CN102582797A - Water-borne three-body trash cleaning ship and cleaning method - Google Patents

Water-borne three-body trash cleaning ship and cleaning method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102582797A
CN102582797A CN2012100696998A CN201210069699A CN102582797A CN 102582797 A CN102582797 A CN 102582797A CN 2012100696998 A CN2012100696998 A CN 2012100696998A CN 201210069699 A CN201210069699 A CN 201210069699A CN 102582797 A CN102582797 A CN 102582797A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
cage
ship
contamination
hull
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Granted
Application number
CN2012100696998A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102582797B (en
Inventor
李淑江
迟百宏
杨卫民
田绪东
刘晓
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201210069699.8A priority Critical patent/CN102582797B/en
Publication of CN102582797A publication Critical patent/CN102582797A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102582797B publication Critical patent/CN102582797B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a water-borne three-body trash cleaning ship and a cleaning method. The three-body trash cleaning ship uses a three-body ship as a carrier, and consists of a recovery cabin, a collecting cage, a sling device, a side supporting net, a water pump, a water spraying thruster, a nozzle and the like. The water pump sucks a large quantity of water from a water inlet, most of the water is delivered to the water spraying thruster so as to be used for pushing a ship body to advance, a small quantity of water is delivered to the nozzle above the side supporting net and used for driving trash and aquatic plants in front of the trash cleaning ship to a place in front of the collecting cage, simultaneously, water flow, which rearwards moves relative to the ship body, in front of the ship body automatically drives the trash into the collecting cage, and after a certain quantity of trash is stored in the collecting cage, the sling device hangs and conveys the collecting cage to a position above the recovery cabin so that the trash is poured into the recovery cabin. One-step trash cleaning area is large, secondary pollution is avoided, equipment is simple in installation and maintenance, and the water-borne three-body trash cleaning ship is particularly suitable for cleaning large-range trash and aquatic plants in lakes and short sea.

Description

A kind of trisome contamination removing ship waterborne and method for cleaning
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of anti-pollution vessel waterborne, specifically relate to a kind of trisome contamination removing ship that can clear up various garbage on water and hydrophyte.
Background technology
At present, various floating solids rubbish waterborne and various because the algae that the water quality eutrophication produces has been caused serious pollution to water quality, this life to natural environment and people has all caused great influence; General contamination removing ship is the method that adopts motor-driven pumped surface rubbish of fore machine and fore belt conveyor to carry rubbish; Though this method is higher than the artificial efficient of salvaging, complex structure, hull is heavy; Fuel discharge is big; Be prone to cause secondary pollution, and it is limited once to salvage area, clean-up capability is unsatisfactory.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of trisome contamination removing ship.In order to overcome the deficiency of contamination removing ship of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of trisome contamination removing ship, increases the area of removing contamination, and has improved decontamination amount one time; Utilize water impact that rubbish is got into automatically and collect in the cage, reduced the secondary pollution that existing contamination removing ship caused.Be suitable for the cleaning work of rubbish and hydrophyte on a large scale of lake and coastal waters.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of trisome contamination removing ship waterborne, comprise the auxiliary hull of main body and both sides, and main body is captiveed joint by connecting bridge with auxiliary hull; Master control room and recovery capsule are arranged on the main body; Be provided with four between main body and the auxiliary hull and collect cage, collect the cage Qianmen and adopt slideway to be connected with collecting cage, sliding opening can make progress; Two truss are arranged at the top of auxiliary hull, and hoist cable device A and hoist cable device B are arranged on the truss, and the effect of hoist cable device A is to open to collect the cage Qianmen, and the effect of hoist cable device B is to hang to send to collect cage to recovery capsule top and topple over; Under the inboard waterline in auxiliary hull the place ahead water inlet is arranged, water inlet connects the water pump at middle part in the auxiliary hull cabin, and the rear end of water pump connects waterjet propulsor and water pipe; Water pipe is fixed on auxiliary hull bulkhead topside, and the opening part above auxiliary hull and side are propped up the net hinge stretches out, and is fixed on side and props up online side; Water pipe connects side through flow divider valve and props up the fixing spout of online side, and spout can prop up net the place ahead from side with rubbish and drive to the dead ahead of collecting cage; The terminal bottom that side is propped up net is fixed with floating drum through rotating shaft.
