CN102641546A - Adjustable anal dilation importer - Google Patents

Adjustable anal dilation importer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102641546A
CN102641546A CN2012101566686A CN201210156668A CN102641546A CN 102641546 A CN102641546 A CN 102641546A CN 2012101566686 A CN2012101566686 A CN 2012101566686A CN 201210156668 A CN201210156668 A CN 201210156668A CN 102641546 A CN102641546 A CN 102641546A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
anal
adjustable
importer
slot
tubular body
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Application number
CN2012101566686A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史明俊
林玉景
胡祥忠
陈雨平
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普瑞斯星(常州)医疗器械有限公司
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Priority to CN2012101566686A priority Critical patent/CN102641546A/en
Publication of CN102641546A publication Critical patent/CN102641546A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an adjustable anal dilation importer. The adjustable anal dilation importer comprises a cylindrical tube body and a conical fixed seat body, which form an integral structure, wherein a semi-spherical round head is arranged at the end part of the cylindrical tube body, a through hole is formed at the top of the semi-spherical round head, an open hole for fixing is formed on the conical fixed seat body, a through groove is formed on the cylindrical tube body and the conical fixed seat body, an insert sheet is clamped on the through groove, the insert sheet comprises an arc-shaped sheet matched with the cylindrical tube body an a conical sheet matched with the conical fixed seat body, and the axial length of the insert sheet is shorter than that of the through groove. According to the adjustable anal dilation importer disclosed by the invention, the opening degree of a window of the anal dilation importer can be regulated through the insertion depth of the insert sheet so as to meet the different operation needs, be conductive to performing a minimally invasive operation by a doctor and reduce the pain of a patient.

Description

可调型扩肛导入器技术领域 Adjustable anal introducer Field

[0001] 本发明涉及肛肠外科检查、治疗装置技术领域,尤其是一种可调型扩肛导入器。 [0001] The present invention relates to inspection anorectal surgery, treatment of technical field device, in particular an adjustable type anal introducer.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 人体直肠末端粘膜下和肛管皮肤下静脉丛发生扩张和屈曲所形成的柔软静脉团,称为痔,又名痔疮。 [0002] The lower end of the body mucosa and rectal venous plexus bolus soft expansion and buckling of the formed skin in the anal canal, known as hemorrhoids, also known as hemorrhoids. 医学所指痔疮包括内痔、外痔、混合痔,是肛门直肠底部及肛门粘膜的静脉丛发生曲张而形成的一个或多个柔软的静脉团的一种慢性疾病。 Medical referred hemorrhoids including internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, mixed hemorrhoids, is a chronic disease of one or more soft bolus bottom anorectal mucosa and anal varicose vein plexus formed. 痔疮久拖不治,可以造成痔核脱出形成嵌顿,加重疼痛和病情,其次肛门感染,一旦形成痔疮出血症状,细菌、毒素、脓栓极易侵入血液引发脓毒败血症等。 Hemorrhoids died long delay can cause the formation of hemorrhoids prolapse incarcerated, increase the pain and illness, followed by anal infection, bleeding hemorrhoids once formed, bacteria, toxins, pus bolt can easily lead to sepsis and other invasive blood. 此外由于痔块脱出导致括约肌松弛,黏液流出肛门外长期刺激周围皮肤,易导致瘙痒及皮肤湿疹。 Furthermore, since the lead sphincter relaxation hemorrhoids prolapse, long-term stimulation of mucus out of the outer skin around the anus, easily lead to skin eczema and itching. 确诊了痔疮的具体病情后,要及时进行治疗,对于痔疮的一般治疗方法,只有通过手术才能痊愈,盲目的药物治疗和其他疗法不能清除痔疮。 After the diagnosis of a specific condition hemorrhoids, to timely treatment, general treatment for hemorrhoids, only through surgery to heal, blind medication and other therapies can not remove hemorrhoids. 美国强生微创痔疮手术(PPH)又称吻合器痔上黏膜环切术,是建立在肛垫学说基础上的,运用吻合器治疗环状脱垂痔的新技术。 Johnson & Johnson minimally invasive surgery hemorrhoids (PPH), also known as hemorrhoidal mucosa circumcision stapler, is built on the basis of the doctrine of the anal cushions, the use of new technologies annular stapling treatment prolapsed hemorrhoids. 在手术前需要撑开肛门检查病情,手术时需要撑开肛门方便手术操作。 Anal examination required distraction condition before surgery, surgical procedures require convenient distraction anal surgery. 扩肛也叫肛管扩张,是指在局部麻醉或全麻下,用手指或器械扩张肛门的一种方法。 Also called anal anal dilation, refers to local anesthesia or general anesthesia, a method with a finger or instrument to expand the anus. 扩肛常用于肛肠疾病检查、治疗和术后恢复中。 Anal commonly used in anorectal disease examination, treatment and postoperative recovery. 通过扩肛,使肛管内、外括约肌松弛,故可治疗肛裂、痔疮,对部分肛管狭窄也有治疗作用。 Anal through the anal canal, external sphincter relaxation, so treat anal fissure, hemorrhoids, anal canal stenosis are also part of the therapeutic effect. 手术前扩肛可使肛门充分松弛,手术视野清晰,便于手术。 Anal anal before surgery can fully relaxed, the operative field clear, easy operation.

