CN102584344A - Water seepage prevention ground coat and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Water seepage prevention ground coat and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102584344A
CN102584344A CN2012100174894A CN201210017489A CN102584344A CN 102584344 A CN102584344 A CN 102584344A CN 2012100174894 A CN2012100174894 A CN 2012100174894A CN 201210017489 A CN201210017489 A CN 201210017489A CN 102584344 A CN102584344 A CN 102584344A
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China
Prior art keywords
ground
water
percent
low
coat enamel
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CN2012100174894A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡国桢
杜文男
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GEAREX PRECISION CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY (KUNSHAN) Co Ltd
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GEAREX PRECISION CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY (KUNSHAN) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012100174894A priority Critical patent/CN102584344A/en
Publication of CN102584344A publication Critical patent/CN102584344A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a water seepage prevention ground coat and a preparation method thereof. The water seepage prevention ground coat consists of the following components in percentage by weight: 20 to 25 percent of low-temperature solvent, 10 to 20 percent of quartz, 2 to 6 percent of aluminum oxide, 5 to 10 percent of kaoline, 5 to 10 percent of potassium feldspar, 15 to 20 percent of albite, 0.05 to 0.5 percent of sodium methyl cellulose, 0.05 to 0.5 percent of sodium tripolyphosphate and the balance of water. The water seepage prevention ground coat has high whiteness and high coverage capacity, and can completely prevent water and hydrotrope from leaking and prevent dirt, such as water, oil, mud and the like; a waterproof wall is built between the surface of a ceramic brick and a blank body, so that the waterproof performance of the ceramic brick is relatively high; and the water seepage prevention ground coat meets a demand of environment friendliness of the nowadays society.

