CN102672386A - Automatic positioning device for X frame - Google Patents

Automatic positioning device for X frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102672386A
CN102672386A CN2012100951830A CN201210095183A CN102672386A CN 102672386 A CN102672386 A CN 102672386A CN 2012100951830 A CN2012100951830 A CN 2012100951830A CN 201210095183 A CN201210095183 A CN 201210095183A CN 102672386 A CN102672386 A CN 102672386A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
fixed
automatic positioning
positioning equipment
gripper shoe
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2012100951830A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102672386B (en
Inventor
张锋
王召祥
彭学星
刘友伟
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Kunshan Huaheng Welding Co Ltd
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Kunshan Huaheng Welding Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210095183.0A priority Critical patent/CN102672386B/en
Publication of CN102672386A publication Critical patent/CN102672386A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102672386B publication Critical patent/CN102672386B/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention provides an automatic positioning device for an X frame, which comprises a base, a support plate positioned on the top of the base and a positioning mechanism which is fixed to the support plate, wherein the positioning mechanism comprises a pair of deflector rods which are positioned on the support plate in a rotational mode and a driving mechanism for driving the deflector rods to move to push the X frame to move to a preset position; the driving mechanism comprises an oil cylinder or a cylinder which is fixed to the support plate and a transmission mechanism connected between the oil cylinder or the cylinder and the deflector rods. The automatic positioning device for the X frame is simple in structure and accurate in positioning.

