CN102661019B - Heat preservation and decoration integrated construction method for outer wall of building - Google Patents

Heat preservation and decoration integrated construction method for outer wall of building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102661019B
CN102661019B CN201210157597.1A CN201210157597A CN102661019B CN 102661019 B CN102661019 B CN 102661019B CN 201210157597 A CN201210157597 A CN 201210157597A CN 102661019 B CN102661019 B CN 102661019B
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wall
insulation
heat
decoration
decoration integrated
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CN102661019A (en
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徐礼赞
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HENAN WUJIAN SECOND CONSTRUCTION CO Ltd
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HENAN WUJIAN SECOND CONSTRUCTION CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a heat preservation and decoration integrated construction method for an outer wall of a building. The method comprises the following steps of: 1, before a floor main body structure is constructed, arranging a support frame body along the trend of an outer wall of a floor slab of the building; 2, lifting heat-preservation decorative boards, aligning the heat-preservation decorative boards with boards which are constructed on a lower floor, fixing the heat-preservation decorative boards to the support frame by using pull rods, and adjusting to flatten the heat-preservation decorative boards; 3, constructing the outer wall between heat-preservation and decoration integrated boards and the support frame; and 4, dismantling the support frame body and constructing an outer wall of an upper floor in a turnaround mode. The method has the advantages that the heat-preservation decorative boards of the outer wall of the building is constructed together with a main project, so that a scaffold is not required to be constructed, and high-altitude falling accidents caused by the insecurity of the scaffold of the outer wall can be thoroughly eliminated. The used heat-preservation decorative boards can meet a level-A fire resistance requirement and a heat preservation requirement at the same time, and outer wall templates can be replaced, so that the discharge of construction waste is reduced; and outer wall decoration can be accomplished along with the progress of the main project, so that the progress of the project can be greatly accelerated, and the construction cost of the project can be greatly reduced.

Description

Skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration and Special-purpose hanger installation
Technical field
The present invention relates to architecture construction method, especially relate to a kind of skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration, the invention still further relates to the hoisting machine being exclusively used in this construction method.
Background technology
Building is one of energy-saving and emission-reduction, reply most important field of climate change, and a content important in building energy conservation is exactly exterior-wall heat insulation, and exterior-wall heat insulation comprises outer insulation, interior insulation and sandwich heat preservation, and the effect of outer insulation is the most desirable.The construction of polyphenyl board exterior wall heat insulation system is simple; can not meet the fire protection requirement of external wall outer insulation A level; the great majority that exterior-wall heat insulation in the market can meet the fire protection requirement of A level are the operation of thermal insulation mortar situ wet; as inorganic heat insulation mortar, glass bead, granular polystyrene etc.; its complicated construction technique, waste of material are serious, long in time limit, time have the jerry phenomenon of insulation thickness to occur.On market, there is the production of insulation and decoration integrated plate, its construction costs is relatively high, apply and be restricted, research for insulating product construction method is relatively less, most exterior-wall heat insulation constructions are after main structural engineering has been constructed, to have relied on exterior wall scaffold construction, and construction safety risk is large.
At present the building of construction mostly is multistory building or highrise building, during external wall construction, must scaffold erecting, and workman stands in and on scaffold, carries out work.Use scaffold to carry out high-altitude construction and have very large potential safety hazard, particularly fastener-style steel pipe scaffolding, low due to steel pipe, fastener quality, constantly there is security incident; Except product quality problem, in construction, misapplication is also major reason, and if scaffold and mould bases are because unstability is collapsed, because enterprise does not carry out safety compute when overlap joint scaffold, construction by rule of thumb exactly.In addition, safety technics education is not carried out to operator in many building sites, adds the problems such as quality of workers is poor, construction site management is chaotic, safeguard procedures are not in place, makes scaffold accident hard to guard against.One of construction safety five major injuries are exactly high falling, wherein just comprise from exterior wall scaffold and falling.
Traditional construction method also needs to use a large amount of wooden agglutination formworks simultaneously, and after Practical Completion, pile up like a mountain for these shabby templates, both wasted resource, produces again a large amount of building wastes, uneconomical also not environmental protection.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration, the method is carried out the construction of heat-insulation/decoration integrated plate in main structure construction, thereby accomplish that whole work progress is not used exterior wall scaffold, the fire prevention of skin A level and insulation requirement have been met again, not only economy but also environmental protection simultaneously.
