CN102582797B - A kind of three body contamination removing ship and method for cleaning waterborne - Google Patents

A kind of three body contamination removing ship and method for cleaning waterborne Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102582797B
CN102582797B CN201210069699.8A CN201210069699A CN102582797B CN 102582797 B CN102582797 B CN 102582797B CN 201210069699 A CN201210069699 A CN 201210069699A CN 102582797 B CN102582797 B CN 102582797B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
contamination
cage
hull
collateral
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210069699.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102582797A (en
Inventor
李淑江
迟百宏
杨卫民
田绪东
刘晓
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201210069699.8A priority Critical patent/CN102582797B/en
Publication of CN102582797A publication Critical patent/CN102582797A/en
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Publication of CN102582797B publication Critical patent/CN102582797B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of three body contamination removing ship and method for cleaning waterborne, three body contamination removing ships take trimaran as carrier, by recovery capsule, collect cage, sling device, collateral net, water pump, waterjet propulsor, a few part such as spout is formed, water pump sucks large water gaging from water inlet, major part is transported to waterjet propulsor and moves ahead for promoting hull, a small amount of water is transported to the spout of collateral online side, for the rubbish in contamination removing ship front and hydrophyte being driven to collection cage front, rubbish is brought in collection cage by the current that move backward relative to hull in hull front simultaneously automatically, collect cage stored in after a certain amount of rubbish, hung to deliver to above recovery capsule by sling device and topple over.The present invention's area of once removing contamination is large, do not produce secondary pollution, and equipment installation and maintenance is simple, is particularly suitable for the cleaning work of lake and coastal waters rubbish and hydrophyte on a large scale.

Description

A kind of three body contamination removing ship and method for cleaning waterborne
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of anti-pollution vessel waterborne, specifically relate to a kind of three body contamination removing ships can clearing up various garbage on water and hydrophyte.
Background technology
At present, various floating solids rubbish waterborne and the various algae due to Water Eutrophication generation cause serious pollution to water quality, and this all causes great impact to the life of natural environment and people; General contamination removing ship is the method adopting the motor-driven pumped surface rubbish of fore machine and fore belt conveyor conveying garbage, although this method is higher than artificial efficiency of salvaging, but complex structure, hull is heavy, fuel discharge is large, easily cause secondary pollution, and once salvage limited area, clean-up capability is unsatisfactory.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of three body contamination removing ships.In order to overcome the deficiency of contamination removing ship of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of three body contamination removing ships, increasing area of removing contamination, improve a decontamination amount; Utilize water impact that rubbish is entered automatically to collect in cage, decrease the secondary pollution that existing contamination removing ship causes.Be suitable for the cleaning work of lake and coastal waters rubbish and hydrophyte on a large scale.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of three body contamination removing ships waterborne, and comprise the auxiliary hull of main body and both sides, main body is fixedly connected with by connecting bridge with auxiliary hull; Main body there are master control room and recovery capsule; Be provided with four between main body and auxiliary hull and collect cage, collect cage Qianmen and adopt slideway to be connected with collection cage, can open by upward sliding; Two truss are arranged at the top of auxiliary hull, truss have sling device A and sling device B, and the effect of sling device A opens to collect cage Qianmen, and the effect of sling device B hangs to send to collect above cage to recovery capsule and to topple over; Have water inlet under waterline inside auxiliary hull front, water inlet connects the water pump at middle part in auxiliary hull cabin, and the rear end of water pump connects waterjet propulsor and water pipe; Water pipe is fixed on auxiliary hull bulkhead topside, and the opening part above auxiliary hull and collateral net hinge stretches out, and is fixed on collateral online side; Water pipe connects the fixing spout of collateral online side by flow divider valve, and rubbish can be driven the dead ahead to collecting cage by spout from collateral net front; The end bottom of collateral net is fixed with floating drum by rotating shaft.