Description

Ground-coat enamel and preparation method thereof does not seep water
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ground-coat enamel, relate in particular to a kind of ground-coat enamel that is used for wall tile and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
In recent years, the developing direction of wall tile product mainly concentrates on two aspects: be the artistry that improves the wall tile product decoration on the one hand, and derive a series of different patterns, style, quality and grain pattern; Be inner quality and the use properties that improves the wall tile product on the other hand.Wherein impervious is the importance of latter's development in recent years, in American-European market and domestic and international high-end building material product market, all requires the wall tile product to have impervious especially.
The water permeability of so-called wall tile product is meant it before paving long period soaked (its objective is make wall tile and body of wall bond the cement effect under firm) after, glaze manifests the phenomenon of watermark.The water permeability of wall tile has not only caused the soaked aberration that has had every brick before the paving, and after paving, because most of resident families kitchen guarding space is less, dry and wet zone is not significantly isolated, and forms the difference of metope humidity, forms the aberration between wall and the wall.Undoubtedly, the aberration that produces because of infiltration before and after the paving all can influence the attractive in appearance of decoration, and this is the higher unacceptable mass defect of resident family of home decoration grade.So the scientific research personnel is intended to study the technology that do not seep water and the technology of wall tile product in recent years, this in the hope of solving owing to the mass defect that water permeability produced, improve the use properties and the class of wall tile product, and then promote the added value and the market competitiveness of brand.
The factor that causes wall tile product infiltration is from two aspects: be that the wall tile base substrate is in the agglomerating initial stage on the one hand; To generate the sintering neck in this stage; And grow up gradually, beginning to shrink up to sintered compact, certain this contraction is less; And the inner air vent channel that generates is to be communicated with and open, and void content is higher.Therefore in general; The water-intake rate of wall tile product is higher, usually all more than 15%, some in addition reach 18~20%; The wall tile product all exists to burn till and shrinks characteristics less than normal, that water-intake rate is higher, and this also is to be determined by the production technique of wall tile, use range and request for utilization.The higher characteristic of wall tile base substrate water-intake rate is to cause the basic immanent cause that produces water-permeable.And on the other hand, the glaze of wall tile, particularly transparent, matt glaze and semi-mat glaze; Their opacifying power is very poor, and water-permeable is very obvious, even if the zircon-opacified glaze of high whiteness, high glossiness; Its opacifying power neither be completely, can only belong to half opacifying property opaque glaze.After the wall tile base substrate is inhaled the water of having satisfied; Again because the inner water-intake rate of base substrate and unbalanced; The different watermark of the suction that produces will see through the incomplete glaze of these opacifying powers and display; Formed the permeable defective of product, wall tile overglaze half opacifying property characteristic also is the important immanent cause that forms its water-permeable at present.
Because wall tile product base substrate water-intake rate is higher to be still unalterable at present characteristics; Therefore the scientific research personnel has turned to raising overglaze opacifying power to strengthen overglaze milkiness performance sight; Watermark after letting base substrate absorb water can not display, and solves the water permeability problem with this.
The common glazed interior tile that existing production technique is made, because of the ground-coat enamel density is low more coarse, water-repellancy is poor, and the infiltration phenomenon is comparatively serious, makes ceramic tile produce the space variable color, produces problems such as watermark.Because this defective of existing technology when ceramic tile uses, because its water resistance is undesirable, can produce ceramic tile variable color obfuscation in use for some time in moist or filthy environment, the aged phenomenon takes place, and can not adapt to the clean demand of current society; Owing to humid environment, filth, also can grow mosquito in addition, be unfavorable for people's health.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of ground-coat enamel and preparation method thereof that do not seep water, to overcome the above-mentioned defective that prior art exists.
The described ground-coat enamel that do not seep water, form by following components in weight percentage:
Preferably:
Described low-temperature solvent, form by following components in weight percentage:
Fe 2O 3?0.63~0.86%、MgO?0.79~1.64%、CaO?6.82~8.68%、TiO 2?9.78~11.86%、Al 2O 3?5.5~7.4%、SiO 2?57.31~70.29%、ZnO?3.31~5.81%、B 2O 31.86~3.79%。
Described low-temperature solvent is preparation like this:
With titanium oxide, talcum, feldspar, aluminum oxide, lime carbonate, quartz, zinc oxide and boric acid, ball milling to 120 order was calcined 45min~60min hour down at 1150 ℃~1260 ℃ then, can obtain low-temperature solvent;
