CN102580982A - Treatment method for recycling garbage - Google Patents

Treatment method for recycling garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102580982A
CN102580982A CN2012100423986A CN201210042398A CN102580982A CN 102580982 A CN102580982 A CN 102580982A CN 2012100423986 A CN2012100423986 A CN 2012100423986A CN 201210042398 A CN201210042398 A CN 201210042398A CN 102580982 A CN102580982 A CN 102580982A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
processing
waste residue
pipeline
methane
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012100423986A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王文峻
Original Assignee
王文峻
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王文峻 filed Critical 王文峻
Priority to CN2012100423986A priority Critical patent/CN102580982A/en
Publication of CN102580982A publication Critical patent/CN102580982A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a treatment method for recycling garbage, comprising technological processes of preprocessing, screening, processing waste water and waste residues, drying, splitting decomposition and recycling of the waste water and the waste residues, etc.. The method of the invention smartly utilizes the recycling of biogas slurry to improve the anaerobic density and shorten the fermentation time of organic matters, and provides excellent soil and excellent fertilizer for vegetables by the fermentation of a methane pond so as to change a waste treatment plant into a nuisanceless vegetable base.

Description

A kind of processing method of recycle rubbish

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of processing method of recycle rubbish, particularly relate to the circulatory disposal of garage method of a kind of garbage utilization rate height and non-secondary pollution.

Background technology

The Along with people's growth in the living standard produces more rubbish in producing, living.If deal with improperly, to our environment, to our mankind, and our earth of depending on for existence, very harmful.But the recovery of rubbish with utilize cost quite high.According to the whole nation and even global, existing trash processing way roughly has landfill, burning, wriggling and methanation, and these processing modes had not both met yet science not of the natural law.

Relatively more current at present way is to concentrate landfill to burn with concentrating.Landfill causes the pollution of environment easily, as: because the excessive rubbish of landfill has caused surperficial water source and underground water source to go up century-old water pollution decades, even also have the residue perpetuity.This scheme disadvantage should not be used too much.Burning is reasonable processing mode, but owing to receive equipment, the restriction that the construction fund is expensive, slower development, current is main to concentrate landfill still.And the rubbish of different material under field conditions (factors), and the situation of rotting is different, and through after pulverizing, the rotten of rubbish will become easier, and is faster.And existing garbage pulverator mainly is to be used for the garbage disposal plant, can not reach not have for the second time to pollute, and utilization rate is not high, and economic worth is low.The wriggling method is more serious to air pollution, and the inanimate matter in the rubbish also can't be handled, and also needs landfill.Methanation can only be eliminated organic matter and the certain organic fiber in the rubbish.Some processing schemes are high in technological content in addition, investment is big, recovery value is low, also have secondary pollution equally, fail to tackle the problem at its root, and therefore can not get good development.

Original and the single-item handling mostly of above-mentioned processing mode fail to reach non-secondary pollution, and utilization rate is not high, and economic benefit is low.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency in the background technology; Provide a kind of scientific and technological content to be easy to accept; Recovery utilization rate is up to the processing method of the recycle rubbish of a hundred per cent and non-secondary pollution, and the method is recycled garbage energy, fundamentally turns waste into wealth.

The concrete technical scheme of the processing method of a kind of recycle rubbish according to the invention is:

(1). preliminary treatment: rubbish is put into garbage disposer carry out break process, be crushed to block or granular and suspension that size is no more than 1 centimetre;

(2). screening: the rubbish after the fragmentation is screened by organic class or inanimate matter class, organic matter type rubbish is delivered in the combustible decomposer handles, inanimate matter class rubbish such as irony are carried out go-no-go also utilize

(3). the processing of waste water and waste residue: rubbish is organic matter, sewage and waste residue through the combustible destroyer breaks down, is delivered to organic and sewage through pipeline and stores fermentation in the methane-generating pit, and the waste residue to remnants carries out processed simultaneously;

(4). drying: the combustible waste residue after will dewatering is delivered to heating, high-temperature sterilization in the drying equipment, the water vapour of discharging in further simultaneously collection and this dry run of purified treatment and other effumability gas of back that is heated;

(5). cracking: dried combustible waste residue utilization high-temperature low-oxygen decomposition method is carried out heat energy conversion, collect carbon monoxide and other imflammable gas, then the cracking reaction residue is discharged, the raw material that can be the artificial carbon utilizes once more;

(6). the waste water after will fermenting, waste residue are transported to excessive manure pit, can supply the vegetables base to use.

