CN102653991B - Raised type turnable concrete bearing part with template function and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Raised type turnable concrete bearing part with template function and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102653991B
CN102653991B CN201210047627.3A CN201210047627A CN102653991B CN 102653991 B CN102653991 B CN 102653991B CN 201210047627 A CN201210047627 A CN 201210047627A CN 102653991 B CN102653991 B CN 102653991B
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bearing
steel plate
force
construction
bearing steel
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CN102653991A (en
Inventor
张琨
黄刚
王开强
吴延宏
王辉
邓伟华
周鹏华
陈波
李迪
王健
张�杰
蓝晓木
刘威
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China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a raised type turnable concrete bearing part with a template function and a construction method thereof. The bearing part is connected with a wall body. The bearing part comprises a bearing steel plate and at least four horizontal tie threaded rods, wherein the bearing steel plate is arranged at a raised part at the bearing side of the wall body, and the horizontal tie threaded rods are used for connecting the bearing steel plate and the wall body; the back face of the bearing steel plate is provided with at least one sunk part which can be buckled with the raised part; the sunk part and the raised part are completely the same in shape and size; a supporting seat extending outwards is welded to the front face of the bearing steel plate corresponding to the sunk part; the at least four horizontal tie threaded rods are symmetrically connected to the periphery of the bearing steel plate and tightened by nuts; and anchoring ends are arranged at the inner ends of the horizontal tie threaded rods. According to the raised type turnable concrete bearing part with the template function, the disadvantages of the existing support member of heavy equipment that the layout is limited to the internal structure of a supporting wall body, the original structural design of the wall body is changed, the workload of design and check is increased, the subsequent construction cost is high, the engineering quantity is large, and the like, are overcome, and the raised type turnable concrete bearing part can be widely applied to the supporting of the heavy equipment.

Description

The convex type with template function can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member and construction method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of bearing member and construction method thereof of jumbo, particularly a kind of bearing member and construction method thereof of having enough to meet the need use.
Background technology
In concrete structure construction process, often need to there is heavy large-tonnage bearing member to support the jumboes such as tower crane, elevator, conventionally the working measure adopting is pre-buried overhanging built-in fitting or by concrete structure body of wall reserved opening, then to reinforcing in concrete structure body of wall.The major defect of above-mentioned two kinds of methods has: first, built-in fitting is steel often, and cannot recycle, and construction cost is high, and especially super highrise building, drops into up to millions of units; Secondly, no matter be pre-buried embedded part or reserved opening, especially construction unit stays the hole of establishing specially, often needs to change the structure design of original structure, for fear of potential safety hazard, needs designing unit again to check, simultaneously, in order to meet supporting requirement, Zhi Chengqian need to reinforce after finishing with construction and need hole to fill up hole, the height of taking a lot of work of constructing, program is complicated, and the cycle is long; Moreover the setting position at built-in fitting and hole is subject to the restriction of the form of structure of concrete structure body of wall own, arrange it is not very flexible.Therefore seek a kind of simply, the form of structure of the bearing member of the great tonnage equipment of economic security practicality has also just become a problem of the realm of building construction.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of convex type with template function and can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member and construction method thereof, solve existing jumbo supporting limited to built-in fitting and hole setting position to the structural damage of body of wall own by the mode of reserved opening on supporting body of wall, and after construction, follow-up hole renewal expense is high, the technical problem of program complexity.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of convex type with template function can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, with wall connecting, it comprise be positioned at the force-bearing steel plate of body of wall load side lug boss with for being connected the horizontal drawknot screw of force-bearing steel plate and body of wall, there is at least one recess that can fasten with described lug boss at the back side of described force-bearing steel plate, the shape of this recess and lug boss, size is identical, the front of force-bearing steel plate is welded with outwardly directed bearing at the position corresponding with recess, described horizontal drawknot screw has four at least, symmetry is connected to the surrounding of force-bearing steel plate, and by nut fastening, there is anchoring termination the inner of described horizontal drawknot screw.
Described force-bearing steel plate and nut between be lined with pad .
Described bearing is bracket shape or π shape.
Described anchoring termination is backboard and the nut that is anchored at body of wall lug boss back surface or be anchored at backboard and the nut of body of wall inside , or the anchor fluke in being inserted in wall concrete, described anchor fluke be shaped as 1 font, J-shaped, T font, cross or claw type.
Described backboard and nut between be lined with pad .
