CN102598991B - Method for prolonging flowering phase of lavender - Google Patents

Method for prolonging flowering phase of lavender Download PDF

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CN102598991B
CN102598991B CN 201210087259 CN201210087259A CN102598991B CN 102598991 B CN102598991 B CN 102598991B CN 201210087259 CN201210087259 CN 201210087259 CN 201210087259 A CN201210087259 A CN 201210087259A CN 102598991 B CN102598991 B CN 102598991B
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lavender
shading
bloom stage
shading screen
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CN102598991A (en
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陈勇明
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CHANGSHU JIASHENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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CHANGSHU JIASHENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for prolonging flowering phase of lavender, which includes fertilizing, exposure to light and hormone management. According to the growth characteristics of lavender, light shielding is performed before and after the flowering phase, so that lavender is grown in the semi-proper environment, nutrient consumption is lowered. In addition, fertilizing management for lavender is performed, so that more nutrients and photosynthate are transferred to productive organs for flower bud differentiation, and the flowering phase of lavender is prolonged.

Description

A kind of method that prolongs the lavender florescence
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is the method that prolongs the lavender florescence.
Background technology
Lavender ( Lavandula pedunculata) belong to Labiatae lavender genus, originate in Mediterranean, European various places and Oceania archipelago, rear quilt is extensively planted in Britain and Yugoslavia.Its leaf pattern is graceful elegant, and bluish violet inflorescence grain husk is long beautiful, is a kind of new perennial cold-resistant flowers in the garden, and suitable flower footpath group planting or hedge planting also can potted plantly be viewed and admired.Lavender has been quite general vanilla just at Roman period, because its effect is maximum, is called as " after the vanilla ".Just be widely used in the medical treatment, stem and Ye Douke are used as medicine from ancient times, and the effect of stomach invigorating, sweating, pain relieving is arranged, and are the good medicine for the treatment of cold, stomachache, eczema.Other has TV play, film, poem etc. as name.Along with the day by day raising of people's living standard, flowers become one of main jewelry of beautifying the environment, and lavender is more and more favored, and people are also more and more higher to the requirement of flowers, not only require flourishing, pattern is gorgeous, also requires the fragrance of a flower pleasant, spend often open unbeaten.Yet, the present report that does not also prolong the effective technology at lavender florescence.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to existing deficiency a kind of method that prolongs the lavender florescence is provided.
The present invention realizes above-mentioned purpose by the following method.
A kind of method that prolongs the lavender florescence may further comprise the steps:
(1) illumination management: 5-7 days begin to select 80% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment before initial bloom stage, 5-7 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind initial bloom stage, begin to select 50% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment after entering full-bloom stage, 20-25 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind the full-bloom stage; Described 80% shading screen, 65% shading screen, 50% shading screen are respectively light transmittance 80%, 65%, 50%;
(2) fertilizing management: after blooming, every mu of fertilising 35kg divides to impose initial bloom stage 15kg, full-bloom stage 10kg, Flowers ending 10kg three times; Described fertilizer is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: colza cake 20-23 part, straw 3-6 part, corn flour 5-7 part, sorghum flour 6-8 part, bean cake powder 4-6 part, cotton seed hull 5-8 part, composite bacteria agent capable 2-4 part, fulvic acid 4-8 part, normal superphosphate 6-9 part, white vitriol 6-10 part, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 6-8 part, urea 8.6-10.5 part, corn starch-acrylic copolymer 1-4 part, rare earth element 4-7 part, carbofuran 0.6-1.0 part, carbendazim 0.5-0.7 part; Described composite bacteria agent capable is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: saccharomycete 4-6 part, wooden mould 1-3 part, false pseudomonas bacillus 1-3 part, actinomycetes 2-4 part; Described rare earth element is the nitrate of lanthanum, cerium or in the sulphate one or both;
(3) hormone management: spray the 300-500mg/L paclobutrazol once at initial bloom stage.
The described fertilizer of step (2) preferably is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 22 parts of colza cakes, 4 parts of straws, 6 parts of corn flour, 7 parts of sorghum flours, 5 parts of bean cake powders, 6 parts of cotton seed hulls, 3 parts of composite bacteria agent capables, 6 parts of fulvic acids, 7 parts of normal superphosphates, 8 parts of white vitriols, 7 parts of ferrous sulfate heptahydrates, 9.5 parts in urea, 3 parts of corn starch-acrylic copolymers, 5 parts in rare earth element, 0.8 part of carbofuran, 0.6 part of carbendazim; Described composite bacteria agent capable preferably is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 5 parts in saccharomycete, mould 2 parts of wood, 2 parts of false pseudomonas bacillus, 3 parts in actinomycetes.
Wherein, the application comes the florescence is distinguished according to following standard: initial bloom stage is in full bloom as sign take 10% plant, 10% bud, and full-bloom stage is in full bloom as sign take 50% plant, 50% bud, and Flowers ending withers as sign take 90% plant, 90% flower.
Beneficial effect
The present invention has the following advantages:
(1), to utilize lavender be full sun plant, half warm tolerance, good nice and cool characteristic in the present invention, carrying out shading treatment around the florescence, lavender is grown in half adapt circumstance, reduced the consumption of nutrient, simultaneously lavender is carried out fertilizing management, thereby make more nutriment and photosynthetic product transfer to reproductive organs, carry out flower bud differentiation, thereby prolonged the florescence of lavender;
