CN102661063A - Solar photovoltaic power station combined with fishery pond or shallow water beach surface - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic power station combined with fishery pond or shallow water beach surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102661063A
CN102661063A CN 201210169647 CN201210169647A CN102661063A CN 102661063 A CN102661063 A CN 102661063A CN 201210169647 CN201210169647 CN 201210169647 CN 201210169647 A CN201210169647 A CN 201210169647A CN 102661063 A CN102661063 A CN 102661063A
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photovoltaic power
shallow water
pond
solar photovoltaic
water surface
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CN 201210169647
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102661063B (en )
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胡志海
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胡志海
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Abstract

The invention provides a solar photovoltaic power station combined with a fishery pond or a shallow water beach surface. The solar photovoltaic power station comprises more than one equipment foundation and solar panels, the solar panels are mounted on tops of the equipment foundations, and the equipment foundations are mounted in the fishery pond or the shallow water beach surface. Accordingly, photovoltaic power generation is used with fishery aquaculture or the shallow water beach surface, a space above the fishery pond or the shallow water beach surface is sufficiently utilized by the built photovoltaic power station, occupied area of the photovoltaic power station is saved, land resource utilization rate is improved, and further development of the solar photovoltaic power station is promoted. In addition, the solar photovoltaic power station has the advantages that the quantity of scattering light supplied to equipment is increased, and the equipment can be cooled down.

Description

结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站 Binding solar photovoltaic power station fishing pond or shallow water surface

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于太阳能应用技术领域,具体涉及一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of solar technology applications, particularly relates to a solar photovoltaic power station one binding fishing pond or shallow water surface.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着全球能源的持续紧缺和气候变暖的日益加剧,可再生能源的开发利用已经变得越来越重要,太阳能光伏发电因其特有的优势已成为解决未来能源需求的重要途径。 [0002] With the continuing shortage and growing global energy climate warming, the development and utilization of renewable energy has become increasingly important, solar photovoltaic power generation because of its unique advantage has become an important way to address future energy needs.

[0003]目前,光伏发电电站通常直接固定在地面,具体做法为:将电池组件串列,利用金属支架,按照一定的方位角、倾角和一定的前后间距固定排列在地面上。 [0003] Currently, PV power plant is generally fixed directly to the ground, specific practices: the battery pack in series, a metal stent, according to a certain azimuth, inclination and a certain longitudinal pitch is fixed arranged on the ground. 由于光伏发电电站的占地面积非常大,即使全部使用高效率的晶硅电池,10万千瓦光伏电站占地面积也需要3000亩地左右,由于我国国土资源有限,因此限制了光伏发电电站的发展。 Since the area of ​​PV power plant is very large, even if all use high-efficiency crystalline silicon cells, 100,000 kilowatts of photovoltaic power plant covers an area of ​​need about 3,000 acres of land due to our limited land resources, thus limiting the development of photovoltaic power plants .

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对现有技术存在的缺陷,本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,将光伏发电与渔业养殖结合起来,从而节省了光伏电站的占地面积,提高了土地的资源利用率,促进了太阳能光伏电站的进一步发展。 [0004] for the drawbacks of the prior art, the present invention provides a solar photovoltaic power station one binding fishing pond or shallow water surface, combining photovoltaic and fishery, thereby saving floor space photovoltaic power plants, to improve the land resource utilization, and promote the further development of solar photovoltaic power plant.

[0005] 本发明采用的技术方案如下: [0005] The present invention employs the following technical solutions:

[0006] 本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,包括:一个以上设备基础和安装在所述设备基础顶部的太阳能电池板;所述设备基础安装在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的内部。 [0006] The present invention provides a combined solar photovoltaic power station fishing pond or shallow water surface, comprising: a base one or more devices and solar panels mounted on top of the device base; said apparatus base is mounted on the fishing pond or internal shallow water surface.

[0007] 优选的,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为I. 5米---2. 7米。 [0007] Preferably, between ground top of the device based on the position of the base where the apparatus distance is I. 5 yards --- 2.7 m.

[0008] 优选的,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为2.0米。 [0008] Preferably, the distance between the ground top of the device based on the position of the base where the apparatus is 2.0 m.

