CN102661063A - Solar photovoltaic power station combined with fishery pond or shallow water beach surface - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic power station combined with fishery pond or shallow water beach surface Download PDF

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CN102661063A
CN102661063A CN2012101696478A CN201210169647A CN102661063A CN 102661063 A CN102661063 A CN 102661063A CN 2012101696478 A CN2012101696478 A CN 2012101696478A CN 201210169647 A CN201210169647 A CN 201210169647A CN 102661063 A CN102661063 A CN 102661063A
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photovoltaic power
pond
surface
shallow water
solar photovoltaic
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CN2012101696478A
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CN102661063B (en
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胡志海
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胡志海
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Abstract

The invention provides a solar photovoltaic power station combined with a fishery pond or a shallow water beach surface. The solar photovoltaic power station comprises more than one equipment foundation and solar panels, the solar panels are mounted on tops of the equipment foundations, and the equipment foundations are mounted in the fishery pond or the shallow water beach surface. Accordingly, photovoltaic power generation is used with fishery aquaculture or the shallow water beach surface, a space above the fishery pond or the shallow water beach surface is sufficiently utilized by the built photovoltaic power station, occupied area of the photovoltaic power station is saved, land resource utilization rate is improved, and further development of the solar photovoltaic power station is promoted. In addition, the solar photovoltaic power station has the advantages that the quantity of scattering light supplied to equipment is increased, and the equipment can be cooled down.

Description

结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站 Binding solar photovoltaic power plants fisheries pond surface or shallow water

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于太阳能应用技术领域,具体涉及一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of solar applications, particularly relates to a solar photovoltaic power station one binding fisheries pond surface or shallow water.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着全球能源的持续紧缺和气候变暖的日益加剧,可再生能源的开发利用已经变得越来越重要,太阳能光伏发电因其特有的优势已成为解决未来能源需求的重要途径。 [0002] With the sustained and growing shortage of global warming energy, development and utilization of renewable energy sources has become increasingly important, solar photovoltaic power generation because of its unique advantage has become an important way to address future energy needs.

[0003]目前,光伏发电电站通常直接固定在地面,具体做法为:将电池组件串列,利用金属支架,按照一定的方位角、倾角和一定的前后间距固定排列在地面上。 [0003] Currently, PV power plant is generally fixed directly to the ground, specific practices: the battery pack in series, a metal stent, according to a certain azimuth, inclination and a certain fixed distance are arranged on the front surface. 由于光伏发电电站的占地面积非常大,即使全部使用高效率的晶硅电池,10万千瓦光伏电站占地面积也需要3000亩地左右,由于我国国土资源有限,因此限制了光伏发电电站的发展。 Since the area of ​​PV power plant is very large, even if all use high-efficiency crystalline silicon cells, it covers an area of ​​100,000 kilowatts of photovoltaic power plants also need about 3,000 acres of land, our land due to limited resources, thus limiting the development of photovoltaic power plants .

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对现有技术存在的缺陷,本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,将光伏发电与渔业养殖结合起来,从而节省了光伏电站的占地面积,提高了土地的资源利用率,促进了太阳能光伏电站的进一步发展。 [0004] for the drawbacks of the prior art, the present invention provides a solar photovoltaic power station one binding fisheries pond surface or shallow water, combining photovoltaic and fishery, thereby saving floor space photovoltaic power plants, to improve the land resource utilization, and promote the further development of solar photovoltaic power plant.

[0005] 本发明采用的技术方案如下: [0005] The present invention employs the following technical solutions:

[0006] 本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,包括:一个以上设备基础和安装在所述设备基础顶部的太阳能电池板;所述设备基础安装在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的内部。 [0006] The present invention provides a solar photovoltaic power station combined fisheries pond surface or shallow water, comprising: a base one or more devices and solar panels mounted on top of the base of the device; the device is mounted on the base or fisheries pond the internal surface of the shallow water.

[0007] 优选的,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为I. 5米---2. 7米。 [0007] Preferably, between the top surface of the base device and the position where the base of the device I. 5 yards --- distance is 2.7 m.

[0008] 优选的,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为2.0米。 [0008] Preferably, the distance between the top surface of the base device and the position where the base of the apparatus is 2.0 m.

