CN102635787B - Automatic detection device and detection method for water leakage of water pipeline - Google Patents

Automatic detection device and detection method for water leakage of water pipeline Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102635787B
CN102635787B CN201210110513.9A CN201210110513A CN102635787B CN 102635787 B CN102635787 B CN 102635787B CN 201210110513 A CN201210110513 A CN 201210110513A CN 102635787 B CN102635787 B CN 102635787B
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China
Prior art keywords
detection
water
unit
information
water pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210110513.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102635787A (en
Inventor
黄晓
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Sun Yat Sen University
National Sun Yat-sen University
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National Sun Yat-sen University
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Abstract

The invention provides an automatic detection device and a detection method for water leakage of a water pipeline, well solving the problem of pipe network monitoring. The detection device is simple in structure and energy-saving, instantly reports leakage and does not need to maintain in fixed time. The automatic detection device for the water leakage of the water pipeline comprises a detection unit, a transporting unit and a processing unit, wherein the detection unit detects water leakage information and converts the water leakage information into an electronic or digital signal, and after being initialized, the detection unit automatically searches the transporting unit; the transporting unit receives detection information and transports the detection information to the processing unit; the processing unit receives and processes the detection information transferred by the transporting unit; and power is supplied for the detection unit by a water battery; and the water in the water battery is supplied by water leaked from a water pipeline. The automatic detection device has the characteristics that the water battery is applied to leakage detection of a water pipeline, and application scenes comprise families, office buildings and municipal engineering.

