CN102638811A - Network accessing method of railway track monitoring and sensing accessing multiplexing equipment - Google Patents

Network accessing method of railway track monitoring and sensing accessing multiplexing equipment Download PDF

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CN102638811A
CN102638811A CN2011100365596A CN201110036559A CN102638811A CN 102638811 A CN102638811 A CN 102638811A CN 2011100365596 A CN2011100365596 A CN 2011100365596A CN 201110036559 A CN201110036559 A CN 201110036559A CN 102638811 A CN102638811 A CN 102638811A
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railway track
monitoring
sensor
access
network
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CN2011100365596A
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Chinese (zh)
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汤晓辉
马松伟
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苏州达联信息科技有限公司
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Publication of CN102638811A publication Critical patent/CN102638811A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of information and communication technology and in particular relates to a network accessing method of railway track monitoring and sensing accessing multiplexing equipment. After being started, the railway track monitoring and sensing accessing multiplexing equipment needs to realize network access of a railway track monitoring and sensing network controller in order to be one in a railway track monitoring and sensing network topology, so as to receive the provided control and network connection service. The invention provides the network accessing method of the railway track monitoring and sensing accessing multiplexing equipment, thus assisting the railway track monitoring and sensing accessing multiplexing equipment to dynamically access into a railway track monitoring and sensing network controlled by the railway track monitoring and sensing network controller, become one component of the railway track monitoring and sensing network topology and continuously maintain the connectedness of a control channel between the equipment and the railway track monitoring and sensing network controller in a running process.

Description

一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法 A railway track sensor monitoring network access method of the access multiplex device

技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及通信网络,尤其涉及铁路轨道监测传感网络中的一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法。 Technical Field [0001] The present invention relates to communication networks, and particularly to a network access method of a railroad track network monitoring sensor monitoring a railway track sensing access multiplexing equipment.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着铁路运输的不断提速,对铁路轨道安全的要求也越来越高,铁路轨道的各类参数,如:铁轨温度、铁轨应力、轨道沉降、轨道变形、等等信息的及时获取,有助于准确判断铁轨状态,控制火车运行速度,确保铁路运输的安全。 Timely access to rail temperature, rail stress, settlement track, track deformation, etc. Information: [0002] With the constant speed rail transport, the requirements of the railway track safety have become more sophisticated, various parameters of the railway track, such as to help accurately determine the state of the tracks, the train speed control to ensure the safety of rail transport. 但是由于铁路轨道监测范围大,环境严苛,目前尚无合适的技术手段来解决大范围铁路轨道参数的实时监测问题。 However, due to large-scale monitoring of railway track, harsh environment, there is no appropriate technical means to solve real-time monitoring of a wide range of orbital parameters railway issues.

[0003] 无线传感网络技术可以利用超低功耗传感器感知环境参数,并实现无线组网,及时传递所采集的信息。 [0003] The wireless sensor network technology may utilize ultra-low power sensor sensing an environmental parameter, and the wireless network, transmitting the collected information in a timely manner. 但是目前的无线传感网技术基本上还集中于小规模网络设计,无法适用于铁路轨道监测的目标。 However, the current wireless sensor network technology is basically still concentrated in a small-scale network design, it can not be applied to the monitoring of the target track railway.

[0004] 为了解决铁路轨道监测问题,如图I所示,一种基于无线传感网络技术的铁路轨道监测传感网络体系结构及系列组网设备被提出来,从而可以有效地建立大规模铁路轨道监测传感网络。 [0004] In order to solve the problem monitoring railway track, as shown in FIG. I, A railway track monitoring sensor network architecture and networking device based on series of wireless sensor network technology is proposed, which can effectively establish a large scale railroad track monitoring sensor networks.

[0005] 铁路轨道监测传感网络包括铁路轨道监测传感器节点、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备、铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器、铁路轨道监测网关等新型组网设备,通过分层组网方式,可以管理、控制十万以上的铁路轨道监测传感器节点,实现大范围铁路轨道参数的实时监测。 [0005] railway track railway track comprising a monitoring sensor monitoring sensor network nodes, access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors, sensing the network controller monitoring railway tracks, railway track network monitoring equipment and other new gateway, by layering group network, it can be managed, controlled over 100,000 railway track monitoring sensor nodes, real-time monitoring of a wide range of orbital parameters of the railway.

[0006] 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器可以看作是一组逻辑设备,实现了铁路轨道监测传感网络的管理、监控、动态配置、控制等功能。 [0006] The sensor network controller monitoring railway tracks can be seen as a set of logical devices, a sensor network management monitoring railway track, monitor, dynamic configuration, control and other functions. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备是局域范围内的铁路轨道监测传感网络的控制设备,它在铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的控制下,实现对局域范围内的铁路轨道监测传感网络的拓扑维护和铁路轨道监测传感器节点的管理控制。 Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor monitoring a control device of a railroad track network within the sensing range of the local area, which under the control of the railway track monitoring sensor network controller, monitoring of the railway track to achieve local range sensor network topology maintenance and monitoring sensor nodes railway track management control. 铁路轨道监测传感器节点负责采集铁路轨道各种监测数据。 Railway track monitoring sensor node is responsible for collecting all kinds of data monitoring railway tracks. 铁路轨道监测网关负责实现铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的分配,为铁路轨道监测网络内的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备动态分配可以为其提供网络接入和控制服务的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,并为铁路轨道监测传感器节点动态分配可以为其提供网络接入和控制服务的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备。 Gateway is responsible for monitoring railway track Railway track monitoring sensor monitoring a railroad track network controller and the access multiplexing device sensing allocation for track monitoring sensors monitor the railway track in the rail network can be dynamically allocated for access Multiplexer providing network access control service railway track and monitor the sensor network controller, the railway track and dynamically allocated monitoring sensor node may provide network access services and control access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors.

[0007] 为了加入铁路轨道监测传感网络,成为其网络拓扑中的一员,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备需要接入到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,接受所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的控制和网络连接服务。 [0007] In order to join sensor monitoring a railroad track network, a network topology of a railway track monitoring sensors need to access the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor network controller, receiving the monitoring railway track and a sensor network controller controls the network connection service.