[0009] 优选的,所述太阳能光伏电站方阵所用到的传输电缆采取在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上架空布置的安装方式。 [0009] Preferably, the transmission cable of the solar photovoltaic power plant matrix is ​​used to take the installation on the surface of the fishing pond or shallow water surface above aerial arrangement.

[0010] 优选的,所述设备基础排列为m*n阵列,其中,m为行数,n为列数;在各行同一列 [0010] Preferably, the apparatus base are arranged in m * n array, where, m is the number of rows, n-number of columns; the same column in each row

位置设置汇流箱。 Location settings combiner box.

[0011] 优选的,还包括:检修通道;所述检修通道的左右两侧设置所述汇流箱。 [0011] Preferably, further comprising: access channel; said the Access right and left sides disposed the combiner box.

[0012] 优选的,所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面还包括鱼道沟;所述鱼道沟修筑在靠近所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面外围的位置处。 [0012] Preferably, the fishing pond or shallow water surface further comprises a fish ditch; the fish ditch construction at a position close to the fishing pond or shallow water surface periphery.

[0013] 本发明的有益效果如下: [0013] Advantageous effects of the present invention are as follows:

[0014] 本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,将光伏发电与渔业养殖结合起来,建立的光伏电站充分利用了渔业池塘或浅水滩面的上部空间,从而节省了光伏电站的占地面积,提高了土地的资源利用率,促进了太阳能光伏电站的进一步发展。 [0014] The present invention provides a combined solar photovoltaic power station fishing pond or shallow water surface, the photovoltaic power generation combined with fish farming, established PV power plant full advantage of fishing ponds or shallow upper space beach surface, thereby saving PV It covers an area of ​​power plant, improved resource utilization of land, and promote the further development of solar photovoltaic power plant. 而且,还具有给设备增加散射光和散热的优点。 Moreover, there is an advantage to the device to increase scattered light and heat. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图I为本发明提供的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站的结构示意图; Binding fisheries pond [0015] Figure I of the present invention provides or structural diagram of solar photovoltaic power plant beach surface shallow water;

[0016] 其中,1 渔业池塘或浅水滩面;2 设备基础;3 太阳能电池板。 [0016] wherein, a fishing pond or shallow water surface; 2 apparatus base; 3 solar panel.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 以下结合附图对本发明提供的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站进行详细介绍: [0017] The following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings fishing pond or shallow water surface solar photovoltaic power station of the present invention provides:

[0018] 如图I所示,本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,包括:一个以上设备基础和安装在所述设备基础顶部的太阳能电池板;所述设备基础安装在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的内部。 [0018] As shown in FIG I, the present invention provides a combined solar photovoltaic power station fishing pond or shallow water surface, comprising: a base one or more devices and solar panels mounted on top of the device base; said device base mounting inside the fishing pond or shallow water surface. 具体的,设备基础的底部打入到渔业池塘或浅水滩面底壁以下,设备基础的中部位于渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水中,,设备基础的顶部位于渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上。 Specifically, the bottom of the device based driven into fishing pond or a shallow bottom wall of the beach below the surface, the central apparatus based on the top water fishing pond or shallow water surface ,, the device based on the water surface fishing pond or shallow water surface above. 本发明中,设备基础可以为设备桩或直接浇筑在池塘底部或浅水滩面底部的基础。 The present invention, the device base can be directly cast into the bottom of the pond or the bottom of the shallow water surface foundation or devices pile.

