CN102584483B - Nutritional compound fertilizer for dicentra spectabilis and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Nutritional compound fertilizer for dicentra spectabilis and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN102584483B
CN102584483B CN2012100392121A CN201210039212A CN102584483B CN 102584483 B CN102584483 B CN 102584483B CN 2012100392121 A CN2012100392121 A CN 2012100392121A CN 201210039212 A CN201210039212 A CN 201210039212A CN 102584483 B CN102584483 B CN 102584483B
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fertilizer
root
dicentra spectabilis
parts
plant
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CN2012100392121A
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CN102584483A (en
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钱建良
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太仓市临江农场专业合作社
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of fertilizers, in particular to a fertilizer for cultivating dicentra spectabilis, and provides a method for preparing the fertilizer for the dicentra spectabilis. After the fertilizer serving as a basic fertilizer is applied at one time, the basic nutritional requirement of the dicentra spectabilis in the whole growth period can be met; the fertilizer contains basic elements such as N, P, K and the like, various secondary and trace elements and a plant growth regulator, so that the requirement of the dicentra spectabilis on various elements in different growth periods can be met, and the growth and development of roots and leaves of the dicentra spectabilis are promoted; a bactericide is added in a formula, so that the fertilizer has the effects of killing bacteria and pests and preventing pest and disease damage, and has a good effect of preventing and treating possible leaf spot disease and scale insect disease of the dicentra spectabilis; and attapulgite is taken as an additive of an agricultural fertilizer and has peculiar physical properties, so that the metabolism of plants can be promoted, and the conversion rate of nutritional substances can be improved.

Description

Nutrition composite fertilizer of a kind of Dicentra spectabilis and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer field, relate in particular to nutrition composite fertilizer of a kind of Dicentra spectabilis and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Dicentra spectabilis ( dicentraspectabilis) be papaveracease Dicentra perennial root herbage flower, originate in NORTH CHINA and Japan, USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) etc.The Dicentra spectabilis florescence is longer, the leafage beauty, and flower is exquisite, and the likeness in form pocket is lucuriant in design, can make forest belt configuration, flower bed, potted plant, root is medicinal.Dicentra spectabilis is potted plant and good material cut-flower, and also suitable layout Hua Jinghe is grove, moistening place, edge, meadow group planting, and landscape effect is fabulous, has good economic worth simultaneously.Dicentra has 147 kinds, is distributed in North America and Asia, and Dicentra spectabilis is spent in mutation in vain.Two kinds of the charming Dicentra spectabilis of China, great Hua Dicentra spectabilis, main product southwest, more with the northern area of Qinling Mountains cultivation.
Dicentra spectabilis is fleshy root, slightly drought-enduring, is afraid of ponding, likes warm, moistening and half cloudy environment and loose fertile sandy soil.To select the physical features higher position when ground plants, select the soil pottery basin slightly deeply large, that permeability is good when potted plant, and pad broken charcoal lump to strengthen ventilating drainage.
At present, less for the fertilizer research of Dicentra spectabilis, while in nursery, cultivating Dicentra spectabilis, adopt conventional muck, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer more, and add bone meal etc. in compost.The nutrient of these fertilizer is more single, can not meet required to various nutritive elements of Dicentra spectabilis Growth and anthesis, easily causes that bud is few, flower is little, the flower frontvane comes off, the speed of growth is slow, plant is unhealthy and strong etc.; Simultaneously, the disease and pests such as the common leaf spot of Dicentra spectabilis, scale insect, the effect of resisting during conventional Term Fertilization, Dicentra spectabilis improved this class Common Diseases lacks obvious help, easily causes in the course of cultivation the Various Diseases insect pest.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of comprehensive nutrition, easy to prepare, the fertilizer that Dicentra spectabilis growth promoted obviously, pollutes less and have resisting disease and pest certain effect.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme:
Each component in fertilizer is by weight: trypterygine 5-7 part, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany 2-3 part, trifoliate jewelvine 3-5 part, tobacco leaf 1-3 part, Root of Indigowoad 2-3 part, urea 20-25 part, ammonium nitrate 2-6 part, potassium primary phosphate 1-4 part, vitriolate of tartar 2-5 part, nitrocalcite 1-2 part, sal epsom 0.5-1 part, borax 1-2 part, zinc sulfate 2-5 part, ferrous sulfate 3-6 part, thiophanate methyl 2-4 part, copper sulfate 1-1.5 part, 3 parts, diatomite, attapulgite 10-15 part, vegetable fibre 11-20 part, fowl and animal excrement 40-60 part, microbiobacterial agent 2-4 part, 5 parts of plant-growth regulator.