Description

A kind of water pipe leak active detecting device and detecting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to pipe detection field, particularly relate to the active detecting field that leaks of water pipe.
Background technique
Water battery is a kind of novel battery, by injected water in battery, generates electricity.Its basic principle is to utilize the poor characteristic of different potentials of different metal, adds water activation generation current, thereby electric energy is provided.Its advantage is not use harmful matter, and only need to just can again utilize by supplementing of water.Water battery is owing to only just producing chemical reaction after certain water yield adding, so if not water filling just can preserve for a long time more than 10 years.Water battery is usually used in the low power dissipation electronic products such as pocket radio receiver, electronics small alarm clock or flashlight, is adapted at the ground such as family, communal facility and stores for future use.
Existing water pipe leaks and detects is all generally to adopt various sensors to assist to carry out, comprise that the correlation between in leak detection method, sound are listened leak detecting, the sound that leaks records the methods such as monitoring method, subregion leak detecting automatically, existing detecting method is take Passive leak detection method as main, though initiatively leak detecting also occurs, but due to problems such as cost and installation difficulty, power-source maintenance, popularization degree is still not high.These detection node of leaking adopt battery or mains powered mostly, and shortcoming is that power supply must provide for a long time, has the problem of battery altering, power-source maintenance aspect.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of simple in structure, energy saving, Times leak, without the water pipe of periodic maintenance leak active detecting device and detecting method, solved well a difficult problem for Supervisory control, water pipe state is monitored economically and reasonably, when reducing water resource waste, reduced the use and maintenance cost of detection device.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of water pipe active detecting device that leaks is provided, comprises following component units:
Detection unit, detection unit detects the information of leaking, and the information of leaking is converted into electronics or digital signal, and automatic search delivery unit after detection unit initialization;
Delivery unit, receives detection information, and sends processing unit to;
Processing unit, receives detection information processing that delivery unit transmits;
It is characterized in that, described detection unit mainly comprises water battery, and is powered by water battery, and the water extraction that the water of water battery is leaked by water pipe supplies; Described detection unit comprises several detection node, and described detection node is arranged on the easy leak source of water pipe.
Further, described delivery unit is radio sensing network.
Further, described detection unit carries out initialization after obtaining electric energy, and automatic search delivery unit is searched for successfully rear detection unit and initiatively added delivery unit.
Further, described detection information comprises self address information.
Further, described delivery unit is to processing unit report detection information and temporal information.
Further, described processing unit is crossed note by detection information exchange and is sent to user mobile phone.
Further, described detection unit is multiple detection node, and described processing unit is server.
The present invention provides a kind of water pipe active detecting method of leaking simultaneously, comprises the following steps, and first detection unit, due to the triggering of leaking, completes initialization, detects the information of leaking, and the information of leaking is converted into electronics or digital signal, and automatic search delivery unit; Then delivery unit receives detection information, and sends detection information to processing unit; Last processing unit receives detection information and processes; Wherein, described detection unit mainly comprises water battery, and is powered by water battery, and the water extraction that the water of water battery is leaked by water pipe supplies; Described detection unit comprises several detection node, and described detection node is arranged on the easy leak source of water pipe.
Further, described delivery unit sends detection information and temporal information to processing unit.
Further, described detection unit is multiple detection node, and described delivery unit is radio sensing network, and described processing unit is server.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect is:
1, detection node adopts water battery power supply, while not leaking at ordinary times, water battery does not produce electric energy and powers to detection node, only when leaking water battery just automatically to produce electric energy be detection node power supply, saved the energy, avoided the problems such as battery altering, maintenance.
2, when leaking, detection node obtains the power supply of water battery, can active detecting and join near in already present radio sensing network, and to network, send detection information and (comprise the address information of self, be leakage point position information), realize the function that initiatively report leaks.
3, the present invention, without extra other leakage sensors that use, simplifies hardware design.
4, the present invention adopts water battery power supply, and service time is long, has extended the working life of detection device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is detection device schematic diagram provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic flow sheet of detecting method provided by the present invention;
Wherein: 1, water battery; 2, mounting points; 3, water pipe.
Embodiment
Be illustrated in figure 1 the structural representation of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, comprise detection unit, the delivery unit being formed by radio sensing network of multiple detection node compositions and the processing unit being formed by server.Detection unit detects the information of leaking, and the information of leaking is converted into electronics or digital signal, and automatic search delivery unit after detection unit initialization; Then delivery unit receives detection information, and sends processing unit to; Last processing unit receives detection information and processes.Detection node is arranged on the easy leak source of water pipe, and water pipe does not leak at ordinary times, and in drying regime, water battery does not produce electric energy, and detection node is not worked, and water battery does not expend electric weight yet; Once water pipe generation seepage, water battery obtains the water of institute's seepage, and electrochemical reaction occurs, and automatically producing electric energy is detection node power supply, and detection node is waken up.So water battery only leaks and just automatically produces electric energy at water pipe, only when leaking, just expend electric weight, very energy-conservation.Detection node is a kind of wireless sensor node of intelligence, has the automatic search that powers on, adds the function of existing wireless sensing network.Near node, be provided with radio sensing network, near radio sensing network can automatic search after detection node is waken up also adds wherein, and send and comprise that the detection information of self address information and temporal information are to server, himself address information is confirmed before installation, be recorded in radio sensing network, temporal information is the time interocclusal record of radio sensing network.Last server end is processed, for example, send and comprise that detection node address information and temporal information send warning message to client's mobile phone terminal.
The invention provides as shown in Figure 2 the water pipe active detecting method of leaking, flow process is as follows:
1) once water pipe generation seepage, water battery obtains water, and automatically to produce electric energy be detection node power supply, detection node is waken up;
2) detection node is carried out initialization after being waken up, and then starts near the radio sensing network of automatic search, searches successfully detection node afterwards and initiatively adds in radio sensing network;
3) detection node, to radio sensing network report detection information, comprises self address information;
4) radio sensing network sends detection information and temporal information to server;
5) server is processed the information receiving, as sent warning message etc. to user mobile phone end.