The preferred alumina in Nano level of said aluminum oxide, preferably particle diameter is at the aluminum oxide of 50-300 nanometer, and this moment, calcining temperature was 1150-1210 ℃.
The weight percent of each component is:
Each percentages of ingredients sum is 100%;
Preferably, the weight percent of each component is:
Each percentages of ingredients sum is 100%;
The preparation method of the ground-coat enamel that do not seep water of the present invention comprises the steps:
Low-temperature solvent, quartz, aluminum oxide, kaolin, potassium felspar sand and albite are mixed, add entry, sodium carboxymethylcellulose pyce and tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, ball milling to fineness is that the screenings of 325 eye mesh screens is 0.5%~0.7% (weight percent), can obtain product.
The method of use of the ground-coat enamel that do not seep water of the present invention and general ground-coat enamel enameling method are in full accord, and described glaze is imposed on the base substrate, place roller way kiln to fire, get final product final ceramic product.
The ground-coat enamel that do not seep water of the present invention adopts the low-temperature solvent of special formulation, and whiteness is high, covering power is strong, and the water and the water solubles are had good impervious, can waterproof, dirt such as grease proofing, anti-mud.Especially in low-temperature solvent, add alumina in Nano level, the ground-coat enamel that obtains has unexpected complete impervious, and this possibly be because the high reactivity of alumina in Nano level; Reduced the sintering temperature of solvent, thereby guaranteed the tight burning property of ground-coat enamel, made the pore sealing; It is maximum that shrinking percentage reaches; It is minimum that water-intake rate reaches, and suction makes ground-coat enamel form complete watertight layer hardly.And because TiO2 crystal emulsion thus formed titanate ceramic tile in the middle of the embryo surface and build a "fire wall" to make ceramic tiles waterproof performance is better.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Prescription:
Low-temperature solvent:
With titanium oxide, talcum, feldspar, aluminum oxide, lime carbonate, quartz, zinc oxide and boric acid, ball milling to 120 order was calcined 60min hour down at 1240 ℃ then, can obtain low-temperature solvent;
The weight percent of each component is:
The low-temperature solvent that obtains, the weight percent component is following:
Fe 2O 3?0.63%、MgO?0.79%、CaO?7.82%、TiO 2?9.78%、Al 2O 3?5.5%、SiO 269.31%、ZnO?3.31%、B 2O 3?2.86%。
The preparation method:
Low-temperature solvent, quartz, aluminum oxide, kaolin, potassium felspar sand and albite are mixed, add entry, sodium carboxymethylcellulose pyce and tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, ball milling to fineness is that the screenings of 325 eye mesh screens is 0.5%, and weight can obtain product.
The water permeability test:
Putting the brick that has baked into massfraction is in the 0.01% carmine aqueous solution, soaks 30min, dries with the flushing with clean water dry towel again, and redness is can't see on the brick surface, and promptly water permeability is good; This patent does not have redness, and common general cosmetic soil has the red marking.
Whiteness is through (spectrophotometer) MINLTA CM-3300d test, whiteness 41.93, common general cosmetic soil whiteness 39.88;
Embodiment 2
Prescription:
Low-temperature solvent:
With titanium oxide, talcum, feldspar, aluminum oxide, lime carbonate, quartz, zinc oxide and boric acid, ball milling to 120 order was calcined 45min hour down at 1260 ℃ then, can obtain low-temperature solvent;
The weight percent of each component is:
The low-temperature solvent that obtains, the weight percent component is following:
Fe 2O 3?0.86%、MgO?1.64%、CaO?6.82%、TiO 2?10.31%、Al 2O 3?7.4%、SiO 263.37%、ZnO?5.81%、B 2O 3?3.79%。
The preparation method:
Low-temperature solvent, quartz, aluminum oxide, kaolin, potassium felspar sand and albite are mixed, add entry, sodium carboxymethylcellulose pyce and tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, ball milling to fineness is that the screenings of 325 eye mesh screens is 0.7%, and weight can obtain product.
Adopt embodiment 1 identical method to detect whiteness 47.56, common general cosmetic soil whiteness 41.93; The water permeability this patent does not have red and common general cosmetic soil has the red marking.
Embodiment 3
Prescription:
Low-temperature solvent:
With titanium oxide, talcum, feldspar, aluminum oxide, lime carbonate, quartz, zinc oxide and boric acid, ball milling to 120 order was calcined 60min hour down at 1240 ℃ then, can obtain low-temperature solvent;
The median size of said aluminum oxide is 80 nanometers;
The weight percent of each component is:
The low-temperature solvent that obtains, the weight percent component is following:
Fe 2O 3?0.63%、MgO?0.79%、CaO?7.82%、TiO 2?9.78%、Al 2O 3?5.5%、SiO 269.31%、ZnO?3.31%、B 2O 3?2.86%。
The preparation method:
Low-temperature solvent, quartz, aluminum oxide, kaolin, potassium felspar sand and albite are mixed, add entry, sodium carboxymethylcellulose pyce and tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, ball milling to fineness is that the screenings of 325 eye mesh screens is 0.5%, and weight can obtain product.
The water permeability test:
Putting the brick that has baked into massfraction is in the 0.01% carmine aqueous solution, soaks 24 hours, dries with the flushing with clean water dry towel again, and redness is can't see on the brick surface, and water permeability is fine.
Whiteness is through (spectrophotometer) MINLTA CM-3300d test, whiteness 51.22.

