CN102642036A - Five-axis linkage large gantry horizontal butt numerical control boring and milling machine - Google Patents

Five-axis linkage large gantry horizontal butt numerical control boring and milling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102642036A
CN102642036A CN2012100998837A CN201210099883A CN102642036A CN 102642036 A CN102642036 A CN 102642036A CN 2012100998837 A CN2012100998837 A CN 2012100998837A CN 201210099883 A CN201210099883 A CN 201210099883A CN 102642036 A CN102642036 A CN 102642036A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boring
milling head
numerical control
milling
lathe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012100998837A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张小青
薛遂根
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LAOHEKOU SHUANGHUA NC COMBINATION MAHCINE TOOLS Co Ltd
Original Assignee
LAOHEKOU SHUANGHUA NC COMBINATION MAHCINE TOOLS Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by LAOHEKOU SHUANGHUA NC COMBINATION MAHCINE TOOLS Co Ltd filed Critical LAOHEKOU SHUANGHUA NC COMBINATION MAHCINE TOOLS Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012100998837A priority Critical patent/CN102642036A/en
Publication of CN102642036A publication Critical patent/CN102642036A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a five-axis linkage large gantry horizontal butt numerical control boring and milling machine, which comprises a left-side boring and milling head, a right-side boring and milling head, column beds and a bottom bed, wherein cross slide tables are respectively arranged on the column beds arranged at the two sides of the bottom bed so as to allow a special horizontal boring and milling head to feed up, down, left and right on the cross slide plates; and simultaneously, the left-side boring and milling head and the right-side boring and milling head are respectively and vertically arranged at the two sides of the bottom bed, and a left-side Y-axis servo motor and a right-side Y-axis servo motor are respectively arranged at the upper ends of the left-side boring and milling head and the right-side boring and milling head. A numerical control disc rotating table is additionally arranged on a main slide table of a base of the bottom bed so as to realize the machining of four-axis linkage gear plates. The five-axis linkage large gantry horizontal butt numerical control boring and milling machine has the beneficial effects of reasonable layout, strong whole rigidity, better protective performance, convenience in cutting and coolant recovery, no leakage, high positioning accuracy, good servo drive performance, high carrying capacity and cutting vibration resistance, and full guarantee of a series of comprehensive accuracies such as straightness, parallelism, and perpendicularity of the machine.

