CN102642055A - Fully-automatic tapping machine - Google Patents

Fully-automatic tapping machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102642055A
CN102642055A CN2012100990252A CN201210099025A CN102642055A CN 102642055 A CN102642055 A CN 102642055A CN 2012100990252 A CN2012100990252 A CN 2012100990252A CN 201210099025 A CN201210099025 A CN 201210099025A CN 102642055 A CN102642055 A CN 102642055A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
switch
tapping
automatic
delivery sheet
block
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012100990252A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102642055B (en
Inventor
吴胜春
吴庆云
毛家海
Original Assignee
景宁畲族自治县通用机械配件厂(普通合伙)
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Priority to CN2012100990252A priority Critical patent/CN102642055B/en
Publication of CN102642055A publication Critical patent/CN102642055A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102642055B publication Critical patent/CN102642055B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a fully-automatic tapping machine which comprises a machine frame, wherein the machine frame is provided with an operating platform, and the operating platform is provided with an automatic feeding mechanism, an automatic clamping mechanism and an automatic tapping mechanism. According to the fully-automatic tapping machine, the operating platform, the automatic feeding mechanism, the automatic clamping mechanism, the automatic tapping mechanism, a material receiving plate and the like are reasonably arranged on the machine frame, so that the whole machine integrates the functions of automatic feeding, feed-linkage clamping, automatic tapping, automatic cutter retracting, automatic blanking, automatic material and residue separation, automatic cycle and the like, many problems of the traditional equipment and currently-emerging equipment are solved, the tapping accuracy is effectively improved, the production cost is reduced, and the production and machining efficiency is increased. The fully-automatic tapping machine has a compact and reasonable structure and is convenient to operate and control, a plurality of fully-automatic tapping machines can be simultaneously managed by one person during use, and the machining efficiency is several times higher than that of the traditional tapping machine; and the machining accuracy is high, and the service effect is good, thus the fully-automatic tapping machine is worthy of popularization and application.

Description

Full-automatic tapping machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant equipment that is used for the securing member processing, especially a kind of be used for securing member attack in the full-automatic tapping machine of tooth.
Background technology
Securing member is to be fastenedly connected to use and use one type of Mechanical Fundamentals part very widely; At present; On various machineries, equipment, vehicle, boats and ships, railway, bridge, building, structure, instrument, instrument, instrument and articles for use etc., can see securing member miscellaneous.
Traditional securing member tapping processing is normally through manually being placed on workpiece in the clamping fixture seat; The manual operation anchor clamps make clamp again, then manually press down the tapping rig and carry out the tapping operation, have attacked the tooth defensive position and by switch the motor counter-rotating have been withdrawed from; Whole process operation personnel labor intensity is bigger; Automation degree of equipment is low, can't produce in enormous quantities, and the quality of production tends to receive operating personnel's mood to influence.
Having occurred some full-automatic tapping machines on the market, like one Chinese patent application number is to disclose a kind of clamping tool for machine work and automatic screw machine in 201110304488.3 the patent application, and its feed mechanism mainly constitutes a rotation system by entry table, retainer plate; Open one group of material folding groove around the entry table, after workpiece was sent to the material folding groove, entry table rotated; Workpiece is delivered to tapping drill bit place; Hold out against by clamping cylinder, carry out tapping again, attacked tooth after; Entry table is rotated further, and the swash plate of the workpiece after processing from opposite side tumbled.This feeding style because tapping control system receives timing system control to do the tapping action down, therefore at anchor clamps behind the clamping workpiece, anchor clamps and tapping control system do not have interlock and control and reacts; If the card machine in clamping process, occurs or do not have the situation of material, also may be accidents caused, there is potential safety hazard.In addition, in the running, entry table, retainer plate constantly repeat clamped cylinder in the rotation feeding and hold out against effect; Cause the anchor clamps deviation easily; Make the Workpiece tapping precision be difficult to guarantee, thereby the situation that occurs that feeding is not in place or even get stuck and crash, turn round thereby influence complete machine; And the required precision of tapping apparatus processing is high, and maintenance cost also is higher than common process equipment, is difficult to realize the low-cost high-efficiency production and processing during application.In addition, this feeding style when the securing member of processing different size, needs whole feed table is changed.And the feed table mounting structure is complicated, and very inconvenience is changed in more difficult dismounting, and therefore, this tapping machine is when the securing member of processing different size, and is very inconvenient.In addition, this processing mode, the bits of its generation are to tumble together with the workpiece that processes, and the material bits can't separate, and exist because of caused the danger of cracking of cutter by the smear metal wedging.In addition, spuious smear metal also possibly cause a large amount of downtimes, for fear of cracking of cutter, must manually remove smear metal.Aspect process time, this phenomenon can not be underestimated.Except the consideration of technical elements, the aggravation of international competition also forces factory to improve manufacture process, is included in each possible aspect and reduces cost.
