CN102616066A - Method for assembling modelling assembly with decorative layer on surface - Google Patents

Method for assembling modelling assembly with decorative layer on surface Download PDF

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CN102616066A
CN102616066A CN 201210100643 CN201210100643A CN102616066A CN 102616066 A CN102616066 A CN 102616066A CN 201210100643 CN201210100643 CN 201210100643 CN 201210100643 A CN201210100643 A CN 201210100643A CN 102616066 A CN102616066 A CN 102616066A
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molding
shape
mold
surface
assembly
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CN 201210100643
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CN102616066B (en )
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董建
董齐光
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董建
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for assembling a modelling assembly with a decorative layer on the surface. The method comprises the following steps of: preparing tools and materials for manufacturing; and assembling an assembly, comprising the steps of imbedding decorative sheets into the surface of a modelling body, separating a modelling mould from the modelling assembly, and adding auxiliary modelling accessories in parts where the structure and appearance of the modelling assembly need to be compensated and improved. The method provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that surface decorative sheets of the modelling body are combined with the traditional sand sculpture, snow sculpture and mud sculpture, so that artistic effects of the traditional sand sculpture, snow sculpture and mud sculpture made of coarser modelling materials and having single colour can take on an altogether new aspect, thus coarse effect is converted into delicate effect; the method provided by the invention is simple to operate and easy to popularize and can be applied to children art handmade education teaching activities with lots of fun, teaching quality is improved, and the method can be implement as a daily entertainment activity; meanwhile, the method can be a novel tourist recreation project with wide market, and new colour is provided for culture and entertainment life of people.

Description

表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法 A combination of a surface layer with a decorative molding assembly of

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法,适用于沙雕塑、雪雕塑、泥雕塑表面用美术装饰片材层组成造型组合体的组合方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for modeling the surface composition of the decorative layer assembly for sculpture sand, snow sculptures, sculpture clay surface of the decorative sheet layer art methods styling compositions combination composition.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 沙雕塑既是一个艺术品种,又是海边旅游的娱乐项目之一,但至今仍存在两个缺陷:一是沙雕塑都缺乏丰富色彩表现和对细节的充分塑造。 [0002] sand sculpture is both an artistic variety, is one of the seaside tourist entertainment, but still there are two shortcomings: First, the lack of sand sculpture rich color performance and full shape to detail. 由于沙雕塑使用的材料都是表面粗糙、色彩单一的天然的材料,并且这类天然材料大多是带有一定的松散难固型的缺陷, 这就使得沙雕塑的造型体缺乏丰富色彩表现和对细节的充分塑造,同时沙雕塑不能像泥塑那样固型后可以在表面用色彩描绘来增加色彩表现和细节塑造。 Since the materials used are sand sculpture surface roughness, color single natural materials, and such natural materials are mostly loose with a certain type of defect hard solid, which makes the body shape of sand sculpture of rich color performance and lack of details of the full shape, while the sand-curing not as sculpture clay as color, which may be used to increase the surface expression of color and shape details. 因而降低了它的表现力,使得人们难以对沙雕塑产生特别大的兴趣,因此这一项目也没有得到充分的发掘。 Thus reducing its expressiveness, making it difficult to produce a particularly large interest in sand sculpture, so this project has not been fully explored. 二是没有一个好的方法使所有的人都能成为参与者。 The second is not a good way so that all people can become a participant. 因为制作沙雕塑的人需要有一定的造型能力,所以使参与的人群范围受到限制,使很多人只能是沙雕塑的观赏者而不能成为参与者,造成这个艺术品种和旅游的娱乐项目没能得到广泛的推广和普及,当然也就没有真正开发出这一文化产品应有的商业价值。 Because the production of sand sculpture of people need to have some ability to shape, so the range of people involved is limited, so a lot of people can only be a sand sculpture of the viewer and not a participant, resulting in the variety of art and entertainment could not travel widely popularize, of course, there is no real development of the cultural products should have commercial value.

[0003] 雪雕塑的缺陷与沙雕塑基本相同。 [0003] defects snow sculpture sand sculpture with basically the same.

[0004] 泥雕塑现有的缺陷:是难以在造型体表面表现丰富和细致的色彩效果。 [0004] mud sculpture existing flaw: it is difficult to rich and detailed in the shape of the body surface exhibits color effects. 以往泥材料造型体在表现表面颜色效果上有两种方式:一是用泥材料本身颜色作为造型体表面的外观颜色。 Shaped body with a conventional mud materials on the surface of the effect of representing color in two ways: First, by using a color material itself as mud exterior color of the surface shape. 这里又分为泥材料中不加颜料的单色泥和加颜料的多种颜色的彩色泥两种。 Here is divided into color mud mud of two or more colors without pigment material monochrome mud and processing of the pigment. 不加颜料的泥有:用黄土做的黄色的泥、用高丽粉或纤维做的白色的泥等等。 The mud without pigments: yellow loess mud do, Korea with powder or fibers made of white clay and the like. 加颜料的多种颜色的彩色泥有:在面泥里加颜料的彩色面泥、在树脂和纤维做的泥里加颜料的彩色创意泥等等,不论是单色泥还是多种颜色的彩泥都难以表现被塑造形象的丰富和细致的色彩效果。 Pigmented color multi-colored mud are: pigmented color face in the mud surface mud, resin and fibers made of mud pigmented color creative mud, etc., either monochrome or multi-colored mud mud color are performance is difficult to shape the image of a rich and detailed color effects. 单色泥有这种缺陷不必说了,加颜料的彩色泥也并没真正解决表现被塑造形象的丰富和细致的色彩效问题,其根本问题在于泥材料自身在表现色彩方面的局限性。 Monochrome mud have this defect Needless to say, the pigmented color mud also did not really solve the rich and detailed color performance efficiency issues are shaping the image, the fundamental problem is that the material itself mud performance limitations in terms of color. 例如:市场上提供的各种材料的彩色泥,都是以几种主要色相为主,一般一套彩泥里最多包括10〜20种颜色。 For example: the market offers a variety of colored clay materials, are based in several major hue, a color mud generally include up to 10-20 colors. 但现实中形象的颜色是千变万化,如3原色和3间色,这6种颜色每种含10%的黑就又变化出6种颜色,如果含20%的黑、30%的黑、……,又会变化出多种灰度不同的原色和间色,如所含的是不同程度色相又会有很多变化,因此,万物丰富的颜色仅用有限的彩泥颜色很难充分表现。 But the reality is ever-changing colors in the image, such as the three primary colors and three colors, six colors each with 10% of black and variations on six kinds of colors, if containing 20% ​​black, 30% black, ...... , will change a variety of different primary colors and secondary colors of gray, such as that contained varying degrees of hue and there will be many changes, therefore, all things rich colors only limited color clay color is difficult to fully demonstrated. 虽然可以用彩泥与彩泥相调配来得到某种需要的彩泥颜色,但用彩泥调配颜色绝非像颜料之间相调配那样方便,不但难以控制相互的比例,且需要用较多时间反复揉捏均匀,不仅如此,仿木纹、砖缝效果及衣物上的丰富图案等许多色彩效果仍难表现。 Although mud color and the color may be formulated with clay to obtain desired color mud some color, but by no means the color with the color of mud formulations as easy as phase between the pigment formulations, it is difficult to control not only the ratio of one another, and need more time uniformly kneading repeatedly, many color effects Moreover, imitation wood, brickwork pattern or the like and rich effect on the performance of the laundry is still hard.