In the present invention further optimization scheme, the fermented liquid of the preferred vinelandii of microbiobacterial agent, potassium solubilizing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria mixes; Described vinelandii be azotobacter chroococcum ( azotobacterchroococcum), described phosphate solubilizing bacteria be false pseudomonas bacillus ( pseudomonas), described potassium solubilizing bacteria is silicate bacteria.
In the present invention further optimization scheme, the mixture of a kind of or any several compositions in vegetable fibre preferably wheat stalk, maize straw, cotton stalk, reed rod, sedge, corn cob, bagasse.
In the present invention further optimization scheme, a kind of or any several mixing in the preferred cow dung of fowl and animal excrement, sheep excrement, chicken and duck excrement;
In the present invention further optimization scheme, a kind of in plant-growth regulator preferred oil rape lactone, indolylacetic acid, Plant hormones regulators,gibberellins.
Middle fertilizer of the present invention is prepared as follows:
(1) choose by weight the raw material of formula ratio.
(2) adopt granular mill vegetable fibre to be ground into to the powder of 50 order left and right, trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Root of Indigowoad powder mix are broken into to the powder of 20 order left and right.
(3) fowl and animal excrement, microbiobacterial agent, vegetable fibre powder, attapulgite are mixed, mix thoroughly, the wet feed of banking up in fermentation vat fermentation, on cover the moisture-heat preservation material, after 50 hours, turning for the first time when in heap, temperature reaches 50-70 ℃, and every turning in 20-24 hour once, after 2-3 turning, fermentation ends.
(4) tunning step (3) made mixes with urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, mixes thoroughly.
(5) trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, the Isatis Root add pulverizing in the mixture of step (4) gained after, and be mixed together evenly with thiophanate methyl, copper sulfate, diatomite and plant-growth regulator.
(6) step (5) gained mixture dried, obtain after granulating nutrition of the present invention composite fertilizer.
As one of preferred version of the present invention, the moisture controlled of fermenting mixture is at 45%-55%, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is controlled at 20-30:1, and pH value is controlled at 6.5-7.
As one of present invention further optimization scheme, carbon-nitrogen ratio is controlled at 25:1.
As one of present invention further optimization scheme, the heat and moisture preserving material is plastic cloth.
As one of present invention further optimization scheme, during turning for the first time, the interior temperature of heap is 65 ℃.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: after Dicentra spectabilis nutritious fertilizer provided by the present invention is made base manure and once applied, can meet the Dicentra spectabilis basic nutrition needs in whole vegetative period, wherein not only contain the infrastructure elements such as NPK, also comprised multiple in, trace element and plant-growth regulator, the demand for various elements all can be met at the growth different times not only to make Dicentra spectabilis, also helps and promotes growing of its root and leaf section.In addition, added sterilant in formula, made fertilizer also possess the effect of sterilization, desinsection and pre-preventing disease and pest when applying, for control or alleviate the leaf spot that Dicentra spectabilis may run into, the problem of scale has effect preferably.Simultaneously, adopt the interpolation auxiliary agent of attapulgite as agricultural fertilizer in the present invention, with its distinctive physicals, can promote the metabolism of plant, improve the nutritive substance transformation efficiency; In fertiliser production, add appropriate attapulgite not only can improve the granulating rate of fertilizer, and granule strength is high, does not lump, do not get damp, can improves composite fertilizer's output, reduce costs, environmental contamination reduction, improve the fertilizer physical behavior.