[0019] 本发明中,将太阳能光伏电站和渔业养殖结合起来,具体的施工方式包括两种:第一种,对于未开垦的土地,施工时,首先按照太阳能阵列的面积整理出池塘方阵,然后在池塘内进行设备基础的施工,其中,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为I. 5米一2. 7米,即:设备基础没有打入地下的部分的长度为I. 5米一2. 7米,优选为2. 0米左右。 [0019] In the present invention, a solar photovoltaic power plants and fish farming combine specific construction methods include two: a first, for uncultivated land, the construction, the first sorting out pond square according to the area of ​​the solar array, then the device based on the construction in the pond, wherein the top of the device based on the distance between the ground of the location of the device base is located is I. 5 meter by 2.7 meters, namely: the device no basis into the ground length of the portion of I. 5 meter by 2.7 meters, preferably about 2.0 m. 在设备基础、支架和太阳能电池板安装完后,太阳能电池板的最低点距地面1.5米一1.8米左右。 In the device base, the bracket and solar panel installation is complete, the minimum pitch surface of the solar cell panel 1.5 meters around a 1.8 meters. 传统施工方式中,设备基础顶部距地面距离为I米左右,在设备基础、支架和太阳能电池板安装完后,太阳能电池板的最低点距地面0.5米左右,所以,这种施工方式导致地面无法进行种植等其他利用方式,而且,当土地生长出杂草时,杂草对太阳能电池板产生遮挡作用,因此,还需要专门人员清理杂草。 Traditional construction, the top of the device base from the ground a distance of about I m, in the device base, the bracket and solar panel installation is complete, the minimum pitch surface of the solar cell panel is about 0.5 m, so that this construction methods results in the ground can not be at other use planting, and, when the land grown weeds, weeds shielding effect of the solar panel, therefore, need specialized personnel clean weeds. 而本发明中,将设备基础直接建在池塘或浅水滩面上部,不需要专门人员清理杂草,并且,还不影响池塘内部养鱼,从而节约了土地资源。 And the present invention, the device is based on direct built ponds or shallow water portion surface, it does not require specialized personnel to clean up weeds, and does not affect the pond inside fish, thereby saving land resources. 第二种,如果在原有池塘上安装太阳能光伏电站,其施工方法为:在养殖产品销售季节,将水产品出塘,放干池内水晾干既可以进行基础施工,具体施工方法与第一种施工方法相同。 Second, if the installation of solar photovoltaic power plant in the original pond, its construction method is: in the breeding sales season, the fish out of the pond, drained the pool water to dry either foundation construction, concrete construction method with the first the same construction method.

[0020] 其中,为方便电缆检修,太阳能光伏电站所用到的传输电缆采取在渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上架空布置的安装方式。 [0020] wherein, for the convenience of the cable access, transmission cable solar photovoltaic power stations used to take installation in the water fishing pond or shallow water surface above aerial arrangement. 并且,在各行设备的相同列位置设有检修通道,汇流箱安装在检修通道的左右两侧,维修时,可以方便的对各个汇流箱检修。 And, provided in the same column position of each row equipment maintenance channel, the combiner box mounted on left and right sides of the access channel, maintenance, easy for the respective combiner box overhaul. 例如,本发明的检修通道是指:如果设备布置为30行20列的阵列,则对于每一行各列,由编号为1-20的列组成,在第10-11列之间设置接线汇流箱并留有一定宽度的通道;因此,每一行的第10-11列之间均具有这个通道,各行的通道即组成了检修通道。 For example, the Access present invention means: if the device arranged in 30 rows 20 of the array, for each of the columns in each row, the number of 1 to 20 columns, arranged junction combiner box between 10-11 column and left channel certain width; Thus, between 10-11 columns in each row has the channel, the channel of each row that is composed of access channels. 其中,本发明中,列也可称为组。 Wherein the present invention, the columns may also be referred to as a group. 原有太阳能电池板阵列中,检修汇流箱时只能逐行逐列检修,而本发明中,通过设置检修通道,可以方便快速的直接逐行检修。 Original array of solar panels, the only line by line maintenance overhaul combiner box, and the present invention, by setting the Access, can quickly and easily direct progressive overhaul.

[0021] 另外,渔业池塘或浅水滩面还包括鱼道沟;所述鱼道沟修筑在靠近所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面外围的位置处。 [0021] Further, fishing pond or shallow water surface further comprises a fish ditch; the fish ditch construction at a position close to the fishing pond or shallow water surface periphery. 取鱼方法由原来拉网取鱼改为在池塘外围设鱼道沟,当需要捕鱼时,放水后在鱼道沟内取鱼即可,增氧喂食不受影响。 Taking fish method of the original pull the net take the fish to provided fish ditch in a pond outside, when necessary fishing, the water, it takes the fish to the fishway trench, oxygen fed is not affected. 其中,如果池塘为长方形,则鱼道沟可以环绕设置在池塘四周,也可以仅设置在池塘的一侧。 Wherein, if the pond is rectangular, the fish ditch may be circumferentially disposed around the pond, it may be provided only on one side of the pond. 鱼道沟的设置长度根据实际需要进行调整。 Setting the length of the fish Erdaogou adjusted according to actual needs.