The integral structure of the main body of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is made by glass-reinforced plastic material; The front portion of main body superstructure is a master control room, as driving the place that contamination removing ship advances and handles all kinds of mechanicals device on the contamination removing ship; The rear portion is a recovery capsule, is the storage place of the rubbish that salvages, and the baffle plate at recovery capsule rear portion can be opened, the garbage-cleaning work after being convenient to pull in to shore; Its topsides of the shell of main body is vertical, keeps well cooperating with the cubic shaped of collecting cage, prevents that rubbish from slipping away from the gap of shell and collection cage.
The collection cage of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is made up of polyamide (PA), polycarbonate high-molecular organic materials such as (PC), collects on the cage and is furnished with uniform hole, current are passed through, but rubbish and hydrophyte can be detained in the cage; Collect the cage Qianmen and adopt slideway and collect cage and is connected, can make its slip and opening of making progress by the hoist cable device, after rubbish deposits some in; The downward sliding closing in Qianmen; Collect cage and sling, be transported to the recovery capsule top rubbish is toppled over, then return-to-home position by hoist cable device B; The bottom of collecting cage should guarantee that rubbish is not omitted at the following certain distance of the water surface; Main body the right and left respectively has two independently to collect cage, and when fwd collection cage was sling, opened at the collection cage Qianmen of back; Begin to collect rubbish; After the playback of preceding collection cage, back collection cage is sling and is transported rubbish, and such mode of operation can guarantee that rubbish can not omitted.
The integral structure of the auxiliary hull of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is made by glass-reinforced plastic material, is connected with main body through connecting bridge; The superstructure of auxiliary hull is the truss of two stands above hull, and the hoist cable device is arranged on the truss, is used for opening collecting the cage Qianmen, and hangs and send the collection cage; There are water pump and waterjet propulsor in auxiliary hull inside; After the water inlet of water pump through auxiliary hull the place ahead draws water, the water major part is transported to waterjet propulsor, is used for boats and ships and advances; Few part arrives side through water pipe and props up online side's spout, is used to drive the rubbish that side is propped up net the place ahead.
The structure that the side of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is propped up net is made up of framework and block, and its middle frame is made by aluminum alloy materials, and block is formed by nylon (PA) material; The effect that side is propped up net is the garbage-cleaning scope that enlarges contamination removing ship, can rubbish be driven the place ahead to contamination removing ship, is convenient to reclaim; Side is propped up Netcom and is crossed hinge and be connected with auxiliary hull; Its rotation of hydraulic compressor control of auxiliary hull side, when in running order, hydraulic compressor promotes side and props up net unfolding to correct position; When being in off working state; Hydraulic compressor props up net with side and packs up, and makes side prop up the topside that net is parallel to auxiliary hull, to reduce the resistance to motion of boats and ships; The bottom that side is propped up net should guarantee that rubbish is not omitted underwater about 10 centimeters; Side is propped up the length of net and is decided according to actual conditions, but generally is no more than the captain of auxiliary hull; Floating drum is arranged at the terminal bottom that side is propped up net, and water props up net bearing capacity upwards to the buoyancy of floating drum as offside, reduces the moment of torsion at hinge place.
The spout of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is formed by the aluminum alloy materials casting; Spout evenly is arranged in side and props up on the framework of online face, and the quantity that spout is arranged can be propped up net the place ahead from side with rubbish with jet water course and driven to the dead ahead of collecting cage and be as the criterion; Should answer downward-sloping 45 °-60 ° on the vertical surface direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of hull on the horizontal surface direction of spout; The afterbody of spout is connected with water pipe, and control cock is arranged on the water pipe, looks the residing actual environment control of contamination removing ship and sprays the water yield; If the rubbish of being cleared up has toxicity, can contain the detoxifcation chemical in the current of injection, guarantee the cleaning of water quality with this.
The water inlet of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is positioned at the inboard underwater in auxiliary hull the place ahead, ovalize; The water inlet front end has block, prevents that rubbish from getting into water pump; Suck big water gaging through water inlet simultaneously, make the water in hull the place ahead quicken to flow, drive rubbish waterborne and get into the collection cage faster to stern.
The water pump of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is positioned at middle part, auxiliary hull cabin, through diesel engine or motor drives; The most of waterjet propulsor that gets into of the water that water pump is carried is used for promoting boats and ships and moves ahead, and few part water amount controllable props up online side's spout through the water pipe approaching side, is used for driveing the rubbish that side is propped up net the place ahead.
The waterjet propulsor of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is positioned at auxiliary hull cabin afterbody, the water pump as power, through boat tail injection orifice, water from the ship rear to discharge, lean on the antagonistic force of water to advance boats and ships.
