CN102587067A - Finishing process for textile fabrics - Google Patents

Finishing process for textile fabrics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102587067A
CN102587067A CN2012100831256A CN201210083125A CN102587067A CN 102587067 A CN102587067 A CN 102587067A CN 2012100831256 A CN2012100831256 A CN 2012100831256A CN 201210083125 A CN201210083125 A CN 201210083125A CN 102587067 A CN102587067 A CN 102587067A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
face fabric
weaving face
finishing technique
washing
stenter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012100831256A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈尚良
钱月宝
钱珏红
陈建华
沈丽芬
吴艳
孙学斌
徐岚兰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU MENGLAN (GROUP) CORP
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JIANGSU MENGLAN (GROUP) CORP
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Publication date
Application filed by JIANGSU MENGLAN (GROUP) CORP filed Critical JIANGSU MENGLAN (GROUP) CORP
Priority to CN2012100831256A priority Critical patent/CN102587067A/en
Publication of CN102587067A publication Critical patent/CN102587067A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a finishing process for textile fabrics. The warps of the textile fabrics are made of colored cotton and the wefts of the textile fabrics are made of natural colored hemp. The finishing process includes the following steps: (a) singeing, (b) enzyme desizing, (c) water washing, (d) oven drying, (e) tentering, (f) pre-shrinking, and (g) cloth inspection and rolling. The finishing process for textile fabrics provided by the invention adopts purely physical finishing process, and does not need to use chemicals, so as to reduce pollution. The finishing process is environment-friendly.