Described lug boss both sides are provided with baffle plate, and described baffle plate is vertical with force-bearing steel plate.
The described convex type with template function can have enough to meet the need the construction method of concrete bearing member, and step is as follows:
Step 1, construction body of wall is to the bottom surface of first bearing position, and the reinforcing bar of construction body of wall bearing position is intended in colligation;
Step 2, at the front load of intending construction body of wall bearing position body of wall, be sidelong the force-bearing steel plate of putting with recess, surrounding by horizontal drawknot screw through force-bearing steel plate, the anchoring termination of horizontal drawknot screw the inner is placed in the back side of the body of wall of intending construction, and outwardly directed bearing is welded at the position corresponding with recess in the front of force-bearing steel plate;
Step 3, builds the concrete of first bearing position of body of wall, forms lug boss, and the recess on described lug boss and force-bearing steel plate fastens mutually;
Step 4, nut is passed through in the end of exposing of horizontal drawknot screw force-bearing steel plate and body of wall is fastening;
Step 5, will be supported object and be bearing on bearing, and upwards continue construction body of wall;
Step 6, after being supported object and removing, removes with the force-bearing steel plate of bearing and backboard and the nut that is anchored at body of wall lug boss back surface , and move to the next bearing position of intending construction body of wall;
Step 7, repeats above-mentioned steps one to six, until wall construction completes.
Compared with prior art the present invention has following characteristics and beneficial effect:
First, by concrete wall rat with the groove shapes of groove steel plate, mate, form profile of tooth and be connected, the type of attachment of gear type, makes stress performance better like this.
Secondly, by by concrete wall rat, thereby realize most of power, by the concrete of protruding part, born, do not change the design of former concrete main body structure, avoided secondary proof.
Moreover the protruding concrete blinding that also can doublely do outside carrying with protruding concrete interlock consequence load with the steel plate of groove, without template being set separately in raised position, so having reduced workload and has saved again template in work progress.
Also have, the flexible form of the horizontal drawknot bolt of this bearing member is various, can be to drawing member, also can be that other level is to primary structure member, can use the high strength steel members such as Screw arbor with nut at both-ends, steel pipe through body of wall, and when body of wall is thicker, also can in body of wall, buries steel member underground or pull bar is directly fixed on and on reinforcing cage, is used to provide horizontal force.
The convex type that the present invention has a template function can have enough to meet the need steelwork component and girt in concrete bearing member can be dismantled, and repeatedly uses, and turnover rate is greatly improved, thereby also can reduce costs and economize on resources.
Finally, concrete bossing can require to make various shapes by the decoration when using, and in the groove with groove steel plate, scribe word or pattern, after not only having constructed without increasing additional process, also can complete the decoration in hoistway in the structure construction stage simultaneously, reduce structure integral construction cost and trimming cost.
The present invention can be widely used in the load-carrying member in elevator, tower crane construction.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described in detail.
Fig. 1 is embodiment mono-elevation.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is embodiment bis-elevations.
Fig. 5 is the C-C sectional view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the D-D sectional view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is embodiment tri-elevations.
Fig. 8 is the E-E sectional view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the F-F sectional view of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is embodiment tetra-elevations.
Figure 11 is the G-G sectional view of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the H-H sectional view of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is embodiment five elevations.
Figure 14 is the I-I sectional view of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the J-J sectional view of Figure 14.
Figure 16 is embodiment six elevations.
Figure 17 is the K-K sectional view of Figure 16.
Figure 18 is the L-L sectional view of Figure 17.
Figure 19 is that the present invention uses state diagram elevation.
Figure 20 is the M-M sectional view of Figure 19.
Figure 21 is the N-N sectional view of Figure 20.
Reference numeral: 1-force-bearing steel plate, 1.1-recess, 2-baffle plate, the horizontal drawknot screw of 3-, 4-nut , 5-pad , 6-bearing, 7-body of wall, 7.1-lug boss, 8-backboard, 9-nut , 10-pad , 11-anchor fluke.
