CN102581197A - Feeding manipulator used for hot forging production line - Google Patents

Feeding manipulator used for hot forging production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102581197A
CN102581197A CN201210056257XA CN201210056257A CN102581197A CN 102581197 A CN102581197 A CN 102581197A CN 201210056257X A CN201210056257X A CN 201210056257XA CN 201210056257 A CN201210056257 A CN 201210056257A CN 102581197 A CN102581197 A CN 102581197A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
planker
frame
jig arm
auxiliary
drive unit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201210056257XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高尔荣
沈华强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Bolei Heavy Duty Machine Tool Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Bolei Heavy Duty Machine Tool Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Bolei Heavy Duty Machine Tool Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Bolei Heavy Duty Machine Tool Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201210056257XA priority Critical patent/CN102581197A/en
Publication of CN102581197A publication Critical patent/CN102581197A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a feeding manipulator used for a hot forging production line, which comprises a left rack, a right rack and two clamping arms, wherein the two clamping arms straddle on the left rack and the right rack and are used in pair. A lower carriage is horizontally and glidingly arranged on the right rack and is driven by a driving device A to move left and right, and an upper carriage is vertically and glidingly arranged on the lower carriage and is driven by a driving device B to move up and down. An auxiliary lower carriage is arranged on the left rack in a left-and-right gliding mode, and an auxiliary upper carriage is vertically and glidingly arranged on the auxiliary lower carriage. The right ends of the two clamping arms are respectively connected with the upper carriage in a front-and-back gliding mode and are driven by a driving device C installed on the upper carriage to relatively move to join or separate, and the left ends of the two clamping arms are respectively connected with the auxiliary upper carriage in a front-and-back gliding mode and are relatively fixed in a vertical direction. A plurality of pairs of clamping jaws used for clamping blanks are relatively arranged on the two clamping arms. According to the feeding manipulator, automatic feeding among multi-stations of a press can be realized. The feeding manipulator has the advantages of being simple in structure, reliable in operation and high in efficiency.