Use that Dicentra spectabilis bud after fertilizer of the present invention is large and many, beautiful in colour, disease and pest is few, the read rate of growing is fast, has economic benefit preferably.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is described further, but protection scheme of the present invention is not limited to following examples.
Because adopting the seedling of seed propagation, Dicentra spectabilis need 2-3 to bloom, so more options cuttage or division propagation method.
Embodiment 1
Choose raw material, each component is by weight: 5 parts of trypterygines, 2 parts of Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine 3-part, 1 part, tobacco leaf, 2 parts of Root of Indigowoad, 20 parts, urea, 2 parts, ammonium nitrate, 1 part of potassium primary phosphate, 2 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 1 part, nitrocalcite, 0.5 part, sal epsom, 1 part of borax, 2 parts, zinc sulfate, 3 parts, ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of thiophanate methyls, 1 part, copper sulfate, 3 parts, diatomite, 10 parts of attapulgites, 11 parts of wheat stalks, 40 parts, cattle and sheep excrement mixture, microbiobacterial agent 2-4 part, 5 parts of brassinolides.
Adopt granular mill wheat stalk to be ground into to the powder of 50 order left and right, then trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Root of Indigowoad powder mix are broken into to the powder of 20 order left and right.
Cow dung, sheep excrement, microbiobacterial agent, wheat stalk powder, attapulgite are mixed, mix thoroughly, the wet feed of banking up in fermentation vat fermentation, on cover plastic cloth with moisture-heat preservation, the moisture controlled of fermenting mixture is 45%, after 50 hours, and turning for the first time when in heap, temperature reaches 50 ℃, and every turning in 20 hours once, after 2 turnings, carbon-nitrogen ratio is controlled at 20:1, pH value is controlled at 6.5, fermentation ends.The tunning made is mixed with urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, mix thoroughly.Then trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Isatis Root after pulverizing and the mixture of just having mixed thoroughly are mixed, then be mixed together and stir with thiophanate methyl, copper sulfate, diatomite and brassinolide; The final product obtained is dried, is nutrition of the present invention composite fertilizer after granulating.
Trypterygine in the present embodiment, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Root of Indigowoad, microbiobacterial agent, attapulgite mixing, urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, diatomite, copper sulfate, thiophanate methyl and brassinolide all can be buied by market.
Application process:
In early July, after complete energy of Dicentra spectabilis florescence, remove inflorescence, get the epicormic branch cuttage of branch bottom, the length of transplanting a cutting is selected 7-9cm, and otch dips in water-holding agent and plant ash, and cutting medium is selected fine sand or sandy loam, the cuttage degree of depth is that the length that straight cutting enters in matrix accounts for 1/3 of cutting overall length, water permeablely after cuttage, take shade net and sheltered from heat or light, the front matrix of taking root is watered can not be many, but to, often to the cuttings water spray, about 28 days, take root.
Be with spring soil to carry out plantlet of transplant, dug planting hole, the dark 15cm-20cm in cave, apply nutritious fertilizer 2kg/ of the present invention cave, and earthing waters permeablely, and final-period management is managed according to routine techniques, can bloom then.
In when fertilising, by nutritious fertilizer of the present invention and gardening field, composite fertilizer commonly used carries out simultaneous test, and 6 processing are set, and each is processed and repeats 3 times, and planting area arranges at random, and disposable the applying of each fertilizer employing, adopt same field management measure, by statistics:
The average number of flowers of using each inflorescence of Dicentra spectabilis of conventional composite fertilizer is 15, flowering rate 83.5%, and the growing period normal management, the ratio that infects leaf spot is 10.7%, the ratio that infects scale insect is 15.1%.
The average number of flowers of using each inflorescence of Dicentra spectabilis of nutritious fertilizer of the present invention reaches 22, and flowering rate reaches 96.9%, the Dicentra spectabilis that the bright-coloured degree of pattern is cultivated higher than conventional composite fertilizer.The growing period normal management, the ratio that infects leaf spot is only 2.6%, the ratio that infects scale insect is 4.5%.