[0008] 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备启动后,它可以通过读取静态配置方式或者通过动态分配方式获取可以为该铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备提供网络接入和控制服务的主、备用铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的信息。 [0008] When the railway track access Multiplexer start monitoring sensor, which can be obtained through dynamic allocation mode or static configuration by reading the multiplexing device can provide network access and access control for the railroad track monitoring sensors main service, information of the spare railway track monitoring sensor network controller. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备利用铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发现流程检测所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络连通性。 Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor monitoring a railway track using a sensor network controller finds that the communication network of the railway track detecting process monitoring sensor network controller. 如果铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备可以和主用铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器或者备用铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器连通,则该铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器将被作为所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络连接和控制设备,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备随后启动和该铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络接入过程,从而成为该铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员。 If the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors can monitor the railway track and the primary or backup sensor network controller monitoring railway track sensor network communication controller, the railway track monitoring sensor is used as the network controller access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors and control devices connected to a network, the monitoring sensor access Multiplexer railway track and the railway track is then started the sensor network controller monitors the network access procedure, thus becoming the railway track railroad track network topology monitoring sensor monitoring the sensor network controller in a control.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本发明针对图I所示的铁路轨道监测传感网络系统,提出了一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法,从而帮助铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备动态接入由铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络,成为所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员,并在其后设备运行过程中持续维护和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的控制通道的连通性。 [0009] The present invention is directed to a railway track sensor network monitoring system shown in FIG. I, network access is proposed a method for monitoring a railway track sensing access multiplexing equipment to help monitor the railway track sensing multiplexed access dynamic access device by the sensor network monitoring railway track railway track monitoring sensor network controller controlled to become the railway track railway track network topology monitoring sensor monitoring sensor network controller in a control, and continuous maintenance of communication between the control passage and the track rail network controller monitoring sensor during subsequent operation of the device. [0010] 在进行网络接入流程之前,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备可以通过读取静态配置方式获取可以为其提供服务的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的信息,或者通过铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器动态分配过程获取可以为其提供服务的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的信息。 [0010] Before performing the network access procedure, the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors may acquire information for railway tracks can monitor sensor network controller providing service by reading a static configuration mode, or by railway track monitoring sensor network controller dynamic allocation process can obtain its information railway track monitoring sensor network controllers to provide services. 此后,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备可以和所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器执行铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的发现过程,从而检测所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的可连通性。 Thereafter, the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor may perform the discovery process railway track and monitor the sensor network controllers of the sensor network controller monitoring railway tracks, thereby detecting sensor monitoring the railway track network controller connectability. 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的可连通性检测成功后,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备随即请求接入所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器。 After railway track sensor network controller may monitor the connectivity check is successful, the monitoring sensor railway track access Multiplexer immediately requesting access to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备只有在获得铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络接入服务后,才可以接入该铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络体系结构,并可以开始组建以铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备为核心的铁路轨道监测局域传感网络。 Monitoring the railway track sensing only after obtaining access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring network access service network controller, an access track can track rail network monitoring sensor monitoring sensor network controller controls the railroad architecture, and you can begin to set up to monitor the sensor multiplexing equipment access railway track railway track at the core of the local sensor network monitoring.

[0011] 根据本发明的第一方面,提供了一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法,其特征在于: [0011] According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of network access monitoring sensor railway track access multiplexing equipment, wherein:

[0012] a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法帮助铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备动态接入由铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络,成为所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员; Monitoring network access method of sensing track access multiplexing equipment [0012] a) monitoring the railway track rail to help sensing access by the access Multiplexer dynamic railway track monitoring sensor network controller controls the transmission monitoring railway track sensing network, a sensor monitoring a railway track railway track network topology of the network controller monitoring sensor in the control;

[0013] b)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备在通过铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发现过程检测到可以连通的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器后,开始启动到所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络接入过程; [0013] b) Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor is detected after the discovery process railway track monitoring sensor can be in communication via the network controller monitoring the railway track sensor network controller, the railway track started to monitor a network access procedure sensor network controller;

[0014] c)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备只有在获得铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络接入服务后,才可以接入该铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络,并开始组建以铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备为核心的铁路轨道监测局域传感网络; [0014] c) monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer sensing only after obtaining network access service railway track monitoring sensor network controller, can access to the railway track rail monitoring sensor network controller controlled track monitoring sensor network, and began to build a railway track monitoring sensor access multiplexing equipment at the core of the local railway track monitoring sensor network;

[0015] d)当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备成功接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,并成为铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员时,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备需要保持和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的通信连接,并及时发现和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的网络连接故障; [0015] d) sensing when monitoring a railroad track railway track access Multiplexer successful access network controller monitoring sensor, and the sensor monitoring a railway track to become a member of the network topology, access railway track monitoring sensors Multiplexer need to maintain the communication connection and the monitoring sensor railway track network controller, and to detect and monitor the railway track network between a network controller connected to the sensor fault;

[0016] e)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备会周期性地发送连接请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,持续维护和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的控制通道的连通性。 [0016] e) monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer sensor periodically transmits a connection request message to the sensor network controller monitoring railway track for maintenance and monitoring of railway track between the sensor network controller of the control channel connectivity. [0017] 根据本发明的第二方面,提供了一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息。 [0017] According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a railway track Access Multiplexer sensor monitoring network access request message. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息被铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备用于向铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器请求网络接入服务。 Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring network access request message is an access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors for requesting network access services to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息中所承载的信息包括:铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元、会话标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备IP地址。 Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring network access request information carried in the message comprises: monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer Hardware Description sensing means sensing railway track access monitoring unit is described multiplexing device, the session identification, access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor IP address. 其中:铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的硬件信息;铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述信息;会话标识是随机产生的32位长度整数,用于作为本消息的会话标识;铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备IP地址用于标识铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的发包地址。 Wherein: Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor hardware description information unit for carrying railway track monitoring sensor hardware access multiplexing equipment; Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor monitoring a railroad track description unit for carrying access Multiplexer sensing description information; 32-bit length of the session identifier is randomly generated integers, the present session identifier for the message; railway track monitoring sensors for identifying the IP address of the access multiplexers railway track monitoring sensors access Multiplexer contracting address.

