CN102648739B - Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed special for winter shed cultivation and preparation method for feed - Google Patents

Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed special for winter shed cultivation and preparation method for feed Download PDF

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CN102648739B
CN102648739B CN2012101653171A CN201210165317A CN102648739B CN 102648739 B CN102648739 B CN 102648739B CN 2012101653171 A CN2012101653171 A CN 2012101653171A CN 201210165317 A CN201210165317 A CN 201210165317A CN 102648739 B CN102648739 B CN 102648739B
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feed
meal
special
powder
litopenaeus vannamei
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CN2012101653171A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102648739A (en
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王胜
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福建海大饲料有限公司
苏州海大饲料有限公司
珠海容川饲料有限公司
广州市容川饲料有限公司
广东海大集团股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention relates to aquaculture feed, in particular to litopenaeus vannamei compound feed special for winter shed cultivation and a preparation method of the feed. The feed comprises a protein source raw material, a fat source raw material, a sugar source raw material, an antioxidant, a phagostimulant, composite vitamin and composite mineral salt. The invention provides the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed special for winter shed cultivation and the preparation method of the feed, with the advantages of high survival rate, high growth speed, high stability in water, high ingestion speed, convenience for use and low environmental pollution, so as to solve the problems of low growth speed, serious disease, low survival rate and the like of the litopenaeus vannamei during winter shed cultivation at low temperature and promote the healthy development of the litopenaeus vannamei cultivation industry.

Description

Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed that a kind of winter canopy cultivation is special-purpose and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aquaculture feed, relate in particular to special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of a kind of winter canopy cultivation and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Shrimp is one of seafood products that are loved by the people, and supports shrimp and has brought good economic benefit to fishmen.Penaeus Vannmei is because growth is fast, and the culture-cycle is short, and population yield is high and become a conventional cultivation kind.But because Penaeus Vannmei originates in the Central and South America torrid areas, tolerance to cold is low, and deadly water temperature only is 9 ℃, so the cultivation of Penaeus Vannmei is limited by temperature conditions.China fishmen adopt the pond to put in a suitable place to breed in the open to the cultivation of Penaeus Vannmei mostly, and this obviously is subject to the restriction of temperature.Now, the farming of the shrimp of China certain areas as in areas such as Zhuhai, Guangdong, middle mountain and Xiaoshan, Zhejiangs, begins to utilize the winter canopy to carry out culture of Penaeus vannamei, is specially and sets up the plastic sheeting canopy on the fish pond, and the plastic sheeting canopy can make water temperature remain on 18 ~ 20 ℃.Generally speaking, Penaeus Vannmei is not just eaten feed, is not put on flesh, is difficult to growth when being lower than 15 ℃, particularly susceptible disease then in the time of 12 ~ 13 ℃.The main purpose of scaffolding is that water temperature is remained on more than 15 ℃, makes the growth that Penaeus Vannmei in the winter time still can be healthy, and when having arrived so annual April, the Penaeus Vannmei of surviving the winter just can go on the market.Winter canopy cultivation Penaeus Vannmei rises as far back as the Guangdong Pearl River Estuary, and flourish, has obtained good economic benefit.
But winter, algae photosynthesis was not strong take thick weather as main, and the pond dissolved oxygen is not enough, and mostly the harmful bacteria in the pond is anaerobic bacteria, and when the pond dissolved oxygen was not enough, anaerobic bacteria will amount reproduction, cause bottom material of pond for breeding to worsen, Penaeus Vannmei physique descends, easily morbidity.Simultaneously, under low temperature stress, the ingesting of Penaeus Vannmei slowed down and caused feed a part molten mistake waste in water, enzymatic activity decline causes feed coefficient to raise in the Penaeus Vannmei body, thereby the raising of water nutrition enrichment, intensive degree causes the frequent occurrence of disease so that the cultivation water pollution is on the rise, the sound development that these are all seriously perplexing culture fishery has seriously restricted the temperature production of Penaeus Vannmei, has hindered further developing of culture of Penaeus vannamei industry.
Summary of the invention
For above deficiency, the invention provides a kind of nutritional need that can satisfy canopy Penaeus Vannmei in the period growth of low temperature winter, water stability is good, easy to use, survival rate is high, growth is fast, economical and practical litopenaeus vannamei compound feed and the preparation method of this feed.