(2) fertilizer that adopts in the fertilizing management of the present invention can satisfy the required various nutrient components of lavender growth, and nonpoisonous and tasteless, safe and reliable, fertilizer efficiency is lasting, the effective trace element deficiency of control seedling, make flower growth flourishing, pattern is gorgeous; In addition, set up desinsection, sterilization component at fertilizer, under the prerequisite that increases the soil organic matter, reduced the probability of plant infection damage by disease and insect.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with embodiment, and following each embodiment only is used for explanation the present invention, to not restriction of the present invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of method that prolongs the lavender florescence is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) illumination management: began to select 80% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment in front 5 days at initial bloom stage, 5 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind initial bloom stage, begin to select 50% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment after entering full-bloom stage, 20 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind the full-bloom stage; Described 80% shading screen, 65% shading screen, 50% shading screen are respectively light transmittance 80%, 65%, 50%;
(2) fertilizing management: after blooming, every mu of fertilising 35kg divides to impose initial bloom stage 15kg, full-bloom stage 10kg, Flowers ending 10kg three times; Described fertilizer is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 20 parts of colza cakes, 3 parts of straws, 5 parts of corn flour, 6 parts of sorghum flours, 4 parts of bean cake powders, 5 parts of cotton seed hulls, 2 parts of composite bacteria agent capables, 4 parts of fulvic acids, 6 parts of normal superphosphates, 6 parts of white vitriols, 6 parts of ferrous sulfate heptahydrates, 8.6 parts in urea, 1 part of corn starch-acrylic copolymer, 4 parts in rare earth element, 0.6 part of carbofuran, 0.5 part of carbendazim; Described composite bacteria agent capable is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 4 parts in saccharomycete, mould 1 part of wood, 1 part of false pseudomonas bacillus, 2 parts in actinomycetes; Described rare earth element is the nitrate of lanthanum, cerium or in the sulphate one or both;
(3) hormone management: spray the 300mg/L paclobutrazol once at initial bloom stage.
Embodiment two
A kind of method that prolongs the lavender florescence is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) illumination management: began to select 80% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment in front 7 days at initial bloom stage, 7 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind initial bloom stage, begin to select 50% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment after entering full-bloom stage, 25 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind the full-bloom stage; Described 80% shading screen, 65% shading screen, 50% shading screen are respectively light transmittance 80%, 65%, 50%;
(2) fertilizing management: after blooming, every mu of fertilising 35kg divides to impose initial bloom stage 15kg, full-bloom stage 10kg, Flowers ending 10kg three times; Described fertilizer is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 23 parts of colza cakes, 6 parts of straws, 7 parts of corn flour, 8 parts of sorghum flours, 6 parts of bean cake powders, 8 parts of cotton seed hulls, 4 parts of composite bacteria agent capables, 8 parts of fulvic acids, 9 parts of normal superphosphates, 10 parts of white vitriols, 8 parts of ferrous sulfate heptahydrates, 10.5 parts in urea, 4 parts of corn starch-acrylic copolymers, 7 parts in rare earth element, 1.0 parts of carbofurans, 0.7 part of carbendazim; Described composite bacteria agent capable is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 6 parts in saccharomycete, mould 3 parts of wood, 3 parts of false pseudomonas bacillus, 4 parts in actinomycetes; Described rare earth element is the nitrate of lanthanum, cerium or in the sulphate one or both;
(3) hormone management: spray the 500mg/L paclobutrazol once at initial bloom stage.
Embodiment three
A kind of method that prolongs the lavender florescence may further comprise the steps:
(1) illumination management: began to select 80% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment in front 6 days at initial bloom stage, 6 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind initial bloom stage, begin to select 50% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment after entering full-bloom stage, 22 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind the full-bloom stage; Described 80% shading screen, 65% shading screen, 50% shading screen are respectively light transmittance 80%, 65%, 50%;
(2) fertilizing management: after blooming, every mu of fertilising 35kg divides to impose initial bloom stage 15kg, full-bloom stage 10kg, Flowers ending 10kg three times; Described fertilizer is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 22 parts of colza cakes, 4 parts of straws, 6 parts of corn flour, 7 parts of sorghum flours, 5 parts of bean cake powders, 6 parts of cotton seed hulls, 3 parts of composite bacteria agent capables, 6 parts of fulvic acids, 7 parts of normal superphosphates, 8 parts of white vitriols, 7 parts of ferrous sulfate heptahydrates, 9.5 parts in urea, 3 parts of corn starch-acrylic copolymers, 5 parts in rare earth element, 0.8 part of carbofuran, 0.6 part of carbendazim; Described composite bacteria agent capable preferably is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 5 parts in saccharomycete, mould 2 parts of wood, 2 parts of false pseudomonas bacillus, 3 parts in actinomycetes; Described rare earth element is the nitrate of lanthanum, cerium or in the sulphate one or both;
(3) hormone management: spray the 400mg/L paclobutrazol once at initial bloom stage.
As test material, the technical scheme of 3 embodiment has prolonged respectively 15,18,20 days with the florescence of narrow leaf lavender with narrow leaf lavender.
The preferred embodiment that the above-mentioned inventor of being provides the invention is not restricted to these embodiment.Prescription of the present invention can carry out adjustment of formula according to the location soil status, all can reach promising result.