[0003] 扩肛器应运而生,扩肛器一般包括一个圆柱管体和一个固定盘,圆柱管体塞于肛门内,以扩张肛门,固定盘用于与肛门附件的皮肤固定,以便于手术操作,这种扩肛器用于痔疮的整体环切。 [0003] anal came into being, anal comprises a generally cylindrical tubular body and a fixed disk, a cylindrical tube plug in the anus to dilate the anus, anal fixing plate for attachment to the skin is fixed to the surgical operation, which for anal overall hemorrhoid circumcision. 为减少病患的术后痛苦,微创手术大力发展,此类扩肛器不适合微创手术。 In order to reduce postoperative pain patients, to develop minimally invasive surgery, such anal is not suitable for minimally invasive surgery.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是:克服现有技术中的扩肛器不适用于微创手术的不足,提供一种可调型扩肛导入器,可通过调节插片的插入深度控制窗口的开度,以适应不同病情的微创手术。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problem: to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art is not applicable to anal minimally invasive surgery, there is provided an adjustable depth control type anal introducer can be inserted by adjusting the tabs the opening of the window, in order to adapt to different conditions of minimally invasive surgery.

[0005] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:一种可调型扩肛导入器,包括一体结构的圆柱管体和锥形固定座体,所述的圆柱管体的端部为半球形圆头,所述的半球形圆头的顶部开有通孔,所述的锥形固定座体上开设有用于固定的开孔,所述的圆柱管体和锥形固定座体上开设有一个通槽,所述的通槽上卡接有一个插片,所述的插片包括与圆柱管体相配合的弧形片和与锥形固定座体相配合的锥形片,所述的插片的轴向长度短于通槽的轴向长度。 [0005] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem is that: an adjustable type anal introducer, comprising a cylindrical tubular body and the tapered fixture member integral structure of the end portion of the tubular body is cylindrical round domed, hemispherical top of the round opening with a through hole opened on said tapered body having fixing base defines openings for fixing, on said cylindrical tubular body and the tapered fixture member there is a through groove, said through slots having a snap tab, said tab comprising a tubular body with a cylindrical sheet and a cooperating arcuate tapered sheet cooperating with the tapered fixture member, said axial length of the tabs is shorter than the axial length of the through slot.

[0006]为使插片与通槽之间连接可靠,所述的通槽的两个槽边处分别设有卡槽,所述的插片的弧形片的两个边缘分别设有与卡槽相配合的凸块。 [0006] In order to pass between the tab and slot connection is reliable, the two edges of the slot are provided with slots through slot, two arcuate edges of said sheet inserts are respectively provided with the card bumps cooperating groove.

[0007] 所述的圆柱管体部分的通槽的长度为75〜85mm,所述的通槽的槽宽为3(T40mm。 [0007] The length of the slot through a cylindrical tubular body portion is 75~85mm, the groove width of the through groove 3 (T40mm.