The present invention achieves the above object by following scheme:
Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of the present invention is comprised of protein sources raw material, fat source raw material, sugared source raw material, antioxidant, phagostimulant, B B-complex and composite mineral salt etc.
The special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of a kind of winter canopy cultivation, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed comprises following component: krill meal 3-6%, fish meal 20-35%, fly maggot powder 2-4%, chicken meal 3-7%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 1-5%, marine animal protein zymolyte 2-6%, cuttlefish cream 2-6%, shrimp shell meal 2-5%, seawood meal 1-3%, fermented bean dregs 3-8%, dregs of beans 3-13%, peanut meal 3-8%, corn protein powder 2-7%, wheat flour strength flour 1-5%, wheat flour 10-20%, glucose 2-5%, sucrose 2-5%, squid viscera powder 2-6%, fish oil 2-4%, soya-bean oil 1-2%, soybean lecithin powder 1-3%, Choline Chloride 0.1-0.4%, B B-complex 0.1-0.2%, composite mineral matter 1-3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-3%, plain 0.1-0.3% shells, immune polysaccharide 0.1-0.3%, antibacterial peptide 0.02-1%, bacillus 0.01-0.03%, lactic acid bacteria 0.01-0.03%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.02-0.06%, strepogenin 0.01-0.05%, phagostimulant 0.05-2%, antioxidant 0. 02-0. 04%, mould inhibitor 0.03-0.05%.
Wherein, described fish meal, the content of its thick protein reaches more than 65%; Described dregs of beans, the content of its thick protein reaches more than 46%.
The nutritional labeling of the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed that this winter canopy cultivation is special-purpose forms: crude protein 44-50%, crude fat 7-12%, total reducing sugar 19-30%, crude fibre 3-6%, ash 9-13%, salinity 1-3%, total phosphorus 1-2%, moisture 9-12%.
Preferably, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 3%, fish meal 25%, fly maggot powder 3%, chicken meal 3%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2%, marine animal protein zymolyte 4%, cuttlefish cream 5%, shrimp shell meal 5%, seawood meal 2%, fermented bean dregs 3%, dregs of beans 4.88%, peanut meal 3%, corn protein powder 3%, wheat flour strength flour 2%, wheat flour 10%, glucose 3%, sucrose 3%, squid viscera powder 3%, fish oil 3%, soya-bean oil 1.5%, soybean lecithin powder 2%, Choline Chloride 0.3%, B B-complex 0.2%, composite mineral matter 2%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, shelling element 0.12%, immune polysaccharide 0.3%, antibacterial peptide 0.5%, bacillus 0.02%, lactic acid bacteria 0.02%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.05%, strepogenin 0.03%, phagostimulant 1%, antioxidant 0. 03%, mould inhibitor 0.05%.
Preferably, described shelling element is phytoecdysone or animal moulting hormone.
Further preferred, described phagostimulant is both mixtures of betaine or TMAO or arbitrary proportion.
Further preferred, described antioxidant is that dibutyl is through both mixtures of basic toluene or ethoxyquinoline or arbitrary proportion.
Further preferred, described mould inhibitor is both mixtures of Sodium Benzoate or formic acid or arbitrary proportion.
Further preferred, described immune polysaccharide is two or more mixtures of a kind of or arbitrary proportion in B-glucan, manna oligosacchride, FOS, the oligoisomaltose.
Wherein, the B B-complex content in the per kilogram feed is: vitamin A 5,000,000 IU, cholecalciferol 3,000,000 IU, vitamin E 55g, prokeyvit 10g, vitamin B1 6 g, vitamin B2 17g, vitamin B6 13g, cobalamin 25mg, biotin 88mg, nicotinic acid 45g, calcium pantothenate 28g, folic acid 2.8g, inositol 160g, VC monophosphate fat 350g, the rest is defatted rice bran.
Wherein, the composite mineral matter content in the per kilogram feed is: calcium 0. 7g, phosphorus 0. 9g, potassium 80g, magnesium 15g, iron 1.5g, zinc 18g, copper 3.8g, cobalt 170mg, iodine 50mg, selenium 3. 9mg, the rest is zeolite powder.