[0005] 二是手绘彩色泥塑在表现造型体的表面效果上仍存不足,并且还带有制作复杂耗时难以普及的问题。 [0005] Second, hand colored clay on the surface of the effect is still insufficient performance of the shaped body, and also with the production of complex time-consuming difficult to spread the problem. 手绘彩泥除一些特别细腻的或质感强的难以表现外,如细腻浮雕效果的建筑表面、质感强的玻璃、金属等,手绘彩色泥塑主要问题是手工绘画占用的制作时间太多,并且绘制者要掌握许多的色彩知识和绘画技能,所以普及的难度大。 Hand-painted color mud except for some special delicate or difficult to feel strong performance outside, such as construction delicate surface relief effect, strong textured glass, metal, hand colored clay main problem is too many hand-made painting takes time, and carvers many colors to master knowledge and skill in drawing, so the difficulty of large popularity. 人们常见的多是专业人员绘制的彩色泥塑商品,而很少有以手绘彩色泥塑为项目的商业类以及教育类活动。 The common people are mostly professionals drawn colored clay commodity, and there is little to hand colored clay for the project business class and educational activities. 在学校教育教学活动中,特别是在幼儿园里,尽管手工泥造型表面需要美化,但老师开展儿童手工泥塑课程和游戏活动的教学,其初衷是让儿童初步学习观察立体的事物和表现立体的形象,不可能用大量时间去装饰描画表面,这就使得儿童做出的泥作品或泥玩具看上去粗燥不美观,影响学习兴趣和教学效果。 In school education and teaching activities, particularly in kindergarten, although hand-mud molding surface needs landscaping, but the teachers carry out teaching children handmade clay courses and games, the intention is to allow children initially learn to observe three-dimensional things and the performance of three-dimensional image , it is impossible to draw a lot of time to decorate the surface, which makes children's works made of mud or clay toy looks pretty rough dry, affect interest in learning and teaching effectiveness.

发明内容[0006] 针对现有技术存在的不足,本发明的目的是提供一种表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法,这种方法是使用一定的造型工具、成型材料,通过一定的操作步骤,将成型材料与造型体表面的装饰片材全然组合为一体,改变和提高沙雕塑、雪雕塑、泥雕塑表面的表现效果,丰富人们文化艺术生活,本方法简单易行,老少皆宜,能开拓繁荣文化艺术市场。 SUMMARY [0006] The invention is directed to the shortcomings of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a method for modeling surface composition of the decorative layer assembly, which method is using a predetermined molding tool, the molding material, by certain operating step, the decorative sheet molding material and surface modeling completely combined into one, change and improve the performance effects of sand sculptures, snow sculpture, clay sculpture surface, enrich people's cultural and artistic life, this method is simple, all ages, can open up the prosperity of cultural art market.

[0007] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用的技术方案是提供一种表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法,该方法包括有以下步骤: [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the technical solution is to provide a method of modeling a surface composition of the decorative layer assembly, the method comprising the steps of:

[0008] 第一步、准备制作的工具和材料 [0008] The first step in preparation for the production of tools and materials

[0009] (I)制作的工具包括: [0009] (I) Production of tools comprising:

[0010] 收取材料用的铲子、桶、盆;制作造型体的造型模具,所述造型模具包括有:制作独体造型的独体模具、制作多体结构造型的成套模具、可拆装的模具; Shovels [0010] The charge materials, buckets, pots; molding mold making shaped body, said molding mold comprising: making a single independent body shape of the mold, making the shape of the die set structure more removable mold ;

[0011] (2)制作的材料包括: [0011] (2) Production of a material comprising:

[0012] ①制作造型体用的成型材料 [0012] The molding material used in the shaped body made ①

[0013] 所述成型材料包括有沙状材料、泥状材料、冰雪; The [0013] The molding material comprises sand-like materials, pulpy material, snow and ice;

[0014] ②组合在造型体表面装饰片材 [0014] ② composition shaped body surface of the decorative sheet in

[0015] 所述造型体表面装饰片材包括有:单个完整形象形状的、多个配套形象形状的,形式有:平面样式的、加工成立体样式的; [0015] The surface shape of the decorative sheet comprising: a plurality of supporting a single complete image of the shape of the image of the shape of the form: style plane, stereoscopic processing pattern;

[0016] (3)辅助造型的配件 [0016] (3) assisted modeling accessories

[0017] 辅助造型的配件是指:造型体表面装饰片材与成型材料完成造型组合体后,用于这个造型组合体的结构和外观效果做补充完善的物件; [0017] The shape of the auxiliary fitting means: modeling the surface of the decorative sheet and the molding material after completion of molding assembly, the structure and appearance of the molding assembly made complements object;

[0018] 第二步、组合体组合成型的操作 [0018] The second step, molding operation A combination of

[0019] ①放置好造型模具 [0019] ① Position the molding tool

[0020] 首先选好造型操作的地方,在操作的地方摆放造型模具,若是可拆装的造型模具,须先把模具安装好备用; [0020] molding operation where the first selected, placed in a mold where the shape of the operation, if the removable molding mold, the mold must first install the backup;

[0021] ②置入造型体表面的装饰片材 [0021] ② shape into the surface of the decorative sheet

[0022] 将造型体表面装饰片材放入所述造型模具,按照造型体表面装饰片材提供的式样,装饰片材放入造型模具分为两种方法: [0022] The surface of the decorative sheet shaped body is placed in the molding die, according to a surface pattern of a decorative sheet shaped body provided, the decorative sheet into the molding tool is divided into two methods:

[0023] I)把加工成立体式样的造型体表面装饰片材直接放入造型模具之中; [0023] I) the establishment of the processing surface shape pattern of the decorative sheet material directly into a mold in shape;

[0024] 2)平面式样的造型体表面装饰片材,在放入造型模具时,装饰片材上有颜色和图案的一面朝向造型模具的内壁,并将造型体表面装饰片材的形状与造型模具内壁形状完全吻合地放置,接着将造型体表面装饰片材形状需衔接的边沿处进行连接处理,连接后这个造型体表面装饰片材成为与模具内壁形状相同的一个整体造型装饰层; [0024] 2) the surface shape of the plane pattern of the decorative sheet, when molding into the mold, the decorative sheet has a color and pattern shape toward the inner wall side of the mold, the surface of the decorative sheet shaped body and the shape of the molding shape of the inner wall of the mold is placed completely consistent, then processing the connection surface of the decorative sheet shaped body shape for an engagement at the edge, connected to the rear surface of the decorative sheet shaped body becomes the same as the inner wall of the mold the shape of the overall shape of a decorative layer;

[0025] ③造型组合体的成型制作 [0025] The molding assembly of the molding produced ③

[0026] 将成型材料放入上述造型模具中,进行造型组合体的成型制作,组合体的成型制作方法分别有: [0026] The molding material into said molding mold, and molded to the shape of the assembly, the assembly forming manufacturing method, respectively:

[0027] I)制作实体的表面有装饰层的造型组合体的方法[0028] 将成型材料填满已放置了造型体表面装饰片材的造型模具中,使这个造型模具中的成型体制成为实体状的造型组合体; [0027] I) Production of solid surface shape of the decorative layer assembly method [0028] The molding material fills the molding tool have been placed decorative sheet shaped body surface, the shape of the molding die system becomes an entity shaped molding assembly;

[0029] 2)制作空腔体的表面有装饰层的造型组合体的方法 [0029] 2) Preparation of the surface shape of the hollow body assembly method of the decorative layer

[0030] 当所述成型材料放入已放置了造型体表面装饰片材的造型模具时,只在靠近这个造型模具内壁之处放置成型材料,保持模具内空腔状态,使这个造型模具中的成型体制成为空腔状的造型组合体; [0030] When the molding material into the molding tool have been placed in the decorative sheet when the surface of the shaped body, placed only near the inner wall of the molding die of the molding material, the state of the mold cavity to maintain the shape of the mold cavity molding system be shaped molding assembly;

[0031] ④造型模具与造型组合体脱离 [0031] ④ molding die and the molding assembly from

[0032] 将造型模具与模具内造型体表面装饰片材和成型体组成的造型组合体脱离,由于造型模具内壁与装饰片材层表面没有任何粘接性,所以造型模具能顺利地脱模,脱模的操作方法: [0032] surface of the molding compositions and molded decorative sheet shaped body molding mold and the inner mold from the composition, since the surface shape of the mold inner wall of a decorative sheet layer without any adhesive, it can be smoothly demolded molding mold, demolding operations:

[0033] I)如果是从造型模具底部开口处放入成型材料的,脱模时,需先将模具连同模具内的造型组合体一起将底部朝向调至向下,然后再行脱模; [0033] I) if it is placed in the molding material from the molding die bottom opening, during ejection, the mold together with the need to first shape the mold assembly with adjusted downwardly toward the bottom, then the line release;

[0034] 2)如果是拆装结构的造型模具脱模时,先将需拆的部分拆下来,再行脱模; [0034] 2) If the shape of the mold is detachable release configuration, the first portion to be demolished removed, re-release;

[0035] ⑤用辅助造型的配件完善造型组合体 [0035] ⑤ perfect combination of style auxiliary styling accessories

[0036] 在造型组合体的结构和外观需要补充完善处,添加辅助造型的配件。 [0036] In the combination of the structure and appearance of the need to supplement and improve, the addition of an auxiliary styling accessories.

