CN102610136A - Car accident collision experience system - Google Patents

Car accident collision experience system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102610136A
CN102610136A CN2012100839563A CN201210083956A CN102610136A CN 102610136 A CN102610136 A CN 102610136A CN 2012100839563 A CN2012100839563 A CN 2012100839563A CN 201210083956 A CN201210083956 A CN 201210083956A CN 102610136 A CN102610136 A CN 102610136A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
car
curtain
traffic accident
experience
sight
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Granted
Application number
CN2012100839563A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102610136B (en
Inventor
吕植勇
罗广
王龙青
刘克中
刘湘
易俊威
彭小玓
付姗姗
李博文
查章鹏
倪琳轩
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Application filed by Wuhan University of Technology WUT filed Critical Wuhan University of Technology WUT
Priority to CN201210083956.3A priority Critical patent/CN102610136B/en
Publication of CN102610136A publication Critical patent/CN102610136A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102610136B publication Critical patent/CN102610136B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention provides a car accident collision experience system comprising an experience car, a scene curtain, a projector, a pavement collision stake, a car-mounted head collision switch, a clutch trigger switch, a braking rope, a variable speed control box and a cushioning device. A driver drives the experience car to collide with the scene curtain, and the projector timely switches a projection picture to provide realistic experience feel for the driver; and the clutch trigger switch, the braking rope, the variable speed control box and the cushioning device can ensure the timely braking of the experience car and the safety of the driver. The car accident collision experience system can enable the driver to appropriately experience the collision moment in the car accident and fully ensure the safety of the driver at the same time; and the collision experience system is beneficial for improving the safe driving consciousness of the driver, determining the evaluation index and the threshold of the simulated training on the driving skill of the driver in service and setting relevant standards.

