CN102591290B - Crop pest intelligent monitoring management system - Google Patents

Crop pest intelligent monitoring management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102591290B
CN102591290B CN201210045346.4A CN201210045346A CN102591290B CN 102591290 B CN102591290 B CN 102591290B CN 201210045346 A CN201210045346 A CN 201210045346A CN 102591290 B CN102591290 B CN 102591290B
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China
Prior art keywords
crop
pesticide spraying
supervisory control
control comuter
pest
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CN201210045346.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102591290A (en
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蔡诗伟
蔡学俊
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蔡诗伟
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Priority to CN201210045346.4A priority Critical patent/CN102591290B/en
Publication of CN102591290A publication Critical patent/CN102591290A/en
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Publication of CN102591290B publication Critical patent/CN102591290B/en

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    • Y02P80/114

Abstract

The invention relates to a crop pest intelligent monitoring management system which is characterized by comprising a monitoring computer and a pesticide spraying device arranged in a crop growing field, wherein the monitoring computer drives the pesticide spraying device connected therewith. A time controller and a pesticide spraying selection drive module are arranged in the monitoring computer; and the time controller controls to start a corresponding nozzle of the pesticide spraying device through the pesticide spraying selection drive module. The system provided by the invention has the beneficial effects of high degree of intellectualization and automation, diverse control modes, timely control and good using effect; since the solar energy is used as the power supply of the monitoring equipment, the energy saving effect is good; the monitoring equipment not only can perform automatic control on water supply or pesticide spraying for the crop, but also has omnibearing control capability on pest control for the crops in different areas of the same field; and moreover, the health condition of the crops is monitored by a monitoring probe in real time, and timely early warning and appropriate pesticide for the situation on the crop pest are realized, thereby being favorable for guaranteeing the crop growth and good harvest of agriculture, forestry and tea, and greatly reducing drug waste and pesticide pollution. The system has broad market application prospect.