[0037] 本发明的有益效果是: [0037] Advantageous effects of the present invention are:

[0038] 第一、利用当代计算机平面设计技术与印刷技术制作造型体的表面装饰片材,与传统的沙雕塑、雪雕塑、泥雕塑相结合,创造了一种新颖的艺术样式。 [0038] First, the surface of the decorative sheet by using contemporary technology and computer graphic design printing technology to produce the shaped body, combined with traditional sculpture sand, snow sculptures, clay sculpture, creating a novel artistic style.

[0039] 按照造型形象的艺术效果的需要,通过使用计算机平面设计技术和先进的印刷技术,制造出表面具有丰富色彩和完美细节的造型体表面的装饰片材,并按照本发明的操作步骤将这种表面装饰片材与造型体组合为造型组合体,使原本材料比较粗糙、色彩单一的沙雕塑、雪雕塑、泥雕塑这些艺术品种的艺术效果焕然一新,从而达到化粗糙为精彩,化一般为神奇的效果。 [0039] as desired artistic effect modeling image, having a decorative sheet shaped body surface rich colors and perfect detail by using a computer graphic design technology and advanced printing technology to create the surface, and according to the procedure of the present invention will this surface of the decorative sheet in combination with a shaped body in the shape of a combination of the original rough materials, sculpture single color sand, snow sculptures, these artistic sculpture clay varieties new look artistic effect, to achieve as great coarseness, generally of magical effect. 增加趣味性和提高表现力,赢得更多的人喜爱。 Increase the fun and improve performance, gain more cute.

[0040] 第二、利用本发明的方法能够制造出新颖的产品。 [0040] Second, using the method of the present invention is capable of producing a new product.

[0041] 利用本发明的方法能够制造出新型的手工玩具、美工教学用具;制造出新型的手工艺用品、美术装饰用品。 [0041] With the method of the present invention can be produced new hand toys, art teaching aids; create new craft supplies, decorative items art. 丰富文教用品市场和艺术品市场。 Rich cultural and educational supplies market and the art market.

[0042] 第三、使用本方法能够在多个领域开展造型艺术活动。 [0042] Third, the present method can be used to carry out activities in the fields of plastic arts.

[0043] I、将本发明运用到儿童美术手工的教学活动中,能收到很好的效果。 [0043] I, the present invention is applied to teaching children's art in hand, to receive good results.

[0044] 在儿童美术手工的教学活动中,特别是幼儿园美工泥的教学活动中,孩子们通过这个容易掌握的造型方法能够制作出各种美观好看的造型物体,这就大大激发他们对塑造立体造型的兴趣,从而达到培养儿童立体思维的教学目的。 [0044] In teaching children's art manual, especially the kindergarten art mud teaching activities, the children through this modeling method is easy to master can produce a variety of beautiful and nice shape of the object, which greatly inspire them to create three-dimensional the shape of interest, so as to achieve the purpose of teaching children cultivate three-dimensional thinking. 例如:小房子的组合体制成存钱罐、空腔的圆柱型的组合体制成美丽的笔筒、实体的扁圆型的组合体中间插上一个牙签就制成了好玩的彩色陀螺等等,在制作好看好玩的造型组合体的过程中启迪了孩子们的智慧,实现寓教于乐。 For example: a combination of a small house made into piggy bank, a combination system of a cylindrical cavity into a beautiful pen, a combination of round and flat intermediate entity plug made of a toothpick fun color like a gyro, in making pretty fun style combination of process inspired the children's wisdom, realized entertaining.

[0045] 2、利用本发明能够开发日常的娱乐消费项目。 [0045] 2, with the present invention to develop entertainment daily consumer items.

[0046]由于本方法操作简单、方便、易掌握、易普及,使人们很容易地参与其中,从而使少数专业人员的艺术活动发展为普通大众参与的一项新的文化娱乐消费项目。 [0046] Since the method is simple, convenient, easy to learn, easy to spread, so it's easy to participate, so that the artistic activities of a small number of professionals for the development of a new culture and entertainment consumer items general public participation. 在人们日常生活的地方,开设这种塑型娱乐的活动场所,并提供活动中所需使用的工具和材料,使普通大众亲身体验和享受造型艺术的审美与快乐,丰富人们的文化生活,实现市场价值。 In place of daily life, the creation of such a plastic entertainment venues, and provide tools and materials used in the activities required to make the general public to experience the pleasure and enjoyment of aesthetic plastic arts and enrich people's cultural life, achieve Market value.

[0047] 3、利用本发明能够开发出具有广阔市场的新型的旅游娱乐项目。 [0047] 3, with the present invention to develop a new type of tourism and entertainment project has broad market.

[0048] 操作便捷、趣味性强、大众参与度高、材料选取方便是本发明具有的特点,这些特点使本发明很适合用于旅游娱乐消费活动。 [0048] The operation is convenient, interesting, high public participation, the present invention is easy to select materials having the characteristics of these features of the present invention is well suited for travel and entertainment consumption activities. 可以在海边美丽的沙滩上,为游玩的人们提供这种新颖的沙雕娱乐活动;在白雪皑皑的旅游地,人们可以体验这种新型雪雕塑带来的乐趣。 You can be on the beach beautiful sandy beaches of this novel sand sculpture recreational activities for people to play; in snowy tourism, people can experience the fun of this new snow sculpture brings. 本发明为传统的沙雕塑、雪雕塑、泥雕塑穿上了美丽的外衣,使它们面目一新,色彩纷呈,能为旅游文化活动增添靓丽的一景。 The present invention is put on the traditional sand sculpture, snow sculpture, clay sculpture beautiful coat, making them brand-new look, colorful, can add a beautiful scenery for tourism and cultural activities. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0049] 图I是本发明将表面装饰片材放入造型模具; [0049] FIG. I of the present invention is the surface of the decorative sheet into the molding die;

[0050] 图2是本发明加工成立体式样的表面装饰片材; [0050] FIG. 2 is a process of the present invention, the surface of the decorative sheet body established pattern;

[0051] 图3是本发明装饰片材放入模具时,将它的边沿部分用泥粘和连接; [0051] FIG. 3 is a decorative sheet of the present invention when placed in a mold, the edge portion of it and mud stick is connected;

[0052] 图4是本发明把泥贴放到模具内的装饰片材上,保持模具内空腔状态,使成型体制成为空腔状的造型组合体; [0052] FIG. 4 is a clay paste of the present invention is placed on the decorative sheet in the mold cavity to maintain the state of the mold, the molding cavity shape molding system become assembly;

[0053] 图5是本发明将成型材料沙子填满,使模具中的成型体制成实体状态; [0053] FIG. 5 is a molding material of the present invention, the sand filled in the molding die system into a solid state;

[0054] 图6是本发明剖面图,显示出造型模具、模具内装饰片材层、空腔的成型体三者的关系; [0054] FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the present invention, shows that the relationship between the three molded shape mold cavity within the mold the decorative sheet layer;

[0055] 图7是本发明造型模具与造型组合体脱离; [0055] FIG. 7 is a molding die and molding compositions of the present invention departing;

[0056] 图8是本发明制成的表面有装饰片材层的小房子造型组合体; [0056] FIG. 8 is a surface made of the present invention has a small house decorated sheet molding composition material layer;

[0057]图9是本发明多体配套的有拆装结构的炮艇艇体的模具; [0057] FIG. 9 is a multiple of the invention has detachable supporting structure gunboat hull mold;

[0058]图10是本发明多体配套的有拆装结构的炮塔的模具; [0058] FIG. 10 is a multiple of the invention has a supporting structure removable turret mold;

[0059]图11是本发明炮艇多个配套装饰片材中炮塔的装饰片材; [0059] FIG. 11 is a plurality of gunboats decorative sheet of the present invention supporting the turret in the decorative sheet;

[0060] 图12是本发明炮艇多个配套装饰片材中艇体的装饰片材; [0060] FIG. 12 is a plurality of the decorative sheet of the present invention gunboat matching decorative sheet of the hull;

[0061]图13是本发明炮艇多个配套装饰片材中的甲板的装饰片材; [0061] FIG. 13 is a plurality of the decorative sheet of the present invention gunboat decorative sheet supporting the deck;

[0062] 图14是本发明炮艇的辅助造型配件部; [0062] FIG 14 is an auxiliary molding gunboat fitting portion of the present invention;