Description

Traffic accident impacting body check system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the road safety technical field, especially relate to and a kind ofly can experience the traffic accident bump experiencing system of moment through real vehicles and portable driving.
Background technology
China's road traffic accident takes place frequently in recent years, has caused huge casualties, has brought serious physiology injury and menticide to the litigant, has brought huge negative effect to traffic system.2010, be informed of a case altogether 3906164 of road traffic accidents of the whole nation rose 35.9% on year-on-year basis.Wherein, relate to 219521 of the road traffic accidents of casualties, cause that 65225 people are dead, 254075 people are injured, direct property loss 9.3 hundred million.
Reduce the effective method of traffic hazard and be exactly letting the driver under safe condition, undergo moment of traffic accident bump, let the driver see the huge injury that traffic accident brings, the driver enhances your vigilance, safe driving thereby make.At present, the video recording multimedia vision experiencing system based on vehicle driving simulator is the traffic accident impacting body check system of using always.Its principle of work is: the driver drives the stationary vehicle of a unpowered systems, and lets the highway on the screen be moved; Driver's control action (like turning, brake etc.) is mapped as the swing of picture on the screen or the speed of projection speed; Screen is switched to the traffic accident scene during vehicle rear-end collision bump.Vehicle is static in this experiencing system, and the audiovisual impression can only be provided, and the health mechanics sense that causes the driver to immerse is true inadequately, and experience effect is bad.
In order to overcome the above problems, patent CN201120054083.4 has proposed a kind of guide tracked vehicle collision experience apparatus.Its principle of work is: the driver is sitting on the seat, and seat clashes into along the track downslide and with the impact portions of low side.Though this device has been realized true bump, owing to do not use real vehicles, and stroke speed is not enough, also has it not present the traffic accident scene, can not bring the driver bump impression true to nature equally.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is: be directed against the defective that health mechanics feeling of immersion is not enough, the environment validity is not enough that traditional traffic accident impacting body check system brings; A kind of traffic accident impacting body check system is provided; This system can let driver's movable type drive real vehicle; And can experience traffic accident through the bump virtual image then and clash into moment as on highway, going.
The present invention solves its technical matters and adopts following technical scheme:
Traffic accident impacting body check system provided by the invention; Mainly form by experiencing car, projector, sight curtain and clamping device; Wherein: the first curtain frame and the second curtain frame are installed on the road surface; At the first curtain frame overhung, the first sight curtain, at the second curtain frame overhung, the second sight curtain; What show on the first sight curtain is the image of experiencing the car normal driving, and what show on the second sight curtain is to experience the image that traffic accident appears in car.
On road surface, first curtain frame the place ahead, brake triggering device can be housed, this brake triggering device is the road surface bump post of road surface intermediate projections; After the vehicle-mounted meeting switch of experiencing car and road surface bump post bump, vehicle-mounted meeting switch can rotate and make the first clutch trigger switch to do upward movement; When the first clutch trigger switch with after the second clutch trigger switch contacts, just can unclamp the clutch coupling of experiencing car, thereby break off the power system of experiencing car, let and experience car and before the second curtain frame, stop.
On road surface, first curtain frame the place ahead, the brake rope device can be housed, this brake rope device is made up of brake rope and rotating cylinder; After experiencing car and road surface bump post collision, the braking of experiencing car link up with just can hook on brake rope, under the pining down of rotating cylinder, vehicle will stop before the second curtain frame.
Described experience car is by oil-engine driven common locomotive, or by power-actuated electric motor car.Common locomotive can be car, tractor, truck.
Said vehicle-mounted meeting switch is the vehicle-mounted meeting switch that is used for the duplex of solenoidoperated cluthes and projector.
Said curtain frame overhung one row's sight curtain, wherein the first sight curtain and the second sight curtain all are the screens of white, its curtain can be spliced for 2-100 bar white soft material; The front upper place of screen or back upper place are equipped with first projector and second projector, and the traffic accident sight is projected on the screen.
Install at the back at the second curtain frame and a kind ofly to stop snubber assembly by what tire, sponge, spring constituted, further brake body is validated the car.
The vehicle of described driving is electric motor car, and through cable power supply, cable passes suspended on bracing frame.
Track advances in cable drum traction lower edge in described electric motor car; The travel speed of electric motor car is by the speed Control case control that is contained in the track rear, and this speed Control case is controlled by control desk.
After described electric motor car clashes into the first sight curtain, control braking down simultaneously, before the second curtain frame, stop at last at brake rope and cable drum.
The present invention compared with prior art has following main advantage:
(1) driver can drive real vehicles, and can go closing to reality as movable type on highway;
(2) instantaneous velocity of Vehicular impact virtual image is greater than 15km/h, and driver's feeling of immersion is strong;
(3) adopted multiple braking method, can guarantee vehicle in 1-5 braking in time within second, safe.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the bump optical projection system.
Fig. 2 is a curtain bump synoptic diagram.
Fig. 3 is a bump triggering work synoptic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the bump trigger switch.
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 cut-open view.
Fig. 6 is a bump interception rope rotating cylinder synoptic diagram.
Fig. 7 is vehicle-mounted meeting switch control chart.
Fig. 8 is oblique sliding surface Vehicular impact experience apparatus.
Fig. 9 is oblique sliding surface Vehicular impact clamping device.
Figure 10 is an electric motor car knockout process velocity profile.
Among the figure: 1. road surface, 2. common locomotive, 3. first projector, 4. second projector, the 5. first curtain frame; 6. the second curtain frame, the 7. first sight curtain, the 8. second sight curtain, 9. road surface bump post, 10. vehicle-mounted meeting switch; 11. the first clutch trigger switch, 12. second clutch trigger switches, 13. braking hooks, 14. brake ropes, 15. rotating cylinders; 16. track, 17. electric motor cars, 18. control desks, 19. bracing frames, 20. pulleys; 21. cable, 22. stop snubber assembly, 23. cable drums, 24. speed Control casees.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing the present invention is described further, but is not limited to following said content.