the specific embodiment
Embodiment mono-is referring to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of convex type with template function can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, be connected with body of wall 7, it comprise be positioned at the force-bearing steel plate 1 of body of wall 7 load side lug bosses 7.1 with for being connected the horizontal drawknot screw 3 of force-bearing steel plate 1 and body of wall 7, there is at least one recess 1.1 that can fasten with described lug boss 7.1 at the back side of described force-bearing steel plate 1, the shape of this recess and lug boss 7.1, size is identical, the front of force-bearing steel plate 1 is welded with outwardly directed bearing 6 at the position corresponding with recess, described horizontal drawknot screw 3 has four at least, symmetry is connected to the surrounding of force-bearing steel plate 1, and by nut 4 is fastening, and there is anchoring termination the inner of described horizontal drawknot screw.Described horizontal drawknot screw 3 is Screw arbor with nut at both-ends, and described anchoring termination is backboard 8 and the nut that is anchored at body of wall 7 lug boss back surface 9, described backboard 8 and nut the complete dismountable recycling of 9 construction; Described backboard 8 and nut 9 also can be anchored at body of wall 7 inside, now non-disconnectable.Described force-bearing steel plate 1 and nut between 4, be lined with pad 5.Described bearing 6 is bracket shape or π shape.Described backboard 8 and nut between 9, be lined with pad 10.Described lug boss 7.1 be shaped as elongated rectangle, better for lug boss 7.1 and recess 1.1 mutual interlocks, rectangular limit can be used as inclined-plane.In order to prevent that concrete from overflowing, described lug boss 7.1 both sides are provided with baffle plate 2, and described baffle plate 2 is vertical with force-bearing steel plate 1.
Embodiment bis-is referring to shown in Fig. 4 to Fig. 6, different from embodiment mono-, described lug boss 7.1 be shaped as square placed in the middle, now without the baffle plate 2 that prevents that concrete from overflowing.
Embodiment tri-is referring to shown in Fig. 7 to Fig. 9, different from embodiment mono-, described lug boss 7.1 be shaped as circle placed in the middle, now without the baffle plate 2 that prevents that concrete from overflowing.
Embodiment tetra-is referring to shown in Figure 10 to Figure 12, different from embodiment mono-is, described horizontal drawknot screw 3 is short screw, and described anchoring termination is the anchor fluke 11 in being inserted in wall concrete, described anchor fluke 11 be shaped as 1 font, J-shaped, T font, cross or claw type.
Embodiment five is referring to shown in Figure 13 to Figure 15, different from embodiment mono-, described lug boss 7.1 be shaped as elongated rectangle.Horizontal drawknot screw 3 is short screw, and described anchoring termination is the anchor fluke 11 in being inserted in wall concrete, described anchor fluke 11 be shaped as 1 font, J-shaped, T font, cross or claw type.
Embodiment six is referring to shown in Figure 16 to Figure 18, different from embodiment mono-, described bearing 6 for the pattern of otic placode be bracket.
In above-described embodiment, the shape of described lug boss 7.1 also can be the polygons such as ellipse or rhombus.In addition, in actual use, the use capable of being combined of above-mentioned bearing member.
The described convex type with template function can have enough to meet the need the construction method of concrete bearing member, and referring to Figure 19~21, its step is as follows:
Step 1, construction body of wall 7 is to the bottom surface of first bearing position, and the reinforcing bar of construction body of wall bearing position is intended in colligation;
Step 2, at the front load of intending construction body of wall bearing position body of wall, be sidelong the force-bearing steel plate 1 of putting with recess 1.1, surrounding by horizontal drawknot screw 3 through force-bearing steel plate 1, the anchoring termination of horizontal drawknot screw 3 the inners is placed in the back side of the body of wall 7 of intending construction, and outwardly directed bearing 6 is welded in the front of force-bearing steel plate 1 at the position corresponding with recess;
Step 3, builds the concrete of body of wall 7 first bearing positions, forms lug boss 7.1, and described lug boss 7.1 fastens mutually with the recess 1.1 on force-bearing steel plate 1;
Step 4, nut is passed through in the end of exposing of horizontal drawknot screw 3 4 is fastening by force-bearing steel plate 1 and body of wall 7;
Step 5, will be supported object and be bearing on bearing 6, and upwards continue construction body of wall 7;
Step 6, after being supported object and removing, removes with the force-bearing steel plate 1 of bearing 6 and backboard 8 and the nut that is anchored at body of wall 7 lug boss back surface 9, and move to the next bearing position of intending construction body of wall;
Step 7, repeats above-mentioned steps one to six, until body of wall 7 has been constructed.
The force-bearing steel plate of above-mentioned adjacent supporting portion is that a monoblock steel plate or each bearing position arrange separately one.