Description

X frame automatic positioning equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to excavator manufacturing technology field, relate in particular to a kind of on excavator the X frame automatic positioning equipment in the X frame welding process.
Background technology
In existing excavator track frame welding production line, the X frame is the main part of track frame.This X frame comprises X type main body and stretches out the annular brace seat of X frame body.This X frame body is to be welded to each other by four side plates around X type upper plate, X type lower plate and connection upper plate and the lower plate to form.Said annular brace seat is welded on X type upper plate midway.Be respectively arranged with and the corresponding circular hole of said annular brace seat in the middle of said X type upper plate and the lower plate.Said X frame body is provided with 4 alar parts of outside projection, and these 4 alar parts are oppositely arranged in pairs.Existing excavator manufacturer assembles welding through following flow process to this X frame: at first, the each several part element of X frame is located spot welding through the manual work group; Secondly, artificial use hoisting machine will be organized good X frame will be lifted to the robot welding positioner; Then, pass through artificial clamping again, robot begins welding; At last, artificial use driving hangs the X frame that welds to next process from the robot positioner.But; In the assembling welding process of above-mentioned X frame: wherein will organize good X frame before lifting is seated on the robot welding positioner; Must the X frame be carried out the adjustment of placement direction earlier; So just make things convenient for hoisting machine to carry out the X frame and be seated to position or the adjustment of direction on the positioner, and then guarantee that robot welds accurately.Yet in above-mentioned existing X frame hoisting process, manual work can't reach the accurate location to X frame placement direction, is unfavorable for the accurate welding of robot thus.
Therefore, be necessary to provide a kind of improved X frame automatic positioning equipment to address the above problem.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of X frame automatic positioning equipment of simple in structure and accurate positioning.
For realizing the foregoing invention purpose; The invention provides a kind of X frame automatic positioning equipment; Comprise base and be positioned at the gripper shoe of base top; Said X frame automatic positioning equipment also comprises the detent mechanism that is fixed on the gripper shoe; Said detent mechanism is positioned at a pair of driving lever on the gripper shoe with comprising rotatory and drives this driving lever is moved promoting the driving mechanism that the X frame moves to the precalculated position, and said driving mechanism comprises oil cylinder or the cylinder that is fixed on the gripper shoe and is connected oil cylinder or cylinder and this is to the transmission mechanism between the driving lever.
As further improvement of the present invention, said transmission mechanism comprise the slide carriage guide rail that is fixed on the gripper shoe and be fixed on oil cylinder or cylinder and said driving lever between and the slide carriage that moves along the slide carriage guide rail.
As further improvement of the present invention, said slide carriage is provided with along inclined direction a pair of elongated slot that extends in opposite directions, and said driving lever is provided with to match with said elongated slot and merges the sliding axle that can in elongated slot, slide.
As further improvement of the present invention, said slide carriage comprises mainboard and is fixed on the mainboard slide block that slides to cooperate with said slide carriage guide rail that said elongated slot is arranged on the mainboard.
As further improvement of the present invention, said driving mechanism also comprises oil cylinder or cylinder one end is fixed on first positioning seat on the gripper shoe and the oil cylinder or the cylinder other end be fixed on second positioning seat on the transmission mechanism.
As further improvement of the present invention, said driving lever is provided with the alar part inboard of the outside projection that supports the X frame the X frame is dialed to the positioning pin rod of predetermined direction.
As further improvement of the present invention, said X frame automatic positioning equipment also comprises and is fixed on the centering machine so that the X frame is felt relieved on the gripper shoe.
As further improvement of the present invention, said centering machine comprise the holder that is fixed on the gripper shoe, positioning of rotating the centering body on the holder and be fixed on holder and centering body between spring.
As further improvement of the present invention, said centering body is the setting of L type, and comprises interconnective vertical arm and transverse arm and be separately fixed at the runner on vertical arm and the transverse arm.
As further improvement of the present invention, said holder is provided with transverse axis and to the fixed bar that extends below with fixing spring one end, and said centering body is provided with the hook that cooperates the through hole that rotates and the ammunition feed spring other end to hang with transverse axis in the vertical junction of arm and transverse arm.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: X frame automatic positioning equipment of the present invention drives a pair of driving lever rotation through oil cylinder or cylinder and transmission mechanism; Move to predetermined placement location so that driving lever supports the alar part of the outside projection of X frame and promotes the X frame along the moving direction of driving lever, thereby the X frame is carried out accurate localization; And X frame automatic positioning equipment of the present invention is simple in structure, and convenient manufacturing and cost are lower.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of X frame automatic positioning equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the view of another angle of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the part exploded view of X frame automatic positioning equipment among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the user mode figure that X frame automatic positioning equipment carries out X frame location among Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the view of another angle of Fig. 4.
The specific embodiment
Below will combine each embodiment shown in the drawings to describe the present invention.But these embodiments do not limit the present invention, and the conversion on the structure that those of ordinary skill in the art makes according to these embodiments, method or the function all is included in protection scope of the present invention.
Please referring to figs. 1 through shown in Figure 5 for a preferred embodiments of X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 of the present invention.X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 of the present invention can be mounted on an X frame 900 transport trolleys (not shown), adjusts with the initial placement position to X frame 900.The in-place detection switch 17 that said X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 comprises base 13, is positioned at the gripper shoe 14 at base 13 tops, is fixed on detent mechanism 15 and the centering machine 16 on the gripper shoe 14 and carries out X frame 900 position probing.
Said base 13 is the hollow type design, and comprises the rebound 131 that is placed on the transport trolley and be fixed on hydraulic rotary joint 132 and the joint counter flange 133 on the rebound 131.The hydraulic mechanism (not shown) that is provided with on said joint counter flange 133 and the transport trolley matches X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 of the present invention is promoted or rotate.
Said gripper shoe 14 is the design of rectangle body.Said gripper shoe 14 is provided with to be fixed on the first 141 directly over the base 13 and to stretch out base 13 1 sides and is the second portion 142 that hanging shape is provided with.Four locating slots 144 that said first 141 is provided with a circular hole 143 at centre position and up/down perforation, along the circumferential direction evenly be provided with in circular hole 143 outsides and near a locating hole 145 between a pair of locating slot 144 of second portion 142.Said second portion 142 is provided with at two fixing holes that run through up and down 146 of both sides and the rectangular opening 147 that between these two fixing holes 146 and along gripper shoe 14 length directions, is provided with.Said in-place detection switch 17 is fixed on the gripper shoe 14 position near rectangular opening 147.