The integral structure of the main body of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is made by glass-reinforced plastic material; The front portion of main body superstructure is master control room, as the place of driving all kinds of mechanical device on contamination removing ship advance and manipulation contamination removing ship; Rear portion is recovery capsule, and be the storage place of the rubbish salvaged, the baffle plate at recovery capsule rear portion can be opened, and is convenient to the garbage-cleaning work after pulling in shore; Its topsides of the shell of main body is vertical, keeps and collects the cubic shaped of cage and well coordinate, and prevents rubbish from slipping away from shell and the gap of collection cage.
The collection cage of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is made up of high-molecular organic materials such as polyamide (PA), polycarbonate (PC), collects on cage and is furnished with uniform hole, current can be made to pass through, but rubbish and hydrophyte can be detained in cage; Collecting cage Qianmen adopts slideway to be connected with collection cage, and can make its upward sliding by sling device and open, rubbish be stored in after some, Qianmen slide downward is closed, collect cage to be sling by sling device B, be transported to above recovery capsule and rubbish is toppled over, then return-to-home position; The bottom of collecting cage at the following certain distance of the water surface, should ensure that rubbish is not missed; Main body the right and left respectively has two independently to collect cage, and when the collection cage when is above lifted, collection cage Qianmen is below opened, start to collect rubbish, after front collection cage playback, rear collection cage is sling and transports rubbish, and such mode of operation can ensure that rubbish can not be missed.
The integral structure of the auxiliary hull of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is made by glass-reinforced plastic material, is connected with main body by connecting bridge; The superstructure of auxiliary hull is the truss of two stands above hull, and truss has sling device, collects cage Qianmen, and hang and send collection cage for opening; There are water pump and waterjet propulsor in auxiliary hull inside, water major part is transported to waterjet propulsor, advances for boats and ships after being drawn water by the water inlet in auxiliary hull front by water pump, the spout of collateral online side is arrived, for driveing the rubbish in collateral net front at least partially through water pipe.
The structure of the collateral net of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is made up of framework and block, and its middle frame is made by aluminum alloy materials, blocks to be made by nylon (PA) material; The effect of collateral net is the garbage-cleaning scope expanding contamination removing ship, rubbish can be driven the front to contamination removing ship, is convenient to reclaim; Collateral Netcom crosses hinge and is connected with auxiliary hull, the hydraulic compressor of auxiliary hull side controls it and rotates, time in running order, hydraulic compressor promotes collateral net unfolding to correct position, when being in off working state, collateral net is packed up by hydraulic compressor, makes collateral net be parallel to the topside of auxiliary hull, to reduce the resistance to motion of boats and ships; The bottom of collateral net should underwater about 10 centimeters, ensures that rubbish is not missed; The length of collateral net is determined according to actual conditions, but is generally no more than the captain of auxiliary hull; Floating drum is arranged at the end bottom of collateral net, and water as to collateral net bearing capacity upwards, reduces the moment of torsion at hinge place to the buoyancy of floating drum.
The spout of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is cast by aluminum alloy materials and is formed; Spout is evenly arranged on the framework in collateral online face, the quantity of spout arrangement, rubbish can be driven from collateral net front be as the criterion to the dead ahead of collecting cage with jet water course; The horizontal surface direction of spout perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of hull, vertical surface direction should answer downward-sloping 45 °-60 °; The afterbody of spout is connected with water pipe, and water pipe has control cock, controls to spray the water yield depending on the actual environment residing for contamination removing ship; If the rubbish cleared up has toxicity, in the current of injection, containing removing toxic substances chemical, the clean of water quality can be ensured with this.
The water inlet of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is positioned at underwater inside auxiliary hull front, ovalize; There is block water inlet front end, prevents rubbish from entering water pump; Suck large water gaging by water inlet simultaneously, the water in hull front is accelerated to boattail flow, drives rubbish waterborne to enter collection cage faster.
The water pump of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is positioned at middle part, auxiliary hull cabin, is driven by diesel engine or electrical motor; The water major part of water pump conveying enters waterjet propulsor, and be used for promoting boats and ships and move ahead, small part water amount controllable enters the spout of collateral online side by water pipe, is used for driveing the rubbish in collateral net front.
The waterjet propulsor of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is positioned at auxiliary hull cabin afterbody, and be used as power with water pump, through boat tail injection orifice, water from ship rear to discharge, the antagonistic force by water carrys out propelling ship.