Traffic accident impacting body check system provided by the invention; Its structure is as shown in Figure 1, mainly is made up of common locomotive 2, projector, curtain frame and sight curtain, and wherein: common locomotive 2 is used to clash into the sight curtain on road surface 1; Projector is used to throw in the traffic accident picture, and the curtain frame is used to hang the sight curtain.
Fig. 2 to Fig. 7 has showed the process of common locomotive 2 motions and the working condition of each assembly of traffic accident impact system.
What Fig. 2 described is the sight of the common locomotive 2 bumps first sight curtain 7 and the traffic accident picture that the second sight curtain 8 is thrown in.
Fig. 3 has showed the vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 of common locomotive 2 bottoms and the sight of road surface bump post 9 generation touchings.Wherein vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 is installed on the crossbeam of vehicle chassis, and 13 is same positions, can be with reference to figure 6.The driver drives common locomotive 2 when driving towards the first sight curtain 7, will clash into road surface bump post 9 in the way, and vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 will rotate and make first clutch trigger switch 11 to do upward movement at this moment.When first clutch trigger switch 11 touches second clutch trigger switch 12, experience the car clutch coupling and will unclamp, thereby break off automotive power, make the experience car begin braking.
Vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 is duplexs, and it not only makes car brakeing, but also can control projector, makes projected image in time switch to the traffic accident scene, clashes into moment thereby let the driver experience traffic accident.
What Fig. 4 described is the structure of bump trigger switch, and it is made up of vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10, first clutch trigger switch 11, second clutch trigger switch 12.Principle of work is that after the vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 and the road surface bump post 9 of common locomotive 2 collide, this vehicle-mounted meeting switch will rotate and make first clutch trigger switch 11 to do upward movement.When first clutch trigger switch 11 touches second clutch trigger switch 12, common locomotive clutch coupling will unclamp, and from then on automotive power breaks off, and common locomotive begins braking.
Fig. 5 has showed the structure of bump trigger switch from another side.
Fig. 6 has provided the structure of bump interception rope rotating cylinder, and it is made up of braking hook 13, brake rope 14 and rotating cylinder 15.Wherein, braking hook 13 is rigidly fixed in the car bottom, and brake rope 14 is fixed on the road surface 1 with rotating cylinder 15.Its principle of work is that when experiencing car through the interception rope, braking hook 13 is experienced brake rope on the hook 14 car and will before the second curtain frame 6, stopped under the pining down of rotating cylinder 15.
What Fig. 7 described is the dual-use function of vehicle-mounted meeting switch, promptly can control vehicular clutch, can also control projector.
Fig. 8 to Figure 10 shows the process of electric motor car campaign and the working condition of each assembly of traffic accident impact system.
Fig. 8 has described the composition situation of whole experiencing system, and it is mainly by stopping that snubber assembly 22, the first curtain frame 5, the second curtain frame 6, brake rope 14, electric motor car 17, track 16, cable 21, pulley 20, bracing frame 19, control desk 18 form.Stop that wherein snubber assembly 22 is used for further brake body and validates the car; The first curtain frame 5 and the second curtain frame 6 are used to hang the sight curtain; Brake rope 14 is used for the electric motor car braking; Cable 21 is used for to electric motor car 17 power supplies, and pulley 20 is used for suspended cables 21 with bracing frame 19, and control desk 18 is used for control power supply.
Fig. 9 has provided the clamping device of electric motor car, is made up of cable drum, speed Control case and brake rope.Control, the brake rope of speed were used for the electric motor car braking when wherein cable drum and speed Control case were used for electric motor car and go in orbit.
Figure 10 has described the distribution situation of electric motor car at the whole motion process medium velocity.
Instance 1 (experiencing car is common locomotive 2)
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2, common locomotive goes to the first curtain frame 5 on road surface 1.When Vehicular impact during to the first sight curtain 7, first projector 3 and second projector 4 in time switch to the traffic accident scene with projected picture, experience thereby give driver's traffic accident bump true to nature.
In Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, after common locomotive vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 collides with road surface bump post 9, vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 will rotate and make first clutch trigger switch 11 to do upward movement.When first clutch trigger switch 11 touches second clutch trigger switch 12, common locomotive clutch coupling will unclamp, and from then on automotive power breaks off, and common locomotive begins braking.
In Fig. 6, the braking of common locomotive hook 13 is with brake rope on the hook 14, and common locomotive will stop before the second curtain frame 6 under the pining down of rotating cylinder 15.
In Fig. 7, vehicle-mounted meeting switch 10 is duplexs, both can control vehicular clutch and braking, can also control projector, makes projected image in time switch to the traffic accident scene, clashes into moment thereby let the driver experience traffic accident.
Instance 2 (experiencing car is electric motor car 17)
In Fig. 8, electric motor car 17 is by cable power supply, and cable suspension is on bracing frame 19 and pulley 20.Electric motor car 17 is supplied power by flexible cable 21, is pinned in to move on the track 16 by cable drum 23 and advances.Electric motor car 17 movement velocitys are by 24 controls of speed Control case.For further abrupt deceleration vehicle, the second curtain frame 6 back is equipped with by what tire, sponge, spring etc. constituted and stops snubber assembly 22, makes the vehicle deceleration of motion and stops, and guarantees driver's safety.
In Fig. 9, electric motor car 17 advances at cable drum 23 traction lower edge tracks 16.Electric motor car 17 travel speeds are by 24 controls of speed Control case, and speed Control case 24 is by control desk 18 controls.
Figure 10 is electric motor car 17 knockout process velocity profiles.For guaranteeing experience effect, the instantaneous velocity of the electric motor car 17 bumps first sight curtain 7 should not be lower than 15km/h.Electric motor car 17 goes belong to the unloading phase along track 16, and this brief acceleration is less, is designated as a1; Electric motor car 17 deorbits 16 but also do not belong to plateau, this stage electric motor car 17 acceleration a2=0 on the hook before the brake rope; Brake rope moment on electric motor car 17 hooks, speed can reduce to some extent, so acceleration a3 is also less; After this; Electric motor car 17 begins braking under brake rope 14 and cable drum 23 are controlled simultaneously; Because will guarantee to experience car is that electric motor car 17 stops before the second curtain frame 6, therefore experiencing vehicle speed must reduce to 0 rapidly, so the acceleration a4 of deboost phase is bigger than normal.

