CN102595444B - Scheduling method, link imbalance determination method, apparatus and a communication system - Google Patents

Scheduling method, link imbalance determination method, apparatus and a communication system Download PDF

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CN102595444B
CN102595444B CN201210019020.4A CN201210019020A CN102595444B CN 102595444 B CN102595444 B CN 102595444B CN 201210019020 A CN201210019020 A CN 201210019020A CN 102595444 B CN102595444 B CN 102595444B
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base station
serving base
user equipment
data
service
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CN102595444A (en
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郭房富
徐凌峰
郭明媛
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明实施例提供的调度方法、判断链路不平衡的方法、装置及通信系统,涉及通信领域,能够使得用户设备得知每次上传数据的数据量,并通过非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据。 Scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, link imbalance determination method, apparatus and a communication system, relates to the field of communications, the user equipment that enables the amount of data per data uploading, by the non-serving base station and demodulates the user equipment uploads The data. 本实施例的调度方法包括:服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道;所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量;所述服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 Scheduling method according to the present embodiment includes: the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment; service channel between the serving base station demodulating the user equipment, the order of the said user equipment sends authorization information to the user apparatus such that the authorization information according to the amount of data that each upload data; the serving base station transmits the scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station to the reserved resource scheduling user equipment, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulated data.

Description

调度方法、判断链路不平衡的方法、装置及通信系统 Scheduling method, link imbalance determination method, apparatus and a communication system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及,尤其涉及调度方法、判断链路不平衡的方法、装置及通信系统。 [0001] The present invention relates, in particular, relates to a method of scheduling, link imbalance determination method, apparatus and a communication system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]在WCDMA(Wideband Code Divis1n Multiple Access,宽带码分多址)网络中,用户设备可以通过多条无线链路与网络进行通信。 [0002] In the WCDMA (Wideband Code Divis1n Multiple Access, Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) network, the user device may communicate via wireless links with a plurality of networks. 然而,存在这样一种场景,当用户设备处于两个同频小区的软切换区域时,用户设备接收到两个小区基站的下行导频信号强度基本相同,但两个小区基站接收到用户设备的上行接收信号强度会有很大的差异,即服务链路的质量很差,而非服务链路的质量很好,使得服务基站无法向用户设备下发授权信息,从而导致无线网络控制器无法接收到用户设备上传的数据或用户设备每次能够上传的数据量不满足用户的需求,进而无法为用户设备进行正常的服务。 However, there is such a scenario, when the user equipment is in a soft handover region two intra-frequency cells, the user equipment receives a downlink pilot two cell base station pilot signal strength is substantially the same, but the two cell base station to a user equipment an uplink received signal strength will be very different, i.e., poor quality of service link, rather good quality of service link, such that the serving base station can not send authorization information to the user equipment, thereby causing the radio network controller can not receive upload data to the user device or user equipment each time the amount of data that can be uploaded does not meet the needs of users, and thus can not be a normal service for the user equipment.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的实施例提供的调度方法、判断链路不平衡的方法、装置及通信系统,能够使得用户设备得知每次上传数据的数据量,并通过非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据。 [0003] scheduling method embodiments of the present invention provides, link imbalance determination method, apparatus and a communication system, the user equipment that enables the amount of data per data uploading, by the non-serving base station and demodulates the user equipment uploads The data.

[0004] 一方面,本发明实施例提供的调度方法,包括: [0004] In one aspect, the scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0005] 服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道; [0005] The serving base station determines the service channel data service between a base station and user equipment can not be demodulated correctly;

[0006] 所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量; [0006] service control channel between the serving base station and demodulating the user equipment to the user equipment to send the authorization information to a user such that the apparatus according to the authorization data information that each data upload the amount;

[0007] 所述服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0007] The serving base station transmits the scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station to the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduling of resources required to comprise at least the non-serving base station demodulates the data of the credit resources.

[0008] 另一方面,本发明实施例提供的调度方法,包括: [0008] On the other hand, the scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0009] 非服务基站接收来自服务基站的调度指令,所述调度指令为所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的; [0009] non-serving base station receives the scheduling command from the serving base station, the scheduling commands transmitted to the serving base station determines when the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment;

[0010] 所述非服务基站根据所述调度指令为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0010] The non-serving base station to the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulates the data according to the scheduling instructions.

[0011] 另一方面,本发明实施例提供的调度方法,包括: [0011] On the other hand, the scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0012] 用户设备接收来自服务基站的授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 [0012] The user equipment receives the authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that the amount of data per data uploading, the authorization information according to the authorization information to determine the serving base station to the serving base station can not correctly demodulate after a service and a data channel between the user device, the service channel between the base station serving the user equipment demodulates the transmitted.

[0013] 一方面,本发明实施例提供的判断链路不平衡的方法,包括: [0013] In one aspect, a method of determining link imbalance to an embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0014] 服务基站获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量; [0014] The serving base station acquires the link quality between the user equipment;

[0015] 所述服务基站获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,所述非服务链路质量是由所述非服务基站测量的与所述用户设备之间的非服务链路质量; [0015] link quality of the serving base station acquires from a non-serving non-serving base station, the non-serving link quality is a non-service link quality between the base station and the non-serving measured by the user equipment;

[0016] 所述服务基站确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值; [0016] The serving base station determines a difference between the non-serving service link quality and link quality;

[0017] 当所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第一预设门限大于O; [0017] When the non-serving link quality of service with the difference in link quality is greater than a first preset threshold, the serving base station is determined between the base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment with the service service data channel, wherein the first predetermined threshold is greater than O;

[0018]或者, [0018] Alternatively,

[0019] 当所述服务链路质量与所述非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第二预设门限小于O。 [0019] When the link quality of service with the non-serving link quality difference is smaller than a second predetermined threshold, determining the service between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment and the serving base station a data channel, wherein said second predetermined threshold is less than O.

[0020] 一方面,本发明实施例提供的判断链路不平衡的方法,包括: [0020] In one aspect, a method of determining link imbalance to an embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0021] 服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的所述用户设备上传的数据; [0021] the user equipment uploading service data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates the data;

[0022] 所述服务基站判断所述服务基站正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值; [0022] The serving base station determines the ratio of the amount of data and the amount of correctly demodulated data uploaded by the user equipment services;

[0023] 当所述正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第一预设比例介于O到I之间;或者, [0023] When the ratio of the amount of data to be demodulated correctly to the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment is less than a first predetermined ratio, the serving base station determines the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment service data channel between said first predetermined ratio ranging between O to I; or

[0024] 当所述用户设备上传的数据量与所述正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第二预设比例大于I。 [0024] When the ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment and the correct amount of data is greater than a second preset demodulated ratio, the serving base station determines the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment service data channel between the second predetermined ratio is greater than I.

[0025] 一方面,本发明实施例提供一种服务基站,包括: [0025] In one aspect, embodiments of the present invention provides a service base station, comprising:

[0026] 第一解调器,用于确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道; When [0026] The first demodulator, for determining the service data channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, the demodulated service channel between the user equipment;

[0027] 第一发送器,用于向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,以及向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0027] The first transmitter for transmitting authorization information to the user equipment, a user device such that the data amount of each upload data according to the authorization information, and transmitting the scheduling command to the non-serving base station to such that the non-serving base station to the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0028] 另一方面,本发明实施例提供一种非服务基站,包括: [0028] On the other hand, embodiments of the present invention provides a non-serving base station, comprising:

[0029] 第二接收器,用于接收来自服务基站的调度指令,所述调度指令为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的; [0029] a second receiver for receiving a scheduling command from the serving base station, the scheduling command is transmitted to the serving base station determines a data channel between a service can not be correctly demodulated and the user equipment;

[0030] 调度器,用于根据所述调度指令为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0030] The scheduler for scheduling resources reserved for the user equipment according to the instruction scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0031] 另一方面,本发明实施例提供一种用户设备,包括: [0031] On the other hand, embodiments of the present invention provides a user equipment, comprising:

[0032] 第三接收器,用于接收来自服务基站的授权信息,以根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 [0032] The third receiver for receiving authorization information from the serving base station, the authorization information in accordance with the amount of data that each upload data, the authorization information is determined to be the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user when a data channel between the service device, the service after the service transmitted between the base station demodulates the control channel with the user equipment.

[0033] 一方面,本发明实施例提供一种服务基站,包括: [0033] In one aspect, embodiments of the present invention provides a service base station, comprising:

[0034] 获取模块,用于获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,以及获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,所述非服务链路质量是由所述非服务基站测量的与所述用户设备之间的非服务链路质量; [0034] The acquisition module for acquiring a link between the quality of service to the user equipment, and acquires the link quality of a non-serving base station from a non-serving and non-serving the link quality is measured by the non-serving base station and the non-serving link quality between the user equipment;

[0035] 判断模块,用于确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值; [0035] determination means for determining a difference between the non-serving service link quality and link quality;

[0036] 处理模块,用于当所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第一预设门限大于0,或者,当所述服务链路质量与所述非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第二预设门限小于O。 [0036] processing means for when the non-serving link between the quality of service and link quality of the difference is greater than a first preset threshold, the serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly to the user equipment the service data channel, wherein the first predetermined threshold is greater than 0, or when the link quality of service with the non-serving link quality difference is smaller than a second preset threshold, the serving base station can not be determined service data channel between the user equipment correctly demodulate, wherein said second predetermined threshold is less than O.

[0037] 一方面,本发明实施例提供一种服务基站,包括: [0037] In one aspect, embodiments of the present invention provides a service base station, comprising:

[0038] 数据解调模块,用于解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的所述用户设备上传的数据; [0038] The data demodulation module, the data uploaded by the user equipment for service data demodulation and channel between the user equipment;

[0039] 第二判断模块,用于判断正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值; [0039] The second determination module, the ratio of the amount of data and the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment for determining the correct demodulated;

[0040] 第二处理模块,用于当所述正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第一预设比例介于O到I之间,或者,当所述用户设备上传的数据量与所述正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第二预设比例大于I。 [0040] The second processing module, the amount of data for the ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment when the demodulated correctly is less than a first predetermined ratio, determining the serving base station can not correctly demodulated and the service data channel between said user equipment, said first predetermined ratio ranging between O I, or when the amount of data of the user equipment and the amount of data uploaded correctly demodulated ratio larger than second preset ratio, the serving base station determines not be demodulated service data channel between the user equipment correctly, the second predetermined ratio is greater than I.

[0041] 一方面,本发明实施例提供一种通信系统,包括: [0041] In one aspect, embodiments of the present invention provides a communication system, comprising:

[0042] 服务基站,用于确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,以及向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源; [0042] The serving base station for determining a data service channel between the service channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, the demodulation of the user equipment to transmit the user authorization information to the device so that the said user authorization information equipment according to the amount of data that each upload data, and the non-serving base station sends a scheduling instruction, so that the non-serving base station to the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least the non-serving base station resources required credit demodulated data;

[0043] 非服务基站,用于接收来自所述服务基站的调度指令,所述调度指令为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调所述服务基站与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的,以及根据所述调度指令为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源; When the transmission [0043] non-serving base station for receiving a scheduling command from the serving base station, the scheduling instruction to the serving base station determines not be demodulated service data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment correctly and reserved for the user equipment resource scheduling according to the scheduling command, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulated data;

[0044] 用户设备,用于接收来自所述服务基站的授权信息,根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调所述服务基站与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 [0044] the user equipment, for receiving authorization information from the serving base station, each time that the amount of data uploaded data, the authorization information is determined according to the authorization information is not correctly demodulate the serving base station serving the when the service data channel between the base station and the user equipment, the service transmits the service after the channel between the base station and demodulating the user equipment.

[0045] 本发明实施例提供的调度方法、判断链路不平衡的方法、装置及通信系统,通过当服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,并向非服务基站发送调度指令,从而,用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站根据调度指令为用户设备预留调度资源。 [0045] The scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, link imbalance determination method, apparatus and a communication system, is determined by the serving base station when the service data channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, and the demodulated base station serving service channel between the user equipment to transmit the user authorization information to the apparatus, and the non-serving base station transmits the scheduling command, so that, each time the amount of data that the user equipment uploading data, the non-serving base station based on the scheduling grant information according to instructions user equipment reserved for scheduling resources. 通过该方案,即使用户设备处于软切换区域,也能够使得用户设备得知每次上传数据的数据量,并通过非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据,进而能够为用户设备进行正常的服务。 With this scheme, even if the user equipment is in a soft handover region, it is possible that the user equipment that the data amount of each upload data, and the user equipment demodulates the data uploaded by the non-serving base station, and further to ensure normal service to the user equipment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0046] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0046] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, briefly introduced hereinafter, embodiments are described below in the accompanying drawings or described in the prior art needed to be used in describing the embodiments the drawings are only some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, can derive from these drawings other drawings.