Description

A kind of finishing technique of weaving face fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to tame spun articles field, relate in particular to a kind of finishing technique of weaving face fabric.
Background technology
Spinning in the industry in present family, is main with traditional printed fabric, because of its lining cost is more cheap, operates simply relatively, and outward appearance is gorgeous, by extensively utilization.But the whole process of production of this lining is flooded with pollution, and is not only influential but also to the soil to lining, and the pollution of water source environment is also quite severe.
Various textile products constantly occur on the existing market, are applied on the garment material miscellaneous.Another pollution course of lining production is the back arrangement stage; This stage is to lining and the unbearable severity of environmental pollution; The tradition lining is a large amount of each analog assistant that use in this process, though lining has obtained surperficial change, has produced a large amount of pollutants and residue and can cause symptoms such as discomfort, allergy to human body skin; And the activation composition of many natural materials is killed, and dress or use are all undesirable with the service life that prolongs clothes to playing skin care.
Summary of the invention
To above-mentioned defective, the objective of the invention is to, a kind of finishing technique of weaving face fabric is provided, adopted pure physics finishing technique, need not to use chemicals, reduced pollution, be a kind of finishing technique of environmental protection.
Be to realize that above-mentioned purpose, technical scheme of the present invention are, a kind of finishing technique of weaving face fabric, the warp of said weaving face fabric be color cotton, and parallel is natural color numb, and said finishing technique may further comprise the steps:
A, singe, adopt the gassing frame of the 100m/min speed of a motor vehicle to singe, the flame temperature when singing is 800-1200 ℃, and the progression of singing reaches more than 4 grades;
B, enzyme desizing were dipped in amylase with weaving face fabric, and loose formula is pushed on desizing machine, with 85-115 ℃ decatize 15-30 minute;
C, washing are washed with 60 ℃ clear water, and the washing time is 10-15 minute;
D, oven dry, the open width oven dry with 90 ℃ cylinder oven dry, is used 180 ℃ drum dry more then;
E, tentering are put into stenter with dried weaving face fabric and are carried out tentering, and the humidity in the stenter is smaller or equal to 6%;
F, preshrunk are put into preshrinking machine preshrunk with the weaving face fabric behind the tentering;
G, cloth-inspecting rolling, typing and check weaving face fabric are through testing the clot of volume combination machine.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, weaving face fabric carries out double-edged singing during described singing.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, the destarch rate of described enzyme desizing is more than or equal to 98%.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, adopt the two sides of three washings and twice washing weaving face fabric during described the washing.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, described stenter is a pin stenter.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, the washing shrinkage of weaving face fabric is ± 4% during described preshrunk.
The finishing technique of weaving face fabric of the present invention has adopted pure physics finishing technique, fully without chemical substance treatment; Having reduced pollution, is a kind of finishing technique of environmental protection, prepared weaving face fabric; Warp is color cotton, and parallel is natural color fiber crops, is interweaved in right amount up and down by graticule and processes; Because color cotton and natural color fiber crops itself have natural color; So this weaving face fabric has reduced dyeing process in the finishing technique process, catered to " green revolution " slogan of human proposition, has reduced the pollution to environment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of finishing technique one preferred embodiment of weaving face fabric of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing preferred embodiment of the present invention is set forth in detail, thereby protection scope of the present invention is made more explicit defining so that advantage of the present invention and characteristic can be easier to it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.
As shown in Figure 1, be the flow chart of finishing technique one preferred embodiment of weaving face fabric of the present invention.Through the made weaving face fabric of the finishing technique of this weaving face fabric, warp is color cotton, and parallel is natural color fiber crops, and the levels of graticule is matched in right amount, learns from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses each other to reach outward appearance feel perfect combination.Wherein, the finishing technique of this weaving face fabric may further comprise the steps:
A, singe, adopt the gassing frame of the 100m/min speed of a motor vehicle to singe, the flame temperature when singing is 800-1200 ℃, and the progression of singing reaches more than 4 grades;
B, enzyme desizing were dipped in amylase with weaving face fabric, and loose formula is pushed on desizing machine, with 85-115 ℃ decatize 15-30 minute;
C, washing are washed with 60 ℃ clear water, and the washing time is 10-15 minute;
D, oven dry, the open width oven dry with 90 ℃ cylinder oven dry, is used 180 ℃ drum dry more then;
E, tentering are put into stenter with dried weaving face fabric and are carried out tentering, and the humidity in the stenter is smaller or equal to 6%;
F, preshrunk are put into preshrinking machine preshrunk with the weaving face fabric behind the tentering;
G, cloth-inspecting rolling, typing and check weaving face fabric are through testing the clot of volume combination machine.
Singe, weaving face fabric is carried out double-edged singing.Adopt the gassing frame of the 100m/min speed of a motor vehicle to singe, the flame temperature when singing is 800-1200 ℃, and the progression of singing reaches more than 4 grades.
The purpose of singing is the fine hair on the burning-off weaving face fabric, makes weaving face fabric bright and clean attractive in appearance.It is that the fabric open width is passed through thermal-flame fast that fabric is singed, and the fine hair that at this moment exists on the weaving face fabric heats up very soon, and burns; And body is tightr, and it is slower to heat up, when not being raised to ignition point; Promptly left flame, thereby reached burning-off fine hair, again the purpose of inoperation fabric.
Enzyme desizing is dipped in amylase with weaving face fabric, and loose formula is pushed on desizing machine, and with 85-115 ℃ decatize 15-30 minute, wherein, the destarch rate was more than or equal to 98%.