Description

Crop pest intelligent monitoring management system
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop disease and insect anti-technical field processed, particularly a kind of crop pest intelligent monitoring management system, can be widely used in crop production.Crop of the present invention comprises the plant that agricultural, forestry, fruit tree, tealeaves, flowers etc. are cultivated because of human needs.
Background technology
Crop disease and insect is one of Main Agricultural disaster of China, and because control is ineffective, crop disease and insect brings huge economic loss all to every year the agricultural production of China.Because most peasants do not understand the regularity of occurrence and development of disease and pest, be not only difficult to predict the generation of disease and pest in good time, and also blindly dispenser, also can affect plant growth, cause medicament waste and environmental pollution.
In addition, agricultural, forestry, flowers, the dispenser operation of the crop disease and insects such as fruit tree, also very complicated, frequent.As, the disease and pest situation difference that same crop occurs at different growing stage, medication is also different; On same field, the crops difference of zones of different plantation, there is the also difference of medicine of using in its disease and pest.Therefore, crop disease and insect being carried out to early warning, and carry out in all directions targetedly scene control automatically, is the Important Action of controlling crop disease and insect, cover crop output, reducing pollution by pesticides.
Summary of the invention
Primary and foremost purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of crop pest intelligent monitoring management system, and it is high that this system is not only conducive to control but also intelligent automaticization degree to crop disease and insect.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of crop pest intelligent monitoring management system, is characterized in that: comprise supervisory control comuter and the pesticide spraying device of being located at arable farming place, described supervisory control comuter drives connected pesticide spraying device.
Further, in order to carry out robotization control according to early warning scheme, be provided with time controller and spray medicine selection driver module in described supervisory control comuter, described time controller selects driver module control to start the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device through spray medicine.The shower nozzle of described pesticide spraying device is connected for medicine arm and water supply arm with agricultural chemicals respectively via computer-controlled operation valve.In order to realize the multi-faceted management and control of the crop in Same Site zones of different being carried out to the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, above-mentioned pesticide spraying device has multiple shower nozzles.
In described supervisory control comuter, be provided with the data-carrier store of the pesticide spraying information of storing pesticide spraying period, agricultural chemicals type and consumption, the input end of described data-carrier store is connected with time controller or external data input equipment, the output terminal of described data-carrier store selects driver module to be connected with spray medicine, user instruction is selected the pesticide spraying information in specific data storer through time controller or external data input equipment, and spray medicine selects driver module to obtain the corresponding shower nozzle of this appointment pesticide spraying information rear drive pesticide spraying device.
Further, in order to utilize sun power, this system is also provided with solar panel and transforms the accumulator of electric energy for storing described solar panel, and described supervisory control comuter is by described storage battery power supply.
Further, grasp crop disease and insect situation occurred in order to be conducive to user, this system is also provided with the monitoring probe that is arranged on arable farming place in good time, and the data line of described monitoring probe is connected to the input end of supervisory control comuter.User learns after crop disease and insect situation by monitoring probe, can drive the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device to realize the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control by supervisory control comuter in time, also can take other counter-measure.
Beneficial effect one of the present invention is intelligent, and automaticity is high, and control mode is various, controls in time, and result of use is good.The 2nd, utilize sun power as watch-dog power supply, good energy-conserving effect.The 3rd, watch-dog not only can supply water or spray the robotization control of medicine but also have the multi-faceted management and control ability of the crop in Same Site zones of different being carried out to the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control raise crop.The 4th, by monitoring probe, crop health status is carried out to Real-Time Monitoring, realize to the timely early warning of crop disease and insect with suit the remedy to the case, thereby be not only conducive to ensure the healthy growth of crop, and can greatly reduce medicament and waste and pollution by pesticides.This system has wide market application foreground.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the system architecture block diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 be in the present invention multiple medicinal cuppings and agricultural chemicals for the connection diagram of medicine arm.
Wherein, each label representative in Fig. 1: 1-supervisory control comuter; 2-remote computer; 3-accumulator; 4-solar panel; 5-monitoring probe; 6-external data input equipment; 7-operation valve (three-way solenoid valve); 8-agricultural chemicals is for medicine arm; 9-water supply arm; 10-shower nozzle; 11-pesticide spraying device; 12-selects operation valve; 13-medicinal cupping; 14-medicine supplying pipe road; 15-flowmeter.
Embodiment
Because the crop varieties of System in Agricultural Developing Zone plantation is various, thus also variation thereupon of the disease and pest type running into, even and crop of the same race, the disease and pest type that it runs in different phase also can be different.In addition, the facility that being planted in the crop in Same Site zones of different also needs pest and disease monitoring to prevent and treat system has multi-faceted management and control ability, and therefore, crop pest intelligent monitoring management system of the present invention, is necessary for and meets the demand and design.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the embodiment of the present invention comprises supervisory control comuter and the pesticide spraying device of being located at arable farming place, described supervisory control comuter drives connected pesticide spraying device.
In order to promote intelligent manipulation as far as possible, can in special time period, there is according to crop the priori of specific diseases type, in described supervisory control comuter, setup times controller and spray medicine are selected driver module, described time controller selects driver module control to start the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device through spray medicine, complete the spray medicine operation of this crop, thereby reduce manual control process, promoted automaticity.
In order to save the laying cost on agricultural chemicals medicine supplying pipe road as far as possible, can will originally use in order to the sprinkler head that supplies supplying water to crop, before described shower nozzle, operation valve is set, as three-way solenoid valve, this operation valve is connected for medicine arm and water supply arm with agricultural chemicals respectively, thereby realize the multifunction that shower nozzle uses, save facility spending.
For can be people for obtaining after certain disease and pest early warning information, directly control the spraying operation that pesticide spraying device is suited the remedy to the case to crop, spy arranges in order to store the pesticide spraying period in described supervisory control comuter, the data-carrier store of the pesticide spraying information of agricultural chemicals type and consumption, the input end of described data-carrier store is connected with time controller or external data input equipment, the output terminal of described data-carrier store selects driver module to be connected with spray medicine, user instruction is selected the pesticide spraying information in specific data storer through time controller or external data input equipment, spray medicine selects driver module to obtain the corresponding shower nozzle of this appointment pesticide spraying information rear drive pesticide spraying device.
For Hoisting System can be used under multiple occasion, solar power supply apparatus can be set, reduce cable laying, cost-saving.Therefore, this system is also provided with the accumulator that is arranged on the solar panel in arable farming place and transforms electric energy for storing described solar panel, and described supervisory control comuter is by described storage battery power supply.
In order to monitor in real time the situation of crop, this system is also provided with the monitoring probe that is arranged on arable farming place, and the data line of described monitoring probe is connected to the input end of supervisory control comuter; And if the green plants that monitored object is city, probe and communication line that monitoring probe can directly adopt urban district to lay, thus save probe deployment cost.
In order to carry out intelligent management to monitoring, on described supervisory control comuter, store and define the disease and pest situation reference data message of disease and pest type, the order of severity and the agricultural chemicals type that should discharge for Different Crop disease and pest situation and the data message of consumption; Described supervisory control comuter is provided with disease and pest identification judge module, described disease and pest identification judge module extracts crop disease and insect data from surveillance map picture, disease and pest situation reference data message in the disease and pest data of extraction and database is compared, to judge the disease and pest situation of crop, the crop disease and insect situation that supervisory control comuter obtains according to analysis is determined corresponding agricultural chemicals type and consumption, and selects driver module to send work order driving through spray medicine and control the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device.
Send crop data message to remote control center in order to make on-site supervision calculate function, go and find out what's going in real time so that multidisciplinary or this data message is managed, therefore this system is also provided with supervisory control comuter and carries out the remote computer that the telecommunication of wired or wireless form is connected.