Description

The feeding mechanical hand that is used for the forge hot production line
Technical field
The invention belongs to the machining equipment field, relate in particular to a kind of feeding mechanical hand that is used for the forge hot production line.
Background technology
Forge hot is that forging stock is heated to the forging and molding operation of carrying out after the uniform temperature, comprises open die forging, loose tooling forging and die forging.Die forging is to utilize the hitting power of forging equipment (generally being forcing press) or pressure to make blank in the die cavity of forging mold, produce distortion, thereby obtains the forging method of forging, is to forge most important process in the processing; Forging precision is high; Production efficiency is high, is suitable in enormous quantities the forging and produces, and the die-forging forming quality is high; Can improve metal streamline and distribute, eliminate or improve banded microscopic structure, crystal grain thinning, the die-forging forming precision is high, production efficiency is high.
The forcing press that uses in the prior art is single station type; Need multistation continuously in the technology of processing being applied to forge especially forge hot etc.; A plurality of manufacturing procedures must be cooperated by a plurality of boards to be accomplished; There are shortcomings such as board quantity is many, use cost is high, take up room big, production efficiency is low, and also are unfavorable for using feeding mechanical hand to realize automated production.The inventor has designed a kind of forcing press and can realize the processing of unit platform multistation for this reason, the present invention relates to the manipulator that is used with this forcing press.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of feeding mechanical hand, not only can realize the self-feeding between the pressure board multistation, and simple in structure, reliable, efficient is high.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme below the present invention has adopted:
The feeding mechanical hand that is used for the forge hot production line comprises left frame, right frame and is crossed on left frame, the right frame two jig arm that pairing is mutually used; Following planker horizontal slip is arranged on the right frame and by drive unit A and drives move left and right, and last planker vertically is slidingly arranged in down on the planker and by drive unit B driving and moves up and down; Auxiliary planker down horizontally slips and is arranged on the left frame, and the auxiliary planker of going up vertically is slidingly arranged on the auxiliary planker down; The right-hand member of described two jig arm is slidingly connected and drives to relatively move and close up or separate by being installed in drive unit C on the planker respectively with before and after the last planker, and the left end of described two jig arm is slidingly connected with auxiliary upward planker front and back respectively and in the vertical direction relative fixed; Be oppositely arranged on described two jig arm be provided with many to being used for the jaw of clamping blank.Be provided with on described every pair of jaw and be used to realize the cooling duct that cools, the cooling duct on the jaw is connected with cooling water system through external pipe.Said going up on the planker is equipped with hopper, and hopper is between two jig arm, and said right frame is put on the shelf and is provided with material returned baffle plate, and material returned baffle plate right-hand member can insert the hopper bottom and be provided with the groove of placing blank at its right-hand member.It is described that many spacing between adjacent equates to jaw and hopper.
As preferably, the said drive unit A of planker down is the servomotor A that is installed on the right frame, and servomotor A is in transmission connection through screw mandrel with following planker.
As preferably, the said drive unit B that goes up planker is the adjustable cylinder of stroke.
As preferably, the drive unit C of said jig arm is a servo motor B, and servo motor B drives a screw mandrel and rotates, and this screw mandrel is threaded with a jig arm through left hand thread, is threaded with another jig arm through right-handed thread.
The present invention not only can realize the self-feeding between the pressure board multistation owing to adopted above technical scheme, and simple in structure, reliable, efficient is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of forge hot production line;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation (positive side) of forcing press;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation (dorsal surface) of forcing press;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation (front) of forcing press;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation (positive side) of feeding mechanical hand;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation (dorsal surface) of feeding mechanical hand;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation (front) of feeding mechanical hand;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation (overlooking) of feeding mechanical hand.
The specific embodiment
Do a detailed explanation below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing specific embodiments of the invention.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of forge hot production line as shown in Figure 1 comprises forcing press 1 and the feeding mechanical hand 2 that cooperates with it.
Implement the forcing press 1 of forge hot like Fig. 2, Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4 being used to; Comprise frame 101; Frame 101 is provided with motor 107, flywheel 105, clutch-brake 104, power transmission shaft 111, bent axle 112, slide block A102, slide block B 103, slide block C110; Wherein, Power transmission shaft 111 rotates on the both sides wallboard that is arranged on frame 1 respectively with bent axle 112; Power transmission shaft 111 1 ends are installed flywheel 105 and clutch-brake 104, and flywheel 105 is in transmission connection with motor 107, and power transmission shaft 111 other ends are in transmission connection through pinion 109 and the gear wheel 108 that is installed in bent axle 112 1 ends; Said slide block A102 vertically is slidingly arranged between the both sides wallboard of frame 101 and through connecting rod A, eccentric wheel A and bent axle 112 and is in transmission connection; Said slide block B 103 vertically is slidingly arranged in the wallboard outside, left side of frame 101 and is in transmission connection with bent axle 112 through connecting rod B, eccentric wheel B 106, and said slide block C110 vertically is slidingly arranged in the wallboard outside, right side of frame 101 and is in transmission connection through connecting rod C, eccentric wheel C113 and bent axle 112, and said frame 101 is provided with and said slide block A102, slide block B 103, the corresponding work top of slide block C110.Said eccentric wheel A, eccentric wheel B 106 and the eccentric wheel C113 angle that staggers each other is arranged on the said bent axle 112 (in the present embodiment, be benchmark with the eccentric wheel A, 15 ° in advance of eccentric wheel B 106, eccentric wheel C113 falls behind 15 °).Like this, bent axle 112 can drive three slide blocks and move up and down, and slide block A102 is a master slider; Slide block B 103, slide block C110 are secondary slide block; Realize that through three eccentric deflection angles are different the working time of three slide blocks staggers (in the present embodiment, slide block B 103, slide block A102, slide block C110 successively arrive lower dead center successively), guaranteed that fully the maximization of stability, reliability and the lathe energy of lathe rationally utilizes; The secondary slide block in both sides can when punching press, do upset flat, cut operation such as the end; Both reduce equipment cost (will realize originally that three process processing needed three forcing presses, forcing press of present embodiment can be realized the multiple operation pipelining now), dwindled the distance between equipment occupation space and the adjacent processing apparatus again; Thereby shortened feed distance, helped to enhance productivity.
