CN102662797A - Virtualization-based software backup method - Google Patents

Virtualization-based software backup method Download PDF

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CN102662797A
CN102662797A CN 201210103972 CN201210103972A CN102662797A CN 102662797 A CN102662797 A CN 102662797A CN 201210103972 CN201210103972 CN 201210103972 CN 201210103972 A CN201210103972 A CN 201210103972A CN 102662797 A CN102662797 A CN 102662797A
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software
system
client
virtualization
registry
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CN 201210103972
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Chinese (zh)
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朱洪福
耿振民
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无锡华御信息技术有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a virtualization-based software backup method. The method includes: A1, in a client, read and write operations are directed to a virtual region to isolate software data from a system by virtual redirection; A2, a user simply controls open and close of the virtual region in the client and selectively activates and conceals software according to needs; A3, when the virtual region is open, the software contained in the virtual region is kept activated, files and registry keys of the software are projected (mapped) to relevant positions in the system and are equivalently installed in the system; A4, when the virtual region is closed, the software is concealed and the projection of all keys is canceled, namely the software is completely uninstalled. The backup method using virtualization is lighter than existing certain hardware virtualization technology and operating system virtualization technology, is more applicable to virtualization of desktops, application programs and the like, and allows for better desktops and software experiences for the field of PCs (personal computers).

Description

ー种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法ー kinds of software-based virtualization backup method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于计算机备份技术领域,尤其涉及ー种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the backup computer technology, and in particular relates to a backup method ー kinds of software-based virtualization. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着当今社会电脑的普及,生活娱乐、工作办公都是基于各种软件来完成的。 [0002] With the popularity of computers in today's society, live entertainment, office work are based on a variety of software to complete. 只可惜Windows系统随着软件数量和使用时间的増加,会变得越来越臃肿,注册表中的垃圾也越来越多,到了最后不是系统速度变得极慢,就是莫名其妙的错误频繁出现……这还不算最糟糕的,要是ー不小心试验某些来历不明的软件时中了病毒,感染了整个硬盘的文件,对于用户的损失就无法估量了。 Unfortunately, Windows system software along with the number and use to increase in time, will become more and more bloated, registry garbage more and more in the end than the system speed becomes slow, it is inexplicable error occurs frequently ... ... it's not the worst, when and if not careful ー test some software of unknown origin in the virus infected the entire hard drive files, the user can not estimate the loss.

[0003] 只有重新安装操作系统才能解决这个问题,然而重新安装完毕之后还有几十上百个软件需要安装,对于用户来说也是非常繁琐且无趣,重复工作非常多。 [0003] only to reinstall the operating system to solve this problem, but after re-installation as well as dozens of hundreds of software needs to be installed, the user is also very tedious and boring, very much duplication of effort.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明提供ー种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,采用虚拟化技术,与目前较为人熟知的硬件虚拟化(machine Virtualization,如VMware、Virtual PC等)、操作系统虚拟化(OS Virtualization,如Virtuozzo等)不同,该备份方法的应用虚拟化更轻量级,更适用于桌面和应用程序等的虚拟化,为PC领域带来更好的桌面和软件使用的体验。 [0004] The present invention provides ー kinds of software backup method virtualization based virtualization technology, currently more widely known hardware virtualization (machine Virtualization, such as VMware, Virtual PC, etc.), the operating system virtualization (OS Virtualization, such as Virtuozzo, etc.) different from the backup method of application virtualization and more lightweight, more suitable for desktop and application virtualization, etc., bring experience better desktop PC and software used for the field.

[0005] 为了实现上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0006] ー种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其中,所述方法包括如下步骤: [0006] Species ー virtualization software-based backup method, wherein said method comprises the steps of:

[0007] Al :在客户端中,使用虚拟化重定向技术将软件的读写操作指向到一块虚拟区域,将软件的数据与系统隔离开来; [0007] Al: in a client, redirection using virtualization software will read and write operations directed to a virtual area, to isolate the data and system software;

[0008] A2:用户在客户端中进行简单的控制这个虚拟区域的开合,根据自身的需要,有选择性地激活和隐藏软件; [0008] A2: simple user controls opening and closing of the virtual area in the client, according to their needs, and selectively activate the hidden software;

[0009] A3:当虚拟区域开启的时候,其包含的软件就处于激活状态,该软件的文件及注册表项目将被投影(映射)到系统相关位置,相当于被安装在了系统中; [0009] A3: virtual area when open, comprising software becomes active, the software files and registry entries to be projected (mapped) to the system-related position, corresponds to the system is installed;

[0010] A4:当虚拟区域被关闭之后,该软件就被隐藏,所有项目的投影将取消,相当于彻底卸载。 [0010] A4: When the virtual area is closed, the software is hidden, the projection of all projects will be canceled, equivalent to completely uninstall.

