CN102648872A - Laterally-lying type fixing table for performing positioning needle biopsy on breast lesions - Google Patents

Laterally-lying type fixing table for performing positioning needle biopsy on breast lesions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102648872A
CN102648872A CN2012101202798A CN201210120279A CN102648872A CN 102648872 A CN102648872 A CN 102648872A CN 2012101202798 A CN2012101202798 A CN 2012101202798A CN 201210120279 A CN201210120279 A CN 201210120279A CN 102648872 A CN102648872 A CN 102648872A
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China
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breast
biopsy
breast lesions
fixing station
laterally
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CN2012101202798A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于军
南海燕
崔光彬
张学策
户丽娜
王玮
赵欣
郭炜
陈宝莹
颜林枫
马延
黄进
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中国人民解放军第四军医大学
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Priority to CN2012101202798A priority Critical patent/CN102648872A/en
Publication of CN102648872A publication Critical patent/CN102648872A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a laterally-lying type fixing table for performing positioning needle biopsy on breast lesions. The laterally-lying type fixing table for performing positioning needle biopsy on the breast lesions comprises a frame body, wherein a table surface is fixed on the frame body; the laterally-lying fixing table for performing positioning needle biopsy on the breast lesions is characterized in that two baffle plates are arranged on one side of the table surface in the length direction, corresponding to the back and the buttocks of a patient; and two notches are formed on the other side of the table surface in the length direction, corresponding to breasts below the examined front chest of the patient laterally lying on the table surface. The laterally-lying type fixing table for performing positioning needle biopsy on the breast lesions is applicable for examining breasts with different volumes and lesions at different parts of the breasts, can be matched with flat-plate breast X-ray machines produced by different companies, is not limited by machine models and has wider application and operability.

Description

用于乳腺病变定位穿刺活检的侧卧式固定台 Positioning a biopsy of breast lesions lateral fixing station

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种医疗器具,特别涉及一种用于乳腺病变定位穿刺活检的辅助装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a medical instrument, particularly to an auxiliary device for positioning of breast lesions for biopsy.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,随着乳腺癌筛查的广泛开展,越来越多的乳腺不可触及性病变被发现,这些病变中有近30%为早期乳腺癌,所以明确这些病变的性质意义重大。 [0002] Now, with extensive breast cancer screening, an increasing number of breast nonpalpable lesions are found, these lesions have nearly 30% of early breast cancer, it is clear the nature of the major significance of these lesions. 要想确定这类病变的病理性质必须对其进行术前导丝或定位活检。 To determine the pathological nature of these lesions must be a leading silk surgery or biopsy. 目前市场所出售的乳腺病变穿刺活检都是俯卧位固定床,床面有空洞,可以将乳房至于其中进行固定。 The market sold biopsy of breast lesions are prone position fixed bed, the bed has a void, in which the breast As can be fixed. 该穿刺床所存在的问题:(I)亚洲女性的乳房体积较小,很多患者无法使用俯卧位固定床,尤其对一些靠近胸壁的病变,俯卧位固定床无法定位病变;(2)该种固定床仅适用于某几种乳腺X线机型,这就决定了必须是乳腺X线机和配套的穿刺固定床同时购买和使用,价钱昂贵,仅穿刺固定床的售价高达100-200万人民币,而且一旦乳腺X线机出现问题,配套的固定床也即无法使用。 The bed puncture the problems: (I) a smaller Asian women breast volume, many patients can not use a fixed-bed prone position, especially for some lesions close to the chest wall, prone position fixed bed unable to locate the lesion; (2) the kind of fixed several bed is only a particular type of breast X-ray, which determines must be a breast X-ray machine and supporting the puncture fixed bed at the same time purchase and use, expensive, only a puncture fixed bed price up to 100-200 ten thousand yuan , and once breast X-ray machine problems, supporting the fixed bed that is not available. 因此俯卧位穿刺固定床不适于亚洲女性,特别是我国女性乳腺患者的临床使用。 Therefore prone puncture fixed bed is not suitable for Asian women, especially in patients with clinical use of female breast position.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是为了解决技术背景所涉及的俯卧位固定床所存在的缺点,提供一种针对亚洲女性乳房特点的、结构简单、使用广泛、操作方便、经济、准确的乳腺病变穿刺活检的辅助装置。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the shortcomings in the prone position fixed bed technology background related to the presence of female breast characteristics provide one for Asia, simple structure, extensive use, easy to operate, economical and accurate breast lesions puncture aid biopsy.