Claims (7)

1. the ground-coat enamel that do not seep water is characterized in that, is made up of following components in weight percentage:
2. the ground-coat enamel that do not seep water according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is made up of following components in weight percentage:
3. the ground-coat enamel that do not seep water according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that described low-temperature solvent is made up of following components in weight percentage:
Fe 2O 3?0.63~0.86%、MgO?0.79~1.64%、CaO?6.82~8.68%、TiO 2?9.78~11.86%、Al 2O 3?5.5~7.4%、SiO 2?57.31~70.29%、ZnO?3.31~5.81%、B 2O 31.86~3.79%。
4. the ground-coat enamel that do not seep water according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described low-temperature solvent is preparation like this:
With titanium oxide, talcum, feldspar, aluminum oxide, lime carbonate, quartz, zinc oxide and boric acid, ball milling to 120 order was calcined 45min~60min hour down at 1240 ℃~1260 ℃ then, can obtain low-temperature solvent;
The weight percent of each component is:
Each percentages of ingredients sum is 100%.
5. the ground-coat enamel that do not seep water according to claim 4 is characterized in that the weight percent of each component is:
Each percentages of ingredients sum is 100%.
6. according to claim 4 or the 5 described ground-coat enamels that do not seep water, it is characterized in that said aluminum oxide median size is 50~300 nanometers.
7. like the preparation method of each described ground-coat enamel that do not seep water of claim 1~6; It is characterized in that; Comprise the steps: low-temperature solvent, quartz, aluminum oxide, kaolin, potassium felspar sand and albite are mixed, add entry, sodium carboxymethylcellulose pyce and tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, ball milling to fineness is that the screenings of 325 eye mesh screens is 0.5%~0.7%; Weight percent can obtain product.
CN2012100174894A 2012-01-19 2012-01-19 Water seepage prevention ground coat and preparation method thereof Pending CN102584344A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103641515A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-19 李咚 Ceramic glaze
CN103833419A (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-06-04 惠达卫浴股份有限公司 Purple bronze glaze with metallic luster and preparation method thereof
CN105271751A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-27 湖南天欣科技股份有限公司 High-temperature glaze for anti-skid ceramic tiles as well as production method and application method of high-temperature glaze
CN107056337A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-18 佛山市陶莹新型材料有限公司 A kind of satin glaze makes formula

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60235775A (en) * 1984-05-09 1985-11-22 Mikio Nakajima Glass flame-spraying coating
CN1133273A (en) * 1995-04-10 1996-10-16 金子文 Enamel glazing and sintering
CN1475456A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-02-18 安徽华运陶瓷有限公司 High strength impervious inner wall brick
CN1887812A (en) * 2006-07-18 2007-01-03 广东三水大鸿制釉有限公司 Decoration glaze for inner wall tile and its prepn and detection method
CN101177354A (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-05-14 霍炳祥 Water-tight fused block and method for manufacturing same
CN102040368A (en) * 2009-10-18 2011-05-04 吴汉阳 Foamed ceramic thermal insulation material with decoration function and wear-resisting and antifouling function

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60235775A (en) * 1984-05-09 1985-11-22 Mikio Nakajima Glass flame-spraying coating
CN1133273A (en) * 1995-04-10 1996-10-16 金子文 Enamel glazing and sintering
CN1475456A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-02-18 安徽华运陶瓷有限公司 High strength impervious inner wall brick
CN1887812A (en) * 2006-07-18 2007-01-03 广东三水大鸿制釉有限公司 Decoration glaze for inner wall tile and its prepn and detection method
CN101177354A (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-05-14 霍炳祥 Water-tight fused block and method for manufacturing same
CN102040368A (en) * 2009-10-18 2011-05-04 吴汉阳 Foamed ceramic thermal insulation material with decoration function and wear-resisting and antifouling function

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103641515A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-19 李咚 Ceramic glaze
CN103833419A (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-06-04 惠达卫浴股份有限公司 Purple bronze glaze with metallic luster and preparation method thereof
CN103833419B (en) * 2014-01-02 2015-01-14 惠达卫浴股份有限公司 Purple bronze glaze with metallic luster and preparation method thereof
CN105271751A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-27 湖南天欣科技股份有限公司 High-temperature glaze for anti-skid ceramic tiles as well as production method and application method of high-temperature glaze
CN107056337A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-18 佛山市陶莹新型材料有限公司 A kind of satin glaze makes formula

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Application publication date: 20120718

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