CN102652488A - Rapid growth method for red maple - Google Patents

Rapid growth method for red maple Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102652488A
CN102652488A CN2011104428058A CN201110442805A CN102652488A CN 102652488 A CN102652488 A CN 102652488A CN 2011104428058 A CN2011104428058 A CN 2011104428058A CN 201110442805 A CN201110442805 A CN 201110442805A CN 102652488 A CN102652488 A CN 102652488A
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root
red maple
red
completely cured
roots
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CN2011104428058A
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CN102652488B (en
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李寿仁
徐中明
付磊
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPE GARDEN ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPE GARDEN ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a rapid growth method for red maples, which comprises the following steps: 1) normally cultivating and managing the red maples in spring and summer so as to ensure the favorable growth of the red maples; 2) removing leaves and leaf stalks of the red maple 20 days before planting in days with the temperature higher than 30 DEG C between June and August, and meanwhile, confirming a broken root circle according to the size of the crown; 3) cutting the roots according to the broken root circle when the leaves and sprouts are plump at the time of seedling lifting; 4) trimming roots with soil balls after the roots are dug out, trimming the cuts of the broken roots to make the cuts flat, and spraying a rooting agent; 5) binding up the mud balls of the roots and the roots together at the main trunk with a rope; 6) immediately spraying a transpiration resisting agent to the tree crown and the main trunk after transplantation; and 7) growing new leaves within 3-8 days after transplantation so as to make the red maple rapidly form a scene. The rapid growth method provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that compared with the natural transplanting method, the rapid growth method for red maples can form a scene about 15 day earlier, and enhance the survival ratio of the seedling by about 20%.