Like Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, shown in Figure 8 be used for the feeding mechanical hand that self-feeding is implemented in forge hot, comprise left frame 202, the right frame 201 that is arranged in forcing press 1 and arranged on left and right sides and pass the left and right sides wallboard of forcing press and be crossed on left frame 202, the right frame 201 two jig arm 209 that pairing is mutually used; Following planker 203 is arranged on the right frame 201 and by the servomotor A205 that is installed on the right frame 201 through the guide rail horizontal slip and drives move left and right through the screw mandrel transmission, and last planker 204 vertically is slidingly arranged in down on the planker 203 and by cylinder (not shown on the figure) driving through guide pillar and moves up and down; Auxiliary planker 212 down horizontally slips through guide rail and is arranged on the left frame 202, and the auxiliary planker 211 of going up vertically is slidingly arranged on the auxiliary planker 212 down through guide pillar; The right-hand member of described two jig arm 209 is slidingly connected with last planker 204 front and back respectively (go up planker 204 be provided with guide rail) and relatively moves and close up or separate (in the present embodiment by being installed in servo motor B 207 drivings on the planker 204; Servo motor B 207 drives a screw mandrel and rotates; This screw mandrel is threaded with a jig arm through left hand thread; Be threaded with another jig arm through right-handed thread; Can relatively move synchronously like this and realize clamping or unclamp), the left end of described two jig arm 209 goes up that planker 211 front and back are slidingly connected and vertical direction relative fixed (auxiliary going up on the planker 211 is provided with guide rail) with auxiliary respectively; Be oppositely arranged on described two jig arm 209 and be provided with 4 pairs of jaws 210 that are used for the clamping blank, be provided with the cooling duct on every pair of jaw 210 and be used for realizing cooling, the cooling duct on the jaw is connected with pump with water tank on the frame through external pipe; Said going up on the planker 204 is equipped with hopper 206, and hopper 206 is between two jig arm 209, and the adjacent spacing of the 4 pairs of jaws 210 and hopper 204 equates; Said right frame 201 is put on the shelf and is provided with material returned baffle plate 208; Material returned baffle plate 208 right-hand members can insert hopper 206 bottoms (when hopper moves to left end) and from hopper 206, carry out a blank through the groove on it; Hopper 206 bottoms are for pulling and pushing plate structure, i.e. the backgauge plate is plugged in and stops blank to fall in the drawer of hopper bottom during not blanking, when material returned baffle plate inserts drawer, releases the backgauge plate; Blank falls in the groove on the material returned baffle plate; When material returned baffle plate withdrawed from hopper bottom drawer, blank was taken out of, and the backgauge plate resets under elastic component drives and stops next blank to fall.
Present embodiment has blanking station, first processing stations (it is flat to upset), second processing stations (hot-forging forming), the 3rd processing stations (cutting the end), five stations of blanking station when forge hot is used; The blank that first pair of jaw (rightmost) on manipulator 2 jig arm 209 is used to be implemented between blanking station and first processing stations (it is flat to upset) transports; The blank that the second pair of jaw is used to be implemented between first processing stations (it is flat to upset) and second processing stations (hot-forging forming) transports; The blank that the 3rd pair of jaw is used to be implemented between second processing stations (hot-forging forming) and the 3rd processing stations (cutting the end) transports, and the blank that the 4th pair of jaw is used to be implemented between the 3rd processing stations (cutting the end) and the blanking station transports.Workflow is following:
1) jig arm 209 with manipulator 2 is an original state at low order end, and the jig arm 209 of manipulator 2, last planker 204 and the auxiliary planker 211 of going up move up to top dead centre earlier, and two jig arm 209 of servo motor B 207 drivings are closed up into the material folding state again; This moment is at the blanking station, the blank on the first pair of jaw clamping material returned baffle plate 208; This moment is first processing stations (it is flat to upset), the blank below the secondary slide block C110 on second pair of jaw clamp pressure machine 1 right side; This moment is at second processing stations (hot-forging forming), the blank of the 3rd couple of jaw clamp pressure machine 1 master slider A102 below; This moment the 3rd processing stations (cutting the end), the blank of secondary slide block B 103 belows in the 4th pair of jaw clamp pressure machine 1 left side.
2) jig arm 209 of manipulator 2, last planker 204 and the auxiliary planker 211 of going up are moved to the left a station distance, and jig arm was opened and is the blowing state in 209 minutes; This moment, material returned baffle plate 208 carried out a blank from hopper 206 at the blanking station; This moment, first pair of jaw was placed on blank the secondary slide block C110 below on forcing press 1 right side first processing stations (it is flat to upset); This moment, second pair of jaw was placed on forcing press 1 master slider A102 below with blank at second processing stations (hot-forging forming); This moment, the 3rd pair of jaw was placed on blank secondary slide block B 103 belows in forcing press 1 left side the 3rd processing stations (cutting the end); This moment, the 4th pair of blank that jaw will machine dropped into the interior cooling of water tank (also can devices such as conveyer belt or slideway be set below the blanking station sees the blank that machines off) of left frame 202 at the blanking station.
3) jig arm 209 of manipulator 2, go up planker 204 and auxiliary and go up planker 211 and move right a station distance and descend again and reset, wait for that three stations on the forcing press 1 are accomplished processing after, implement next feeding flow process again.
The forcing press 1 of above-mentioned three stations is not limited to the hot-forging forming that is used in the foregoing description; Go for other multiple site punching processing technology (for example cold forging punching press) equally; Above-mentioned feeding mechanical hand 2 also is not limited to the five station feedings that are used in the foregoing description, can be used for other more multistation or less station feeding equally.The foregoing description only is one of preferred embodiments of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the foregoing description.