[0008] 所述的插片的弧形片的长度为35〜45mm。 [0008] The length of the tab is arcuate sheet 35~45mm. [0009] 本发明的有益效果是,本发明的可调型扩肛导入器,可以通过插片的插入深度调节扩肛导入器的窗口开度,满足不同的手术需要,有利于医生进行微创手术,减少病患的痛苦。 [0009] Advantageous effects of the present invention, the present invention is adjustable anal introducer can be inserted into the window opening degree of the depth adjustment anal introducer, to meet different inserts need surgery, doctors facilitate minimally invasive surgery, reduce the suffering of patients.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明。 Figures and examples further illustrate the present invention [0010] The following binding.

[0011] 图I是本发明的可调型扩肛导入器的最佳实施例的全插入状态的主视剖视图; [0011] Figure I is a fully inserted state in the main preferred embodiment of the adjustable anal introducer sectional view of the present invention;

[0012] 图2是本发明的可调型扩肛导入器的最佳实施例的半插入状态的右视图; [0012] FIG 2 is a right side view of the semi-insertion state of the adjustable anal preferred embodiment of the introducer of the present invention;

[0013] 图3是本发明的可调型扩肛导入器的最佳实施例的分离状态的右视图; [0013] FIG. 3 is a right side view of the released state of the adjustable anal preferred embodiment of the introducer of the present invention;

[0014] 图中:1.圆柱管体,11.半球形圆头,12.通孔,2.锥形固定座体,3.通槽,4.插片,41.弧形片,42.锥形片。 [0014] FIG.:...... A cylindrical tubular body 1, a hemispherical round 11, the through hole 12, tapered fixture member 2, through slot 3, 4 inserts, arcuate plates 41, 42. conical sheet.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 现在结合附图对本发明作进一步详细的说明。 [0015] Now DRAWINGS The invention will be further described in detail. 这些附图均为简化的示意图,仅以示意方式说明本发明的基本结构,因此其仅显示与本发明有关的构成。 The drawings are simplified schematic way of illustration only schematically the basic structure of the present invention, therefore only the configuration of the display related to the present invention.

[0016] 如图1-3所示,本发明的可调型扩肛导入器的最佳实施例,包括一体结构的圆柱管体I和锥形固定座体2,圆柱管体I的端部为半球形圆头11,半球形圆头11的顶部开有通孔12,锥形固定座体2上开设有用于固定的开孔,圆柱管体I和锥形固定座体2上开设有一个通槽3,通槽3上卡接有一个插片4,插片4包括与圆柱管体I相配合的弧形片41和与锥形固定座体2相配合的锥形片42,插片4的轴向长度短于通槽3的轴向长度。 [0016] 1-3, the adjustable preferred embodiment of the present invention anal introducer comprising a cylindrical tubular body and the tapered I integrally fixed base structure 2, the end portion of the cylindrical pipe body I 11 is a hemispherical round, round domed top 11 has a through hole 12, defines a tapered fixture member 2 for fixing openings, and a tapered cylindrical tube body I defines a fixture member 2 through slot 3, slot 3 through a snap tab 4, the tab 4 includes a cylindrical tubular body 41 I and a cooperating arcuate plate 2 cooperating with the tapered conical sheet holder body 42, tabs 4 is an axial length shorter than the axial length of the through slot 3.

[0017] 通槽3的两个槽边处分别设有卡槽,插片4的弧形片41的两个边缘分别设有与卡槽相配合的凸块。 [0017] The two sides of the groove are provided with through slots 3 slots, the arcuate inserts 4 are two sheet edges 41 are provided with projections cooperating with the slot.

[0018] 圆柱管体I部分的通槽3的长度为75〜85mm,通槽3的槽宽为3(T40mm。插片4的弧形片41的长度为35〜45mm。 [0018] The length of the through slot of the cylindrical tube body portion 3 is I 75~85mm, through groove width of 3 3 (T40mm. Arcuate length 41 of sheet inserts to 35~45mm.

[0019] 医生在确诊病患的病情后,术前调整好插片的插入深度,选择合适的窗口开度,有利于医生手术操作。 [0019] After the doctor diagnosed the patient's condition, preoperative adjust the insertion depth of the tab, select the appropriate window opening degree, facilitate the operation surgeon.