[0011] 所述软件被客户端虚拟化后,客户端将软件原本写到注册表系统的注册表项和写到文件系统的的文件分离出来,存储在软件的注册表缓存和文件缓存中,作为缓存数据进行保存。 [0011] After the software is client virtualization, the client software was originally written to the registry system registry entries and written to separate file system, stored in the registry file cache and cache software, as the cached data to be saved.

[0012] 所述缓存数据存储在客户端独有的缓存里。 [0012] unique to the client cache data storage cache.

[0013] 所述软件被客户端激活后,客户端会将软件的注册表缓存投影到真实系统的注册表中,并不占用该物理位置空间。 [0013] After the client software is activated, the client software will be projected onto the cache registry registry real system, the physical location of the space is not occupied.

[0014] 所述软件被客户端隐藏后,软件原来的注册表和文件的投影将被取消,其它系统进程无法识别。 [0014] After the software is hidden client, the original projection software and registry file will be canceled and does not recognize other system processes.

[0015] 所述方法适用于大型软件或安装新软件频繁的用户。 The [0015] method is suitable for large-scale software or frequent users to install new software. [0016] 本发明提供ー种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,通过使用虚拟化重定向技术将软件的读写操作指向到一块虚拟区域,从而将软件数据与系统隔离开来,用户可以非常简单的控制这个虚拟区域的开合,根据自己的需要,有选择性的激活和隐藏软件,当虚拟区域开启的时候,其包含的软件就处于激活状态,该软件的文件及注册表项目将被投影(映射)到系统相关位置,相当于被安装在了系统中;当虚拟区域被关闭之后,该软件就被隐藏,所有项目的投影将取消,相当于彻底卸载。 [0016] The present invention provides ー kinds of software-based virtual backup method, by using a virtualization technology redirection software read and write operations directed to a virtual area, so that the software systems to isolate data, the user can be very simple the virtual control opening and closing of areas, according to their needs, selective activation and hidden software, when virtual open area, which contains the software is activated, the software files and registry entries will be projected ( map) to system-related position, which is equivalent to be installed in the system; when the virtual area is closed, the software is hidden, the projection of all projects will be canceled, equivalent to completely uninstall. 该备份方法的应用虚拟化相比于现在的ー些硬件虚拟化技术及操作系统虚拟化技术更轻量级,更适用于桌面和应用程序等的虚拟化,为PC领域带来更好的桌面和软件使用的体验。 The backup application virtualization method compared to the current ー some hardware virtualization and OS virtualization technology is more lightweight, more suitable for desktop and application virtualization, etc., to bring better desktop PC field and software experience to use.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图I为本发明提供的软件激活状态示意图; Software [0017] Figure I of the present invention provides a schematic view of the activation state;

[0018] 图2为本发明提供的软件隐藏状态示意图。 [0018] FIG. 2 of the present invention provides a hidden software of FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0019] 下面结合附图详细说明本发明,其作为本说明书的一部分,通过实施例来说明本发明的原理,本发明的其他方面,特征及其优点通过该详细说明将会变得一目了然。 [0019] The present invention is described in detail below, as part of the present specification, will be described by way of example the principles of the present invention, other aspects, features and advantages will become apparent from the detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0020] ー种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其中,所述方法包括如下步骤: [0020] Species ー virtualization software-based backup method, wherein said method comprises the steps of:

[0021] Al :在客户端中,使用虚拟化重定向技术将软件的读写操作指向到一块虚拟区域,将软件的数据与系统隔离开来; [0021] Al: in a client, redirection using virtualization software will read and write operations directed to a virtual area, to isolate the data and system software;

[0022] A2:用户在客户端中进行简单的控制这个虚拟区域的开合,根据自身的需要,有选择性地激活和隐藏软件; [0022] A2: simple user controls opening and closing of the virtual area in the client, according to their needs, and selectively activate the hidden software;

[0023] A3:当虚拟区域开启的时候,其包含的软件就处于激活状态,该软件的文件及注册表项目将被投影(映射)到系统相关位置,相当于被安装在了系统中; [0023] A3: virtual area when open, comprising software becomes active, the software files and registry entries to be projected (mapped) to the system-related position, corresponds to the system is installed;

[0024] A4:当虚拟区域被关闭之后,该软件就被隐藏,所有项目的投影将取消,相当于彻底卸载。 [0024] A4: When the virtual area is closed, the software is hidden, the projection of all projects will be canceled, equivalent to completely uninstall.

