CN102609617A - Method for intelligently calculating dispensing amount of clinical drugs - Google Patents

Method for intelligently calculating dispensing amount of clinical drugs Download PDF

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CN102609617A
CN102609617A CN2012100216990A CN201210021699A CN102609617A CN 102609617 A CN102609617 A CN 102609617A CN 2012100216990 A CN2012100216990 A CN 2012100216990A CN 201210021699 A CN201210021699 A CN 201210021699A CN 102609617 A CN102609617 A CN 102609617A
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drugs
drug
dispensing
number
rounding
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CN2012100216990A
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廖邦富
罗太模
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成都成电医星数字健康软件有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for intelligently calculating the dispensing amount of clinical drugs, which includes the steps: firstly, determining 'dispensing unit', 'dispensing unit dosage', 'single drug use dosage' and a drug integer taking method of the drugs; secondly, inputting or receiving drug varieties, drug single use dosage, drug everyday use times and drug use days; and thirdly, calculating the dispensing amount of the drugs according to a drug amount calculation integer taking method. The method is capable of automatically calculating the drug dispensing amount of clinic prescriptions and hospitalized medical advices and accurately calculating the drug amount, is applicable to calculation of all the drugs and the clinically needed dispensing amount of a medical organization, and can be used for electronic prescriptions and electronic hospitalized medical advice systems, so that the drug dispensing amount is accurately and rapidly calculated.

Description

一种智能化计算临床药品发药量的方法 A method of dispensing drugs in clinical Intelligent calculation amount

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种智能化计算临床药品发药量的方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method of dispensing drugs in clinical Intelligent calculation amount.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在对病人的治疗过程中,需要解决在处方或医嘱时,如何计算药品的发放数量的问题。 [0002] In the course of treatment for patients, it is necessary to solve the problem in the prescription or doctor's advice, how to calculate the number of the distribution of medication. 这既牵涉药品的准确计价,也影响治疗的效果。 This not only involves the accurate pricing of drugs, but also affect the treatment effect. 药品发药数量的基本计算公式是: (每次用药剂量(或数量)X每天用药次数X用药天数)/每个发药单位(规格包装)的总剂量(或数量),再根据上述基本公式计算的结果,进行取整,得到发药数量。 Drug dispensing amount of basic formula is: (per dose (or amount) X number of doses per day administration for several days X) / each dispensing unit (packaging specifications) of the total dose (or amount), then the above-described basic formula the result of the calculation, rounding, to give the number of dispensing. 传统的方法都是由医生人工计算和取整。 The traditional methods are rounded and calculated manually by the doctor. 虽然很多医院使用了电子处方和电子医嘱,但是医生还必须根据处方或医嘱的药品的单次剂量(或数量),每天用药次数、用药天数、药品的包装、规格等数据,手工计算药品发药总量和取整。 Although many hospitals use electronic prescribing and electronic medical advice, but doctors also must be based on a single dose of drug prescriptions or medical advice (or number), the number of drugs, packing a few days of medication, drugs, specifications and other data on a daily, manual calculation drugs and medicine and the total amount of rounding. 计算的速度慢,或可能出现差错,影响病人的治疗。 Calculation of slow, or errors may affect the patient's treatment. 因此,非常需要一种能快速准确自动计算出临床药品的发药数量的方法,实现临床药品发药数量的智能化计算发明内容 Thus, a need for a very fast and accurate method of automatically calculate the amount of drug in clinical development of drugs, medicines and medicine to achieve a number of clinical Intelligent calculation SUMMARY

本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种智能化计算临床药品发药量的方法,通过药品每次用药剂量(或数量)、每天用药次数、用药天数、每个发药单位(规格、包装)的剂量(或数量),取整方法等数据,自动计算取整,智能化的计算出准确的发药数量。 The present invention solves the technical problem is to provide an intelligent computing the amount of dispensing drugs in clinical methods, by medicines per dose (or amount), the number of daily medication, medication for several days, each dispensing unit (specifications, packaging) the dose (or amount), a method of rounding data to automatically calculate rounding intelligent calculate the exact number of dispensing.

