CN102642831A - Integrated stove - Google Patents

Integrated stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102642831A
CN102642831A CN2012101204100A CN201210120410A CN102642831A CN 102642831 A CN102642831 A CN 102642831A CN 2012101204100 A CN2012101204100 A CN 2012101204100A CN 201210120410 A CN201210120410 A CN 201210120410A CN 102642831 A CN102642831 A CN 102642831A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
oven
activating
activation
flue
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012101204100A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张立军
张鹏远
Original Assignee
张鹏远
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张鹏远 filed Critical 张鹏远
Priority to CN2012101204100A priority Critical patent/CN102642831A/en
Publication of CN102642831A publication Critical patent/CN102642831A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an integrated stove, which comprises an activating oven. The integrated stove in particularly comprises a boiler and a flue gas pipeline arranged at the side of the boiler. The activating oven is communicated with the boiler by the flue gas pipeline, and the redundant gas generated in the activating oven is delivered into the boiler to the second burning via the flue gas pipeline. The integrated stove provided by the invention carbonizes and activates the shell material, then integrated into the boiler. One step carbonization and activating are adopted, and the integrated stove has the advantages of simple structure, high production efficiency and good activating effect. The gas generated in the process of activating in the activating oven is delivered to the boiler through the gas pipeline to the second burning so as to produce steam, and the steam enters the activating oven to be activated. The activating reaction is sufficient and the indexes exceed the national standards, the redundant steam is provided for factories and dwelling, which is useful for energy conservation and emission reduction.

