CN102657560B - Ruler for measuring visual widths of teeth - Google Patents

Ruler for measuring visual widths of teeth Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102657560B
CN102657560B CN 201210146947 CN201210146947A CN102657560B CN 102657560 B CN102657560 B CN 102657560B CN 201210146947 CN201210146947 CN 201210146947 CN 201210146947 A CN201210146947 A CN 201210146947A CN 102657560 B CN102657560 B CN 102657560B
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scale
width
visual
measurement
probe
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CN 201210146947
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102657560A (en )
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李鸿波
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中国人民解放军总医院
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Abstract

本发明公开一种牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其包括HE平面板,在HE平面板上表面的近前端边缘处设置支撑立柱,支撑立柱通过关节与连接柱相连,连接柱上设有基尺,基尺上标有刻度,在基尺上设有可滑动的指示刻度的探针。 The present invention discloses a tooth width measurement visual scale, which comprises a flat plate HE, supporting post disposed at the front end edge of the board near the plane of the surface of the HE, the support posts are connected by a joint to the connecting post, the attachment post is provided with feet group, group on a graduated scale, the probe is provided with an indication scale slidable on the base foot. 通过本发明提供的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,操作容易,使用便利,测量结果准确,可以准确测量牙齿的视觉宽度,特别是前牙的视觉宽度,美学宽度的装置,利于医师临床修复工作的进行和准确评估,使得修复后的上颌前牙及前磨牙的视觉宽度达到协调、美观。 Dental Vision width measurement scale provided by the present invention, easy operation, ease of use, accurate measurement result, accurate measurement of tooth visual width, in particular means the visual width of the front teeth, the aesthetic width conducive to the clinical repair work of physicians and accurate assessment of such anterior maxillary premolars and the visual width after repair reaches coordination aesthetic.

Description

牙视觉宽度测量尺 Visual tooth width measurement scale

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及测量仪器,具体涉及测量牙齿视觉宽度的测量仪器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a measuring instrument, particularly to measure the width of the teeth vision measuring instrument.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着人们对视觉形象的追求,牙齿美容也成为众多人关注的目标。 [0002] As people's pursuit of the visual image, cosmetic dental also become the target of many people's attention.

[0003] 前牙缺失必定带来美观问题,上前牙缺失对美观的影响更为严重,关于上前牙美学修复的研究成为口腔医学探求的目标。 [0003] anterior region will bring aesthetic problem and tried to tooth loss affect the appearance of more serious study of the aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth become the target of oral medicine to explore. [0004] 在临床牙齿美学修复,特别是前牙美学修复过程中,牙齿的视觉宽度,特别是上颌中切牙、侧切牙、尖牙(对于口裂较大人群的第一、第二前磨牙)的正面视觉宽度比例对于修复后外观效果影响甚大。 [0004] In clinical aesthetic dental restoration, in particular during the aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth, tooth width vision, especially maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors, canines (for the first, second front gape larger population molar ) the ratio of the width of the front visual appearance for repair after a great impact. 所谓牙齿的正面视觉宽度,也称为牙齿的美学宽度,是指牙齿在正面的投影宽度。 The so-called visual width of the front teeth, also known as the width of the teeth esthetics, refers to the width of the teeth in the front of the projector.

[0005] 但是在临床工作中,目前尚未见到有商品化的前牙宽度美学测量尺,使得临床工作中医师难以准确测量前牙的正面视觉宽度。 [0005] However, in clinical practice, we have not yet seen the commercial aesthetic anterior width measuring scale, so that the clinical practitioners difficult to accurately measure the width of the front sight front teeth.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 为了解决上述问题,本发明人进行了锐意研究,结果发现:以HE平面板为基板,通过关节设置具有刻度的基尺,在基尺上设置可滑动的指针,由此可以测量牙齿的视觉宽度,进而完成本发明。 [0006] In order to solve the above problems, the present inventors conducted intensive studies, and found that: in the HE flat plate substrate, a group having a graduated scale by a joint, slidably disposed on the base pointer foot, whereby the teeth can be measured visual width, thereby completing the present invention.