[0018] 根据本发明的第三方面,提供了一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息。 [0018] According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a railway track sensor monitoring network access multiplexers access response message. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息中所承载的信息包括:结果代码、铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述单元、铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备固件版本标识符、最大消息长度。 Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring a network access response information carried in the message comprises: result code, railway track network monitoring sensor controller description unit, railway track network controller monitoring sensor identification, monitoring railway track pass access Multiplexer sense identifier, sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer firmware version identifier, the maximum message length. 其中:结果代码用于承载对铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息的响应结果;铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述信息;铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器标识表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络内部标识号;铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备标识用于表示分配给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络内部标识号;铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备固件版本标识符被用来指出要求铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备运行的固件版本号;最大消息长度用来指出铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间通信的消息的最大长度。 Wherein: result code for carrying a railway track in response to the results of the monitoring sensor Access Multiplexer network access request message; railway track monitoring sensor network controller describing unit for carrying railway track description information monitoring sensor network controller ; railway track sensor network controller monitoring intra-network identifier indicates the identification number of railway track monitoring sensor network controller; access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor for indicating identifier assigned to the access railway track monitoring sensors multiplexed intra-network device identification number; access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors firmware version identifier is used to indicate the version number of the firmware required to monitor the railway track access Multiplexer sensing operation; maximum message length is used to indicate the railway track access Multiplexer monitoring sensor and the maximum length of the message communication between the railway track monitoring sensor network controller.

[0019] 当铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息后,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器会根据网络接入请求消息的内容来进行准入判断,判断是否应该准许所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入请求。 [0019] When the railway track monitoring sensor network controller receives from the railroad tracks to monitor the sensing sensor monitoring railway track access multiplexers multiplexing device access network access request message, the network control sensor monitoring railway tracks access will be determined based on the content of the network access request message, determining whether the request should be granted access to the rail track network monitoring sensor access multiplexing equipment. 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器根据准入判断的结果,生成铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息,并将该消息发送到铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备。 Monitoring sensor railway track access network controller according to a result of determination, generates a sensor monitoring a railroad track network access multiplexers access response message, and sends the message to the sensor monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息中的结果代码反应了是否允许所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器。 Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring the network access message in response to a result code the reaction is allowed access to the rail track monitoring sensor monitoring railway tracks Access Multiplexer sensor network controller. 如果允许所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备接入,则铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器会在铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息中携带为铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备分配的网络内部标识号,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器在后续的网络运行控制过程中通过铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备标识来识别该设备。 If the railroad track to allow the sensor access monitoring access Multiplexer, the railway track sensor network controller monitoring network access multiplexers access response message carries the transmission monitoring railway track railway track monitoring sensors access Multiplexer sense internal identification number assigned network, the sensor network controller monitoring railway track in the subsequent process of network operation control apparatus identified by the sensor monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer identification.

[0020] 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息,且消息中的结果代码为0,表示所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备已经成为所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络的一部分,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的控制通道和数据通道建立。 [0020] When the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor monitoring the received sensing railway track railway track from the sensor network controller monitoring network access multiplexers access response message, and the message is the result code 0 , representing the railway track sensor monitoring the access multiplexers have become part of the network monitoring sensor monitoring a railway track railway track network controller controls the sensor, the sensor monitoring the access multiplexers and the railroad track rail monitoring the control channel between the rails sensor network controller and a data channel establishment. [0021] 根据本发明的第四方面,提供了一种连接请求消息。 [0021] According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a connection request message. 连接请求消息中不承载任何信息元。 Connection request message does not carry any information element. 连接请求消息用于保持铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备之间的控制通道的连接状态。 Holding a connection request message for monitoring railway tracks and a railway track sensor network controller monitors the sensor state control channel access connection between multiplexers.

[0022]当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备成功接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,并成为铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员时,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备需要保持和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的连接,并及时发现和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的网络连接故障。 [0022] When the sensor monitoring railway track railway track access Multiplexer successful access network controller monitoring sensor, and the sensor monitoring railway tracks become in a network topology, the railway track monitoring sensors multiplexed access device needs to stay connected and railway track monitoring sensor network controller, and to detect and monitor the railway track network between the sensor network controller connection failure. 为此,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备会周期性地发送连接请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器。 To this end, the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor periodically transmits a connection request message to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller.

[0023] 根据本发明的第五方面,提供了一种连接请求响应消息。 [0023] According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a connection request response message. 连接请求响应消息中不承载任何信息元。 Connection request response message does not carry any information element.

[0024] 连接请求响应消息是对连接请求消息的应答消息。 [0024] connection request response message is a reply message to the connection request message. 当铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的连接请求消息后,会立刻发送连接请求响应消息给所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备。 When the railway track monitoring sensor connected to the network controller receives from the railroad tracks to monitor the sensing multiplexing equipment access request message, immediately transmits a connection request response message to the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors. 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的连接请求响应消息,说明铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的控制通道是连通的。 When the railway track between the sensor monitoring the access multiplex device receives a connection request from the railroad track network controller monitoring sensor response message that the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors and sensor monitoring railway track network controller the control channel is connected.

[0025] 连接请求和连接请求响应消息的使用,可以使铁路轨道监测传感接入复用及时检测与铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间的控制通道的连接状态。 [0025] connection request and the connection request response message used, can monitor the railway track sensing multiplexed access timely detect a connection state between the control channel monitoring railway track sensor network controller. 若铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备不能及时收到连接请求响应消息,则表示铁路轨道监测传感接入复用和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间的控制通道连接失效,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用将重新启动铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发现流程,并建立和所配置的其它铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的网络连接。 If the railway track monitoring sensors can not be timely access Multiplexer connection request response message is received, it means the track rail sensing monitoring and access control channel multiplexed between the railroad track network controller is connected to monitor sensor failure monitoring railway track sensor multiplexing access railway tracks will restart monitoring sensor network controller discovery process, and to establish and between other railway track network monitoring sensor network controller is configured to connect. 若铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器不能在定时周期内收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用的连接请求消息,则表示铁路轨道监测传感接入复用和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间的控制通道连接失效,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器将所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备从铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中去除,停止为该铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备提供网络接入和控制服务。 If the railway track monitoring sensor network controller can not be received from the connected sensors monitor the railway track multiplexed access request message in a timing cycle, said sensor monitoring the railway track and the railway track access monitoring multiplexed sensor network control connected between the control channel fails, railway track network controller monitoring sensor monitoring the railway track sensor is removed from the railroad track access Multiplexer monitoring sensor network topology, the access is stopped for railway track monitoring sensors Multiplexer provides network access and control services.