Claims (10)

1. traffic accident impacting body check system; It is characterized in that mainly forming by experiencing car, projector, sight curtain and clamping device; Wherein: (1) is gone up the first curtain frame (5) and the second curtain frame (6) is installed on the road surface; At first curtain frame (5) overhung, the first sight curtain (7), at second curtain frame (6) overhung, the second sight curtain (8); What the first sight curtain (7) was gone up demonstration is the image of experiencing the car normal driving, and what the second sight curtain (8) was gone up demonstration is to experience the image that traffic accident appears in car.
2. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: on first curtain frame (5) road surface, the place ahead, brake triggering device is housed, this brake triggering device is the road surface bump post (9) of road surface intermediate projections; After the vehicle-mounted meeting switch (10) of experiencing car and road surface bump post (9) clashed into, vehicle-mounted meeting switch (10) can rotate and make first clutch trigger switch (11) do upward movement; When first clutch trigger switch (11) with after second clutch trigger switch (12) contacts, just can unclamp the clutch coupling of experiencing car, thereby break off the power system of experiencing car, let and experience car preceding the stopping of the second curtain frame (6).
3. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 2 is characterized in that on first curtain frame (5) road surface, the place ahead, the brake rope device being housed, and this brake rope device is made up of brake rope (14) and rotating cylinder (15); After experiencing car and road surface bump post (9) collision, the braking of experiencing car link up with (13) just can hook on brake rope (14), under the pining down of rotating cylinder (15), vehicle will be preceding the stopping of the second curtain frame (6).
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described traffic accident impacting body check systems, it is characterized in that: experiencing car is by oil-engine driven common locomotive (2), comprises car, tractor, truck, or by power-actuated electric motor car (17).
5. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 2 is characterized in that: vehicle-mounted meeting switch (10) is the vehicle-mounted meeting switch that is used for the duplex of solenoidoperated cluthes and projector.
6. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said curtain frame overhung one row's sight curtain, and wherein the first sight curtain (7) and the second sight curtain (8) they all are the screens of white; The front upper place of screen or back upper place are equipped with first projector (3) and second projector (4), and the traffic accident sight is projected on the screen.
7. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: install in the second curtain frame (6) back and a kind ofly stop snubber assembly (22) by what tire, sponge, spring constituted, further brake body is validated the car.
8. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the vehicle of driving is electric motor car (17), and through cable (21) power supply, cable (21) passes pulley (20) and is suspended on the bracing frame (19).
9. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: electric motor car (17) advances at cable drum (23) traction lower edge track (16); The travel speed of electric motor car is by speed Control case (24) control that is contained in track (16) rear, and this speed Control case (24) is controlled by control desk (18).
10. traffic accident impacting body check system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: behind electric motor car (17) the bump first sight curtain (7); Braking under brake rope (14) and cable drum (23) are controlled simultaneously is at last preceding the stopping of the second curtain frame (6).
CN201210083956.3A 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 Car accident collision experience system Expired - Fee Related CN102610136B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210083956.3A CN102610136B (en) 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 Car accident collision experience system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210083956.3A CN102610136B (en) 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 Car accident collision experience system

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CN102610136B CN102610136B (en) 2014-04-09

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104316285A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-01-28 石家庄华燕交通科技有限公司 Training platform for experiencing collision between vehicle and obstacle

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1097884A (en) * 1994-06-09 1995-01-25 李占武 The driving simulation system of training vehicle driver
JP2009204395A (en) * 2008-02-27 2009-09-10 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Component of vehicle collision simulator
CN201757941U (en) * 2010-08-24 2011-03-09 洪雪峰 Panoramic driving simulation instruction car
CN202049629U (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-11-23 交通运输部公路科学研究所 Vehicle collision experience apparatus
CN202087041U (en) * 2011-06-13 2011-12-28 深圳市远望落星山科技有限公司 Experiential automobile system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1097884A (en) * 1994-06-09 1995-01-25 李占武 The driving simulation system of training vehicle driver
JP2009204395A (en) * 2008-02-27 2009-09-10 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Component of vehicle collision simulator
CN201757941U (en) * 2010-08-24 2011-03-09 洪雪峰 Panoramic driving simulation instruction car
CN202049629U (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-11-23 交通运输部公路科学研究所 Vehicle collision experience apparatus
CN202087041U (en) * 2011-06-13 2011-12-28 深圳市远望落星山科技有限公司 Experiential automobile system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104316285A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-01-28 石家庄华燕交通科技有限公司 Training platform for experiencing collision between vehicle and obstacle

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