Said detent mechanism 15 is positioned at a pair of driving lever 151 on the gripper shoe 14 with comprising rotatory and drives this driving lever 151 is moved to promote the driving mechanism 152 that X frame 900 moves to the precalculated position.Said driving mechanism 152 comprises the oil cylinder 153 that is fixed on the gripper shoe 14, be connected oil cylinder 153 and this to the transmission mechanism between the driving lever 151 (not label), oil cylinder 153 1 ends are fixed on first positioning seat 154 on the gripper shoe 14 and oil cylinder 153 other ends are fixed on second positioning seat 155 on the transmission mechanism.Oil cylinder described in the present invention 153 also can be replaced by cylinder (not shown).Said transmission mechanism comprise the slide carriage guide rail 156 that is fixed on the gripper shoe 14 and be fixed on oil cylinder 153 and said driving lever 151 between and the slide carriage 157 that moves along slide carriage guide rail 156.Said slide carriage 157 comprises mainboard 1571 and is fixed on the mainboard 1571 to cooperate the slide block 1572 that slides with said slide carriage guide rail 156.Said mainboard 1571 is provided with a pair of elongated slot 1573 that along inclined direction extends in opposite directions.Said driving lever 151 is the triangular form setting, and is fixedly formed by two triangular form sheet material mutual superposition.Said driving lever 151 be provided with along its thickness direction between two-layer said sheet material, the sliding axle 1511 in along continuous straight runs an is positioned at corner relative with its long limit.Said sliding axle 1511 is contained in the elongated slot 1573 on the said slide carriage 157, and is provided with to match with said elongated slot 1573 and merges the pulley 1512 that can in elongated slot 1573, slide.Said driving lever 151 also be provided be positioned at its long limit one end, so that driving lever 151 rotatory ground is fixed on the driving lever steady pin 1513 on the gripper shoe 14, and be positioned at the positioning pin rod 1514 of the long limit other end with alar part 902 inboards of the outside projection that supports X frame 900.Fixing hole 146 on the second portion 142 of said driving lever steady pin 1513 and gripper shoe 14 matches, so that driving lever 151 can be around these driving lever steady pin 1513 rotations.When initial position, the sliding axle 1511 of said driving lever 151 be positioned at two elongated slots 1573 each other near an end.
Said centering machine 16 comprise holder 161 in the first 141 that is fixed on gripper shoe 14, positioning of rotating the centering body on the holder 161 162 and be fixed on holder 151 and centering body 162 between spring 163.Said centering body 162 is the setting of L type, and comprises interconnective vertical arm 1621 and transverse arm 1622 and be separately fixed at vertical arm 1621 and the runner 1623 of transverse arm 1622 opposite sides.Said holder 161 comprises two side 1611, be connected in transverse axis 1612 between the two side 1611, connect the diapire 1613 of 1611 lower ends, two side, be held in the lid 1615 of 1611 upper ends, two side to fixed bar that extends below 1614 and button from diapire 1,613 one ends.Said spring 163 1 ends are fixed on the said fixed bar 1614.Said centering body 162 is provided with the hook 1625 that the through hole 1624 that cooperates rotation with transverse axis 1612 and ammunition feed spring 163 other ends hang in the vertical junction of arm 1621 and transverse arm 1622.Said centering body 162 is skewed under the stretching of spring 163 when initial position, vertically arm 1621 all upwards stretches out lid 1615 upper surfaces with transverse arm 1622.After X frame 900 was placed on the gripper shoe 14, transverse arm 1622 was pressed downward into holder 161 inboards, and vertically 1621 on arm supports in the inboard of the annular brace seat 901 of X frame 900, positions with the center with X frame 900.
Please combine Fig. 3 to shown in Figure 5, X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 of the present invention is at first felt relieved through 16 pairs of X framves 900 of centering machine in use; Start oil cylinder 153 then, slide carriage 157 is outwards promoted along slide carriage guide rail 156 through oil cylinder 153; At this moment, two said driving levers 151 around its driving lever steady pin 1513 rotate, the sliding axle 1511 of driving lever 151 along elongated slot 1573 inwalls towards each other away from direction move; Inboard and the positioning pin rod 1514 of another driving lever 151 that touches an alar part 902 of X frame 900 outside projections when the positioning pin rod 1514 of one of them driving lever 151 do not touch another relative alar part 902 when inboard; Continue to start oil cylinder 153, be rotated further to impel driving lever 151; At this moment; The positioning pin rod 1514 that touches the driving lever 151 of X frame 900 alar parts 902 inboards promotes the direction of rotation of this alar part 902 along driving lever 151; All support two relative alar part 902 inboards of X frame 900 up to the positioning pin rod 1514 of two driving levers 151; This moment, X frame automatic positioning equipment of the present invention 12 corrected to predetermined direction and position with X frame 900, and work is accomplished.When one of them positioning pin rod 1514 of above-mentioned driving lever 151 supports rotation with X frame 900; Rotatablely move on the vertical arm 1621 that annular brace seat 901 inboards of X frame 900 and below are resisted against centering machine 16 and the runner 1623 of transverse arm 1622; Offset X frame 900 through runner 1623 thus and correct the frictionally damage of rotary course to centering machine 16, the service life of improving X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 of the present invention.
Get by above; X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 of the present invention drives a pair of driving lever 151 rotations through oil cylinder 153 or cylinder and transmission mechanism; Move to predetermined placement location so that driving lever 151 supports the alar part 902 of X frame 900 outside projections and promotes X frame 900 along the moving direction of driving lever 151, thereby X frame 900 is carried out accurate localization; And X frame automatic positioning equipment 12 of the present invention is simple in structure, and convenient manufacturing and cost are lower.
Be to be understood that; Though this specification is described according to embodiment; But be not that each embodiment only comprises an independently technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification only is for clarity sake, and those skilled in the art should make specification as a whole; Technical scheme in each embodiment also can form other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that through appropriate combination.
The listed a series of detailed description of preceding text only is specifying to feasibility embodiment of the present invention; They are not in order to restriction protection scope of the present invention, allly do not break away from equivalent embodiment or the change that skill of the present invention spirit done and all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. X frame automatic positioning equipment; Comprise base and be positioned at the gripper shoe of base top; It is characterized in that; Said X frame automatic positioning equipment also comprises the detent mechanism that is fixed on the gripper shoe; Said detent mechanism is positioned at a pair of driving lever on the gripper shoe with comprising rotatory and drives this driving lever is moved promoting the driving mechanism that the X frame moves to the precalculated position, and said driving mechanism comprises oil cylinder or the cylinder that is fixed on the gripper shoe and is connected oil cylinder or cylinder and this is to the transmission mechanism between the driving lever.
2. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said transmission mechanism comprise the slide carriage guide rail that is fixed on the gripper shoe and be fixed on oil cylinder or cylinder and said driving lever between and the slide carriage that moves along the slide carriage guide rail.
3. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, said slide carriage is provided with along inclined direction a pair of elongated slot that extends in opposite directions, and said driving lever is provided with to match with said elongated slot and merges the sliding axle that can in elongated slot, slide.
4. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, said slide carriage comprises mainboard and be fixed on the mainboard slide block that slides to cooperate with said slide carriage guide rail that said elongated slot is arranged on the mainboard.
5. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that said driving mechanism also comprises oil cylinder or cylinder one end are fixed on first positioning seat on the gripper shoe and the oil cylinder or the cylinder other end be fixed on second positioning seat on the transmission mechanism.
6. like claim 1 or 3 any described X frame automatic positioning equipments, it is characterized in that said driving lever is provided with the alar part inboard of the outside projection that supports the X frame the X frame is dialed to the positioning pin rod of predetermined direction.
7. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said X frame automatic positioning equipment also comprises and is fixed on the centering machine so that the X frame is felt relieved on the gripper shoe.
8. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, said centering machine comprise the holder that is fixed on the gripper shoe, positioning of rotating the centering body on the holder and be fixed on holder and centering body between spring.
9. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that said centering body is the setting of L type, and comprises interconnective vertical arm and transverse arm and be separately fixed at the runner on vertical arm and the transverse arm.
10. X frame automatic positioning equipment as claimed in claim 9; It is characterized in that; Said holder is provided with transverse axis and to the fixed bar that extends below with fixing spring one end, and said centering body is provided with the hook that cooperates the through hole that rotates and the ammunition feed spring other end to hang with transverse axis in the vertical junction of arm and transverse arm.
CN201210095183.0A 2012-03-31 2012-03-31 Automatic positioning device for X frame Active CN102672386B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210095183.0A CN102672386B (en) 2012-03-31 2012-03-31 Automatic positioning device for X frame