The water pipe of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne refers in particular to the water-supply-pipe that is propped up online side's spout by water pump to side, is formed by poly-vinyl (PE) material; In auxiliary hull topside internal placement, and prop up net hinge top opening part by side and stretch out outboard; Outboard partly is fixed on side and props up online side, and logical by the flow divider valve identical with spout quantity on the water pipe sidewall, and flow divider valve connects spout.
The method for cleaning of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is: the trisome contamination removing ship is under the state of removing contamination, and hydraulic compressor promotes side and props up net unfolding; Water pump draws water through the water inlet in auxiliary hull the place ahead, and most of water yield is delivered to waterjet propulsor, and waterjet propulsor promotes hull and advances; Few part water yield is delivered to spout by water pipe, and the spout jet water course props up side in the rubbish in net the place ahead and drives to collecting the cage dead ahead; Hoist cable device on the truss will be collected the pull-up of cage Qianmen, rubbish with relative hull backward flowing water flow get into the collection cage automatically; After two of fwds were collected cage and deposited a certain amount of rubbish in, the Qianmen was closed, and collected cage and was hung by the hoist cable device and deliver to the recovery capsule top and topple over; Open at the cage of two collections in back simultaneously Qianmen, carries out refuse collection work, and current collection cage is hung sends back to original position; When carrying out refuse collection, the back is collected the cage Qianmen and is closed, and hangs and delivers to recovery capsule; Topple over, hung then and send back to original position.
The present invention is carrier with the trimaran, and the hull both sides are set up rotatable side and propped up net, the method that the utilization current are driven and water flow drives rubbish reclaims automatically; Increase the area of removing contamination, improved decontamination amount one time, simplified the equipment of removing contamination; Overcome traditional contamination removing ship complex structure, be prone to cause secondary pollution, once salvaged the limited shortcoming of area; And the equipment installation and maintenance are simple, and comformability is strong, are particularly suitable for the cleaning work of rubbish and hydrophyte on a large scale of lake and coastal waters.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne birds-eye view.
Fig. 2: the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne front view.
Fig. 3: the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne left view.
Among the figure: 1-main body, 2-auxiliary hull, 3-master control room, 4-connecting bridge, 5-recovery capsule; 6-collects cage, and 7-collects cage Qianmen, 8-truss, 9-hoist cable device A, 10-hoist cable device B; The 11-water inlet, 12-water pump, 13-waterjet propulsor, 14-water pipe, 15-spout; The 16-hydraulic compressor, the 17-side is propped up net, 18-floating drum, 19-waterline.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing practical implementation of the present invention is further described.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, a kind of trisome contamination removing ship waterborne comprises the auxiliary hull 2 of main body 1 and both sides, and main body 1 is captiveed joint by connecting bridge 4 with auxiliary hull 2; Master control room 3 and 5 recovery capsules 5 are arranged on the main body; Be provided with four between main body 1 and the auxiliary hull 2 and collect cage 6, collect cage Qianmen 7 and adopt slideway to be connected with collecting cage 6, sliding opening can make progress; Two truss 8 are arranged at the top of auxiliary hull 2, and hoist cable device A9 and hoist cable device B10 are arranged on the truss 8; The inboard waterline in auxiliary hull 2 the place aheads has water inlet 11 19 times, and water inlet 11 connects the water pump 12 at middle part in auxiliary hull 2 cabins, and the rear end of water pump 12 connects waterjet propulsor 13 and water pipe 14; Water pipe 14 is fixed on auxiliary hull 2 bulkhead topsides, and the opening part above auxiliary hull 2 and side are propped up net 17 hinges stretches out, and is fixed on side and props up net 17 tops; Water pipe connects the spout 15 that side is propped up net 17 upper fixed through flow divider valve; The terminal bottom that side is propped up net 17 is fixed with floating drum 18 through rotating shaft.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, the method for cleaning of the present invention's trisome contamination removing ship waterborne is: the trisome contamination removing ship is under the state of removing contamination, and hydraulic compressor 16 promotes side and props up net 17 expansion; Water pump 12 draws water through the water inlet 11 in auxiliary hull 2 the place aheads, and most of water yield is delivered to waterjet propulsor 13, and waterjet propulsor 13 promotes hull and advances; Few part water yield is delivered to spout 15 by water pipe 14, and the spout jet water course props up side in the rubbish in net 17 the place aheads and drives to collecting cage 6 dead aheads; Hoist cable device A9 on the truss 8 will collect 7 pull-ups of cage Qianmen, rubbish with relative hull backward flowing water flow get into automatically and collect cage 6; After two of fwds were collected cage 6 and deposited a certain amount of rubbish in, Qianmen 7 was closed, and collected cage and was hung by hoist cable device B10 and deliver to recovery capsule 5 tops and topple over; Open at two Qianmens 7 of collecting cage 6, back simultaneously, carries out refuse collection work, and current collection cage 6 is hung sends back to original position; When carrying out refuse collection, the back is collected cage Qianmen 7 and is closed, and hangs and delivers to recovery capsule 5; Topple over, hung then and send back to original position.

