conventional vehicle battery.

[0107] 该导线C 一端与该电力驱动系统相连接,该导线C的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮30相连接。 [0107] One end of the conductor C is connected to the electric drive system, the other end of the wire C into contact with the pulley 30 is connected to self-balance charging.

[0108] 该导线C穿过该触滑轮支臂40后与该自平衡充电接触滑轮30相连接。 [0108] The pulley cord C through the contact arm 40 contacts the sheave 30 from the balance charging is connected.

[0109] 该提升动作执行机构20固定连接在该电动汽车A上。 [0109] The lifting operation of the actuator 20 is fixedly connected to the electric vehicle A.

[0110] 该电动汽车A上设置有自动供电控制器640,该自动供电控制器640与该提升动作执行机构20连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构20的工作状态。 [0110] The electric car A is provided on the automatic power controller 640, the controller 640 automatically supply 20 is connected to the lifting operation of the actuator, and controlling the lifting operation state of the operation of the actuator 20.

[0111] 该自动供电控制器640包括感应器,当该电动汽车A行驶到设置有该外部电力供给部分B路面上的时候,该感应器探测到设置有该外部电力供给部分B的路况信息并反馈给该自动供电控制器640,而后该自动供电控制器640控制该提升动作执行机构20动作使该自平衡充电接触滑轮30与该道路导电轨道620相接触该电动汽车A中的该电力驱动系统工作提供该电动汽车A的行驶动力。 [0111] The automatic power controller 640 comprises a sensor, when the electric vehicle is provided to A with the external power supply portion B when the road surface, which is provided with a sensor to detect the road condition information to the external power supply portion B and feedback to the automatic power controller 640, then controller 640 controls the power supply of the automatic operation of the lift actuator 20 is operated so that the equilibrium charging contact from contacting the pulley 30 of the electric drive system in an electric vehicle with the road a conductive track 620 the work provides electric power driving the car a.

[0112] 当该电动汽车A驶离设置有该外部电力供给部分B的路面的时候,该感应器驶离信息反馈给该自动供电控制器640,该自动供电控制器640控制该提升动作执行机构20动作使该提升动作执行机构20回复到初始状态。 [0112] When the electric vehicle A left the road surface is provided with the external power supply portion B, the operation of the sensing device to leave the actuator feedback to the automatic power controller 640, the automatic power controller 640 controls the lift 20 the operation of the lifting action actuator 20 returns to the original state.

[0113] 该电动汽车A自动由该电力驱动系统驱动状态切换到由该燃料驱动系统驱动的状态,从而使该电动汽车A能够继续行使。 [0113] The electric vehicle A by the automatic switching of the drive state of the electric drive system driven by the driving system of the state of the fuel, so that the electric vehicle A can continue to exercise.

[0114] 在具体实施上述技术方案的时候可以在特定的路面上设置该外部电力供给部分B,从而达到当该电动汽车A行驶在该路段的时候由电力驱动从而达到节约燃料提升环保效果的作用。 [0114] may be provided to the external power supply portion B on a particular road at the time of the specific embodiment of the technical solution to achieve when the electric vehicle A traveling on the road when driven by electric power so as to achieve fuel savings enhance the environmental effect acting .

[0115] 在设置有该外部电力供给部分B的路段上还可以设置有电量计费器560,通过该电量计费器560可以计算充电时间并进行收费,也可以配备相关的IC卡设备,根据IC卡进行刷卡消费、同时还可以利用遥控器进行遥控动作。 [0115] In the outer sections of the power supply portion B can also be provided with a power meter 560 is provided, and the amount charged by the charging unit 560 may calculate the charging time may be associated with an IC card device, according to IC card consumer credit card, but also you can use a remote controller for remote operation.