[0003] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种智能化计算临床药品发药量的方法,步骤如下: [0003] In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a method of dispensing drugs in clinical Intelligent calculation amount, the following steps:

步骤一,对药品“发药单位”、“发药单位剂量”、“单次用药剂量”及药品取整方法进行确 A step of drugs "dispensing unit", "dispensing unit dose", "single dose" drugs and rounding method determined

步骤二,输入或接收入药品品种、药品单次用药剂量、药品每天用次、用药天数; , Number of medication step two, the input or received into drug products, drug single dose, the drug per day by day times;

步骤三,根据药品数量计算取整的方法,计算药品的发药数量。 Step three, the number of medicines is calculated according to the method of rounding the calculated number of dispensing drugs.

[0004] 药品取整的方法包括: [0004] Drug rounding method comprising:

医嘱计算取整方法,适用于大包装,小剂量使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的电子医嘱,自动按“每次用药剂量或数量X每日用药次数”的方式计算出每天用药的总量,再根据药品的药房单位剂量或数量计算出需要发一个发药单位的药品,需要发药的间隔天数,在执行医嘱时,按间隔天数发药; Calculating orders rounding method for Bulk, small doses of the drug, the kinds of drugs, according to the doctor's orders electronic, automatic press "per daily dosage or amount X number of doses" of the drug per day calculated as the total amount, and then calculate the number of unit dose or pharmacy drugs need to send out a drug dispensing unit, dispensing number of days required in the implementation of orders, dispensing intervals in days;

单次计算取整方法,适用于单次使用,拆分后无法使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的处方或医嘱,对于处方或医嘱上药品的每次的用药剂量计算,若每次用药的剂量不等于发药单位的剂量的整数倍,自动对药品的每次发药数量取整,取整方法是只进不舍;再根据每次用药的发药数量,计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的发药数量; Single rounding calculation method suitable for single use, the drug can not be used after the split, the kinds of drugs, according to a doctor's prescription or orders for prescription drugs or prescription medication per dose calculation, if each doses of medication is not equal to an integer multiple of a unit dose dispensing, automatic dispensing of drug per amount of rounding, rounding is only into sadness; then the number of each dispensing medication, a prescription is calculated send a number of drugs or medical advice;

总量计算取整方法,用于每个发药单位,可多次使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的处方或医嘱,对于处方或医嘱上药品的多次用药计算用药总剂量或数量,若总剂量或数量不是发药单位总剂量或数量的整数倍时,就自动取整,取整方法是只进不舍,计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的发药数量; Rounding the total calculation method for each of the dispensing units, the drugs can be used repeatedly, the kinds of drugs, according to a doctor's prescription orders or, for multiple dose prescription drugs or prescription medication dose or the total number of calculations , if not the total dose or amount dose or the total number of dispensing units of an integral multiple, automatically rounding, rounding-only method is to give up, count the number of dispensing a prescription or a medical advice;

处方计算取整方法,适用每个发药单位,可多次使用的药品,且一张处方或一次医嘱有不同分组的多个相同药品情况,对该种药品,根据处方或医嘱,计算多组中同一药品的用总药剂量或数量,若药品的全部用药总剂量或数量不等于发药单位的整数倍,自动按药品的总数量自动取整,取整方法是只进不舍;计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的药品的发药总数 Prescription rounding calculation method for each of the dispensing units, the drug can be used repeatedly, and a plurality of prescription orders or one of the same packets of different drugs, the kind of the drugs, or prescription orders, calculating a plurality of sets in the same drug dose or the total amount, if all of the drug or the total amount of drug dose is not equal to an integer multiple of the dispensing unit, the total number of drugs automatic automatic rounding, rounding is only into sadness; calculated the total number of dispensing a prescription or a doctor of medicine

单天总量计算取整方法:计算出全天多张处方或多次次医嘱的药品的发药总数量;若药品的全部用药总剂量或数量不等于发药单位的整数倍,自动按药品的总数量自动取整, 取整方法也是只进不舍;计算出一天全部处方或医嘱的药品的发药总数量; Calculating the total amount of a single day rounding method: calculate the total number of dispensing more than one day or multiple times a drug prescription orders; if all of the drug administration the total dose or amount is not equal to an integer multiple dispensing units, automatically by drugs the total number of automatic rounding, rounding methods are only into sadness; calculated one day total number of all prescription drugs or prescription drugs hair;