[0026] 根据本发明的第六方面,提供了铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入过程的处理流程。 [0026] According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process flow monitoring sensor Access Multiplexer railway track network access procedure. 其中,包括以下步骤: Wherein, comprising the steps of:

[0027] a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器; [0027] a) Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors monitor sensor transmits an access Multiplexer railway track network access request message to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller;

[0028] b)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器进行准入检查,判断是否接受所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入请求; [0028] b) sensor monitoring a railroad track network access controller checks to determine whether to accept the railway track monitoring sensor multiplexing equipment access network access request;

[0029] c)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息给所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备,消息中的结果代码表示是否接受所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入请求。 [0029] c) monitoring the railway track railway track sensor network controller transmits sensor monitoring network access multiplexers access response message to the Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors, message result code indicating whether receiving the rail track monitoring sensor multiplexing equipment access network access request.

[0030] 根据本发明的第七方面,提供了铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间控制通道的维护流程。 [0030] According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided a railway track monitoring sensors and access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor network controller channel maintenance process. 其中,包括以下步骤: Wherein, comprising the steps of:

[0031] a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备发送连接请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器; [0031] a) monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer sensor transmits a connection request message to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller;

[0032] b)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器在接收到连接请求消息后,发送连接请求响应消息到所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备。 [0032] b) monitoring the railway track sensor network controller upon receiving the connection request message, transmits a connection request response message to the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors.

[0033] 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备实现到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络接入过程后,为了维护其间的通信连接,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备会周期性地发送连接请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,执行控制通道连接的维护过程,以维护和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的通信连接。 [0033] When the sensor monitoring a railway track to achieve access to the network access procedure Multiplexer railway track sensor network controller monitors, in order to maintain the communication connection therebetween, the sensor monitoring the access cycle will be a railway track Multiplexer manner transmits a connection request message to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller performs a control channel connection maintenance procedure, to maintain the communication connection between the rail and the rail monitoring sensor network controller.

[0034] 采用本发明的方案,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备可以动态接入由铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络,成为所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑的一员,并在其后设备运行过程中持续维护和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的控制通道。 [0034] The embodiment of the present invention, the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors can dynamically access network of railway tracks railway track monitoring sensor monitoring sensor network controller controlled to become the railway track monitoring sensors a railway track monitoring sensor network topology network controlled by the controller, and on-going maintenance and control channel between the track rail network controller monitoring sensor during subsequent operation of the device.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0035] 通过参照附图阅读以下所作的对非限制性实施例的详细描述,本发明的其它特征、目的和优点将会变得更明显。 [0035] Non-limiting detailed description of embodiments taken with reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention further features, objects and advantages will become more apparent. 本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 Exemplary embodiment of the present invention are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention. 在附图中: In the drawings:

[0036] 图I示出了铁路轨道监测传感网络的系统架构图; [0036] Figure I shows a system architecture diagram of a network monitoring sensor railway track;

[0037] 图2示出了铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元结构示意图; [0037] FIG. 2 shows a railway track monitoring sensor hardware structural diagram of the access unit described Multiplexer;

[0038] 图3示出了铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元结构示意图; [0038] FIG. 3 shows a schematic description of the railway track inspection access Multiplexer sensing cell structure;

[0039] 图4示出了铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述单元结构示意图; [0039] FIG. 4 shows a railway track network controller monitoring sensor cell structure described in a schematic view;

[0040] 图5示出了根据本发明的一个具体实施例的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入过程的流程图; [0040] FIG. 5 shows a flowchart of a sensor monitoring the railway track a particular embodiment of the present invention, an access multiplexing device of a network access procedure;

[0041] 图6示出了根据本发明的一个具体实施例的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间控制通道的维护过程的流程图。 [0041] FIG. 6 shows a flowchart of a railway track monitoring sensor of the present invention, a specific embodiment of the access multiplex equipment railway track and monitor the sensor network controller maintenance passage.

[0042] 其中,相同或相似的附图标记表示相同或相似的步骤特征或装置/模块。 [0042] wherein, same or similar reference numerals designate the same or similar step feature or means / modules.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0043] 下面结合附图,对本发明的优选实施方式进行详细的说明。 [0043] The accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

[0044] 如图I所示,在铁路轨道监测传感网络中,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备2、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备3、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备η等分别负责控制各局域范围内的铁路轨道监测传感器节点,组织管理局域传感网络。 [0044] FIG. I, in the sensor network monitoring railway tracks, railway track access Multiplexer I monitoring sensor, the monitoring sensor Access Multiplexer railway track 2, the track rail sensors monitor Access Multiplexer 3 equipment, railway track monitoring sensors, respectively, η access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors responsible for the control of each node within the local scope, organization and management of a local sensor network. 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I是整个铁路轨道监测传感网络的核心控制设备,负责对网络内的所有铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备进行控制管理。 Railway track monitoring sensor network controller I is the core of the entire sensor network to monitor railway track control equipment, responsible for all railway track monitoring sensor in the control and management of network access multiplexers.

[0045] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I通过铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发现过程,发现作为其主用控制设备的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I是可连通的。 [0045] Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors I railway track discovery process by monitoring the sensor network controller, as it was found with the main railway track monitoring sensor network controller device I are connected. 随后,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I启动铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入过程,发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器1,请求接入。 Subsequently, the sensor monitor railway track railway track access Multiplexer I promoter access Multiplexer sensor monitoring a network access procedure, sending an access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor network access request message transmitted to the monitoring of railway track sensing the network controller 1, the access request. 如果铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I允许铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I接入,则铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I成为铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络中的一员。 If the railroad track to allow monitoring of the sensor network controller I Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors I access, the Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor monitoring sensor I of the railroad track network controller controlled I railway track monitoring sensor network a.

[0046] 以下,参考图2和图3对本发明的第二方面进行描述,其中,图I及其相关描述在此一并作为参考。 [0046] Hereinafter, with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3 will be described for the second aspect of the present invention, wherein FIG. I and the related description is hereby incorporated by reference.

[0047] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息被铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备用于向铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器请求网络接入服务。 [0047] Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring network access request message is an access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors for requesting network access services to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller.