The water pipe of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne to refer in particular to by water pump to the water-supply-pipe of collateral online side's spout, is made by polyethylene (PE) material; In auxiliary hull topside internal placement, and stretch out outboard by collateral net hinge upper opening; Outboard part is fixed on collateral online side, and logical by the flow divider valve identical with spout quantity on water pipe sidewall, and flow divider valve connects spout.
The method for cleaning of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is: three body contamination removing ships are under the state of removing contamination, and hydraulic compressor promotes collateral net unfolding; Water pump is drawn water by the water inlet in auxiliary hull front, and most of water yield is delivered to waterjet propulsor, and waterjet propulsor promotes hull and advances; The small part water yield is delivered to spout by water pipe, spout jet water course, is driven by the rubbish in collateral net front to collection cage dead ahead; Sling device on truss will collect the pull-up of cage Qianmen, and the current that rubbish flows backward with relative hull enter collection cage automatically; After the collection cage of two is above stored in a certain amount of rubbish, Qianmen is closed, collection cage is hung to deliver to above recovery capsule by sling device topples over, and simultaneously, two collection cage Qianmens are opened, and carry out refuse collection work, current collection cage is hung sends back to original position, when carrying out refuse collection, rear collection cage Qianmen is closed, and hangs and delivers to recovery capsule, topple over, then hung and send back to original position.
The present invention take trimaran as carrier, the rotatable collateral net of hull both sides erection, current are used to drive and current drive the method for rubbish the automatic recovery, add area of removing contamination, improve a decontamination amount, simplify dirt cleaner, the shortcoming overcome traditional contamination removing ship complex structure, easily causing secondary pollution, once salvage limited area, and equipment installation and maintenance are simple, strong adaptability, be particularly suitable for the cleaning work of lake and coastal waters rubbish and hydrophyte on a large scale.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: the present invention's three body contamination removing ship birds-eye vieies waterborne.
Fig. 2: the present invention's three body contamination removing ship front views waterborne.
Fig. 3: the present invention's three body contamination removing ship left views waterborne.
In figure: 1-main body, 2-auxiliary hull, 3-master control room, 4-connecting bridge, 5-recovery capsule, 6-collects cage, and 7-collects cage Qianmen, 8-truss, 9-sling device A, 10-sling device B, 11-water inlet, 12-water pump, 13-waterjet propulsor, 14-water pipe, 15-spout, 16-hydraulic compressor, the collateral net of 17-, 18-floating drum, 19-waterline.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specific embodiment of the invention is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, a kind of three body contamination removing ships waterborne, comprise the auxiliary hull 2 of main body 1 and both sides, main body 1 is fixedly connected with by connecting bridge 4 with auxiliary hull 2; Main body there is master control room 3 and 5 recovery capsule 5; Be provided with four between main body 1 and auxiliary hull 2 and collect cage 6, collect cage Qianmen 7 and adopt slideway to be connected with collection cage 6, can open by upward sliding; Two truss 8 are arranged at the top of auxiliary hull 2, truss 8 have sling device A9 and sling device B10; Inside auxiliary hull 2 front, waterline has water inlet 11 19 times, and water inlet 11 connects the water pump 12 at middle part in auxiliary hull 2 cabin, and the rear end of water pump 12 connects waterjet propulsor 13 and water pipe 14; Water pipe 14 is fixed on auxiliary hull 2 bulkhead topside, and the opening part above auxiliary hull 2 with collateral net 17 hinge stretches out, and is fixed on above collateral net 17; Water pipe connects spout 15 fixing above collateral net 17 by flow divider valve; The end bottom of collateral net 17 is fixed with floating drum 18 by rotating shaft.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, the method for cleaning of the present invention's three body contamination removing ships waterborne is: three body contamination removing ships are under the state of removing contamination, and hydraulic compressor 16 promotes collateral net 17 and launches; Water pump 12 is drawn water by the water inlet 11 in auxiliary hull 2 front, and most of water yield is delivered to waterjet propulsor 13, and waterjet propulsor 13 promotes hull and advances; The small part water yield is delivered to spout 15 by water pipe 14, spout jet water course, is driven by the rubbish in collateral net 17 front to collection cage 6 dead ahead; Sling device A9 on truss 8 will collect cage Qianmen 7 pull-up, and rubbish automatically enters with the current that relative hull flows backward and collects cage 6; After the collection cage 6 of two is above stored in a certain amount of rubbish, Qianmen 7 is closed, collection cage is hung to deliver to above recovery capsule 5 by sling device B10 topples over, and simultaneously, two Qianmens 7 of collecting cages 6 are opened, and carry out refuse collection work, current collection cage 6 is hung sends back to original position, when carrying out refuse collection, rear collection cage Qianmen 7 is closed, and hangs and delivers to recovery capsule 5, topple over, then hung and send back to original position.