计算不取整方法:适用每个发药单位与每次用药单位相同,或不需要计算发药数量的药品。 Rounding method is not calculated: for each dispensing unit and each unit of the same drug, or no need to calculate the number of dispensing drugs. 对该种药品,根据医生的处方或医嘱,完全按“每次用药剂量或数量X每天用药次数”的方式计算出用药的总量,不作任何取整处理,即计算出的数量就是发药数量。 The kinds of drugs, according to the doctor's prescription or orders, exactly "the number of daily dosage of each drug or the number of X" is calculated as the total amount of the drug, without any rounding process, i.e., the number of the calculated amount of drug is made .

[0005] 本发明具有如下有益技术效果: [0005] The present invention has the following beneficial technical effects:

(1)实现了门诊处方和住院医嘱对药品发药数量的自动计算,解决药品数量的准确计算问题; (1) to achieve the outpatient and inpatient prescription drugs and medicine prescription to automatically calculate the number of address the problem accurately calculate the number of drugs;

(2)药品的发药量计算取整方法,可适用于医疗机构所有药品和临床需要的发药数量计算; Dispensing an amount of (2) calculation of the drug rounding method is applicable to all drugs and the number of calculations required clinical dispensing the medical institution;

(3)可用于电子处方和电子医嘱系统,实现药品发药数量的准确、快速计算。 (3) can be used for electronic prescription orders and electronic system, the exact amount of the drug dispensing, fast calculation.

[0006] 具体实施方式 [0006] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0007] 下面结合具体实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0007] Specific embodiments of the present invention in conjunction with the following described in further detail.

[0008] 实施例: [0008] Example:

一种智能化计算临床药品发药量的方法,步骤如下: A method of dispensing drugs in clinical Intelligent calculation amount, the following steps:

步骤一,对药品“发药单位”、“发药单位剂量”、“单次用药剂量”及药品取整方法进行确定;该步骤采用药品管理模块实现。 A step of drugs "dispensing unit", "dispensing unit dose", "single dose" drugs and rounding method determination; step using the drug management module.

[0009] 步骤二,输入或接收入药品品种、药品单次用药剂量、药品每天用次、用药天数;该步骤采用数据输入模块实现。 [0009] Step two, the input or receive income varieties of drugs, a single dose drugs, drugs, medication times every day for several days; the step of using the data entry modules.

[0010] 步骤三,根据药品数量计算取整的方法,计算药品的发药数量。 [0010] Step three, the number of drugs according to the method of calculating the rounding of the calculated number of dispensing drugs. 该步骤采用药品计算取整模块实现。 The calculating step uses drugs rounding modules.

[0011] 药品计算取整模块含有的药品取整的方法包括: Method [0011] Drug calculated taking medicines containing the entire rounding module comprises:

医嘱计算取整方法,适用于大包装,小剂量使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的电子医嘱,自动按“每次用药剂量或数量X每日用药次数”的方式计算出每天用药的总量,再根据药品的药房单位剂量或数量计算出需要发一个发药单位的药品,需要发药的间隔天数,在执行医嘱时,按间隔天数发药; Calculating orders rounding method for Bulk, small doses of the drug, the kinds of drugs, according to the doctor's orders electronic, automatic press "per daily dosage or amount X number of doses" of the drug per day calculated as the total amount, and then calculate the number of unit dose or pharmacy drugs need to send out a drug dispensing unit, dispensing number of days required in the implementation of orders, dispensing intervals in days;

例如:胰岛素的发药单位单位为瓶,每瓶剂量为100U,长期医嘱为每次剂量10u,每天用药2次。 For example: insulin dispensing unit in units of bottles each dose of 100U, long-term prescription for each dose 10u, medication twice a day. 按医嘱计算取整方法计算,应该每5天发一瓶胰岛素,按发药数量计价; The orders calculation method of calculating the rounding should be made every 5 days insulin bottle, according to the number of dispensing meter;

