In athletics sports, badminton is one and popularizes the sports item wide, mass foundation is good.This project requires lower, applied widely, adaptable to place, environment and player, be applicable to most of crowds and temper use, therefore, is subject to having deep love for and liking of broad masses.
As the necessity of badminton---shuttlecock, be the consumable store of this motion, every Year's consumption is huge.Shuttlecock is mainly coordinated binding and be bonded by bulb and 16 feathers, and fabrication processing is roughly divided into choosing hair, makes bulb, plants several large links such as hair, injecting glue, binding, plastic roll, test.Wherein, choosing hair has occupied the more than 50% of whole shuttlecock production work amount.In process of production, because feather is to take from bird, be natural giving birth to, every feather certainly exists different profiles, weight, so, though producing, shuttlecock has history decades, but choosing hair and feeding process are still take craft as main, in the manual mode of people, each root workprint is placed on shuttlecock production facilities one by one, so far all cannot realize workprint automatic material selecting and feeding, greatly affect work efficiency and the tooling cost of shuttlecock, time-consuming, effort, and easily cause industrial accident, affect laborer healthy.And the unification that feather is selected materials and stable is the guarantee of shuttlecock crudy, it not only directly affects the effect that impacts of shuttlecock, more can remote effect carrying out and popularizing to this motion.Therefore, develop a kind of pinaculum of badminton automatic feeding method and equipment, when liberation labour power, enhance productivity and the quality of production, just become the task of top priority of shuttlecock processing enterprise.
Summary of the invention
In view of the foregoing, the present invention aims to provide a kind of method and apparatus of realizing pinaculum of badminton automatic feeding, to improve workprint feeding process, guarantees feeding quality, realize shuttlecock efficiently, fast, automated production cheaply.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of pinaculum of badminton automatic feeding method, concrete steps comprise:
Step 1: workprint is poured in the vibrating disc of electromagnetic vibrator.
Step 2: utilize electromagentic resonance (EMR) and vibrating disc edge spiral guiding channel from inside to outside, make workprint form orderly motion upwards, forward in vibration processes.
Step 3: the oblong openings on the dividing plate diagonally distributing by guiding channel end is carried out large and small head screening to workprint, dividing plate is along the direction of transfer of guiding channel, the preceding workprint of microcephaly enters in the V-arrangement Transfer pipe after opening smoothly, and the preceding workprint of major part falls back to continuation vibration in vibrating disc automatically.
Step 4: the workprint that enters V-arrangement Transfer pipe forwards in vibration, V-arrangement Transfer pipe distributes in the form of a ring, and bending direction and ring-type Transfer pipe curve the inconsistent workprint of direction automatic turning occur in vibration.
Step 5: curve towards consistent, bending direction and ring-type V-arrangement Transfer pipe workprint that direction is consistent and be admitted to connecting gear and carry out horizontal transmission, utilize photoelectric sensor to respond to workprint position, and workprint is carried out to corresponding collection and take pictures.
Step 6: by graphical analysis, identification workprint pros and cons, just touch the pillow, the parameter such as overlapping, quantity, speed, utilize pressurized air that nonconformity workprint is blown into vibration again in blanking port, qualified workprint is sent into lower road manufacturing procedure, so far, workprint automatic feeding completes.
A kind of pinaculum of badminton automatic feeder equipment, comprises percussion mechanism, guide, connecting gear, testing agency and controller.Percussion mechanism comprises vibrating disc and electromagnetic shaker, and vibrating disc is arranged on electromagnetic shaker top; Guide is around shape and is distributed on the edge of vibrating disc, guide comprises the guiding channel and the Transfer pipe that are interconnected, and the pipe reducer being distributed between guiding channel and Transfer pipe is distinguished mechanism, guiding channel is connected to the inner side at vibrating disc edge, guiding channel is spiral uprising shape, and guiding channel extends to vibrating disc top by vibrating disc bottom; In the form of a ring, Transfer pipe horizontal circle is also connected to the outside at vibrating disc edge to Transfer pipe, and the shape of cross section of Transfer pipe is V-arrangement; It is that one or more diagonally distribute at the dividing plate of guiding channel end that pipe reducer is distinguished mechanism, more than one dividing plate space, and dividing plate is along the direction of transfer of guiding channel, and dividing plate is provided with oblong openings; Connecting gear is banded horizontal transmission, and connecting gear is communicated with Transfer pipe; Described testing agency comprises the inductor, camera and the compressed-air atomizer that are linked in sequence on connecting gear, and the blanking bag that be positioned at connecting gear opposite side relative with compressed-air atomizer, compressed-air atomizer and extraneous compressed air communication; Controller respectively with inductor, camera, compressed-air atomizer, electromagnetic shaker and connecting gear signal communication.