Fish meal, cuttlefish powder, krill meal in the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of winter canopy cultivation special use of the present invention are the protein feed raw materials of high-quality, the amino acid Compositional balance, and good palatability, absorption easy to digest is the good protein sources of aquatic feeds; Dregs of beans is the byproduct after the squeezing of soybean process, the lixiviate, and good palatability replaces animal protein with vegetable protein in the special aquatic products feed, in order to reduce cost; Wheat gluten, wheat flour play adhesive and the effect of energy are provided, and have to the pass and act on for contain the powder rate, pulverization rate, water stability of penaeus vannamei boone feed; Cuttlefish cream is as raw material take cuttlefish fish and internal organ thereof, treated, the lotion that fermentation, sterilization post-drying are made, Penaeus Vannmei there is strong food calling effect, improve palatability and the utilization rate of feed, and it is rich in steroid shell stimulin, effectively promotes the shellfish shell, is rich in abundant protein and amino acid Compositional balance; Dextrose plus saccharose has preferably luring function, improves monosaccharide concentration in the blood, and the energy matter that can be used as quick utilization is utilized by Penaeus Vannmei, is conducive to Penaeus Vannmei opposing low temperature stress; The Main Ingredients and Appearance of fish oil is triglyceride, phosphorus glycerin ether, lipoid, liposoluble vitamin and protein degradation thing etc., it is one of anakinetomer, energy and necessary aliphatic acid are provided in feed, the flowability of cell membrane has important function under low temperature condition, and its fishlike smell has good food calling effect to Penaeus Vannmei; Choline Chloride is that human body is kept the necessary compound of physiological function, plays and regulates fat metabolism and conversion, the fat deposition in prevention fatty liver and the kidney and the effect of structural transformation; B B-complex and composite mineral matter are that body carries out the necessary nutriment of normal physiological metabolism; Antioxidant and mould inhibitor can prevent or slow down the oxidation of feed in production and processing and storage process, go mouldy.
The present invention also provides a kind of special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of winter canopy cultivation for preparing, and comprises the steps:
1) take by weighing the Choline Chloride of corresponding weight by the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prescription, B B-complex, composite mineral matter, shelling element, immune polysaccharide, antioxidant, mould inhibitor also carry out premixed;
2) except fish oil, take by weighing other raw materials of corresponding weight by the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prescription;
3) with step 1) and step 2) mixing of materials that obtains, mixture is pulverized;
4) material after will pulverizing is sent into micronizer and is pulverized;
5) material after will pulverizing adds the fish oil of corresponding weight and the water of 30-50 kg/tonne of feed, then mixes;
6) mixed material is sent into storehouse to be granulated, through double-deck quality controling machine, and add steam, with granulator mixture is made feed granules;
7) feed granules is remained in 100-105 ℃ 45 minutes in stablizing ager;
8) with cold wind dehydration, cooling, make particle temperature be down to room temperature;
9) particle is passed through disintegrating machine, flow into and revolve the riddler classification, the particle material between standard screen 32 orders and 22 orders is mixed feed.
The litopenaeus vannamei compound feed that embodiment 1,2, the canopy cultivation of winter of 3 is special-purpose and common litopenaeus vannamei compound feed are carried out check experiment, wherein, the common litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of control group, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, each component is: fish meal 30%, dregs of beans 23%, shrimp shell meal 3%, peanut press pulp 10%, cotton dregs 4%, the dish dregs of rice 4%, wheat flour 20%, fish oil 1%, soya-bean oil 1%, soybean lecithin oil 1%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%, all the other additives 2%.
In sluice gate cultivation base, Zhuhai, Guangdong, in year March in November, 2010 to 2011, adopt embodiment 1 and the feed of control group to compare test.Experimental group and control group be totally 10 mouthfuls of pools, 4 mu on every mouthful of pool, every mu of 50,000 tails, totally 200 ten thousand tails, the initial galassing of Penaeus Vannmei is the every tail of 0.21 gram, raised respectively 124 days, penaeus vannamei boone feed contrast with the control group of throwing something and feeding, the prawn survival rate 81.2% of the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed that the winter canopy cultivation of embodiment 1 of throwing something and feeding is special-purpose, has significant difference with Penaeus Vannmei (survival rate 63.3%) contrast of feeding control group feed, feed coefficient (1.22) contrast group (1.39) is lower slightly, protein efficiency ratio, PER (2.18) is contrast group (2.05) height then, and the specification of prawn reaches the every tail of average weight 25 grams (control group is the every tails of 21.5 grams) behind the identical fate (124 days).Selling price exceeds 1.5 yuan of shrimps per jin because the prawn specification is large, and every mu the culture benefit contrast group that adopts embodiment 1 to raise is earned 500 yuan more.