Therefore, market in urgent need the automatic feed of a kind of ability, charging interlock clamping, automatic screw, automatic withdrawal, automatic blanking occur and expects that automatically the full-automatic tapping machine of high accuracy that slag separates satisfies the securing member production market demand.
Summary of the invention
The present invention will solve the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, and the automatic feed of a kind of ability, charging interlock automatic screw, automatic withdrawal, automatic blanking and the full-automatic tapping machine of high accuracy of expecting that automatically slag separates are provided, and satisfies the processing market demand.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: this full-automatic tapping machine, comprise frame, and frame is provided with workbench, and workbench is provided with automatic feeding mechanism, automatic clamping mechanism, automatic screw mechanism;
Automatic feeding mechanism comprises the feed ram cylinder that is fixed on the frame; Be connected with delivery sheet on the piston rod of feed ram cylinder; Delivery sheet slides and is arranged on the workbench, is fixed with touch panel on the delivery sheet, clamps contact block, and frame is provided with charging switch, clamping switch; The corresponding coupling of charging switch with touch panel, clamping switch and the corresponding coupling of clamping contact block;
Automatic clamping mechanism comprises the piston cylinder that holds out against that is fixed on the workbench both sides; Respectively hold out against on the piston rod of piston cylinder and all be connected with clamp head; Clamp head is slided and is arranged on the workbench, and the workbench between two clamp head is provided with blanking port, and two hold out against piston cylinder all connects control through clamping switch; Frame is provided with the tapping switch, one hold out against piston cylinder piston rod be provided with the tapping contact block that cooperates with the tapping switch actuating;
Automatic screw mechanism comprises the support of being located on the frame, and support is provided with motor, spindle drum, moves back lever switch, reversal switch, by-pass cock, and spindle drum is fixed with the tapping piston cylinder outward; This tapping piston cylinder respectively through the tapping switch, move back lever switch and connect control; The spindle drum below is linked with sliding seat through spring, is provided with movable block between spindle drum and the sliding seat, and the piston rod of tapping piston cylinder is connected fixing with movable block; Movable block be provided with move back the corresponding coupling of lever switch move back the bar contact block; Be provided with the main shaft that is connected with drive of motor in the spindle drum, be provided with the knife rest that is connected with spindle in the sliding seat, sliding seat is provided with the counter-rotating contact block of corresponding coupling with reversal switch; Also be provided with the adjusting contact block of corresponding coupling with by-pass cock on the sliding seat, knife rest is provided with cutter.
Like this, workpiece to be processed is placed on delivery sheet, starts power supply, manually click the charging switch, the charging switch is given the feed ram cylinder signal, and the piston rod of feed ram cylinder promotes delivery sheet and moves forward, and delivery sheet is pushed into workpiece under the cutter.At this moment; The clamping contact block that is fixed on the delivery sheet touches the clamping switch of being located on the frame; Clamping switch give at once be located at the workbench both sides hold out against the piston cylinder signal, make the piston rod that holds out against piston cylinder promote clamp head the workpiece under the cutter carried out clamping and positioning.The piston rod that holds out against piston cylinder is extending in the process that moves forward, and the tapping contact block that is located on this piston rod touches the tapping switch on the frame, and the tapping switch is given tapping piston cylinder signal at once.After the tapping piston cylinder was received the tapping signal, the piston rod of tapping piston cylinder promoted movable block and moves down, thereby sliding seat is pressed down, and knife rest is fixed a cutting tool workpiece is implemented tapping.After cutter is eaten into workpiece; The bar contact block that moves back that is fixed on the movable block touches and moves back lever switch; Move back lever switch moves back the bar signal for the tapping piston cylinder at once; The piston rod of tapping piston cylinder is regained and is resetted, and the bite of the piston rod thrust of tapping piston cylinder and cutter tapping is inconsistent when effectively avoiding tapping causes workpiece quality to descend or damage.Rotate because motor continues to drive main shaft, the cutter that is connected with spindle can down penetration of a cutting tool tapping automatically under original track.After cutter was accomplished tapping, the counter-rotating contact block that is fixed on the sliding seat touched the reversal switch on the support.Reversal switch obtains exporting reverse signal to motor behind the signal, thereby drives the cutter counter-rotating, and cutter is withdrawed from workpiece.When cutter withdrawed from workpiece, because sliding seat is provided with through the spring suspension, the contraction elasticity traction sliding seat of spring rose; In the sliding seat uphill process, the adjusting contact block of being located on the sliding seat touches by-pass cock, and delivery sheet is resetted; Delivery sheet withdraws from when resetting, and the touch panel that is fixed on the delivery sheet withdraws from the roof pressure to clamping switch, makes that hold out against piston cylinder withdraws from and reset; The workpiece of having attacked tooth drops from blanking port, accomplishes full-automatic tapping.The operation that links between a whole process automechanism, when one of them action is broken down, cutter just can not carry out the tapping action, has guaranteed the safety of operating personnel and equipment.