Claims (2)

1. a method that prolongs the lavender florescence is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) illumination management: 5-7 days begin to select 80% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment before initial bloom stage, 5-7 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind initial bloom stage, begin to select 50% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment after entering full-bloom stage, 20-25 days begin to select 65% shading screen that lavender is carried out shading treatment behind the full-bloom stage; Described 80% shading screen, 65% shading screen, 50% shading screen are respectively light transmittance 80%, 65%, 50%;
(2) fertilizing management: after blooming, every mu of fertilise 35kg divides to impose initial bloom stage 15kg, full-bloom stage 10kg, Flowers ending 10kg three times; Described fertilizer is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: colza cake 20-23 part, straw 3-6 part, corn flour 5-7 part, sorghum flour 6-8 part, bean cake powder 4-6 part, cotton seed hull 5-8 part, composite bacteria agent capable 2-4 part, fulvic acid 4-8 part, normal superphosphate 6-9 part, white vitriol 6-10 part, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 6-8 part, urea 8.6-10.5 part, corn starch-acrylic copolymer 1-4 part, rare earth element 4-7 part, carbofuran 0.6-1.0 part, carbendazim 0.5-0.7 part; Described composite bacteria agent capable is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: saccharomycete 4-6 part, wooden mould 1-3 part, false pseudomonas bacillus 1-3 part, actinomycetes 2-4 part; Described rare earth element is the nitrate of lanthanum, cerium or in the sulphate one or both;
(3) hormone management: spray the 300-500mg/L paclobutrazol once at initial bloom stage.
2. the method at prolongation according to claim 1 lavender florescence, the described fertilizer of step (2) preferably is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 22 parts of colza cakes, 4 parts of straws, 6 parts of corn flour, 7 parts of sorghum flours, 5 parts of bean cake powders, 6 parts of cotton seed hulls, 3 parts of composite bacteria agent capables, 6 parts of fulvic acids, 7 parts of normal superphosphates, 8 parts of white vitriols, 7 parts of ferrous sulfate heptahydrates, 9.5 parts in urea, 3 parts of corn starch-acrylic copolymers, 5 parts in rare earth element, 0.8 part of carbofuran, 0.6 part of carbendazim; Described composite bacteria agent capable preferably is comprised of the composition of following weight ratio: 5 parts in saccharomycete, mould 2 parts of wood, 2 parts of false pseudomonas bacillus, 3 parts in actinomycetes.
CN 201210087259 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Method for prolonging flowering phase of lavender Active CN102598991B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

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CN104938176B (en) * 2015-06-01 2017-09-05 新疆生产建设兵团第四师农业科学研究所 A kind of cultural method for extending the lavender florescence
CN104920039A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-23 山西农业大学 Cultivation method capable of prolonging flowering phase of potentilla reptans var. sericophylla
CN105294218A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-03 青岛百瑞吉生物工程有限公司 Treatment method for lengthening florescence of lavender
CN107258421A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-10-20 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 A kind of method for extending the cercis florescence
CN107371962B (en) * 2017-08-09 2020-12-01 宿州青果知识产权服务有限公司 Planting method for prolonging flowering phase of Chinese redbud

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