[0009] 优选的,所述太阳能光伏电站方阵所用到的传输电缆采取在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上架空布置的安装方式。 [0009] Preferably, the solar photovoltaic power station transmission cable is used to take the square mounting surface in shallow waters or the fishing pond surface disposed above the overhead.

[0010] 优选的,所述设备基础排列为m*n阵列,其中,m为行数,n为列数;在各行同一列 [0010] Preferably, the base apparatus arranged to m * n array, where, m is the number of rows, n-number of columns; the same column in each row

位置设置汇流箱。 Location settings combiner box.

[0011] 优选的,还包括:检修通道;所述检修通道的左右两侧设置所述汇流箱。 [0011] Preferably, further comprising: access channel; the left and right sides of the Access is provided to the combiner box.

[0012] 优选的,所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面还包括鱼道沟;所述鱼道沟修筑在靠近所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面外围的位置处。 [0012] Preferably, the surface of the shallow water fishing pond or ditch further comprising fish; the fish ditch construction at a position close to the surface of the shallow water fishing pond or periphery.

[0013] 本发明的有益效果如下: [0013] Advantageous effects of the present invention are as follows:

[0014] 本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,将光伏发电与渔业养殖结合起来,建立的光伏电站充分利用了渔业池塘或浅水滩面的上部空间,从而节省了光伏电站的占地面积,提高了土地的资源利用率,促进了太阳能光伏电站的进一步发展。 [0014] The present invention provides a solar photovoltaic power station combined fisheries pond or shallow water surface, the photovoltaic power generation combined with fish farming, the photovoltaic power station to establish full advantage of fishing ponds or shallow beach side upper space, thereby saving PV It covers an area of ​​power plant, to improve the utilization of land resources, and promote the further development of solar photovoltaic power plant. 而且,还具有给设备增加散射光和散热的优点。 Further, the device also has the advantage to increase the scattered light and heat. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图I为本发明提供的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站的结构示意图; Binding fisheries pond [0015] Figure I of the present invention provides a structural diagram of solar photovoltaic power plants or the surface of the shallow beach;

[0016] 其中,1 渔业池塘或浅水滩面;2 设备基础;3 太阳能电池板。 [0016] wherein, a fishing pond or shallow water surface; base apparatus 2; 3 solar panel.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 以下结合附图对本发明提供的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站进行详细介绍: [0017] The following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings fishing pond or shallow water surface of the solar photovoltaic power station according to the present invention provides:

[0018] 如图I所示,本发明提供一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,包括:一个以上设备基础和安装在所述设备基础顶部的太阳能电池板;所述设备基础安装在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的内部。 [0018] As shown in FIG I, the present invention provides a solar photovoltaic power station combined fisheries pond surface or shallow water, comprising: a base one or more devices and solar panels mounted on top of the base of the device; the device mounting base fisheries pond inside or the surface of the shallow water. 具体的,设备基础的底部打入到渔业池塘或浅水滩面底壁以下,设备基础的中部位于渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水中,,设备基础的顶部位于渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上。 Specifically, the bottom of the device into the foundation fishing pond or shallow beach below the surface of the bottom wall, at the top of the central base device fisheries pond water surface or shallow water based equipment located at the surface ,, fishing pond or shallow water surface above. 本发明中,设备基础可以为设备桩或直接浇筑在池塘底部或浅水滩面底部的基础。 In the present invention, the device may be directly cast into the base bottom of the pond bottom or base surface or shallow waters pile device.