[0047] 图1为本发明实施例的调度方法流程示意图; [0047] FIG. 1 is a schematic flow scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0048] 图2为本发明实施例的调度方法流程示意图; [0048] FIG. 2 is a schematic flow scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0049] 图3为本发明实施例的调度方法流程示意图; [0049] FIG. 3 is a schematic flow scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0050] 图4为本发明实施例的上行链路不平衡的应用场景示意图; [0050] FIG. 4 is a schematic example of an application scenario of uplink imbalance embodiment of the invention;

[0051] 图5为本发明实施例的调度方法流程示意图一; [0051] FIG 5 is a flowchart of a method embodiment of scheduling a schematic view of the invention;

[0052] 图6为本发明实施例的调度方法流程示意图二; [0052] FIG. 6 flow scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, a schematic view of two;

[0053] 图7为本发明实施例的判断链路不平衡的方法流程示意图一; The method of process [0053] The embodiment of FIG. 7 determines the link imbalance is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0054] 图8为本发明实施例的判断链路不平衡的方法流程示意图二; Determining that the link of Example [0054] Figure 8 is a schematic flowchart of a method of the invention, two imbalance;

[0055] 图9为本发明实施例的服务基站的结构示意图一; Serving base structure [0055] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention, a;

[0056] 图10为本发明实施例的服务基站的结构示意图二; Serving base structure [0056] FIG. 10 is a schematic view of two embodiments of the invention;

[0057] 图11为本发明实施例的服务基站的结构示意图三; Serving base structure [0057] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention III;

[0058] 图12为本发明实施例的非服务基站的结构示意图一; [0058] FIG. 12 structure non-serving base station according to embodiments of the present invention, a schematic diagram;

[0059] 图13为本发明实施例的非服务基站的结构示意图二; Structure [0059] FIG. 13 of the present invention the non-serving base station according to a schematic embodiment of two;

[0060] 图14为本发明实施例的用户设备的结构示意图; [0060] FIG 14 a schematic structural diagram of a user apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0061] 图15为本发明实施例的服务基站的结构不意图二; Serving base structure [0061] 15 embodiment of the present invention is not intended II;

[0062] 图16为本发明实施例的服务基站的结构示意图四; [0062] FIG. 16 structure serving base station according to an embodiment of the present invention, a schematic view of four;

[0063] 图17为本发明实施例的通信系统结构示意图。 [0063] FIG 17 a schematic view of a communication system structure of an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0064] 下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0064] below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments example. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0065] 本文中描述的各种技术可用于各种无线通信系统,例如当前2G,3G通信系统和下一代通信系统,例如全球移动通信系统(GSM,Global System for Mobilecommunicat1ns),码分多址(CDMA, Code Divis1n Multiple Access)系统,时分多址(TDMA, Time Divis1n Multiple Access)系统,宽带码分多址(WCDMA, Wideband CodeDivis1n Multiple Access Wireless),步®分多址(FDMA, Frequency Divis1n MultipleAddressing)系统,正交频分多址(OFDMA,Orthogonal Frequency-Divis1n MultipleAccess)系统,单载波FDMA(SC-FDMA)系统,通用分组无线业务(GPRS,General PacketRad1 Service)系统,长期演进(LTE,Long Term Evolut1n)系统,以及其他此类通信系统。 [0065] Various techniques described herein can be used for various wireless communication systems, such as the current 2G, 3G communications system and a next generation communication system, such as Global System for Mobile (GSM, Global System for Mobilecommunicat1ns), Code Division Multiple Access ( CDMA, Code Divis1n multiple Access) system, a time division multiple access (TDMA, Time Divis1n multiple Access) system, a wideband Code division multiple Access (WCDMA, wideband CodeDivis1n multiple Access Wireless), step ® division multiple access (FDMA, Frequency Divis1n MultipleAddressing) system , orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA, orthogonal frequency-Divis1n MultipleAccess) systems, single carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA) system, a general packet radio service (GPRS, General PacketRad1 service) system, a long Term Evolution (LTE, long Term Evolut1n) systems, and other such communication systems.

[0066] 本文中结合终端和/或基站和/或基站控制器来描述各种方面。 [0066] As used herein in connection with a terminal and / or base station and / or base station controller to describe various aspects.

[0067] 用户设备,可以是无线终端也可以是有线终端,无线终端可以是指向用户提供语音和/或数据连通性的设备,具有无线连接功能的手持式设备、或连接到无线调制解调器的其他处理设备。 [0067] the user equipment, may be a wireless terminal can also be a wired terminal, a wireless terminal may refer to providing voice and connectivity devices / or data, having wireless connection capability, a handheld device, or connected to other processing of the wireless modem device. 无线终端可以经无线接入网(例如,RAN, Rad1 Access Network)与一个或多个核心网进行通信,无线终端可以是移动终端,如移动电话(或称为“蜂窝”电话)和具有移动终端的计算机,例如,可以是便携式、袖珍式、手持式、计算机内置的或者车载的移动装置,它们与无线接入网交换语言和/或数据。 The wireless terminal may communicate with one or more core networks via a radio access network (e.g., RAN, Rad1 Access Network), a wireless terminal may be a mobile terminal such as a mobile phone (or "cellular" telephone) and a mobile terminal computer, for example, may be a portable, pocket, handheld, computer-included, or car mobile device, which the radio access network and exchanges voice and / or data. 例如,个人通信业务(PCS,Personal Communicat1n Service)电话、无绳电话、会话发起协议(SIP)话机、无线本地环路(WLL,Wireless Local Loop)站、个人数字助理(PDA,Personal Digital Assistant)等设备。 For example, a personal communication service (PCS, Personal Communicat1n Service) phone, a cordless telephone, a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) phone, a wireless local loop (WLL, Wireless Local Loop) station, a personal digital assistant (PDA, Personal Digital Assistant) and other equipment . 无线终端也可以称为系统、订户单元(Subscriber Unit)、订户站(SubscriberStat1n),移动站(Mobile Stat1n)、移动台(Mobile)、远程站(Remote Stat1n)、接入点(Access Point)、远程终端(Remote Terminal)、接入终端(Access Terminal)、用户设备(User Terminal)、用户代理(User Agent)、用户设备(User Device)、或用户装备(UserEquipment)。 A wireless terminal can also be called a system, subscriber unit (Subscriber Unit), a subscriber station (SubscriberStat1n), the mobile station (Mobile Stat1n), the mobile station (Mobile), a remote station (Remote Stat1n), an access point (Access Point), remote terminal (Remote terminal), an access terminal (access terminal), a user equipment (user terminal), user agent (user agent), user equipment (user device), or user equipment (UserEquipment).

[0068] 基站(例如,接入点)可以是指接入网中在空中接口上通过一个或多个扇区与无线终端通信的设备。 [0068] the base station (e.g., access point) may refer to an access network over the air interface, through one or more sectors communicating with wireless terminal devices. 基站可用于将收到的空中帧与IP分组进行相互转换,作为无线终端与接入网的其余部分之间的路由器,其中接入网的其余部分可包括网际协议(IP)网络。 The base station can be used for the IP packet air frame will be received conversion as a router between the wireless terminal and the rest of the access network, wherein the rest of the access network may include an Internet Protocol (IP) network. 基站还可协调对空中接口的属性管理。 The base station also coordinates management of attributes for the air interface. 例如,基站可以是GSM或CDMA中的基站(BTS,BaseTransceiver Stat1n),也可以是WCDMA中的基站(NodeB),还可以是LTE中的演进型基站(NodeB 或eNB 或e-NodeB,evolut1nal Node B),本发明并不限定。 For example, the base station may be a GSM or CDMA base station (BTS, BaseTransceiver Stat1n), may be a WCDMA base station (NodeB), may also be in LTE evolved base station (NodeB or eNB or e-NodeB, evolut1nal Node B ), the present invention is not limited.

[0069] 本发明实施例提供一种调度方法,如图1所示,该方法包括: [0069] The embodiments of the present invention provides a scheduling method shown in Figure 1, the method comprising:

[0070] S101、服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道。 Service data channel between a [0070] S101, the serving base station determines that the service can not be demodulated correctly to the user equipment.

[0071] 当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,以使得用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0071] When the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, the service channel between the serving base station and demodulates the user equipment to transmit the user authorization information to the device, so that the user authorization information according to the device the amount of data that each upload data.

[0072] S102、服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,以使得用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0072] service control channel between the S102, the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates, to send the authorization information to the user equipment, so that the user equipment that upload data amount of each data in accordance with authorization information.

[0073] 在宽带码分多址网络中,用户设备从为其服务的服务基站,向与服务基站频点相同的非服务基站移动时,会进行软切换。 [0073] In WCDMA networks, from the user equipment, the mobile and the serving base station frequency to the same non-serving base station to its serving base station, soft handoff will. 这里的软切换是指在频点相同的两个基站之间的信道切换。 Here is the soft handoff channel between the same two points in a frequency base station handover. 在切换过程中,用户设备与服务基站和非服务基站都保持通信链路,只有当用户设备与非服务基站建立稳定通信后,才断开与服务基站的连接。 During handover, the user equipment and a base station serving and non-serving base stations to maintain communication links, only when the user equipment establishes a stable communication with a non-serving base station, only disconnected from the serving base station.

[0074] 然而当用户设备在进行软切换、处于两个同频基站的软切换区域时,用户设备接收到服务基站及非服务基站的下行导频信号强度基本相同,但服务基站及非服务基站接收到用户设备的上行接收信号强度会有很大的差异,这使得为用户设备服务的服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道。 [0074] However, when the user equipment during soft handover, in two areas of the same frequency soft handover of the base station, the user equipment receives a downlink pilot serving base station and non-serving base station pilot signal strength is substantially the same, but the serving base station and non-serving base station receiving the uplink received signal strength of the user equipment will be very different, which makes the serving base station serving the user equipment the service can not demodulate the data channel between the user equipment correctly.

[0075] 如果服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,则用户设备根据来自服务基站的授权信息,可以得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0075] If the serving base station can not demodulate the data service channel between the service channel between the user equipment and the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates the right to send the authorization information to the user equipment, the user equipment from the serving base station in accordance with authorization information, the amount of data that can each upload data.

[0076] S103、服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得非服务基站为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0076] S103, the serving base station transmits the scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station scheduling resources reserved for the user equipment, comprising at least a credit resource scheduling resources required for non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0077] 当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站还会向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使非服务基站为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源,从而非服务基站能够正确解调用户设备上传的数据,进而能够将用户设备上传的数据上传至核心网,而在WCDMA网络中,服务基站会向无线网络控制器发送调度指令,进而无线网络控制器会将该调度指令发送给非服务基站,即无线网络控制将来自服务基站的调度指令转发给了非服务基站。 [0077] When the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, the serving base station will send a scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station scheduling resources reserved for the user equipment, the scheduling resources comprising at least credit resources required non-serving base station demodulated data to the non-serving base station can demodulate the data uploaded by the user equipment correctly, and further the user equipment can be uploaded to upload data to the core network, and in the WCDMA network, the serving radio base station to be the network controller transmits a scheduling command, and then the radio network controller transmits a scheduling instruction to the non-serving base station, i.e. the radio network controller forwards the scheduling command from the serving base station to the non-serving base station. 其中,对于步骤SlOl和步骤S102的时间顺序不做限定。 Wherein the order of steps SlOl to time and step S102 is not limited.

[0078] 在LTE网络中,非服务基站为用户设备预留的调度资源可以包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源,这里的信用度资源为非服务基站解调译码数据的硬件资源,而在WCDMA网络中,信用度资源可以为信道单元(Channel Element, CE),非服务基站为用户设备预留的调度资源还可以包括上传数据所需的流量控制资源,流量控制资源可以为Iub资源。 [0078] In an LTE network, a non-serving base station to the user equipment may include scheduling resources reserved credit resources required non-serving base station demodulates the data, credit resources where non-serving base station hardware resources demodulating decoded data, in WCDMA networks, credit resources may be a channel unit (channel element, CE), a non-serving base station to the user equipment reserved scheduled resources may further include a flow rate required for uploading data control resources, traffic control resource may Iub resource. 例如,若非服务基站的流量控制资源不足,则非服务基站通过向用户设备发送相对授权减量信息,为用户设备预留足够的上传数据所需的流量控制资源,进而非服务基站将用户设备的数据上传至无线网络控制器。 For example, if not the flow of control insufficient resources serving base station, the base station sends the non-serving relative grant to the user equipment information reduction, a sufficient reserve for the user equipment required for uploading data flow control resources, and further non-serving base station to the user equipment upload data to the radio network controller.

[0079] 本发明实施例还提供一种调度方法,如图2所示,该方法包括: [0079] Embodiments of the present invention further provides a scheduling method, shown in Figure 2, the method comprising:

[0080] S201、非服务基站接收来自服务基站的调度指令,调度指令为当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的。 [0080] S201, the non-serving base station from the serving base station receives the scheduling commands, the scheduling command to transmit data when the service channel between the base station serving the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated.

[0081] 当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站会向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使非服务基站为用户设备预留调度资源。 [0081] When the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, the serving base station sends scheduling commands to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station to the user equipment resource scheduling reserved.

[0082] S202、非服务基站根据调度指令为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0082] S202, the non-serving base station according to the scheduling instruction scheduling resources reserved for the user equipment, comprising at least a credit resource scheduling resources required for non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0083] 非服务基站在接收到来自服务基站的调度指令后,根据调度指令为用户预留调度资源,具体的,调度资源可以包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源,从而,非服务基站能够通过正确解调用户设备上传的数据,将用户设备上传的数据上传至核心网。 [0083] non-serving base station after receiving the scheduling command from the serving base station, according to the scheduling instruction scheduling resources reserved for the user, specifically, the credit resources may include scheduling resources required for data demodulation non-serving base station, so that non-serving data of the user equipment by the base station can be demodulated correctly uploaded, the uploaded data is uploaded user equipment to a core network.

[0084] 同样的,在LTE网络中,非服务基站为用户设备预留的调度资源可以包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源,这里的信用度资源为非服务基站解调译码数据的硬件资源,而在WCDMA网络中,信用度资源可以为基带资源,非服务基站为用户设备预留的调度资源还可以包括上传数据所需的流量控制资源,流量控制资源可以为Iub资源。 [0084] Similarly, in an LTE network, a non-serving base station to the user equipment scheduling reserved resources may include non-serving base station resources required credit demodulated data, where the non-serving base station credit resources demodulating decoded data hardware resources, and in a WCDMA network, credit resources may be a baseband resource, non-serving base station to the user equipment scheduling resources reserved may further include a flow control resources required for uploading data, flow control may be Iub resource resources. 例如,若非服务基站的流量控制资源不足,则非服务基站通过向用户设备发送相对授权减量信息,为用户设备预留足够的上传数据所需的流量控制资源,进而非服务基站将用户设备的数据上传至无线网络控制器。 For example, if not the flow of control insufficient resources serving base station, the base station sends the non-serving relative grant to the user equipment information reduction, a sufficient reserve for the user equipment required for uploading data flow control resources, and further non-serving base station to the user equipment upload data to the radio network controller.