Described supported part is jumbo, mainly refers to tower crane and elevator etc.

Claims (7)

1. a convex type with template function can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, be connected with body of wall (7), it is characterized in that: it comprise be positioned at the force-bearing steel plate (1) of body of wall (7) load side lug boss (7.1) with for being connected the horizontal drawknot screw (3) of force-bearing steel plate (1) and body of wall (7), there is at least one recess (1.1) that can fasten with described lug boss (7.1) at the back side of described force-bearing steel plate (1), the shape of this recess and lug boss (7.1), size is identical, the front of force-bearing steel plate (1) is welded with outwardly directed bearing (6) at the position corresponding with recess, described horizontal drawknot screw (3) has four at least, symmetry is connected to the surrounding of force-bearing steel plate (1), and fastening by nut I (4), there is anchoring termination the inner of described horizontal drawknot screw.
2. the convex type with template function according to claim 1 can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, it is characterized in that: between described force-bearing steel plate (1) and nut I (4), be lined with pad I (5).
3. the convex type with template function according to claim 1 and 2 can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, it is characterized in that: described bearing (6) is bracket shape or π shape.
4. the convex type with template function according to claim 1 and 2 can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, it is characterized in that: described anchoring termination is to be anchored at backboard (8) and the nut II (9) of body of wall (7) lug boss back surface or to be anchored at body of wall (7) inner backboard (8) and nut II (9), or the anchor fluke in being inserted in wall concrete (11), described anchor fluke (11) be shaped as 1 font, J-shaped, T font, cross or claw type.
5. the convex type with template function according to claim 4 can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, it is characterized in that: between described backboard (8) and nut II (9), be lined with pad II (10).
6. the convex type with template function according to claim 4 can have enough to meet the need concrete bearing member, it is characterized in that: described lug boss (7.1) both sides are provided with baffle plate (2), and described baffle plate (2) is vertical with force-bearing steel plate (1).
7. the convex type with template function described in claim 4 or 5 can have enough to meet the need a construction method for concrete bearing member, it is characterized in that: step is as follows:
Step 1, construction body of wall (7) is to intending construction bottom surface, body of wall bearing member position, and the reinforcing bar of construction body of wall bearing position is intended in colligation;
Step 2, at the front load of intending construction body of wall bearing position body of wall, be sidelong the force-bearing steel plate (1) of putting band recess (1.1), surrounding by horizontal drawknot screw (3) through force-bearing steel plate (1), the backboard (8) that horizontal drawknot screw (3) is inner and nut II are placed in the back side of the body of wall (7) of intending construction, and outwardly directed bearing (6) is welded in the front of force-bearing steel plate (1) at the position corresponding with recess;
Step 3, builds the concrete of body of wall (7) bearing position, forms lug boss (7.1), and described lug boss (7.1) fastens mutually with the recess (1.1) on force-bearing steel plate (1);
Step 4, horizontal drawknot screw (3) to expose end fastening by force-bearing steel plate (1) and body of wall (7) by nut I (4);
Step 5, will be supported object and be bearing in bearing (6) above, and upwards continue construction body of wall (7);
Step 6, after being supported object and removing, removes the force-bearing steel plate (1) of band bearing (6) and backboard (8) and the nut II (9) that is anchored at body of wall (7) lug boss back surface, and moves to the next bearing position of intending construction body of wall;
Step 7, repeats above-mentioned steps one to six, until body of wall (7) has been constructed.
CN201210047627.3A 2012-02-28 2012-02-28 Raised type turnable concrete bearing part with template function and construction method thereof Active CN102653991B (en)

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CN103572973B (en) * 2013-11-11 2015-11-18 江苏翔森建设工程有限公司 Concrete frame trestle is arranged the construction method of steel corbel
CN103950847A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-30 上海建工四建集团有限公司 Buttress reinforcement device of construction hoist and using method of buttress reinforcement device
CN109577643B (en) * 2018-11-16 2020-11-27 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Embedded steel formwork for supporting steel platform and construction method thereof
CN109057321B (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-02-15 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Integral steel platform mould bases super large bearing capacity attached wall system and construction method

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CN1837550A (en) * 2006-04-19 2006-09-27 北京建工一建工程建设有限公司 Profiled template for building and supporting system thereof
CN201686934U (en) * 2010-04-02 2010-12-29 新蒲建设集团有限公司 Bridge supporting frame
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