CN102632464B - Swinging bed type shot blasting processor - Google Patents

Swinging bed type shot blasting processor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102632464B
CN102632464B CN201210139835.6A CN201210139835A CN102632464B CN 102632464 B CN102632464 B CN 102632464B CN 201210139835 A CN201210139835 A CN 201210139835A CN 102632464 B CN102632464 B CN 102632464B
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China
Prior art keywords
bed
swing
swinging
shot blasting
discharging
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CN201210139835.6A
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CN102632464A (en
Inventor
李彦青
王洋
郭岸鑫
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Baoding Yonghong Foundry Machinery Co., Ltd.
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MANCHENG COUNTY YONGHONG FOUNDING MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a swinging bed type shot blasting processor, and belongs to the field of casting equipment. The shot blasting processor comprises a swinging bed, a shot blasting machine, a screw feeder, a lifter, a sand and shot separator, a feeding vibrating bed and a discharging vibrating bed, wherein the feeding vibrating bed and the discharging vibrating bed are fixed on the ground. The swinging bed is arranged at the lower part of the feeding vibrating bed and at the upper part of the discharging vibrating bed; the swinging bed is cylindrical and has a diameter of 600-2500mm; moreover, the swinging bed is inclined; one end of the swinging bed close to the feeding vibrating bed is higher than one end of the swinging bed close to the discharging vibrating bed; and the inclined angle of the swinging bed is 2-20 DEG. According to the swinging bed type shot blasting processor, the swinging bed forms a certain angle with the horizontal direction. When the swinging bed swings, a casting turns leftwards and rightwards and moves forwards continuously. The whole production process is continuously performed; and the casting directly enters a continuous shot blasting cleaning machine without any transfer and transportation, so as to perform surface cleaning without transfer of a workpiece, so that the production efficiency are greatly increased and the transportation cost is reduced.