[0085] 本发明实施例还提供一种调度方法,如图3所示,该方法包括: [0085] Embodiments of the present invention further provides a scheduling method, shown in Figure 3, the method comprising:

[0086] S301、用户设备接收来自服务基站的授权信息,用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,授权信息为当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 [0086] S301, the user equipment receives authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment according to the amount of data that each authorization information uploaded data, when the authorization information for the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment after the service channel between the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates the transmitted.

[0087] 当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,用户设备接收来自服务基站的授权信息,能够根据该授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0087] When the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, the serving base station demodulates the control channel between the service and the user equipment to send the authorization information to the user equipment, the user equipment receives from a serving base station authorization information, the amount of data that can upload data each time based on the authorization information.

[0088] 下面,如图4所示,对用户设备所处的应用场景并结合本发明实施例所提供的调度方法进行示例性说明。 [0088] Next, as shown in FIG user equipment to the application scenario in which the invention is combined with four scheduling method provided by an exemplary embodiment described. 在宽带码分多址网络中,用户设备处于为其服务的服务基站的覆盖范围内,此时的服务基站可以为宏基站,服务基站与用户设备之间为服务链路。 In the WCDMA network, the user equipment is within the coverage of a serving base station for a service, in this case the serving base station may be a macro base station for service link between the serving base station and user equipment. 用户设备向与服务基站频点相同的非服务基站移动,此时的非服务基站可以为微基站,用户设备进入非服务基站与服务基站覆盖范围的重叠区域时,该区域即为软切换区域(图4中的阴影部分),用户设备检测到非服务基站的信号,非服务基站会建立与用户设备之间的非服务链路。 When the non-serving base station to the mobile user equipment and the same frequency serving base station, then the non-serving base station may be a micro base station, the user equipment enters an overlapping area of ​​the non-serving base station coverage service in the region is the soft handover region ( hatched portion in FIG. 4), the user equipment detects a signal, the non-serving base station will establish a non-serving base station and the non-serving link between the user equipment.

[0089] 对于上行链路,当非服务基站的路径损耗小于服务基站的路径损耗时,服务基站接收到的信号质量会明显差于非服务基站,因此,虽然服务基站与用户设备之间的服务链路依然建立,但服务基站却无法正确解调服务链路中的服务数据信道,此时用户设备会处于上行链路功率不平衡的场景之中。 [0089] For the uplink, when the path loss is smaller than the non-serving base station path loss of the serving base station, the serving base station received signal quality will be significantly worse than non-serving base station, and therefore, while the service between the serving base station and the user equipment link is still established, but the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the data channel service in the service link, then the user equipment will be in power imbalance in the uplink scenario. 此处,判断用户设备处于上行链路功率不平衡的场景的方法有很多,例如,在非服务基站与用户设备建立非服务链路之后,服务基站会周期性地测量服务链路质量,非服务基站也会周期性地测量非服务链路质量并将该非服务链路质量发送至服务基站,服务基站可以判断非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值,当非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,第一预设门限大于0,或者,当服务链路质量与非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,第二预设门限小于O进而服务基站可以向非服务基站发送调度指令,需要指出的是,服务链路质量可以为服务链路信噪比,非服务链路质 Here there is a method, user equipment is determined uplink power imbalance scenario number, e.g., non-serving link after establishing the non-serving base station and user equipment, the quality of service link service station will periodically measure the non-serving the base station also periodically measures the link quality and the non-serving non-service link quality of the serving base station transmits to the serving base station based on the difference between non-serving link quality and link quality of service, when the non-serving link quality difference is greater than a first quality of service link preset threshold, the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, wherein the first predetermined threshold is greater than 0, or when the service link quality and link quality difference is smaller than a second non-serving preset threshold, the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station and user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, wherein the second predetermined threshold is less than the serving base station further O can send a scheduling command to the non-serving base station, it is noted that the quality of service link service link SNR may be, the non-service link quality 可以为非服务链路信噪比,具体预设门限值的大小本发明实施例不做限制,可以根据具体情况而定。 May be non-service link SNR, the preset embodiment is not limited in particular embodiments of the present invention the size threshold, may be determined depending on the circumstances. 再例如,服务基站还可以判断服务基站正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据的比例小于第一预设比例时,即服务基站的介质访问控制(Media Access Control,MAC)速率与物理层速率的比例小于第一预设比例时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,第一预设比例介于O到I之间,或者服务基站判断用户设备上传的数据量与正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,第二预设比例大于1,进而服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令,同样的,需要指出的是,该预设比例为介于O到I之间的数值,具体预设比例值的大小本发明实施例不做限制,可以根据具体情况而定。 When the proportion of another example, the serving base station also determines the amount of data to upload data from a user's serving base station is demodulated correctly less than the first predetermined ratio, i.e. the serving base station medium access control (Media Access Control, MAC) and a physical rate when the ratio is less than a first predetermined layer rate ratio, the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, to a first predetermined ratio ranging between O I, or a serving base station determines whether the user equipment when the ratio of the amount of data uploaded data amount is greater than a second demodulated correctly predetermined ratio, determines that the service serving base station can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment correctly, the second predetermined ratio is greater than 1, and further the serving base station sends the non-serving base station scheduling instruction, the same, it is noted that the ratio is between the predetermined value between O to I, embodiments of the present invention is not limited in the size of the particular embodiment of the preset scale value, can the case may be.

[0090] 当服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道后,服务基站对服务基站与用户设备之间的控制信道进行解调,然后向用户设备发送授权信息,并向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使非服务基站为用户设备预留调度资源,该调度资源可以包括非服务基站解调用户设备上传数据的信用度资源。 [0090] When the serving base station determines that the service can not be correctly demodulated data service after the channel between the user equipment and the serving base station the control channel between the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates, and then send the authorization information to the user equipment, and sending scheduling commands to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station to the user equipment reserved scheduled resources, the scheduling resources may include non-serving credit resources the user equipment demodulates the data upload. 那么,用户设备就可以根据接收到的授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,并且非服务基站能够正确解调用户设备上传的数据。 Then, the user equipment may know the amount of data per data upload authorization information according to the received user data and non-serving base station apparatus can correctly demodulate uploaded.

[0091] 本发明实施例提供的调度方法,服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,通过服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,并向非服务基站发送调度指令,从而,用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站根据调度指令为用户设备预留调度资源。 When the [0091] scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, the service serving base station determines a data channel between the user equipment can not be demodulated correctly by the service channel between the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates, to transmit to the user equipment authorization information, to the non-serving base station scheduling instructions so that, the amount of data that each user equipment based on the data upload authorization information, as non-serving user equipment reserved resource scheduling according to the scheduling command. 通过该方案,即使用户设备处于软切换区域,也能够使得用户设备得知每次上传数据的数据量,并通过非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据,进而能够为用户设备进行正常的服务。 With this scheme, even if the user equipment is in a soft handover region, it is possible that the user equipment that the data amount of each upload data, and the user equipment demodulates the data uploaded by the non-serving base station, and further to ensure normal service to the user equipment.

[0092] 本发明实施例提供一种调度方法,如图5所示,当服务基站能够正常解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道时,该方法包括: [0092] The embodiments of the present invention provides a scheduling method shown in Figure 5, when the serving control channel between the serving base station and user equipment can be normally demodulated, the method comprising:

[0093] S501、若服务基站能够正常解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,则向用户设备下发第一授权信息,以使得用户设备根据第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0093] S501, the service channel between the serving base station if the user equipment can be normally demodulated, the first to send authorization information to the user equipment, so that the user equipment that upload data each time data based on the first authorization information the amount.

[0094] 需要说明的是,如果服务基站能够正常解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,可能包括两种情况,服务基站分别根据两种情况向用户设备下发第一授权信息,这两种情况为: [0094] Incidentally, if the service channel between the serving base station and user equipment can be normally demodulated, may comprise two cases, the serving base station information respectively to the first authorized user issued the apparatus according to the two cases, both case are:

[0095] 如果服务基站解调服务控制信道所获得的信息中只有SI (Signallntegrity,信号完整性)信息,即用户设备通过服务控制信道只发送了SI信息,那么服务基站则向用户设备下发绝对授权信息,该绝对授权信息为一个RLC(Rad1 Link Control,无线链路控制)包的绝对授权信息,即服务基站允许用户设备每次上传一个RLC包的数据量。 [0095] If the service information service station demodulates only the control channel of the obtained SI (Signallntegrity, signal integrity) information, i.e., the user equipment transmits only the control channel the service information SI, the service station is sent to the user equipment absolute authorization information, the authorization information is an absolute (Rad1 link control, radio link control) packet RLC absolute grant information, i.e. the serving base station allows the user equipment to upload data amount per one RLC packet. 需要说明的是,SI信息包括用户设备的剩余功率及缓存大小; Incidentally, SI information includes a remaining buffer size and power of the user equipment;

[0096] 如果服务基站解调服务控制信道所获得的信息中不仅有SI信息,即用户设备通过服务控制信道不是只发送了SI信息,还发送了除信号完整性(SI)信息之外的信息,例如,用户设备上传的数据的描述信息等,那么服务基站则向用户设备下发一个或多个相对授权信息,该相对授权信息为相对授权增量信息(RG UP),可以理解的是,相对授权增量信息能够使得用户设备增加每次上传的数据量,例如,用户设备每次上传的数据量为10比特,若相对授权增量信息是使得用户设备每次上传的数据量增加I比特。 [0096] If not only information about services and SI information service station demodulates the control channel obtained in that the user equipment is not only the SI information transmitted via the service channel, but also information other than the transmitted signal integrity (SI) information , e.g., information describing the user equipment uploads data or the like, then send the base station serving one or more relatively authorization information, the authorization information relative to the user equipment increments relative grant information (RG UP), be appreciated that, relative grant information can be an incremental increase in the amount of data that the user equipment each upload, for example, the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment 10 bits each, if the relative grant increment information that the user equipment is uploaded to increase the amount of data per bit I . 那么用户设备在收到一个相对授权增量信息后,每次上传的数据量即为11比特,若非服务基站想要使得用户设备每次上传15比特,那么非服务基站需要向用户设备发送多个相对授权增量信息,即五个相对授权增量信息,那么用户设备在接收到五个相对授权增量信息后,每次上传的数据量即为15比特。 Then the amount of data of the user equipment after receiving a relative grant information increment, namely 11 bits for each upload, if not the serving base station that the user equipment wants to upload each 15 bits, the non-serving base station needs to transmit to a plurality of user equipment incremental relative grant message, i.e. five incremental relative grant information, the amount of data the user equipment after receiving five incremental relative grant information, that is 15 bits per upload.

[0097] S502、服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令。 [0097] S502, the serving base station sends the non-serving base station schedules the instructions.

[0098] 服务基站正常解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,向用户设备下发第一授权信息,还会向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得非服务基站为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0098] service control channel between the serving base station and a user equipment normally demodulated, first authorization information to the user equipment issued, but also send a scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station to the user equipment scheduling resources reserved , including at least credit resource scheduling resources required non-serving base station demodulated data. 其中,对于服务基站向用户设备下发第一授权信息和向非服务基站发送调度指令的时间顺序不做限定。 Wherein the service base station is not limited to time-sequentially send the first authorization information of the user equipment and transmits the scheduling command to the non-serving base station.

[0099] S503、非服务基站接收到来自服务基站的调度指令,为用户设备预留调度资源,该调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0099] S503, the non-serving base station receives a scheduling command from the serving base station, scheduling of resources reserved for the user equipment, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0100] 非服务基站接收到来自服务基站的调度指令后,可以对自身解调数据所需的信用度资源进行判断,当信用度资源不足时,非服务基站可以通过向用户设备下发授权信息,以为用户设备预留足够的信用度资源,例如可以为: [0100] non-serving base station after receiving the scheduling command from the serving base station, may be determined for their demodulated data required credit resources, when there is insufficient credit resources, non-serving base station through the information and to send authorization at the user equipment, that user equipment set aside sufficient credit resources, for example, as follows:

[0101] 若信用度资源小于预设阈值,即信用度资源不足时,非服务基站可以向用户设备发送一个或多个第三授权信息,该第三授权信息为相对授权减量信息(RG DOWN),可以理解的是,相对授权减量信息能够使得用户设备减小每次上传的数据量,例如,用户设备每次上传的数据量为10比特,若相对授权减量信息是使得用户设备每次上传的数据量减小I比特。 [0101] When the credit resources less than a preset threshold value, i.e. insufficient credit resources, the non-serving base station may send one or more third authorization information to a user equipment, the authorization information for the third reduction relative grant information (RG DOWN), It will be appreciated that the relative reduction authorization information enables the user equipment to reduce the amount of data uploaded each time, for example, the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment 10 bits each, if the relative grant message is that the user equipment decrement per upload I reduced the amount of data bits. 那么用户设备在收到一个相对授权减量信息后,每次上传的数据量即为9比特,若非服务基站想要使得用户设备每次上传5比特,那么非服务基站需要向用户设备发送多个相对授权减量信息,即五个相对授权减量信息,那么用户设备在接收到五个相对授权减量信息后,每次上传的数据量即为5比特。 Then the amount of data of the user equipment after receiving a relative grant reduction information, for each upload is the 9-bit, if not the serving base station that the user equipment wants to upload each 5 bits, the non-serving base station needs to transmit to a plurality of user equipment reduction relative grant information, the data amount reduction relative grant information, the user equipment after receiving five reduction relative grant information, i.e. each upload 5 is the five bits.