[0022] 因此,本发明提供的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,将光伏发电与渔业养殖结合起来,建立的光伏电站充分利用了渔业池塘或浅水滩面的上部空间,从而节省了光伏电站的占地面积,提高了土地的资源利用率,促进了太阳能光伏电站的进一步发展。 [0022] Accordingly, the present invention provides binding fishing pond or shallow water surface solar photovoltaic power plants, photovoltaic power generation and fishery combine to establish the PV power plant full advantage of fishing ponds or shallow upper space beach surface, thereby saving It covers an area of ​​photovoltaic power plants, improved resource utilization of land, and promote the further development of solar photovoltaic power plant. 而且,还具有增加散射光和散热的优点。 Further, also has the advantage of increasing scattered light and heat.

[0023] 以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视本发明的保护范围。 [0023] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art who, without departing from the principles of the present invention is provided, can make various improvements and modifications, such modifications and modifications should also depend on the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. 一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在于,包括:ー个以上设备基础和安装在所述设备基础顶部的太阳能电池板;所述设备基础安装在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的内部。 A binding fishing pond or shallow solar photovoltaic power station beach surface, characterized by comprising: ー or more devices based and solar panels mounted on top of the device base; said apparatus base is mounted on the fishing pond or internal shallow water surface.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为I. 5米一2. 7米。 The combined fishing pond or shallow water surface solar photovoltaic power station I according to claim, characterized in that the dry, the distance between the ground top of the device based on the position of the device base is located is I. 5 meter by 2.7 m.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为2. O米。 The combined fishing pond or shallow water surface solar photovoltaic power station according to claim 2, characterized in that the dry, the distance between the ground top of the device based on the position of the device base is located is 2. O m.
  4. 4.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述太阳能光伏电站方阵所用到的传输电缆采取在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上架空布置的安装方式。 The solar photovoltaic power plant combined fishing pond or shallow water surface I according to claim, characterized in that the dry, the transmission cable of the solar photovoltaic power plant matrix is ​​used to take in the surface of the fishing pond or shallow water surface installation above aerial arrangement.
  5. 5.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述设备基础排列为m*n阵列,其中,m为行数,η为列数;在各行同一列位置设置汇流箱。 The solar photovoltaic power plant combined fishing pond or shallow water surface I according to claim, characterized in that the dry, the device base are arranged in m * n array, where, m is the number of rows, [eta] is the number of columns; in each row in the same column position set combiner box.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,还包括:检修通道;所述检修通道的左右两侧设置所述汇流箱。 According to claim 5, wherein the combination of fishery ponds or shallow water surface of solar photovoltaic power plant, characterized by dry, further comprising: a maintenance channel; the access channel around both sides of the combiner box.
  7. 7.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面还包括鱼道沟;所述鱼道沟修筑在靠近所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面外围的位置处。 The combined fishing pond or shallow water surface solar photovoltaic power station I according to claim, characterized in that the dry, the fishing pond or shallow water surface further comprises a fish ditch; the fish ditch construction proximate said position fishery ponds or shallow water surface periphery.
CN 201210169647 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Solar photovoltaic power station combined with fishery pond or shallow water beach surface CN102661063B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56118575A (en) * 1980-02-22 1981-09-17 Yoshio Taguchi Power plant utilizing buoyancy
RU2316670C1 (en) * 2006-06-05 2008-02-10 Антон Евгеньевич Кирюнин Wave power plant
CN201148941Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2008-11-12 上海市枫泾中学 Novel three energy electricity generator on the sea
CN201162617Y (en) * 2008-03-14 2008-12-10 刘新广 Marine power generation column
CN202586819U (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-12-05 胡志海 Solar photovoltaic power station integrated with fishery pond or shallow water beach

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56118575A (en) * 1980-02-22 1981-09-17 Yoshio Taguchi Power plant utilizing buoyancy
RU2316670C1 (en) * 2006-06-05 2008-02-10 Антон Евгеньевич Кирюнин Wave power plant
CN201148941Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2008-11-12 上海市枫泾中学 Novel three energy electricity generator on the sea
CN201162617Y (en) * 2008-03-14 2008-12-10 刘新广 Marine power generation column
CN202586819U (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-12-05 胡志海 Solar photovoltaic power station integrated with fishery pond or shallow water beach

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