Claims (4)

1. 一种可调型扩肛导入器,包括一体结构的圆柱管体(I)和锥形固定座体(2),所述的圆柱管体(I)的端部为半球形圆头(11),所述的半球形圆头(11)的顶部开有通孔(12),所述的锥形固定座体(2)上开设有用于固定的开孔,其特征是:所述的圆柱管体(I)和锥形固定座体(2)上开设有一个通槽(3),所述的通槽(3)上卡接有一个插片(4),所述的插片(4)包括与圆柱管体(I)相配合的弧形片(41)和与锥形固定座体(2)相配合的锥形片(42),所述的插片(4)的轴向长度短于通槽(3)的轴向长度。 An adjustable anal introducer, comprising a cylindrical tubular body (I) and the integral structure of the tapered fixture member (2), an end portion of said cylindrical tubular body (I) is hemispherical round ( 11), the top of the hemispherical round (11) is provided with a through-hole (12), said tapered fixture member defines an opening for fixing the upper (2), characterized in that: said a cylindrical tubular body (I) and a tapered fixture member (2) defines a through-slot (3), said through slot (3) has a snap-on tabs (4), said tabs ( 4) comprising a cylindrical tubular body (I) cooperating arcuate plate (41) and the tapered fixture member (2) cooperating conical piece (42), said tabs (4) in the axial direction length is shorter than the axial length of the through slot (3).
2.如权利要求I所述的可调型扩肛导入器,其特征是:所述的通槽(3)的两个槽边处分别设有卡槽,所述的插片(4)的弧形片(41)的两个边缘分别设有与卡槽相配合的凸块。 2. Adjustable anal introducer according to claim I, characterized in that: grooves at two sides of the through-grooves (3) are provided with said slot, said tabs (4) the arcuate pieces (41) of the two edges of the slot are provided with cooperating projections.
3.如权利要求I所述的可调型扩肛导入器,其特征是:所述的圆柱管体(I)部分的通槽(3)的长度为75〜85mm,所述的通槽(3)的槽宽为3(T40mm。 3. adjustable anal introducer according to claim I, characterized in that: the length (I) through slots (3) of the cylindrical portion of the tubular body is 75~85mm, said through slots ( 3) the width is 3 (T40mm.
4.如权利要求I所述的可调型扩肛导入器,其特征是:所述的插片(4)的弧形片(41)的长度为35〜45mm。 4. Adjustable anal introducer of claim I, wherein: the length of said tabs (4) of the arcuate plate (41) is 35~45mm.
CN2012101566686A 2012-05-18 2012-05-18 Adjustable anal dilation importer CN102641546A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103815985A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-05-28 西安交通大学 Recanalization anastomosis apparatus for anal atresia
CN104739359A (en) * 2013-12-25 2015-07-01 瑞奇外科器械(中国)有限公司 Anal dilatation device
CN105311732A (en) * 2014-07-25 2016-02-10 北京派尔特医疗科技股份有限公司 Auxiliary device for anorectal operation

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US457787A (en) * 1891-08-18 Rectal
WO2007019321A2 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-15 Gregory Piskun Endoluminal treatment method and associated surgical assembly including tissue occlusion device
CN101677760A (en) * 2007-04-18 2010-03-24 康纳尔·P·德莱尼 Anoscope for inspection and/or surgery
CN101757717A (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-30 苏州天臣国际医疗科技有限公司 Novel anus spreader base

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US457787A (en) * 1891-08-18 Rectal
WO2007019321A2 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-15 Gregory Piskun Endoluminal treatment method and associated surgical assembly including tissue occlusion device
CN101677760A (en) * 2007-04-18 2010-03-24 康纳尔·P·德莱尼 Anoscope for inspection and/or surgery
CN101757717A (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-30 苏州天臣国际医疗科技有限公司 Novel anus spreader base

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104739359A (en) * 2013-12-25 2015-07-01 瑞奇外科器械(中国)有限公司 Anal dilatation device
CN104739359B (en) * 2013-12-25 2017-01-25 瑞奇外科器械(中国)有限公司 One kind of an anal
CN103815985A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-05-28 西安交通大学 Recanalization anastomosis apparatus for anal atresia
CN103815985B (en) * 2014-01-28 2015-08-26 西安交通大学 A method for anal atresia recanalization stapling device
CN105311732A (en) * 2014-07-25 2016-02-10 北京派尔特医疗科技股份有限公司 Auxiliary device for anorectal operation
CN105311732B (en) * 2014-07-25 2018-09-25 北京派尔特医疗科技股份有限公司 A surgical aid anorectal

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