[0048] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息中所承载的信息包括:铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元、会话标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备IP地址。 [0048] Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring network access request information carried in the message comprises: monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer Hardware Description sensing means sensing monitoring railway track access Multiplexer described unit, the session identifier, the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor IP address. 其中: among them:

[0049] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的硬件信息。 [0049] Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor hardware description information unit for carrying railway track monitoring sensor hardware access multiplexing equipment. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元结构如图2所示,它用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的硬件信息,包括:设备生产厂商标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备序列号、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备MAC地址。 Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor hardware description unit structure shown in Figure 2, which is used to monitor the hardware information carrier sensing railway track access multiplexing equipment, comprising: a manufacturer identifier, sensing devices monitoring railway track access Multiplexer serial number, the sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer MAC address. 设备生产厂商用于表示铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的生产厂商;铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备序列号用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的硬件序列号;铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备MAC地址用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的MAC地址信息。 Equipment manufacturers for monitoring railway track sensor indicates an access multiplex equipment manufacturers; Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors for carrying a serial number serial number of the hardware monitor sensor railway track access multiplexing equipment; access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring the MAC address for the MAC address information of the access bearer railway track monitoring sensor multiplexing equipment.

[0050] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的描述信息。 [0050] Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors description information description unit for monitoring the sensor carrying railway track access multiplexing equipment. 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元结构如图3所示,它用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述信息,包括:参数类型、参数值长度、参数值。 Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors description unit structure shown in Figure 3, which is used to access the carrier sense multiplexing device monitoring railway track description information, comprising: a parameter type, the length of the parameter value, the parameter value. 其中,参数类型包括:0_硬件版本号、I-运行的软件版本号、2-铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备引导程序版本号、3-其他软件版本号;参数值长度表示参数值的长度字节数;参数值表示指定参数类型的值信息。 Wherein the parameter type comprising: 0_ hardware version, I- running software version number, a 2-sensing monitoring railway track access Multiplexer boot program version number, software version number of other 3; parameter value of a parameter value representing a length length number of bytes; parameter value represents the value of the type specified parameter information.

[0051] 会话标识是随机产生的32位长度整数,以作为本消息的会话标识。 [0051] The session identifier is randomly generated 32-bit length of the integer, to identify this message as a session.

[0052] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备IP地址用于指出铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备发包地址,这个IP地址在NAT检测时将被用到,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器可以通过此IP地址判别其和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备之间的网络连接中是否存在NAT设备。 [0052] Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors for indicating the IP address of the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors contract address, is used when the IP address detected a NAT, railway track network monitoring sensor control this IP address can be determined whether a NAT device and the network connection between its monitoring sensor railway track in the access multiplexers. 当承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息数据包的源IP地址和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备IP地址相同时,表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备之间不存在NAT设备,否则表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备之间存在NAT设备。 When carrying railway track access Multiplexer sensor monitoring network access request source IP address and the sensor monitoring railway track access message packet multiplexing device IP addresses are the same, showing a railroad track rail and monitoring the sensor network controller NAT device does not exist between the track access Multiplexer monitoring sensor, indicating the presence of a NAT device or between the sensor network controller monitoring the railway track and the track rail sensors monitor the access multiplexers.

[0053] 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I请求接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I时,它发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器1,消息中携带铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的设备描述信息。 [0053] When the sensor monitoring railway track access requesting access Multiplexer I railway track monitoring sensor network controller I, it sends an access Multiplexer sensor monitoring a railroad track network access request message to the monitoring railway track a sensor network controller, the message carries the access Multiplexer railway track sensing device to monitor the information I described.

[0054] 以下,结合图4对本发明的第三方面进行描述,其中,图I及其相关描述在此一并作为参考。 [0054] Here, FIG. 4 in conjunction with a third aspect of the present invention will be described, wherein FIG. I and the related description is hereby incorporated by reference.

[0055] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息中所承载的信息包括:结果代码、铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述单元、铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备固件版本标识符、最大消息长度。 [0055] Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring a network access response information carried in the message comprises: result code, railway track network monitoring sensor controller description unit, railway track network controller identification sensor monitoring, railroad access Multiplexer track identification sensor monitoring, sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer firmware version identifier, the maximum message length. 其中: among them:

[0056] 结果代码表示对铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息的响应结果,O表示网络接入成功,I表示网络接入失败。 [0056] The code represents the results of the railway track in response to the sensor monitoring the access request message to a network access multiplexers, O for network access is successful, I represents the network access failure.

[0057] 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述信息,包括:当前铁路轨道监测传感器节点数量、铁路轨道监测传感器节点数量限制、当前铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备数量、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备数量限制、安全证书类型、DTLS策略、保留域、参数类型、参数值长度、参数值。 [0057] The sensor network controller monitoring railway tracks describing unit for carrying the sensor network controller monitoring railway track description information, comprising: a railway track monitoring sensor node number, node number of railway track monitoring sensor current limit, monitoring the current track rail pass access Multiplexer quantity sensing, monitoring railway track access Multiplexer quantity sensor, the type of security certificate, a DTLS policy, leave the domain, the parameter type, the length of the parameter value, the parameter value. 其中: among them:

[0058] 当前铁路轨道监测传感器节点数量是指所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器目前所管理的铁路轨道监测传感器节点个数。 [0058] The current number of railway track monitoring sensors is the number of nodes of the sensor network controller monitoring railway track currently managing railway track monitoring sensor nodes.

[0059] 铁路轨道监测传感器节点数量限制是指所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器最大可以管理的铁路轨道监测传感器节点数量。 [0059] railway track monitoring sensors quantity refers to the maximum number of nodes may monitor the sensor network controller railway track railway track monitoring sensors management node.

[0060] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备数量是指所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器目前所连接的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备数量。 [0060] Access Multiplexer sensor monitoring railway track number monitoring means sensing the railway track railway track monitoring sensor network controller currently connected access Multiplexer number.

[0061] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备数量限制是指所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器最大可以连接的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备数量。 [0061] Access Multiplexer railway track inspection quantity sensing means sensing said railway track railway track monitoring sensor monitoring network access controller can be connected to the maximum number of multiplexing equipment. [0062] 安全证书类型表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器支持的安全证书类型,I表示X. 509证书形式,2表示预先共享密钥方式。 [0062] indicates the type of security certificates railway track monitoring sensor network controller supports the type of security certificates, I represents the form of X. 509 certificates, 2 represents a key pre-shared manner.

[0063] DTLS策略是指铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备间数据传输是否使用DTLS加密方式,O表不明文传输,I表不DTLS加密。 [0063] DTLS policy refers to railway track and monitor the sensor network controller monitors the sensor rail track data transmission between the access multiplexers whether DTLS encryption, O unknown table packet transmission, I DTLS table is not encrypted.

[0064] 保留域是指为未来扩展所保留的信息域。 [0064] reserved domain refers to information field reserved for future expansion.