[0019] 本发明中,将太阳能光伏电站和渔业养殖结合起来,具体的施工方式包括两种:第一种,对于未开垦的土地,施工时,首先按照太阳能阵列的面积整理出池塘方阵,然后在池塘内进行设备基础的施工,其中,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为I. 5米一2. 7米,即:设备基础没有打入地下的部分的长度为I. 5米一2. 7米,优选为2. 0米左右。 [0019] In the present invention, a solar photovoltaic power plants and fish farming combined construction including two or concrete: a first, for uncultivated land, the construction, according to the first sorting out the area of ​​the solar pond square array, then basic construction apparatus in the pond, wherein the top of the device based on the distance between the ground and the location of the device where the base is I. 5 meter by 2.7 meters, namely: the basis of the device into the ground without I. 5 parts of a length meter by 2.7 meters, preferably about 2.0 m. 在设备基础、支架和太阳能电池板安装完后,太阳能电池板的最低点距地面1.5米一1.8米左右。 On the basis of the device, and a solar panel mounting bracket after the minimum dot pitch terrestrial solar panels about a 1.5 m 1.8 m. 传统施工方式中,设备基础顶部距地面距离为I米左右,在设备基础、支架和太阳能电池板安装完后,太阳能电池板的最低点距地面0.5米左右,所以,这种施工方式导致地面无法进行种植等其他利用方式,而且,当土地生长出杂草时,杂草对太阳能电池板产生遮挡作用,因此,还需要专门人员清理杂草。 Traditional construction, the top from the ground based equipment from about I m, in the apparatus base, and a solar panel mounting bracket after the minimum floor pitch of the solar panel is about 0.5 m, so that the ground can not cause such a construction method use planting at other, and, when the land grown weeds, weeds shielding effect of the solar panel, therefore, need specialized personnel clean weeds. 而本发明中,将设备基础直接建在池塘或浅水滩面上部,不需要专门人员清理杂草,并且,还不影响池塘内部养鱼,从而节约了土地资源。 In the present invention, the device is built in the base directly or shallow water pond surface portion, no special cleaning personnel weeds, and does not affect internal fish pond, thereby saving land resources. 第二种,如果在原有池塘上安装太阳能光伏电站,其施工方法为:在养殖产品销售季节,将水产品出塘,放干池内水晾干既可以进行基础施工,具体施工方法与第一种施工方法相同。 Second, if the installation of solar photovoltaic power plant in the original pond, its construction method is: in the breeding season sales, the fish out of the pond, pool water drained dry either foundation construction, concrete construction method with the first the same construction method.

[0020] 其中,为方便电缆检修,太阳能光伏电站所用到的传输电缆采取在渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上架空布置的安装方式。 [0020] wherein, to facilitate access cable, the transmission cable of the solar photovoltaic power plants used in fisheries taken installation in the water surface of a pond or shallow water disposed above the overhead. 并且,在各行设备的相同列位置设有检修通道,汇流箱安装在检修通道的左右两侧,维修时,可以方便的对各个汇流箱检修。 And, provided in the same column position of each row of the Access device, the combiner box mounted on left and right sides of the Access, maintenance, can easily access the respective combiner box. 例如,本发明的检修通道是指:如果设备布置为30行20列的阵列,则对于每一行各列,由编号为1-20的列组成,在第10-11列之间设置接线汇流箱并留有一定宽度的通道;因此,每一行的第10-11列之间均具有这个通道,各行的通道即组成了检修通道。 For example, the Access means according to the present invention: If the device 30 is arranged in an array of rows 20, each of the columns for each row, the columns numbered 1 to 20, a bus connection is provided between the box columns 10-11 and left channels of a certain width; Thus, between 10-11 columns in each row has the channel, i.e. the channel of each row constitute the access. 其中,本发明中,列也可称为组。 Wherein the present invention, the columns may also be referred to as a group. 原有太阳能电池板阵列中,检修汇流箱时只能逐行逐列检修,而本发明中,通过设置检修通道,可以方便快速的直接逐行检修。 Original array of solar panels, the only line by line maintenance overhaul combiner box, and the present invention, by setting the Access, direct line by line can easily and quickly repair.

[0021] 另外,渔业池塘或浅水滩面还包括鱼道沟;所述鱼道沟修筑在靠近所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面外围的位置处。 [0021] Further, the shallow water fishing pond or ditch surface further comprises fish; the fish ditch construction at a position close to the surface of the shallow water fishing pond or periphery. 取鱼方法由原来拉网取鱼改为在池塘外围设鱼道沟,当需要捕鱼时,放水后在鱼道沟内取鱼即可,增氧喂食不受影响。 The method of taking the fish to fish taken from the original network is provided to pull the fish in the pond perimeter ditch when needed fishing, fish can be taken after the drainage trench fishway, oxygen fed unaffected. 其中,如果池塘为长方形,则鱼道沟可以环绕设置在池塘四周,也可以仅设置在池塘的一侧。 Wherein, if the pond is rectangular, the fish may be circumferentially disposed around the ditch pond, it may be provided only on one side of the pond. 鱼道沟的设置长度根据实际需要进行调整。 Setting the length of the fish Erdaogou adjusted according to actual needs.