Above-mentioned disease and pest identification judge module comprises crop worm hole shape analysis module, the monitored position of crop related in the technical program comprises blade, fruit surface, trunk top layer etc., described disease and pest situation reference data message comprises worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information, described crop worm hole shape analysis module is extracted the image information of worm hole edge shape on crop from surveillance map picture, and compare with described worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information, to judge the disease and pest type of crop; Described disease and pest identification judge module comprises crop worm hole analysis module, described disease and pest situation reference data message comprises worm hole and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information, described crop worm hole analysis module extracts the image information in crop and upper worm hole thereof from surveillance map picture, the accounting of the worm hole cumulative area that calculates crop corresponding site on the crop corresponding site total area, supervisory control comuter is compared through described worm hole and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information according to accounting, judges the crop disease and insect order of severity with classification.
Above-mentioned disease and pest identification judge module comprises crop worm hole shape analysis module, described disease and pest situation reference data message comprises worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information, described crop worm hole shape analysis module is extracted the image information of worm hole edge shape on crop from surveillance map picture, and compare with described worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information, to judge the disease and pest type of crop; Described disease and pest identification judge module also comprises crop pityriasis simplex analysis module, described disease and pest situation reference data message also comprises pityriasis simplex and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information, described crop pityriasis simplex analysis module extracts the image information of crop pityriasis simplex from surveillance map picture, calculate the ratio of crop corresponding site pityriasis simplex cumulative area and the crop corresponding site total area, supervisory control comuter is compared through described pityriasis simplex and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information according to ratio, judges the disease and pest order of severity of crop with classification.
Specific implementation process: the technical program can directly be carried out in arable farming place crop and be sprayed control operation, only need directly send the type of required spraying medicine and consumption to pesticide spraying device by supervisory control comuter by equipment such as such as keyboards of external data input equipment, thereby realize direct control procedure; Also can indirectly control by time controller, tracking timing by time controller to the time, easily send out the period at disease and pest and carry out selectable spraying operation, it obtains corresponding crop in data-carrier store by time controller and sprays information, this information exchange is crossed to spray medicine and select driver module to carry out selectivity to drive pesticide spraying device to spray dissimilar medicine and consumption.
Above-mentioned worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information are obtained by training mode, be placed under the crop under normal size by a certain specific insect, then observe worm hole edge shape on crop, gather the crop map picture of this edge shape by monitoring probe, and the Disease Characters that is this specific insect by this edge shape data message corresponding record.
Above-mentioned worm hole and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information are also obtained by training mode, respectively will be large within the same stipulated time (as one hour), in, little different same class pest is placed on the standard crop of three same specifications, then gather respectively greatly by monitoring probe, in, little same class pest gnaw the crop surface image after crop, calculate respectively the accounting of each standard crop worm hole area in crop surface, and this accounting is stored in supervisory control comuter by grade respectively.In order to obtain active data information more, can carry out repeatedly crop image acquisition by grade respectively, obtain the accounting information under each, average and be stored in again in supervisory control comuter.
Crop pityriasis simplex information in above-mentioned pityriasis simplex and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information, can by gather respectively actual disease and pest crop pityriasis simplex light, in, weigh three kinds of degree sample images and use in contrast insect pest data message, and above-mentioned information is stored in supervisory control comuter.
Be stored in after supervisory control comuter at disease and pest situation reference data message, monitor in real time the image information gathering on crop by supervisory control comuter, then calculate and obtain worm hole edge shape, judge insect pest type; Judge the disease order of severity according to worm hole accounting or crop pityriasis simplex again.
Obtaining after concrete disease situation, supervisory control comuter is according to the agricultural chemicals type that should discharge for Different Crop disease and pest situation of having deposited and the data message of consumption, determine for disease and pest situation out of monitoring and will take what class liquid type and how many liquid consumptions, and select driver module to send work order through spray medicine to drive and control the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device.
Above-mentioned pesticide spraying device has multiple shower nozzles, is respectively used to manage the crop of different azimuth.
Described agricultural chemicals is selected to connect through selection operation valve 12 from the medicine supplying pipe road 14 of multiple different medicinal cuppings 13 for medicine arm 8, and this selection operation valve 12 is also by computer control.
In order to be conducive to realize the fertilising management and control to crop, this system also comprises the liquid fertilizer flusher of being located at arviculture place, and the gauge tap of described liquid fertilizer flusher is connected with described supervisory control comuter.
The shower nozzle of above-mentioned pesticide spraying device can supply medicine arm with agricultural chemicals respectively via computer-controlled operation valve, and the efferent duct of water supply arm or liquid fertilizer flusher is selected to connect.
Described supervisory control comuter database stores the liquid fertilizer type of corresponding Different Crop and the data message of consumption; Described supervisory control comuter can be selected the fertile type of the required liquid material of crop and consumption according to the instruction of the instruction of time controller or external input device input, and sends the corresponding spray gun of work command driven liquid fertilizer flusher and spray liquid fertilizer or through operation valve, shower nozzle be connected with the efferent duct of liquid fertilizer flusher.
Described supervisory control comuter can obtain to such an extent that extract plant growth information in surveillance map picture by monitoring probe, and from database, finds out corresponding liquid fertilizer type and consumption, then sends work order and drives the corresponding spray gun of liquid fertilizer flusher.
The present invention does not limit to above-mentioned embodiment, and anyone can draw other various forms of crop pest intelligent monitoring management systems under enlightenment of the present invention.All equivalent variations of doing according to the present patent application the scope of the claims and modification, all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a crop pest intelligent monitoring management system, comprises supervisory control comuter and the pesticide spraying device of being located at arable farming place, it is characterized in that: described supervisory control comuter drives connected pesticide spraying device; In described supervisory control comuter, be provided with time controller and spray medicine selection driver module, described time controller selects driver module control to start the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device through spray medicine; The shower nozzle of described pesticide spraying device is connected for medicine arm and water supply arm with agricultural chemicals respectively through operation valve; In described supervisory control comuter, be provided with the data-carrier store of the pesticide spraying information of storing pesticide spraying period, agricultural chemicals type and consumption, the input end of described data-carrier store is connected with time controller or external data input equipment, the output terminal of described data-carrier store selects driver module to be connected with spray medicine, user instruction is selected the pesticide spraying information in specific data storer through time controller or external data input equipment, and spray medicine selects driver module to obtain the corresponding shower nozzle of this appointment pesticide spraying information rear drive pesticide spraying device; This system is also provided with solar panel and transforms the accumulator of electric energy for storing described solar panel, and described supervisory control comuter is by described storage battery power supply; This system is also provided with the monitoring probe that is arranged on arable farming place, and the data line of described monitoring probe is connected to the input end of supervisory control comuter; This system also comprises the liquid fertilizer flusher of being located at arviculture place, and the gauge tap of described liquid fertilizer flusher is connected with described supervisory control comuter; The shower nozzle of described pesticide spraying device supplies medicine arm with agricultural chemicals respectively via computer-controlled operation valve, and the efferent duct of water supply arm or liquid fertilizer flusher is selected to connect; Supervisory control comuter database stores the liquid fertilizer type of corresponding Different Crop and the data message of consumption; Described supervisory control comuter can be selected the fertile type of the required liquid material of crop and consumption according to the instruction of the instruction of time controller or external input device input, and sends the corresponding spray gun of work command driven liquid fertilizer flusher and spray liquid fertilizer; In the surveillance map picture that described supervisory control comuter can be obtained by monitoring probe, extract plant growth information, and from database, find out corresponding liquid fertilizer type and consumption, then send work order and drive the corresponding spray gun of liquid fertilizer flusher.
CN201210045346.4A 2012-02-27 2012-02-27 Crop pest intelligent monitoring management system CN102591290B (en)