Further, be fixed with first block, limited block on the delivery sheet, blanking port one side workbench is provided with second block of corresponding setting with first block, and the limited block outside is the chamfered transition structure.Like this, above delivery sheet, tiltedly establish feed lead rail during use, workpiece to be processed is slipped on the delivery sheet from feed lead rail, and delivery sheet is only for placing a workpiece, and workpiece is kept out under the effect first block, is pushed under the cutter by delivery sheet.Under the effect of second block, feeding can not carried excessive, makes feeding more accurate.In delivery sheet feeding process, all the other limited of workpiece of following in first workpiece to be processed back block, and can't get into, thereby make delivery sheet be able to carry out feeding one by one.Because the limited block outside is the chamfered transition structure, can not blocked by second workpiece when limited block moves with delivery sheet.
Frame is provided with positive switch, delivery sheet reset switch, return piston cylinder; The piston rod of return piston cylinder is provided with the contact block that resets; The contact block that resets touches with positive switch, delivery sheet reset switch respectively and is equipped with, and the return piston cylinder connects control through by-pass cock.Like this, when cutter withdraws from workpiece, because sliding seat is provided with through the spring suspension; The contraction elasticity traction sliding seat of spring rises, and in the sliding seat uphill process, the adjusting contact block of being located on the sliding seat contacts by-pass cock; By-pass cock is given return piston cylinder actuating signal at once; The piston rod of return piston cylinder is made expanding-contracting action at once, and the contact block of being located on this piston rod that resets touches positive switch, delivery sheet reset switch respectively in moving process, make motor just change; The piston rod of feed ram cylinder is regained, and delivery sheet withdraws from and resets.When delivery sheet resets; Be fixed on limited block on the delivery sheet and withdraw from spacing to workpiece on the feed lead rail; Workpiece is fallen on the delivery sheet, and the touch panel that is fixed on the delivery sheet touches the charging switch on the frame, at this moment; The piston rod of the feed ram cylinder on the frame stretches out and promotes the delivery sheet feeding, thereby makes entire equipment charging, feeding, tapping, withdrawing automation the carrying out of circulation in order.
The workbench top is provided with spray gun, the corresponding coupling with cutter of spray gun.Like this, but spray gun jet lubrication agent, cooling agent etc. can improve the quality of cutter tapping, can effectively prolong cutter life simultaneously.
Each clamp head bottom is provided with groove, is fixed with pin on the frame of groove below, and this pin is distributed in the blanking port both sides and stretches in the groove.Owing to adding man-hour automatically; Lance ejection lubricant or cooling agent etc.; Anchor clamps withdraw from when resetting, and workpiece is being bonded under the effect of lubricant or cooling agent on the anchor clamps end face easily, and pin can effectively block workpiece; Make to glue to be able to strip down, guarantee that complete machine can normally orderly auto recycling with anchor clamps reset movement workpiece.
Frame is provided with the feed flow switch of control spray gun, touch panel on the delivery sheet and the corresponding coupling of this feed flow switch.Like this, when delivery sheet resetted at every turn, touch panel all can touch the feed flow switch, made spray gun to cutter jet lubrication agent or cooling agent.
Delivery sheet is provided with slide bar, and frame one side shaft is connected to connecting rod, and this connecting rod lower end is provided with the plate that connects material, and small end and slide bar interlock are provided with the corresponding coupling with blanking port of the plate that connects material.Like this, during the delivery sheet feeding, slide bar promotes connecting rod, and connecting rod rotates, and the plate that connects material is outwards released, and the waste material that produces during tapping can not drop on the plate that connects material; When delivery sheet withdraws from when resetting, slide bar pulling connecting rod, connecting rod rotates, and the plate that connects material inwardly is advanced to the blanking port below, and just this moment, workpiece fell, and the plate that connects material has been caught workpiece.Whole process can effectively be separated processing waste material that produces and the workpiece of accomplishing tapping, and is time saving and energy saving, reduces production costs greatly.
Charging switch, tapping switch, move back lever switch, reversal switch, positive switch, delivery sheet reset switch, the feed flow switch is travel switch or optoelectronic switch, clamping switch, by-pass cock are touch-switch.Touch-switch dubs by shift knob when using just can make switch connection, and switch breaks off when unclamping, and is convenient to interlock control.
Touch panel, clamp contact block, tapping contact block, move back the bar contact block, the counter-rotating contact block, regulate to be equipped with on contact block, block, the contact block that resets and regulate nail.Regulate nail and can turn adjusting, in application process, can regulate voluntarily, operate hommization more, be convenient to improve crudy according to needs such as the speed of service, sensitivity, efficient and precision.