[0102] 需要说明的是,非服务基站通过上述对调度资源的判断,并在判断出调度资源包括的信用度资源不足时,向用户设备下发授权信息以调整用户设备每次上传数据的数据量,从而为用户设备预留解调数据所需的信用度资源,保障非服务基站有足够的资源解调用户设备上传的数据。 [0102] Incidentally, the non-serving base station via the determination of the scheduling of resources, and it is determined that insufficient credit resource scheduling resources included send authorization information to adjust the user device each time the amount of data to upload the user equipment , thereby reserving credit resources needed demodulated data to the user equipment to protect the non-serving base station has sufficient resources data demodulation user device upload. 那么,用户设备就可以根据第三授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站能够正确解调用户设备上传的数据进而将数据上传至核心网。 Then, the user equipment may know the amount of data per data uploading, the non-serving base station can demodulate the data uploaded by the user equipment according to a third authorization information uploaded to the correct turn data core network.

[0103] S504、用户设备根据接收到的授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,并将数据上传至非服务基站。 [0103] S504, the amount of data that each user equipment based on the uploaded data to the received authorization information and upload the data to the non-serving base station.

[0104] S505、非服务基站解调来自用户设备上传的数据。 [0104] S505, the non-serving base station from the user equipment demodulates the data upload.

[0105] 从步骤S501和S503可以明确地看出,用户设备接收到的授权信息可以为服务基站在解调服务控制信道所获得的信息中只有SI信息而发送的绝对授权信息,也可以为服务基站在解调服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性(SI)信息之外的信息,而发送的相对授权信息,同时,用户设备在接收到绝对授权信息或相对授权信息的同时,还可以接收到来自非服务基站在判断调度资源后发送的第三授权信息,进而用户设备根据接收到的授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站也能够正确解调用户设备上传的数据进而将数据上传至核心网。 [0105] can be clear from steps S501 and S503, the user equipment receives the authorization information SI can be transmitted in the information demodulating information obtained in the service control channel serving base station absolute grant information may be a service demodulating the control channel the service information of the base station also include information obtained in addition to the signal integrity (SI) information, and the relative grant information sent, at the same time, the user equipment receiving the absolute grant information or the relative grant information simultaneously, may also receive the third authorization information sent by non-serving base station after the determination from the resource scheduling, the user equipment further authorization information according to the received amount of data that each of the uploaded data, the non-serving base station can correctly demodulate the user equipment uploads the data and then upload the data to the core network.

[0106] 本发明实施例提供的调度方法,如图6所示,当服务基站确定无法解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道时,该方法包括: [0106] scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, shown in FIG. 6, when the serving base station determines the service can not be demodulated control channel between the user equipment, the method comprising:

[0107] S601、若服务基站无法解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,服务基站向非服务基站发送解调指令。 [0107] S601, the service channel between the serving base station if the user equipment can not be demodulated, the demodulation instruction to the serving base station transmits non-serving base station.

[0108] 当服务基站无法解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,则服务基站可以向非服务基站发送解调指令,以使得非服务基站解调与用户设备之间的非服务数据信道。 [0108] When the service channel between the serving base station can not demodulate the user equipment, the serving base station may send instruction to the non-serving base station demodulator, so that the non-serving data channel between a non-serving base station demodulates user equipment.

[0109] S602、非服务基站接收到解调指令后,解调非服务基站与用户设备之间的非服务数据信道并生成授权指令。 [0109] S602, the non-serving base station after receiving the instruction demodulated, the demodulated data channel between a non-serving non-serving base station and the user equipment, and generating an authorization instruction.

[0110] 非服务基站在接收到解调指令后,对其与用户设备之间的非服务数据信道进行解调并生成授权指令,同样的,非服务基站解调非服务数据信道可以包括两种结果: [0110] non-serving base station after receiving the demodulated command, the non-service data channel between the user equipment demodulates them and generate the authorization command, the same, non-serving non-serving base station demodulates data channel may comprise two result:

[0111] 如果非服务基站解调非服务数据信道所获得的信息中只有SI信息,即用户设备通过非服务数据信道只发送了SI信息,那么非服务基站则生成第一授权指令,并向发送第一授权指令,以使得服务基站根据该第一授权指令向用户设备下发绝对授权信息,其中,SI信息可以包括用户设备的剩余功率及缓存大小; [0111] If the information non-serving non-serving demodulated data channel obtained in SI information only, i.e. non-serving the user equipment sends through the data channel, the SI information only, the non-serving base station generates a first authorization command, and sends first authorization instruction information to the serving base station so that the absolute grant issued to the user apparatus according to the first authorization instruction, wherein, the SI information may include the remaining buffer size and power of the user equipment;

[0112] 如果非服务基站解调服务控制信道所获得的信息中不是只有SI信息,即用户设备通过服务控制信道不是只发送了SI信息,还发送了除信号完整性(SI)信息之外的信息,例如,用户设备上传的数据的描述信息等,那么非服务基站则生成第二授权指令,并向服务基站发送第二授权指令,以使得服务基站根据该第二授权指令向用户设备下发相对授权信息。 [0112] If the non-serving base station demodulates the information obtained in the service control channel information not only SI, i.e., the user equipment is not only the SI information transmitted through the service channel is also transmitted in addition to the signal integrity (SI) information information, e.g., information describing the user equipment uploads data or the like, then the non-serving base station generates a second authorization command, authorization and sends a second instruction serving base station, so that the user sent to the serving base station apparatus according to the second authorization instructions the relative authorization information.

[0113] 需要说明的是,当非服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道所获得的信息中不是只有SI信息时,也可以不向服务基站发送任何授权指令,如果服务基站若在预设周期内没有收到任何授权指令,则该服务基站向用户设备下发相对授权信息。 [0113] Incidentally, when the information service data channel between a non-serving base station and the user equipment demodulates the obtained information is not only the SI, the authorization may not send any command to the serving base station, if the serving base station if the did not receive any instruction within a predetermined period of authorized, the serving base station to the user equipment relative to send authorization information.

[0114] 同样的,从上述非服务基站解调其与用户设备之间的非服务数据信道后并生成授权指令的过程中能够看出,该授权指令可能是第一授权指令,使得服务基站向用户设备下发绝对授权信息,也可能是第二授权指令,使得服务基站向用户设备下发相对授权信息。 Generating the authorization process, and after the instruction [0114] Similarly, the non-serving demodulated data with the channel between the user equipment from said non-serving base station can be seen, the authorization may be the first instruction authorization instruction to the serving base station such that issued absolute grant information at the user equipment, it may be a second authorization instruction, so that the user equipment to a base station serving relative grant message sent.

[0115] S603、非服务基站向服务基站发送授权指令。 [0115] S603, the non-serving base station to the serving base station transmits a grant designation.

[0116] 非服务基站解调其与用户设备之间的非服务数据信道并生成授权指令后,将授权指令发送至服务基站,该授权指令可能是第一授权指令,使得服务基站向用户设备下发绝对授权信息,也可能是第二授权指令,使得服务基站向用户设备下发相对授权信息。 After the [0116] non-serving base station demodulates data channel between a non-serving the user equipment with authorization commands and generates the authorization instruction to the serving base station, the authorization may be first authorization instruction command, so that the serving base station to the user equipment send the absolute grant information, it may be a second authorization instruction information to the serving base station so that the relative grant issued user equipment.

[0117] S604、服务基站接收到授权指令后,向用户设备下发第二授权信息。 [0117] S604, the serving base station after receiving the authorization command, authorization information sent to the second user equipment.

[0118]当服务基站接收到第一授权指令后,向用户设备下发绝对授权信息,该绝对授权信息可以为一个无线链路控制(RLC)包的绝对授权信息,即允许用户设备每次上传一个RLC包的数据量; Absolute grant information [0118] When the serving base station receives the first authorization command, authorization information issued to the absolute user equipment, the absolute grant information may be a radio link control (RLC) packet, i.e. each user equipment is allowed to upload a data volume of the RLC packets;

[0119] 当服务基站接收到第二授权指令后,向用户设备下发相对授权信息,该相对授权信息为相对授权增量信息(RG UP)。 [0119] When the serving base station receiving the second authorization instruction to send the user equipment relative grant information, the relative grant is a relative grant message delta information (RG UP).

[0120] 也就是说,服务基站向用户设备发送的第二授权信息,可以为绝对授权信息,也可以为相对授权信息,具体的第二授权信息是根据服务基站接收到的非服务基站发送的授权指令确定的。 [0120] That is, the base station sends the second authorization information services to the user equipment, the authorization information can be absolute, relative grant information may be a specific second authorization information is transmitted to the serving base station receives in accordance with the non-serving base station authorized instruction determined.

[0121] S605、服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令。 [0121] S605, the serving base station sends the non-serving base station schedules the instructions.

[0122] 当服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,还会向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得非服务基站为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0122] When the serving base station determines the service data channel between the user equipment can not be demodulated correctly, but also send a scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station scheduling resources reserved for the user equipment, comprising at least a non-scheduled resources credit resources required for the serving base station demodulated data.

[0123] S606、非服务基站接收到来自服务基站的调度指令,为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0123] S606, the non-serving base station receives a scheduling command from the serving base station, scheduling resources reserved for the user equipment, comprising at least a credit resource scheduling resources required for non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0124] 非服务基站接收到来自服务基站的调度指令后,可以对自身解调数据所需的信用度资源进行判断,当信用度资源不足时,非服务基站可以通过向用户设备下发授权信息,以为用户设备预留足够的信用度资源,具体的实施方式包括: [0124] non-serving base station after receiving the scheduling command from the serving base station, may be determined for their demodulated data required credit resources, when there is insufficient credit resources, non-serving base station through the information and to send authorization at the user equipment, that the user equipment credit reserve enough resources, specific embodiment comprises:

[0125] 若信用度资源小于预设阈值,即信用度资源不足时,非服务基站可以向用户设备发送一个或多个第三授权信息,该第三授权信息相对授权减量信息(RG DOWN)。 [0125] When the credit resources less than a preset threshold value, i.e. insufficient credit resources, the non-serving base station may send one or more third authorization information to a user equipment, the authorization information relative grant third reduction information (RG DOWN).

[0126] 需要说明的是,非服务基站通过上述对调度资源的判断,并在判断出调度资源包括的信用度资源不足时,向用户设备下发授权信息以调整用户设备每次上传数据的数据量,从而为用户设备预留解调数据所需的信用度资源,保障非服务基站有足够的资源解调用户设备上传的数据。 [0126] Incidentally, the non-serving base station via the determination of the scheduling of resources, and it is determined that insufficient credit resource scheduling resources included send authorization information to adjust the user device each time the amount of data to upload the user equipment , thereby reserving credit resources needed demodulated data to the user equipment to protect the non-serving base station has sufficient resources data demodulation user device upload. 那么,用户设备就可以根据第三授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站能够正确解调用户设备上传的数据进而将数据上传至核心网。 Then, the user equipment may know the amount of data per data uploading, the non-serving base station can demodulate the data uploaded by the user equipment according to a third authorization information uploaded to the correct turn data core network.

[0127] S607、用户设备根据接收到的授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0127] S607, the amount of data that each user equipment based on the uploaded data to the received authorization information.

[0128] S608、非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据。 [0128] S608, the non-serving base station demodulates the data uploaded by the user equipment.

[0129] 需要说明的是,从步骤S602至S606可以明确地看出,用户设备接收到的第二授权信息可以为服务基站在接收到第一授权指令后向用户设备下发的绝对授权信息,也可以为服务基站在接收到第二授权指令后向用户设备下发的相对授权信息,同时,用户设备在接收到绝对授权信息或相对授权信息的同时还可以接收到来自非服务基站在判断调度资源后发送的第三授权信息,进而用户设备根据接收到的授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站也能够正确解调用户设备上传的数据进而将数据上传至核心网。 [0129] Incidentally, can be seen clearly from step S602 to S606, the user equipment receives the second authorization information to the serving base station may be receiving the first absolute grant authorization instruction information issued to the user equipment after the serving base station may also send the relative grant information to the user equipment after receiving the second authorization instruction, while the user equipment receiving the absolute grant or the relative grant information may also receive information from the non-serving base station determines the scheduling at after transmitting the third authorization information resources, and thus the amount of data each time that the user equipment uploading data, the non-serving base station can demodulate the data uploaded by the user equipment according to the received authorization information and thus correct upload data to the core network.

[0130] 需要说明的是,上述实施例中,服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令,与服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道的这两个步骤,均是当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时执行的,在步骤执行的先后上并不做限定,即当服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,可以先执行服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,也可以先执行服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令,还可以在执行服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道的同时,执行服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,均应在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0130] Incidentally, the above-described embodiment, the serving base station transmits the scheduling command to the non-serving base station, a control channel between the serving base station serving the user equipment demodulates both steps, when the serving base station are not properly performed when the service data channel between the user equipment and demodulation, performed in the sequence of steps does not restrict, i.e., when the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, the serving base station may be performed first demodulating a control channel between the service and the user equipment, the serving base station may be performed prior to the non-serving base station transmits the scheduling command, the service can also simultaneously perform demodulation and channel between the base station serving the user equipment, the serving base station performs Solutions tone service channel between the user equipment, shall be within the scope of the present invention.

[0131] 本发明实施例提供的调度方法,通过当服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,并向非服务基站发送调度指令,从而,用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站根据调度指令为用户设备预留调度资源。 [0131] scheduling method according to an embodiment of the present invention, when the serving base station determines that the service data channel between the user equipment and can not be demodulated correctly, the service channel between the serving base station and demodulates the user equipment to the user equipment transmitting authorization information to the non-serving base station scheduling instructions so that, the amount of data that each user equipment based on the data upload authorization information, as non-serving user equipment reserved resource scheduling according to the scheduling command. 通过该方案,即使用户设备处于软切换区域,也能够使得用户设备得知每次上传数据的数据量,并通过非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据,进而能够为用户设备进行正常的服务。 With this scheme, even if the user equipment is in a soft handover region, it is possible that the user equipment that the data amount of each upload data, and the user equipment demodulates the data uploaded by the non-serving base station, and further to ensure normal service to the user equipment.