In order better to realize the present invention, said methane-generating pit is three, connects through pipeline respectively between three methane-generating pits.

Further, said methane-generating pit top is connected with biogas pipeline, and the below is connected with natural pond slag pipeline.

Further, said garbage disposer is communicated with excessive manure pit and vegetables base through biogas slurry pipeline.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:

With simple and effective hard and soft, speed, instead utilize moisture class organic matter and inanimate matter along combining to come broken rubbish, eliminated dust, suppressed spreading of foul smell.

2. the ingenious recycle that utilizes natural pond liquid improves anaerobism density, has shortened organic fermentation time.

3. poisonous or have the flammable thing of pollution under the low-oxygen high-temperature environment, to carry out molecular breakdown cleverly all.Decompose fully burning of back, nonstaining property gas is discharged, and strictness is followed natural circulation law and is reduced to carbon dioxide, soil, water and carbon.

4. the mode through the methane-generating pit fermentation is that vegetables provide the soil of high-quality and the fertilizer of high-quality, has become non-harmful vegetables base to destructor plant.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a process chart of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

To combine accompanying drawing that the present invention is described further below.

Consult Fig. 1, a kind of concrete technical scheme of processing method of recycle rubbish is:

(1). preliminary treatment: rubbish is put into garbage disposer carry out break process, be crushed to block or granular and suspension that size is no more than 1 centimetre;

(2). screening: the rubbish after the fragmentation is screened by organic class or inanimate matter class, organic matter type rubbish is delivered in the combustible decomposer handles, inanimate matter class rubbish such as irony are carried out go-no-go also utilize

(3). the processing of waste water and waste residue: rubbish is organic matter, sewage and waste residue through the combustible destroyer breaks down, is delivered to organic and sewage through pipeline and stores fermentation in the methane-generating pit, and the waste residue to remnants carries out processed simultaneously;

(4). drying: the combustible waste residue after will dewatering is delivered to heating, high-temperature sterilization in the drying equipment, the water vapour of discharging in further simultaneously collection and this dry run of purified treatment and other effumability gas of back that is heated;

(5). cracking: dried combustible waste residue utilization high-temperature low-oxygen decomposition method is carried out heat energy conversion, collect carbon monoxide and other imflammable gas, then the cracking reaction residue is discharged, the raw material that can be the artificial carbon utilizes once more;

(6). the waste water after will fermenting, waste residue are transported to excessive manure pit, can supply the vegetables base to use.

In order better to realize the present invention, said methane-generating pit is three, connects through pipeline respectively between three methane-generating pits.

Further, said methane-generating pit top is connected with biogas pipeline, and the below is connected with natural pond slag pipeline.

Further, said garbage disposer is communicated with excessive manure pit and vegetables base through biogas slurry pipeline.