The delivery sheet end is provided with cinder notch; Like this, add man-hour in tapping, waste material can in time drop from the cinder notch that falls, and helps workpiece in time to separate with waste material;
Be connected with loop control switch on the charging switch; Like this, when processing, when closing loop control switch, complete machine only carries out single charging, material folding, tapping and blanking processing; During the ON cycle gauge tap, complete machine can get into the Automatic Cycle state, conveniently controls;
The clamp head opposing end surface is provided with the arcuation recess; Like this, being convenient to delivery sheet delivers to workpiece between two clamp head; And help the clamp workpiece, avoid occurring in the feeding clamping process card machine phenomenon.
Frame is provided with electric cabinet; This electric cabinet is provided with power switch, motor switch, total control switch; Motor switch is connected setting with motor, total control switch respectively with charging switch, tapping switch, move back lever switch, reversal switch, positive switch, delivery sheet reset switch, feed flow switch, clamping switch, by-pass cock is connected setting; Like this, during use, first power-on switch connection main power source is opened motor switch again and is connected motor, then is convenient to control each linked switch at the unlatching total control switch, can carry out feeding processing, is convenient to control.
The effect that the present invention is useful is: compact conformation of the present invention, reasonable; Through reasonable Arrangement workbench on frame, automatic feeding mechanism, automatic clamping mechanism, automatic screw mechanism and the plate etc. that connects material; Realize the automatic feed of complete machine collection, charging interlock clamping, automatic screw, automatic withdrawal, automatic blanking, expect that slag separation and Automatic Cycle etc. are one automatically; The problems that legacy equipment and present emerging equipment exist have been solved; Effectively improve the tapping machining accuracy, reduce production cost, improve production and processing efficient.The present invention controls conveniently, can many whiles during use by a personal management, working (machining) efficiency is than the confidential high several times of traditional tapping, and machining accuracy is high, result of use is good, is worthy of popularization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 removes the perspective view behind the shell for the present invention;
Fig. 5 removes the perspective view behind the shell for the present invention;
Fig. 6 removes the perspective view behind the shell for the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: frame 1, workbench 2, feed ram cylinder 3, delivery sheet 4, touch panel 5 clamps contact block 6, charging switch 7, clamping switch 8; Hold out against piston cylinder 9, clamp head 10, blanking port 11, tapping switch 12, tapping contact block 13, motor 14, spindle drum 15 moves back lever switch 16; Reversal switch 17, by-pass cock 18, tapping piston cylinder 19, spring 20, sliding seat 21, movable block 22 moves back bar contact block 23, main shaft 24; Knife rest 25, counter-rotating contact block 26 is regulated contact block 27, cutter 28, feed lead rail 29, the first blocks 30, limited block 31, the second blocks 32; Chamfered transition structure 33, positive switch 34, delivery sheet reset switch 35, return piston cylinder 36, the contact block 37 that resets, spray gun 38, groove 39, pin 40; Feed flow switch 41, slide bar 42, connecting rod 43, the plate 44 that connects material is regulated nail 45, the cinder notch 46 that falls, arcuation recess 47, electric cabinet 48; Power switch 49, motor switch 50, support 51, total control switch 52, loop control switch 53, bull stick 54, switch block 55, back-moving spring 56.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described further:
With reference to accompanying drawing: this full-automatic tapping machine in the present embodiment, comprise frame 1, said frame 1 is provided with workbench 2, and workbench 2 is provided with automatic feeding mechanism, automatic clamping mechanism, automatic screw mechanism;
Automatic feeding mechanism comprises the feed ram cylinder 3 that is fixed on the frame 1; Be connected with delivery sheet 4 on the piston rod of feed ram cylinder 3, delivery sheet 4 slides and is arranged on the workbench 2, is fixed with touch panel 5 on the delivery sheet 4, clamps contact block 6; Frame 1 is provided with charging switch 7, clamping switch 8; Feed ram cylinder 3 connects control through charging switch 7, charging switch 7 and touch panel 5 corresponding couplings, clamping switch 8 and clamping contact block 6 corresponding couplings;
Automatic clamping mechanism comprise be fixed on workbench 2 both sides hold out against piston cylinder 9; Respectively hold out against on the piston rod of piston cylinder 9 and all be connected with clamp head 10; Clamp head 10 is slided and is arranged on the workbench 2, and the workbench 2 between two clamp head 10 is provided with blanking port 11, two and holds out against piston cylinder 9 all through clamping switch 8 connection controls; Frame 1 is provided with piston rod that tapping switch 12, holds out against piston cylinder 9 and is provided with tapping switch 12 and touches the tapping contact block 13 that cooperates;
Automatic screw mechanism comprises the support of being located on the frame 1 51; Support 51 is provided with motor 14, spindle drum 15, moves back lever switch 16, reversal switch 17, by-pass cock 18; The outer tapping piston cylinders 19 that are fixed with of spindle drum 15, this tapping piston cylinder 19 respectively through tapping switch 12, move back lever switch 16 and connect control, spindle drum 15 belows are linked with sliding seat 21 through spring 20; Be provided with movable block 22 between spindle drum 15 and the sliding seat 21; It is fixing that the piston rod of tapping piston cylinder 19 is connected with movable block 22, movable block 22 be provided with move back lever switch 16 corresponding mate move back bar contact block 23, be provided with the main shaft 24 that is in transmission connection with motor 14 in the spindle drum 15; Be provided with the knife rest 25 that is in transmission connection with main shaft 24 in the sliding seat 21; Sliding seat 21 is provided with the counter-rotating contact block 26 with reversal switch 17 corresponding couplings, also is provided with the adjusting contact block 27 with by-pass cock 18 corresponding couplings on the sliding seat 21, and knife rest 25 is provided with cutter 28.