In cultivation base, Beihai Fisheries Base Guangxi Province Hepu, year April in December, 2010 to 2011, adopt embodiment 2 and the feed of control group to compare test, experimental group and control group be totally 8 mouthfuls of pools, 4 mu on every mouthful of pool, every mu of 50,000 tails, totally 160 ten thousand tails, the initial galassing of Penaeus Vannmei is the every tail of 0.34 gram, raised respectively 134 days, penaeus vannamei boone feed contrast with the control group of throwing something and feeding, the prawn survival rate 85.2% of the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed that the winter canopy cultivation of embodiment 2 of throwing something and feeding is special-purpose has significant difference with Penaeus Vannmei (survival rate 68.3%) contrast of feeding control group feed, and feed coefficient (1.28) contrast group (1.38) is lower slightly, protein efficiency ratio, PER (2.24) is contrast group (2.09) height then, and the specification of prawn reaches the every tail of average weight 26 grams (control group is the every tails of 23.5 grams) behind the identical fate (134 days).Selling price exceeds 1.9 yuan of shrimps per jin because the prawn specification is large, and every mu the culture benefit contrast group that adopts embodiment 2 to raise is earned 700 yuan more.
In the Wenchang, hainan cultivation base, year February in October, 2010 to 2011, adopt embodiment 3 and the feed of control group to compare test, experimental group and control group be totally 10 mouthfuls of pools, 5 mu on every mouthful of pool, every mu of 60,000 tails, totally 300 ten thousand tails, the initial galassing of Penaeus Vannmei is the every tail of 0.42 gram, raised respectively 138 days, penaeus vannamei boone feed contrast with the control group of throwing something and feeding, the prawn survival rate 82.7% of the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed that the winter canopy cultivation of embodiment 3 of throwing something and feeding is special-purpose has significant difference with Penaeus Vannmei (survival rate 73.3%) contrast of feeding control group feed, and feed coefficient (1.32) contrast group (1.49) is lower slightly, protein efficiency ratio, PER (2.17) is contrast group (2.01) height then, and the specification of prawn reaches the every tail of average weight 23 grams (control group is the every tails of 20.5 grams) behind the identical fate (138 days).Selling price exceeds 1.4 yuan of shrimps per jin because the prawn specification is large, and every mu the culture benefit contrast group that adopts embodiment 3 to raise is earned 450 yuan more.
The invention has the advantages that:
1) owing to added the additive that promotion such as marine animal protein zymolyte, cuttlefish cream, betaine are ingested in the feed of the present invention, so that Penaeus Vannmei still can be ingested under low temperature winter canopy cultivating condition rapidly, fast growth, feed waste are few, the water pollution is little, feed coefficient is low;
2) immunopotentiators such as immune polysaccharide, antibacterial peptide have been added owing in the feed of the present invention, so that the Penaeus Vannmei premunition is strong, survival rate is high, good, the anti-long-distance transport of vigor;
3) owing to added probio and the enzyme preparations such as bacillus, lactic acid bacteria, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme in the feed of the present invention, so that the Penaeus Vannmei intestinal health, absorbability is strong, food utilization efficiency is high, feed coefficient is low, simultaneously probio can effectively decompose water body organism, improve water body environment, promote energy cycle of matter in the pond, suppressed harmful bacteria breeding, be conducive to growing up healthy and sound of Penaeus Vannmei;
4) granulation technique of the present invention can improve the resistance to water of feed, reduces the molten mistake of feed in water, has reduced the direct pollution of feed to breeding water body, has protected environment;
5) raw material used in the present invention is feedstuff, does not contain artificial color and chemical addition agent, meets national safety standard and forage health standard, can not produce harmful effect to nutritive value and the food security of Penaeus Vannmei.
