CN102599139B - Method for making external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil - Google Patents

Method for making external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102599139B
CN102599139B CN2012100861181A CN201210086118A CN102599139B CN 102599139 B CN102599139 B CN 102599139B CN 2012100861181 A CN2012100861181 A CN 2012100861181A CN 201210086118 A CN201210086118 A CN 201210086118A CN 102599139 B CN102599139 B CN 102599139B
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
sealing plate
hole
central shaft
cylindrical conduit
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012100861181A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102599139A (en
Inventor
金白云
章东林
管永祥
王傲乾
许庆华
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JIANGSU NONGSHENG WASTE RECYCLING CO., LTD.
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JIANGSU HUAHAI AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012100861181A priority Critical patent/CN102599139B/en
Publication of CN102599139A publication Critical patent/CN102599139A/en
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Publication of CN102599139B publication Critical patent/CN102599139B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for making an external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil. According to the technical scheme, the method is characterized in that the external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil comprises a cylindrical tube, a flange, a feed hopper, a sterilization and disinfestation chamber, a spiral conveying vane, a center shaft, seal plates, seal rings, a discharge pipe, an exhaust pipe, thermocouples, bearing blocks, a coupling and a variable speed motor. The external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil is used for sterilizing and disinfesting the soil by external heating, flame is not in direct contact with the soil, and accordingly relative stable temperature of the soil can be maintained, the effect of sterilization and disinfestation is improved, loss of effective ingredients of the soil is reduced, production cost is low, efficiency is high, and continuous sterilization and disinfestation are available. By using the external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil, pathogens, nematodes and weed seeds in the soil can be successively killed with no need of pesticides, and accordingly the ecological environment can be protected from pollution. The external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil is suitable for sterilization, disinfestation and drying of the soil.