单次计算取整方法,适用于单次使用,拆分后无法使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的处方或医嘱,对于处方或医嘱上药品的每次的用药剂量计算,若每次用药的剂量不等于发药单位的剂量的整数倍,自动对药品的每次发药数量取整,取整方法是只进不舍;再根据每次用药的发药数量,计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的发药数量;例如:某注射药物发药单位最小单位为支,每支剂量为10ml,病人每次用药剂量为3ml,每天用药3次,用药天数为2天,单次计算取整方法计算,每次用药数量为I支,发药数量为6支。 Single rounding calculation method suitable for single use, the drug can not be used after the split, the kinds of drugs, according to a doctor's prescription or orders for prescription drugs or prescription medication per dose calculation, if each doses of medication is not equal to an integer multiple of a unit dose dispensing, automatic dispensing of drug per amount of rounding, rounding is only into sadness; then the number of each dispensing medication, a prescription is calculated or a number of dispensing orders; for example: a dispensing unit of the injectable pharmaceutical branched minimum unit, each dose of 10ml, the patient per dose to 3ml, drug 3 times a day, the number of treatment days 2 days, taking a single computing The method of calculating a whole, the number of each drug is I branch, the number of dispensing of six.

[0012] 总量计算取整方法,用于每个发药单位,可多次使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的处方或医嘱,对于处方或医嘱上药品的多次用药计算用药总剂量或数量,若总剂量或数量不是发药单位总剂量或数量的整数倍时,就自动取整,取整方法是只进不舍,计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的发药数量; [0012] The total amount of rounding calculation method for each of the dispensing units, the drugs can be used repeatedly, the kinds of drugs, according to a doctor's prescription orders or, for multiple dose prescription drugs or prescription medication calculated total dose or amount, if not the total dose or amount dose or the total number of dispensing units of an integral multiple, automatically rounding, rounding-only method is to give up, count the number of dispensing a prescription or a medical advice;

例如:某药品发药单位最小单位为瓶,每瓶药品100ml,病人每次用10ml,每天用药3 次,用药天数为2天。 For example: a pharmaceutical dispensing unit is the smallest unit of bottles of pharmaceuticals 100ml, with each patient 10ml, 3 times a day medication, medication for several days to two days. 计算总量应为60ml,按重总量计算取整方法计算,发药数量为I瓶(100 ml)。 Calculating the total amount should be 60ml, the total weight calculated by rounding calculation method, the number of drug is made I bottle (100 ml).

处方计算取整方法,适用每个发药单位,可多次使用的药品,且一张处方或一次医嘱有不同分组的多个相同药品情况,对该种药品,根据处方或医嘱,计算多组中同一药品的用总药剂量或数量,若药品的全部用药总剂量或数量不等于发药单位的整数倍,自动按药品的总数量自动取整,取整方法是只进不舍;计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的药品的发药总数 Prescription rounding calculation method for each of the dispensing units, the drug can be used repeatedly, and a plurality of prescription orders or one of the same packets of different drugs, the kind of the drugs, or prescription orders, calculating a plurality of sets in the same drug dose or the total amount, if all of the drug or the total amount of drug dose is not equal to an integer multiple of the dispensing unit, the total number of drugs automatic automatic rounding, rounding is only into sadness; calculated the total number of dispensing a prescription or a doctor of medicine

例如:某药品发药单位为瓶,每瓶剂量为10mg,处方中该药品分2组使用,每组用4mg, 每天用药2次,用药天数为3天。 For example: a dispensing unit pharmaceutical bottles each dose is 10mg, the prescription drugs used divided into two groups, each with 4mg, medication twice a day, days 3 days medication. 计算用药剂量应为24mg,按处方计算取整方法计算,发药数量为3瓶(30 mg)。 Should be calculated dose 24mg, calculated prescription rounding calculation method, the drug quantity made of 3 bottles (30 mg).