Textile mills are in order to weave cotton cloth smoothly, often to warp sizing to improve brute force and ABRASION RESISTANCE.Slurry on the weaving face fabric promptly influences the water absorbing properties of fabric, also influences the quality of dyeing and finishing product, so before kiering, should remove slurry earlier, this process is destarch.The quality of destarch directly influences the quality of finished product, like feel, whiteness, fineness, tinctorial yield, Bai Xin and intensity etc.And the method for destarch is a lot, can use caustic soda, sulfuric acid, hydrogen peroxide solution etc., but these chemical products not only diminishes fabric, troublesome poeration, and pollute the environment.Utilize amylase under certain condition, can starch slurry be become dextrin rapidly, the soluble dextrins after the liquefaction is cleaned with washing, reaches the purpose of destarch.
Its superiority of enzyme desizing is a lot, is adopted by multiplex (MUX) factory more and more, is characterized in: efficient high-speed, be fit to the high temperature destarch, and the time is short, and the destarch rate can reach 90%-98%; Fabric is injury-free, fabrics feel soft after the destarch, plentiful and fineness is strong; And can improve work working condition, fuel savings, reduce cost, can be used for continuous mass production.
Washing, the two sides of adopting three washings and twice washing weaving face fabric is washed with 60 ℃ clear water, and the washing time is 10-15 minute.Soluble dextrins after the enzyme desizing after the liquefaction is cleaned with washing, reaches better destarch purpose.
Oven dry, the open width oven dry with 90 ℃ cylinder oven dry, is used 180 ℃ drum dry more then.
Tentering is put into stenter with dried weaving face fabric and is carried out tentering, and tensile strength is 40 pounds/inch, and wherein, the humidity in the stenter is smaller or equal to 6%.
Stenter among the present invention is a pin stenter, and in the tentering process, the both sides of fabric are fixed on the needle plate.The front end of pin stenter can install super-feeding device additional, and the admission velocity of fabric forms overfeeding a little more than the needle plate pace, makes fabric warp-wise in the tentering process that more contraction take place, to reduce the warp-wise washing shrinkage of product.
Preshrunk is put into preshrinking machine preshrunk with the weaving face fabric behind the tentering, and wherein, the washing shrinkage of weaving face fabric is ± 4% during preshrunk.
Cloth-inspecting rolling, typing and check weaving face fabric carry out the high temperature calendering through testing the volume combination machine, and wind is soft, and clot.
The testing standard that weaving face fabric is concrete:
Washing shrinkage: ± 4%;
Ultimate strength: >=500N;
Fastness to soaping:
Variable color: >=4 grades;
Staining: >=4 grades;
Colour fastness to rubbing:
Dry grinding: >=4 grades;
Wet-milling: >=3-4 level;
Color fastness to light: >=4 grades;
Colour fastness to perspiration:
Acid solution: 4 grades;
Alkali lye: 4 grades.
The warp of weaving face fabric is color cotton among the present invention, and this coloured silk cotton is a kind of fabric raw material that fiber just has natural colour when cotton boll blowing that adopts modern biotechnology to cultivate.Color cotton products help health, in fabrication processes, reduce dyeing process, have reduced environmental pollution.Color cotton textiles are comfortable: affine skin, non-stimulated to skin, meet the requirement of environmental protection and health; Antistatic: as, not play static, not balling-up because cotton fine regain is higher; Having a good sweat property is good: sweat and little sweat on the absorption human body skin, and make body temperature recover normal rapidly, really reach ventilative, absorbing sweat effect.Through investigation, find environmental protection characteristic of color cotton and the taste demand that natural colored meets modern's life very much.
There is one deck wax on the cotton fiber surface.The ordinary white cotton uses various chemical substances to eliminate wax in printing and dyeing and back arrangement process, adds the lovely luster of dyestuff, and visual contrast is big, so vivid.Color cotton is not used chemical substance treatment in process, still kept the characteristics of natural fabric, so just produce a kind of visual effect of dim moon bright, the clothes that vivid degree is made not as good as dyeing fabric.
Natural color fiber crops are exactly the flax that has natural colour in fact; Just it is grown in different places, and natural color fiber crops mainly are grown in cold zone, because soil climate is different; The linen fibre fiber crops shell soft texture of being produced; Weave the cloth that comes, cloth cover fiber crops shell distribute appear as as raining all, so the dew retting of gaining the name.Natural color fiber crops are the most natural a kind of clothes, thus very popular, because be the numb look that appears by natural colouring matter,, keep the true qualities of fiber crops so can generally not need dyeing because the temperature of gathering then just demonstrates different numb look.
There is the natural wax of one deck on the weaving face fabric surface; Owing to do not have the intervention of chemicals, can not eliminate wax fully, so kept the characteristics of natural fabric; Produce a kind of dim visual effect; Along with the increase wax of the washing times vivid degree of product that disappears gradually can improve on the contrary, owing to utilize the enzyme desizing technology, this weaving face fabric can be washed softer and softer under the situation that does not add softener in addition.
The finishing technique of the weaving face fabric that the present invention discloses has adopted pure physics finishing technique, fully without chemical substance treatment; Having reduced pollution, is a kind of finishing technique of environmental protection, prepared weaving face fabric; Warp is color cotton, and parallel is natural color fiber crops, is matched in right amount by the levels of graticule; Learning from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses each other reaches outward appearance feel perfect combination, because color cotton and natural color fiber crops itself have natural color, so this weaving face fabric has reduced dyeing process in the finishing technique process; Catered to " green revolution " slogan of human proposition, reduced pollution environment.
The above; Be merely the specific embodiment of the present invention; But protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; Any those of ordinary skill in the art are in the technical scope that the present invention disclosed, and variation or the replacement that can expect without creative work all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain that claims were limited.