[0007] 本发明的目的之一在于提供一种牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其包括HE平面板,在HE平面板上表面的近前端边缘处设置支撑立柱,支撑立柱通过关节与连接柱相连,连接柱上设有基尺,基尺上标有刻度,在基尺上设有可滑动的指示刻度的探针。 [0007] One object of the present invention is to provide a tooth width measurement visual scale, which comprises a flat plate HE, at an edge of the supporting post disposed near the front end surface of the planar plate HE, the support posts are connected by joints and connecting posts, connector column group is provided with feet, based on a graduated scale, the probe is provided with an indication scale slidable on the base foot.

[0008] 本发明的目的之二在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,基尺与HE平面板所确定的平面平行。 [0008] The object of the present invention wherein two of the teeth to provide the above-described visual measurement scale width, wherein the planar base with foot HE determined plane parallel plate.

[0009] 本发明的目的之三在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,支撑立柱通过两个互联的关节与连接柱相连,所述关节为旋转关节。 [0009] A further object of the present invention provides the above visual tooth width measurement scale, wherein the two supporting posts are connected by connecting posts interconnected joints, the joint is a pivot joint.

[0010] 本发明的目的之四在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,在基尺上设有多个指示刻度的探针。 [0010] IV object of the present invention to provide the above-described visual tooth width measurement scale, wherein the probe is provided with a plurality of index scale on the base foot.

[0011] 发明的目的之五在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,探针的长度可以调节。 [0011] Another object of the invention to provide the above-described five teeth vision width measurement scale, wherein the length of the probe can be adjusted.

[0012] 发明的目的之六在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,指示刻度的探针包括能在基尺上滑动的滑动框架,滑动框架通过固定螺丝固定于基尺上,滑动框架上设置用于指示牙齿测量位置的定位指针,在滑动框架上设置用于指示探针在基尺上刻度的刻度指针。 [0012] VI object of the invention to provide the above-described visual tooth width measurement scale, wherein the probe comprises a scale indicating the sliding frame slidable on the base foot by fixing screws on the sliding scale to the base frame, a slide frame is provided for indicating the position measurement location pointer teeth, provided on the slide frame base probes for indicating the scale mark pointer scale.

[0013] 发明的目的之七在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,定位指针为伸缩套管式结构,其长度可以调节。 [0013] VII object of the invention to provide the above-described visual tooth width measurement scale, wherein the pointer is positioned telescoping tube type structure, its length can be adjusted.

[0014] 发明的目的之八在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,定位指针与滑动框架固接,或者定位指针旋转连接于滑动框架上,或者定位指针通过凸凹结构卡合于滑动框架上。 [0014] VIII object of the invention to provide the above-described dental visual widths measurement scale, wherein the location pointer of the slide frame fixed, or the location pointer rotatably connected to the slide frame or the location pointer by the embossed structure and engages on the slide frame .

[0015] 发明的目的之九在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,在基尺上沿水平横向开槽,指示刻度的探针插接于槽中,并用螺丝固定。 [0015] nine object of the invention to provide the above-described visual tooth width measurement scale, wherein the scale base in a horizontal transverse slot, the index scale probe inserted in the groove, and fixed with screws.

[0016] 发明的目的之十在于提供上述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,HE平面板与后牙列的接触区为网格状。 [0016] X. Another object of the invention to provide the above-described visual tooth width measurement scale, wherein, after HE planar sheet contact area of ​​the dentition lattice.