[0013] 单天总量计算取整方法:计算出全天多张处方或多次次医嘱的药品的发药总数量;若药品的全部用药总剂量或数量不等于发药单位的整数倍,自动按药品的总数量自动取整,取整方法也是只进不舍;计算出一天全部处方或医嘱的药品的发药总数量; [0013] The total amount of calculation method of rounding a single day: day calculate the total number of a plurality of prescription or dispensing of the prescription drugs multiple times; the total dose of all drugs or drugs if the number is not equal to an integer multiple of the dispensing unit, the total number of drugs by automatic automatic rounding, rounding methods are only into sadness; calculated one day total number of all prescription drugs or prescription drugs hair;

例如:某药品发药单位为瓶,每瓶剂量为50mg。 For example: a dispensing unit pharmaceutical bottles each dose is 50mg. 一天中下达了二次医嘱:一次医嘱,每次用药剂量为15mg,每天用药2次,用药天数为2天;另一次医嘱每次用药剂量为25mg, 每天用药I次,用药天数为I天。 The day issued a second doctor: a doctor's advice, each dose is 15mg, 2 times a day medication, medication for several days to two days; another dose of each drug prescription 25mg, medication I times a day, medication for several days I days. 按单天总量计算取整方法计算,总剂量为55mg,取整发药数量为2瓶。 The total amount of a single day rounding calculation method of calculating a total dose of 55mg, hair quantity rounding agent is 2 bottles.

[0014] 计算不取整方法:适用每个发药单位与每次用药单位相同,或不需要计算发药数量的药品。 [0014] The method of calculation is not rounding: for each dispensing unit and each unit of the same drug, or no need to calculate the number of dispensing drugs. 对该种药品,根据医生的处方或医嘱,完全按“每次用药剂量或数量X每天用药次数”的方式计算出用药的总量,不作任何取整处理,即计算出的数量就是发药数量。 The kinds of drugs, according to the doctor's prescription or orders, exactly "the number of daily dosage of each drug or the number of X" is calculated as the total amount of the drug, without any rounding process, i.e., the number of the calculated amount of drug is made .

[0015] 例如VBl片,发药单位为片,每片10mg。 [0015] For example VBl sheet dispensing unit as tablets, each 10mg. 处方中,病人每次用10mg,每天用药3次, 用药天数为3天。 Prescription, the patient each with 10mg, 3 times a day medication, medication for several days to 3 days. 计算发药量为总量应为90mg,按重总计算不取整方法计算,发药数量为90mg (9 片)。 Dispensing an amount of calculation should be calculated as the total amount of 90mg, calculated as total weight of no rounding method, the number of hair agent is 90mg (9 tablets).

[0016] 上列详细说明是针对本发明之一可行实施例的具体说明,该实施例并非用以限制本发明的专利范围,凡未脱离本发明所为的等效实施或变更,均应包含于本案的专利范围中。 [0016] the above detailed description are specifically described for an embodiment of the present invention, one possible, this embodiment is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention patent, or who have not changed from the equivalent embodiment of the present invention, it should be included in the case of patentable scope.

Claims (3)