[0025] 所述软件被客户端虚拟化后,客户端将软件原本写到注册表系统的注册表项和写到文件系统的的文件分离出来,存储在软件的注册表缓存和文件缓存中,作为缓存数据进行保存。 [0025] After the software is client virtualization, the client software was originally written to the registry system registry entries and written to separate file system, stored in the registry file cache and cache software, as the cached data to be saved.

[0026] 所述缓存数据存储在客户端独有的缓存里。 The [0026] data stored in the client cache unique cache.

[0027] 所述软件被客户端激活后,客户端会将软件的注册表缓存投影到真实系统的注册表中,并不占用该物理位置空间。 The [0027] client software is activated, the client will registry cache projection software to the registry in the real system, the physical location is not occupied space.

[0028] 所述软件被客户端隐藏后,软件原来的注册表和文件的投影将被取消,其它系统进程无法识别。 [0028] After the software is hidden client, the original projection software and registry file will be canceled and does not recognize other system processes.

[0029] 所述方法适用于大型软件或安装新软件频繁的用户。 [0029] The method is suitable for large-scale software or frequent users to install new software.

[0030] 如图1、2所示,所述系统环境可分为如下三种: [0030] As shown in FIG 1, the system environment may be divided into the following three types:

[0031] (I)未使用云端的PC [0031] (I) did not use cloud PC

[0032] 系统环境:系统中有本地安装的软件A和其它系统进程。 [0032] System Environment: A systems have software and other system processes locally installed.

[0033] 当系统没有运行客户端时,用普通方法在本地安装软件A后,在注册表系统中有软件A的注册表项集合,在文件系统中有软件A的文件集合。 [0033] When the system is not running the client, with an ordinary method after the locally installed software A, there is a set of software A registry entry in the registry system, there is a set of software A file in the file system. 同时,注册表系统和文件系统还有系统其它进程的注册表项和文件集合。 At the same time, the collection system registry and file system as well as other processes of the system registry entries and files.

[0034] 软件A和其它系统进程,一般都可对注册表系统和文件系统的任何位置访问,不管这个注册表项和文件集合是自己的还是别的进程的。 [0034] A software and other system processes, generally accessible to any location system registry and system files, registry keys and files regardless of this collection is its own or other processes. 所有写的操作的结果都会留在原始的物理位置上。 All written operating result will remain in the original physical location.

[0035] (2)运行客户端的PC :被虚拟化的软件B,处于激活状态 [0035] (2) run the client PC: the virtualization software B, is active

[0036] 系统环境:系统中有被虚拟化的软件B、本地安装的软件B和其它系统进程。 [0036] System environment: the system has been virtualized software B, B locally installed software and other system processes.

[0037] I)当软件B被客户端虚拟化后,客户端将软件B原本写到注册表系统的注册表项和写到文件系统的的文件分离出来,存储在软件B的注册表缓存和文件缓存中,这些缓存数据存储在客户端独有的缓存里。 Separation [0037] I) when B is software client virtualization, client software B had written to the registry system registry entries and file system writes out a file, the registry is stored in the cache and software B file cache, the cache data stored in the client's unique cache.

[0038] 2)当在客户端中激活软件B吋,客户端会将软件B的注册表缓存投影到真实系统的注册表中,并不占用该物理位置空间;文件系统也是如此,会将文件缓存投影至真实的文件系统中,并不占物理空间。 [0038] 2) When the client software to activate B-inch, the client software will be projected onto the cache B registry registry real system, the physical location of the space is not occupied; true file system, the file will cache projected to the real file system does not account for the physical space.

[0039] 此时,安装在系统中的软件A和其它进程都可以看到软件B的注册项和文件集合,并认为是真实的。 [0039] In this case, A and other software installation process in the system registry entries can see a collection of files and software B, and that is true. 他们对彼此的注册表项和文件集合的互相访问和使用都照常进行。 Mutual access to each other and use their collection of files and registry entries are as usual.

[0040] 但对于软件B的注册表和文件的投影的写操作和读操作,其实都直接针对其缓存,而不是软件A和其它进程所看到的位置。 [0040] However, the projection for the registry file and software B of the write and read operations, in fact, directed against its cache, rather than software A and other processes see position.

[0041] (3)运行客户端的PC :处于隐藏状态的软件B [0041] (3) run the client PC: Software B in a hidden state

[0042] 系统环境:系统中有处于隐藏状态的软件B,本地安装的软件A和其它系统进程。 [0042] Environment: The system software has the hidden state B, A locally installed software and other system processes.

[0043] 当将软件B被隐藏后,云端将取消软件B原来的注册表和文件的投影,软件A和其它系统进程也就看不到了。 [0043] Once the software is hidden B, B cloud software will cancel the original registry and file projection, software and other system processes A will see it. 效果相当于软件B在系统中被卸载了。 B corresponds to the effect of software in the system was unloaded.