[0065] 参数类型表示参数值域内承载的参数的类型,I表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器硬件版本号,2表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器软件版本号。 [0065] Parameter Type parameter indicates the type of the parameter value within bearer, I represents railway track monitoring sensor network controller hardware version number, 2 denotes railway track monitoring sensor network controller software version number.

[0066] 参数值长度表示参数值的长度字节数。 [0066] The value of the length parameter indicates the number of bytes the length of the parameter value.

[0067] 参数值表示指定参数类型的值信息。 [0067] The parameter value represents the value of the type specified parameter information.

[0068] 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器标识表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络内部标识号。 [0068] railway track monitoring sensor network controller internal network identifier indicates the identification number of railway track monitoring sensor network controller.

[0069] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备标识用于表示分配给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络内部标识号。 [0069] Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor network identifier is used to indicate internal identification number assigned to the sensor monitoring the railway track access multiplexing equipment.

[0070] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备固件版本标识符被用来指出要求铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备运行的固件版本的版本号。 [0070] Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors firmware version identifier is used to indicate requirements for monitoring railway track access Multiplexer sensing running firmware version number.

[0071] 最大消息长度用来指出铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的消息的最大长度。 [0071] The maximum message length is used to indicate the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors and the maximum length of railway track monitoring messages between the sensor network controller.

[0072] 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I请求接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I时,它发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器1,消息中携带铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的设备描述信息。 [0072] When the sensor monitoring railway track access requesting access Multiplexer I railway track monitoring sensor network controller I, it sends an access Multiplexer sensor monitoring a railroad track network access request message to the monitoring railway track a sensor network controller, the message carries the access Multiplexer railway track sensing device to monitor the information I described. 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I接收到所述消息后,进行准入判断,准入判断成功,则发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求响应消息到铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备1,消息中的结果代码被设置为0,消息中还携带铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I的描述信息、为铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I分配的网络内部标识号、要求铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I运行的固件版本的标识符、等等信息。 After railway track monitoring sensor network controller I receives the message, the access determination, determining successful access, the monitor sensor transmits an access Multiplexer railway track network access request message in response to the sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer 1, the result code in the message is set to 0, the message further carries information describing the railway track monitoring sensor network controller I, the multiplexing device assigned to the internal network I access sensors monitor the railway track identification number, the access requirements of railway track monitoring sensor operation I multiplexing device firmware version identifier, and so forth.

[0073] 以下,对本发明的第四方面进行描述,其中,图I及其相关描述在此一并作为参考。 [0073] In the following, a fourth aspect of the present invention will be described, wherein FIG. I and the related description is hereby incorporated by reference.

[0074] 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I成功接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器1,并成为铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员时,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I需要保持和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I之间的通信连接,并及时发现和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I之间的网络连接故障。 When [0074] When the sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer I successful access railway track monitoring sensor network controller 1, and the sensor monitoring railway tracks becomes a member of the network topology, the railway track access monitoring sensor Multiplexer and I need to keep track rail sensor monitoring a communication connection between network controller I, between the network and discover the railway track and monitor the sensor network controller I connection failure. 为此,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I会周期性地发送连接请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器1,以维持和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I之间的控制通道的连通性。 For this purpose, the sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer I periodically transmits a connection request message to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller 1, in order to maintain and control the channel between the I rail track monitoring sensor network controller connectivity.

[0075] 连接请求消息的消息体中不携带任何信息元,连接请求消息的消息头中包含连接请求消息的消息类型号。 Does not carry a message body [0075] Any connection request message information element, the connection request message contains the message header message type number of the connection request message.

[0076] 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I通过来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的连接请求消息,来确认两者之间的控制通道是连通的。 [0076] The sensor network controller monitoring railway tracks I request message from a sensor monitoring the railway track access multiplex device I connected to the control channel confirmed communication between the two is.

[0077] 以下,对本发明的第五方面进行描述,其中,图I及其相关描述在此一并作为参考。 [0077] In the following, a fifth aspect of the present invention will be described, wherein FIG. I and the related description is hereby incorporated by reference.

[0078] 连接请求响应消息是对连接请求消息的应答消息,由铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发送给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备。 [0078] connection request response message is a reply message to the connection request message, sent by the sensor network controller monitoring railway track railway track monitoring sensors to access Multiplexer.

[0079] 当铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的连接请求消息后,会立刻发送连接请求响应消息给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I。 [0079] When the railway track monitoring sensor I is received from the network controller monitoring railway track access multiplex device I connected to the sensing request message, immediately transmits a connection request response message to the railway track monitoring sensors multiplexed access equipment I. 当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I的连接请求响应消息,说明铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I之间的控制通道是连通的。 When the sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer I receives a connection request from the monitoring railway track sensor network controller I response message, indicating that the sensing rail track inspection and access Multiplexer I railway track monitoring sensor network control a control channel between the communication device I is.

[0080] 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I会定时收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的连接请求消息,如果铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I在预配置的超时时间内未接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入设备I的连接请求消息,则铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I判定到所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I之间的控制通道连接失效,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I将会从铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中移除所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I及其所控制的局域铁路轨道监测传感网络。 [0080] railway track monitoring sensor network controller connected to receive I will periodically monitor the railway track from the access multiplexers I sensing request message, if the timeout monitoring railway tracks in the sensor network controller I preconfigured is not received from the connected sensors monitor the railway track access device I request message, the monitoring of railway tracks to the sensor network controller determines that the I monitoring sensor railway track access control channel multiplexing device is connected between the I failure , railway track network controller monitors the sensor I will be removed from the sensor network topology monitoring railway track in the rail track monitoring sensors I and their local access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor networks controlled.

[0081] 根据本发明实施例,还提供了一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入过程的处理流程。 [0081] According to an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a process flow for a railway track access Multiplexer monitoring sensor network access procedure. 下面根据图5并结合图I来介绍该流程。 The below in conjunction with FIG. 5 and FIG I to introduce the flow.

[0082] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的网络接入过程包括以下处理步骤: [0082] Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor I, a network access procedure comprises the following process steps:

[0083] 步骤S10,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I。 [0083] Step S10, the sensor monitoring the access Multiplexer railway track railway track monitoring sensor I sent an access request message to a network access multiplexers railway track monitoring sensor network controller I.

[0084] 步骤S11,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I在接收到铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息后,根据消息中的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的描述信息,进行准入检查,判断是否接受该网络接入请求。 [0084] step S11, the railway track monitoring sensor network controller I after receiving the Access Multiplexer railway track sensor monitoring network access request message, in the message to the sensor monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer I description information, access checks to determine whether to accept the request for network access.