Description

The preparation method of external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the soil sterilization insect-killing device, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method of external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device.
Background technology
Be generally used for potted plant soil and do not need special sterilization and sterilizing, as long as can reach the effect of sterilization and sterilizing through sunlight exposure, but the soil for cuttage and sowing will strictly carry out disinfection and sterilizing, because germ is easily invaded in the flowers and trees body from the wound of cuttings, cause plant to rot, affect survival rate, concerning sowing, the harsh bud gone out, resistance is very weak, microorganism often causes it mouldy, reduces bud ratio.
Due to the growth of the Greenhouse time limit and the ubiquity of continuous cropping phenomenon; cause soil serious deterioration to occur; many destructive diseases occur in a large number; the generation of root knot nematode disease is in rising trend in recent years; with melon, tomato and celery, attached most importance to by harm; diseased plant often reaches 30%~60%, the underproduction 20%~40%, and indivedual vegetables underproduction reach more than 80%.
Soil sterilization killing method commonly used has high-temperature sterilization, boiling sterilization and three kinds of methods of medicament sterilizing, these conventional sterilization operation periods are long, consuming cost is high, yield poorly and labour intensity large, can not adapt to fast and the commercial operations demand of batch production.
Chinese patent Granted publication CN 201595115 U, on October 06 2010 Granted publication day, name is called " high-temperature sterilizing insecticidal baking oven ", discloses a kind of high-temperature sterilizing insecticidal baking oven, comprises soil hoisting equipment, soil discharger and soil apparatus for baking, be provided with the soil hoisting equipment that soil is delivered into to cabinets cavity by casing, the casing rear portion is provided with the soil discharger that is communicated with cabinets cavity, casing is provided with for toasting the soil apparatus for baking of soil in the soil discharger, utilize the method for physics high temperature control, be applied in agricultural production, alternative agricultural chemicals carries out the control of damage by disease and insect and various germs, not only effectively raise the control efficiency of damage by disease and insect and various germs, and prevent agricultural chemicals after using a large amount of residual and volatilizations to soil, the harm of environment and human body health, reach improvement soil, protection of the environment, improve output and the quality of China crops comprehensively, guarantee agriculture sustainable development.
The weak point of above-mentioned patent is: the flame of " soil apparatus for baking " reverberatory furnace directly contacts with soil, can not keep soil is toasted uniformly, and high-temperature baking is easy to the granular structure of spoiled soil, and can cause soil compaction, affect growing of plant.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome weak point in prior art, a kind of preparation method of external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is provided.
External heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is a Horizontal Cylindrical Tank, cylindrical conduit, flange, feed hopper, sterilizing pesticide chamber, spiral conveying blade, central shaft, sealing plate, sealing ring, discharge nozzle, blast pipe, thermocouple, bearing block, shaft coupling and buncher, consists of.
The present invention is achieved by following technical proposals:
1, external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is a Horizontal Cylindrical Tank of making of metal, a foursquare hole will be opened directly over the cylindrical conduit right side, a feed hopper of outer top welding of hole, open the hole of a circle directly over the cylindrical conduit left side, a blast pipe of outer top welding of hole, cylindrical conduit is opened a foursquare hole under left side, a discharge nozzle of outer lower side welding of hole, described feed hopper and discharge nozzle are all the funnels of an open type, and blast pipe is a straight-through pipe.
At a right sealing plate of cylindrical conduit right side welding, the hole of a circle is opened at the center of right sealing plate, for the mounting center axle, places a right sealing ring between right sealing plate and central shaft.
Central shaft is a hollow steel pipe, spiral conveying blade is welded on the periphery of steel pipe, the direction of rotation of advancing of spiral conveying blade is for clockwise, first the central shaft after welding is put into to cylindrical conduit, pass through from the hole of right sealing plate circle, right the installation of TC is in the middle and upper part of right sealing plate, the dial plate of right thermocouple is on the right side of right sealing plate, the right bearing seat is arranged on the right inside end of central shaft, and shaft coupling is arranged on the right top of central shaft, and central shaft links by shaft coupling and buncher.
At a flange of cylindrical conduit left side welding, left sealing plate is connected with flange with bolt, left the installation of TC is in the middle and upper part of left sealing plate, the dial plate of left thermocouple is in the left side of left sealing plate, the hole of a circle is opened at the center of left sealing plate, for the mounting center axle, places a left sealing ring between left sealing plate and central shaft, in cylindrical conduit, be the sterilizing pesticide chamber, left shaft holder is arranged on the left end of central shaft.
External heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is arranged in the pot arch be complementary with it, start buncher after lighting the fuel of pot arch, central shaft in cylindrical conduit starts to rotate, from feed hopper, add sterilizing pesticide indoor in soil before sterilizing pesticide not yet, flame in pot arch carries out external heat to cylindrical conduit, its heat indirectly is transferred to the indoor soil of sterilizing pesticide by cylindrical conduit, after the indoor temperature of sterilizing pesticide surpasses 60 degrees centigrade, germ and nematode in soil will be killed successively, reach the effect of sterilizing pesticide, soil after sterilizing pesticide flows out from discharge nozzle, steam in the sterilizing pesticide process in soil is discharged from blast pipe.
Left sealing plate is connected with flange with bolt, is conducive to the central shaft in external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device and spiral conveying blade are dismantled maintenance and installed.
Two of left and right thermocouple is for the actual temperature of soil sterilization desinsection process in measurement mechanism, and in order to selecting the best temperature of heating that the germ in soil and nematode are killed, and the granular structure of energy soil protection is not damaged.
External heat soil sterilization insect-killing device adopts external heating mode to carry out sterilizing pesticide to soil, external heat flame does not directly contact with soil, be conducive to keep metastable temperature in soil, improve the effect of sterilizing pesticide, reduce the loss of soil effective ingredient, production cost is low, efficiency is high, can continuity be produced, easy to use, save time and increase the economic benefit of enterprise, being conducive to commercialization and applying.
After external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device sterilizing pesticide; the seed of germ in soil, nematode and weeds can be killed successively; be applicable to cuttage and the sowing of flowers, nursery stock, vegetables; improve the bud ratio of seed; reduce the germination rate of weeds, guarantee that the normal growth of flowers, nursery stock and vegetables is grown.
Use external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device to carry out sterilizing pesticide to soil, do not need to use agricultural chemicals, just can reach the effect of sterilizing pesticide, be conducive to preserve the ecological environment not contaminated.
External heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is applicable to sterilizing pesticide and the oven dry of various soil.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device, and Fig. 2 is that the A-A of Fig. 1 is to view.
As shown in the figure: the 1st, blast pipe, the 2nd, cylindrical conduit, the 3rd, the sterilizing pesticide chamber, the 4th, spiral conveying blade, the 5th, the flame in pot arch, the 6th, feed hopper, the 7th, the soil before sterilizing pesticide, the 8th, flange, the 9th, left thermocouple, the 10th, left shaft holder, the 11st, central shaft, the 12nd, left sealing ring, the 13rd, left sealing plate, the 14th, the soil after sterilizing pesticide, the 15th, discharge nozzle, the 16th, right thermocouple, the 17th, right sealing ring, the 18th, the right bearing seat, the 19th, shaft coupling, the 20th, buncher, the 21st, right sealing plate, the 22nd, the direction of rotation of advancing of spiral conveying blade.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described:
1, external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is a Horizontal Cylindrical Tank of making of metal, a foursquare hole will be opened directly over cylindrical conduit 2 right sides, a feed hopper 6 of outer top welding of hole, open the hole of a circle directly over cylindrical conduit 2 left sides, a blast pipe 1 of outer top welding of hole, open a foursquare hole under cylindrical conduit 2 left sides, a discharge nozzle 15 of outer lower side welding of hole, described feed hopper 6 and discharge nozzle 15 are all the funnels of an open type, and blast pipe 1 is a straight-through pipe.
At a right sealing plate 21 of cylindrical conduit 2 right side welding, the hole that right sealing plate 21De opens a circle in center, for mounting center axle 11, place a right sealing ring 17 between right sealing plate 21 and central shaft 11.
Central shaft 11 is hollow steel pipes, spiral conveying blade 4 is welded on the periphery of steel pipe, the direction of rotation 22 of advancing of spiral conveying blade 4 is for clockwise, first the central shaft 11 after welding is put into to cylindrical conduit 2, from the hole of right sealing plate 21 circles, pass through, right thermocouple 16 is arranged on the middle and upper part of right sealing plate 21, the dial plate of right thermocouple 16 is on the right side of right sealing plate 21, right bearing seat 18 is arranged on the right inside end of central shaft 11, shaft coupling 19 is arranged on the right top of central shaft 11, and central shaft 11 links by shaft coupling 19 and buncher 20.
At a flange 8 of cylindrical conduit 2 left side welding, left sealing plate 13 use bolts are connected with flange 8, left thermocouple 9 is arranged on the middle and upper part of left sealing plate 13, the dial plate of left thermocouple 9 is in the left side of left sealing plate 13, the hole that left sealing plate 13De opens a circle in center, for mounting center axle 11, place a left sealing ring 12 between left sealing plate 13 and central shaft 11, in cylindrical conduit 2, be sterilizing pesticide chamber 3, left shaft holder 10 is arranged on the left end of central shaft 11.
External heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is arranged in the pot arch be complementary with it, start buncher 20 after lighting the fuel of pot arch, central shaft 11 in cylindrical conduit 2 starts to rotate, soil 7 before sterilizing pesticide is not yet added in sterilizing pesticide chamber 3 from feed hopper 6, 5 pairs of cylindrical conduit of flame 2 in pot arch are carried out external heat, its heat indirectly is transferred to the soil in sterilizing pesticide chamber 3 by cylindrical conduit 2, after temperature in sterilizing pesticide chamber 3 surpasses 60 degrees centigrade, germ and nematode in soil will be killed successively, reach the effect of sterilizing pesticide, soil 14 after sterilizing pesticide flows out from discharge nozzle 15, steam in the sterilizing pesticide process in soil is discharged from blast pipe 1.