Be fixed with first block 30, limited block 31 on the delivery sheet 4, the workbench 2 of blanking port 11 1 sides is provided with second block 32 with the 30 corresponding settings of first block, and limited block 31 outsides are chamfered transition structure 33.
Frame 1 is provided with positive switch 34, delivery sheet reset switch 35, return piston cylinder 36; The piston rod of return piston cylinder 36 is provided with the contact block 37 that resets; The contact block 37 that resets touches and is equipped with positive switch 34, delivery sheet reset switch 35 respectively, and return piston cylinder 36 connects control through by-pass cock 18.
Workbench 2 tops are provided with spray gun 38, spray gun 38 and cutter 28 corresponding couplings.
Each clamp head 10 bottom is provided with groove 39, is fixed with pin 40 on the frame 1 of groove 39 belows, and this pin 40 is distributed in blanking port 11 both sides and stretches in the groove 39.
Frame 1 is provided with the feed flow switch 41 of control spray gun 38, the touch panel 5 on the delivery sheet 4 and these feed flow switch 41 corresponding couplings.
Delivery sheet 4 is provided with slide bar 42, and frame 1 one side shafts are connected to connecting rod 43, and connecting rod 43 lower ends are provided with the plate 44 that connects material, and connecting rod 43 upper ends and slide bar 42 interlocks are provided with, and plate 44 and blanking port 11 corresponding couplings connect material.
Charging switch 7, tapping switch 12, move back lever switch 16, reversal switch 17, positive switch 34, delivery sheet reset switch 35, feed flow switch 41 is travel switch or optoelectronic switch, clamping switch 8, by-pass cock 18 are touch-switch.
Touch panel 5, clamp contact block 6, tapping contact block 13, move back bar contact block 23, counter-rotating contact block 26, regulate to be equipped with on contact block 27, first block 30, second block 32, the contact block 37 that resets and regulate nail 45.
Delivery sheet 4 ends are provided with cinder notch 46; Be connected with loop control switch 53 on the charging switch 7; Clamp head 10 opposing end surfaces are provided with arcuation recess 47; Frame 1 is provided with electric cabinet 48; This electric cabinet 48 is provided with power switch 49, motor switch 50, total control switch 52; Motor switch 50 is connected setting with motor 14, total control switch 52 respectively with charging switch 7, tapping switch 12, move back lever switch 16, reversal switch 17, positive switch 34, delivery sheet reset switch 35, feed flow switch 41, clamping switch 8, by-pass cock 18 is connected setting.
Frame is provided with the switch block of being convenient to touch tapping switch 12, and these switch block 55 1 ends are located at the tapping switch 22 turret terminals outside, and the other end and tapping contact block 13 touch coupling, and switch block 55 1 terminations have back-moving spring 56.
Also be provided with the bull stick 54 of being convenient to touch delivery sheet reset switch 35 on the frame, these bull stick 54 1 ends are located at the delivery sheet reset switch 35 turret terminals outside, and the other end touches coupling with the contact block 37 that resets, and is connected to back-moving spring 56 on the bull stick 54.