Description

A kind of all-in-one oven
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of all-in-one oven, particularly a kind of is the all-in-one oven that the raw material single stage method is produced gac with the shell class.
Background technology
Gac is the important materials of multiple industry and environmental protection industry (epi), and market demand grows with each passing day.Main process with shell class raw material production gac is that raw material is carried out charing and activation at a certain temperature, makes it reach the regulation physical and chemical index.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of not only environmental protection but also energy-conservation all-in-one oven.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is following: a kind of all-in-one oven; Comprise activation furnace; Said all-in-one oven also comprises boiler and is located at the flue of said boiler one side; Said activation furnace is connected with said boiler through said flue, makes the interior unnecessary flue gas that produces of said activation furnace be transported to through said flue and carries out secondary combustion in the said boiler.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: all-in-one oven of the present invention is integrated into raw material charing of shell class and activation earlier in the activation body of heater; Adopt single stage method activation charing; Simple in structure, production efficiency is high, activation effect good, the flue gas that in activation furnace, produces in the activatory process then is transported to through flue and carries out secondary combustion in the said boiler, carries out activation thereby the water vapor that produces gets into activation furnace again; Priming reaction is abundant; Each item index is all above national standard, and the remainder steam is given plant area's heat supply and residential quarters heat supply, effectively reaches effects of energy saving and emission reduction.
On the basis of technique scheme, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further; Said all-in-one oven also comprises the water vapor pipeline of being located at said boiler one side; Said boiler is connected with said activation furnace through said water vapor pipeline, makes the interior water vapor that produces of said boiler be transported in the said activation furnace through said water vapor pipeline.
Further, the said boiler side that is not provided with flue is provided with the hot gas mouth.
Adopt the beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme to be; Boiler is provided with the hot gas mouth, makes in the boiler unnecessary hot gas can be used for heating and connects caliduct through the hot gas mouth, and the energy that reaches in activation furnace to be produced utilizes fully; And there is not any waste, not only environmental protection but also energy-conservation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of all-in-one oven of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of activation furnace in the all-in-one oven of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of first heterotypic fire brick;
Fig. 5 is the front view of first heterotypic fire brick;
Fig. 6 is the right view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the rear view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is the front view of second heterotypic fire brick;
Fig. 9 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is the vertical view of Fig. 7.
In the accompanying drawing 1, the list of parts of each label representative is following:
01, activation furnace, 02, boiler, 03, flue, 04, the water vapor pipeline, 05, the hot gas mouth.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing principle of the present invention and characteristic are described, institute gives an actual example and only is used to explain the present invention, is not to be used to limit scope of the present invention.
A kind of all-in-one oven; As shown in Figure 1; Comprise activation furnace 01; Said all-in-one oven also comprises boiler 02 and is located at the flue 03 of said boiler 02 1 sides that said activation furnace 01 is connected with said boiler 02 through said flue 03, makes the said activation furnace 01 interior unnecessary flue gas that produces be transported in the said boiler 02 through said flue 03 and carries out secondary combustion.
Said all-in-one oven also comprises the water vapor pipeline 04 of being located at said boiler 02 1 sides; Said boiler 02 is connected with said activation furnace 01 through said water vapor pipeline 04, makes the said boiler 02 interior water vapor that produces be transported in the said activation furnace 01 through said water vapor pipeline 04.
The side that said boiler 02 is not provided with flue 03 is provided with hot gas mouth 05.
Said activation furnace 01 comprises body of heater 1, is provided with feed bin 2 at the top of 1 body of heater, and feed bin 2 adopts common refractory brick to build by laying bricks or stones and forms; Water sealed tank and the sealing of water sealed tank lid are adopted in the top of feed bin 2, and the material stock amount is big, prevents that flue gas from leaking; Totally pollution-free; The bottom of feed bin 2 is provided with eight opening for feeds 21, sets gradually preheating section 3, charing section 4, activation section 5 and cooling section 6 in the body of heater 1 from top to bottom, and preheating section 3, charing section 4, activation section 5 and cooling section 6 inside are all built the hopper 7 and the quirk that form by laying bricks or stones by refractory brick and formed; Wherein, Preheating section 3, charing section 4, activation section 5 and cooling section 6 inner hoppers 7 connect successively and form separate one by one vertical passage, and the number of this vertical passage is corresponding with the number of opening for feed 21, and preheating section 3, charing section 4, activation section 5 and cooling section 6 inside are equipped with eight hoppers 7; Each all is connected with an opening for feed 21 by the top that hopper 7 connects the vertical passage that forms; The bottom all is connected with a blanking device 22, and quirk comprises vertical quirk 81 of being positioned at each hopper 7 both sides and in order to be communicated with the horizontal quirk 82 of vertical quirk 81, and vertically quirk 81 and hopper 7 are communicated with through smoke hole; Laterally quirk 82 be looped around hopper 7 around; Quirk is provided with air 701 and exhanst gas outlet 702, also is provided with dividing plate 9 between vertical quirk 81 of preheating section 3, charing section 4, activation section 5 and cooling section 6, and an end of dividing plate 9 is fixed on the inwall of vertical quirk 81; Leave the space between the other end and vertical quirk 81 inwalls; Thereby make vertical quirk 81 of preheating section 3, charing section 4, activation section 5 and cooling section 6 communicate successively, form a circuitous flue gas backhaul, activation section 5 also is provided with in order in hopper 7, to feed the steam system of steam with cooling section 6.
Preheating section 3 all is to adopt first heterotypic fire brick 10 that can increase raw material and air contact area to build by laying bricks or stones to form its inner hopper 7 and quirk with charing section 4.
Extremely shown in Figure 6 like Fig. 3; First heterotypic fire brick 10 comprises the first brick body 100; The first brick body 100 is the cuboid structure, and the side surface that the first brick body 100 constitutes hopper 7 sidewalls is provided with opening 101, and this hexahedron structure is provided with groove 102 with two the adjacent side surfaces of side surface that offer opening 101; And groove 102 communicates with opening 101; The cross-sectional shape of groove 102 is identical with opening 101, and groove 102 is an elongate in shape, and the groove 102 of elongate in shape and the seamed edge of the first brick body 100 are 45 ° of angles.