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210095183.0A CN102672386B (en) 2012-03-31 2012-03-31 Automatic positioning device for X frame

Publications (2)

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CN102672386A true CN102672386A (en) 2012-09-19
CN102672386B CN102672386B (en) 2014-11-12

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05318182A (en) * 1992-05-22 1993-12-03 Daiwa House Ind Co Ltd Jig device for positioning tack welding
CN201579547U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-09-15 龙工(上海)机械制造有限公司 Mini-excavator unloading frame correcting device
CN201579566U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-09-15 龙工(上海)机械制造有限公司 Positioning mechanism for butt-welding X-frame of digging machine
CN201931236U (en) * 2011-03-10 2011-08-17 龙工(上海)挖掘机制造有限公司 Fixing device used for welding of crawler belt base of excavator
CN202479741U (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-10-10 昆山华恒焊接股份有限公司 X-frame automatic positioning device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05318182A (en) * 1992-05-22 1993-12-03 Daiwa House Ind Co Ltd Jig device for positioning tack welding
CN201579547U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-09-15 龙工(上海)机械制造有限公司 Mini-excavator unloading frame correcting device
CN201579566U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-09-15 龙工(上海)机械制造有限公司 Positioning mechanism for butt-welding X-frame of digging machine
CN201931236U (en) * 2011-03-10 2011-08-17 龙工(上海)挖掘机制造有限公司 Fixing device used for welding of crawler belt base of excavator
CN202479741U (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-10-10 昆山华恒焊接股份有限公司 X-frame automatic positioning device

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