[0063] 图15是本发明将炮艇艇体模具上的拆装结构部分安装示意图; [0063] FIG. 15 is a structure of the present invention the removable portion of the mold mounting a schematic gunboat hull;

[0064]图16是本发明将炮艇艇体的装饰片材放入炮艇艇体的造型模具; [0064] FIG. 16 is a decorative sheet of the present invention will be placed gunboat gunboat hull hull shape mold;

[0065] 图17是本发明用胶带将装饰片材形状需衔接的边沿部分进行粘和连接; [0065] FIG. 17 is a tape of the present invention, the shape of the decorative sheet is required to link the adhesive edge and the connecting part;

[0066]图18是本发明将成型材料沙子填满已放好装饰片材的炮艇艇体造型模具示意图; [0066] FIG. 18 is a molding material of the present invention has a schematic view of the sand filled put decorative sheet gunboat hull mold shape;

[0067] 图19是本发明沙子填满艇体造型模具时,需使沙材料表面平整并与造型模具上边沿齐平,以便铺放甲板的装饰片材; [0067] FIG. 19 is to fill the hull of the present invention when the molding sand molds, the sand material required to make the surface smooth and flush with the edge of the molding die, so that the decorative sheet laid deck;

[0068] 图20是本发明铺放好炮艇甲板的装饰片材层示意图; [0068] FIG. 20 is a schematic diagram of the present invention the decorative sheet layer laid good gunboat deck;

[0069]图21是本发明炮塔的装饰片材放入炮塔的造型模具示意图; [0069] FIG. 21 is a schematic view of the decorative sheet of the present invention into the turret turret molding mold;

[0070] 图22是本发明用胶带将装饰片材需衔接的边沿进行粘和连接示意图; [0070] FIG. 22 is a schematic view of the connection and the adhesive tape of the present invention will be required to link the decorative sheet for edge;

[0071]图23是本发明将沙子填满已放好装饰片材的炮塔模具中时,将炮塔装饰片材前面的小孔用一张小薄纸从里面遮盖示意图; [0071] FIG. 23 is full with the present invention the sand has been put to the decorative sheet mold turret, the turret front decorative sheet with a small aperture cover a schematic view from the inside tissue;

[0072] 图24是本发明将炮塔模具拆装结构部分安装好示意图;[0073] 图25是本发明将炮塔的模具及其中的造型组合体摆放到甲板上标注的位置上; [0072] FIG. 24 is a schematic view of the turret of the present invention will be better mold removably mounted moiety; [0073] FIG. 25 is the present invention to mold and shape the turret assembly is placed into a position marked on the deck;

[0074] 图26是本发明分别将艇体、炮塔模具上的拆装部分拆卸下来示意图; [0074] FIG. 26 is a removable portion, respectively, of the present invention on the hull, the turret schematic disassembled mold;

[0075] 图27是本发明分别将模具与造型组合体脱离开示意图; [0075] FIG. 27 is a schematic view of the present invention, respectively, apart from the mold with the molding assembly;

[0076] 图28是本发明分别将辅助造型的配件放好,完善炮艇的造型组合体。 [0076] FIG. 28 is the present invention, respectively, the shape of the auxiliary parts put, improve molding assembly gunboat.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0077] 结合附图对本发明的表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法加以说明。 [0077] The method will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings molding composition has the combination of a surface decorative layer according to the present invention.

[0078] 本发明的一种表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法,该方法包括有以下步骤: [0078] The method of molding compositions A combination of a surface decorative layer according to the present invention, the method comprising the steps of:

[0079] 第一步、准备制作的工具和材料 [0079] The first step in preparation for the production of tools and materials

[0080] (I)制作的工具包括: [0080] (I) Production of tools comprising:

[0081] 收取材料用的铲子、桶、盆;制作造型体的造型模具,所述造型模具包括有制作独体造型的独体模具、制作多体构成造型的插拔造型模具; Shovels [0081] The charge materials, barrels, tubs; shaped body molding mold making, production of the molding mold comprises only a single body shape of the mold, making molding mold plug shape constituting a plurality thereof;

[0082] (2)制作的材料包括: [0082] (2) Production of a material comprising:

[0083] ①制作造型体用的成型材料 [0083] The molding material used in the shaped body made ①

[0084] 成型材料包括有沙状材料、泥状材料、冰雪;所述沙状材料包括有天然沙材料,人工制成的细小颗粒状材料;所述泥状材料包括有天然土、粉为材料制成的泥,如黄泥,有粮食为材料制成的泥,如面泥,有化工原料制成的泥,如用纤维和树脂制成的手工泥。 [0084] The molding material comprises sand-like materials, pulpy material, snow and ice; the sand-like material comprising natural sand material, fine particulate material made of artificial; said sludge comprises a natural soil material, a material powder made from mud, such as Wong, mud as food material, such as a surface mud, mud made of chemical raw materials, such as hand mud of fibers and resin.

[0085] ②组合在造型体表面的装饰片材 [0085] ② combination of a decorative sheet in the shape of the surface

[0086] 这种造型体表面的装饰片材表现为:a、造型体表面的装饰片材的形状能与造型模具内壁形状相吻合山、造型体表面的装饰片材的表面上有颜色和图案或无颜色和图案;c、造型体表面的装饰片材的材型是片状的,包括有:将装饰材料表面制成有形状变化,例如:加工成凹凸状、镂空状、压制各种印迹等。 [0086] decorative sheet exhibits surface shape such as: a, the shape of the decorative sheet shaped body can match the surface shape of the mold inner wall and the hill shape, color and pattern on the surface of the decorative sheet shaped body surface or no color and pattern; C, the sheet-type decorative sheet surface is a sheet-like shape, comprising: the shape change formed with a decorative surface, for example: processed into a convex shape, hollow shape, repression of blotting Wait.

[0087] 所述装饰片材结构形式包括有单个完整形象形状的、有多个配套形象形状的、有平面式样的、有加工成立体式样的。 [0087] The decorative sheet comprises a sheet structure in the form of a single complete image of the shape of a plurality of image matching shape, a flat pattern, there are processing stereoscopic pattern.

[0088] 造型体表面的装饰片材的材质是多种类的,包括有纸质、木质、塑料、树脂、皮革、纤维纺织品、胶制品、不干胶制品制成的。 [0088] The decorative sheet material of the surface shape of the multi-type, made including paper, wood, plastic, resin, leather, textile fibers, rubber products, adhesive products.

[0089] (3)辅助造型的配件 [0089] (3) assisted modeling accessories

[0090] 辅助造型的配件是指:造型体表面装饰片材与造型材料完成造型组合体后,用于这个造型组合体的结构和外观效果做补充完善的配件。 [0090] The shape of the auxiliary fitting means: modeling the surface of the decorative sheet material with the molding assembly after completion of molding, the structure and appearance of the molding assembly made complements accessories.

[0091] 第二步、组合体组合成型的操作 [0091] The second step, molding operation A combination of

[0092] ①放置好造型模具 [0092] ① Position the molding tool

[0093] 首先要选好造型操作的地方,特别是体积较大的沙雕塑和雪雕塑成型后难以挪动。 [0093] The first modeling operation to choose the right place, especially after a large volume of sand and snow sculptures Sculpture move molding difficult. 在操作的地方摆放造型模具,若是拆装结构的造型模具,须先把模具安装好备用。 Molding operation where the mold placed, removably if the shape of the mold structure, the mold must first install the spare.

[0094] ②置入造型体表面的装饰片材 [0094] ② shape into the surface of the decorative sheet

[0095] 将造型体表面装饰片材放入所述造型模具,按造型体表面装饰片材提供的式样,装饰片材放入造型模具分为两种方法: [0095] The surface of the decorative sheet shaped body is placed in the mold shape, pattern, decorative surface of the decorative sheet by sheet into the shape of the shaped body to provide a mold divided into two methods:

[0096] I)把加工成立体式样的造型体表面装饰片材直接放入造型模具之中,如图2。 [0096] I) the processed stereoscopic pattern shaped body surface of the decorative sheet into the shape directly into the mold, as shown in FIG 2.