[0116] 在具体实施本发明的技术在各大中城市以投放出租电动汽车的时候还会涉及到布局、车位、充电、收费、防盗、GPS、通信网络、监控、手机网络查询、后台服务器、事故处理、保险、取证、维修、洗车等诸多问题,但是可以采用相关的现有技术与本发明的技术方案配套使用达到事半功倍的效果。 [0116] In particular embodiments of the present technology in major cities at the time put hire of electric vehicles will be involved in the layout, parking spaces, charge, charge, security, GPS, communication network, monitoring, query the mobile phone network, back-end server, accident insurance, certification, repair, car wash and many other issues, but the relevant prior art and technology supporting the use of the present invention can be used to achieve a multiplier effect.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在干:包括自动接触端、电カ输入端以及接触端自动接触本体,该自动接触端连接在该接触端自动接触本体的端部,该电カ输入端与外部电カ供给部分相连接,该自动接触端与该电カ输入端之间通过导线相连接, 该自动接触端、该电カ输入端以及该导线连接组成电动汽车电カ自动供给电路,电动汽车位于该电动汽车电カ自动供给电路的一端,而外部电カ供给部分位于该电动汽车电カ自动供给电路的另外一端,通过该电动汽车电カ自动供给电路将电动汽车与外部电カ供给部分电连接在一起,外部电カ供给部分中的电能通过该电动汽车电カ自动供给电路传输至电动汽车中, 该接触端自动接触本体能够发生物理形变以改变该自动接触端的空间位置,以使电动汽车与外部电カ供给部分在电连接与断开两种状态之 An automatic electric vehicle power supply system ka, characterized in that the dry: including automatic contact end, and an electrical contact end ka input terminal automatic contact body, which is automatically connected to the contact end of the terminal contact end in contact with the body automatically, which an input terminal electrically ka ka external electrical supply portion is connected to a terminal automatically contacts electrically connected between the input terminal and via a wire grades, the automatic contact terminal, the input terminal and the electric wire grades connected to form electric Vehicle automatic ka supply circuit, an electric vehicle located in EV ka automatic feeding end of the circuit, and the external electrical ka supply portion located in EV ka other end of the auto supply circuit, ka automatic supply circuit to the electric vehicle and outside the vehicle electrically by the electric electrical grades feeding portion electrically connected together, an external electrical ka feeding section power ka automatic supply circuit is transmitted to the electric vehicle through which an electric vehicle is electrically, the contact end automatic contact body physical deformations can occur to change the spatial position of the automatic contact end , so that the electric vehicle and external power supply portion ka two states of connection and disconnection of the electric 变换,该接触端自动接触本体能够通过其自身配备的动力系统以及通过外力作用的形式改变其自身的物理状态,通过该接触端自动接触本体的动作实现电动汽车相对于该电动汽车电カ自动供给电路的自动接入或者自动断开状态。 Converting, contacting the contact end of the body can be automatically changed by the power system itself in the form of an external force, and is equipped with its own physical state, with respect to achieving an electric vehicle by the operation of the automatic contact of the body contact end of the electric vehicle power supply automatically ka automatic access to the circuit or auto-off state.
  2. 2.如权利要求I所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:在该接触端自动接触本体中以设置机械弹簧的方式,使该接触端自动接触本体在有外力作用的时候能够发生物理形变,通过为该接触端自动接触本体配置提升动作执行机构的方式实现该接触端自动接触本体自动的改变其物理形态,该接触端自动接触本体包括提升动作执行机构,该提升动作执行机构能够驱动该接触端自动接触本体整体运动。 2. I claim ー ka species electric vehicle automatic electrical supply system, comprising: contacting the contact end of the body to automatically set the mechanical spring in a manner, so that the contact end of the body in an automatic contact of an external force when physical deformations can occur by the contact end for contacting the body to automatically configure the operation of the actuator lift mode automatically changes its physical form automatic contact the contact end of the body, the body comprising a contact end lifting operation of an automatic contact actuator, the lifting action actuator capable of driving contact with the contact end global motion of the body automatically.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:该接触端自动接触本体中连接有机械弹簧,该机械弹簧包括旋转扭カ弹簧以及摆动弹簧,当该接触端自动接触本体受到外力作用的时候,通过该旋转扭カ弹簧能够使该自动接触端在一平面方向上改变其自身的空间位置,通过该摆动弹簧能够使该自动接触端在其额定的摆动角度内改变其自身的空间位置。 