The invention provides special-purpose efficient penaeus vannamei boone feed and its preparation method of winter canopy cultivation that a kind of survival rate height, fast growth, water stability are good, ingest fast, easy to use, low in the pollution of the environment, currently take canopy when cultivation in winter at low temperature to solve, the problems such as the Penaeus Vannmei growth is slow, morbidity is severe, survival rate is low promote the sound development of culture of Penaeus vannamei industry.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is further specified.
Embodiment 1:
The special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of winter canopy cultivation, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 3%, fish meal 25%, fly maggot powder 3%, chicken meal 3%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2%, marine animal protein zymolyte 4%, cuttlefish powder 5%, shrimp shell meal 5%, seawood meal 2%, fermented bean dregs 3%, dregs of beans 4.88%, peanut meal 3%, corn protein powder 3%, wheat flour strength flour 2%, wheat flour 10%, glucose 3%, sucrose 3%, squid viscera powder 3%, fish oil 3%, soya-bean oil 1.5%, soybean lecithin powder 2%, Choline Chloride 0.3%, B B-complex 0.2%, composite mineral matter 2%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, phytoecdysone 0.12%, B-glucan and manna oligosacchride mixture 0.3%, antibacterial peptide 0.5%, bacillus 0.02%, lactic acid bacteria 0.02%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.05%, strepogenin 0.03%, betaine 1%, dibutyl is through basic toluene 0.03%, Sodium Benzoate 0. 05%.
Wherein, the B B-complex content in the per kilogram feed is: vitamin A 5,000,000 IU, cholecalciferol 3,000,000 IU, vitamin E 55g, prokeyvit 10g, vitamin B1 6 g, vitamin B2 17g, vitamin B6 13g, cobalamin 25mg, biotin 88mg, nicotinic acid 45g, calcium pantothenate 28g, folic acid 2.8g, inositol 160g, VC monophosphate fat 350g, the rest is defatted rice bran.
Wherein, the composite mineral matter content in the per kilogram feed is: calcium 0. 7g, phosphorus 0. 9g, potassium 80g, magnesium 15g, iron 1.5g, zinc 18g, copper 3.8g, cobalt 170mg, iodine 50mg, selenium 3. 9mg, the rest is zeolite powder.
Its preparation method is:
1) takes by weighing Choline Chloride, B B-complex, composite mineral matter, shelling element (phytoecdysone), immune polysaccharide (B-glucan and manna oligosacchride mixture), antioxidant (dibutyl is through basic toluene), the mould inhibitor (Sodium Benzoate) of corresponding weight and carry out premixed by above-mentioned prescription;
2) except fish oil, take by weighing other raw materials of corresponding weight by described prescription;
3) with step 1) and step 2) mixing of materials that obtains, mixture is pulverized;
4) material after will pulverizing is sent into micronizer and is pulverized;
5) material after will pulverizing adds the fish oil of corresponding weight and the water of 40 kg/tonnes of feeds, then mixes;
6) mixed material is sent into storehouse to be granulated, through double-deck quality controling machine, and adds steam, with granulator with mixture make particle diameter 1. 3mm, length is the 1-2 feed granules doubly of particle diameter; ,
7) feed granules is remained in 100-105 ℃ 45 minutes in stablizing ager;
8) with cold wind dehydration, cooling, making the particle water content is 10-11%, and particle temperature is down to room temperature;
9) particle is passed through disintegrating machine, flow into and revolve the riddler classification, the particle material between standard screen 32 orders and 22 orders is mixed feed.
Embodiment 2:
The special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of winter canopy cultivation, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 6%, fish meal 35%, fly maggot powder 2%, chicken meal 3%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 1%, marine animal protein zymolyte 2%, cuttlefish powder 2%, shrimp shell meal 2%, seawood meal 2.43%, fermented bean dregs 8%, dregs of beans 3%, peanut meal 8%, corn protein powder 2%, wheat flour strength flour 1%, wheat flour 10%, glucose 2%, sucrose 2%, squid viscera powder 2%, fish oil 2%, soya-bean oil 1%, soybean lecithin powder 1%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, B B-complex 0.1%, composite mineral matter 1%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%, animal moulting hormone 0. 1%, the mixture 0.1% of FOS and oligoisomaltose, antibacterial peptide 0.02%, bacillus 0.01%, lactic acid bacteria 0.01%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.02%, strepogenin 0.01%, TMAO 0.05%, ethoxyquinoline 0.02%, formic acid 0.03%.