Opening 101 is to be suppressed by a port of groove 102 to form; Be that groove 102 communicates with opening 101; And opening 101 shapes and groove 102 cross-sectional shapes are complementary; The width of one end port of long strip shape groove 102 cell bodies is 58mm (width that is opening 101 is 58mm), and the width of the other end port is 41mm, and the degree of depth of groove 102 cell bodies is 20mm.
Activation section 5 adopts first heterotypic fire brick 10 and second heterotypic fire brick 20 to build by laying bricks or stones and forms its inner hopper 7 and quirk, and first heterotypic fire brick 10 is positioned at second heterotypic fire brick, 20 tops.
Like Fig. 7 and shown in Figure 8; Second heterotypic fire brick 20 comprises the second brick body 200; The tubular structure of the second brick body 200 axial vapour passage 201 for the center has; The second brick body, 200 side surfaces are provided with the gas orifice 202 that is communicated with vapour passage 201, and gas orifice 202 communicates with hopper 7, and an end face of the second brick body 200 is provided with the protruding platform 203 that connects; Another end face is provided with protruding and connects the recessed access slot 204 that platform 203 structures are complementary, and vapour passage 201 runs through protruding platform 203 and the recessed access slot 204 of connecing of connection; The splicing of a plurality of second heterotypic fire bricks 20 head and the tail is built by laying bricks or stones, and the vapour passage 201 on each second brick body 200 connects into a passage, and it has just constituted the steam system of this activation furnace jointly with the gas orifice 202 on the second brick body 200.
Be provided with at the second brick body 200 on the side surface of gas orifice 202 and also be provided with protruding eaves 205, and gas orifice 202 is positioned at the below of protruding eaves 205.Protruding eaves 205 cross sections are trilateral, and this protruding eaves 205 and the second brick body 200 connect as one structure.Protruding connect platform 203 and with it the recessed access slot that is complementary of structure 204 be circular cone structure.
Cooling section 6 is to adopt second heterotypic fire brick 20 to build by laying bricks or stones to form its inner hopper 7 and quirk.
One end face of second heterotypic fire brick 20 is provided with the protruding platform that connects, and the other end is provided with recessed access slot, the protruding design that connects platform and recessed access slot; Help between the refractory brick splicing, assemble, build by laying bricks or stones, be beneficial to and stop the steam heat diffusion, simultaneously; Protruding eaves is set being provided with on the brick body sidewall of gas orifice; Can play foreign material such as blocks dust and fall in the gas orifice, avoid stopping up gas orifice, firebrick structure of the present invention is simple, easy to assembly.
First heterotypic fire brick 10 and second heterotypic fire brick 20 all adopt yellow clay, kaolinite grog to form by the configuration of GB/T3995-2006LQ140-1 grade standard.
Its physics and chemistry content is:
A1 2O 3Content>=48%, Fe 2O 3Content≤2.0%, volume density>=0.1g/cm 3, cold crushing strength>=4.0MPa heats permanent line and changes 1400 ℃ of≤2% experimental temperatures.
One activation furnace working process of the present invention is:
The shell raw material enters into preheating section 3 through the opening for feed 21 of feed bin 2, in preheating section 3, through refractory brick the shell raw material is heated, and plays oven dry, preheating effect, and temperature can reach 300~500 ℃.
Shell raw material behind preheating section 3 moves downward along connecting the vertical passage that forms by hopper 7; Enter in the hopper 7 of charing section 4; The shell raw material in hopper 7 with the abundant catalytic combustion of air, the inflammable gas of generation gets in vertical quirk 81 through smoke hole, vertically bubbling air in the quirk; The mixed gas of air and inflammable gas flows downward along vertical quirk 81, and the charing of shell raw material becomes fruit shell carbon to move downward activation section 5 along hopper 7.
Steam is passed in the vapour passage 201 of second heterotypic fire brick 20 that constitutes activation section 5; Steam is heated to form the water vapour of hyperthermia and superheating in vapour passage 201; And enter into hopper 7 by the gas orifice 202 on second heterotypic fire brick 20, and mixes the formation acvator fruit shell carbon is carried out activation with inflammable gass in the hopper 7, the heat of activation section 5 is replenished by inflammable gas in the quirk and Air mixing gaseous combustion; Temperature can remain on 800~1000 ℃ and not lower the temperature; Keep this section temperature, the product adsorptive power improves a lot, and compares the product adsorptive power with the type of furnace in the past and improves 20%.
Fruit shell carbon behind overactivation enters in the hopper 7 of cooling section 6; In second heterotypic fire brick 20 that constitutes this cooling section 6, feeding cold steam lowers the temperature; Hopper 7 outer setting lagging materials make fruit shell carbon finished product temperature drop to below 300 ℃ with secluding air.
The easy burning fume of the unnecessary high calorie that activation furnace 01 is produced in process of production is transported in the said boiler 02 through flue 03 and carries out secondary combustion; Thereby a large amount of water vapors that produce are transported in the said activation furnace 01 through water vapor pipeline 04 again, strengthen the gac activation efficiency and make gac activation integrity degree near 100% simultaneously.
Hot water in the boiler 02 can be drunk or use it for anything else in addition, and unnecessary hot gas can be used for warming oneself, and is connected to caliduct through hot gas mouth 05.
The above is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is in order to restriction the present invention, not all within spirit of the present invention and principle, any modification of being done, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. all-in-one oven; Comprise activation furnace; It is characterized in that: said all-in-one oven also comprises boiler and is located at the flue of said boiler one side; Said activation furnace is connected with said boiler through said flue, makes the interior unnecessary flue gas that produces of said activation furnace be transported to through said flue and carries out secondary combustion in the said boiler.
2. all-in-one oven according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said all-in-one oven also comprises the water vapor pipeline of being located at said boiler one side; Said boiler is connected with said activation furnace through said water vapor pipeline, makes the interior water vapor that produces of said boiler be transported in the said activation furnace through said water vapor pipeline.
3. all-in-one oven according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the side that said boiler is not provided with flue is provided with the hot gas mouth.
CN2012101204100A 2012-04-23 2012-04-23 Integrated stove CN102642831A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101204100A CN102642831A (en) 2012-04-23 2012-04-23 Integrated stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101204100A CN102642831A (en) 2012-04-23 2012-04-23 Integrated stove