Claims (6)

1. three body contamination removing ships waterborne, is characterized in that: be carrier with trimaran, and comprise recovery capsule, collect cage, sling device, collateral net, water pump, waterjet propulsor, a few part of spout, main body is fixedly connected with by connecting bridge with auxiliary hull; Have water inlet under waterline inside auxiliary hull front, water inlet connects the water pump at middle part in auxiliary hull cabin, and the rear end of water pump connects waterjet propulsor and water pipe; Water pipe is fixed on auxiliary hull bulkhead topside, and the opening part above auxiliary hull and collateral net hinge stretches out, and is fixed on collateral online side; Water pipe connects the fixing spout of collateral online side by flow divider valve, water pump sucks large water gaging from water inlet, major part is transported to waterjet propulsor and moves ahead for promoting hull, a small amount of water is transported to the spout of collateral online side, for the rubbish in contamination removing ship front and hydrophyte being driven to collection cage front, rubbish is brought in collection cage by the current that move backward relative to hull in hull front simultaneously automatically, collects cage stored in after a certain amount of rubbish, is hung to deliver to above recovery capsule topple over by sling device.
2. three body contamination removing ships waterborne according to claim 1, is characterized in that: take trimaran as carrier, and hull both sides connect the collateral net that can horizontally rotate, and control it rotate by hydraulic compressor.
3. three body contamination removing ships waterborne according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: collateral online side is fixed with the spout of some, when collateral net launches completely, spout on horizontal surface direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of hull, towards to have a down dip certain angle on vertical surface direction.
4. three body contamination removing ships waterborne according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between main body and two auxiliary hulls, have respectively hung front and back and have collected cage a pair, collect cage Qianmen and adopt slideway to be connected with collection cage, can make its upward sliding by sling device and open.
5. three body contamination removing ships waterborne according to claim 1, is characterized in that: water pump is after the water suction of auxiliary hull front water inlet, and most of water yield enters waterjet propulsor, and the small part water yield is delivered to the spout of collateral online side by water pipe.
6. the method for cleaning of three body contamination removing ships waterborne according to claim 1, is characterized in that: three body contamination removing ships are under the state of removing contamination, and hydraulic compressor promotes collateral net unfolding; Water pump is drawn water by the water inlet in auxiliary hull front, and most of water yield is delivered to waterjet propulsor, and waterjet propulsor promotes hull and advances; The small part water yield is delivered to spout by water pipe, spout jet water course, is driven by the rubbish in collateral net front to collection cage dead ahead; Sling device on truss will collect the pull-up of cage Qianmen, and the current that rubbish flows backward with relative hull enter collection cage automatically; After the collection cage of two is above stored in a certain amount of rubbish, Qianmen is closed, collection cage is hung to deliver to above recovery capsule by sling device topples over, and simultaneously, two collection cage Qianmens are opened, and carry out refuse collection work, current collection cage is hung sends back to original position, when carrying out refuse collection, rear collection cage Qianmen is closed, and hangs and delivers to recovery capsule, topple over, then hung and send back to original position.
CN201210069699.8A 2012-03-07 2012-03-07 A kind of three body contamination removing ship and method for cleaning waterborne Expired - Fee Related CN102582797B (en)

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