[0097] 2)平面式样的造型体表面装饰片材,在放入造型模具时,装饰片材上有颜色和图案的一面朝向造型模具的内壁,并将造型体表面装饰片材的形状与造型模具内壁形状完全吻合地放置,接着将造型体表面的装饰片材形状需衔接的边沿处进行连接处理,如使用胶带粘接,粘接时要在装饰片材背面,即装饰片材朝向造型模具内空腔的面进行,连接后这个装饰片材成为与模具内壁形状相同的一个整体造型装饰层。 [0097] 2) the surface shape of the plane pattern of the decorative sheet, when molding into the mold, the decorative sheet has a color and pattern shape toward the inner wall side of the mold, the surface of the decorative sheet shaped body and the shape of the molding shape of the inner wall of the mold is placed completely consistent, then connection processing decorative sheet shape molding surface of the edge of the need to link, such as the use of adhesive tape, bonding the decorative sheet to the back surface, i.e., a decorative sheet toward the molding die the inner surface of the cavity for, after the connection of the decorative sheet becomes the same shape as the inner wall of the mold the overall shape of a decorative layer.

[0098] 使用不同造型材料制作造型体,它们表面的装饰片材边沿衔接处的连接方法有所不同,制作沙雕塑组合体、雪雕塑组合体时,可用粘接材料连接,例如胶带;制作泥雕塑组合体时可利用泥材料本身粘接。 [0098] using different molding material of the shaped body, the connection method of the decorative sheet at the edge of the engagement surfaces thereof is different, making assembly sculpture sand, snow sculptures during assembly, the available adhesive connection, for example, tape; Production mud can be used when the adhesive material itself sculpture clay combination.

[0099] 造型体表面的装饰片材朝向造型模具内壁的一面不要与模具内壁粘连,因为造型完成后造型模具要与造型体表面的装饰片材形成的造型装饰层分离开。 [0099] surface of the decorative sheet shape molding die toward the inner wall side not blocking the inner wall of the mold, since the shape of the decorative layer after the completion of molding with the molding die be formed of the decorative sheet is separated from the surface of the molding.

[0100] ③造型组合体的成型制作 [0100] ③ molded to the shape of the assembly

[0101] 将成型材料放入上述造型模具中,进行造型组合体的成型制作,组合体的成型制作方法分别有: [0101] The molding material into said molding mold, and molded to the shape of the assembly, the assembly forming manufacturing method, respectively:

[0102] I)制作实体的表面有装饰的造型组合体的方法 [0102] I) Production of the solid surface decorative assembly methods styling

[0103] 将成型材料填满已放置了造型体表面装饰片材的造型模具中,使这个造型模具中的成型体制成为实体状的造型组合体。 [0103] The molding material fills the molding tool have been placed decorative sheet shaped body surface, the molding system, the molding die assembly becomes a shape like entity.

[0104] 2)制作空腔体的表面有装饰的造型组合体的方法 [0104] 2) The method of making a decorative surface of the hollow body shape of the assembly

[0105] 当所述成型材料放入已放置了造型体表面装饰片材的造型模具时,只在靠近这个造型模具内壁之处放置成型材料,保持模具的空腔状态,使这个造型模具中的成型体制成为空腔状的造型组合。 [0105] When the molding material into the molding tool have been placed in the surface of the decorative sheet shaped body, just close to the inner wall of the molding tool is placed in the molding material, the mold cavity to maintain state, so that the shape of the mold cavity molding system become like modeling portfolio. 当使用上述任何一种方法完成将成型材料放入此前已放置了装饰片材的造型模具时,在模具中就实现了装饰片材层与成型材料制成的成型体之间的造型组合。 Upon completion of the above-described method of any one of the molding material into a mold which had been placed a decorative sheet molding, the mold is realized in the shape of a combination between the molded body made of a decorative sheet to the molding material layer. 如图6是模具和模具内造型组合体的剖面图。 FIG 6 is a sectional view of the mold and the inner mold body modeling composition. 如果在下一步的操作中将造型模具与这个造型组合脱离开,就制成了一个外表面有装饰片材层的造型组合体。 If the molding operation in the mold in combination with the next step of this form disengaged, formed on the outer surface of a molding assembly of the decorative sheet layers.

[0106] 在步骤③造型组合体的成型制作中,还有一种成型制作是有或无装饰的造型体表面的片材,是利用这个片材与模具无粘接,便于脱模的特点,在造型体和表面的片材一起与造型模具脱模后,将这个片材与造型体再实施分离而制成造型体,与造型体分离后的这个片材,可与上述造型模具一起反复这样使用。 [0106] In step ③ shape molded to the assembly, there is a molding or sheet produced is unadorned surface shape, using the adhesive sheet and the mold no easy release characteristics in after molding with a mold release, a sheet and the shaped body further embodiment the sheet and the surface shape of the separation sheet made of the shaped body, the shaped body separated, can be repeatedly used as such together with the molding tool .

[0107] 在步骤③造型组合体的成型制作中,成型材料与造型模具之间放置有或无装饰的造型体表面的片材,模具和片材分别与造型体脱离后,而制成成型材料本身外观效果、颜彩的成型体。 [0107] In the production of the molding step ③ the molding assembly, the molding material is placed between the mold and the molding with or without decorative molding surface of the sheet, the mold and the sheet shaped body from the rear, respectively, a molding material made itself appearance, color color molded.

[0108] ④造型模具与造型组合体脱离 [0108] ④ molding die and the molding assembly from

[0109] 将造型模具与模具内造型体表面装饰片材和成型体组成的造型组合体脱离,由于造型模具内壁与装饰片材层表面没有任何粘接性,所以造型模具能顺利的脱模。 [0109] surface of the molding compositions and molded decorative sheet shaped body molding mold and the inner mold from the composition, since the surface shape of the mold inner wall of a decorative sheet layer without any adhesive, so that a smooth molding mold releasing.

[0110] 脱模时需注意: [0110] It should be noted when stripping:

[0111] I)如果是从造型模具底部开口处放入成型材料的,脱模时,需先将模具连同模具内的造型组合体一起将底部朝向调至向下,然后再行脱模。 [0111] I) if it is placed in the molding material from the molding die bottom opening, during ejection, the mold together with the need to first shape the mold assembly with adjusted downwardly toward the bottom, and then releasing the line.

[0112] 如果脱模时,需要将模具底部开口方向调至方向朝下,而模具中的成型材料又是黏合性差、较松散的材料,例如比较干的沙材料,这时就要注意在向下调方向时,要慢动作操作,不要让模具中的成型材料过多流出,而造成对造型的损坏,必要时用板材封盖上再将开口方向调至向下。 [0112] If the release time, need to be adjusted to the bottom die opening direction, downward direction, and the molding material in the mold is poor adhesion, looser material such as sand material is relatively dry, then we should pay attention to when the down direction, to slow motion operation, do not let too much mold molding material flows out, causing damage to the shape, if necessary, and then with the opening direction of the closure plate is adjusted downward.

[0113] 2)如果是拆装结构的造型模具脱模时,先将需拆部分拆下,再行脱模。 [0113] 2) If the shape of the mold is detachable release configuration, the first portion to be demolished is removed, re-release. [0114] 3)如果对多体结构的造型组合体实施模具的脱模,并且模具中的成型材料是黏合性差、较松软的材料,这时需要将各结构的造型体相关的位置摆放好,再实施脱模操作。 [0114] 3) If the mold releasing embodiment of a multi-shape structure of the assembly, and the mold is in the molding material of poor adhesion, relatively soft material, then the structure of each shaped body needs to be associated with well placed position , and then a releasing operation.

[0115] ⑤用辅助造型的配件完善造型组合体[0116] 在造型组合体的结构和外观需要补充完善处,添加辅助造型的配件。 [0115] ⑤ improve molding auxiliary molding assembly parts [0116] In the structure and appearance of the combination needed complements, the addition of an auxiliary fitting shape.

[0117] 结合附图对本发明的一种泥材料制作的空体的小房子造型表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法加以说明 Little house surface shape will be described [0117] in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present invention, for one clay material of the hollow body is produced with a decorative layer of a combination of assembly methods styling

[0118] 本发明的一种泥材料制作的空体的小房子造型表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法实现过程如下: [0118] surface of one kind of a small house modeling clay material of the invention has a hollow body made of a combination of assembly methods styling decorative layer procedures are as follows:

[0119] 第一步、准备制作的工具和材料 [0119] The first step in preparation for the production of tools and materials

[0120] I.制作的工具 [0120] I. Production of tools

[0121] (I)小铲子、盆、塑型手柄。 [0121] (I) a small shovel, pots, plastic handle.