Description

Swing-bed formula shot blasting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of metal surface treating device, belong to Casting Equipment field, especially a kind of swing-bed formula shot blasting machine.
Background technology
Foundry goods, weldment and some often remain oxide skin and sand grains through heat treated surface of the work, need to process its surface, to improve the surface cleanness of workpiece, and effectively can eliminate internal stress, increase the intensity of workpiece and mechanical performance.Ball blast function simultaneously to foundry goods fall sand ﹑ decore and cleaning.
First shot-blast apparatus is applied to foundry industry cast steel, the surperficial scab of ironcasting and the removing of oxide skin.Nearly all steel-casting, grey foundry goods, malleable iron component, G. Iron Castings etc. all will carry out Shot Blasting.This is not only to remove cast(ing) surface oxide skin, scab and burr, and can obtain the surface quality with decoration meaning, improves resultant effect.
Shot-blast cleaning machine utilizes iron and steel ball to deliver on the disk of High Rotation Speed, utilizes the effect of centrifugal force, makes the shot of dishing out at a high speed clash into piece surface, reach the object of light decorations, impeller blasting function makes piece surface produce compression, and does not have siliceous powder, and environmental pollution is little.
Shot-blast cleaning machine main application is as follows:
1. shot-blast cleaning machine makes piece surface produce compression, can improve their fatigue strength and the ability of tension stress corrosion;
2. shot-blast cleaning machine can correct the thin-walled parts of distortion;
3. the technology generations of shot-blast cleaning machine is for general hot and cold moulding process, carries out processing and forming, piece surface not only can be avoided to have residual tension, and can obtain the compression favourable to part to large thin-wall aluminum hardware.It should be noted: the serviceability temperature of the part of shot-blast cleaning machine process can not be too high, otherwise compression at high temperature can disappear automatically, thus loses expected effect.Their serviceability temperature is determined by the material of part, and be about 260-290 DEG C for general steel-iron components, aluminum hardware only has 170 DEG C.
Through the hardware that shot-blast cleaning machine is cleaned, sand grains or the oxide skin of its remained on surface can not only be removed, its surface can also be strengthened, and the effect of uniformed metal component surface stress can be played; Conventional shot-blast cleaning machine has turntable type airless blast cleaner, passing shot blasting machine, hook-type shot-blast cleaner and barrel-type airless shot-blasting machine etc.; Existing shot-blasting machine is all that the form of secondary charging is carried out, and through type shot-blasting machine is roller bearing form, and shot blast room body is fixed, and shot blast room is horizontal positioned.In whole production process, this structure can not continuous seepage, and foundry goods needs, through being sent in shot-blast cleaning machine, carrying out surface treatment, and then shifted out by foundry goods, the bothersome effort of this process, produces landed cost, can not continuous seepage, affects working (machining) efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of swing-bed formula shot blasting machine that can carry out Shot Blasting continuously, and this device, without the need to having enough to meet the need workpiece, can be enhanced productivity, thus reduces landed cost.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of swing-bed formula shot blasting machine, it is characterized in that shake bed and discharging of the charging comprising swing-bed, impeller head, screw(-type) feeder, elevator, sand ball separator and be fixed on ground is shaken bed;
Described swing-bed is positioned at the shake below of bed, discharging of charging and shakes the top of bed, described swing-bed is cylindrical shape, and its diameter is 600mm ~ 2500mm, and swing-bed is slant setting, it shakes one end of bed higher than the one end of bed of shaking near discharging near charging, and the angle of inclination of swing-bed is 2 ~ 20 degree;
Described charging the shake both sides, middle part of bed of bed and discharging that shake arrange two elevators, and be respectively No. 1 elevator and No. 2 elevators, described No. 1 elevator is connected with swing-bed side by sprocket wheel;
Described impeller head is located at above swing-bed, and described impeller head is provided with along the equally distributed ramming head of swing-bed, and described ramming head quantity is 1-8, and the top of impeller head is provided with screw(-type) feeder, and impeller head is communicated with screw(-type) feeder;
Described sand ball separator is positioned at above the left side of impeller head, swing-bed, and described No. 2 elevators are communicated with the outlet of swing-bed with ball blast separator;
Described swing-bed two ends are provided with sealing device.
The beneficial effect adopting technique scheme to produce is: the swing-bed in the present invention is from the horizontal by certain angle, swing-bed is when swinging, stir about making foundry goods, and constantly move forward, through shot blast room, the sand ball that impeller head is dished out hits cast(ing) surface, its surface impurity can be cleared up on the one hand, play the effect of surface peening on the other hand, when foundry goods moves to swing-bed right-hand member, just collection box is fallen to from swing-bed, and the sand ball of being dished out by impeller head flows out from the surface bottom outlet below loading end, and have elevator feeding separator to be separated, and recycle, whole production process is carried out continuously, and foundry goods directly enters continuous shot-blasting cleaner without any turnover transport and carries out removing surface, without the need to having enough to meet the need workpiece, greatly enhancing productivity, reducing landed cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section of A-A in Fig. 1;
Wherein: 1, discharging is shaken bed, 2, ball blast separator, 3, No. 2 elevators, 4, return ball to shake bed, 5, helix drum band, 6, sand ball separator, 7, swing-bed, 8, No. 1 elevator, 9, charging shakes bed, 10, screw(-type) feeder, 11, cylindrical shell, 12, wind selecting separator, 13, feed back belt feeder, 14, buffer board.
Detailed description of the invention
1 and 2 is known with reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is specifically related to a kind of swing-bed formula shot blasting machine, shake bed 9 and discharging of the charging comprising swing-bed 7, impeller head, screw(-type) feeder 10, elevator, sand ball separator 6 and be fixed on ground is shaken bed 1, described charging the shake both sides, middle part of bed 1 of bed 9 and discharging that shake arrange two elevators, are respectively No. 1 elevator 8 and No. 2 elevators 3.
Described swing-bed 7 be positioned at charging shake bed 9 and discharging shake bed 1 bed body below, described swing-bed 7 is cylindrical shape, its diameter is 600mm ~ 2500mm, and swing-bed 7 is slant setting, it shakes one end of bed 9 higher than the one end of bed 1 of shaking near discharging near charging, the angle of inclination of swing-bed 7 is 2 ~ 20 degree, the angle of inclination of swing-bed 7 can regulate, No. 1 elevator 8 is utilized to be connected with swing-bed 7 side by sprocket wheel, angle of inclination is adjusted by rotating No. 1 elevator 8, and on vertical swing-bed 7 length direction, carry out the swing of certain angle, workpiece stirs in the groove swung, reach, realize the removing surface of workpiece.
Described impeller head 6 is located at above swing-bed 7, and described impeller head 6 is provided with along the equally distributed ramming head of swing-bed 7, and described ramming head quantity is 1-8, and the top of impeller head 6 is provided with screw(-type) feeder 10, and impeller head 6 is communicated with both screw(-type) feeders 10; Described screw(-type) feeder 10 is located at directly over impeller head 6 by means of support level, is provided with the outlet be communicated with impeller head by means of sand ball pipe bottom it; Immediately below the cylindrical shell 11 of shot blast room 6, be provided with buffer board 14 in the bottom of swing-bed 7.
Described sand ball separator 2 is positioned at above the left side of impeller head 6, swing-bed 7, and described No. 2 elevators 3 are communicated with the outlet of swing-bed 7 with ball blast separator 2; When workpiece movable arrives swing-bed 7 right-hand member, just collection box is fallen to from swing-bed 7, and the sand ball of being dished out by impeller head 6 flows out from the surface bottom outlet below loading end, and have No. 2 elevators 3 to send into sand ball separator 2, be separated with wind selecting separator 12 by returning the ball bed 4 that shakes, sand ball after separation is delivered to impeller head 6 by feed back belt 13, thus realizes recycling; Described swing-bed 7 two ends are provided with sealing device, and sealing device is generally rubber seal, prevents dust from leaking outside.
Innovation of the present invention is because swing-bed 7 is from the horizontal by certain angle, swing-bed 7 is when swinging, stir about making foundry goods, and constantly move forward, through shot blast room, the sand ball that impeller head 6 is dished out hits surface of the work, can clear up its surface impurity on the one hand, plays the effect of surface peening on the other hand; Whole production process is carried out continuously, and foundry goods directly enters continuous shot-blasting cleaner without any turnover transport and carries out removing surface, without the need to having enough to meet the need workpiece, greatly enhancing productivity, reducing landed cost.
The present invention in actual applications, swing-bed 7 around longitudinal axis with 120 ° of amplitude swings, thus ensure workpiece mildly upset in be cleaned.Impeller head 6 is positioned at directly over working region, in shot adfluxion, impelling to workpiece realizes energy optimum utilization.Multiple product may be mixed together cleaning, and the loading, unloading material time is short, and productivity ratio is high, and ball material energy obtains optimum utilization.Above swing-bed 7 of the present invention, impeller head 6 position makes all surface of the works be exposed to ball blast completely to flow down, workpiece mildly overturns, ball blast region is large, the ball blast cycle is short, and ball blast region does not have movable part, and workpiece there will not be winding, loading, unloading material workpiece height of drop is very little, space is saved in compact structure design, and all component maintenance of equipment are convenient, are easily integrated in existing production line.