For achieving the above object, the present invention can take following technical proposals:
Skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration of the present invention, it comprises the steps:
The first step, before this layer main body structure construction, arranges supporting frame along building floor exterior wall trend;
Second step, by the insulation and decoration integrated plate plate alignment that ,Yu lower floor constructed of slinging, adopts pull bar to be fixed on supporting frame, and is regulated smooth in the inner side of insulation and decoration integrated plate; According to said method block-by-block installs this layer of insulation and decoration integrated plate successively;
The 3rd step is carried out the construction of exterior wall between insulation and decoration integrated plate and supporting frame, by designing requirement masonry panel; When exterior wall is designed to concreting body of wall, inner formword is installed before supporting frame, the double exterior sheathing of doing of insulation and decoration integrated plate carries out the pouring construction of exterior wall between insulation and decoration integrated plate and inner formword;
The 4th step, removes supporting frame, has enough to meet the need a upper floor external wall construction.
Support frame as described above body is for moving towards many vertical rods of spread configuration and the cross bar of level connection joint between described vertical rod successively from top to bottom along exterior wall, node between described cross bar and vertical rod is connected as a single entity by connector, tilts to extend to be provided with hound from described vertical rod top to interior architecture thing floor.
Described insulation and decoration integrated plate is composited by exterior trim surface layer, insulation layer and inner protective layer successively, the screed that exterior trim surface layer is built-in reinforcing bar/gauze wire cloth or color steel, aluminum layer; What in insulation layer, fill is the A level fire-retardant heat-insulation materials such as vitrification micropearl morttar or foam concrete; Inner protective layer is cement sand bed or the metal level of built-in gauze wire cloth; The convex-concave metal covering of the upper and lower plates bonding surface of described insulation and decoration integrated plate for mutually agreeing with.
Described pull bar is two sections of split-type structurals, on the leading portion screw rod being connected with end horizontal bar, is provided with anchor plate, and the back segment screw rod being screwed on leading portion screw rod by internal thread rotation is connected with support frame as described above body, at described back segment screw rod, is outside equipped with sleeve.
For convenience of construction, the invention also discloses a kind of hoisting machine being exclusively used in construction method of the present invention, it comprises with the chassis of road wheel and the vertical supporting bar that is vertically set on end, described chassis, at the top of described vertical supporting bar, is provided with support pulley; Be placed with on the other end chassis of balancing weight and be tiltedly installed with oblique fulcrum bar to vertical supporting bar direction, the middle part of described oblique fulcrum bar is connected with described vertical supporting bar, and its end is provided with lifting pulley; After walking around successively lifting pulley and support pulley with the steel wire tow line of suspension hook, be wrapped on the hoist engine cylinder that is placed in middle part, chassis.
Described vertical supporting bar and oblique fulcrum bar are two-section separated structure.
The invention has the advantages that skin heat insulating decorative board constructs with major project, therefore need not scaffold erecting, heat insulating decorative board can substitute floor edge protection, accomplishes first to protect rear construction, can thoroughly stop the generation of the falling from high altitude accident that causes because exterior wall scaffold is dangerous.Because the outer wall heat insulating and decorating plate using can meet the fire protection requirement of A level and insulation requirement simultaneously, and can substitute outer wall template, and without form removal, can reach the object of saving template, reduce again building waste discharge; Decoration of exterior wall can complete together along with major project progress, can significantly speed up the work, and greatly reduces construction costs, is conducive to applying of insulation and decoration integrated plate, has significant economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of supporting frame in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of insulation and decoration integrated plate in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram of pull bar in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of hoisting machine used in construction method of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration of the present invention, it comprises the steps: as shown in Figure 1:
The first step before this layer main body structure construction, arranges supporting frame 2 along exterior wall trend on the building floor 1 of having constructed;
Second step, by the insulation and decoration integrated plate 3 plate alignment that ,Yu lower floor constructed of slinging, adopts pull bar 5 to be fixed on bracing frame 2, and is regulated smooth in the inner side of insulation and decoration integrated plate; According to said method block-by-block installs this layer of insulation and decoration integrated plate successively;
The 3rd step is carried out the construction of exterior wall 6, by designing requirement masonry panel between insulation and decoration integrated plate 3 and bracing frame 2; When exterior wall 6 is designed to concreting body of wall, at the front installation inner formword 4 of bracing frame 2, the double exterior sheathing of doing of insulation and decoration integrated plate 3 carries out the pouring construction of exterior wall 6 between insulation and decoration integrated plate 3 and inner formword 4;
The 4th step, removes supporting frame 2, has enough to meet the need a upper floor external wall construction.