Description

The horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of five-axle linkage large-sized gantry
Technical field
The present invention relates to Machining Technology, relate in particular to a kind of applicable to the horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of thick, the accurately machined large-sized gantry of the large and medium-sized part in automobile, metallurgy, wind-powered electricity generation, boats and ships, coal mine machinery, steam turbine, the engineering machinery.
Background technology
In the Machining Technology field, plane milling and boring machine also can be used for roughing applicable to industry semifinishing and fine finishining such as aviation, heavy-duty machine, locomotive, shipbuilding, generating, lathe, automobile, printing, moulds.For example; The plane milling and boring machine general structure is made up of a portal frame; Portal frame is formed rigid frame by two columns, moved cross beam, tie-beam, transverse slide carriage and milling head ram, and crossbeam moves up and down along the column guide rail, vertical large power multifunctional ram type boring and milling head outer of configuration on the crossbeam; The boring and milling head outer slide carriage is along the beam guideway side-to-side movement and move up and down, and gantry frame is along the lathe bed lengthwise movement.But; Make the demand in field according to the industry core; This device target should be control specific machine and flexible manufacturing system, automation complete set of equipments and equipment, needs to promote high-end equipment manufacture level, and a lot of equipment can't be applicable to thick, the accurately machined needs of the large and medium-sized part of every profession and trade.Therefore, to above aspect, need innovate prior art.
Summary of the invention
To above defective; The present invention provide a kind of rationally distributed, the complete machine rigidity is strong, bearing capacity is big, positioning accuracy is high, running noise is little, can adapt to the horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of large-sized gantry of diversified processing, to solve many deficiencies of prior art.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of a kind of five-axle linkage large-sized gantry; Comprise left side boring and milling head outer, right side boring and milling head outer, column lathe bed, bottom lathe bed, respectively cross slid platform is housed on the column lathe bed of lathe bed both sides, said bottom so that horizontal special-purpose boring milling head in cross slid platform feed up and down; Simultaneously; Lathe bed both sides, said bottom vertically are provided with left side boring and milling head outer, right side boring and milling head outer respectively; This left side boring and milling head outer, right side boring and milling head outer upper end are provided with left side Y axle servomotor, right side Y axle servomotor respectively, and this bottom bed surface on one's body then is horizontally disposed with the Z shaft platform.
Be provided with Z shaft platform ball-screw in left side boring and milling head outer, the right side boring and milling head outer Z shaft platform end between the two; The base master of said bottom lathe bed sets up the numerical control disc turntable to realize the processing of four-axle linked toothed disc class on the slide unit; Platen seesaw that to be the Z axle realized by the base nc sliding table, more than each action drive by each servomotor ball-screw and realize; The outside numerical control operating screen that connects of said bottom lathe bed.
The beneficial effect of the horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of five-axle linkage large-sized gantry of the present invention is:
(1) have rationally distributed, the complete machine rigidity is strong, bearing capacity is big, barrier propterty is preferable, cutting and cooling fluid reclaim advantages such as convenience, ne-leakage;
(2) through big assembly such as lathe bed, workbench, column, crossbeam being set and all adopting the high-strength cast iron material and the resin sand cast; Possesses rational gusset project organization; The technology of double tempering can be guaranteed lathe whole rigidity and high stability after the employing roughing;
(3) X axle Y axis rail can adopt two kinds of forms: 1. rigid guideway, adopt laminating wear-resistant process, bearing is strong, vibration resistance is big; 2. load-carrying rolling line slideway, three guide rails of cloth on the width on the lathe bed, positioning accuracy is high, the servo-drive performance is preferable, bearing capacity reaches the cutting antivibration greatly simultaneously;
(4) help making the beam guideway bearing capacity big, the mounting guide rail face that adds man-hour takes SH difference benefits technological, fully guarantees a series of synthesis precisions such as linearity, the depth of parallelism, perpendicularity of lathe;
(5) in addition, can lathe be installed and adopt the main shaft of bearing in groups, the mainshaft gear gearbox reaches bigger slewing range and moment of torsion through two grades of mechanical speed changes of height, and the alignment of shafts is positioned at Z axle ram gib center, has best rigidity and stability;
(6) the lathe three-dimensional adopts the ball-screw associated mode not have the gap transmission.;
(7) main transmission in the lathe can adopt high performance AC servo spindle motor, and running noise is little, possesses high accuracy and high rotating speed, speed of mainshaft 8000rpm;
(8) configurable cutter and work-piece cools system also optionally adorn air-cooledly, and configurable RS232 communication interface is processed with the data that realize lathe and compunication and DNC mode, and main shaft casing balance sysmte can be selected weight or nitrogen balance system for use;
(9) according to different demands, can match different digital control systems, lathe can be furnished with hand impulse generator, and X, Y, Z three-dimensional guide rail can be furnished with the protection of stainless steel guide rail.
Description of drawings
According to accompanying drawing the present invention is done further explain below.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of the said five-axle linkage large-sized gantry of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial side view of the horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of the said five-axle linkage large-sized gantry of the embodiment of the invention.
Among the figure:
1, left side boring and milling head outer; 2, right side boring and milling head outer; 3, left side Y axle servomotor; 4, right side Y axle servomotor; 5, Z shaft platform ball-screw; 6, numerical control operating screen; 10, column lathe bed; 11, mill cutter head; 12, bottom lathe bed; 13, Z shaft platform; 14, Z axle servomotor.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1-2; The horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of the described five-axle linkage large-sized gantry of the embodiment of the invention; Comprise left side boring and milling head outer 1, right side boring and milling head outer 2, column lathe bed 10, bottom lathe bed 12; Lathe bed 12 both sides, said bottom vertically are provided with left side boring and milling head outer 1, right side boring and milling head outer 2 respectively to make things convenient for the needs of large-scale workpiece two-way simultaneous processing; For large-scale diameter elongated workpiece then make full use of the width of lathe, highly, length satisfy processing needs; Left side boring and milling head outer 1 wherein, right side boring and milling head outer 2 upper ends are provided with left side Y axle servomotor 3, right side Y axle servomotor 4 respectively; These bottom lathe bed 12 upper surfaces then are horizontally disposed with the long and Z shaft platform 13 that disposes Z axle servomotor 14 of a length satisfying the processing needs of super long workpiece, are provided with Z shaft platform ball-screw 5 in left side boring and milling head outer 1, right side boring and milling head outer 2 Z shaft platform 13 ends between the two; Simultaneously, lathe bed 12 outsides, said bottom connect numerical control operatings screen 6.
The horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of the described large-sized gantry of the above embodiment of the invention, it comprises that mainly lathe has X axle, Y axle, three basic rectilinear coordinates axles of Z axle, each reference axis all can Digital Control be located automatically.Forms of motion for Digit Control Machine Tool: respectively cross slid platform is housed on the column lathe bed 10 of lathe bed 12 both sides, said bottom so that horizontal special-purpose boring milling head in (X axle) feed about (Y axle) about the cross slid platform, column lathe bed 10 1 sides wherein are equipped with mills cutter head 11; The Z axle that both seesaws of platen realized by the base nc sliding table, more than each action realize that by each servomotor whole Machine-Tool Control servo principal axis is 7; Process for adapting to large-scale fluted disc class workpiece such as wind-power electricity generation, can on base master slide unit, increase the numerical control disc turntable to realize the processing of four-axle linked toothed disc class.
The horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of the described five-axle linkage large-sized gantry of the above embodiment of the invention, its lathe maneuverability pattern is: lathe can be controlled to realize single action and interlock each numerical control of programming according to processing object; Also can carry out separately axially manually control to each motor, automatically controlled control system is provided with position limitation protection, overload protection and each has interlock function when manual.This machine tool control system adopts Siemens 840D digital control system, with 31 main shafts of multipotency control of Siemens 611D servo-driven module; This lathe is 7 axis servomotor systems altogether;
1. wherein about special-purpose boring and milling head outer servo principal axis power of motor: N=30kw, (2)
2. numerical control Z gantry master's slide unit servomotor power: N=18.5kw (1)
3. each servomotor power: N=30.4kw of left and right sides head cross slid platform (4).
Above embodiment is the more preferably specific embodiment a kind of of the present invention, and common variation that those skilled in the art carry out in present technique scheme scope and replacement should be included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of five-axle linkage large-sized gantry; Comprise left side boring and milling head outer (1), right side boring and milling head outer (2), column lathe bed (10), bottom lathe bed (1 2), it is characterized in that: respectively cross slid platform is housed on the column lathe bed (10) of said bottom lathe bed (12) both sides so that horizontal special-purpose boring milling head in cross slid platform feed up and down; Simultaneously; Said bottom lathe bed (12) both sides vertically are provided with left side boring and milling head outer (1), right side boring and milling head outer (2) respectively; This left side boring and milling head outer (1), right side boring and milling head outer (2) upper end are provided with left side Y axle servomotor (3), right side Y axle servomotor (4) respectively, and this bottom lathe bed (1 2) upper surface then is horizontally disposed with Z shaft platform (1 3).
2. the horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of five-axle linkage large-sized gantry according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be positioned at left side boring and milling head outer (1), right side boring and milling head outer (2) Z shaft platform (1 3) end between the two and be provided with Z shaft platform ball-screw (5).
3. the horizontal correct numerical control boring and milling lathe of five-axle linkage large-sized gantry according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the base master of said bottom lathe bed (12) sets up the numerical control disc turntable to realize the processing of four-axle linked toothed disc class on the slide unit.
CN2012100998837A 2012-04-09 2012-04-09 Five-axis linkage large gantry horizontal butt numerical control boring and milling machine Pending CN102642036A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100998837A CN102642036A (en) 2012-04-09 2012-04-09 Five-axis linkage large gantry horizontal butt numerical control boring and milling machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100998837A CN102642036A (en) 2012-04-09 2012-04-09 Five-axis linkage large gantry horizontal butt numerical control boring and milling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102642036A true CN102642036A (en) 2012-08-22