[0044] 本发明提供ー种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,通过使用虚拟化重定向技术将软件的读写操作指向到一块虚拟区域,从而将软件数据与系统隔离开来,用户可以非常简单的控制这个虚拟区域的开合,根据自己的需要,有选择性的激活和隐藏软件,当虚拟区域开启的时候,其包含的软件就处于激活状态,该软件的文件及注册表项目将被投影(映射)到系统相关位置,相当于被安装在了系统中;当虚拟区域被关闭之后,该软件就被隐藏,所有项目的投影将取消,相当于彻底卸载。 [0044] The present invention provides ー kinds of software-based virtual backup method, by using a virtualization technology redirection software read and write operations directed to a virtual area, so that the software systems to isolate data, the user can be very simple the virtual control opening and closing of areas, according to their needs, selective activation and hidden software, when virtual open area, which contains the software is activated, the software files and registry entries will be projected ( map) to system-related position, which is equivalent to be installed in the system; when the virtual area is closed, the software is hidden, the projection of all projects will be canceled, equivalent to completely uninstall. 该备份方法的应用虚拟化相比于现在的ー些硬件虚拟化技术及操作系统虚拟化技术更轻量级,更适用于桌面和应用程序等的虚拟化,为PC领域带来更好的桌面和软件使用的体验。 The backup application virtualization method compared to the current ー some hardware virtualization and OS virtualization technology is more lightweight, more suitable for desktop and application virtualization, etc., to bring better desktop PC field and software experience to use.

[0045] 以上所揭露的仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,当然不能以此来限定本发明之权利范围,因此依本发明申请专利范围所作的等同变化,仍属本发明所涵盖的范围。 [0045] While the invention disclosed above are preferred embodiments only, but not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, the equivalent changes made according to the invention patent application made by the range, still covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. 1. 一种基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤: Al :在客户端中,使用虚拟化重定向技术将软件的读写操作指向到一块虚拟区域,将软件的数据与系统隔离开来; A2 :用户在客户端中进行简单的控制这个虚拟区域的开合,根据自身的需要,有选择性地激活和隐藏软件; A3 :当虚拟区域开启的时候,其包含的软件就处于激活状态,该软件的文件及注册表项目将被投影(映射)到系统相关位置,相当于被安装在了系统中; A4 :当虚拟区域被关闭之后,该软件就被隐藏,所有项目的投影将取消,相当于彻底卸载。 A software-based virtual backup method, wherein the method comprises the steps of: Al: in a client, redirection using virtualization software will read and write operations directed to a virtual area, the software the system to isolate data; A2: simple user controls opening and closing of the virtual area in the client, according to their needs, and selectively activate the hidden software; A3: when opening a virtual area, which included in the software is activated, the software files and registry entries will be projected (mapped) to system-related position, the equivalent of being installed in the system; A4: when the virtual area is closed, the software is hidden the projection of all projects will be canceled, equivalent to completely uninstall.
  2. 2.如权利要求I所述的基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其特征在于,所述软件被客户端虚拟化后,客户端将软件原本写到注册表系统的注册表项和写到文件系统的的文件分离出来,存储在软件的注册表缓存和文件缓存中,作为缓存数据进行保存。 2. I claim virtualization software-based backup method, wherein, after the client software is virtualized, the client software was originally written to the registry system registry entries and writes the file system of claim separated files, caches stored in the registry and file caching software, as the cached data to be saved.
  3. 3.如权利要求I或2所述的基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其特征在于,所述缓存数据存储在客户端独有的缓存里。 I 3. The method claimed in claim or backup software-based virtualized, wherein said 2, the cache data storage unique to the client cache.
  4. 4.如权利要求I所述的基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其特征在于,所述软件被客户端激活后,客户端会将软件的注册表缓存投影到真实系统的注册表中,并不占用该物理位置空间。 4. I claim the virtualization software-based backup method, wherein, after the client software is activated, the registry client will cache the projection into registry software real system, it is not the position occupied by the physical space.
  5. 5.如权利要求I所述的基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其特征在于,所述软件被客户端隐藏后,软件原来的注册表和文件的投影将被取消,其它系统进程无法识别。 5. I claim virtualization software-based backup method, wherein, after the client software is hidden, the projection software and the original file registry will be canceled, the process does not recognize other systems as claimed in claim.
  6. 6.如权利要求I所述的基于虚拟化的软件备份方法,其特征在于,所述方法适用于大型软件或安装新软件频繁的用户。 I 6. claim virtualization software-based backup method, wherein said method is suitable for large-scale software or frequent users to install new software.
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