Wherein, the B B-complex content in the per kilogram feed is: vitamin A 5,000,000 IU, cholecalciferol 3,000,000 IU, vitamin E 55g, prokeyvit 10g, vitamin B1 6 g, vitamin B2 17g, vitamin B6 13g, cobalamin 25mg, biotin 88mg, nicotinic acid 45g, calcium pantothenate 28g, folic acid 2.8g, inositol 160g, VC monophosphate fat 350g, the rest is defatted rice bran.
Wherein, the composite mineral matter content in the per kilogram feed is: calcium 0. 7g, phosphorus 0. 9g, potassium 80g, magnesium 15g, iron 1.5g, zinc 18g, copper 3.8g, cobalt 170mg, iodine 50mg, selenium 3. 9mg, the rest is zeolite powder.
Prescription according to present embodiment, its preparation method is substantially the same manner as Example 1, ratio according to the water of 30 kg/tonnes of feeds in the step (5) adds water, the shelling element of weighing is the animal moulting hormone in the step (1), immune polysaccharide is the mixture of FOS and oligoisomaltose, antioxidant is ethoxyquinoline, and mould inhibitor is formic acid.
Embodiment 3:
The special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of winter canopy cultivation, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 3%, fish meal 20%, fly maggot powder 3.7%, chicken 3%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 5%, marine animal protein zymolyte 2%, cuttlefish powder 2%, shrimp shell meal 2%, seawood meal 1%, fermented bean dregs 3%, dregs of beans 13%, peanut meal 3%, corn protein powder 2%, wheat flour strength flour 1%, wheat flour 20%, glucose 2%, sucrose 2%, squid viscera powder 2%, fish oil 2%, soya-bean oil 1%, soybean lecithin powder 1%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, B B-complex 0.1%, composite mineral matter 1.98%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, phytoecdysone 0.12%, the mixture 0.3% of B-glucan and FOS and oligoisomaltose, antibacterial peptide 0.5%, bacillus 0.02%, lactic acid bacteria 0.02%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.05%, strepogenin 0.04%, betaine and TMAO mixture 1%, dibutyl is through basic toluene and ethoxyquin morpholine mixture 0. 04%, Sodium Benzoate and formic acid mixtures 0. 03%.
Wherein, the B B-complex content in the per kilogram feed is: vitamin A 5,000,000 IU, cholecalciferol 3,000,000 IU, vitamin E 55g, prokeyvit 10g, vitamin B1 6 g, vitamin B2 17g, vitamin B6 13g, cobalamin 25mg, biotin 88mg, nicotinic acid 45g, calcium pantothenate 28g, folic acid 2.8g, inositol 160g, VC monophosphate fat 350g, the rest is defatted rice bran.
Wherein, the composite mineral matter content in the per kilogram feed is: calcium 0. 7g, phosphorus 0. 9g, potassium 80g, magnesium 15g, iron 1.5g, zinc 18g, copper 3.8g, cobalt 170mg, iodine 50mg, selenium 3. 9mg, the rest is zeolite powder.
Prescription according to present embodiment, its preparation method is substantially the same manner as Example 1, ratio according to the water of 50 kg/tonnes of feeds in the step (5) adds water, the shelling element of weighing is phytoecdysone in the step (1), immune polysaccharide is the mixture of B-glucan and FOS and oligoisomaltose, antioxidant be dibutyl through basic toluene and ethoxyquin morpholine mixture, mould inhibitor is Sodium Benzoate and formic acid mixtures.