Description

The fast rapid-result scape method of a kind of red maple
Technical field
The present invention relates to the fast rapid-result scape method of a kind of red maple, what be specifically related to is red maple culture technique field.
Background technology
Red maple ( Acer rubrum), be a kind of very beautiful foliage tree kind, its leaf grace, red bright-coloured lasting, the branch preface is neat, well arranged, in picturesque disorder, and tree performance is attractive in appearance, and is merrily and lightheartedly graceful, thereby widely cultivation.Should be arranged in lawn central authorities, ground such as high-lager building front and back, corner, the red autumnal leaves greenery is contrasted finely with each other; It also can be potted plant, and grace is unique. 
The young leaves phase is red, and summer has set in fades to green, during midsummer in the strong environment of illumination red maple leaf end dried-up, be repugnant to the eye, Lao Ye is aubergine all the year round.
In 6-8 month, when day, maximum temperature was greater than 30 ℃, conventional seedling growth survival rate was low, and the maintenance cost is high.Be unfavorable for accomplishing the greening construction task in season of returning.
Red maple, single leaf be alternately to life, the Yu Zhiding of often growing thickly.Leaf bud is a bud under the handle, and behind the priming leaf, leaf bud exposes.Because the red maple behind the priming leaf, branch, stem still carry out photosynthesis, and the growth hormone that plant produces concentrates on the new leaf bud position on branch top, stimulate leaf bud to break up growth fast.When pruning native ball, cut off rot root and long, help to eliminate disease worm source; The big wound of being completely cured is pruned smoothly, be convenient to produce callus.Spray root-growing agent and can induce the formation of root substance, promote cell differentiation and division, help the differentiation of new root generation and fibrovascular system, promote the formation of cutting adventive root; Cobastab 1The healing of place's wound helps to be completely cured; And transpiration inhibitor helps to reduce the plant transpiration, keeps plant moisture, improves the plant transplanting success, thereby impels the fast rapid-result scape of red maple.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is on the basis to red maple plant physiology research, through the variation of external factor, impels the variation of inner functions of hormones position, thereby impels the leaf bud in the coming year to grow in advance, reaches the purpose of the fast rapid-result scape of red maple.
The fast rapid-result scape method of a kind of red maple comprises following sequential steps:
1) at normal cultivating and managing of spring, summer, guarantees red maple well-grown;
2) in 6-8 month, day maximum temperature is during greater than 30 ℃, and before plantation 19-21 days, blade and petiole on the red maple plant are all extractd, be with the scope of root (to be called: the circle of being completely cured) when confirming to transplant according to the tree crown size simultaneously;
3) during lifting, leaf bud is full, at this moment is completely cured according to the circle of being completely cured;
4) prune after root band soil ball is dug out, cut off rot root and long, and the wound of being completely cured that will be big prunes smoothly, spray root-growing agent;
5) with straw rope the mud ball of root system is wrapped up together with the collar position, on trunk, closed up;
6) spray transpiration inhibitor to tree crown and trunk immediately after planting: will dilute transpiration inhibitor after 100 times and combine 0.5% Tween 80 to spray together, to spray the degree of being that do not drip;
7) conventional maintenance management, young leaves was sprouted in 3-8 days in the plantation back, made the fast rapid-result scape of red maple.
Preferably, the circle of being completely cured of said step 2 is more than or equal to 1/5 of tree crown scope.
Preferably, the described circle of being completely cured is to be that annular groove is opened at the center with the trunk.
Preferably, the described annular groove of opening is oblique incision break taproot and big key root.
Preferably, described annular groove width is 28-32cm, the degree of depth that the degree of depth distributes for the main root crowd.
Preferably, the root-growing agent of said step 4 adds the 1mg Cobastab for after diluting 200 times in every liter 1
Preferably, the root-growing agent amount of spraying of said step 4 is that individual plant sprays 800~1000ml.
The beneficial effect of the fast rapid-result scape method of a kind of red maple of the present invention is: adopt the fast rapid-result scape method of this red maple, compare with planting naturally, became scape in advance about about 15 days, improve plant percent about 20%.
Embodiment
Through specific embodiment the present invention is done further explain below, but be not restriction protection domain of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
The fast rapid-result scape method of a kind of red maple comprises following sequential steps:
1) at normal cultivating and managing of spring, summer, guarantees red maple well-grown;
2) in 6-8 month, day maximum temperature is during greater than 30 ℃, and in plantation preceding about 20 days, blade and petiole on the red maple plant are all extractd, be with the scope of root (to be called: the circle of being completely cured) when confirming to transplant according to the tree crown size simultaneously;
3) during lifting, leaf bud is full, at this moment is completely cured according to the circle of being completely cured;
4) prune after root band soil ball is dug out, cut off rot root and long, and the wound of being completely cured that will be big prunes smoothly, spray root-growing agent;
5) with straw rope the mud ball of root system is wrapped up together with the collar position, on trunk, closed up;
6) spray transpiration inhibitor to tree crown and trunk immediately after planting: will dilute transpiration inhibitor after 100 times and combine 0.5% Tween 80 to spray together, to spray the degree of being that do not drip;
7) conventional maintenance management, young leaves was sprouted in 3-8 days in the plantation back, made the fast rapid-result scape of red maple.
The circle of being completely cured of said step 2 is more than or equal to 1/5 of tree crown scope.
The described circle of being completely cured is to be that annular groove is opened at the center with the trunk.
The described annular groove of opening is oblique incision break taproot and big key root.
Described annular groove width is 28-32cm, the degree of depth that the degree of depth distributes for the main root crowd.
The root-growing agent of said step 4 adds the 1mg Cobastab for after diluting 200 times in every liter 1
The root-growing agent amount of spraying of said step 4 is that individual plant sprays 800~1000ml.
Embodiment 2
Comparative planting experiment to red maple carries out is following:
1, nature (CK) quantity of planting is 30 strains, press general planting, pruning, curing procedure, becomes work 24 strains, and survival rate is 80%;
2, test group quantity is 30 strains, in plantation preceding about 20 days, all blades on the red maple plant are all extractd together with petiole, and stimulate leaf bud to grow, the scope of band root when confirming to transplant based on the tree crown size simultaneously;
3, during lifting, leaf bud is full, and grain of rice size is arranged, and at this moment is completely cured according to fixed band root scope, and when tree crown was opened a business, the circle of being completely cured was not less than 1/5 of tree crown; Along this scope is that annular groove is opened at the center with the trunk, oblique incision break taproot and big key root, and the annular groove width is generally 30cm; The degree of depth that depth main root crowd distributes; Prune after root band soil ball dug out, cut off rot root and long, and the wound of being completely cured that will be big is pruned smoothly; Spray root-growing agent immediately: after diluting 200 times, add the 1mg Cobastab in every liter 1, when spraying to squirt root degree of being fully, the individual plant amount of spraying 800~1000ml;
4, use the mud ball of straw rope binder root system on the spot, wrap up, on trunk, close up together with the collar position;
5, spray transpiration inhibitor to tree crown and trunk immediately after planting: will dilute transpiration inhibitor after 100 times and combine 0.5% Tween 80 to spray together, and, guarantee the plant transplanting survival to spray the degree of being that do not drip;
6, conventional maintenance management, young leaves was sprouted in 3-8 days in the plantation back, and just as new naturally leave in spring, it is alive that 30 young plants all become, and survival rate reaches 100%, improves 20% than CK.