[0017] 使用根据本发明提供的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺时,将HE平面板放入受试者口内,并与牙列及HE平面一致,受试者牙列与HE平面板之间通过腊记录或咬合记录娃橡胶印记相固定,然后调节旋转关节,使得基尺与HE平面板所确定的平面平行,调整指示刻度的探针的位置和长度,使得探针的定位指针分别位于牙齿近远中两侧的接触点,根据定位指针的刻度读数即可计算得到牙齿的视觉宽度值。 [0017] When using the tooth width measurement scale vision provided by the present invention, the flat plate HE mouth into the subject, and consistent with the dentition and HE plane through the subject between the dentition and the wax HE recording plane of the plate baby bite registration mark or rubber is fixed, and then adjusting the rotational joint, such that a plane parallel to the plane of the base plate HE ruler and the determined scale indicating the adjustment position and length of the probe, the probe location pointer so that the teeth are located near the distal both sides of the contact points, to calculate a visual tooth width value according to the scale reading location pointer.

[0018] 通过本发明提供的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,操作容易,使用便利,测量结果准确,可以准确测量牙齿的视觉宽度,特别是前牙的视觉宽度,美学宽度的装置,利于医师临床修复工作的进行和准确评估,使得修复后的上颌前牙及前磨牙的视觉宽度达到协调、美观。 [0018] Dental Vision width measurement scale provided by the present invention, easy operation, ease of use, accurate measurement result, accurate measurement of tooth visual width, in particular means the visual width of the front teeth, the aesthetic width conducive about clinical repair work and accurate assessment performed, so that the anterior maxillary premolars and the visual width after repair reaches coordination aesthetic. 根据需要,本发明提供的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺还可以用于准确测量牙齿的实际近远中向宽度。 If necessary, the tooth width measurement visual scale of the present invention may also be provided for accurately measuring the actual mesio-distal width of a tooth.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图1示出根据本发明优选实施方式的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺的结构示意图。 [0019] Figure 1 shows a schematic configuration of the measuring tape according to the width of the teeth visually preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0020] 图2示出根据本发明优选实施方式的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺的基尺和指示刻度的探针的结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 2 shows a schematic structure of the scale and the index scale probe substrate measuring scale according to the width of the teeth visually preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0021] 图3示出据本发明优选实施方式的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺的基尺和指示刻度的探针的剖面结构示意图。 [0021] FIG. 3 shows a schematic cross-sectional structure of the probe of the tooth width of the visual embodiment of the present invention, a preferred embodiment of the measuring scale indicating the group scale according to scale.

[0022] 图4示出示出据本发明优选实施方式的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺的指示刻度的探针的结构示意图。 [0022] FIG 4 illustrates a schematic diagram showing that a structure of the probe according to the index scale tooth width visually preferred embodiment of the present invention, the measurement scale.

[0023] 图5示出示出据本发明优选实施方式的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺的指示刻度的探针的剖面结构示意图。 [0023] FIG. 5 shows a schematic cross-sectional structure of the probe to produce a visual indication of the scale of a tooth width measurement scale preferred embodiment of the invention according to the present embodiment.

[0024] 附图标记说明 [0024] REFERENCE NUMERALS

[0025] 1-探针 [0025] 1- probe

[0026] 2-基尺 [0026] 2- yl feet

[0027] 3-旋转关节 [0027] 3- rotary joint

[0028] 4-HE 平面板 [0028] 4-HE plane plate

[0029] 5-滑动框架 [0029] 5- slide frame

[0030] 6-固定螺丝 [0030] 6- setscrew

[0031] 7-刻度指针 [0031] 7- mark pointer

[0032] 8-正中指针 [0032] 8- middle pointer

[0033] 9-网格状接触区 [0033] 9- grid-like contact region

[0034] 31-支撑立柱 [0034] 31- supporting post

[0035] 33-连接柱具体实施方式 [0035] DETAILED DESCRIPTION connecting posts 33

[0036] 以下通过参照附图,通过优选的实施方式对本发明进行详细说明,本发明的特点和优点将随着这些说明而变得更为清楚、明确。 [0036] By the following reference to the drawings, the present invention will be described in detail by preferred embodiments, features and advantages of the present invention will be described as these become more clear and precise.