Publications (1)

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CN102642831A true CN102642831A (en) 2012-08-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN102642831A (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101186293A (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-05-28 同方炭素科技有限公司 Method for preparing granular activated carbon
CN101205063A (en) * 2007-11-01 2008-06-25 孔祥峰 Activated char activating furnace and technique for producing activated char by employing the same
CN201158593Y (en) * 2008-01-20 2008-12-03 吴殿元 High-efficiency energy-saving absorbent charcoal activation furnace
CN102161484A (en) * 2011-04-25 2011-08-24 李立建 Zero-coal-consumption activated carbon production process and production device used in same
CN102180465A (en) * 2011-03-16 2011-09-14 北京诺曼斯佰环保科技有限公司 Energy-saving clean activated carbon production system
CN202080897U (en) * 2011-04-25 2011-12-21 李立建 Active carbon production device with zero coal consumption
CN202164240U (en) * 2011-06-29 2012-03-14 张立军 High-temperature shaped refractory brick

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101186293A (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-05-28 同方炭素科技有限公司 Method for preparing granular activated carbon
CN101205063A (en) * 2007-11-01 2008-06-25 孔祥峰 Activated char activating furnace and technique for producing activated char by employing the same
CN201158593Y (en) * 2008-01-20 2008-12-03 吴殿元 High-efficiency energy-saving absorbent charcoal activation furnace
CN102180465A (en) * 2011-03-16 2011-09-14 北京诺曼斯佰环保科技有限公司 Energy-saving clean activated carbon production system
CN102161484A (en) * 2011-04-25 2011-08-24 李立建 Zero-coal-consumption activated carbon production process and production device used in same
CN202080897U (en) * 2011-04-25 2011-12-21 李立建 Active carbon production device with zero coal consumption
CN202164240U (en) * 2011-06-29 2012-03-14 张立军 High-temperature shaped refractory brick

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Address after: 122528, Liaoning province Chaoyang City Lingyuan River North Village tile roofed village village ditch group 5334

Applicant after: Zhang Pengyuan

Address before: 067500 Pingquan County, Chengde Town, Pingquan County, Hebei Province 7 groups

Applicant before: Zhang Pengyuan

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Application publication date: 20120822

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