Claims (7)

1. fast rapid-result scape method of red maple is characterized in that: comprise following sequential steps:
1) at normal cultivating and managing of spring, summer;
2) in 6-8 month, day maximum temperature is during greater than 30 ℃, before plantation 19-21 days, blade and petiole on the red maple plant all extractd the scope of being completely cured and enclosing when confirming to transplant according to the tree crown scope simultaneously;
3) during lifting, leaf bud is full, at this moment is completely cured according to the circle of being completely cured;
4) prune after root band soil ball is dug out, cut off rot root and long, and the wound of being completely cured that will be big prunes smoothly, spray root-growing agent;
5) with straw rope the mud ball of root system is wrapped up together with the collar position, on trunk, closed up;
6) spray transpiration inhibitor to tree crown and trunk immediately after planting: will dilute transpiration inhibitor after 100 times and combine 0.5% Tween 80 to spray together, to spray the degree of being that do not drip;
7) conventional maintenance management, young leaves was sprouted in 3-8 days in the plantation back, made the fast rapid-result scape of red maple.
2. the fast rapid-result scape method of red maple according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said step 2 be completely cured the circle scope more than or equal to 1/5 of tree crown scope.
3. the fast rapid-result scape method of red maple according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the described circle of being completely cured is to be that annular groove is opened at the center with the trunk.
4. the fast rapid-result scape method of red maple according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the described annular groove of opening is oblique incision break taproot and big key root.
5. the fast rapid-result scape method of red maple according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described annular groove width is 28-32cm, the degree of depth that the degree of depth distributes for the main root crowd.
6. the fast rapid-result scape method of red maple according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the root-growing agent of said step 4 adds the 1mg Cobastab for after diluting 200 times in every liter 1
7. the fast rapid-result scape method of red maple according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the root-growing agent amount of spraying of said step 4 is that individual plant sprays 800~1000ml.
CN201110442805.8A 2011-12-27 2011-12-27 Rapid growth method for red maple Active CN102652488B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102652488B CN102652488B (en) 2014-01-29

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102884902A (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-01-23 张冠一 Method for promoting red maple leaves to become red in autumn
CN103222396A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-07-31 扬州大学 Cultivating method for inducing reproduction of red leaf characters of purple canada bauhinia in autumn
CN103518521A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-01-22 江苏瑞青园林建设工程有限公司 Red maple sapling transplanting method
CN108476853A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-09-04 西南大学 A method of control North America Acer palmatum ' Atropurpureum' leaf color change
CN111357548A (en) * 2020-02-29 2020-07-03 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 Method for preventing and improving scorched edges of Acer Truncatum Bunge leaves

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
姚玉军: "城区绿化大树移栽配套技术", 《河北农业科技》 *
李模权: "城市绿化中的大树移植", 《金陵科技学院学报》 *
陈李红: "几种绿化树种移栽技术", 《浙江林业科技》 *
魏修祥: "夏季大苗移栽技术", 《林业调查规划》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102884902A (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-01-23 张冠一 Method for promoting red maple leaves to become red in autumn
CN103222396A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-07-31 扬州大学 Cultivating method for inducing reproduction of red leaf characters of purple canada bauhinia in autumn
CN103518521A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-01-22 江苏瑞青园林建设工程有限公司 Red maple sapling transplanting method
CN108476853A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-09-04 西南大学 A method of control North America Acer palmatum ' Atropurpureum' leaf color change
CN108476853B (en) * 2018-04-12 2020-07-28 西南大学 Method for controlling color change of North American red maple leaves
CN111357548A (en) * 2020-02-29 2020-07-03 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 Method for preventing and improving scorched edges of Acer Truncatum Bunge leaves

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