Embodiment 2
Choose raw material, 6 parts of trypterygines, 3 parts of Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, 5 parts of trifoliate jewelvines, 3 parts, tobacco leaf, 2 parts of Root of Indigowoad, 23 parts, urea, 5 parts, ammonium nitrate, 2 parts of potassium primary phosphates, 3 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 2 parts, nitrocalcite, 1 part, sal epsom, 1 part of borax, 4 parts, zinc sulfate, 5 parts, ferrous sulfate, 3 parts of thiophanate methyls, 1.5 parts, copper sulfate, 3 parts, diatomite, 15 parts of attapulgites, 20 parts of corn cobs, 55 parts, chicken and duck excrement, 4 parts of microbiobacterial agents, 5 parts of Plant hormones regulators,gibberellins.Adopt granular mill that corn cob meal is broken into to 60 purpose powder, then trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Root of Indigowoad powder mix are broken into to the powder of 20 order left and right.
Chicken and duck excrement, microbiobacterial agent, corn cob powder, attapulgite are mixed, mix thoroughly, the wet feed of banking up in fermentation vat fermentation, on cover plastic cloth with moisture-heat preservation, the moisture controlled of fermenting mixture is 55%, after 50 hours, and turning for the first time when in heap, temperature reaches 60 ℃, and every turning in 23 hours once, after 3 turnings, carbon-nitrogen ratio is controlled at 25:1, pH value is controlled at 7, fermentation ends.The tunning made is mixed with urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, mix thoroughly.Then trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Isatis Root after pulverizing and the mixture of just having mixed thoroughly are mixed, then be mixed together and stir with thiophanate methyl, copper sulfate, diatomite and Plant hormones regulators,gibberellins; The final product obtained is dried, is nutrition of the present invention composite fertilizer after granulating.
Trypterygine in the present embodiment, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Root of Indigowoad, microbiobacterial agent, attapulgite mixing, urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, diatomite, copper sulfate, thiophanate methyl and Plant hormones regulators,gibberellins all can be buied by market.
Application process:
In late June, Dicentra spectabilis, after the florescence, is removed inflorescence, get the epicormic branch cuttage of branch bottom, the length of transplanting a cutting is selected 7-9cm, and otch dips in water-holding agent or plant ash, and cutting medium is selected sandy loam, the cuttage degree of depth is that the length that straight cutting enters in matrix accounts for 1/2 of cutting overall length, water permeablely after cuttage, take shade net and sheltered from heat or light, the front matrix of taking root is watered can not be many, but to, often to the cuttings water spray, about 31 days, take root.
Be with spring soil to carry out plantlet of transplant, dug planting hole, the dark 15cm-20cm in cave, apply nutritious fertilizer 3kg/ of the present invention cave, and earthing waters permeablely, and final-period management is managed according to routine techniques, can bloom then.
In when fertilising, by nutritious fertilizer of the present invention and gardening field, composite fertilizer commonly used carries out simultaneous test, and 6 processing are set, and each is processed and repeats 3 times, and planting area arranges at random, and disposable the applying of each fertilizer employing, adopt same field management measure, by statistics:
The average number of flowers of using each inflorescence of Dicentra spectabilis of conventional composite fertilizer is 16, flowering rate 85.1%, and the growing period normal management, the ratio that infects leaf spot is 9.4%, the ratio that infects scale insect is 13.6%.
The average number of flowers of using each inflorescence of Dicentra spectabilis of nutritious fertilizer of the present invention reaches 24, and flowering rate reaches 98.1%, the Dicentra spectabilis that the bright-coloured degree of pattern is cultivated higher than conventional composite fertilizer.The growing period normal management, the ratio that infects leaf spot is only 2.2%, the ratio that infects scale insect is 3.9%.