Claims (7)

1. the water pipe active detecting device that leaks, comprises following component units:
Detection unit, detection unit detects the information of leaking, and the information of leaking is converted into electronics or digital signal, and automatic search delivery unit after detection unit initialization;
Delivery unit, receives detection information, and sends processing unit to;
Processing unit, receives detection information processing that delivery unit transmits;
It is characterized in that, described detection unit mainly comprises water battery, and is powered by water battery, and the water extraction that the water of water battery is leaked by water pipe supplies; Described detection unit comprises several detection node, and described detection node is arranged on the easy leak source of water pipe;
Described delivery unit is radio sensing network;
Described detection unit carries out initialization after obtaining electric energy, and automatic search delivery unit is searched for successfully rear detection unit and initiatively added delivery unit.
2. the water pipe according to claim 1 active detecting device that leaks, is characterized in that, described detection information comprises self address information.
3. the water pipe according to claim 1 active detecting device that leaks, is characterized in that, described delivery unit is to processing unit report detection information and temporal information.
4. the water pipe according to claim 1 active detecting device that leaks, is characterized in that, described processing unit is crossed note by detection information exchange and sent to user mobile phone.
5. the water pipe according to claim 1 active detecting device that leaks, is characterized in that, described processing unit is server.
6. a water pipe according to claim 1 detecting method of active detecting device of leaking, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps, first detection unit is due to the triggering of leaking, complete initialization, the detection information of leaking, is converted into electronics or digital signal by the information of leaking, and automatic search delivery unit; Then delivery unit receives detection information, and sends detection information to processing unit; Last processing unit receives detection information and processes; Wherein, described detection unit mainly comprises water battery, and is powered by water battery, and the water extraction that the water of water battery is leaked by water pipe supplies; Described detection unit comprises several detection node, and described detection node is arranged on the easy leak source of water pipe;
Described delivery unit is radio sensing network, and described processing unit is server.
7. detecting method according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described delivery unit sends detection information and temporal information to processing unit.
CN201210110513.9A 2012-04-16 2012-04-16 Automatic detection device and detection method for water leakage of water pipeline Expired - Fee Related CN102635787B (en)

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CN102635787B true CN102635787B (en) 2014-04-23

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Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103580960B (en) * 2013-11-19 2017-01-11 佛山市络思讯环保科技有限公司 Online pipe network anomaly detection system based on machine learning
CN103697332B (en) * 2013-12-15 2016-08-24 中广核工程有限公司 The online leak detection apparatus of buried aqueduct and detection method
CN105070016A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-18 唐山现代工控技术有限公司 Method and device for monitoring water leakage of underground pipe network
CN106200537A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 桂林创研科技有限公司 A kind of Intelligent building control system
CN106764462A (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-05-31 常州黄河机电工程有限公司 Intelligent conduit pipeline water leakage detection warning protection device and its method of work
CN106958745A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-18 常州常工电子科技股份有限公司 A kind of water-leakage detecting system for family's water supply line
CN109282154A (en) * 2017-07-22 2019-01-29 周尧 A kind of petroleum pipeline leakage monitoring method
CN109282150A (en) * 2017-07-22 2019-01-29 周尧 A kind of running water pipe water leakage monitoring device
CN109282148A (en) * 2017-07-22 2019-01-29 周尧 A kind of natural gas line leakage monitoring method
CN109282155A (en) * 2017-07-22 2019-01-29 周尧 A kind of petroleum pipeline leakage active detecting device
CN109282149A (en) * 2017-07-22 2019-01-29 周尧 A kind of natural gas line leakage active detecting device
CN109282157A (en) * 2017-07-22 2019-01-29 周尧 A kind of running water pipe leakage detection method
CN109282156A (en) * 2017-07-22 2019-01-29 周尧 A kind of method of water battery monitoring water pipe leak

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CN1936414A (en) * 2006-08-12 2007-03-28 陈宜中 Non-conductive material water-supply pipeline leak-detection method
CN101339421A (en) * 2008-08-11 2009-01-07 伍华本 Wireless control water leakage detection protector
CN201925724U (en) * 2010-06-18 2011-08-10 马润金 Water pipe leakage monitoring system
CN202501199U (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-10-24 中山大学 Active detection device for water pipe leakage

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1936414A (en) * 2006-08-12 2007-03-28 陈宜中 Non-conductive material water-supply pipeline leak-detection method
CN101339421A (en) * 2008-08-11 2009-01-07 伍华本 Wireless control water leakage detection protector
CN201925724U (en) * 2010-06-18 2011-08-10 马润金 Water pipe leakage monitoring system
CN202501199U (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-10-24 中山大学 Active detection device for water pipe leakage

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