Claims (4)

1. a feeding mechanical hand that is used for the forge hot production line is characterized in that, comprises left frame (202), right frame (201) and is crossed on left frame (202), the right frame (201) two jig arm (209) that pairing is mutually used; Following planker (203) horizontal slip is arranged on right frame (201) and upward and by drive unit A drives move left and right, and last planker (204) vertically is slidingly arranged in down planker (203) and upward and by drive unit B driving moves up and down; Auxiliary planker (212) down horizontally slips and is arranged on the left frame (202), and the auxiliary planker (211) of going up vertically is slidingly arranged on the auxiliary planker (212) down; The right-hand member of described two jig arm (209) is slidingly connected and drives to relatively move and close up or separate by being installed in drive unit C on the planker (204) respectively with before and after the last planker (204), and the left end of described two jig arm (209) is slidingly connected with auxiliary upward planker (211) front and back respectively and in the vertical direction relative fixed; Be oppositely arranged on described two jig arm (209) and be provided with many jaws (210) being used for the clamping blank; Be provided with on described every pair of jaw (210) and be used to realize the cooling duct that cools, the cooling duct on the jaw is connected with cooling water system through external pipe; Said going up on the planker (204) is equipped with hopper (206); Hopper (206) is positioned between two jig arm (209); Said right frame (201) is put on the shelf and is provided with material returned baffle plate (208), and material returned baffle plate (208) right-hand member can insert hopper (206) bottom and be provided with the groove of placing blank at its right-hand member; It is described that many spacing between adjacent equates to jaw (210) and hopper (204).
2. a kind of feeding mechanical hand that is used for the forge hot production line according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; The drive unit A of said planker (203) down is for being installed in the servomotor A (205) on the right frame (201), and servomotor A (205) is in transmission connection through screw mandrel with following planker (203).
3. a kind of feeding mechanical hand that is used for the forge hot production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the said drive unit B that goes up planker (204) is the adjustable cylinder of stroke.
4. a kind of feeding mechanical hand that is used for the forge hot production line according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; The drive unit C of said jig arm (209) is servo motor B (207); Servo motor B (207) drives a screw mandrel and rotates, and this screw mandrel is threaded with a jig arm through left hand thread, is threaded with another jig arm through right-handed thread.
CN201210056257XA 2012-03-06 2012-03-06 Feeding manipulator used for hot forging production line Pending CN102581197A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201210056257XA CN102581197A (en) 2012-03-06 2012-03-06 Feeding manipulator used for hot forging production line