Embodiment 4
The special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of winter canopy cultivation, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 3%, fish meal 20%, fly maggot powder 2%, chicken meal 7%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 1%, marine animal protein zymolyte 6%, cuttlefish cream 6%, shrimp shell meal 2%, seawood meal 3%, fermented bean dregs 3.7%, dregs of beans 3%, peanut meal 3%, corn protein powder 7%, wheat flour strength flour 5%, wheat flour 10%, glucose 2%, sucrose 2%, squid viscera powder 2%, fish oil 2%, soya-bean oil 1%, soybean lecithin powder 1%, Choline Chloride 0.4%, B B-complex 0.1%, composite mineral matter 1%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3%, phytoecdysone 0.3%, the mixture 0.25% of B-glucan and manna oligosacchride and FOS and oligoisomaltose, antibacterial peptide 1%, bacillus 0.03%, lactic acid bacteria 0.03%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.06%, strepogenin 0.05%, TMAO 2%, ethoxyquinoline 0. 04%, formic acid 0.04%.
Wherein, the B B-complex content in the per kilogram feed is: vitamin A 5,000,000 IU, cholecalciferol 3,000,000 IU, vitamin E 55g, prokeyvit 10g, vitamin B1 6 g, vitamin B2 17g, vitamin B6 13g, cobalamin 25mg, biotin 88mg, nicotinic acid 45g, calcium pantothenate 28g, folic acid 2.8g, inositol 160g, VC monophosphate fat 350g, the rest is defatted rice bran.
Wherein, the composite mineral matter content in the per kilogram feed is: calcium 0. 7g, phosphorus 0. 9g, potassium 80g, magnesium 15g, iron 1.5g, zinc 18g, copper 3.8g, cobalt 170mg, iodine 50mg, selenium 3. 9mg, the rest is zeolite powder.
Prescription according to present embodiment, its preparation method is substantially the same manner as Example 1, ratio according to the water of 40 kg/tonnes of feeds in the step (5) adds water, the shelling element of weighing is phytoecdysone in the step (1), immune polysaccharide is the mixture of B-glucan and manna oligosacchride and FOS and oligoisomaltose, antioxidant is ethoxyquinoline, and mould inhibitor is formic acid.
Embodiment 5
The special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of winter canopy cultivation, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 3%, fish meal 20%, fly maggot powder 2%, chicken meal 3%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 1%, marine animal protein zymolyte 2%, cuttlefish cream 2%, shrimp shell meal 2%, seawood meal 1%, fermented bean dregs 3.2%, dregs of beans 3.5%, peanut meal 3%, corn protein powder 4%, wheat flour strength flour 5%, wheat flour 10%, glucose 5%, sucrose 5%, squid viscera powder 6%, fish oil 4%, soya-bean oil 2%, soybean lecithin powder 3%, Choline Chloride 0.4%, B B-complex 0.1%, composite mineral matter 3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3%, animal moulting hormone 0.3%, the mixture 0.3% of manna oligosacchride and oligoisomaltose, antibacterial peptide 1%, bacillus 0.03%, lactic acid bacteria 0.03%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.04%, strepogenin 0.02%, TMAO 2%, ethoxyquinoline 0. 04%, Sodium Benzoate 0.04%.
Wherein, the B B-complex content in the per kilogram feed is: vitamin A 5,000,000 IU, cholecalciferol 3,000,000 IU, vitamin E 55g, prokeyvit 10g, vitamin B1 6 g, vitamin B2 17g, vitamin B6 13g, cobalamin 25mg, biotin 88mg, nicotinic acid 45g, calcium pantothenate 28g, folic acid 2.8g, inositol 160g, VC monophosphate fat 350g, the rest is defatted rice bran.
Wherein, the composite mineral matter content in the per kilogram feed is: calcium 0. 7g, phosphorus 0. 9g, potassium 80g, magnesium 15g, iron 1.5g, zinc 18g, copper 3.8g, cobalt 170mg, iodine 50mg, selenium 3. 9mg, the rest is zeolite powder.
Prescription according to present embodiment, its preparation method is substantially the same manner as Example 1, ratio according to the water of 40 kg/tonnes of feeds in the step (5) adds water, the shelling element of weighing is the animal moulting hormone in the step (1), immune polysaccharide is the mixture of manna oligosacchride and oligoisomaltose, antioxidant is ethoxyquinoline, and mould inhibitor is Sodium Benzoate.