Supporting frame meets Wind-Pressure Resistance requirement executing man-hour requirement, and under corresponding Action of Wind pressure, whole or local maximum distortion should not surpass 3mm; Maximum anti-incidental load is 3KN, can guarantee unlikely distortion under accidental load.For meeting the above-mentioned construction requirement of supporting frame, supporting frame can be designed to move towards the many vertical rods 7 of spread configuration and the many piece cross bars 8 of level connection joint between vertical rod 7 successively from top to bottom along exterior wall, node between cross bar 8 and vertical rod 7 is bolted part and is connected as a single entity, and tilts to extend to be provided with hound 9 from vertical rod 7 tops to interior architecture thing floor 1.During use, the bottom of vertical rod 7 and hound 9 is connected with bolt pre-buried on floor 1, by adjusting the spacing of vertical rod 7 and cross bar 8, can makes whole supporting frame meet different Wind-Pressure Resistance requirements, as shown in Figure 2.
Insulation and decoration integrated plate used can be used existing sheet material on market, its properties of product need to meet the requirement of JGJ144 < < external wall outer insulation engineering rules > >, decorative layer quality need meet the requirement of GB50210 < < Code for construction quality acceptance of building decoration > >, sheet material resisting wind press capacity need meet the requirement of GB 50009 < < loading code for design of building structures > >, lateral pressure when the double heat insulating decorative board of doing template use needs to resist concreting.Also can use following composite board, as shown in Figure 3: insulation and decoration integrated plate is composited by exterior trim surface layer 10, insulation layer 11 and inner protective layer 12 successively; Exterior trim surface layer 10 can be the screed (concrete lateral pressure requirement while meeting alternate template) of built-in reinforcing bar/gauze wire cloth, outer brush emulsion paint or furring brick, also can use color steel, aluminium sheet or other ornament materials, this layer also plays cracking resistance and protection insulation layer simultaneously; Built-in heat insulation layer 11 can be filled the A level heat insulating materials such as inorganic heat insulation mortar, vitrification micropearl morttar or foam concrete; Cement sand bed or metal level that inner protective layer 12 is built-in gauze wire cloth, both can meet Wind-Pressure Resistance requirement, can play again the protective effect that prevents collision; The convex-concave metal covering 28 of the face that combines between the higher and lower levels of insulation and decoration integrated plate for mutually agreeing with, this metal covering can be used the angle steel of standard model, also can use steel plate machine-shaping, and the seam planeness between external wallboard block realizes by the machining accuracy of steel plate 28.The insulation layer 11 of this heat insulating decorative board is placed between upper and lower two steel plates 28 and inside and outside topping 10,12, does not absorb water, does not ftracture, and can reach best insulation and decoration effect.Simultaneously, the convex-concave metal covering of the face that combines between the higher and lower levels of this sheet material for mutually agreeing with, the seam crossing between sheet material up and down of dividing joint position is placed expanded rubber sealing rod 29, this sealing rod 29 can expand long-term chance under water state, can guarantee external wall waterproof effect, in short-term, meet water state lower volume stable, can guarantee that construction period plate seam does not change, and has good perception effect; During construction, this sealing rod 29 and lower plate seam can be bolted, and also can bond fixing.While certainly constructing, also can adopt additive method to process the plate seam between upper and lower sheet material, as long as can meet acceptance criteria, require.
After insulation and decoration integrated plate hung putting in place, it first need to be connected and fixed with supporting frame, fixture used is pull bar 5, as shown in Figure 4.This pull bar is two sections of split-type structurals, on the leading portion screw rod 14 being connected with end horizontal bar 13, is provided with anchor plate 15, and the back segment screw rod 16 being screwed on leading portion screw rod by internal thread rotation is connected with supporting frame, at back segment screw rod 16, is outside equipped with sleeve 17.When insulation and decoration integrated plate 3 is installed fixedly, leading portion screw rod 14 is connected with back segment screw rod 16, sleeve 17 is placed on to front and rear sections screw rod junction.In two kinds of situation, a kind of situation is masonry structure exterior wall in the construction of exterior wall 6, during building wall, directly builds pull bar 5 by laying bricks or stones complete insulation and decoration integrated plate in body of wall anchoring; Another kind of situation is reinforced concrete structure body of wall, the double template of doing of insulation and decoration integrated plate 3 that during this kind of structure wall construction, install in outside is used, during inner side template 4 construction, the cross bar 8 of supporting frame can doublely be done template cross binding keel, pull bar 5 can doublely be done template split bolt and use, its construction method can adopt traditional construction method, no longer describes in detail.When exterior wall 6, constructed and removed after supporting frame 2, leading portion screw rod 14 is retained in body of wall, and back segment screw rod 16 is removed (can have enough to meet the need use), fills out filling polyurethane foam material and carry out heat bridge processing in the hole that sleeve 17 forms.