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TWI574607B (en) * 2014-11-27 2017-03-21 國立臺灣大學 System and method of supplying drug for crops

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CN105427526B (en) * 2015-10-19 2018-01-26 浙江省农业科学院 Chemistry security applies management attention device and safe application method
CN105407318A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-03-16 桂林市腾瑞电子科技有限公司 Intelligent pesticide spraying system
CN105954283A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-09-21 信阳师范学院 Internet-based wheat pest disease prevention and control method
CN106708142A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-05-24 广西力拓农业开发有限公司 Rice management system based on internet of things
CN109122630A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-04 崔理哲 Diseases and pests of agronomic crop monitoring arrangement and its control method

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CN101040581A (en) * 2006-03-23 2007-09-26 上海域之领信息科技有限公司 Remote and intelligent irrigation and fertilization system
CN100568127C (en) * 2007-12-12 2009-12-09 中国水利水电科学研究院 Underground drip irrigation water, fertilizer, the integrated autocontrol method of medicine
CN101887246A (en) * 2010-07-13 2010-11-17 南京工业职业技术学院 Agricultural multifunctional variable controller
CN101947503B (en) * 2010-07-28 2012-09-12 中国农业大学 Toward-target spraying robot system for greenhouses
CN102165876B (en) * 2011-02-01 2012-10-10 海南义利达高新技术实业有限公司 Intelligent water-saving fertigation system and method
CN102541030B (en) * 2012-02-07 2014-02-19 蔡诗伟 System for intelligently monitoring and controlling crop pests and diseases

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI574607B (en) * 2014-11-27 2017-03-21 國立臺灣大學 System and method of supplying drug for crops

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