When the present invention uses; Above delivery sheet 4, tiltedly establish feed lead rail 29, workpiece to be processed is placed on the feeding guide 29 that links with pay-off, start power switch 49, motor switch 50, total control switch 52 successively; Workpiece to be processed is slipped on the delivery sheet 4 from feed lead rail 29; Delivery sheet 4 is only for placing a workpiece, and workpiece is kept out under the effect first block 30, guarantees that workpiece can accurately be pushed under the cutter 28 by delivery sheet 4.Under the effect of second block 32, feeding can not carried excessive, makes feeding more accurate.In delivery sheet feeding process, all the other limited 31 of workpiece of following in first workpiece to be processed back block, and can't get into, thereby make delivery sheet 4 be able to carry out feeding one by one.Because limited block 31 outsides are chamfered transition structure 33, can not blocked by second workpiece when limited block 31 moves with delivery sheet 4.Manually click starting switch 50, starting switch 50 is given feed ram cylinder 3 signals, and the piston rod of feed ram cylinder 3 promotes delivery sheet 4 and moves forward, and delivery sheet 4 is pushed into workpiece under the cutter 28.At this moment; The clamping contact block 6 that is fixed on the delivery sheet 4 touches the clamping switch of being located on the frame 18; Clamping switch 8 give at once be located at workbench 2 both sides hold out against piston cylinder 9 signals, the workpiece that the piston rod that holds out against piston cylinder 9 is promoted under 10 pairs of cutters 28 of clamp head carries out clamping and positioning.The piston rod that holds out against piston cylinder 9 is extending in the process that moves forward, and the tapping contact block 13 that is located on this piston rod touches the tapping switch 12 on the frame 1, and tapping switch 12 is given tapping piston cylinder 19 signals at once.After tapping piston cylinder 19 was received the tapping signal, the piston rod of tapping piston cylinder 19 promoted movable block 22 and moves down, thereby sliding seat 21 is pressed down, and made the knife rest 25 28 pairs of workpiece of fixing a cutting tool implement tappings.After cutter 28 is eaten into workpiece; The bar contact block 23 that moves back that is fixed on the movable block 22 touches and moves back lever switch 16; Move back lever switch 16 moves back the bar signal for tapping piston cylinder 19 at once; The piston rod of tapping piston cylinder 19 is regained and is resetted, and the bite of the piston rod thrust of tapping piston cylinder 19 and cutter 28 tappings is inconsistent when effectively avoiding tapping causes workpiece quality to descend or damage.Rotate because motor 14 continues to drive main shafts 24, with the cutter 28 that main shaft 24 is in transmission connection can down penetration of a cutting tool tappings automatically under original track.After cutter was accomplished tapping, the counter-rotating contact block 26 that is fixed on the sliding seat 21 touched the reversal switch 17 on the support 51.Reversal switch 17 obtains giving motor 14 output reverse signals behind the signal, thereby drives cutter 28 counter-rotatings, and cutter 28 is withdrawed from workpiece.When cutter 28 withdrawed from workpiece, because sliding seat 21 is provided with through spring 20 suspensions, the contraction elasticity traction sliding seat 21 of spring 20 rose; In sliding seat 21 uphill process; The adjusting contact block of being located on the sliding seat 21 27 touches by-pass cock 18, and by-pass cock 18 is given return piston cylinder 36 actuating signals at once, and the piston rod of return piston cylinder 36 is made expanding-contracting action at once; Be located at the contact block 37 that resets on this piston rod and in moving process, touch positive switch 34, delivery sheet reset switch 35 respectively; Make motor 14 just change, the piston rod of feed ram cylinder 3 is regained, and delivery sheet 4 withdraws from and resets.During delivery sheet 4 feedings, the slide bar 42 that is fixed on the delivery sheet 4 promotes connecting rod 43, and connecting rod 43 rotates, and the plate 44 that connects material that is fixed on connecting rod 43 lower ends is outwards released, and the waste material that produces during tapping can not drop on the plate 44 that connects material; When delivery sheet 4 withdraws from when resetting, slide bar 42 pulling connecting rods 43, connecting rod 43 rotates, and the plate 44 that connects material inwardly is advanced to blanking port 11 belows, and just this moment, workpiece fell, and the plate 44 that connects material has been caught workpiece.When delivery sheet 4 withdraws from when resetting; Be fixed on limited block 31 on the delivery sheet 4 and withdraw from spacing to workpiece on the feed lead rail 29; Workpiece is fallen on the delivery sheet 4, and the touch panel 5 that is fixed on the delivery sheet 4 touches the charging switch 7 on the frame 1, at this moment; The piston rod of the feed ram cylinder 3 on the frame 1 stretches out and promotes delivery sheet 4 feedings, thereby makes entire equipment charging, feeding, tapping, withdrawing automation the carrying out of circulation in order.In use, close loop control switch 53, complete machine only carries out single charging, material folding, tapping and blanking processing; ON cycle gauge tap 53, complete machine can get into the Automatic Cycle state, conveniently controls.
But spray gun 38 jet lubrication agent, cooling agent etc. can improve the quality of cutter 28 tappings, can effectively prolong cutter life simultaneously.Because effects such as spray gun 38 jet lubrication agent or cooling agent; Clamp head 10 withdraws from when resetting; Workpiece is being bonded under the effect of lubricant or cooling agent on the end face of clamp head 10 easily; At this moment pin 40 can effectively block workpiece, makes to glue to be able to strip down with the workpiece on clamp head 10 end faces of reset movement, guarantees that complete machine can normally orderly auto recycling.When delivery sheet 4 resetted at every turn, touch panel 5 all can touch feed flow switch 41, made spray gun 38 in an orderly manner to cutter jet lubrication agent or cooling agent.
Full-automatic tapping machine in the application of the invention carries out securing member tapping processing, can improve operating efficiency more than 5 times, and safe and reliable, result of use is good.
Though the present invention is through illustrating and describe with reference to preferred embodiment,, those skilled in the art should understand, and in the scope of claims, can do the various variation on form and the details.