[0132] 本发明实施例提供一种判断链路不平衡的方法,如图7所示,方法包括: [0132] Example embodiments provide a method of the present invention, link imbalance is determined, as shown in FIG 7 the method comprising:

[0133] S701、服务基站获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量。 [0133] service link quality between the S701, the serving base station acquires the user equipment.

[0134] 服务基站获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,例如,服务基站可以周期性地测量其与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,可以理解的是,服务基站也可以根据事件触发测量其与用户设备之间的服务链路质量。 [0134] The serving base station acquires the link quality between the user equipment, e.g., the serving base station may periodically measures the link quality between itself and the user equipment, it is understood that, according to the serving base station may also trigger event measuring the link quality between itself and the user equipment.

[0135] S702、服务基站获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,非服务链路质量是由非服务基站测量的与用户设备之间的非服务链路质量。 [0135] S702, the non-serving base station acquires the link quality of service from the non-serving base station, a non-serving link quality between a non-serving link quality measured by the non-serving base station and the user equipment.

[0136] 服务基站获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,例如,非服务基站在与用户设备建立非服务链路之后,也可以周期性地测量非服务基站与用户设备之间的非服务链路质量,并将该非服务链路质量发送至服务基站。 [0136] Non-serving base station acquires the link quality of service from the non-serving base station, e.g., non-serving base station after establishing a link with the non-serving user equipment, it may be periodically measured between the non-serving non-serving base station and the user equipment link quality, and the non-serving base station to the serving link quality.

[0137] 可选的,服务链路质量可以为服务链路信噪比,非服务链路质量为非服务链路信噪比,还可以采用其他参数表示服务链路质量或非服务链路质量,本发明实施例不做限制。 [0137] Alternatively, the link quality of service may be a service link signal to noise ratio, a non-service link quality of service link signal to noise ratio, may also be employed other link quality parameter indicates the service or service link quality , this embodiment does not limit the embodiment of the present invention.

[0138] S703、服务基站确定非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的之间的差值。 [0138] S703, a difference between the non-serving base station determines a link quality of service and link quality of service.

[0139] 服务基站获取到来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量时,可以确定非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值。 When the [0139] link quality of the serving base station to obtain non-serving base station from a non-serving, the difference may be determined non-service link quality and link quality of service.

[0140] S704、当非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,第一预设门限大于0,或者,当服务链路质量与非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,第二预设门限小于O。 [0140] S704, when the difference between the non-serving link quality of service and link quality is greater than a first preset threshold, the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, wherein the first preset threshold is greater than 0, or when the difference link quality service and non-serving link quality than the second preset threshold, the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, wherein, The second preset threshold less than O.

[0141] 服务基站确定非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值,当非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,该预设门限为大于O的数值,或者,当服务链路质量与非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,第二预设门限小于O的数值。 [0141] Non-serving base station determines a difference link quality service and link quality of service, when the difference between the non-serving link quality and link quality of service than the first preset threshold, the serving base station determines that the service can not be resolved correctly service data transfer channel between the user equipment, the predetermined threshold is a value larger than O, or, when the difference between the service quality of the link quality of the link is less than the second non-serving preset threshold, the serving base station can not determine the service service data channel between the user equipment and demodulated correctly, which is less than the second preset threshold value of O.

[0142] 需要说明的是,当服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道之后,服务基站及非服务基站可以对用户设备进行调度,具体地调度方法与前述实施例相同,此处不再赘述。 [0142] Incidentally, when the service data channel between the serving base station determines a serving base station and user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, the base station serving and non-serving base station may schedule a user equipment, in particular a scheduling method in the previous embodiment the same is not repeated here.

[0143] 本发明实施例提供的判断链路不平衡的方法,服务基站获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,并获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,进而服务基站确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值,当非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限,或者当服务链路质量与非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道。 [0143] Analyzing the link provided in the embodiment of the present invention is a method imbalance, serving base station acquires the link quality between the user equipment, and acquires the link quality from a non-serving base station is non-serving, said serving base station determines in turn the difference between the non-serving link quality and link quality of the service, when the difference between the non-serving link quality and link quality of service than the first preset threshold, or when the link quality of service and non-service chain channel quality difference is smaller than a second preset threshold, the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated. 通过该方案,服务基站能够判断出用户设备处于上行链路不平衡的场景中。 By this scheme, the serving base station can determine that the user equipment is in an uplink scenario in unbalanced.

[0144] 本发明实施例提供一种判断链路不平衡的方法,如图8所示,方法包括: [0144] The present invention provides a method of determining a link imbalance, as shown in Figure 8, the method comprising:

[0145] S801、服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的用户设备上传的数据。 [0145] user equipment to upload data service data channel between the S801, the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates.

[0146] 服务基站对服务基站与服务基站下所有的用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的数据进行解调,此时服务基站可能无法完全正确解调用户上传的数据,即服务基站只能正确解调出部分数据。 [0146] The serving base station for data service data channels between all user equipments under the serving base station and the serving base station demodulates this time serving base station may not be fully correct demodulated data uploaded by the user, i.e. the serving base station can correctly part of the data demodulated.

[0147] S802、服务基站判断服务基站正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值。 [0147] S802, the serving base station determines the amount of data the base station serving the correct ratio of the demodulated data amount of the user equipment uploaded.

[0148] 服务基站可以判断其正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值。 [0148] The serving base station determines the amount of data can be demodulated correctly and the ratio of the amount of data uploaded user equipment.

[0149] S803、当正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,第一预设比例介于O到I之间,或者,当用户设备上传的数据量与正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,第二预设比例大于I。 [0149] S803, when the ratio of amount of data is correctly demodulated data from a user to upload an amount less than the first predetermined ratio, determines that the service serving base station can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment correctly, the a preset ratio ranging between O I, or, when the ratio of the amount of data of the user equipment and the amount of data uploaded correctly demodulated greater than a second ratio, the serving base station serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly and the service data channel between the user equipment, the second predetermined ratio is greater than I.

[0150] 服务基站对其正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值进行判断,即是对服务基站的MAC速率与物理层速率的比值进行判断,当正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,即当服务基站的介质访问控制(MediaAccess ControI,MAC)速率与物理层速率的比例小于第一预设比例,其中,第一预设比例为介于O到I之间的数值,或者当用户设备上传的数据量与正确解调出的数据量与的比值大于第二预设比例,及物理层速率与服务基站的MAC速率的比例大于第二预设比例时,其中,第二预设比例为大于I的数值,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道。 [0150] The serving base station its correct demodulated data amount ratio is determined the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment, i.e. MAC rate is the ratio of the rate of the physical layer of the serving base station to judge, when the correct demodulated data when the ratio of the amount of uploaded data amount is smaller than the first user equipment a preset ratio, that is, when the serving base station medium access control (MediaAccess ControI, MAC) and physical layer rate proportional rate less than the first predetermined ratio, wherein the first O ratio is preset to a value ranging between I, or when the amount of data of the user equipment and the amount of data uploaded correctly demodulated with a second ratio is greater than a preset ratio, MAC and physical layer rate and the rate of the serving base station when the ratio is larger than a second predetermined ratio, wherein the ratio is greater than the second predetermined value I, the serving base station determines a serving base station can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment correctly.

[0151] 需要说明的是,当服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道之后,服务基站及非服务基站可以对用户设备进行调度,具体地调度方法与前述实施例相同此处不再赘述。 [0151] Incidentally, when the service data channel between the serving base station determines a serving base station and user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, the base station serving and non-serving base station may schedule a user equipment, in particular a scheduling method in the previous embodiment the same will not be repeated here.

[0152] 可选地,本发明实施例所描述的服务基站可以为宏基站,非服务基站可以为微基站,由于宏基站的覆盖范围远大于微基站的覆盖范围,那么当用户设备从宏基站移动至微基站时,对于上行链路,会出现微基站的路径损耗小于宏基站的路径损耗,宏基站接收到的信号质量会明显差于微基站,因此,虽然宏基站与用户设备之间的服务链路依然建立,但宏基站却无法正确解调服务链路中的服务数据信道。 [0152] Alternatively, the serving base station according to the embodiment of the present invention may be described as a macro base station, the non-serving base station may be a pico base station, since the coverage of the macro base station coverage area is much larger than the micro base station, then when the user equipment from the macro base station when moved to the micro base station for the uplink, the path will be the path loss is smaller than the micro base station is a macro base station of the loss, the macro base station received signal quality will be significantly worse than the micro base station, therefore, between the macro base station and the user equipment although service link is still established, but the macro base station can not demodulate service data channel service link correctly.

[0153] 本发明实施例提供的判断链路不平衡的方法,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的用户设备上传的数据,进而判断服务基站正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值,当正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例,或者当用户设备上传的数据量与正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道。 [0153] Analyzing the link provided in the embodiment of the present invention is a method unbalanced, uploading a user equipment service data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates the data, and then determine the correct serving base station demodulated data amount the ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment, when the data is correctly demodulated and the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment of the ratio is less than a first predetermined ratio, or the data amount of the user equipment uploads demodulated correctly when the when the ratio is greater than a second predetermined ratio, determines that the service serving base station can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment correctly. 通过该方案,月艮务基站能够判断出用户设备处于上行链路不平衡的场景中。 By this scheme, the base station that works to month can be determined that the scene in the user equipment in the uplink imbalance.

[0154] 本发明实施例提供一种服务基站9,如图9所示,包括: [0154] The present invention provides a service base station 9, 9, comprising:

[0155] 第一解调器90,用于确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道; [0155] The first demodulator 90 for determining when the service data channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, the demodulated service channel between the user equipment;

[0156] 第一发送器91,用于向用户设备发送授权信息,以使得用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,以及向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得非服务基站为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0156] The first transmitter 91, for transmitting authorization information to the user equipment, so that the user authorization information apparatus according to the known amount per data uploading data, and transmitting the scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station scheduling resources reserved for the user equipment, comprising at least a credit resource scheduling resources required for non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0157] 进一步地,如图10所示,服务基站9还包括: [0157] Further, as shown in FIG serving base station 109 further comprises:

[0158] 获取模块92,用于获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,以及获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,所述非服务链路质量是由所述非服务基站测量的与所述用户设备之间的非服务链路质量; [0158] obtaining module 92, a link between the quality of service and the user equipment acquired, and acquires the link quality of a non-serving base station from a non-serving and non-serving the link quality is measured by the non-serving base station non-service link quality between the user equipment;

[0159] 判断模块93,用于确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值; [0159] determination module 93 for determining a difference between the non-serving link quality to the link quality of service;

[0160] 处理模块94,用于当所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第一预设门限大于0,或者,当所述服务链路质量与所述非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第二预设门限小于O。 [0160] The processing module 94, configured to, when the non-serving link quality and link quality of service of the difference is greater than a first preset threshold, the serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly to the user equipment service data channel between, wherein the first predetermined threshold is greater than 0, or when the serving base station serving the link quality difference between the non-serving link quality is less than a second predetermined threshold, determining a data channel between the service can not be correctly demodulated and the user equipment, wherein the second predetermined threshold is less than O.

[0161] 进一步地,所述服务链路质量为服务链路信噪比,所述非服务链路质量为非服务链路信噪比。 [0161] Furthermore, the quality of service link service link signal to noise ratio, the non-serving link quality SNR for non-service link.

[0162] 进一步地,如图11所示,服务基站9还包括: [0162] Further, as shown in FIG serving base station 119 further comprises:

[0163] 数据解调模块95,用于解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的所述用户设备上传的数据; [0163] Data demodulation module 95, the data uploaded by the user equipment for service data demodulation and channel between the user equipment;

[0164] 第二判断模块96,用于判断正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值; [0164] The second determination module 96, the amount ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment determines the correct demodulated data for;

[0165] 第二处理模块97,用于当所述正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第一预设比例介于O到I之间,或者,当所述用户设备上传的数据量与所述正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第二预设比例大于I。 [0165] The second processing module 97, when the ratio of the amount of data for the amount of data uploaded by the user of the apparatus is less than a first demodulated correctly preset ratio, the serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly and the service data channel between the user equipment, the first predetermined ratio range between O I, or when the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment with the correct amount of data is greater than the ratio of the demodulated when a second preset ratio, the serving base station determines not be demodulated service data channel between the user equipment correctly, the second predetermined ratio is greater than I.

[0166] 进一步地,若第一解调器90能够正常解调服务控制信道,则第一发送器91向用户设备下发第一授权信息,以使得用户设备根据第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量; [0166] Further, if the first demodulator 90 can demodulate correctly service the control channel, the first transmitter 91 to the first authorization information issued user equipment, so that each user equipment based on the first authorization information the amount of data uploaded data;

[0167] 若第一解调器90无法解调服务控制信道,则第一发送器91向非服务基站发送解调指令,以使得非服务基站解调与用户设备之间的非服务数据信道,服务基站根据非服务基站返回的授权指令,向用户设备下发第二授权信息,以使得用户设备根据第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0167] When the first demodulator 90 can not service the control channel demodulation, the transmitter 91 transmits a first instruction to the non-serving base station demodulator, so that the non-serving non-serving demodulated data channel between a base station and user equipment, the non-serving base station serving base station returns authorization instructions, and to send the user authorization information of the second device to enable the user equipment to know the amount of data per data uploading according to the second authorization information.

[0168] 进一步地,若第一解调器90正常解调服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性(SI)信息,第一发送器91向用户设备下发绝对授权信息;或者, [0168] Further, if the first demodulator 90 demodulates the information is just the normal signal integrity (SI) the control channel information obtained by the service, the first transmitter 91 to send the absolute grant message at the user equipment; or

[0169] 若第一解调器90正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性 [0169] When the first demodulator 90 the service information of the obtained channel normally demodulated signal integrity further comprises in addition

(SI)信息之外的信息,第一发送器91向用户设备下发相对授权信息。 (SI) information in addition to information, the first transmitter 91 to send the user equipment relative grant information.