Described one or more membrane backside is the corresponding baffle plate that is provided with also, and baffle plate is corresponding with oblong openings on dividing plate and retain certain spacing; Along the direction of workprint walking, between baffle plate mouth and oblong openings, leave workprint outlet, the sealing of baffle plate input end is connected in oblong openings.
Described inductor is photoelectric sensor.
Described electromagnetic shaker is electromagnetic vibrator.
Pinaculum of badminton automatic feeding method of the present invention and equipment, adopt electromagnetic shaker and guiding channel, pipe reducer to distinguish the synergy of mechanism, Transfer pipe, make workprint vibration complete in transport process sequence, in the same way, switching process, in conjunction with the reinspection control of late detection mechanism, make the workprint of sending reach the requirement that direction is identical, angle of bend is consistent.Whole process completes automatically, has stopped industrial accident, has overcome manual screening, the drawback of inefficiency while putting workprint, transmission efficiency is significantly improved, delivery quality is stable, reliable, and follow-up production efficiency of planting mao operation improves more than 10 times, and has realized uninterrupted duty in 24 hours.And corresponding production facilities volume is little, simple in structure, maintenance cost is low, material loading speed is fast, and productive costs obviously reduces, and is applicable to supporting the use with existing shuttlecock production facilities completely.
The specific embodiment
Central idea of the present invention is: by the vibration of electromagnetic vibrator, and the controlled transmission of guide, complete automatic turning and the direction regulation and control of workprint in transport process, make the workprint of finally sending form sequence consensus, the consistent orderly workprint of bending direction, for automatic processing, the production of follow-up shuttlecock are provided convenience.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2, the present invention will be further described:
A kind of pinaculum of badminton automatic feeder equipment of the present invention, comprises percussion mechanism, guide, connecting gear 10, testing agency and controller 13.Wherein, guide is connected on percussion mechanism, percussion mechanism is responsible for workprint to produce electric and magnetic oscillation, and by guide to workprint vibrate transmit in the same way, in order regulation and control, the workprint that connecting gear 10 is responsible for guide to regulate and control, arranged carries out horizontal transmission, and after mechanism checks after testing, finally realize the automatic transmission of workprint to next procedure.During this time, controller 13, as the control axis of whole equipment, manipulates and manages the action of each mechanism, the each system coordination work of assurance equipment.
Above-mentioned each mechanism concrete structure is:
Percussion mechanism comprises vibrating disc 2 and electromagnetic vibrator 1, and vibrating disc 2 is arranged on electromagnetic vibrator 1 top.Vibrating disc 2 be shaped as a tubular, its size according to process velocity and quantity and determine, is beneficial to the vibrating disc 2 of the degree of depth and holds more workprint, is also convenient to workprint free vibration in cylinder.Electromagnetic vibrator 1 adopts electric and magnetic oscillation principle to drive vibrating disc 2 to resonate, and its oscillation frequency can be set and be regulated by the self structure of electromagnetic vibrator 1.
Guide is the edge that is distributed in vibrating disc 2 around shape, and guide guides and transmits workprint in vibration with vibrating disc 2, and complete workprint in the same way, ordered arrangement.Guide comprises the guiding channel 3 and the Transfer pipe 4 that are interconnected, and the pipe reducer being distributed between guiding channel 3 and Transfer pipe 4 is distinguished mechanism.Guiding channel 3 is connected to the inner side at vibrating disc edge, and guiding channel 3 extends to vibrating disc top for spiral uprising shape and by vibrating disc bottom, thereby in resonance, completes workprint by the process that enters guiding channel 3 in vibrating disc 2.It is multiple diagonally distributing at the dividing plate 5 of guiding channel 3 ends that pipe reducer is distinguished mechanism, multiple dividing plates 5 spaces along the direction of transfer ordered arrangement of guiding channel 3, dividing plate 5 is positioned at vibrating disc 2 tops the inner side, edge near vibrating disc 2, dividing plate 5 is provided with oblong openings 6, the outside correspondence of oblong openings 6 is provided with baffle plate 7, baffle plate 7 is for stopping the workprint through oblong openings 6, between oblong openings 6 on baffle plate 7 and dividing plate 5, leave certain spacing, the width of spacing is being as the criterion by the workprint of horizontal positioned.Wherein, along the direction of workprint walking, between the mouth of baffle plate 7 and oblong openings 6, leave workprint outlet, opposite side, the input end of baffle plate 7 seals and is connected in oblong openings 6, thereby the workprint that has guaranteed 5 outputs of multiple dividing plates can forward in order, meanwhile, also can prevent that the workprint of sending in other baffle plate of arrangement in parallel from entering between adjacent screen and corresponding oblong openings again.Transfer pipe 4 is connected in the workprint outlet between baffle plate 7 and oblong openings 6, Transfer pipe 4 is positioned at the outside of dividing plate 5 and oblong openings 6, for making workprint form unidirectional upset in transmission, the shape of cross section of Transfer pipe 4 has been designed to V-arrangement, and V-arrangement Transfer pipe 4 horizontal circle be connected to the edge outside of vibrating disc 2 in the form of a ring.Consequently: in vibration processes, workprint is constantly sent to the Transfer pipe 4 of vibrating disc 2 outers by guiding channel 3 in vibrating disc 2, in the process that completes direction regulation and control, has realized automatically sending of workprint.