Claims (8)

1. a winter canopy cultivates special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed, it is characterized in that, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 3-6%, fish meal 20-35%, fly maggot powder 2-4%, chicken meal 3-7%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 1-5%, marine animal protein zymolyte 2-6%, cuttlefish cream 2-6%, shrimp shell meal 2-5%, seawood meal 1-3%, fermented bean dregs 3-8%, dregs of beans 3-13%, peanut meal 3-8%, corn protein powder 2-7%, wheat flour strength flour 1-5%, wheat flour 10-20%, glucose 2-5%, sucrose 2-5%, squid viscera powder 2-6%, fish oil 2-4%, soya-bean oil 1-2%, soybean lecithin powder 1-3%, Choline Chloride 0.1-0.4%, B B-complex 0.1-0.2%, composite mineral matter 1-3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-3%, plain 0.1-0.3% shells, immune polysaccharide 0.1-0.3%, antibacterial peptide 0.02-1%, bacillus 0.01-0.03%, lactic acid bacteria 0.01-0.03%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.02-0.06%, strepogenin 0.01-0.05%, phagostimulant 0.05-2%, antioxidant 0.02-0.04%, mould inhibitor 0.03-0.05%.
2. a kind of winter canopy as claimed in claim 1 cultivates special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed, it is characterized in that, with air-dry thing weight percent meter, this feed is comprised of following component: krill meal 3%, fish meal 25%, fly maggot powder 3%, chicken meal 3%, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2%, marine animal protein zymolyte 4%, cuttlefish cream 5%, shrimp shell meal 5%, seawood meal 2%, fermented bean dregs 3%, dregs of beans 4.88%, peanut meal 3%, corn protein powder 3%, wheat flour strength flour 2%, wheat flour 10%, glucose 3%, sucrose 3%, squid viscera powder 3%, fish oil 3%, soya-bean oil 1.5%, soybean lecithin powder 2%, Choline Chloride 0.3%, B B-complex 0.2%, composite mineral matter 2%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, shelling element 0.12%, immune polysaccharide 0.3%, antibacterial peptide 0.5%, bacillus 0.02%, lactic acid bacteria 0.02%, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 0.05%, strepogenin 0.03%, phagostimulant 1%, antioxidant 0.03%, mould inhibitor 0.05%.
3. the special-purpose efficient penaeus vannamei boone feed of a kind of winter canopy cultivation as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that described phagostimulant is both mixtures of betaine or TMAO or arbitrary proportion.
4. the special-purpose efficient penaeus vannamei boone feed of a kind of winter canopy cultivation as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that described antioxidant is that dibutyl is through both compounds of basic toluene or ethoxyquinoline or arbitrary proportion.
5. the special-purpose efficient penaeus vannamei boone feed of a kind of winter canopy cultivation as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that described mould inhibitor is both mixtures of Sodium Benzoate or formic acid or arbitrary proportion.
6. the special-purpose efficient penaeus vannamei boone feed of a kind of winter canopy cultivation as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that described immune polysaccharide is two or more mixtures of a kind of or arbitrary proportion in B-glucan, manna oligosacchride, FOS, the oligoisomaltose.
7. the special-purpose efficient penaeus vannamei boone feed of a kind of winter canopy cultivation as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that described shelling element is phytoecdysone or animal moulting hormone.
8. a method for preparing such as the special-purpose litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of above-mentioned canopy cultivation of described winter of any claim is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
1) takes by weighing Choline Chloride, B B-complex, composite mineral matter, shelling element, immune polysaccharide, antioxidant, the mould inhibitor of corresponding weight and carry out premixed by the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prescription;
2) except fish oil, take by weighing other raw materials of corresponding weight by the litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prescription;
3) with step 1) and step 2) mixing of materials that obtains, mixture is pulverized;
4) material after will pulverizing is sent into micronizer and is pulverized;
5) material after will pulverizing adds the fish oil of corresponding weight and the water of 30-50 kg/tonne of feed, then mixes;
6) mixed material is sent into storehouse to be granulated, through double-deck quality controling machine, and add steam, with granulator mixture is made feed granules;
7) feed granules is remained in 100-105 ℃ 45 minutes in stablizing ager;
8) with cold wind dehydration, cooling, make particle temperature be down to room temperature;
9) particle is passed through disintegrating machine, flow into and revolve the riddler classification, the particle material between standard screen 32 orders and 22 orders is mixed feed.
CN2012101653171A 2012-05-25 2012-05-25 Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed special for winter shed cultivation and preparation method for feed CN102648739B (en)