[0170] 本发明实施例提供一种非服务基站10,如图12所示,包括: [0170] The present invention provides a non-serving base station 10, 12, comprising:

[0171] 第二接收器101,用于接收来自服务基站的调度指令,调度指令为服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的; [0171] The second receiver 101 for receiving a scheduling command from the serving base station, the scheduling command to transmit the service when the serving base station determines a data channel between the user equipment and can not be demodulated correctly;

[0172] 调度器102,用于根据调度指令为用户设备预留调度资源,调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 [0172] The scheduler 102 for scheduling a user equipment to reserve resources according to the scheduling command, scheduling resources comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulated data.

[0173] 进一步地,第二接收器101还用于,接收来自所述服务基站的解调指令,所述解调指令为所述服务基站无法解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道时发送的; [0173] Further, the second receiver 101 is further configured to, receives the demodulated instruction from the serving base station, the demodulation instruction to the serving base station can not demodulate the control channel between the service and the user equipment when sent;

[0174] 如图13所示,非服务基站10还包括: [0174] As illustrated, the non-serving base station 1310 further comprises:

[0175] 第二解调器103,用于根据第二接收器101接收到的解调指令解调与所述用户设备之间的非服务控制信道,并生成授权指令; [0175] The second demodulator 103, a non-serving control channel demodulation based on the demodulation between the second receiver 101 receives an instruction to the user equipment, and generating an authorization instruction;

[0176] 第二发送器104,用于向所述服务基站发送所述授权指令,以使得服务基站根据所述授权指令,向所述用户设备下发第二授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0176] The second transmitter 104, for transmitting the authorization instruction to the serving base station, so that the serving base station according to the authorization command to send the authorization information to the second user equipment, so that the user equipment the amount of data that each upload data according to the second authorization information.

[0177] 进一步地,若第二解调器103解调非服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性(SI)信息,第二发送器104向服务基站发送第一授权指令,以使得服务基站根据第一授权指令向用户设备下发绝对授权信息;或者, [0177] Furthermore, if the non-serving control channel information obtained by the second demodulator 103 demodulates only the signal integrity (SI) message, the second transmitter 104 sends a first instruction to the serving base station authorization, so that the the serving base station send the absolute grant information to the user apparatus according to the first authorization instruction; or

[0178] 若第二解调器103解调非服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性(SI)信息之外的信息,第二发送器104向服务基站发送第二授权指令,以使得服务基站根据第二授权指令向所述用户设备下发相对授权信息。 [0178] When information of the second demodulator 103 demodulates the obtained non-serving control channel further includes information other than the signal integrity (SI) message, the second transmitter 104 sends the second authorization instruction to the serving base station, to the serving base station so that information to send the relative grant to the user equipment according to a second authorization instructions.

[0179] 进一步地,第二发送器104具体用于,若所述信用度资源小于预设阈值,则向所述用户设备发送一个或多个第三授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据一个或多个第三授权信息,得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0179] Further, the second transmitter 104 is configured to, if the credit is less than a predetermined threshold value resource, the one or more third transmitting authorization information to the user equipment, so that the user apparatus according to one or a plurality of third authorization information, the amount of data that each upload data.

[0180] 本发明实施例提供一种用户设备11,如图14所示,包括: [0180] The present invention provides a user device 11, shown in Figure 14, comprising:

[0181] 第三接收器110,用于接收来自服务基站的授权信息,以根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 [0181] The third receiver 110, for receiving authorization information from the serving base station, the authorization information in accordance with the amount of data that each upload data, the authorization information to the serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly and when the service data channel between the user equipment, the service transmits the service after the channel between the base station and demodulating the user equipment.

[0182] 进一步地,第三接收器110具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的第一授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述第一授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站能够正常解调所述服务控制信道后发送的。 [0182] Further, the third receiver 110 is specifically configured to receive the first authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that the data amount of each upload data according to the first authorization information, the when the first authorization information for the service base station determines that the service can not demodulate the data channel between the user equipment properly, the serving base station can be normally demodulated control channel transmission after the service.

[0183] 进一步地,第三接收器110具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的第二授权信息,用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述第二授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站无法解调服务控制信道后发送的。 [0183] Further, the third receiver 110 is specifically configured to receive the second authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that the data amount per upload authorization data based on the second information, the second when the authorization information to the serving base station determines that the service can not demodulate the data channel between the user equipment correctly, the base station after transmitting the service can not be demodulated control channel services.

[0184] 进一步地,第三接收器110还用于,接收来自所述非服务基站的一个或多个第三授权信息,用户设备根据所述一个或多个第三授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 [0184] Further, the third receiver 110 is further configured to receive one or more third authorization information from the non-serving base station, the user equipment that each uploaded from the one or more third authorization information the amount of data.

[0185] 进一步地,第三接收器110具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的绝对授权信息,用户设备根据所述绝对授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述绝对授权信息为当所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性(SI)信息时,所述服务基站发送的;或者, [0185] Further, the third receiver 110 is configured to receive absolute grant from the serving base station information, the user equipment based on the absolute grant information that the amount of data per data uploading, the absolute grant information information of the serving base station when the service channel normally demodulated obtained when only (SI) signal integrity information, sent by the serving base station; or

[0186] 第三接收器110具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的相对授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述绝对授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述相对授权信息为当所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性(SI)信息之外的信息时,所述服务基站发送的。 [0186] DETAILED third receiver 110 for receiving information relative grant from the serving base station, the user equipment based on the absolute grant information that the amount of data per data uploading, when the relative grant information when the serving base station normally demodulated control channel the service information further includes information obtained in addition to the signal integrity (SI) message, sent by the serving base station.

[0187] 本发明实施例提供的调度装置,通过当服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,并向非服务基站发送调度指令,从而,用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站根据调度指令为用户设备预留调度资源。 [0187] scheduling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, when the serving base station determines that the service data channel between the user equipment and can not be demodulated correctly, the service channel between the serving base station and demodulates the user equipment to the user equipment transmitting authorization information to the non-serving base station scheduling instructions so that, the amount of data that each user equipment based on the data upload authorization information, as non-serving user equipment reserved resource scheduling according to the scheduling command. 通过该方案,即使用户设备处于软切换区域,也能够使得用户设备得知每次上传数据的数据量,并通过非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据,进而能够为用户设备进行正常的服务。 With this scheme, even if the user equipment is in a soft handover region, it is possible that the user equipment that the data amount of each upload data, and the user equipment demodulates the data uploaded by the non-serving base station, and further to ensure normal service to the user equipment.

[0188] 本发明实施例提供一种服务基站14,如图15所不,包括: [0188] The present invention provides 14, 15 are not a service station, comprising:

[0189] 获取模块141,用于获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,以及获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,所述非服务链路质量是由所述非服务基站测量的与所述用户设备之间的非服务链路质量; [0189] 141 acquisition module configured to obtain a link between the quality of service and the user equipment, and acquires the link quality of a non-serving base station from a non-serving and non-serving the link quality is measured by the non-serving base station non-service link quality between the user equipment;

[0190] 判断模块142,用于确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值; [0190] determining module 142 for determining a difference between the link quality of the link quality of service with the non-serving;

[0191] 处理模块143,用于当所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第一预设门限大于0,或者,当所述服务链路质量与所述非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第二预设门限小于O。 [0191] The processing module 143, configured to, when the link quality and the service quality of the non-serving difference is greater than a first preset threshold, the serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly to the user equipment service data channel between, wherein the first predetermined threshold is greater than 0, or when the serving base station serving the link quality difference between the non-serving link quality is less than a second predetermined threshold, determining a data channel between the service can not be correctly demodulated and the user equipment, wherein the second predetermined threshold is less than O.

[0192] 进一步地,服务链路质量为服务链路信噪比,非服务链路质量为非服务链路信噪比。 [0192] Furthermore, the quality of service link service link signal to noise ratio, a non-service link quality of service link signal to noise ratio.

[0193] 本发明实施例提供的判断链路不平衡的装置,服务基站获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,并获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,进而服务基站确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值,当非服务链路质量与服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限,或者当服务链路质量与非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道。 [0193] Link quality between the user equipment acquires the link imbalance is determined according to an apparatus embodiment of the present invention, the serving base station, and acquires the link quality from a non-serving base station is non-serving, said serving base station determines in turn the difference between the non-serving link quality and link quality of the service, when the difference between the non-serving link quality and link quality of service than the first preset threshold, or when the link quality of service and non-service chain channel quality difference is smaller than a second preset threshold, the serving base station determines the service data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated. 通过该方案,服务基站能够判断出用户设备处于上行链路不平衡的场景中。 By this scheme, the serving base station can determine that the user equipment is in an uplink scenario in unbalanced.

[0194] 本发明实施例提供一种服务基站15,如图16所不,包括: [0194] The present invention provides a serving base station 15, 16 are not, comprising:

[0195] 数据解调模块151,用于解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的所述用户设备上传的数据; [0195] Data demodulation module 151, the data uploaded by the user equipment for service data demodulation and channel between the user equipment;

[0196] 第二判断模块152,用于判断正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值; [0196] The second determination module 152, the ratio of the amount of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment determines the correct demodulated data for;

[0197] 第二处理模块153,用于当所述正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第一预设比例介于O到I之间,或者,当所述用户设备上传的数据量与所述正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第二预设比例大于I。 [0197] The second processing module 153, when the ratio of the amount of data for the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment is less than a first demodulated correctly when a preset ratio, the serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly and the service data channel between the user equipment, the first predetermined ratio range between O I, or when the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment with the correct amount of data is greater than the ratio of the demodulated when a second preset ratio, the serving base station determines not be demodulated service data channel between the user equipment correctly, the second predetermined ratio is greater than I.

[0198] 本发明实施例提供的判断链路不平衡的装置,服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的用户设备上传的数据,进而判断服务基站正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值,当正确解调出的数据量与用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例,或者当用户设备上传的数据量与正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,服务基站确定服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道。 [0198] user equipment to upload data service channel between the link imbalance determination of an embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention, the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates the data, and then determine the amount of the data service with the base station demodulated correctly the ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment, when the data is correctly demodulated and the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment of the ratio is less than a first predetermined ratio, or the data amount of the user equipment uploads demodulated correctly when the when the ratio is greater than a second predetermined ratio, determines that the service serving base station can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment correctly. 通过该方案,月艮务基站能够判断出用户设备处于上行链路不平衡的场景中。 By this scheme, the base station that works to month can be determined that the scene in the user equipment in the uplink imbalance.

[0199] 本发明实施例提供一种通信系统,如图17所示,包括: [0199] The present invention provides a communication system, shown in Figure 17, comprising:

[0200] 服务基站9,用于确定无法正确解调与用户设备11之间的服务数据信道,解调与所述用户设备11之间的服务控制信道,以向所述用户设备11发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备11根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,以及向非服务基站10发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站10为所述用户设备11预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站10解调数据所需的信用度资源; [0200] The serving base station 9, for determining the service can not demodulate the control channel between the user equipment 11 and the channel between the service data 11, demodulated correctly with the user equipment to send an authorization message to the user equipment 11 , so that the user apparatus 11 according to the authorization data information that the amount of each upload data, and transmits the scheduling command to the 10 non-serving base station, so that the non-serving base station 10 to the user equipment, the scheduler 11 reserved resource, the resource including at least the scheduling resources required credit the non-serving base station 10 the demodulated data;

[0201] 非服务基站10,用于接收来自所述服务基站9的调度指令,所述调度指令为当所述服务基站9确定无法正确解调所述服务基站与所述用户设备11之间的服务数据信道时发送的,以及根据所述调度指令为所述用户设备11预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站10解调数据所需的信用度资源; [0201] non-serving base station 10, for receiving a scheduling command from the serving base station 9, the scheduling instruction to determine when the serving base station 9 can not correctly demodulate the serving base station and the user equipment 11 between the transmission channel data service, and according to the scheduling command to the user equipment 11 to reserve resource scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station 10 the demodulated data;

[0202] 用户设备11,用于接收来自所述服务基站9的授权信息,根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为当所述服务基站9确定无法正确解调所述服务基站与所述用户设备11之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站9解调与所述用户设备11之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 [0202] User equipment 11, for receiving authorization information from the serving base station 9, the amount of data that each upload data, the authorization according to the authorization information to determine when the serving base station 9 can not be resolved correctly when adjusting the serving base station and the user equipment service data channel 11 between the service after the service of transmitting a control channel between the base station 11 demodulates the user equipment 9.

[0203] 本发明实施例提供的一种通信系统,当服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,通过服务基站解调与用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向用户设备发送授权信息,并向非服务基站发送调度指令,从而,用户设备根据授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,非服务基站根据调度指令为用户设备预留调度资源。 [0203] A communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention, when the serving base station determines that the service data channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated by a control channel between the serving base station and demodulating the user equipment to the the user equipment transmits authorization information to non-serving base station transmits the scheduling command to the user equipment that upload data amount of each data according to the authorization information, as non-serving user equipment reserved resource scheduling according to the scheduling command. 通过该方案,即使用户设备处于软切换区域,也能够使得用户设备得知每次上传数据的数据量,并通过非服务基站解调用户设备上传的数据,进而能够为用户设备进行正常的服务。 With this scheme, even if the user equipment is in a soft handover region, it is possible that the user equipment that the data amount of each upload data, and the user equipment demodulates the data uploaded by the non-serving base station, and further to ensure normal service to the user equipment.

[0204] 所属领域的技术人员可以清楚地了解到,为描述的方便和简洁,仅以上述各功能模块的划分进行举例说明,实际应用中,可以根据需要而将上述功能分配由不同的功能模块完成,即将装置的内部结构划分成不同的功能模块,以完成以上描述的全部或者部分功能。 [0204] Those skilled in the art may clearly understand that, for convenience and brevity of description, only the division of the functional modules is illustrated, in practice, according to the necessity foregoing functions by different functional modules completed, the internal structure of the apparatus is divided into different functional modules to complete all or part of the functions described above. 上述描述的系统,装置和单元的具体工作过程,可以参考前述方法实施例中的对应过程,在此不再赘述。 Specific working process of the foregoing system, apparatus, and unit, reference may be the corresponding process in the method embodiment, which is not repeated herein.