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108526913A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-09-14 诺伯特智能装备(山东)有限公司 A kind of five axis machine balance base of planer-type
CN109702249A (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-05-03 富鼎电子科技(嘉善)有限公司 Double five-axis machining apparatus
CN110561133A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-12-13 侨将机床(重庆)有限公司 Vertical machining center

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB629985A (en) * 1944-03-20 1949-10-03 Giddings & Lewis Improvements in or relating to metal-cutting and like machine tools
US3047117A (en) * 1956-12-10 1962-07-31 New Britain Machine Co Combined horizontal boring, drilling and milling machine
CN2912869Y (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-06-20 广州市番禺鑫泰科技有限公司 Double cross slide plate boring and milling machine
CN200988139Y (en) * 2006-09-22 2007-12-12 芜湖恒升重型机床有限责任公司 Digital control double side planing table type grinding and boring machine
CN101698245A (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-04-28 芜湖日升重型机床有限公司 Double-side floor milling-boring machine with square ram
CN201529784U (en) * 2009-11-04 2010-07-21 山东鲁重数控机床股份有限公司 Floor-type vertical-horizontal combined boring-milling numerical control machine tool
CN102091978A (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-06-15 大连机床集团有限责任公司 Gantry numerical control multi-head molding guiderail grinding machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB629985A (en) * 1944-03-20 1949-10-03 Giddings & Lewis Improvements in or relating to metal-cutting and like machine tools
US3047117A (en) * 1956-12-10 1962-07-31 New Britain Machine Co Combined horizontal boring, drilling and milling machine
CN2912869Y (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-06-20 广州市番禺鑫泰科技有限公司 Double cross slide plate boring and milling machine
CN200988139Y (en) * 2006-09-22 2007-12-12 芜湖恒升重型机床有限责任公司 Digital control double side planing table type grinding and boring machine
CN201529784U (en) * 2009-11-04 2010-07-21 山东鲁重数控机床股份有限公司 Floor-type vertical-horizontal combined boring-milling numerical control machine tool
CN101698245A (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-04-28 芜湖日升重型机床有限公司 Double-side floor milling-boring machine with square ram
CN102091978A (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-06-15 大连机床集团有限责任公司 Gantry numerical control multi-head molding guiderail grinding machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109702249A (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-05-03 富鼎电子科技(嘉善)有限公司 Double five-axis machining apparatus
CN108526913A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-09-14 诺伯特智能装备(山东)有限公司 A kind of five axis machine balance base of planer-type
CN108526913B (en) * 2018-03-20 2019-12-17 诺伯特智能装备(山东)有限公司 balance base for gantry type five-axis machine
CN110561133A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-12-13 侨将机床(重庆)有限公司 Vertical machining center

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Application publication date: 20120822