[0085] 步骤S12,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备1,并在铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息中的结果代码中携带准入检查的结果。 [0085] Step S12, the sensor network controller monitoring railway track railway track monitoring sensor I transmits an access response message to the network access multiplexers sensor monitoring a railway track access multiplexing device 1, transmission and monitoring of railway track access Multiplexer sensing results in response to a network access message carries the access result code check. 如果结果代码为成功(值为O),则表示铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I成功接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I ;如果结果代码为失败(值为I),则表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I拒绝铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的网络接入请求,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I的网络接入操作失败。 If the success result code (a value of O), said sensor monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer I successful access railway track monitoring sensor network controller I; if a failure result code (value I), said monitoring the sensor network controller railway track railway track I denied access Multiplexer sensor monitoring the network access request I, sensor monitoring railway track access network access multiplexers I operation failed. 此时,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I需要重新进行铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发现过程,发现其他可用的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,并尝试与其建立网络连接。 In this case, the sensor monitoring railway track I need to re-access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor network controller discovery process, find other available sensor network controller monitoring railway tracks, and attempt to establish a network connection.

[0086] 根据本发明实施例,还提供了一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间控制通道的维护流程。 [0086] According to an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a railway track monitoring sensors and access Multiplexer railway track maintenance monitoring sensor network controller controls the flow channel. 下面根据图6并结合图I来介绍该流程。 Below in conjunction with FIG. 6 and FIG I to introduce the flow.

[0087] 铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I间控制通道的维护流程包括以下处理步骤: [0087] Access Multiplexer sensor monitoring railway track between the I and the control channel I railway track maintenance monitoring sensor network controller comprises the following process steps:

[0088] 步骤S20,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I发送连接请求消息到其所连接的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I。 [0088] step S20, the railway track sensor monitoring the access multiplex device I transmits a connection request message to the track rail monitoring sensor network controller which they are attached I.

[0089] 步骤S21,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I在接收到连接请求消息后,发送连接请求响应消息给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I。 [0089] step S21, the railway track monitoring sensor network controller I upon receiving the connection request message, transmits a connection request response message to the Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor I.

[0090] 铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器I和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备I通过上述流程来判断两者之间的控制通道的连通性。 [0090] railway track and monitor the sensor network controller I Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors to determine the communication control I channel therebetween by the above process.