[0122] (2)小房子的造型模具。 [0122] (2) the shape of small house mold.

[0123] 2.制作的材料 [0123] 2. The material produced

[0124] (I)泥,天然的黄土制成的黄泥,用于制作造型体的成型材料。 [0124] (I) mud, made of natural loess Wong, molding material for the shaped body.

[0125] (2)小房子造型体的表面装饰片材。 [0125] (2) surface of the decorative sheet shaped body of a small house. 是一个纸质材料的片状的表面经过彩色印刷的装饰片材,它的形状与小房子造型模具的内壁的形状相吻合,在与模具相应的部位上,装饰片材的表面印有红色砖瓦的屋顶、有细腻木纹的门、窗框、砖墙上有凹状效果的砖缝。 Is a surface of the sheet of paper material through the decorative sheet of color printing, the shape of the inner wall of the small house with its shape coincides with the shape of the mold, in the mold portion corresponding to the surface of the decorative sheet printed with red bricks the roof tile, there have concave Zhuanfeng effect on the delicate wood doors, window frames, brick wall.

[0126] 第二步、组合体组合成型的操作步骤 [0126] Step, A combination of shaping steps

[0127] 操作步骤I.放置好小房子的造型模具 [0127] Procedure I. Position the shape of a small house mold

[0128] 选好操作的地方放好,将小房子的造型模具放好。 [0128] selected local operation away, and the shape of the mold put a small house.

[0129] 操作步骤2.将小房子的装饰片材放入小房子的造型模具内 [0129] Procedure 2. The small house decorative sheet into the shape of a small house mold

[0130] 放入时,要求将装饰片材上印有颜色和图案的一面朝向模具的内壁;装饰片材的形状要与造型模具的内壁的形状完全吻合地放置,如图I。 When placed [0130] on the decorative sheet printed with color and patterned side toward the inner wall of the mold; decorative sheet shape to completely fit the shape of the inner wall is placed in the mold shape, as shown in FIG I.

[0131] 装饰片材放好后,用少量黄泥将装饰片材形状需衔接的边沿部分进行粘和连接,粘接时要在装饰片材背面(装饰片材朝向模具空腔的面)进行,粘接后它成为与造型模具内壁形状相同的一个整体造型装饰层,如图3。 [0131] After the decorative sheet away, with a small amount Wong shape of the decorative sheet for an engagement edge portion is adhered and connected to the back surface of the decorative sheet (decorative sheet toward the surface of the mold cavity) for bonding the after bonding inner walls of the molding tool it becomes the same shape as the overall shape of a decorative layer, as shown in FIG 3.

[0132] 操作步骤3.将成型材料黄泥放入模具,进行空腔体小房子的造型组合体的成型制作 Molded to [0132] Procedure 3. Wong molding material into the mold, a hollow body shape of a small house in combination

[0133] 把成型材料黄泥贴放到造型模具内的装饰片材层朝向空腔的一面上,保持小房子造型模具内的空腔状态,使这个造型模具中的小房子的成型体制成为空腔状的造型组合体。 [0133] The molding material into the decorative sheet Wong paste layer in the shape of the mold cavity toward one side, in the state holding a small house a cavity molding die, so that the molding tool forming the system becomes empty small house shaped molding cavity assembly. 如图4。 4.

[0134] 由于黄泥放入模具之前模具内已放置了小房子表面的装饰片材,所以现在造型模具中就实现了小房子表面的装饰片材与小房子的成型体之间的造型组合。 [0134] Since in a mold before the mold Wong has been placed the surface of the decorative sheet of a small house, so now the molding tool is realized between the molding composition molded decorative sheet surface with a small house small house. 如图6是造型模具与模具内的装饰片材层和黄泥成型体三者结构关系的面剖。 6 is a structural relationship and the face of the molded body Wong three layer decorative sheet within the mold and the mold cross-sectional shape. 图中为了显示装饰片材层是组合在成型体上,特意将装饰片材层的一边掀起来,以便于看到小房子的表面装饰片材层与黄泥成型体之间构成造型组合体的情况。 To display the figure is a combination of the decorative sheet layer on the molded article, specifically the side of the decorative sheet layer to set off, in order to see the surface of the decorative sheet is formed between the small house with the Wong layer molded article molding assembly of Happening.

[0135] 操作步骤4.造型模具与造型组合体脱离 [0135] 4. Procedure molding die and molding assembly from

[0136] 将小房子造型模具与在模具内的装饰片材层和黄泥成型体组成的小房子造型组合体脱离开,如图7。 [0136] The combination of a small house small house shape molding die and the decorative sheet layer and Wong molded in a mold composed disengaged, as shown in FIG 7. 由于造型模具内壁与装饰片材层表面没有任何粘接性,所以模具能顺利脱离。 Since the surface shape of the inner wall of the mold the decorative sheet layer without any adhesive, so that the mold can be smoothly disengaged.

[0137]当这个小房子造型模具与小房子造型组合体脱离后,就完成了泥材料的空腔体的小房子造型体与小房子表面装饰片材层的造型组合体的组合过程。 [0137] When the shape of the mold and the small house small house shape from the assembly, to complete the process in combination with a small house surface of the decorative sheet layers molding assembly of small house mud hollow body shaped body material. 如图8。 8.

[0138] 结合附图及实施例对本发明的一种沙材料制作的实体的炮艇造型有表面装饰片材层的造型组合体的组合方法加以说明 [0138] conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments have a combination of methods styling compositions body surface of the decorative sheet for one sand layer to be produced material of the present invention, the shape of the entities described gunboats

[0139] 如图所示,本发明的一种沙材料制作的实体的炮艇造型有表面装饰片材层的造型组合体的组合方法实现过程如下: [0139] As shown, the material composition of the present invention a method for making sand gunboats modeling entities surface shape of the decorative sheet layers of the assembly process is as follows:

[0140] 第一步、准备制作的工具和材料 [0140] The first step in preparation for the production of tools and materials

[0141] I.制作的工具[0142] (I)小铲子、桶、塑型手柄、胶带。 [0141] I. Production of tools [0142] (I) a small shovel, bucket, plastic handle tape.

[0143] (2)多体配套的炮艇的造型模具,包括一个有拆装结构的炮艇艇体的模具,如图 [0143] (2) a body supporting mold gunboats shape, comprising a detachable hull structure gunboats mold, FIG.

9、一个有拆装结构的炮塔模具,如图10。 9, a mold removing structure of the turret, as shown in FIG 10.

[0144] 2.制作的材料 [0144] 2. The material produced

[0145] (I)沙子,海滩上天然潮湿的沙子,用于制作造型体的成型材料。 [0145] (I) on the sand, beach naturally moist sand for the production of the molding material of the shaped body.

[0146] (2)炮艇的艇体造型体的多个配套的表面装饰片材,如图12、图13,和炮塔造型体的表面装饰片材,如图11。 [0146] plurality of hull shaped body (2) supporting surface gunboat decorative sheet, decorative sheet surface in FIG. 12, FIG. 13, the shaped body and the turret, as shown in FIG 11. 它们都是纸质材料的片状的表面经过彩色印刷的装饰片材,它们的形状与炮艇造型模具的内壁的形状相吻合,在与模具相应的部位上,装饰片材的表面上印有炮塔的金属门窗和艇体的红五星、甲板上的炮位标志。 They are the surface of the sheet of paper material through the decorative sheet of color printing, the shape of the inner wall thereof gunboats shape molding tool coincide on respective parts of the mold, the upper surface of the turret printed decorative sheet metal doors and red star hulls, emplacement mark on the deck.

[0147] (3)辅助造型的配件材料 [0147] (3) the shape of the auxiliary parts and materials

[0148] 如图14是用于炮艇造型组合体的结构和外观效果的配件。 [0148] FIG. 14 is a structural and appearance parts gunboats modeling composition body.

[0149] 第二步、组合体组合成型的操作步骤 [0149] Step, A combination of shaping steps

[0150] 操作步骤I.放置好炮艇的造型模具 [0150] Procedure I. Position the mold shape gunboat

[0151] 选好操作的地方放好造型模具,将炮艇艇体的造型模具放好后,先把模具上的拆装部分安装好。 [0151] where selected operations put the mold shape, the shape of the hull mold gunboats put away, first portion detachably installed on the mold. 如图9、图15。 9, FIG. 15.