Although the processing method of the disclosed a kind of recycle rubbish that relates to has been carried out special description with reference to embodiment; The embodiment that more than describes is illustrative rather than restrictive; Without departing from the present invention, all variations and modification are all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the processing method of a recycle rubbish is characterized in that: comprise following step:
(1). preliminary treatment: rubbish is put into garbage disposer carry out break process, be crushed to bulk, granular or suspension that size is no more than 1 centimetre;
(2). screening: adopt hydrometer method to be divided into machine matter class in the rubbish after the fragmentation, organic matter type rubbish is delivered in the combustible separator handles, inanimate matter class rubbish such as irony are carried out also utilization of go-no-go with the inanimate matter class is screened;
(3). the processing of waste water and waste residue: rubbish is organic matter, sewage and waste residue through the combustible separator separates, is delivered to organic and sewage through pipeline and stores fermentation in the methane-generating pit, and the waste residue to remnants carries out processed simultaneously;
(4). drying: the combustible waste residue after will dewatering is delivered to heating, high-temperature sterilization in the drying equipment, the water vapour of discharging in further simultaneously collection and this dry run of purified treatment and other effumability gas of back that is heated;
(5). cracking: dried combustible waste residue utilization high-temperature low-oxygen decomposition method is carried out heat energy conversion, collect carbon monoxide and other imflammable gas, then the cracking reaction residue is discharged, the raw material that can be the artificial carbon utilizes once more;
(6). the waste water after will fermenting, waste residue are transported to excessive manure pit, can supply the vegetables base to use.
2. the processing method of a kind of recycle rubbish according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said methane-generating pit is three, connects through pipeline respectively between three methane-generating pits.
3. the processing method of a kind of recycle rubbish according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said methane-generating pit top is connected with biogas pipeline, and the below is connected with natural pond slag pipeline.
4. the processing method of a kind of recycle rubbish according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said garbage disposer is communicated with excessive manure pit and vegetables base through biogas slurry pipeline.
CN2012100423986A 2012-02-15 2012-02-15 Treatment method for recycling garbage CN102580982A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2012100423986A CN102580982A (en) 2012-02-15 2012-02-15 Treatment method for recycling garbage

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015062458A1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-05-07 密西西比国际水务有限公司 Waste treatment method and apparatus for solid/liquid separation and organic/inorganic material separation

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998017410A1 (en) * 1996-10-21 1998-04-30 Herhof Umwelttechnik Gmbh Method for separating a mixture of residual wastes
JP2004089858A (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-03-25 Ebara Corp Organic waste processing method and apparatus
CN101618392A (en) * 2009-03-02 2010-01-06 深圳市埃玛特实业有限公司 Technological method of comprehensive utilization of separation and pyrolysis treatment of garbage
CN101829667A (en) * 2010-05-10 2010-09-15 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Novel treating method of resource recycling of wastes
JP2010227779A (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-10-14 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Recycling treatment system of urban waste
CN101879518A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-11-10 张锦明 Pollution-free synthetic treatment method for garbage in village and town
JP2011083761A (en) * 2009-10-19 2011-04-28 Nagasaki Institute Of Applied Science Methane fermentation treatment method of organic waste
CN102327888A (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-01-25 严大春 Municipal domestic waste resource recovery processing method with zero pollution, zero release and harmlessness

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998017410A1 (en) * 1996-10-21 1998-04-30 Herhof Umwelttechnik Gmbh Method for separating a mixture of residual wastes
JP2004089858A (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-03-25 Ebara Corp Organic waste processing method and apparatus
CN101618392A (en) * 2009-03-02 2010-01-06 深圳市埃玛特实业有限公司 Technological method of comprehensive utilization of separation and pyrolysis treatment of garbage
JP2010227779A (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-10-14 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Recycling treatment system of urban waste
JP2011083761A (en) * 2009-10-19 2011-04-28 Nagasaki Institute Of Applied Science Methane fermentation treatment method of organic waste
CN101829667A (en) * 2010-05-10 2010-09-15 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Novel treating method of resource recycling of wastes
CN101879518A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-11-10 张锦明 Pollution-free synthetic treatment method for garbage in village and town
CN102327888A (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-01-25 严大春 Municipal domestic waste resource recovery processing method with zero pollution, zero release and harmlessness

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015062458A1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-05-07 密西西比国际水务有限公司 Waste treatment method and apparatus for solid/liquid separation and organic/inorganic material separation
US10071404B2 (en) 2013-10-29 2018-09-11 Mississippi International Water Inc. Refuse treatment method and apparatus for separating solid and liquid and separating organics and inorganics

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Application publication date: 20120718

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