1.一种智能化计算临床药品发药量的方法,其特征在于,步骤如下:步骤一,对药品“发药单位”、“发药单位剂量”、“单次用药剂量”及药品取整方法进行确步骤二,输入或接收入药品品种、药品单次用药剂量、药品每天用次、用药天数;步骤三,根据药品数量计算取整的方法,计算药品的发药数量。 1. A method of dispensing drugs in clinical Intelligent calculation amount, characterized by the following steps: a step for drugs "dispensing unit", "dispensing unit dose", "single dose" drugs and rounding method for the two-input or received into varieties of drugs, a single dose drugs, drug treatment is determined in step numbers, times every day, days; step three, the number of drugs according to the method of calculating the rounding of the calculated number of dispensing drugs.
2.根据权利要求I所述的一种智能化计算临床药品发药量的方法,其特征在于,药品取整的方法包括:医嘱计算取整方法,适用于大包装,小剂量使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的电子医嘱,自动按“每次用药剂量或数量X每日用药次数”的方式计算出每天用药的总量,再根据药品的药房单位剂量或数量计算出需要发一个发药单位的药品,需要发药的间隔天数,在执行医嘱时,按间隔天数发药;单次计算取整方法,适用于单次使用,拆分后无法使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的处方或医嘱,对于处方或医嘱上药品的每次的用药剂量计算,若每次用药的剂量不等于发药单位的剂量的整数倍,自动对药品的每次发药数量取整,取整方法是只进不舍;再根据每次用药的发药数量,计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的发药数量;总量计算取整方法,用于每个发药 The method according to an intelligent I clinical drugs and medicine calculation of the amount claimed in claim, characterized in that the pharmaceutical rounding method comprising: calculating orders rounding method for Bulk, small doses of the drug, the kinds of drugs, according to the doctor's orders electronic, automatic press "X per daily dosage or frequency of administration number" calculated as the total amount of drug per day, and then calculate the need to send a unit dose or amount of drugs of pharmacy dispensing unit drugs required number of days dispensing of, when executed orders, according to the number of days between dispensing; single calculation rounding method is suitable for single use, the drug can not be used after the split, the kinds of drugs, by a doctor's prescription or prescription, for each dose of prescription drugs or prescription calculated, if the dose of each drug is not equal to an integer multiple of a unit dose dispensing, automatic dispensing of drug per amount of rounding, rounding method only into sadness; then the number of each medication dispensing calculates a prescription or dispensing a number of orders; rounding amount calculating method for each dispensing 单位,可多次使用的药品,对该种药品,按医生的处方或医嘱,对于处方或医嘱上药品的多次用药计算用药总剂量或数量,若总剂量或数量不是发药单位总剂量或数量的整数倍时,就自动取整,取整方法是只进不舍,计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的发药数量;处方计算取整方法,适用每个发药单位,可多次使用的药品,且一张处方或一次医嘱有不同分组的多个相同药品情况,对该种药品,根据处方或医嘱,计算多组中同一药品的用总药剂量或数量,若药品的全部用药总剂量或数量不等于发药单位的整数倍,自动按药品的总数量自动取整,取整方法是只进不舍;计算出一张处方或一次医嘱的药品的发药总数单天总量计算取整方法:计算出全天多张处方或多次次医嘱的药品的发药总数量;若药品的全部用药总剂量或数量不等于发药单位的整数倍,自动按 Units, multi-use drugs, the kinds of drugs, according to a doctor's prescription or a doctor's advice, many times for medication on prescription drugs or prescription medication calculate the total dose or amount, or if the number is not the total dose dispensing unit or a total dose the number of integer multiple of automatically rounding, rounding is only into sadness, calculate a prescription or dispensing quantity of a doctor; prescription rounding calculation method for each dispensing unit can be used repeatedly drugs, a doctor and a prescription or a plurality of different packets with the same drugs case, the kinds of drugs, or prescription orders, calculating the total dose or amount of a plurality of sets of the same drug, if the total of all drug treatment dose or amount is not equal to an integer multiple of the dispensing unit, the total number of drugs automatically automatic rounding, rounding is only into sadness; single calculated total days of a prescription drug or a total number of prescription medicines is calculated rounding method: calculate the total number of dispensing more than one day or multiple times a drug prescription orders; the entire drug dose or the total amount if the drug is not equal to an integral multiple of the dispensing unit, automatic press 品的总数量自动取整, 取整方法也是只进不舍;计算出一天全部处方或医嘱的药品的发药总数量;计算不取整方法:适用每个发药单位与每次用药单位相同,或不需要计算发药数量的药品。 Total Quantity automatic rounding, rounding methods are only into sadness; calculate the total number of dispensing one day all the drugs or prescription orders; calculating rounding method is not: for each dispensing unit and each dosage unit of the same , hair or no need to calculate the number of drug medicines.
3.对该种药品,根据医生的处方或医嘱,完全按“每次用药剂量或数量X每天用药次数”的方式计算出用药的总量,不作任何取整处理,即计算出的数量就是发药数量。 3. the kinds of drugs, according to the doctor's prescription or orders, exactly "the number of daily dosage of each drug or the number of X" is calculated as the total amount of the drug, without any rounding process, i.e., the number of hair is calculated the number of drugs.
CN2012100216990A 2012-01-31 2012-01-31 Method for intelligently calculating dispensing amount of clinical drugs CN102609617A (en)

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