Claims (1)

1. the preparation method of an external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device, it is characterized in that, external heat soil sterilization insect-killing device is a Horizontal Cylindrical Tank of making of metal, a foursquare hole will be opened directly over the cylindrical conduit right side, a feed hopper of outer top welding of hole, open the hole of a circle directly over the cylindrical conduit left side, a blast pipe of outer top welding of hole, cylindrical conduit is opened a foursquare hole under left side, a discharge nozzle of outer lower side welding of hole, described feed hopper and discharge nozzle are all the funnels of an open type, blast pipe is a straight-through pipe,
At a right sealing plate of cylindrical conduit right side welding, the hole of a circle is opened at the center of right sealing plate, for the mounting center axle, places a right sealing ring between right sealing plate and central shaft;
Central shaft is a hollow steel pipe, spiral conveying blade is welded on the periphery of steel pipe, the direction of rotation of advancing of spiral conveying blade is for clockwise, first the central shaft after welding is put into to cylindrical conduit, pass through from the hole of right sealing plate circle, right the installation of TC is in the middle and upper part of right sealing plate, the dial plate of right thermocouple is on the right side of right sealing plate, the right bearing seat is arranged on the right inside end of central shaft, and shaft coupling is arranged on the right top of central shaft, and central shaft links by shaft coupling and buncher;
At a flange of cylindrical conduit left side welding, left sealing plate is connected with flange with bolt, left the installation of TC is in the middle and upper part of left sealing plate, the dial plate of left thermocouple is in the left side of left sealing plate, the hole of a circle is opened at the center of left sealing plate, for the mounting center axle, places a left sealing ring between left sealing plate and central shaft, in cylindrical conduit, be the sterilizing pesticide chamber, left shaft holder is arranged on the left end of central shaft.
CN2012100861181A 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Method for making external-heating sterilizing insecticidal device for soil Expired - Fee Related CN102599139B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542549B (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-17 内蒙古工业大学 Solar insect-killing bactericidal unit based on light and heat collection
CN105265423B (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-11-03 内蒙古工业大学 Optically focused heated type solar energy soil disinfection insect-killing device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201154842Y (en) * 2007-12-28 2008-11-26 化工部长沙设计研究院 High-temperature conveyor for adhesive material
CN201595115U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-10-06 李玉玲 Drying oven for sterilizing and insect-killing under high temperature
CN202169165U (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-03-21 黑龙江省科学院石油化学研究院 Screw feeder for powder materials

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JP3379919B2 (en) * 1999-04-21 2003-02-24 知床クリーンサービス有限会社 Soil heat treatment equipment
JP2004033039A (en) * 2002-06-28 2004-02-05 Takashi Ichihara Soil sterilization apparatus
JP3845056B2 (en) * 2002-11-08 2006-11-15 株式会社東條製作所 Heat pipe and heating device and cooling device using the heat pipe
JP2006166835A (en) * 2004-12-17 2006-06-29 Nst:Kk Soil disinfection apparatus
CN201072962Y (en) * 2007-07-11 2008-06-18 李玉玲 Soil disinfection high-temperature sterilization destroying intectinal worms vehicle
CN201182064Y (en) * 2008-04-07 2009-01-21 孙国宏 Soil high-temperature toxicity-killing machine
CN201238553Y (en) * 2008-08-14 2009-05-20 王宝宗 High-temperature disinsection heating oven

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201154842Y (en) * 2007-12-28 2008-11-26 化工部长沙设计研究院 High-temperature conveyor for adhesive material
CN201595115U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-10-06 李玉玲 Drying oven for sterilizing and insect-killing under high temperature
CN202169165U (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-03-21 黑龙江省科学院石油化学研究院 Screw feeder for powder materials

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Owner name: JIANGSU NONGSHENG WASTE RECYCLING CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: JIANGSU HUAHAI AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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Address after: Wujin Jiaze town 213148 area in Jiangsu city of Changzhou province Hou Yu Chao Dong Cun

Patentee after: JIANGSU NONGSHENG WASTE RECYCLING CO., LTD.

Address before: Jiaze town Wujin District Jiangsu city Changzhou province 213148 Yuejin Village

Patentee before: Jiangsu Huahai Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.

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Granted publication date: 20131204

Termination date: 20170328