When the contact end of the contact body with a mechanical automatic contact spring is connected to a mechanical spring comprises a spring and a swing rotation torsion spring grades,: as claimed ー species electric vehicle according to claim 2 ka automatic electrical supply system, wherein end of the body when the external force of an automatic contact, via the rotary grades torsion spring enables the contact end automatically changing its own spatial position in a plane direction, the wobble spring which enables the automatic contact end of its rated pivot angle change within its own spatial location.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:该接触端自动接触本体还包括自平衡充电接触滑轮、触滑轮支臂以及支臂固定架,其中,该自平衡充电接触滑轮为该自动接触端,该自平衡充电接触滑轮连接在该触滑轮支臂端部,该触滑轮支臂与该支臂固定架相连接,该旋转扭カ弹簧以及该摆动弹簧连接在该支臂固定架与该提升动作执行机构之间。 4. ー species electric vehicle automatic electrical supply system of the grades of claim 3, wherein: the contact end contacting the body automatically self-balancing charging contact further comprises a pulley, the pulley arm and the contact arm holder, wherein the automatic self-balancing contact end for contacting the charge roller, from the balance of the charging contact is connected to a pulley sheave contact arm end portion, the contact pulley arm connected to the bracket arm, the rotation torsion spring and pivot spring ka connected between the arm and the holder lifting operation of the actuator.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:该电动汽车自动电カ供给系统设置在自动停车亭上,该自动停车亭上设置有充电器配电桩,该充电器配电桩为该外部电カ供给部分,该电カ输入端连接在该充电器配电桩上,该导线一端与该充电器配电桩相连接,该导线的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该电动汽车上设置有导电导轨, 该自动停车亭具有充电停车位,该电动汽车上设置有车辆类型传感器,当该电动汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该车辆类型传感器发送确认信息给该自动停车亭,此刻,该电动汽车自动电カ供给系统动作由该提升动作执行机构驱动该自平衡充电接触滑轮动作,使该自平衡充电接触滑轮接触该电动汽车的该导电导轨,从而将该电动汽车接入该电动汽车电カ自动供给电路中对该电动汽车进行 5. ー species electric vehicle automatic electrical ka supply system according to claim 4, wherein: the electric vehicle automatic electrical supply system disposed on grades automatic parking booth, the charger is provided with a distribution of the automatic parking pile kiosk the charger for the external electrical power distribution pile ka supply portion, the electrical input ka charger is connected to the power distribution pile, the pile ends of the wires connected with the power distribution charger, with the other end of the wire self-balancing charging contact pulley is connected, is provided on the electric vehicle with an electrically conductive rail, the automatic parking kiosk has a charging parking spaces, is provided with a vehicle type sensors on the electric vehicle when the electric vehicle parked in the charging parking time, the vehicle type sensor sends an acknowledgment message to the automatic parking booth, at the moment, the electric vehicle automatic electrical ka supply system operation is driven by the lifting action of the actuator of the self-balancing charging contact pulley operation, so that the self-balancing charging contact pulley contacting the electric vehicle the conducting rails, so that the access to the electric vehicle in EV ka automatic supply circuit for the electric car in 自动充电, 通过该车辆类型传感器的设置能够将电动汽车与普通非充电汽车区别开来,当非充电汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该电动汽车自动电カ供给系统不工作, 该自动停车亭上还设置有自动充电控制器,该自动充电控制器与该提升动作执行机构连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构的工作状态, 该自动充电控制器包括车辆感应器,当该电动汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,首先由该车辆感应器探测到车辆停靠信息并反馈给该自动充电控制器,而后该自动充电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该电动汽车进入到充电状态, 当该电动汽车的电量达到预定值的时候,该车辆感应器将充电完成的信息反馈给该自动充电控制器,该自动充电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态。 