[0037] 在本发明中,HE平面板4即是常用的口腔HE平面板,即与HE平面一致的导板,其结构如图1所示。 [0037] In the present invention, i.e. HE flat plate 4 is commonly used oral HE flat plate, i.e., the same plane with HE guide plate shown in Figure 1. HE平面是代表上下颌牙齿咬合平面的平面,通过HE平面板可以将牙齿视觉宽度测量尺固定于受试者牙齿上。 HE plane of the mandibular occlusal plane of the teeth, on behalf of, the tooth width may be visual measurement scale is fixed to the subject tooth by HE planar sheet. 通过旋转关节3,可以任意调苄基尺的方向,在测量时,调节旋转关节使得基尺与HE平面板所确定的平面平行或者使得HE平面板与受试者双眼瞳孔连线平行,即可准确测量牙齿的视觉宽度。 3 directions may be arbitrarily adjusted by rotating benzyl foot joints, in the measurement of rotation rate adjusted such that the joint plane of the base and foot plate HE determined plane parallel plate or the plane of the subject so that HE pupil eyes parallel connection can accurate measurement of visual teeth width.

[0038] 为了便于受试者咬合固定HE平面板,在优选的实施方式中,HE平面板与后牙列的接触区设置为网格状接触区9,如图1所示,这样咬合用的蜡或硅胶能够更好地粘合固定HE平面板,进而固定受试者牙齿与测量尺的相对位置。 [0038] In order to facilitate fixing nip subject HE plane plate, in a preferred embodiment, the flat plate and the rear HE dentition contact region is disposed in a grid-like contact area 9, shown in Figure 1, this engagement with wax or silicone to better adhere HE fixing the flat plate, thereby fixing the relative position of the teeth of the subject of measurement scale.

[0039] 在本发明中,支撑立柱31用来将基尺2和关节3等支撑固定于HE平面板I上。 [0039] In the present invention, the supporting post 31 to the base 2 and the foot joint 3 is fixed to a support such as a flat plate HE I. 支撑立柱31设置于HE平面板近前端边缘处,使得当受试者咬合HE平面板时,支撑立柱31及其上连接的基尺等处于受试者牙齿前方。 Supporting post 31 is provided at an edge of the planar plate near the front end HE, HE such that when the subject occlusal plane plate, supporting post 31 and the like on the group scale is connected to a front tooth subject.

[0040] 在本发明中,作为关节3,优选使用旋转关节,其可以沿任意方向、任意角度旋转,从而灵活、准确地调苄基尺的方位。 [0040] In the present invention, as the joint 3, preferably using a rotary joint, which can be moved in any direction at any angle of rotation, flexibly, and accurately adjust the orientation benzyl feet. 在优选的实施方式中,使用两个旋转关节。 In a preferred embodiment, two rotary joints.

[0041] 在本发明中,作为基尺2,可以使用具有一定宽度和厚度的具有刻度的尺子,尺子形状优选为长方体形状,如图1中所示。 [0041] In the present invention, as the group 2 feet, with a ruler scale may be used having a certain width and thickness, ruler shape is preferably a rectangular parallelepiped shape, as shown in FIG. 基尺的作用是多方面的,不仅可以调节测量方向,而且可以固定探针, 还可以指示探针的刻度读数从而计算得出牙齿的视觉宽度。 Yl foot is multifaceted, not only can adjust the direction of measurement and can be fixed to the probe, the probe may also indicate the scale reading thus calculated visual tooth width.