Claims (1)

1. a swing-bed formula shot blasting machine, is characterized in that shake bed (9) and discharging of the charging comprising swing-bed (7), impeller head (6), screw(-type) feeder (10), elevator, sand ball separator and be fixed on ground is shaken bed (1);
Described swing-bed (7) is positioned at the shake below of bed (9), discharging of charging and shakes the top of bed (1), described swing-bed (7) is cylindrical shape, its diameter is 600mm ~ 2500mm, and swing-bed (7) is slant setting, it shakes one end of bed (9) higher than the one end of bed (1) of shaking near discharging near charging, and the angle of inclination of swing-bed (7) is 2 ~ 20 degree;
Described charging the shake both sides, middle part of bed (1) of bed (9) and discharging that shake arrange two elevators, and be respectively No. 1 elevator (8) and No. 2 elevators (3), described No. 1 elevator (8) is connected with swing-bed (7) side by sprocket wheel;
Swing-bed (7) top is located at by described impeller head (6), described impeller head (6) is provided with along swing-bed (7) equally distributed ramming head, described ramming head quantity is 1-8, the top of impeller head (6) is provided with screw(-type) feeder (10), the bottom of screw(-type) feeder (10) is provided with the outlet be communicated with impeller head by means of sand ball pipe, and both impeller head (6) and screw(-type) feeder (10) are communicated with; Buffer board (14) is provided with in the bottom of swing-bed (7);
Described sand ball separator (2) is positioned at left side, swing-bed (7) top of impeller head (6), and described No. 2 elevators (3) are communicated with the outlet of swing-bed (7) with ball blast separator (2);
Described swing-bed (7) two ends are provided with sealing device.
CN201210139835.6A 2012-05-08 2012-05-08 Swinging bed type shot blasting processor Active CN102632464B (en)

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CN102632464B true CN102632464B (en) 2015-03-11

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104263879A (en) * 2014-10-07 2015-01-07 乜忠利 Swing type furnace charge shot-blasting clearing bed of continuous pass type electric furnace

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4001976A (en) * 1975-06-23 1977-01-11 Wheelabrator-Frye, Inc. Apparatus for cleaning casting
CN2885504Y (en) * 2006-02-05 2007-04-04 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Slant drum-type shot blasting cleaner
CN201442218U (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-04-28 青岛新翼海宁机械有限公司 Continuous passing roller oscillating shot blasting machine
CN102240979A (en) * 2011-07-01 2011-11-16 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Continuous shot-blasting cleaner

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05220666A (en) * 1992-02-06 1993-08-31 Taiyo Chuki Co Ltd Movable shot blasting device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4001976A (en) * 1975-06-23 1977-01-11 Wheelabrator-Frye, Inc. Apparatus for cleaning casting
CN2885504Y (en) * 2006-02-05 2007-04-04 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Slant drum-type shot blasting cleaner
CN201442218U (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-04-28 青岛新翼海宁机械有限公司 Continuous passing roller oscillating shot blasting machine
CN102240979A (en) * 2011-07-01 2011-11-16 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Continuous shot-blasting cleaner

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Address after: 072151 west side of West Village, Mancheng District, Hebei, Baoding

Patentee after: Baoding Yonghong Foundry Machinery Co., Ltd.

Address before: Large volumes of Mancheng County in Hebei province Baoding city village 072151

Patentee before: Mancheng County Yonghong Founding Machinery Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee