CN102619272A - Comprehensive control method for town water pollution in three gorges reservoir area - Google Patents

Comprehensive control method for town water pollution in three gorges reservoir area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102619272A
CN102619272A CN2012100950062A CN201210095006A CN102619272A CN 102619272 A CN102619272 A CN 102619272A CN 2012100950062 A CN2012100950062 A CN 2012100950062A CN 201210095006 A CN201210095006 A CN 201210095006A CN 102619272 A CN102619272 A CN 102619272A
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China
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area
water pollution
control
sewage
water
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CN2012100950062A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何强
翟俊
李蕊言
余秋阳
肖海文
郝静
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重庆大学
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Priority to CN2012100950062A priority Critical patent/CN102619272A/en
Publication of CN102619272A publication Critical patent/CN102619272A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a comprehensive control method for the town water pollution in the three gorges reservoir area, comprising a method for controlling a series of pollutants such as the town industrial and domestic pollution sources discharged out of the small-town area and the city area, the urban non-point source pollution caused by the rainfall runoff generation and the like, so that the comprehensive control method has the characteristics of being feasible in technology, reasonable in economical efficiency, remarkable in combined effect and the like, and the defect that the existing pollutant control method is single in implementation mode, free from technology support, and free from pertinence can be overcome. By respectively setting a water pollution control method for the small-town area of the three gorges reservoir area and the residential district, the dense population business district and the industrial park of the city region, the comprehensive control method for the town water pollution in the three gorges reservoir area is integrated, so that the powerful technology support can be provided for realizing the total water quality target requirement and the pollution abatement work in the three gorges reservoir area of China, and the example can be provided for the town water pollution control of various hydraulic and hydro-power engineering reservoir areas in the western China.

Description

Cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges water pollutes integrated control method
Technical field
The invention belongs to water pollution control and improvement field, it is integrated to relate in particular to cities and towns water pollution control technology.
Background technology
It is that a series of pollutant control technologys of carrying out such as a kind of city surface source pollution that causes to cities and towns industry and domestic pollution source, rainfall runoff yield are integrated that cities and towns water pollutes integrated control method, and it possesses skills and goes up feasible, reasonable, characteristics such as comprehensive effect is remarkable economically.
To the groundwater pollution control that different waters, different pollution sources and the enforcement of different pollutants adapt with it, be the key problem in technology of effectively realizing water pollution control, also be the needs of the current national conditions of China.In conjunction with domestic and international research situation, three kinds of pollution control models that meet China's actual conditions have been recommended by State Bureau of Environmental Protection: concentration control model, overall control pattern, dual track system control model.These three kinds of control models all are intended to reach through the control pollutant discharge amount purpose of water environment protection, and shortage is integrated to the pollutant control Study on Technology, more proposes effective pollution control model to concrete waters.And existing cities and towns water pollution control pattern, too single to pollutant type control is that it is mainly not enough, it can only control a certain type of sewage in the sewage effluent of cities and towns.As: kind of Best Management Practices (BMP) is typical rainfall runoff management control model, is of paramount importance technology and the management system that realizes city precipitation runoff pollution of area source control.Because city high speed development and expansion; The BMP management mode can not have been eliminated the strong influence that environment causes; Therefore; The U.S. has proposed urban storm management new ideas-low development mode (Low Impactment Development) of impacting on this basis, is a kind of comprehensive view and rainwater environmental design scheme.Look into newly through science and technology, do not appear in the newspapers as yet to the cities and towns water pollution control method of the many pollution sources in concrete basin.
Summary of the invention
Target of the present invention is to set up cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges water to pollute integrated control method; The city surface source pollution that it is intended to cause to cities and towns industry and domestic pollution source, rainfall runoff yield etc. is carried out a series of pollutants controls, possesses skills to go up feasible, reasonable, characteristics such as comprehensive effect is remarkable economically.
It is a kind of regional pollution thing integrated control method that cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges of the present invention water pollutes integrated control method, mainly comprises townlet zone and the emission control of city area two major parts regional pollution thing.Simultaneously; In the control of city area; Be divided into residential community, densely populated commercial area and industrial park again according to reservoir area pollutant characteristic, adopt different water pollution control method respectively, and the water pollution control method organic integration of zones of different is got up to zones of different; Constitute cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges water and pollute the integrated control method system, control the cities and towns total pollutant discharge of whole reservoir area of Three Gorges with this.
The regional pollution thing control of described townlet, it is little to be primarily aimed at population in small towns density, and the characteristics that building distributes and do not concentrate adopt decentralized type sewage Collecting and dealing pattern, sewage are entered water body nearby.Townlet's sewage imports in the drainage pipe after at first adopting membrane biologic reaction equipment or septic tank dispersion treatment again, and utilizes saprobia membrane technology or artificial swamp technology at pipe end, enters water body after sewage is further purified.Described drainage pipe can adopt the dirty double-layer drainage pipeline of novel rain.
The residential community water pollution control of described city area is primarily aimed at the urban runoff that brought by rainfall and pollutes, adopt economical, collect and transport technical measures and replace centralized large-scale regulation and control and processing structures based on the short rainwater that oozes in source.Concrete grammar comprises: on the square of residential zone, sidewalk, open-air parking level ground etc. adopt permeable pavement, to reduce waterproof hardening region, promote rainwater infiltration; Adopt the other cobble ditch that adopts of grass planting ditch, pavement replacing traditional inlet for stom water and storm sewer in non-municipal carriageway both sides, and at afforested areas the rainwater garden is set and plays the effect of oozing, purify runoff under promoting; In the process that runoff is carried in city inland river, through be provided with regulate the pool regulate and store the peak runoff amount, subdue flood peak, reach the purpose of regulated flow; Before importing the river, master stream, ecological intercepting ditch and vegetation buffer strip are set on the riverbank with the pollutant in the further removal urban runoff.
The densely populated sowntown water pollution control in described city area; Produce the characteristics that point distributes and concentrates to sewage; The sewage that building is produced is confluxed by the drainage pipeline networks collection, adopts artificial swamp to carry out getting in the drainage pipeline networks after the preliminary treatment to the distinctive low absolute altitude sewage in early-stage rainwater, overflow sewage and city, mountain region again.In the pipe network course of conveying, be utilized in branch drain and carry out toxic gas monitoring, in main drain, carry out structural security monitoring, ensure the network security operation, the sewage municipal sewage plant of finally confluxing focuses on and enters the river after up to standard.
The water pollution control of industrial park, described city area; The industrial wastewater that industrial enterprise is produced at first carries out preliminary treatment in the factory; After reaching sewage and entering cities and towns sewer water quality standard; Utilize the municipal drainage pipeline to concentrate again and be delivered to industrial park Wastewater Treatment Plant, the sanitary sewage in industrial park Wastewater Treatment Plant associated treatment industrial wastewater and the industrial park handles entering the river after up to standard.
The present invention compares with method with existing pollutant control model, has following advantage:
1, adopts the control technology that conforms to it to dissimilar zones, cities and towns, have good technical basis and practicality.
2, it is integrated to have formed the water pollution control Study on Technology, and the integrated comprehensive technology system that can support the water pollution control of cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges leads carrying out of cities and towns water pollution control and the work of improvement simultaneously.
3, art recognized, economically rationally, comprehensive effect is remarkable;
4, to cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges water pollution control, take into full account regional feature and utilize software simulation to support, compliance is strong.
The present invention can advance enforcement through the software simulation checking in the water body treating work of reservoir area of Three Gorges.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the schematic flow sheet of cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges water pollution control pattern and method.
The specific embodiment
Following examples further specify content of the present invention, but should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.Under the situation that does not deviate from the present invention's spirit and essence, modification or replacement to the inventive method, step or condition are done all belong to scope of the present invention.
Referring to accompanying drawing, physical simulation of the present invention cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges many technology synergies pollution treatment effect, with this content of this invention and the operation conditions in actual production thereof are described.
At first, be primarily aimed at the sewage of townlet's discharging, after at first handling, enter in the drainage pipe again through distributing sewage disposal technologies such as membrane biologic reaction equipment and septic tanks in the townlet zone in these cities and towns.To drainage pipe, utilize the dirty double-layer drainage pipeline of novel rain to replace traditional concrete reinforced pipe, and insert the river nearby.At place, pipe end riverbank, build artificial swamp or saprobia film treatment facility, enter in the river after further purifying waste water.
Simultaneously, the residential community in this city area, cities and towns is primarily aimed at the urban runoff that is brought by rainfall and pollutes.Adopt economical, collect and transport technical measures and replace centralized large-scale regulation and control and processing structures based on the short rainwater that oozes in source.Concrete measure comprises: the afforested areas in the residential community is provided with the rainwater garden; Can converge and absorb rainwater from roof or ground; Comprehensive function through plant, sandy soil is purified rainwater, and makes it to infiltrate gradually soil, self-restraint underground water; Also making it urban water uses such as supply landscape water, lavatory water, is control of the continuable rain flood of a kind of ecology and rainwater utilization facility; On the other hand; The other cobble ditch that adopts is to replace traditional inlet for stom water and storm sewer in the pavement; Because cobble intensity is big, free from admixture and smooth, slit powerful between cobble and the cobble can help to filter rain and impurity, and self can not be polluted; Passing that also can be not in time and wearing and tearing, not only attractive in appearance but also durable in use; On the other hand, adopt shallow careless ditch to collect rainwater in non-municipal carriageway both sides; The permeable pavements that adopt in the zones such as square, sidewalk and open-air parking level ground of residential zone to reduce waterproof hardening region, promote rainwater infiltration and dam more; At last, in the process that carry runoff korneforos in the residential community, the bigger local or interchannel of river discharge locate at a certain distance through be provided with regulate the pool regulate and store the peak runoff amount, subdue flood peak, reach the purpose of regulated flow; Before importing the master stream, ecological intercepting ditch and vegetation buffer strip are set on the riverbank, washing away the riverbank when alleviating tributary area rainwater entering main stream of the Yangtze simultaneously with the pollutant in the further removal urban runoff.
Simultaneously; Densely populated commercial area in this city area, cities and towns; Be primarily aimed at sewage and produce the characteristics that point distributes and concentrates; The sewage that building is produced adopts artificial swamp to carry out importing in the drainage pipeline networks after the preliminary treatment by the drainage pipeline networks centralized collection to early-stage rainwater, overflow sewage and low absolute altitude sewage again.In branch drain, be provided with the poisonous gas monitor and control facility, the toxic gas in the pipeline is monitored, prevent the generation of pipe explosion accident; Structural security monitoring is set in main drain, carries out the urban discharging pipeline landslide early warning of mountain region, reservoir area of Three Gorges, ensure the safe operation of drainage pipeline networks.After the sewage that densely populated commercial area produces finally is delivered to the municipal sewage plant and focuses on again in the draining river.
Simultaneously; Industrial park in this city area, cities and towns; At first industrial enterprise's internal needle to sewage characteristic use factory separately in preconditioning technique handle industrial waste water; After reaching sewage and entering cities and towns sewer water quality standard, be delivered in the Wastewater Treatment Plant of industrial park the sanitary sewage that in the Wastewater Treatment Plant of industrial park, produces in associated treatment industrial waste water and the industrial park again through drainage pipe.
Through software simulation, cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges water pollution Comprehensive Control pattern and method are after implement townlet, residential block, densely populated commercial area and the industrial park in certain cities and towns, and this contaminated zone, cities and towns area has reduced 35.6%.

Claims (2)

1. cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges water pollutes integrated control method, it is characterized in that: said control method is divided into city area water pollution control and townlet's zone water pollution control; The water pollution control of said city area is not only according to reservoir area of Three Gorges pollutant characteristics but also be divided into residential community, densely populated commercial area and industrial park water pollution control;
The residential community water pollution control of said city area is that the urban runoff that adopts rainwater garden, cobble ditch, permeable pavement, the adjusting pool, shallow careless ditch, these a series of ecological measures of ecological intercepting ditch to control to be brought by rainfall pollutes; Specifically be square, sidewalk, zone, open-air parking level ground employing permeable pavement,, promote rainwater infiltration to reduce waterproof hardening region in the residential community; Adopt shallow careless ditch in non-municipal carriageway both sides, the other cobble ditch that adopts replaces traditional inlet for stom water and storm sewer in the pavement, and at afforested areas the rainwater garden is set and plays the effect of oozing, purify runoff under promoting; In the process that runoff is carried in city inland river, through be provided with regulate the pool regulate and store the peak runoff amount, subdue flood peak, reach the purpose of regulated flow; Before importing the river, master stream, ecological intercepting ditch and vegetation buffer strip are set on the riverbank with the pollutant in the further removal urban runoff;
The densely populated commercial area water pollution control of said city area is the sewage that produces to be collected by drainage pipeline networks conflux, and adopts artificial swamp to carry out getting into drainage pipeline networks again after the preliminary treatment to the low absolute altitude sewage in early-stage rainwater, overflow sewage and city, mountain region; Terminal at drainage pipeline networks, sewage enters the river after finally focusing on via the municipal sewage plant;
The industrial park water pollution control of said city area is that the industrial wastewater that industrial enterprise produces is at first utilized preconditioning technique processing back entering up to standard drainage pipe in the enterprise; Concentrate again and be delivered to industrial park Wastewater Treatment Plant, the sanitary sewage in industrial park Wastewater Treatment Plant associated treatment industrial wastewater and the industrial park;
Decentralized type sewage Collecting and dealing pattern is adopted in the water pollution control in said townlet zone; After sewage at first adopts membrane biologic reaction equipment or septic tank dispersion treatment, collect, after pipe end utilizes saprobia membrane technology or artificial swamp technology to purify, enter in the water body through drainage pipe; Described drainage pipe can adopt the dirty double-layer drainage pipeline of rain.
2. cities and towns, reservoir area of Three Gorges according to claim 1 water pollutes integrated control method; It is characterized in that: in densely populated sowntown water pollution control the city area; In branch drain, arrange the monitoring of sewage conduct toxic gas; Arrangement property security monitoring in the main drain ensures the drainage pipeline networks safe operation.
CN2012100950062A 2012-03-31 2012-03-31 Comprehensive control method for town water pollution in three gorges reservoir area CN102619272A (en)

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Cited By (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918373A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-07-16 西南大学 Multi-intercepting and treating system for agricultural non-point source pollution in three gorges reservoir area small watershed
CN104843933A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-08-19 邓立新 Distributed type sewage treatment system
CN107662998A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-06 天津市瑞德赛恩水业有限公司 A kind of water circulation huge system for the zero-emission that become based on industrial park
CN108643319A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-10-12 韩少鹏 sponge municipal drainage system
CN108867809A (en) * 2018-08-04 2018-11-23 韩少鹏 Sponge Municipal rain processing system
CN108915062A (en) * 2018-07-21 2018-11-30 韩少鹏 Sponge Municipal rainwater treatment circuit design method

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918373A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-07-16 西南大学 Multi-intercepting and treating system for agricultural non-point source pollution in three gorges reservoir area small watershed
CN104843933A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-08-19 邓立新 Distributed type sewage treatment system
CN107662998A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-06 天津市瑞德赛恩水业有限公司 A kind of water circulation huge system for the zero-emission that become based on industrial park
CN108643319A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-10-12 韩少鹏 sponge municipal drainage system
CN108915062A (en) * 2018-07-21 2018-11-30 韩少鹏 Sponge Municipal rainwater treatment circuit design method
CN108915062B (en) * 2018-07-21 2020-08-11 山东东鲁建筑设计研究院有限公司 Sponge city municipal rainwater treatment pipeline design method
CN108867809A (en) * 2018-08-04 2018-11-23 韩少鹏 Sponge Municipal rain processing system
CN108867809B (en) * 2018-08-04 2020-06-16 广东九万里建设集团有限公司 Sponge city municipal rainwater processing system

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