[0004] 为达到以上目的,本发明是采取如下技术方案予以实现的: [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention is taken to be implemented in the following technical solutions:

[0005] 一种用于乳腺病变定位穿刺活检的侧卧式固定台,包括架体,在架体上固定有台面,其特征在于,台面长度方向的一侧设置有两个挡板,相对于侧卧台面患者的背部及臀部位置;台面长度方向的另ー侧开有两个槽ロ,相对于侧卧台面患者前胸被检测的下方乳房位置。 [0005] A method for positioning biopsy of breast lesions lateral fixing station including a frame body, the frame body is fixed on a table, wherein one side of the longitudinal direction of the mesa is provided with two baffles, with respect to lateral back and buttocks of the patient table position; the other side of the longitudinal direction of the mesa ー two grooves open ro with respect to the position of the breast below the table top lateral chest of the patient is detected.

[0006] 上述方案中,所述的槽口下面设置束帯,该束带通过调节松紧使侧卧台面上患者非检测乳房得以固定。 [0006] In the above embodiment, the slot is provided below Bands beam, by adjusting the tightness of the strap so that the non-detecting breast lateral patient table is fixed. 束帯可做成为“Y”形,松紧可调。 Bands beam do become "Y" shape, adjustable elastic. 槽ロ的形状可以是矩形或梯形。 Ro groove shape may be rectangular or trapezoidal.

[0007] 所述挡板内侧面上部设置有患者侧卧姿势的调节装置。 The [0007] inner surface of the shutter portion is provided with a lateral position adjustment device of the patient. 该装置为可充、放气的气囊。 The device is rechargeable, deflated balloon. 所述台面宽度方向的任一侧设置有ー个可伸縮的枕垫。 On either side of the mesa width direction is provided a retractable ー pillow.

[0008] 所述架体下方的四个腿下设置有轮子,其中前边两个为固定轮,后边两个为万向轮。 [0008] The frame is provided with wheels at the bottom of the four legs, wherein two front wheels are fixed, for the two rear caster.

[0009] 与现有的俯卧位穿刺床相比,本发明的优点是,可适用于不同体积的乳房及乳房不同部位的病变,具有更广的适用性和操作的灵活性;另外,该侧卧式固定台不受乳腺X线机机型限制,可以与市场上销售的所有平板乳腺X线机配套使用,而且价钱便宜,仅约需要人民币2000元。 [0009] Compared with the conventional puncture prone bed position, the advantages of the present invention is applicable to different volumes of the breast and the different parts of the breast lesions, with broader applicability and flexibility of operation; In addition, the side horizontal fixed station from breast X-ray machine type restrictions, all flat breast X-ray machine can be sold on the market supporting the use, and inexpensive, requiring only about 2000 yuan.

附图说明[0010] 图I为本发明的结构示意图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0010] structural diagram I of the present invention.

[0011] 图2为侧卧位患者身体与床面的角度受气囊调整的状态图。 [0011] FIG. 2 is a perspective of the body and the lateral position of the bed by the patients state of FIG airbag adjustment.

[0012] 图I图2中:1、枕垫;2、挡板;3、束帯;4、气囊;5、槽ロ;6、台面;7架体;8、轮子;9、侧卧位患者;10、下方乳房。 In [0012] Figure I Figure 2: 1, pillows; 2, baffle; 3, beam Bands; 4, the airbag; 5, ro groove; 6, mesa; body 7; 8, the wheel; 9, lateral patients ; 10, below the breast.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] 參见图1,ー种乳腺病变定位穿刺活检的侧卧式固定台,包括架体7,在架体上固定有台面6,架体7下方的四个腿下设置有轮子8,其中前边两个为固定轮,后边两个为万向轮。 [0013] Referring to Figure 1, the positioning ー kind of biopsy of breast lesions lateral fixing station comprising frame body 7, the table 6 is fixed on the frame body, the frame body is provided with wheels 8 under the bottom of the four legs 7, wherein two front wheels are fixed, for the two rear caster. 台面长度方向的一侧设置有两个挡板2,相对于侧卧台面患者的背部及臀部位置;台面长度方向的另ー侧开有两个槽ロ5,相对于患者前胸的被检测乳房(下方乳房)位置,使被检测乳房得以充分暴露,并方便与X线机器的平板对接,槽ロ5的形状可以是矩形或梯形。 Side of the mesa longitudinal direction is provided with two baffles 2, the mesa with respect to the lateral position of the patient's back and buttocks; ー other side of the longitudinal direction of the mesa is opened ro two grooves 5, relative to the patient's chest is detected breast (breast downward) position, so that the breast is detected to be fully exposed, and to facilitate mating with the flat plate X-ray machine, the shape of the groove ro 5 may be rectangular or trapezoidal. 挡板内侧面上部设置有气囊4,槽口下面设置可调松紧的束帯3,该束带3通过侧卧台面上患者非检测乳房固定在挡板的外侧面,通过调节该束带松紧使非检测乳房得以固定。 The inner surface of the shutter portion is provided with an airbag 4, the slot is provided below the adjustable elastic beams Bands 3, the strap 3 is detected by the lateral non-breast of a patient table fixed to the outer side surface of baffle plate, by adjusting the tightness of the non-band detecting breast fixed. 台面宽度方向的任一侧设置有ー个可伸缩的枕垫I。 On either side of the mesa width direction is provided a retractable ー pillow I.

[0014] 本发明的工作原理是,患者侧卧于台面6上,头侧枕于枕垫I上,背部及臀部被挡板2阻挡,使前胸被检测的ー个乳房(下方乳房10)对准槽ロ5,以利于X线机平板深入槽口中该被检测乳房底部,使该乳房可以顺利置于X线机平板上。 [0014] The working principle of the present invention, patient side on the table 6, on the head side pillow pillow I, back and buttocks baffle barrier 2, so that the detected chest ー udder (udder 10 below) ro alignment slots 5, X-ray machine plate to facilitate further the notch is detected at the bottom of the breast so that the breast is placed on a smooth flat plate X-ray machine. 用束帯3绷紧患者非检测的乳房(上方乳房),束帯可做成为“Y”形,其好处是,一方面固定了上方乳房,另ー方面可方便避让下方乳房。 Bands breast beam 3 by tensioning the non-detection of the patients (over the breast), beam Bands do become a "Y", its benefits are, on the one hand fixed above the breast, other aspects may facilitate the escape of the breast ー below.

[0015] 挡板2可以在台面长度方向的一侧通过滑动轨道自由移动,这样可根据患者体型调整挡板的位置,以方便不同身高、胖瘦患者的需要。 [0015] The shutter 2 can move freely in the longitudinal direction through the mesa side slide rail, so that the shutter may be adjusted according to patient body position to facilitate different height, fat, thin patient requires. 挡板内侧气囊4可通过充气调节患者侧卧姿势,即可将侧卧患者身体9与台面6的角度调整至大于直角(图2)。 Shutter inside of the airbag 4 can be adjusted by the posture of the patient side inflatable, 9 to the body of a patient lateral adjustment angle greater than a right angle to the table 6 (FIG. 2). 其好处可使患者被测乳房全部顺利置于伸入槽ロ5中的X线机平板上而不影响患者的舒适度。 The benefit can be measured in patients with breast all successfully placed on the projects into the groove 5 ro flat X-ray machine without affecting the patient's comfort.

[0016] 枕垫I可以根据患者卧位选择安装在固定台前后两端,并根据患者需要伸缩调整位置,同时,还可増大X线机机器头部的旋转角度,给医生和患者同时带来方便。 [0016] The patient supine pillow I can choose to install the front and rear ends in the fixed station, and according to the patient in need of telescopic adjustment position, while further enlargement of the rotation angle of the large X-ray machines of the machine head, while offering to doctors and patients Convenience. 由于架体7下方的四个腿下设置有轮子8,其中两个为万向轮,所以本发明穿刺床能任意移动,方便与检测X线机器配套,減少医生操作时的劳动强度和难度。 Since the four leg below the frame body 7 with wheels 8, wherein two of caster, the present invention can be a mobile bed puncture any, facilitate matching the detected X-ray machine, reduce labor intensity, and the difficulty of the operation of the doctor.

[0017] 乳腺病变定位穿刺活检辅助装置是临床诊断乳腺微小病变不可缺少的设备。 [0017] breast lesion localization biopsy aids in clinical diagnosis of breast lesions tiny indispensable equipment. 采用本发明侧卧式固定台的适用面广(不同乳房形态、不同病变位置、不同的乳腺X线机型)、结构简单实用、操作简便,乳房固定稳固,患者舒适度高,具有很高的临床应用价值。 With lateral type the present invention is widely applicable fixing table (different breast shape, lesions of different positions, different models of breast X-ray), the structure is simple and practical, simple, mastopexy solid, high patient comfort, with high clinical value.