[0152] 操作步骤2.将炮艇艇体的装饰片材放入炮艇艇体的造型模具内。 [0152] Procedure 2. The decorative sheet into the gunboat gunboat hull shape of the hull mold.

[0153] 放入时,要求将装饰片材上印有颜色和图案的一面朝向模具的内壁;装饰片材的形状要与模具的内壁的形状完全吻合地放置。 When placed [0153] on the printed color and pattern on the decorative sheet side toward the inner wall of the mold; decorative sheet shape to completely fit the shape of the inner wall is placed in the mold. 如图16。 16.

[0154] 装饰片材放好后,用胶带将装饰片材形状需衔接的边沿进行粘和连接,粘接时要在装饰片材背面(装饰片材朝向模具空腔的面)进行,粘接后它成为与模具内壁形状相同的一个整体造型装饰层。 [0154] After put decorative sheet, the decorative sheet with a tape shape for an adapter for edge glued and connected to the back surface of the decorative sheet (decorative sheet toward the surface of the mold cavity) for bonding the adhesive it becomes the same shape as the inner wall of the mold the overall shape of a decorative layer. 如图17。 17.

[0155] 操作步骤3.将成型材料沙子放入炮艇艇体模具中,进行实体的艇体的造型组合体的成型制作 [0155] Procedure 3. gunboat hull molding material into the sand mold, and molded to the shape of the hull assembly entity

[0156] 将成型材料沙子填满已放置了装饰片材的炮艇艇体造型模具中,使这个模具中的成型体制成为实体状的造型组合体。 [0156] The molding material fills the sand has been placed gunboat hull shape mold the decorative sheet, the system of the molding die assembly in this shape becomes an entity like. 如图18。 18.

[0157] 沙子填满艇体造型模具时,需使沙材料表面平整并与造型模具上边沿齐平。 [0157] When the sand mold filled hull shape, the material required to make the surface smooth sand and mold the shape with the rim flush. 然后将炮艇甲板的表面装饰片材层铺放在上边。 Gunboat deck surface is then decorated sheet layer laid on top. 如图19、图20。 19, FIG. 20.

[0158] 现在模具中就实现了炮艇艇体装饰片材层与成型材料制成的艇体成型体之间的造型组合。 [0158] Now the shape of the mold to achieve a combination between the molded body made of gunboat hull hull decorative sheet and the molding material layer. 如果在后面的操作中将造型模具与这个造型组合脱离开,就制成了一个外表面有装饰片材层的炮艇艇体造型组合体。 If disengaged in subsequent operations in the shape of the mold and the molding compositions, it is made of a combination of a gunboat hull shape outer surface of the decorative sheet layers. [0159] 接下来是制作甲板上的炮塔。 [0159] Next is produced on the deck of the turret. [0160] 操作步骤4.将炮塔的装饰片材放入炮塔的造型模具内。 [0160] Procedure 4. The decorative sheet of the turret into the shape of the mold turret.

[0161] 放入时,要求将装饰片材上印有颜色和图案的一面朝向模具的内壁;装饰片材的形状要与模具的内壁的形状完全吻合地放置。 When placed [0161] on the printed color and pattern on the decorative sheet side toward the inner wall of the mold; decorative sheet shape to completely fit the shape of the inner wall is placed in the mold. 如图21。 Figure 21.

[0162] 装饰片材放好后,用胶带将装饰片材形状需衔接的边沿进行粘和连接,粘接时要在装饰片材背面(装饰片材朝向模具空腔的面)进行,粘接后它成为与模具内壁形状相同的一个整体造型表面装饰片材层。 [0162] After put decorative sheet, the decorative sheet with a tape shape for an adapter for edge glued and connected to the back surface of the decorative sheet (decorative sheet toward the surface of the mold cavity) for bonding the adhesive it becomes the same shape as the mold inner wall surface of the overall shape of a decorative sheet layer. 如图22。 22.

[0163] 操作步骤5.将成型材料沙子放入炮塔模具中,进行实体的炮塔的造型组合体的成型制作 Molded to [0163] Procedure 5. turret molding material into the sand mold, the modeling entity turret assembly of

[0164] 将成型材料沙子填满已放置了装饰片材的炮塔造型模具中,填放时,将炮塔装饰片材前面的小孔用一张小薄纸从里面遮盖上,以便下一步脱模时沙子不会溢出来,如图23。 [0164] The molding material of the sand filled the molding tool turret has been placed in the decorative sheet, when completing the discharge, the inside of the front cover on the turret from the decorative sheet with a small holes tissue, to release the next step when the sand does not overflow, as shown in FIG 23.

[0165] 成型材料沙子填满后,将炮塔模具可拆装的部分安装好,如图24。 Good [0165] After the molding material fills the sand, the mold turret removable mounting portion, as shown in FIG 24. 使这个模具中的成型体制成为实体状的造型组合体。 The molding die of this system become solid-like molding assembly.

[0166] 操作步骤6.造型模具与造型组合体脱离 [0166] 6. Procedure molding die and the molding assembly from

[0167] 要将多体配套的炮艇的造型模具与在模具内的装饰片材层和沙子成型体组合的炮艇造型组合体脱离开。 [0167] To support the multi-body shape gunboats mold and sand decorative sheet layer molded article within the mold assembly combined shape gunboats disengaged.

[0168] 先将炮塔模具及其中的造型组合体放到甲板标注的位置上,如图25。 [0168] and wherein the first shape of the mold turret assembly into the position marked deck, as shown in FIG 25.

[0169] 再分别将艇体、炮塔模具上的可拆装部分拆下来,如图26。 [0169] and then were the removable portion on the hull, the turret mold removed, as shown in FIG 26.

[0170] 再分别将模具与造型组合体脱离开,如图27。 [0170] The mold shape and then were detached from the assembly, as shown in FIG 27.

[0171] 由于造型模具内壁与装饰片材层表面没有任何粘接性,所以模具能顺利脱离。 [0171] Since the surface of the molding tool inner wall of the decorative sheet layer without any adhesive, so that the mold can be smoothly disengaged.

[0172]当多体配套的炮艇的造型模具与在模具内的装饰片材层和沙子成型体组合的炮艇造型组合体脱离开,就完成了表面有装饰层的炮艇造型组合体的组合过程。 [0172] When the multi-member supporting gunboats shape mold and a decorative sheet layer and sand molded body within the mold combination gunboats molding assembly disengaged, completing the composition process of the surface of the decorative layer gunboats modeling composition thereof.

[0173] 操作步骤7.用辅助造型的配件完善造型组合体 [0173] 7. Procedure improve molding auxiliary molding assembly parts

[0174] 将辅助造型的配件红旗插在炮塔顶部、炮管插在炮塔装饰片材上的小孔处,将护栏分别粘在甲板的如面和后面,Iv造型完美的炮艇造型组合体制作完成,如图28。 [0174] The shape of the auxiliary parts red flag at the top of the turret, the turret barrel inserted in the holes of the decorative sheet, such as a guardrail are glued surface and a rear deck, Iv perfect shape of the finished assembly shape gunboats , 28.

Claims (5)