[0205] 在本申请所提供的几个实施例中,应该理解到,所揭露的系统,装置和方法,可以通过其它的方式实现。 [0205] In several embodiments provided herein present embodiment, it should be understood that the system, apparatus and method disclosed may be implemented in other manners. 例如,以上所描述的装置实施例仅仅是示意性的,例如,所述模块或单元的划分,仅仅为一种逻辑功能划分,实际实现时可以有另外的划分方式,例如多个单元或组件可以结合或者可以集成到另一个系统,或一些特征可以忽略,或不执行。 For example, the described apparatus embodiments are merely illustrative of, e.g., the module or unit division is merely logical function division, there may be other division in actual implementation, a plurality of units or components may e.g. be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. 另一点,所显示或讨论的相互之间的耦合或直接耦合或通信连接可以是通过一些接口,装置或单元的间接耦合或通信连接,可以是电性,机械或其它的形式。 Another point, displayed or coupling or direct coupling or communication between interconnected in question may be through some interface, device, or indirect coupling or communication connection unit, may be electrical, mechanical, or other forms.

[0206] 所述作为分离部件说明的单元可以是或者也可以不是物理上分开的,作为单元显示的部件可以是或者也可以不是物理单元,即可以位于一个地方,或者也可以分布到多个网络单元上。 [0206] The unit described as separate components may be or may not be physically separate, parts displayed as units may be or may not be physical units, i.e. may be located in one place, or may be distributed to a plurality of networks unit. 可以根据实际的需要选择其中的部分或者全部单元来实现本实施例方案的目的。 You can select some or all of the units according to actual needs to achieve the object of the solutions of the embodiments.

[0207]另外,在本发明各个实施例中的各功能单元可以集成在一个处理单元中,也可以是各个单元单独物理存在,也可以两个或两个以上单元集成在一个单元中。 [0207] Additionally, functional units may be integrated in various embodiments of the present invention in a processing unit, separate units may be physically present, may be two or more units are integrated into one unit. 上述集成的单元既可以采用硬件的形式实现,也可以采用软件功能单元的形式实现。 The integrated unit may be implemented in the form of hardware, software functional units may also be implemented.

[0208] 所述集成的单元如果以软件功能单元的形式实现并作为独立的产品销售或使用时,可以存储在一个计算机可读取存储介质中。 [0208] If the integrated unit is realized as an independent product sold or used in the form of a software functional unit may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. 基于这样的理解,本发明的技术方案本质上或者说对现有技术做出贡献的部分或者该技术方案的全部或部分可以以软件产品的形式体现出来,该计算机软件产品存储在一个存储介质中,包括若干指令用以使得一台计算机设备(可以是个人计算机,服务器,或者网络设备等)或处理器(processor)执行本发明各个实施例所述方法的全部或部分步骤。 Based on such understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention essentially, or the part or all of the technical solutions contributing to the prior art may be embodied in part or in the form of a software product, which computer software product is stored in a storage medium , including several instructions for instructing a computer device (may be a personal computer, a server, or network device) or (processor) to perform all or part of the steps of the methods of the various embodiments of the present invention. 而前述的存储介质包括:U盘、移动硬盘、只读存储器(ROM,Read-Only Memory)、随机存取存储器(RAM,Random Access Memory)、磁碟或者光盘等各种可以存储程序代码的介质。 The storage medium includes: U disk, mobile hard disk, a read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), a random access various memories (RAM, Random Access Memory), a magnetic disk, or an optical medium can store program codes .

[0209] 以上所述,仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0209] The above are only specific embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any skilled in the art in the art within the technical scope of the present invention is disclosed, variations may readily occur or Alternatively, it shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明的保护范围应以所述权利要求的保护范围为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention should be defined by the scope of the claims.

Claims (33)