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210056257XA CN102581197A (en) 2012-03-06 2012-03-06 Feeding manipulator used for hot forging production line

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103464671A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 凌云工业股份有限公司 Die forging tablet gripping device
CN104439014A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 东莞市辉科自动化科技有限公司 Full automatic fastener forging and pressing manipulator production line
CN104550626A (en) * 2013-10-25 2015-04-29 谢兆宗 Mechanical arm for die forging hydraulic press and die forging method using mechanical arm
CN104841845A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-19 芜湖陀曼精机科技有限公司 Grabbing manipulator for high-temperature workpieces
CN104842350A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-19 芜湖陀曼精机科技有限公司 Workpiece griping manipulator for high-temperature operation

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US4012937A (en) * 1975-04-05 1977-03-22 Aida Engineering Ltd. Work transfer and drive device in a transfer press
SU897349A1 (en) * 1979-07-06 1982-01-15 Предприятие П/Я А-1090 Grab-type feeding mechanism to multiposition press
CN2873417Y (en) * 2005-11-11 2007-02-28 上海日发数字化系统有限公司 Synchronous screw and its feeding mechanism
CN201055892Y (en) * 2007-06-13 2008-05-07 田天民 Three-station automatic production device for bearing keeper
CN201205706Y (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-03-11 江苏省徐州锻压机床厂集团有限公司 Workpiece carrying mechanism used on multi-station pressing machine
CN201320584Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-10-07 深圳华特容器股份有限公司 Multi-station automatic feeding device of punch press
CN201483488U (en) * 2009-09-10 2010-05-26 高尔荣 Transmission manipulator
CN101829737A (en) * 2010-05-20 2010-09-15 济南二机床集团有限公司 Feeding device and feeding method thereof
CN102173097A (en) * 2011-02-12 2011-09-07 中国农业大学 Multi-station automatic feeding method and device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4012937A (en) * 1975-04-05 1977-03-22 Aida Engineering Ltd. Work transfer and drive device in a transfer press
SU897349A1 (en) * 1979-07-06 1982-01-15 Предприятие П/Я А-1090 Grab-type feeding mechanism to multiposition press
CN2873417Y (en) * 2005-11-11 2007-02-28 上海日发数字化系统有限公司 Synchronous screw and its feeding mechanism
CN201055892Y (en) * 2007-06-13 2008-05-07 田天民 Three-station automatic production device for bearing keeper
CN201205706Y (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-03-11 江苏省徐州锻压机床厂集团有限公司 Workpiece carrying mechanism used on multi-station pressing machine
CN201320584Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-10-07 深圳华特容器股份有限公司 Multi-station automatic feeding device of punch press
CN201483488U (en) * 2009-09-10 2010-05-26 高尔荣 Transmission manipulator
CN101829737A (en) * 2010-05-20 2010-09-15 济南二机床集团有限公司 Feeding device and feeding method thereof
CN102173097A (en) * 2011-02-12 2011-09-07 中国农业大学 Multi-station automatic feeding method and device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103464671A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 凌云工业股份有限公司 Die forging tablet gripping device
CN103464671B (en) * 2013-09-02 2016-02-17 凌云工业股份有限公司 A kind of die forging tablet grabbing device
CN104550626B (en) * 2013-10-25 2017-12-15 谢兆宗 Mechanical arm for stamp forging hydraulic press and the die forging method using mechanical arm
CN104550626A (en) * 2013-10-25 2015-04-29 谢兆宗 Mechanical arm for die forging hydraulic press and die forging method using mechanical arm
CN104439014B (en) * 2014-11-14 2016-10-19 东莞市辉科自动化科技有限公司 Full-automatic fastener metal forming machinery hands production line
CN104439014A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 东莞市辉科自动化科技有限公司 Full automatic fastener forging and pressing manipulator production line
CN104841845A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-19 芜湖陀曼精机科技有限公司 Grabbing manipulator for high-temperature workpieces
CN104842350A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-19 芜湖陀曼精机科技有限公司 Workpiece griping manipulator for high-temperature operation

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