[0042] 在本发明中,指示刻度的探针I设置于基尺2上。 [0042] In the present invention, the probe indicating scale provided on the base scale I 2. 将探针I设置于基尺2上的方式有多种,例如,可以在基尺上设置能滑动的滑动框架5,滑动框架5通过固定螺丝6固定于基尺2上,滑动框架5上设置用于指示牙齿测量位置的定位指针,在滑动框架上设置用于指示探针在基尺上刻度的刻度指针7,如图1、图2、图3和图4中所示;也可以在基尺上沿水平横向开槽,指示刻度的探针插接于槽中,并用螺丝固定。 I probe is provided in a variety of ways on the substrate 2 feet, for example, may be provided in the slide frame 5 can slide on the base foot, the slide frame 5 is fixed by fixing screws to the 6-foot-2-yl, 5 is provided on the slide frame positioning a pointer for indicating a position of the teeth measured in the slide frame is provided for indicating probe based on the vernier scale mark pointer 7, FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3 and FIG. 4; the group may be scale along the horizontal transverse slot, indicated probes inserted in a tank scale, and fixed with screws.

[0043] 在使用滑动框架的情况下,可以通过多种方式将定位指针设置于滑动框架上,例如,可以将定位指针一体化固接于滑动框架上,或者将定位指针旋转连接于滑动框架上,或者定位指针通过凸凹结构卡合于滑动框架上,如图5所示。 [0043] In the case where the slide frame, through a variety of ways the pointer is positioned is provided on the sliding frame, for example, the pointer can be positioned on the sliding integration fixed frame, or the location pointer rotatably connected to the slide frame or the location pointer engaged on the slide frame, as shown in FIG embossed structure by the card.

[0044] 在本发明中,探针I用于确定牙齿的测量位置,一般通过将探针末端接触牙齿的测量位置,如两颗牙齿的邻接点位置,诸如近中接触点、远中接触点等。 [0044] In the present invention, measuring probes for determining the I position of the teeth, typically by contact measurement probe tip position of the teeth, such as two teeth adjacent position, such as near the point of contact, the contact point of the distal Wait. 测量时,对于不同的牙齿,其与基尺的距离不同,因此优选探针的长度可以根据需要调节。 Measuring, for different teeth, which differ from the foot base, the length of the probe may be preferably adjusted according to need.

[0045] 在优选的实施方式中,定位指针为伸缩套管式结构,从而调节长度。 [0045] In a preferred embodiment, the pointer is positioned telescoping tube structure, so as to adjust the length.

[0046] 在本发明中,指示刻度的探针可以在基尺上滑动,测量时,探针分别指示一颗牙齿两侧的测量位置刻度,通过计算即可得到牙齿的视觉宽度。 [0046] In the present invention, the index scale probes may be slid on the base scale, measuring probe position measuring scale indicating the respective sides of a tooth, the tooth can be obtained by calculating the visual width. 为了便于读数指针的刻度,在优选的实施方式中,在基尺中央设置固定的正中指针8,其刻度数设为0,在其两侧设置多个可移动的探针,如图2所示, In order to facilitate the reading of the pointer scale, in a preferred embodiment, is provided in the central stationary pointer middle foot 8 group, the number scale to 0, provided on both sides thereof a plurality of movable probes, shown in Figure 2 ,