Automatic charging, by providing the vehicle type sensor can be an electric vehicle with a non-charging car difference between ordinary apart, when the non-charging car parked in the charging parking space when the electric vehicle automatic electrical ka supply system is not working, the automatic is also provided in the parking booth automatic charge controller, the automatic charging controller connected to the lift actuator operation, and controls the operational state of the lifting action of the actuator, the automatic charging controller includes a vehicle sensor, when the electric vehicle stops when the charge on parking, the vehicle is first detected by the sensor and fed back to the parked vehicle information to automatically charge the controller, then the charging controller automatically controls the lifting mechanism is operated so that the action execution proceeds to the electric vehicle charging state , when the power of the electric vehicle reaches a predetermined value, the charging of the vehicle sensor feedback information to complete the automatic charging controller, which automatically controls the lifting operation of the charge control operation of the actuator such that the actuator returns to the operation of lift initial state.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:该自动停车亭还可以包括固定架以及举升式停车盘,该充电停车位位于该举升式停车盘上,该自动充电控制器控制该举升式停车盘的举升以及下落动作,当该电动汽车停靠在该充电停车位上的时候,该自动充电控制器控制该举升式停车盘举升并对该电动汽车进行充电。 6. ー species electric vehicle according to claim 5 grades automatic electrical supply system, wherein: the automatic stop and the kiosk may also include a lifting-type parking disc holder, which is located in the parking charge parking disc lifting formula , the charge controller controls the automatic lifting of the lifting and parking disc-down operation, when the electric vehicle parked in the parking space when charging, the charging controller automatically controls the lift and lift-type parking disc to charge the electric vehicles.
  7. 7.如权利要求4所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:该电动汽车自动电カ供给系统设置在该电动汽车上,在机动车行驶道路地面以下埋设道路电缆,该道路电缆与道路导电轨道相连接,该道路导电轨道暴露在道路地面以上,该道路电缆与供电箱相连接,该道路电缆、该道路导电轨道以及该供电箱组成该外部电カ供给部分,该电动汽车中设置有车载供电电池,该电カ输入端连接在该车载供电电池上,该导线一端与该车载供电电池相连接,该导线的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该提升动作执行机构固定连接在该电动汽车上, 该电动汽车上设置有自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器与该提升动作执行机构连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构的工作状态,该自动供电控制器包括感应器,当该电动汽车行驶到设置有该外部电カ供给 7. ー species electric vehicle automatic electrical ka supply system according to claim 4, wherein: the electric vehicle automatic electrical ka supply system provided on the electric vehicle, the cable is embedded in the vehicle traveling road road below ground, the road cable road conductive track is connected to a road conductive track exposed above the road surface, the road cable distribution box is connected to a road cable, the road conductive tracks, and the supply tank constituting the external electrical ka supply section, the electric automobile provided with a vehicle power supply battery, the electrical ka input terminal is connected to the vehicle power supply battery, the ends of the wires connected to the vehicle supply battery, the lead of the other end of the charging contacts the pulley connected to the self-balancing, the lifting action the actuator is fixedly connected to the electric vehicle provided with an automatic power control on the electric vehicle, the automatic power controller is connected to the lifting operation of the actuator, and controlling the lifting operation of the operating state of the actuator, the automatic power controller It includes an inductor, when the electric car is provided to the external electrical supply ka 部分路面上的时候,该感应器探测到设置有该外部电カ供给部分的路况信息并反馈给该自动供电控制器,而后该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该自平衡充电接触滑轮与该道路导电轨道相接触该电动汽车进入到充电状态, 当该电动汽车的电量达到预定值的时候,该感应器将充电完成的信息反馈给该自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态。 When the upper part of the road, which is provided with a sensor to detect the external power supply section of the traffic information ka and fed back to the automatic power controller, which then automatically controls the supply operation of the lift actuator such that the self-balancing action charging contact road wheel in contact with the conductive tracks of the electric car enters the charging state, when the power of the electric vehicle reaches a predetermined value, the sensor will complete the charging feedback information to the automatic power control, the automatic power controller the lifting mechanism is operated so that the operation performs the operation of lifting the actuator returns to the original state.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:当该电动汽车驶离设置有该外部电カ供给部分的路面的时候,该感应器驶离信息反馈给该自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态。 8. ー species electric vehicle automatic electrical supply system of the grades of claim 7, wherein: when the electric vehicle is provided with a departure of the external electrical supply portion of the road grades, when the sensor information back to the departure the automatic power control, the power controller controls the automatic operation of the lifting actuator operation so that the lifting action of the actuator returns to the original state.