Embodiment 3
Choose raw material, 7 parts of trypterygines, 3 parts of Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, 5 parts of trifoliate jewelvines, 3 parts, tobacco leaf, 3 parts of Root of Indigowoad, 25 parts, urea, 6 parts, ammonium nitrate, 4 parts of potassium primary phosphates, 5 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 2 parts, nitrocalcite, 0.5 part, sal epsom, 2 parts of boraxs, 5 parts, zinc sulfate, 6 parts, ferrous sulfate, 4 parts of thiophanate methyls, 1.5 parts, copper sulfate, 3 parts, diatomite, 15 parts of attapulgites, 20 parts of cotton stalks, 60 parts of cow dungs, 4 parts of microbiobacterial agents, 5 parts of indolylacetic acids.
Cow dung, microbiobacterial agent, cotton stalk powder, attapulgite are mixed, mix thoroughly, the wet feed of banking up in fermentation vat fermentation, on cover plastic cloth with moisture-heat preservation, the moisture controlled of fermenting mixture is 53%, after 50 hours, and turning for the first time when in heap, temperature reaches 60 ℃, and every turning in 24 hours once, after 3 turnings, carbon-nitrogen ratio is controlled at 30:1, pH value is controlled at 6.5, fermentation ends.The tunning made is mixed with urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, mix thoroughly.Then trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Isatis Root after pulverizing and the mixture of just having mixed thoroughly are mixed, then be mixed together and stir with thiophanate methyl, copper sulfate, diatomite and Plant hormones regulators,gibberellins; The final product obtained is dried, is nutrition of the present invention composite fertilizer after granulating.
Trypterygine in the present embodiment, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Root of Indigowoad, microbiobacterial agent, attapulgite mixing, urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, diatomite, copper sulfate, thiophanate methyl and indolylacetic acid all can be buied by market.
Application process:
In late June, Dicentra spectabilis, after the florescence, is removed inflorescence, get the epicormic branch cuttage of branch bottom, the length of transplanting a cutting is selected 9cm, and otch dips in water-holding agent or plant ash, and cutting medium is selected sandy loam, the cuttage degree of depth is that the length that straight cutting enters in matrix accounts for 1/3 of cutting overall length, water permeablely after cuttage, take shade net and sheltered from heat or light, the front matrix of taking root is watered can not be many, but to, often to the cuttings water spray, about 30 days, take root.
Be with spring soil to carry out plantlet of transplant, dug planting hole, the dark 15cm-20cm in cave, apply nutritious fertilizer 2.5kg/ of the present invention cave, and earthing waters permeablely, and final-period management is managed according to routine techniques, can bloom then.
In when fertilising, by nutritious fertilizer of the present invention and gardening field, composite fertilizer commonly used carries out simultaneous test, and 6 processing are set, and each is processed and repeats 3 times, and planting area arranges at random, and disposable the applying of each fertilizer employing, adopt same field management measure, by statistics:
The average number of flowers of using each inflorescence of Dicentra spectabilis of conventional composite fertilizer is about 16, flowering rate 84.6%, and the growing period normal management, the ratio that infects leaf spot is 9.9%, the ratio that infects scale insect is 14.1%.
The average number of flowers of using each inflorescence of Dicentra spectabilis of nutritious fertilizer of the present invention reaches 23, and flowering rate reaches 97.2%, the Dicentra spectabilis that the bright-coloured degree of pattern is cultivated higher than conventional composite fertilizer.The growing period normal management, the ratio that infects leaf spot is only 3.1%, the ratio that infects scale insect is 4.4%.
The above; it is only the specific embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this; any those of ordinary skill in the art are in the disclosed technical scope of the present invention; the variation that can expect without creative work or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain that claims were limited.