Claims (6)

1. the finishing technique of a weaving face fabric, the warp of said weaving face fabric are color cotton, and parallel is natural color fiber crops, it is characterized in that said finishing technique may further comprise the steps:
A, singe, adopt the gassing frame of the 100m/min speed of a motor vehicle to singe, the flame temperature when singing is 800-1200 ℃, and the progression of singing reaches more than 4 grades;
B, enzyme desizing were dipped in amylase with weaving face fabric, and loose formula is pushed on desizing machine, with 85-115 ℃ decatize 15-30 minute;
C, washing are washed with 60 ℃ clear water, and the washing time is 10-15 minute;
D, oven dry, the open width oven dry with 90 ℃ cylinder oven dry, is used 180 ℃ drum dry more then;
E, tentering are put into stenter with dried weaving face fabric and are carried out tentering, and the humidity in the stenter is smaller or equal to 6%;
F, preshrunk are put into preshrinking machine preshrunk with the weaving face fabric behind the tentering;
G, cloth-inspecting rolling, typing and check weaving face fabric are through testing the clot of volume combination machine.
2. the finishing technique of weaving face fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that, weaving face fabric carries out double-edged singing during described singing.
3. the finishing technique of weaving face fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the destarch rate of described enzyme desizing is more than or equal to 98%.
4. the finishing technique of weaving face fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that, adopts the two sides of three washings and twice washing weaving face fabric during described the washing.
5. the finishing technique of weaving face fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described stenter is a pin stenter.
6. the finishing technique of weaving face fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the washing shrinkage of weaving face fabric is ± 4% during described preshrunk.
CN2012100831256A 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 Finishing process for textile fabrics Pending CN102587067A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102851839A (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-01-02 江苏波波熊纺织品有限公司 Weaving technology of textile fabric
CN103334310A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-02 南通金水源纺织有限公司 Finishing process of textile fabric
CN103710992A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-04-09 常熟市凯丽针纺织有限公司 Post-finishing process for textile fabrics
CN103966745A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-06 无锡红豆居家服饰有限公司 Hodo fleece fabric and production method thereof
CN104894726A (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-09 南通市跃达针织服饰有限公司 Novel weaving technology
CN105780263A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-07-20 洪义英 Production method of textile fabric
CN107142650A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-09-08 江苏银桥纺织科技有限公司 A kind of postfinishing process of weaving face fabric
CN107142651A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-09-08 如皋市下原科技创业服务有限公司 A kind of weaving face fabric finishing technique
CN107268221A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-10-20 如皋市下原科技创业服务有限公司 A kind of new afterfinish method of weaving face fabric
CN107401055A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-11-28 南通冠洲国际贸易有限公司 A kind of postfinishing process of weaving face fabric
CN107503072A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-12-22 南通唐盛纺织有限公司 The finishing technique of super soft anti-fluffing and anti-pilling fabric
CN107523953A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-29 南通冠洲国际贸易有限公司 A kind of postfinishing process of weaving face fabric
CN111705462A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-25 江苏雷鸟伪装纺织新材料有限公司 Camouflage water distribution washing desizing and shaping process

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1058439A (en) * 1990-07-25 1992-02-05 山东省泰安印染厂 Pure hemp and cotton hemp interweaving fabric dyeing and finishing process
CN101403157A (en) * 2008-10-20 2009-04-08 无锡市天然纺织实业有限公司 Slurry-free shirt face fabric with cotton warp and production method thereof
CN101532230A (en) * 2009-04-20 2009-09-16 安徽中天印染股份有限公司 Method for dyeing and finishing pure-cotton high-count high-density fabric
CN101838876A (en) * 2010-02-23 2010-09-22 孚日集团股份有限公司 Weaving process of hemp textile product
CN101880959A (en) * 2009-05-07 2010-11-10 绍兴县金百汇化工有限公司 Preprocessing technical method of cotton linen and linen rayon gray fabrics

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1058439A (en) * 1990-07-25 1992-02-05 山东省泰安印染厂 Pure hemp and cotton hemp interweaving fabric dyeing and finishing process
CN101403157A (en) * 2008-10-20 2009-04-08 无锡市天然纺织实业有限公司 Slurry-free shirt face fabric with cotton warp and production method thereof
CN101532230A (en) * 2009-04-20 2009-09-16 安徽中天印染股份有限公司 Method for dyeing and finishing pure-cotton high-count high-density fabric
CN101880959A (en) * 2009-05-07 2010-11-10 绍兴县金百汇化工有限公司 Preprocessing technical method of cotton linen and linen rayon gray fabrics
CN101838876A (en) * 2010-02-23 2010-09-22 孚日集团股份有限公司 Weaving process of hemp textile product

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102851839A (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-01-02 江苏波波熊纺织品有限公司 Weaving technology of textile fabric
CN103334310A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-02 南通金水源纺织有限公司 Finishing process of textile fabric
CN103710992A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-04-09 常熟市凯丽针纺织有限公司 Post-finishing process for textile fabrics
CN103966745A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-06 无锡红豆居家服饰有限公司 Hodo fleece fabric and production method thereof
CN103966745B (en) * 2014-05-07 2016-03-16 无锡红豆居家服饰有限公司 A kind of red bean velvet fabric and production method thereof
CN104894726A (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-09 南通市跃达针织服饰有限公司 Novel weaving technology
CN105780263A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-07-20 洪义英 Production method of textile fabric
CN107142650A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-09-08 江苏银桥纺织科技有限公司 A kind of postfinishing process of weaving face fabric
CN107142651A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-09-08 如皋市下原科技创业服务有限公司 A kind of weaving face fabric finishing technique
CN107268221A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-10-20 如皋市下原科技创业服务有限公司 A kind of new afterfinish method of weaving face fabric
CN107503072A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-12-22 南通唐盛纺织有限公司 The finishing technique of super soft anti-fluffing and anti-pilling fabric
CN107401055A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-11-28 南通冠洲国际贸易有限公司 A kind of postfinishing process of weaving face fabric
CN107523953A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-29 南通冠洲国际贸易有限公司 A kind of postfinishing process of weaving face fabric
CN111705462A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-25 江苏雷鸟伪装纺织新材料有限公司 Camouflage water distribution washing desizing and shaping process

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Application publication date: 20120718