[0091] 以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。 [0091] The above description is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the invention to those skilled in the art, the present invention may have various changes and variations. 凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改,等同替换,改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 Any modification within the spirit and principle of the present invention, made, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. 一种铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法,其特征在于: a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法帮助铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备动态接入由铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络,成为所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员; b)在铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备通过铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发现过程检测到可以连通的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器后,开始启动到所述铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络接入过程。 The method of monitoring the sensing rail network access multiplexers 1. A railway access, wherein: a network access method of a) monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer sensing sensor monitoring railway tracks help Access Multiplexer dynamic access device controlled by the sensor network controller monitoring railway track railway track monitoring sensor network, a sensor monitoring a railway track railway track network topology of the network controller monitoring sensor in the control; b) after the railway track access Multiplexer monitoring sensor is detected during discovery railway track sensor network controller may monitor the communication by monitoring the railway track sensor network controller, the railway track started to monitor the sensor network a network access process controller.
2.根据权利要求I所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法,其特征还在于:铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备只有在获得铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络接入服务后,才可以接入该铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器所控制的铁路轨道监测传感网络,并开始组建以铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备为核心的铁路轨道监测局域传感网络。 The network access method of claim I Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor as claimed in claim, characterized in further comprising: monitoring the sensing railway track access Multiplexer obtained only railway track monitoring sensor network control after the network access server before they can access railway track railway track monitoring sensor networks that monitor sensor networks controlled by a controller, and began to build a rail track monitoring sensor access multiplexing equipment at the core of the railway track monitoring local sensor network.
3.根据权利要求I所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法,其特征还在于: a)当铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备成功接入铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,并成为铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中的一员时,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备需要保持和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的连接,并及时发现和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的网络连接故障; b)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备会周期性地发送连接请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器,持续维护和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的控制通道的连通性。 The network access method of claim I Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: a) Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor monitoring the success of an access pass when the railway track flu network controller, and became the railway track monitoring sensor network topology of a railway track monitoring sensor access Multiplexer need to stay connected and railway track monitoring sensor network controllers, and to discover and railroad tracks the network connection between the network controller monitoring sensor; b) monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer sensor periodically transmits a connection request message to the sensor network controller monitoring railway track for maintenance and monitoring of railway track pass communication control channel between the network controller sense.
4.根据权利要求I所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法,其特征还在于,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入处理流程包括以下步骤: a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器; b)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器进行准入检查,判断是否接受所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入请求; c)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发送铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息给所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备,消息中的结果代码表示是否接受所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入请求。 4. The network access method of claim I Access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensor as claimed in claim, further characterized in that the monitoring sensor railway track network access multiplexers access process comprises the steps of: a) access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors monitor sensor transmits an access Multiplexer railway track network access request message to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller; b) monitoring the railway track registration sensor network controller the checks to determine whether to accept the network access request the access multiplex equipment monitoring sensor railway track; c) monitoring a railroad track network controller transmits sensor monitoring sensor rail track access response message to the network access multiplexers monitoring sensor to the railway track access Multiplexer, the result code indicates a message whether to accept the request to a network access monitoring sensor railway track access multiplexing equipment.
5.根据权利要求4所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入处理流程,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息的特征在于: a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息被铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备用于向铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器请求网络接入服务; b)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息中所承载的信息包括:铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元、会话标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备IP地址; c)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备硬件描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的硬件信息; d)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备描述信息;e)会话标识是随机产生的32位长度整数,以作为本消息的会 The railway track monitoring sensor as claimed in claim 4, wherein the access network access process multiplexing equipment, railway track access Multiplexer sensor monitoring network access request message is characterized in that: a) monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer sensor network access request message is an access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors for requesting network access services to the railway track monitoring sensor network controller; b) sensing the railway track inspection access Multiplexer request information message carried in the network access device comprises: monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer hardware description sensing means sensing railway track access monitoring unit is described multiplexing device, the session identifier, the monitoring sensor connected to the railway track the multiplexing device IP address; c) monitoring the railway track access Multiplexer hardware description sensing means for monitoring the hardware information carrying railway track access multiplexing equipment sensor; D) railway track monitoring sensors multiplexed access will e) the length of the session identifier is a 32-bit integer randomly generated, as this message; means for carrying the device described sensor monitoring railway track description information access Multiplexer 标识; f)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备IP地址用于标识铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的发包地址。 Identification; F) sensor monitoring a railroad track access Multiplexer IP address is used to monitor the sensor track access contract address multiplexing equipment identifier rail.
6.根据权利要求4所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入处理流程,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息的特征在于: a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息是对铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息的应答消息,由铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发送给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备; b)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入响应消息中所承载的信息包括:结果代码、铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述单元、铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备标识、铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备固件版本标识符、最大消息长度; c)结果代码用于承载对铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备网络接入请求消息的响应结果; d)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器描述单元用于承载铁路轨道监测传感网 The railway track monitoring sensor as claimed in claim 4, wherein the access network access process multiplexing equipment, railway track network monitoring sensor Access Multiplexer access response message comprising: a) monitoring the railway track sensor network access Multiplexer access response message is a response message to the access multiplexers railway track inspection sensing network access request message sent by a railway track monitoring sensor network controller connected to the sensor monitoring the railway track the multiplex equipment; b) access Multiplexer sensor monitoring a railroad track network access response information carried in the message comprises: result code, railway track network monitoring sensor controller description unit, railway track network monitoring sensor control identifications, access Multiplexer railway track identification sensor monitoring, sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer firmware version identifier, the maximum message length; c) the resulting code for carrying railway track monitoring sensors to access complex in response to the result of the request message with a network access device; D) monitoring a railroad track network controller described sensor means for monitoring the sensor network carrying railway track 络控制器描述信息; e)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器标识表示铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器的网络内部标识号; f)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备标识用于表示分配给铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络内部标识号; g)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备固件版本标识符被用来指出要求铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备运行的固件版本的版本号; h)最大消息长度用来指出铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间通信的消息的最大长度。 Description information network controller; E) railway track sensor network controller monitoring intra-network identifier indicates the identification number of railway track monitoring sensor network controller; F) railway track monitoring sensors for indicating an access identifier is assigned to Multiplexer Railway track sensor monitoring network access multiplexers internal identification number; G) sensor monitoring railway track access Multiplexer firmware version identifier is used to indicate requirements for firmware multiplexing device railway track access operation monitoring sensor version number; H) maximum message length is used to indicate the maximum length of the message communication between a railway track and a track monitoring sensor monitoring sensor access Multiplexer railway network controller.
7.根据权利要求I所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的网络接入方法,其特征还在于,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间控制通道的维护流程包含以下步骤: a)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备发送连接请求消息到铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器; b)铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器在接收到连接请求消息后,发送连接请求响应消息到所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备。 The sensing method of monitoring an access network access multiplexers railroad track according to claim I, further characterized in that the monitoring sensor railway track railway track and monitor access Multiplexer sensor network controller maintenance flow control channel comprises the steps of: a) monitoring the railway track railway track sensor transmits the access Multiplexer sensor monitoring a connection request message to the network controller; b) sensing the network controller monitoring the railway track in the connection request is received after the message, it transmits a connection request response message to the access Multiplexer railway track monitoring sensors.
8.根据权利要求7所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间控制通道的维护流程,其特征还在于: a)连接请求和连接请求响应消息的使用,可以使铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备及时检测与铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间的控制通道的连接状态; b)若铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备不能及时收到连接请求响应消息,则表示铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间的控制通道连接失效,铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备将重新启动铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器发现流程,并建立和所配置的其它铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器之间的网络连接;c)若铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器不能在定时周期内收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的连接请求消息,则表示铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道 The railway track monitoring sensor according to claim 7 and railway track access Multiplexer monitoring sensor network controller maintains the flow channel, further characterized in that: a) a connection request and a connection request response message use, the sensor monitoring the railway track can be detected in time the access multiplex device connection state between the control channel and the railway track monitoring sensor network controller; b) monitoring the railway track if not timely receive the sensing access Multiplexer connection request response message, it said railway track monitoring sensors and control access Multiplexer channel between the railway track network controller is connected to monitor sensor failure, sensor monitoring railway track access multiplexers will pass restart monitoring railway track sensing the network controller discovery process, and to establish the network and between the other railway track configured to monitor a network controller connected to the sensor; c) monitoring if the railway track can not be received from the sensor network controller monitoring railway track timing period access Multiplexer sensing connection request message, said monitoring sensor railway track railway track and access Multiplexer 测传感网络控制器间的控制通道连接失效,铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器将所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备从铁路轨道监测传感网络拓扑中去除,停止为该铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备提供网络接入和控制服务。 A control channel between the sensor network controller connected to sensing failure, railway track network controller monitoring sensor monitoring the railway track sensor is removed from the railroad track access Multiplexer monitoring sensor network topology, the stop for the railroad track access Multiplexer sensing monitoring and control services to provide network access.
9.根据权利要求7-8所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间控制通道的维护流程,连接请求消息的特征在于: a)连接请求消息用于保持铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器和铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备之间的控制通道的连接状态; b)连接请求消息中不承载任何信息元; c)铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备会周期性地发送连接请求消息到其所接入的铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器。 Railway track access monitoring sensor according to claim 7-8 and multiplexing equipment railway track maintenance monitoring sensor network controller flow channel, characterized in that the connection request message is: a) a connection request message with holding a connection state of the control channel between the railway track and monitor the sensor network controller monitors the sensor railway track access Multiplexer; b) connection request message does not carry any information element; c) monitoring sensor connected to the railway track the multiplexing device periodically transmits a connection request message to its access railway track monitoring sensor network controller.
10.根据权利要求7-8所述的铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备和铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器间控制通道的维护流程,连接请求响应消息的特征在于: a)连接请求响应消息中不承载任何信息元; b)当铁路轨道监测传感网络控制器接收到来自铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备的连接请求消息后,会用连接请求响应消息应答所述铁路轨道监测传感接入复用设备。 10. A railway track access monitoring sensor according to claim 7-8 and multiplexing equipment monitoring railway track sensor network controller maintains the flow channel, the connection request response message comprising: a) a connection request response message does not carry any information element; b) when the monitored railway track connected to the sensor network controller receives from the sensor to monitor the railway track access request message multiplexing equipment, will reply with a connection request response message to the monitoring railway track access Multiplexer sensing.
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