Claims (10)

1. a full-automatic tapping machine comprises frame (1), and said frame (1) is provided with workbench (2), it is characterized in that: said workbench (2) is provided with automatic feeding mechanism, automatic clamping mechanism, automatic screw mechanism;
Said automatic feeding mechanism comprises the feed ram cylinder (3) that is fixed on the frame (1); Be connected with delivery sheet (4) on the piston rod of said feed ram cylinder (3); Said delivery sheet (4) slides and is arranged on the workbench (2); Be fixed with touch panel (5) on the said delivery sheet (4), clamp contact block (6), said frame (1) is provided with charging switch (7), clamping switch (8), and said feed ram cylinder (3) connects control through charging switch (7); Said charging switch (7) and the corresponding coupling of touch panel (5), said clamping switch (8) and the corresponding coupling of clamping contact block (6);
Said automatic clamping mechanism comprise be fixed on workbench (2) both sides hold out against piston cylinder (9); All be connected with clamp head (10) on the said piston rod that respectively holds out against piston cylinder (9); Said clamp head (10) is slided and is arranged on the workbench (2); Workbench (2) between said two clamp head (10) is provided with blanking port (11); Said two hold out against piston cylinder (9) all connects control through clamping switch (8), and said frame (1) is provided with tapping switch (12), said one hold out against piston cylinder (9) piston rod be provided with tapping switch (12) and touch the tapping contact block (13) that cooperates;
Said automatic screw mechanism comprises the support of being located on the frame (1) (51); Said support (51) is provided with motor (14), spindle drum (15), moves back lever switch (16), reversal switch (17), by-pass cock (18); The outer tapping piston cylinder (19) that is fixed with of said spindle drum (15); This tapping piston cylinder (19) respectively through tapping switch (12), move back lever switch (16) and connect control; Said spindle drum (15) below is linked with sliding seat (21) through spring (20); Be provided with movable block (22) between said spindle drum (15) and the sliding seat (21); It is fixing that the piston rod of said tapping piston cylinder (19) is connected with movable block (22), said movable block (22) be provided with move back the corresponding coupling of lever switch (16) move back bar contact block (23), be provided with in the said spindle drum (15) and main shaft (24) that motor (14) is in transmission connection; Be provided with the knife rest (25) that is in transmission connection with main shaft (24) in the said sliding seat (21); Said sliding seat (21) is provided with the counter-rotating contact block (26) with the corresponding coupling of reversal switch (17), also is provided with the adjusting contact block (27) with the corresponding coupling of by-pass cock (18) on the said sliding seat (21), and said knife rest (25) is provided with cutter (28).
2. full-automatic tapping machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: be fixed with first block (30), limited block (31) on the said delivery sheet (4); The workbench (2) of said blanking port (11) one sides is provided with second block (32) of corresponding setting with first block (30), and said limited block (31) outside is chamfered transition structure (33).
3. full-automatic tapping machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said frame (1) is provided with positive switch (34), delivery sheet reset switch (35), return piston cylinder (36); The piston rod of said return piston cylinder (36) is provided with the contact block that resets (37); The said contact block that resets (37) touches with positive switch (34), delivery sheet reset switch (35) respectively and is equipped with, and said return piston cylinder (36) connects control through by-pass cock (18).
4. full-automatic tapping machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said workbench (2) top is provided with spray gun (38), said spray gun (38) and the corresponding coupling of cutter (28).
5. full-automatic tapping machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said each clamp head (10) bottom is provided with groove (39); Be fixed with pin (40) on the frame (1) of said groove (39) below, this pin (40) is distributed in blanking port (11) both sides and stretches in the groove (39).
6. full-automatic tapping machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said frame (1) is provided with the feed flow switch (41) of control spray gun (38), touch panel (5) on the said delivery sheet (4) and the corresponding coupling of this feed flow switch (41).
7. according to claim 1,2,3,4 or 5 described full-automatic tapping machines; It is characterized in that: said delivery sheet (4) is provided with slide bar (42); Said frame (1) one side shaft is connected to connecting rod (43); Said connecting rod (43) lower end is provided with the plate that connects material (44), and said connecting rod (43) upper end is provided with said plate that connects material (44) and the corresponding coupling of blanking port (11) with slide bar (42) interlock.
8. full-automatic tapping machine according to claim 7; It is characterized in that: said charging switch (7), tapping switch (12), move back lever switch (16), reversal switch (17), positive switch (34), delivery sheet reset switch (35), feed flow switch (41) is travel switch or optoelectronic switch, said clamping switch (8), by-pass cock (18) are touch-switch.
9. full-automatic tapping machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said touch panel (5), clamp contact block (6), tapping contact block (13), move back bar contact block (23), counter-rotating contact block (26), regulate to be equipped with on contact block (27), first block (30), second block (32), the contact block that resets (37) and regulate nail (45).
10. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5 or 9 described full-automatic tapping machines, it is characterized in that: said delivery sheet (4) end is provided with cinder notch (46); Be connected with loop control switch (53) on the said charging switch (7); Said clamp head (10) opposing end surface is provided with arcuation recess (47); Said frame (1) is provided with electric cabinet (48); This electric cabinet (48) is provided with power switch (49), motor switch (50), total control switch (52); Said motor switch (50) is connected setting with motor (14), said total control switch (52) respectively with charging switch (7), tapping switch (12), move back lever switch (16), reversal switch (17), positive switch (34), delivery sheet reset switch (35), feed flow switch (41), clamping switch (8), by-pass cock (18) is connected setting.
CN2012100990252A 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Fully-automatic tapping machine CN102642055B (en)

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CN103521854A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-22 株洲凯丰实业有限公司 Full-automatic floating tapping machine for pipe joint tapping and tapping method thereof
CN103962841A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-08-06 东莞市钲锟精密五金有限公司 Method for tapping of special-shaped nut by means of cam type automatic lathe and device
CN104209601A (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-17 昆山金群力精密模具有限公司 Full-automatic on-line tapping device
CN104416241A (en) * 2013-08-21 2015-03-18 常州森旭自动化科技有限公司 Double-end thread milling device
CN104858511A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-08-26 芜湖三花自控元器件有限公司 Tapping machining device and technology for plug of four-way reversing valve
CN104889509A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-09 思维福特南通精密机械有限公司 Efficient nut tapping machine
CN105057811A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 海盐机械设备制造有限公司 Energy-saving and efficient four-axis horizontal-type tapping machine
WO2016138672A1 (en) * 2015-03-05 2016-09-09 深圳市京田精密科技有限公司 Tapping machine control system and control method
CN106001794A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-10-12 安庆市津海工业产品设计有限公司 Automatic tapping speed regulation module of automatic tapping machine
CN106424978A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-02-22 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Sphygmomanometer watchcase double-end tapping equipment
CN106475641A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-03-08 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Sphygmomanometer watchcase threading apparatus
CN106670593A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-17 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Double-end tapping device for sphygmomanometer watchcase
CN106735623A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-31 玫德集团有限公司 A kind of bend pipe tools double tapping special machine tool
CN107262849A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-20 浙江通泰轴承有限公司 A kind of full automatic tapping device
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CN104209601A (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-17 昆山金群力精密模具有限公司 Full-automatic on-line tapping device
CN104416241A (en) * 2013-08-21 2015-03-18 常州森旭自动化科技有限公司 Double-end thread milling device
CN103521854B (en) * 2013-10-12 2015-09-23 株洲凯丰实业有限公司 A kind of full-automatic floating tapping machine for combing outstanding tapping and tapping method thereof
CN103521854A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-22 株洲凯丰实业有限公司 Full-automatic floating tapping machine for pipe joint tapping and tapping method thereof
CN103962841A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-08-06 东莞市钲锟精密五金有限公司 Method for tapping of special-shaped nut by means of cam type automatic lathe and device
CN103962841B (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-10-12 东莞市钲锟精密五金有限公司 Utilize cam automatic lathe to the method for profile nut tapping and equipment thereof
WO2016138672A1 (en) * 2015-03-05 2016-09-09 深圳市京田精密科技有限公司 Tapping machine control system and control method
CN104889509A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-09 思维福特南通精密机械有限公司 Efficient nut tapping machine
CN104858511A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-08-26 芜湖三花自控元器件有限公司 Tapping machining device and technology for plug of four-way reversing valve
CN105057811B (en) * 2015-07-24 2017-05-31 海盐机械设备制造有限公司 A kind of four axles horizontal tooth machining unit of efficient energy-saving
CN105057811A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 海盐机械设备制造有限公司 Energy-saving and efficient four-axis horizontal-type tapping machine
TWI627012B (en) * 2015-12-02 2018-06-21 Kiwa Machinery Co Ltd Washing nozzle for working machine and working machine
US10894261B2 (en) 2015-12-02 2021-01-19 Kiwa Machinery Co., Ltd. Washing nozzle for machine tool and machine tool therein
CN106001794A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-10-12 安庆市津海工业产品设计有限公司 Automatic tapping speed regulation module of automatic tapping machine
CN106670593A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-17 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Double-end tapping device for sphygmomanometer watchcase
CN106475641A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-03-08 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Sphygmomanometer watchcase threading apparatus
CN106424978A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-02-22 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Sphygmomanometer watchcase double-end tapping equipment
CN106424978B (en) * 2016-12-01 2018-08-14 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Sphygmomanometer watchcase double end threading apparatus
CN106475641B (en) * 2016-12-01 2018-08-14 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Sphygmomanometer watchcase threading apparatus
CN106735623A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-31 玫德集团有限公司 A kind of bend pipe tools double tapping special machine tool
CN107262849A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-20 浙江通泰轴承有限公司 A kind of full automatic tapping device

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