  1. 1. 一种表面有装饰层的造型组合体的组合方法,该方法包括有以下步骤: 第一步、准备制作的工具和材料(1)制作的工具包括: 收取材料用的铲子、桶、盆;制作造型体的造型模具,所述造型模具包括有:制作独体造型的独体模具、制作多体结构造型的成套模具、可拆装的模具; (2)制作的材料包括: ①制作造型体用的成型材料所述成型材料包括有沙状材料、泥状材料、冰雪; ②组合在造型体表面装饰片材所述造型体表面装饰片材包括有:单个完整形象形状的、多个配套形象形状的,形式有:平面样式的、加工成立体样式的; (3)辅助造型的配件辅助造型的配件是指:造型体表面装饰片材与成型材料完成造型组合体后,用于这个造型组合体的结构和外观效果做补充完善的物件; 第二步、组合体组合成型的操作①放置好造型模具首先选好造型操作的地 CLAIMS 1. A method for modeling the surface composition of the decorative layer assembly, the method comprising the steps of: a first step of making the tool ready tools and materials (1) produced by comprising: charged material shovel, bucket, tub ; molding mold making shaped body, said molding mold comprising: making a single independent body shape of the mold, making multiple sets of mold structure modeling, the removable mold; (2) Preparation of materials include: ① production modeling the body of material by molding the molding material comprises a sand-like materials, pulpy material, snow and ice; ② the composition of the surface of the decorative sheet was shaped body molding surface of the decorative sheet material comprising: a single complete image of the shape, a plurality of supporting image shape, form: a plane pattern, processing stereoscopic pattern; (3) the shape of the auxiliary auxiliary fitting means fitting shape: shape the decorative surface sheet and the molding material after completion of molding assembly, for this form combination of structure and appearance of objects made complements; the second step, the molding operation a combination of good styling ① placing the first selected mold molding operation to 方,在操作的地方摆放造型模具,若是可拆装的造型模具,须先把模具安装好备用; ②置入造型体表面的装饰片材将造型体表面装饰片材放入所述造型模具,按照造型体表面装饰片材提供的式样,装饰片材放入造型模具分为两种方法: 1)把加工成立体式样的造型体表面装饰片材直接放入造型模具之中; 2)平面式样的造型体表面装饰片材,在放入造型模具时,装饰片材上有颜色和图案的一面朝向造型模具的内壁,并将造型体表面装饰片材的形状与造型模具内壁形状完全吻合地放置,接着将造型体表面装饰片材形状需衔接的边沿处进行连接处理,连接后这个造型体表面装饰片材成为与模具内壁形状相吻合的一个整体造型装饰层; ③造型组合体的成型制作将成型材料放入上述造型模具中,进行造型组合体的成型制作,组合体的成型制作方法分别有: 1) Side, where the shape of the mold placed operation, if the removable molding mold, the mold must first install the standby; ② into the shape of the surface of the sheet to shape the decorative surface of the decorative sheet into the molding die according to the surface shape pattern of the decorative sheet provided a decorative sheet into a mold shape divided into two methods: 1) the establishment of processing the surface shape of the decorative sheet body among the pattern directly into the molding tool; 2) plane shape of the surface of the decorative sheet shaped body, when placed in the molding tool, the molding tool inner wall facing the side of the color and pattern on the decorative sheet, the shape of the inner wall of the mold shape and the shape of the surface shape of the decorative sheet be fully consistent place, is followed by the connection processing shaped body surface of the decorative sheet shape for an engagement of the edge of the rear attachment the molding surface of the decorative sheet as a whole shape of the decorative layer and the mold inner wall shape consistent; molded to ③ molding assembly of molding the molding material into said mold, and molded to the shape of the assembly, the assembly method of manufacturing molded respectively: 1) 作实体的表面有装饰层的造型组合体的方法将成型材料填满已放置了造型体表面装饰片材的造型模具中,使这个造型模具中的成型体制成为实体状的造型组合体; 2)制作空腔体的表面有装饰层的造型组合体的方法当所述成型材料放入已放置了造型体表面装饰片材的造型模具时,只在靠近这个造型模具内壁之处放置成型材料,保持模具内空腔状态,使这个造型模具中的成型体制成为空腔状的造型组合体; ④造型模具与造型组合体脱离将造型模具与模具内造型体表面装饰片材和成型体组成的造型组合体脱离,由于造型模具内壁与装饰片材层表面没有任何粘接性,所以造型模具能顺利地脱模,脱模的操作方法: 1)如果是从造型模具底部开口处放入成型材料的,脱模时,需先将模具连同模具内的造型组合体一起将底部朝向调至向下,然后再行脱模; 2)如果 Entity as the surface layer of the decorative molding assembly method of the molding material fills the molding tool have been placed decorative sheet shaped body surface, so that the shape of the molding die system becomes solid shaped molding assembly; 2) when making the surface of the hollow body molding assembly method of the decorative layer when the molding material into the molding tool have been placed decorative sheet shaped body surface, only near the inner wall of the mold shape of the molding material is placed, holding state within the mold cavity, the shape of the molding system, the mold cavity shape becomes the shape of assembly; ④ molding die and the molding assembly from the molding composition of the inner molding surface of the mold and the mold shape the decorative sheet and the molded body composition from the body, since the shape of the mold inner wall surface of the decorative sheet layer has no adhesiveness, so the shape of the mold can be smoothly demolded demolding methods of operation: 1) If the molding material is placed in the bottom opening from the molding mold, demold, to be first molding die together with the mold assembly will be adjusted downward toward the bottom, then the line release; 2) if 拆装结构的造型模具脱模时,先将需拆的部分拆下来,再行脱模; ⑤用辅助造型的配件完善造型组合体在造型组合体的结构和外观需要补充完善处,添加辅助造型的配件。 When the molding mold release detachable structure, a portion to be demolished first removed, re-release; ⑤ auxiliary molding assembly parts perfect shape in appearance and structure of the combination needed complements, the addition of an auxiliary molding accessories.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的造型组合体的组合方法,其特征是:所述步骤③造型组合体的成型制作中,还包括利用有或无装饰的造型体表面的片材与造型模具一起制造造型体,该造型体表面的片材与造型模具脱模后,该造型体表面的片材与造型体再实施分离而制成造型体,该造型体表面的片材与上述造型模具均能够反复使用。 2. The composition according to Method I as claimed in claim molding assembly, wherein: said modeling step ③ molded to the assembly, with or without further comprises using a surface shape of the decorative sheet and the molding tool with manufacturing a shaped body, the shape of the mold release sheet and the surface of the molding, the shaped body sheet and the molding surface of another embodiment of the shaped body is made separate sheet with the molding surface of the molding mold described above were able to repeatedly.
  3. 3.根据权利要求I所述的造型组合体的组合方法,其特征是:所述沙状材料包括有天然沙材料,人工制成的细小颗粒状材料;所述泥状材料包括有天然土、粉为材料制成的泥,有粮食为材料制成的泥,有化工原料制成的泥。 3. The composition according to Method I as claimed in claim molding assembly, characterized in that: said material comprises a sand-like material, natural sand, fine particulate material made of artificial; the sludge material comprises natural soil, mud powder made of a material with mud as food material, made of mud chemical raw materials.
  4. 4.根据权利要求I所述的造型组合体的组合方法,其特征是:所述造型体表面的装饰片材包括有:形状能与造型模具内壁形状相吻合的片材,且表面上有图案和颜色或无图案和颜色、有多种形状变化,且有凹凸状、镂空状、压制印迹的片材。 4. The composition according to Method I as claimed in claim molding assembly, characterized in that: the decorative surface of the sheet shape comprising: shaped to match the shape of the inner wall of the mold shape of the sheet, and there is a pattern on the surface color and or no color and pattern, a variety of shape change, and there is an uneven shape, hollow shape, pressed sheet blots.
  5. 5.根据权利要求I所述的造型组合体的组合方法,其特征是:所述造型体表面的装饰片材包括有纸质、木质、塑料、皮革、纤维纺织品、胶制品、不干胶制品制成的。 5. The composition according to Method I as claimed in claim molding assembly, wherein: the decorative shape of the surface of the sheet comprises paper, wood, plastics, leather, textile fibers, rubber products, adhesive products It made.
CN 201210100643 2012-04-09 2012-04-09 Method for assembling modelling assembly with decorative layer on surface CN102616066B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1041725A (en) * 1988-10-11 1990-05-02 陈旃 Lappet decorative surface
CN1074652A (en) * 1992-01-21 1993-07-28 丁阳忠 No decolour artificial colour inorganic decorating board
CN1134892A (en) * 1996-02-14 1996-11-06 张元祐 Method for making cement reliefs groups on building
WO2001010637A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-15 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of producing vehicle interior material having sandwich structure
US6699419B1 (en) * 2000-06-05 2004-03-02 General Motors Corporation Method of forming a composite article with a textured surface and mold therefor
CN1872570A (en) * 2005-05-31 2006-12-06 张展有 Technique for fabricating carved ware from glass and sandstone

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1041725A (en) * 1988-10-11 1990-05-02 陈旃 Lappet decorative surface
CN1074652A (en) * 1992-01-21 1993-07-28 丁阳忠 No decolour artificial colour inorganic decorating board
CN1134892A (en) * 1996-02-14 1996-11-06 张元祐 Method for making cement reliefs groups on building
WO2001010637A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-15 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Method of producing vehicle interior material having sandwich structure
US6699419B1 (en) * 2000-06-05 2004-03-02 General Motors Corporation Method of forming a composite article with a textured surface and mold therefor
CN1872570A (en) * 2005-05-31 2006-12-06 张展有 Technique for fabricating carved ware from glass and sandstone

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