Claims (8)

1. 一种用于乳腺病变定位穿刺活检的侧卧式固定台,包括架体,在架体上固定有台面,其特征在于,台面长度方向的一侧设置有两个挡板,相对于侧卧台面患者的背部及臀部位置;台面长度方向的另ー侧开有两个槽ロ,相对于侧卧台面患者前胸被检测的下方乳房位置。 1. A method for positioning biopsy of breast lesions lateral fixing station including a frame body, the frame body is fixed on a table, wherein one side of the longitudinal direction of the mesa is provided with two baffles, relative to the side mesa lying back and hips of the patient; the other side of the longitudinal direction of the mesa ー two grooves open ro with respect to the position of the breast below the table top lateral chest of the patient is detected.
2.如权利要求I所述的用于乳腺病变定位活检的侧卧式固定台,其特征在于,所述的槽口下面设置束帯,该束带通过绷紧侧卧台面患者未被检测的上方乳房后固定在挡板的外侧面。 2. The lateral fixing station for biopsy of breast lesions according to claim I, wherein said notch is provided below the beam Bands, tightening the strap through the top of the mesa lateral undetected patients after breast fixed to the outer side surface of the baffle.
3.如权利要求2所述的用于乳腺病变定位活检的侧卧式固定台,其特征在于,所述束带为“Y”形,松紧可调。 Claim lateral fixing station for biopsy of breast lesions of claim 2, wherein the band is a "Y" shape, adjustable elastic.
4.如权利要求I所述的用于乳腺病变定位活检的侧卧式固定台,其特征在于,所述槽ロ的形状为矩形或梯形。 4. The lateral fixing station for biopsy of breast lesions according to claim I, wherein said groove ro rectangular or trapezoidal shape.
5.如权利要求I所述的用于乳腺病变定位活检的侧卧式固定台,其特征在于,所述挡板内侧面上部设置有患者侧卧姿势的调节装置。 As claimed in claim I for the lateral fixing station biopsy of breast lesions, characterized in that the inner surface of the shutter portion is provided with a regulating means lateral position of the patient.
6.如权利要求5所述的用于乳腺病变定位活检的侧卧式固定台,其特征在于,所述调节装置为可充、放气的气囊。 As claimed in claim lateral fixing station for biopsy of breast lesions claim 5, wherein said adjustment means is a rechargeable, deflated balloon.
7.如权利要求I所述的用于乳腺病变定位活检的侧卧式固定台,其特征在于,所述台面宽度方向的任一侧设置有ー个可伸缩的枕垫。 7. The lateral fixing station for biopsy of breast lesions according to claim I, wherein said mesa width direction are provided on either side of a retractable ー pillow.
8.如权利要求I所述的用于乳腺病变定位活检的侧卧式固定台,其特征在于,所述架体下方的四个腿下设置有轮子,其中前边两个为固定轮,后边两个为万向轮。 I as claimed in claim 8 for the biopsy of breast lesions lateral fixing station, wherein the four wheels is provided with a leg below the frame body, wherein the two front fixed wheels, two rear one for the caster.
CN2012101202798A 2012-04-23 2012-04-23 Laterally-lying type fixing table for performing positioning needle biopsy on breast lesions CN102648872A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2548560Y (en) * 2001-12-12 2003-05-07 中山医科大学肿瘤防治中心 Special bed for whole body radiation treatment
CN201001735Y (en) * 2007-02-05 2008-01-09 薄夫军 Molybdenum target breast X-ray machine auxiliary photographic bed
CN201143269Y (en) * 2008-01-26 2008-11-05 苓 路 Premature infant side-lying position stationary mat
CN201353205Y (en) * 2009-02-16 2009-12-02 卫 李 Lumbar puncture positioning device
EP2277448A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2011-01-26 University Of Rochester Apparatus and method for cone beam volume computed tomography breast imaging
CN201759681U (en) * 2010-08-27 2011-03-16 张磊 Body position fixer for thoracic surgery

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2548560Y (en) * 2001-12-12 2003-05-07 中山医科大学肿瘤防治中心 Special bed for whole body radiation treatment
EP2277448A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2011-01-26 University Of Rochester Apparatus and method for cone beam volume computed tomography breast imaging
CN201001735Y (en) * 2007-02-05 2008-01-09 薄夫军 Molybdenum target breast X-ray machine auxiliary photographic bed
CN201143269Y (en) * 2008-01-26 2008-11-05 苓 路 Premature infant side-lying position stationary mat
CN201353205Y (en) * 2009-02-16 2009-12-02 卫 李 Lumbar puncture positioning device
CN201759681U (en) * 2010-08-27 2011-03-16 张磊 Body position fixer for thoracic surgery

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