1.一种调度方法,其特征在于,包括: 服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道; 所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量; 所述服务基站向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 A scheduling method, characterized by comprising: a serving base station determines the service channel data service between a base station and user equipment can not be demodulated correctly; service control between the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates channel for transmitting authorization information to the user apparatus, so that the user authorization information according to the apparatus that the data amount of each upload data; the serving base station transmits the scheduling command to the non-serving base station, so that the non- serving base station to the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulated data.
2.根据权利要求1所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,包括: 所述服务基站获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量; 所述服务基站获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,所述非服务链路质量是由所述非服务基站测量的与所述用户设备之间的非服务链路质量; 所述服务基站确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值; 当所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第一预设门限大于O; 或者, 当所述服务链路质量与所述非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道, The scheduling method according to claim 1, wherein the serving base station determines that the service data service channel between the base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, comprising: the serving base station and the user equipment acquires the link between the quality of service; link quality of the serving base station acquires from a non-serving non-serving base station, the non-serving link quality is measured by the non-serving base station is non-serving link between the user equipment and quality of the road; the serving base station determines a difference between the non-serving link quality and link quality of service; and when the difference between the non-serving link quality and link quality of service is greater than the first a preset threshold, the serving base station determines the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment, wherein the first predetermined threshold is greater than O; or when the service link Poor quality of the non-serving link quality is less than a second preset threshold, the serving base station determines that the service data service channel between the base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, 中,所述第二预设门限小于O。 , The second predetermined threshold is less than O.
3.根据权利要求2所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述服务链路质量为服务链路信噪比,所述非服务链路质量为非服务链路信噪比。 3. The scheduling method according to claim 2, wherein the link quality of service for the service link signal to noise ratio, the non-serving link quality SNR for non-service link.
4.根据权利要求1所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,包括: 所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的所述用户设备上传的数据; 所述服务基站判断所述服务基站正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值; 当所述正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第一预设比例介于O到I之间;或者, 当所述用户设备上传的数据量与所述正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第二预设比例大于I。 The scheduling method according to claim 1, wherein the serving base station determines that the service data service channel between the base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, comprising: the serving base station and demodulating the the user equipment uploading service data channel between the user equipment transactions; the serving base station determines the serving base station to correctly demodulate the data amount ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment; when the correct when the ratio of the amount of data and the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment is less than a first predetermined demodulated ratio, the serving base station determines that the service data service channel between the base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, the first predetermined ratio ranging between O I; Alternatively, when the ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment and the correct amount of data is greater than a second preset demodulated ratio, the serving base station determining the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment, the second predetermined ratio is greater than I.
5.根据权利要求1所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,包括: 若所述服务基站能够正常解调所述服务控制信道,所述服务基站向所述用户设备下发第一授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量; 若所述服务基站无法解调服务控制信道,所述服务基站向所述非服务基站发送解调指令,以使得所述非服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的非服务数据信道并向所述服务基站发送授权指令,所述服务基站根据所述授权指令,向所述用户设备下发第二授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 The scheduling method according to claim 1, wherein the service channel between the base station serving the user demodulating apparatus for transmitting authorization information to the user apparatus, so that the user equipment the information that the authorization data each time the amount of uploading, comprising: the serving base station if said service can be normally demodulated control channel, the serving base station to the first authorization information issued to the user equipment, so that the the amount of data that each user apparatus according to the first data upload authorization information; if the serving base station can not demodulate the control channel services, the serving base station transmits a demodulation instruction to the non-serving base station, such that the non-service data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment demodulates the serving base station sending an authorization instruction, the serving base station according to the authorization command, authorization information sent to the second device at the user , so that the amount of data that each user equipment based on the second data upload authorization information.
6.根据权利要求5所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述若所述服务基站能够正常解调所述服务控制信道,所述服务基站向所述用户设备下发第一授权信息,包括: 若所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性SI信息,所述服务基站向所述用户设备下发绝对授权信息;或者, 若所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性SI信息之外的信息,所述服务基站向所述用户设备下发相对授权信息。 6. The scheduling method as claimed in claim 5, wherein said serving base station if the service can normally demodulate the control channel, the serving base station to the first authorization information issued to the user equipment, comprising : If the signal integrity of the serving base station SI information of the service channel normally demodulated obtained only, the serving base station to send the absolute grant message at the user equipment; Alternatively, if the serving base station normally demodulating said control channel information obtained by the service information further includes information other than the SI signal integrity, relative to the serving base station to send authorization information to the user equipment.
7.根据权利要求6所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述绝对授权信息为一个无线链路控制RLC包的绝对授权信息,允许所述用户设备每次上传一个RLC包的数据量; 所述相对授权信息为相对授权增量信息。 7. The scheduling method according to claim 6, wherein the absolute grant information as a packet of the RLC absolute grant information, allowing the user to upload device data amount per one RLC packet; the said relative grant is a relative grant information increment information.
8.根据权利要求1所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述服务基站与非服务基站的频点相同。 8. The scheduling method according to claim 1, wherein the service base station and the same frequency of the non-serving base station.
9.一种调度方法,其特征在于,包括: 非服务基站接收来自服务基站的调度指令,所述调度指令为所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的; 所述非服务基站根据所述调度指令为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源; 若所述信用度资源小于预设阈值,则向所述用户设备发送一个或多个第三授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据一个或多个第三授权信息,得知每次上传数据的数据量。 A scheduling method, characterized by comprising: a non-serving base station receives a scheduling command from the serving base station, the scheduling instruction to the serving base station determines the serving base station can not demodulate the data service between the user equipment and the correct transmission of the channel; the non-serving base station to the user equipment resource scheduling according to the scheduling reservation instruction, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulates the data; if the credit resources less than a preset threshold, the one or more third transmitting authorization information to the user equipment, so that the user apparatus according to one or more third authorization information, that the amount of data per data uploading.
10.根据权利要求9所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括: 所述非服务基站接收来自所述服务基站的解调指令,所述解调指令为所述服务基站确定无法解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道时发送的; 所述非服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的非服务控制信道,并生成授权指令; 所述非服务基站向所述服务基站发送所述授权指令,以使得服务基站根据所述授权指令,向所述用户设备下发第二授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 10. The scheduling method of claim 9, wherein said method further comprises: demodulating the non-serving base station receives an instruction from the serving base station, the demodulation instruction to the serving base station can not be determined a service channel transmitted between the user device and demodulating; the non-control channel between the non-serving base station serving the user equipment demodulates, and generates an authorization command; the non-serving base station to the serving base station the authorization instruction, so that the serving base station according to the authorization command to send the authorization information to the second user equipment, so that the user equipment that upload data each second authorization information according to the The amount of data.
11.根据权利要求10所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述非服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的非服务控制信道,并生成授权指令,包括: 若所述非服务基站解调所述非服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性SI信息,则所述非服务基站向所述服务基站发送第一授权指令,以使得所述服务基站根据所述第一授权指令向所述用户设备下发绝对授权信息;或者, 若所述非服务基站解调所述非服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性SI信息之外的信息,所述非服务基站向所述服务基站发送第二授权指令,以使得所述服务基站根据所述第二授权指令向所述用户设备下发相对授权信息。 11. The scheduling method of claim 10, wherein the non-control channel between the non-serving base station serving the user equipment demodulates, and generates an authorization instruction, comprising: a non-serving base station if the solution the non-serving control channel tone information obtained only signal integrity SI information, the non-serving base station sends a first instruction to authorize the serving base station, so that the serving base station according to the first authorization instruction the user equipment to send the absolute grant information; Alternatively, the non-serving base station information if the non-serving control channel demodulating the obtained information further includes information other than the SI signal integrity, the non-serving base station the serving base station transmits a second authorization instructions, such that the serving base station according to the second authorization instruction information sent under the relative grant to the user equipment.
12.根据权利要求11所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述绝对授权信息为一个无线链路控制RLC包的绝对授权信息,允许所述用户设备每次上传一个RLC包的数据量; 所述相对授权信息为相对授权增量信息。 12. The scheduling method as claimed in claim 11, wherein the absolute grant information as a packet of the RLC absolute grant information, allowing the user to upload device data amount per one RLC packet; the said relative grant is a relative grant information increment information.
13.根据权利要求9-12任一项所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述服务基站与非服务基站的频点相同。 13. A scheduling method according to any of claims 9-12, wherein the service base station and the same frequency of the non-serving base station.
14.一种调度方法,其特征在于,包括: 用户设备接收来自服务基站的授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 14. A scheduling method, characterized by comprising: a user equipment receives authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment according to the authorization data each time the amount of information that the uploaded data, the authorization information for the service when serving base station determines the data service channel between the base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment with the service after the service transmitted between the base station demodulates the control channel with the user equipment.
15.根据权利要求14所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述用户设备接收来自服务基站的授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的,包括: 所述用户设备接收来自所述服务基站的第一授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述第一授权信息为当所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站能够正常解调所述服务控制信道后发送的。 15. The scheduling method of claim 14, wherein the user equipment receives the authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that the amount of data per data uploading, the authorization according to the authorization information determining the serving base station when the information can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment to the serving base station correctly, the service channel between the base station serving the user equipment demodulates the transmitted, comprising : the user equipment receives the first authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that the data amount of each upload authorization data based on the first information when the first authorization information to the serving base station when the service data channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, the serving base station can be normally demodulated control channel transmission after the service.
16.根据权利要求14所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述用户设备接收来自服务基站的授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的,包括: 所述用户设备接收来自所述服务基站的第二授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述第二授权信息为当所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站无法解调服务控制信道后发送的。 16. The scheduling method of claim 14, wherein the user equipment receives the authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that the amount of data per data uploading, the authorization according to the authorization information determining the serving base station when the information can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment to the serving base station correctly, the service channel between the base station serving the user equipment demodulates the transmitted, comprising : the second user equipment receives the authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that the data amount of each upload authorization data based on the second information, the second information is authorized when the serving base station when the service data channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated, the serving base station can not demodulate the control channel transmitted service.
17.根据权利要求14所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括: 所述用户设备接收来自非服务基站的一个或多个第三授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述一个或多个第三授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 17. The scheduling method of claim 14, wherein said method further comprises: the user equipment receiving one or more third authorization information from a non-serving base station, the user equipment based on the one or a plurality of third authorization information that the amount of data each upload data.
18.根据权利要求15所述的调度方法,其特征在于,所述用户设备接收来自所述服务基站的第一授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述第一授权信息为当所述服务基站无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站能够正常解调所述服务控制信道后发送的,包括: 所述用户设备接收来自所述服务基站的绝对授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述绝对授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述绝对授权信息为当所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性SI信息时,所述服务基站发送的;或者, 所述用户设备接收来自所述服务基站的相对授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述绝对授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述相对授权信息为当所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信 18. The scheduling method of claim 15, wherein the user equipment receives the first authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment that upload data each time said first authorization information according to when the service data channel between the data amount, when the first authorization information to the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the user equipment, the serving base station can be normally demodulated transmitted after the service channel, comprising: the said user equipment receives the absolute grant from the serving base station information, the apparatus according to the user authorization information of the absolute amount of data that each upload data, the absolute grant information to the serving base station normally demodulated when the service control channel information obtained when only the signal integrity SI information transmitted by the serving base station; Alternatively, the user equipment receives information relative grant from the serving base station, the user equipment in accordance with the absolute grant that the amount of information per data uploading data, the relative grant information is normally demodulated when the service control information of the serving base station 道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性SI信息之外的信息时,所述服务基站发送的。 The obtained information further includes channel information other than the SI information signal integrity, the transmission of the serving base station.
19.一种服务基站,其特征在于,包括: 第一解调器,用于确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道; 第一发送器,用于向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,以及向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源。 19. A serving base station, characterized by comprising: a first demodulator for the service channel between a service data channel is not correctly demodulated determined between the user equipment, the user equipment demodulates ; a first transmitter for transmitting authorization information to the user apparatus, so that the apparatus according to the user authorization information each time that the amount of data to upload data, and transmitting the scheduling command to the non-serving base station, such that the said non-serving base station to the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for the non-serving base station demodulated data.
20.根据权利要求19所述的服务基站,其特征在于,还包括: 获取模块,用于获取与用户设备之间的服务链路质量,以及获取来自非服务基站的非服务链路质量,所述非服务链路质量是由所述非服务基站测量的与所述用户设备之间的非服务链路质量; 判断模块,用于确定所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的之间的差值; 处理模块,用于当所述非服务链路质量与所述服务链路质量的差值大于第一预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第一预设门限大于0,或者,当所述服务链路质量与所述非服务链路质量的差小于第二预设门限时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,其中,所述第二预设门限小于O。 20. The serving base station according to claim 19, characterized in that, further comprising: an obtaining module, configured to obtain a link between the quality of service to the user equipment, and acquires the link quality of a non-serving base station from the non-serving, the said non-serving link quality of service is a non-link quality between the non-serving base station by the user equipment measurements; determining means for determining the non-serving link quality and link quality of service a difference between; a processing module, configured to, when the non-serving link quality and link quality of service of the difference is greater than a first preset threshold, the serving base station determines not be demodulated correctly to the user a data channel between the service devices, wherein said first predetermined threshold is greater than 0, or when the link quality of service with the non-serving link quality difference is smaller than a second predetermined threshold, determining the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment, wherein the second predetermined threshold is less than O.
21.根据权利要求20所述的服务基站,其特征在于,所述服务链路质量为服务链路信噪比,所述非服务链路质量为非服务链路信噪比。 21. The serving base station according to claim 20, wherein the link quality of service for the service link signal to noise ratio, the non-serving link quality SNR for non-service link.
22.根据权利要求19所述的服务基站,其特征在于,还包括: 数据解调模块,用于解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道中的所述用户设备上传的数据; 第二判断模块,用于判断正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值; 第二处理模块,用于当所述正确解调出的数据量与所述用户设备上传的数据量的比值小于第一预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第一预设比例介于O到I之间,或者,当所述用户设备上传的数据量与所述正确解调出的数据量的比值大于第二预设比例时,确定所述服务基站无法正确解调与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道,所述第二预设比例大于I。 22. The serving base station according to claim 19, characterized in that, further comprising: a data demodulation module, the data for the user equipment to upload data service channel between the user equipment and demodulation; determining a second module, the amount ratio of the amount of data uploaded by the user equipment determines the correct demodulated data for; a second processing module, the correct amount of data when the demodulated data amount of the user equipment uploads when the ratio is less than a first predetermined ratio, determining the serving base station can not correctly demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment, the first predetermined ratio range between O I, or, if the when the ratio of the amount of data of said user equipment to upload data to the correct amount is greater than a second preset demodulated ratio, determining the serving base station can not demodulate the data channel between the service and the user equipment correctly, the ratio is greater than a second predetermined I.
23.根据权利要求19所述的服务基站,其特征在于, 若所述第一解调器能够正常解调所述服务控制信道,所述第一发送器向所述用户设备下发第一授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量; 若所述第一解调器无法解调服务控制信道,所述第一发送器向所述非服务基站发送解调指令,以使得所述非服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的非服务数据信道,所述服务基站根据所述非服务基站返回的授权指令,向所述用户设备下发第二授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 23. The serving base station according to claim 19, wherein, if the first demodulator capable of demodulating the regular service channel, said first transmitter to send the first authorization of the user equipment information to the user equipment so that the data amount of each upload data according to the first authorization information; if said first demodulator demodulates the service can not control channel, said first transmitter to the non- serving base station demodulates the command, so that the non-serving channel data between said non-serving base station demodulates the user equipment, the serving base station in accordance with authorization instructions of the non-serving base station returns to the user equipments second authorization information is sent to the user equipment so that the data amount of each upload data according to the second authorization information.
24.根据权利要求23所述的服务基站,其特征在于, 若所述第一解调器正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性SI信息,所述第一发送器向所述用户设备下发绝对授权信息;或者, 若所述第一解调器正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性SI信息之外的信息,所述第一发送器向所述用户设备下发相对授权信息。 24. The serving base station according to claim 23, wherein, if said first demodulator demodulates the normal service of the control channel information obtained by only the SI information signal integrity, the first transmission transmitting to a user device at the absolute grant information; alternatively, if said first demodulator demodulates the information normally obtained service control channel further comprises information other than the SI information signal integrity, the first a transmitter to send the relative grant to the user equipment information.
25.一种非服务基站,其特征在于,包括: 第二接收器,用于接收来自服务基站的调度指令,所述调度指令为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的; 调度器,用于根据所述调度指令为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源; 第二发送器,用于若所述信用度资源小于预设阈值,则向所述用户设备发送一个或多个第三授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据一个或多个第三授权信息,得知每次上传数据的数据量。 25. A non-serving base station, characterized by comprising: a second receiver for receiving a scheduling command from the serving base station, the scheduling instruction to the serving base station determines the service between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated and the data transmission channel; a scheduler for scheduling according to the instructions for the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least credit resources required for non-serving base station demodulates the data; and a second transmitter, by when the credit resources to less than a preset threshold, the one or more third transmitting authorization information to the user equipment, so that the user information apparatus according to one or more third authorization data that each upload The amount of data.
26.根据权利要求25所述的非服务基站,其特征在于, 所述第二接收器还用于,接收来自所述服务基站的解调指令,所述解调指令为所述服务基站无法解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道时发送的; 所述非服务基站还包括: 第二解调器,用于根据所述第二接收器接收到的解调指令解调与所述用户设备之间的非服务控制信道,并生成授权指令; 所述第二发送器,还用于向所述服务基站发送所述授权指令,以使得服务基站根据所述授权指令,向所述用户设备下发第二授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 26. The non-serving base station according to claim 25, wherein the second receiver is further configured to, receives the demodulated instruction from the serving base station, the serving base station can not demodulate the instruction is a solution when the service control channel transmitted between the user device and the tone; the non-serving base station further comprises: a second demodulator for demodulating the received command according to the second receiver and the demodulator non-serving control channel between the user equipment and generates an authorization instruction; the second transmitter further configured to send the authorization instruction to the serving base station, so that the serving base station according to the authorization instruction to the user send a second authorization information device, so that the amount of data that each user equipment based on the second data upload authorization information.
27.根据权利要求26所述的非服务基站,其特征在于, 若所述第二解调器解调所述非服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性SI信息,所述第二发送器向所述服务基站发送第一授权指令,以使得所述服务基站根据所述第一授权指令向所述用户设备下发绝对授权信息;或者, 若所述第二解调器解调所述非服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性SI信息之外的信息,所述第二发送器向所述服务基站发送第二授权指令,以使得所述服务基站根据所述第二授权指令向所述用户设备下发相对授权信息。 27. The non-serving base station according to claim 26, wherein, if the information of said second demodulator demodulates the obtained non-serving channel signal integrity, only SI information, the second the transmitter transmits to the serving base station a first authorization instruction information to the serving base station such that the absolute grant issued to the apparatus according to the first user authorization command; or, if said second demodulator demodulates said non-serving control channel information further includes information obtained in addition to the signal integrity of SI information, the second transmitter transmits the second authorization instruction to the serving base station, so that the serving base station according to the second authorization instruction to send the relative grant to the user equipment information.
28.一种用户设备,其特征在于,包括: 第三接收器,用于接收来自服务基站的授权信息,以根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 28. A user equipment, comprising: a third receiver for receiving authorization information from the serving base station, the authorization information in accordance with the amount of data that each upload data, the information of the authorization when said service serving base station determines a data channel between the user equipment can not be demodulated correctly, the service after the service transmitted between the base station demodulates the control channel with the user equipment.
29.根据权利要求28所述的用户设备,其特征在于,所述第三接收器具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的第一授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述第一授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述第一授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站能够正常解调所述服务控制信道后发送的。 29. The user equipment according to claim 28, characterized in that, the third receiver is configured to receive the first authorization information from the serving base station, the first user equipment according to the obtained authorization information when the amount of each known data upload, the first authorization information for determining the service data channel between the user equipment can not be correctly demodulated to the serving base station, the serving base station can normally demodulate the service channel sent.
30.根据权利要求28所述的用户设备,其特征在于,所述第三接收器具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的第二授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述第二授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述第二授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站无法解调服务控制信道后发送的。 30. The user equipment according to claim 28, characterized in that, the third receiver is configured to receive the second authorization information from the serving base station, the user equipment according to the second authorization information obtained when the amount of each known data upload data, the second authorization information to the serving base station determines not be demodulated service data channel between the user equipment correctly, the base station after transmitting the service can not be demodulated control channel services.
31.根据权利要求28所述的用户设备,其特征在于,所述第三接收器还用于,接收来自非服务基站的一个或多个第三授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述一个或多个第三授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量。 31. The user equipment according to claim 28, characterized in that said third receiver further configured to receive one or more third authorization information from a non-serving base station, the user equipment based on the one or a plurality of third authorization information that the amount of data each upload data.
32.根据权利要求29所述的用户设备,其特征在于, 所述第三接收器具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的绝对授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述绝对授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述绝对授权信息为当所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息中仅有信号完整性SI信息时,所述服务基站发送的;或者, 所述第三接收器具体用于,接收来自所述服务基站的相对授权信息,所述用户设备根据所述绝对授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述相对授权信息为当所述服务基站正常解调所述服务控制信道所获得的信息还包括除信号完整性SI信息之外的信息时,所述服务基站发送的。 32. The user equipment according to claim 29, wherein said specific third receiver for receiving the absolute grant from the serving base station information, the user equipment according to the information that each of the absolute grant uploads the data amount of data, the absolute grant information when the information signal integrity SI information only the serving base station of the serving control channel normally demodulated obtained, sent by the serving base station; or, as in particular said third receiver for receiving information relative grant from the serving base station, the user equipment based on the absolute grant information that the amount of data per data uploading, the relative grant information when the service the serving base station normally demodulated information channel further comprises information acquired in addition to the signal integrity when SI information, sent by the serving base station.
33.一种通信系统,其特征在于,包括: 服务基站,用于确定无法正确解调与用户设备之间的服务数据信道,解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道,以向所述用户设备发送授权信息,以使得所述用户设备根据所述授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,以及向非服务基站发送调度指令,以使得所述非服务基站为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源; 非服务基站,用于接收来自所述服务基站的调度指令,所述调度指令为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调所述服务基站与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时发送的,以及根据所述调度指令为所述用户设备预留调度资源,所述调度资源至少包括所述非服务基站解调数据所需的信用度资源; 用户设备,用于接收来自所述服务基站的授权信息,根据所述 33. A communication system comprising: a serving base station, a control channel for the service between the service data channel is determined between the user equipment and can not be correctly demodulated, the demodulation of the user equipment, the order of the said user equipment sends authorization information to the user apparatus such that the authorization information according to the amount of data that each upload data, and the non-serving base station transmits the scheduling command, so that the non-serving base station to the user equipment pre scheduling resources remain, the scheduling of resources required to include at least the non-serving base station demodulates the data credit resources; non-serving base station for receiving the scheduling command from the serving base station, the scheduling instruction to the serving base station determines can not correctly demodulate the transmitted data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment service, and according to the scheduling command to the user equipment resource reservation scheduling, the scheduled resource comprising at least the non-serving base station credit resources required to demodulate the data; a user device for receiving authorization information from the serving base station, according to the 授权信息得知每次上传数据的数据量,所述授权信息为所述服务基站确定无法正确解调所述服务基站与所述用户设备之间的服务数据信道时,所述服务基站解调与所述用户设备之间的服务控制信道后发送的。 When the amount of data that each authorization information uploaded data, the authorization information for the service base station determines that the service can not correctly demodulate the data channel between the serving base station and the user equipment, the serving base station and demodulating service channel between the user equipment after.
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