  9. 9.如权利要求4所述的ー种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在于:该电动汽车自动电カ供给系统设置在该电动汽车上,在机动车行驶道路地面以下埋设道路电缆,该道路电缆与道路导电轨道相连接,该道路导电轨道暴露在道路地面以上,该道路电缆与供电箱相连接,该道路电缆、该道路导电轨道以及该供电箱组成该外部电カ供给部分, 该电动汽车中设置有电カ驱动系统以及燃料驱动系统,该电カ输入端连接在该电カ驱动系统上,该导线一端与该电カ驱动系统相连接,该导线的另外一端与该自平衡充电接触滑轮相连接,该提升动作执行机构固定连接在该电动汽车上,该电动汽车上设置有自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器与该提升动作执行机构连接,并控制该提升动作执行机构的工作状态,该自动供电控制器包括感应器,当该电动汽车行驶到设置 9. The electric vehicle automatic electrical ー species ka supply system according to claim 4, wherein: the electric vehicle automatic electrical ka supply system provided on the electric vehicle, the cable is embedded in the vehicle traveling road road below ground, the road cable road conductive track is connected to a road conductive track exposed above the road surface, the road cable distribution box is connected to a road cable, the road conductive tracks, and the supply tank constituting the external electrical ka supply section, the electric automobile provided with an electrically ka drive system and a fuel-driven system, the electrical ka input terminal is connected to the power ka drive system, the lead end ka drive system connected to the electricity of the wire the other end in contact with the self-balancing charge a pulley connected to the lift actuator is fixedly connected to the operation of the electric vehicle provided with an automatic power control on the electric vehicle, the automatic power controller is connected to the lifting operation of the actuator, and controlling the lifting operation of the working actuator state, the power supply controller comprises an automatic sensor, when the electric car is provided to 有该外部电カ供给部分路面上的时候,该感应器探测到设置有该外部电カ供给部分的路况信息并反馈给该自动供电控制器,而后该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该自平衡充电接触滑轮与该道路导电轨道相接触该电动汽车中的该电カ驱动系统工作提供该电动汽车的行驶动力, 当该电动汽车驶离设置有该外部电カ供给部分的路面的时候,该感应器驶离信息反馈给该自动供电控制器,该自动供电控制器控制该提升动作执行机构动作使该提升动作执行机构回复到初始状态,该电动汽车自动由该电カ驱动系统驱动状态切换到由该燃料驱动系统驱动的状态,从而使该电动汽车能够继续行使。 The grades have external electrical supply on the part of the road when the sensor is provided to detect the external power supply section of the traffic information ka and fed back to the automatic power controller, which then automatically performs the power supply control means controls the operation of the lifting operation the self-balancing charging contact electrically contacting the pulley with the electric vehicle and the road work conductive track drive system grades the electric vehicle provided with the power, when the electric car ran off the road surface is provided with the external electrical supply ka when the sensor information back to the departure of the automatic power control, the power controller controls the automatic operation of the lifting actuator operation so that the lifting action of the actuator return to the initial state, the electric vehicle is automatically driven by the electric drive system ka state to be driven by the driving system of the state of the fuel, so that the electric vehicle can continue to exercise.
  10. 10.如权利要求7、8、9中任意一项所述的一种电动汽车自动电カ供给系统,其特征在干:在设置有该外部电カ供给部分的路段上还设置有电量计费器,通过该电量计费器计算充电时间并进行收费。 10. The 7,8,9 any of an electric vehicle supply system of an automatic electrical ka claim, characterized in that the dry: there is provided on the outer link power ka supply portion is also provided with battery charging is calculated by the charging time of the charge and power meter.
CN 201210190141 2012-06-11 2012-06-11 Automatic electric power supply system of electric vehicle CN102673530A (en)

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