Claims (8)

1. the composite fertilizer of the nutrition for Dicentra spectabilis, it is characterized in that, each component of the present invention is by weight: trypterygine 5-7 part, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany 2-3 part, trifoliate jewelvine 3-5 part, tobacco leaf 1-3 part, Root of Indigowoad 2-3 part, urea 20-25 part, ammonium nitrate 2-6 part, potassium primary phosphate 1-4 part, vitriolate of tartar 2-5 part, nitrocalcite 1-2 part, sal epsom 0.5-1 part, borax 1-2 part, zinc sulfate 2-5 part, ferrous sulfate 3-6 part, thiophanate methyl 2-4 part, copper sulfate 1-1.5 part, 3 parts, diatomite, attapulgite 10-15 part, vegetable fibre 11-20 part, fowl and animal excrement 40-60 part, microbiobacterial agent 2-4 part, 5 parts of plant-growth regulator,
Described microbiobacterial agent is mixed by the fermented liquid of vinelandii, potassium solubilizing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria; Described vinelandii are azotobacter chroococcum (Azotobacter chroococcum), and described phosphate solubilizing bacteria is false pseudomonas bacillus (Pseudomonas), and described potassium solubilizing bacteria is silicate bacteria;
Described vegetable fibre is a kind of or any several mixing in wheat stalk, maize straw, cotton stalk, reed rod, sedge, corn cob, bagasse;
Described fowl and animal excrement is a kind of or any several mixing in cow dung, sheep excrement, chicken and duck excrement;
Described plant-growth regulator is a kind of in brassinolide, indolylacetic acid, Plant hormones regulators,gibberellins.
2. the preparation method of nutrition composite fertilizer as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that step is:
(1) choose by weight the raw material of formula ratio;
(2) vegetable fibre is ground into to 50-60 purpose powder, trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, Root of Indigowoad powder mix are broken into to 20 purpose powder;
(3) fowl and animal excrement, microbiobacterial agent, vegetable fibre powder, attapulgite are mixed, mix thoroughly, the wet feed of banking up in fermentation vat fermentation, on cover the moisture-heat preservation material, after 50 hours, turning for the first time when in heap, temperature reaches 50-70 ℃, and every turning in 20-24 hour once, after 2-3 turning, fermentation ends;
(4) tunning step (3) made mixes with urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium primary phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, nitrocalcite, sal epsom, borax, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, mixes thoroughly;
(5) trypterygine, Root-bark of Densefruit Pittany, trifoliate jewelvine, tobacco leaf, the Isatis Root add pulverizing in the mixture of step (4) gained after, and be mixed together evenly with thiophanate methyl, copper sulfate, diatomite and plant-growth regulator,
(6) step (5) gained mixture dried, obtain after granulating nutrition of the present invention composite fertilizer.
3. method as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that the moisture controlled of fermenting mixture in step (3) is at 45%-55%, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is controlled at 20-30:1, and pH value is controlled at 6.5-7.
4. method as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that carbon-nitrogen ratio is controlled at 25:1.
5. method as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that the heat and moisture preserving material is plastic cloth.
6. method as claimed in claim 2, while it is characterized in that turning for the first time in heap temperature be 65 ℃.
7. method as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that pulverising step adopts granular mill to carry out.
8. the application process of fertilizer as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that:
Between the month, remove inflorescence at Dicentra spectabilis florescence 6-7 later, get the epicormic branch cuttage of branch bottom, the length of transplanting a cutting is selected 7-9cm, otch dips in water-holding agent or plant ash, and cutting medium is selected sandy loam or fine sand, and the cuttage degree of depth is that straight cutting enters length in matrix and accounts for and transplant a cutting the 1/3-1/2 of overall length, after cuttage, water permeable, take shade net and sheltered from heat or light, the front matrix of taking root is watered and will be lacked, but will often to cuttings, spray water, within 28-31 days, take root
Be with spring soil to carry out plantlet of transplant, dug planting hole, the dark 15cm-20cm in cave, apply nutritious fertilizer 2-3kg/ of the present invention cave, and earthing waters permeablely, and final-period management is managed according to routine techniques, blooms then.
CN2012100392121A 2012-02-21 2012-02-21 Nutritional compound fertilizer for dicentra spectabilis and preparation method thereof CN102584483B (en)

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