Connecting gear 10 is communicated with Transfer pipe 4, and connecting gear 10 is banded horizontal transmission, and it mainly comprises motor, horizontal conveying belt, transmission support etc., and workprint is placed on horizontal conveying belt, and connecting gear 10 is responsible for the external horizontal transmission of workprint that regulation and control are completed.
Testing agency comprises the photoelectric sensor 8, camera 9 and the compressed-air atomizer 11 that are linked in sequence on connecting gear 10, and the blanking bag 12 that be positioned at connecting gear 10 opposite sides relative with compressed-air atomizer 11.Compressed-air atomizer 11 and extraneous compressed air communication, it is responsible for nonconformity workprint to brush, and the nonconformity workprint that blanking bag 12 is blown off for splendid attire, to reclaim and again utilize.
Controller 13 respectively with photoelectric sensor 8, camera 9, compressed-air atomizer 11, electromagnetic vibrator 1 and connecting gear 10 signal communication, controller 13 is control axis of whole equipment, it is responsible for controlling each mechanism and parts co-ordination.
For above-mentioned concrete structure, below a kind of pinaculum of badminton automatic feeding method of the present invention is described in further detail:
First, control and open photoelectric sensor 8, camera 9, electromagnetic vibrator 1 and connecting gear 10 by controller 13, make equipment enter mode of operation, then, workprint is poured in the vibrating disc 2 of electromagnetic vibrator 1.
Workprint because adopting electromagentic resonance (EMR) principle, electromagnetic vibrator 1 drive vibrating disc 2 to vibrate, therefore in resonance process, can be drawn close to the edge of tubular vibrating disc 2 gradually.
Then, utilize electromagentic resonance (EMR) and vibrating disc 2 edges spiral guiding channel 3 from inside to outside, make workprint in vibration processes, form orderly motion upwards, forward, thereby workprint has been sent in order to the top of vibrating disc 2 by the bottom of vibrating disc 2.
Then, multiple oblong openings 6 on the multiple dividing plates 5 that diagonally distribute by guiding channel end are carried out large and small head screening to vibration workprint forward, wherein, the preceding workprint of microcephaly can pass oblong openings 6 smoothly, and sent by the workprint outlet between baffle plate 7 and oblong openings 6, large workprint is headfirst subject to the impact of feather cannot pass oblong openings 6, thereby again drops in vibrating disc 2.
Because baffle plate 7 and oblong openings 6 are multiple, therefore, large quantities of through guiding channel 3 rise and come workprint can be shunted fast, and, the connection mode of baffle plate 7 can effectively prevent the contingent situation about again entering adjacent screen and corresponding oblong openings of the workprint after oblong openings 6, has guaranteed carrying out in order of the large and small head screening of workprint and shunting transport process.
Follow again, enter into the 4 continuation vibrations of V-arrangement Transfer pipe through the little workprint headfirst after oblong openings 6 and advance.
Because the shape of cross section of Transfer pipe 4 is V-arrangement, workprint is all edge-on state in V-arrangement Transfer pipe 4, less stable, add that Transfer pipe 4 is for annular distribution, be subject to the impact of workprint self bending direction and weight, in vibration processes, bending direction and ring-type Transfer pipe 4 curve the inconsistent workprint of direction and start automatic turning, and formation curves with Transfer pipe 4 state that direction is consistent, thereby complete the bending direction adjustment in workprint transport process, simultaneously, because Transfer pipe 4 is positioned at the edge outside of vibrating disc 2, therefore, the workprint that is positioned at vibrating disc 2 is progressively sent to outside vibrating disc 2, installation and the linking of follow-up equipment are facilitated.
Follow again, be fed in the horizontal conveying belt of connecting gear 10 towards the workprint consistent, bending direction is consistent, by photoelectric sensor fixing on connecting gear 10 8, workprint position is responded to, induction information is sent in controller 13, and the corresponding control camera 9 of controller 13 is taken pictures to workprint collection.
Finally, controller 13 is by analyzing image, identifies workprint pros and cons, just touches the pillow, the parameter such as overlapping, quantity, speed, guarantees that qualified workprint sends automatically, and workprint automatic feeding completes.Nonconformity workprint utilizes compressed-air atomizer 11 to carry out moment to workprint to brush, make nonconformity workprint fall into correspondingly blanking port 12, after again reclaiming, again utilizes.
Whole process is automatically carried out completely under the control of controller 13, no longer needs manual the putting of workprint one by one of carrying out, and the workprint direction sent is consistent, angle of bend is identical, has effectively guaranteed follow-up effective use of planting mao process.