Claims (6)

1. trisome contamination removing ship waterborne; It is characterized in that: be carrier with the trimaran, prop up several parts such as net, water pump, waterjet propulsor, spout and constitute that water pump sucks big water gaging from water inlet by recovery capsule, collection cage, hoist cable device, side; Major part is transported to waterjet propulsor and is used to promote hull and moves ahead; Low amounts of water is transported to the spout that side is propped up online side, is used for the rubbish and the hydrophyte in contamination removing ship the place ahead are driven to collecting cage the place ahead, and hull the place ahead is brought into rubbish in the collection cage with respect to the current that hull moves backward automatically simultaneously; After collecting cage and depositing a certain amount of rubbish in, hang by the hoist cable device and to deliver to the recovery capsule top and topple over.
2. trisome contamination removing ship waterborne according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be carrier with the trimaran, the hull both sides connect the side that can horizontally rotate and prop up net, by its rotation of hydraulic compressor control.
3. trisome contamination removing ship waterborne according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: side is propped up the spout that online side is fixed with some; When side is propped up net and is launched fully, spout on the horizontal surface direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of hull, on the vertical surface direction towards having a down dip certain angle.
4. trisome contamination removing ship waterborne according to claim 1 is characterized in that: between main body and two auxiliary hulls, a pair of collection cage before and after respectively having hung is collected the cage Qianmen and is adopted slideway and collect cage and is connected, can make its slip and opening of making progress by the hoist cable device.
5. trisome contamination removing ship waterborne according to claim 1 is characterized in that: water pump is after the suction of auxiliary hull the place ahead water inlet, and most of water yield gets into waterjet propulsor, and few part water yield is delivered to the spout that side is propped up online side through water pipe.
6. the method for cleaning of the described trisome contamination removing ship waterborne of claim 1 is characterized in that: the trisome contamination removing ship is under the state of removing contamination, and hydraulic compressor promotes side and props up net unfolding; Water pump draws water through the water inlet in auxiliary hull the place ahead, and most of water yield is delivered to waterjet propulsor, and waterjet propulsor promotes hull and advances; Few part water yield is delivered to spout by water pipe, and the spout jet water course props up side in the rubbish in net the place ahead and drives to collecting the cage dead ahead; Hoist cable device on the truss will be collected the pull-up of cage Qianmen, rubbish with relative hull backward flowing water flow get into the collection cage automatically; After two of fwds were collected cage and deposited a certain amount of rubbish in, the Qianmen was closed, and collected cage and was hung by the hoist cable device and deliver to the recovery capsule top and topple over; Open at the cage of two collections in back simultaneously Qianmen, carries out refuse collection work, and current collection cage is hung sends back to original position; When carrying out refuse collection, the back is collected the cage Qianmen and is closed, and hangs and delivers to recovery capsule; Topple over, hung then and send back to original position.