[0022] 因此,本发明提供的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,将光伏发电与渔业养殖结合起来,建立的光伏电站充分利用了渔业池塘或浅水滩面的上部空间,从而节省了光伏电站的占地面积,提高了土地的资源利用率,促进了太阳能光伏电站的进一步发展。 [0022] Accordingly, the present invention provides binding fishing pond or shallow water surface solar photovoltaic power plants, photovoltaic power generation and fishery combine to establish the PV power plant full advantage of fishing ponds or shallow upper space beach surface, thereby saving It covers an area of ​​photovoltaic power plants, improve the utilization of land resources, and promote the further development of solar photovoltaic power plant. 而且,还具有增加散射光和散热的优点。 Moreover, scattered light also has the advantage of increased heat dissipation.

[0023] 以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视本发明的保护范围。 [0023] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, can make various improvements and modifications, such modifications and modifications should also depend on the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. 一种结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在于,包括:ー个以上设备基础和安装在所述设备基础顶部的太阳能电池板;所述设备基础安装在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的内部。 A fishing pond or binding shallow beach surface of solar photovoltaic power station, characterized by comprising: one or more devices based ー and solar panels mounted on top of the base of the device; the device is mounted on said base fisheries pond or the internal surface of the shallow water.
2.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为I. 5米一2. 7米。 The combined fishing pond or shallow water surface of the solar photovoltaic power plant as claimed in claim I, characterized in that the dry, the distance between the top surface of the base device and the position of the device base is located I. 5 meter by 2.7 m.
3.根据权利要求2所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述设备基础的顶部与所述设备基础所在位置的地面之间距离为2. O米。 The combined fishing pond or shallow water surface solar photovoltaic power station according to claim 2, characterized in that the dry, the distance between the top surface of the base device and the position of the device where the base of 2. O m.
4.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述太阳能光伏电站方阵所用到的传输电缆采取在所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面的水面以上架空布置的安装方式。 The solar photovoltaic power plant combined fisheries pond surface or shallow waters according to claim I, characterized in that the dry, the transmission cable of the solar photovoltaic power plants used square taken in the fisheries pond water surface or shallow water installation above aerial arrangement.
5.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述设备基础排列为m*n阵列,其中,m为行数,η为列数;在各行同一列位置设置汇流箱。 The solar photovoltaic power plant combined fisheries pond surface or shallow waters according to claim I, characterized in that the dry, the base apparatus arranged to m * n array, where, m is the number of rows, columns [eta] is a number; the each row in the same column position combiner box set.
6.根据权利要求5所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,还包括:检修通道;所述检修通道的左右两侧设置所述汇流箱。 The combined fishing pond or shallow water surface of the solar photovoltaic power plant as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the dry, further comprising: access channel; the left and right sides of the Access is provided to the combiner box.
7.根据权利要求I所述的结合渔业池塘或浅水滩面的太阳能光伏电站,其特征在干,所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面还包括鱼道沟;所述鱼道沟修筑在靠近所述渔业池塘或浅水滩面外围的位置处。 The combined fishing pond or shallow water surface of the solar photovoltaic power plant as claimed in claim I, characterized in that the dry, the surface of the shallow water fishing pond or ditch further comprising fish; construction of the ditch close to said fish position fishery ponds or shallow water surface periphery.
CN 201210169647 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Solar photovoltaic power station combined with fishery pond or shallow water beach surface CN102661063B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56118575A (en) * 1980-02-22 1981-09-17 Yoshio Taguchi Power plant utilizing buoyancy
RU2316670C1 (en) * 2006-06-05 2008-02-10 Антон Евгеньевич Кирюнин Wave power plant
CN201148941Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2008-11-12 上海市枫泾中学 Novel three energy electricity generator on the sea
CN201162617Y (en) * 2008-03-14 2008-12-10 刘新广 Marine power generation column
CN202586819U (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-12-05 胡志海 Solar photovoltaic power station integrated with fishery pond or shallow water beach

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56118575A (en) * 1980-02-22 1981-09-17 Yoshio Taguchi Power plant utilizing buoyancy
RU2316670C1 (en) * 2006-06-05 2008-02-10 Антон Евгеньевич Кирюнин Wave power plant
CN201148941Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2008-11-12 上海市枫泾中学 Novel three energy electricity generator on the sea
CN201162617Y (en) * 2008-03-14 2008-12-10 刘新广 Marine power generation column
CN202586819U (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-12-05 胡志海 Solar photovoltaic power station integrated with fishery pond or shallow water beach

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