In above-mentioned work progress, insulation and decoration integrated plate can first adopt tower crane, material elevator etc. to be transported on floor, then uses small-sized vertical transport equipment to lift.While constructing for convenience, haulage device shifts between floor, small-sized vertical transport equipment is simple in structure, dismounting, easy to assembly, and can directly in floor, walk flexibly, can adopt the hoisting machine (as shown in Figure 5) of following special use: this hoisting machine comprises with the chassis 19 of six road wheels 18 and the vertical supporting bar 20 that is vertically set on 19 ends, chassis, is provided with supports pulley 21 at the top of vertical supporting bar 20 for this reason; Be placed with on the other end chassis of balancing weight 22 and be tiltedly installed with oblique fulcrum bar 23 to vertical supporting bar 20 directions, the middle part of oblique fulcrum bar 23 is connected with vertical supporting bar 20, and its end is provided with lifting pulley 24; After walking around successively lifting pulley 24 and support pulley 21 with the steel wire tow line 26 of suspension hook 25, be wrapped on hoist engine 27 cylinders that are placed in 19 middle parts, chassis; Road wheel 18 can be used the universal wheel with check mechanism, steady while guaranteeing to park; Vertical supporting bar 20 and oblique fulcrum bar 23 are two-section separated structure, both transfer for convenience detach, also be convenient to regulate height, as vertical supporting bar 20 can form by two sections of pipes that connect together or square tube, oblique fulcrum bar 23 can adopt rectangular steel pipe of front end to insert in misconnection composition between two rectangular steel pipes of root, can be from the heat insulating decorative board of slinging in floor during construction, also can directly handling from floor.

Claims (7)

1. a skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration, is characterized in that: it comprises the steps:
The first step, before this layer main body structure construction, arranges supporting frame (2) along building floor (1) exterior wall trend;
Second step, by insulation and decoration integrated plate (3) the plate alignment that ,Yu lower floor constructed of slinging, adopts pull bar (5) to be fixed in supporting frame (2) upper, and is regulated smooth in the inner side of insulation and decoration integrated plate (3); According to said method block-by-block installs this layer of insulation and decoration integrated plate successively;
The 3rd step is carried out the construction of exterior wall (6), by designing requirement masonry panel between insulation and decoration integrated plate (3) and supporting frame (2);
The 4th step, removes supporting frame (2), has enough to meet the need a upper floor external wall construction.
2. skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the 3rd step is replaceable is: when exterior wall (6) is designed to concreting body of wall, at the front installation inner formword of supporting frame (2) (4), the double exterior sheathing of doing of insulation and decoration integrated plate (3) carries out the pouring construction of exterior wall (6) between insulation and decoration integrated plate (3) and inner formword (4).
3. skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: support frame as described above body (2) is for moving towards the many vertical rods (7) of spread configuration and the cross bar (8) of level connection joint between described vertical rod (7) successively from top to bottom along exterior wall, node between described cross bar (8) and vertical rod (7) is connected as a single entity by connector, tilts to extend to be provided with hound (9) from described vertical rod (7) top to interior architecture thing floor (1).
4. skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described insulation and decoration integrated plate is composited by exterior trim surface layer (10), insulation layer (11) and inner protective layer (12) successively; The convex-concave metal covering of the upper and lower plates bonding surface of described insulation and decoration integrated plate for mutually agreeing with.
5. skin integral construction method for heat preservation and decoration according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described pull bar is two sections of split-type structurals, on the leading portion screw rod (14) being connected with end horizontal bar (13), be provided with anchor plate (15), the back segment screw rod (16) being screwed on leading portion screw rod by internal thread rotation is connected with support frame as described above body, at described back segment screw rod (16), is outside equipped with sleeve (17).
6. one kind is exclusively used in the hoisting machine in construction method described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: it comprises with the chassis of road wheel (18) (19) and the vertical supporting bar (20) that is vertically set on end, described chassis (19), is provided with supports pulley (21) at the top of described vertical supporting bar (20); Be placed with on the other end chassis of balancing weight (22) and be tiltedly installed with oblique fulcrum bar (23) to vertical supporting bar (20) direction, the middle part of described oblique fulcrum bar (23) is connected with described vertical supporting bar (20), and its end is provided with lifting pulley (24); After walking around successively lifting pulley (24) and support pulley (21) with the steel wire tow line (26) of suspension hook (25), be wrapped on hoist engine (27) cylinder that is placed in middle part, chassis (19).
7. hoisting machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described vertical supporting bar (20) and oblique fulcrum bar (23) are two-section separated structure.
CN201210157597.1A 2012-05-21 2012-05-21 Heat preservation and decoration integrated construction method for outer wall of building Active CN102661019B (en)

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CN106481085A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-03-08 绍兴明煌建材科技有限公司 A kind of bearing diagonal of novel fabricated structure regulation with a scale and its construction method
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