CN201210069699.8A 2012-03-07 2012-03-07 A kind of three body contamination removing ship and method for cleaning waterborne Expired - Fee Related CN102582797B (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102923265A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-13 江苏科技大学 Unmanned water-surface cleaning electric triple-hulled vessel
CN102963505A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-03-13 安徽工业大学 Automatic clearing ship for rubbish on water
CN103072674A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-01 扬州唐人实业有限公司 On-water waste cleaning ship
CN103766294A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-07 项方岩 Trepang fishing trapper
CN104386213A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-03-04 上海电机学院 Remote-control and automatic salvage ship
CN104695399A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 长江水利委员会长江科学院 Floating gate hydraulic power integral float-garbage cleaning net frame system
CN105857530A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-17 邓三民 Refuse removal boat
CN107298170A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-10-27 深圳市雷凌广通技术研发有限公司 A kind of being used for based on Internet of Things clears up the unmanned plane of sea rubbish
CN108144730A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-06-12 广州市卓源机电科技有限公司 A kind of broken apart compressibility device of removable floating platform garbage on water
CN108330940A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-07-27 宁波市沃瑞斯机械科技有限公司 A kind of vortex pair drainage type pond floating object cleaning device based on cloud atlas
CN108516059A (en) * 2018-04-07 2018-09-11 孙献光 A kind of vessel for collecting refuse from open water of separable duckweed
CN108978607A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-12-11 宁波市沃瑞斯机械科技有限公司 A kind of vortex drainage type big pool floating object cleaning device based on cloud atlas
CN110126995A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-08-16 广州中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所分所 A kind of double ships cooperation device for cleaning water surface rubbish and operational method
CN110217361A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-09-10 蚌埠市建金智能科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving underwater garbage cleaning robot with classification feature
CN110663652A (en) * 2019-11-17 2020-01-10 克小改 Integrated three-dimensional aquatic product capturing device

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US4024063A (en) * 1973-02-15 1977-05-17 Kabushiki Kaisha World Chemical Floating-matter removing apparatus
US4264444A (en) * 1978-07-04 1981-04-28 Ateliers Generaux De Mecanique De L'ouest Apparatus for recovering material floating on a body of water and a barge for carrying such apparatus
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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102923265A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-13 江苏科技大学 Unmanned water-surface cleaning electric triple-hulled vessel
CN102923265B (en) * 2012-11-28 2015-03-04 江苏科技大学 Unmanned water-surface cleaning electric triple-hulled vessel
CN102963505A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-03-13 安徽工业大学 Automatic clearing ship for rubbish on water
CN102963505B (en) * 2012-11-30 2015-02-25 安徽工业大学 Automatic clearing ship for rubbish on water
CN103072674A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-01 扬州唐人实业有限公司 On-water waste cleaning ship
CN103072674B (en) * 2013-01-29 2015-12-23 扬州唐人实业有限公司 A kind of water rubbish clean-up vessel
CN103766294A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-07 项方岩 Trepang fishing trapper
CN104386213A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-03-04 上海电机学院 Remote-control and automatic salvage ship
CN104695399A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 长江水利委员会长江科学院 Floating gate hydraulic power integral float-garbage cleaning net frame system
CN105857530A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-17 邓三民 Refuse removal boat
CN107298170A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-10-27 深圳市雷凌广通技术研发有限公司 A kind of being used for based on Internet of Things clears up the unmanned plane of sea rubbish
CN107298170B (en) * 2017-06-23 2019-09-13 深圳市雷凌广通技术研发有限公司 A kind of unmanned plane for being used to clear up sea rubbish based on Internet of Things
CN108144730A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-06-12 广州市卓源机电科技有限公司 A kind of broken apart compressibility device of removable floating platform garbage on water
CN108144730B (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-12-03 广州市卓源机电科技有限公司 A kind of broken apart compressibility device of removable floating platform garbage on water
CN108978607B (en) * 2018-03-23 2020-09-04 浙大宁波理工学院 Vortex drainage type large water pool floater cleaning device based on cloud chart
CN108978607A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-12-11 宁波市沃瑞斯机械科技有限公司 A kind of vortex drainage type big pool floating object cleaning device based on cloud atlas
CN108330940B (en) * 2018-03-23 2020-05-12 浙江大学宁波理工学院 Double-vortex drainage type pool floater cleaning device based on cloud chart
CN108330940A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-07-27 宁波市沃瑞斯机械科技有限公司 A kind of vortex pair drainage type pond floating object cleaning device based on cloud atlas
CN108516059A (en) * 2018-04-07 2018-09-11 孙献光 A kind of vessel for collecting refuse from open water of separable duckweed
CN110126995A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-08-16 广州中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所分所 A kind of double ships cooperation device for cleaning water surface rubbish and operational method
CN110217361A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-09-10 蚌埠市建金智能科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving underwater garbage cleaning robot with classification feature
CN110217361B (en) * 2019-07-03 2021-09-24 漳州市龙文区健达电子科技有限公司 Energy-saving underwater garbage cleaning robot with classification function
CN110663652A (en) * 2019-11-17 2020-01-10 克小改 Integrated three-dimensional aquatic product capturing device
CN110663652B (en) * 2019-11-17 2021-07-23 芜湖盛典休闲生态园有限公司 Integrated three-dimensional aquatic product capturing device

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