[0047] 以上结合具体实施方式对本发明进行了详细说明,不过这些实施方式均为范例性的,并不对本发明的保护范围构成限制,本领域技术人员理解,在不超出本发明精神和范围的情况下,可以对本发明的技术方案及其实施方式进行多种等价的替换、修改或改进,这些均在本发明的保护范围内。 [0047] with reference to specific embodiments of the present invention has been described in detail, but these embodiments are exemplary, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, those skilled in the art understand, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention case, may make various equivalent substitutions aspect of the present invention and its embodiments, modifications or improvements, which are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其包括HE平面板,在HE平面板上表面的近前端边缘处设置支撑立柱,支撑立柱通过关节与连接柱相连,连接柱上设有基尺,基尺上标有刻度,在基尺上设有可滑动的指示刻度的探针及探针固定装置, 其中, 所述探针的长度可以调节, 所述指示刻度的探针包括能在基尺上滑动的滑动框架,滑动框架通过固定螺丝固定于基尺上,滑动框架上设置用于指示牙齿测量位置的定位指针,在滑动框架上设置用于指示探针在基尺上刻度的刻度指针, 所述定位指针为伸缩套管式结构,其长度可以调节。 A tooth width measurement visual scale, which comprises a flat plate HE, supporting post disposed at the front end edge of the board near the plane of the surface of the HE, the support posts are connected by a joint to the connecting post, the attachment post is provided with foot group, group scale marked on the scale with a scale indicating the slidable probe and probe immobilization means on the base foot, wherein the length of the probe can be adjusted, the probe indicating scale can slide on the base comprises a foot the slide frame, the slide frame by fixing screws on the scale base, the slide frame is provided in the measurement position for indicating the location pointer of teeth, the slide frame is provided for indicating the probe mark pointer on the scale of the base scale, the pointer is positioned telescoping tube type structure, its length can be adjusted.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,在测量时基尺与HE平面板所确定的平面平行。 Visual tooth according to claim 1, the width of the measurement scale, wherein the scale in the measurement plane and the base plane of the plate determined HE parallel.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,支撑立柱通过两个互联的关节与连接柱相连,所述关节为旋转关节。 Visual tooth according to claim 1, the width of the measurement scale, wherein the two supporting posts are connected by connecting posts interconnected joints, the joint is a pivot joint.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,在基尺上设有多个指示刻度的探针。 Visual tooth according to claim 1, the width of the measurement scale, wherein the probe is provided with a plurality of index scale on the base foot.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1-4中任一项所述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,定位指针与滑动框架固接,或者定位指针旋转连接于滑动框架上,或者定位指针通过凸凹结构卡合于滑动框架上。 According to any of the teeth 1-4 of the visual width of a measurement scale, wherein the positioning frame is fixed to the slide pointer, or a pointer positioned rotatably connected to the slide frame or the location pointer structure as claimed in claim punch engages by slides on the frame.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1-4中任一项所述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,在基尺上沿水平横向开槽,指示刻度的探针插接于槽中,并用螺丝固定。 The tooth width measurement visual scale of one of claims 1-4, wherein the foot on the base along a horizontal transverse slot, the index scale probe inserted in the groove, and fixed with screws.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1-4中任一项所述的牙齿视觉宽度测量尺,其中,HE平面板与后牙列的接触区为网格状。 The tooth width measurement visual scale of 1-4 according to any one of claims, wherein, after HE planar sheet contact area of ​​the dentition lattice.
CN 201210146947 2012-05-11 2012-05-11 Ruler for measuring visual widths of teeth CN102657560B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5176516A (en) 1990-09-26 1993-01-05 Masayuki Koizumi Instrument for measuring a remaining alveolar bone
CN2131485Y (en) 1992-07-26 1993-05-05 王榜全 Special measuring ruler for restoration of mouth cavity
JP2000042010A (en) 1998-07-27 2000-02-15 Atsukatsu Himeshima Occlusal plane measuring instrument
US6413085B1 (en) 2001-02-20 2002-07-02 Panadent Corporation System for improving the appearance of teeth
WO2011083932A3 (en) 2010-01-11 2011-11-03 Choi Young Jin Angle-indicating film holder for intraoral radiography, and disposable component for the film holder

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5176516A (en) 1990-09-26 1993-01-05 Masayuki Koizumi Instrument for measuring a remaining alveolar bone
CN2131485Y (en) 1992-07-26 1993-05-05 王榜全 Special measuring ruler for restoration of mouth cavity
JP2000042010A (en) 1998-07-27 2000-02-15 Atsukatsu Himeshima Occlusal plane measuring instrument
US6413085B1 (en) 2001-02-20 2002-07-02 Panadent Corporation System for improving the appearance of teeth
WO2011083932A3 (en) 2010-01-11 2011-11-03 Choi Young Jin Angle-indicating film holder for intraoral radiography, and disposable component for the film holder

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