CN102577813B - High-efficiency interplanting method of windpipe trachea and honeysuckle - Google Patents

High-efficiency interplanting method of windpipe trachea and honeysuckle Download PDF

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CN102577813B
CN102577813B CN 201210061529 CN201210061529A CN102577813B CN 102577813 B CN102577813 B CN 102577813B CN 201210061529 CN201210061529 CN 201210061529 CN 201210061529 A CN201210061529 A CN 201210061529A CN 102577813 B CN102577813 B CN 102577813B
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honeysuckle
paris polyphylla
planting
management
insect
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CN102577813A (en
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唐忠海
向华
李兰岚
黄美娥
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Hunan Heng Heng Chinese Herbal Pieces Co., Ltd.
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CHANGSHA XIANGZI BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a high-efficiency cultivation method for interplanting windpipe trachea and honeysuckle. The method comprises the steps of: interplanting windpipe trachea under honeysuckle and other medicinal herbs, covering windpipe trachea with aged animal manure grass, managing by fertilization, weeding, pest killing and other working procedures, and harvesting after planting for about five years. By adopting the production method, two medicinal herbs are produced on one land, the double-cropping index is increased, the labor cost is saved, the production cost is reduced, the output is increased, and the economic benefits are increased twice.

Description

A kind of paris polyphylla and honeysuckle are efficiently overlapped cultivating method
Affiliated technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of paris polyphylla and honeysuckle efficiently be overlapped cultivating method, belong to modern Chinese herbal medicine cultivation technology field.
Background technology
Honeysuckle has another name called honeysuckle, is the Caprifoliaceae bejuco, plants Latin Lonicera Japonica by name.Be a kind of sun plant, its medicinal part is dry flower, and " honeysuckle " come from Compendium of Material Medica, because FLOSLONICERAE is just opened and is white, after transfer yellow to, honeysuckle hence obtains one's name.The medicinal material honeysuckle is Caprifoliaceae woodbine honeysuckle and congener dry flower or the first flower of opening of band.Honeysuckle is described as clearing heat and detoxicating good medicine from ancient times.The sweet cold air of its property fragrance, clear heat with drugs of sweet flavour and cold nature and not injuring one's stomach, fragrance thoroughly reaches and can be eliminating evil.Honeysuckle can dispelling wind-heat, and also kind removing summer-heat blood poison, be used for various febrile diseases, and as body heat, dermexanthesis, send out the cards such as spot, hot carbuncle carbuncle, abscess of throat, equal effect is remarkable.
Honeysuckle is large traditional Chinese medicine commonly used, and purposes is wide, value is high.All parts of the country all can be cultivated.But because growth cycle is long, benefit is not obvious in a short time, so know that the plantation honeysuckle is profitable perfectly well, can get rich, but hangs back.Now according to the growth characteristics of honeysuckle, take to expand scale, the modernization development that row contracting strain, rational close planting, the cloudy happiness of happiness this world cover medicinal material interplant as honeysuckle effective way is provided.
Paris polyphylla, have another name called schefflera arboricola, be liliaceous plant, planting Latin Parispolyphylla Smith by name, is a kind of ombrophyte, and its medicinal part is dry rhizome, at China's medicinal history of existing more than 2000 year, being recorded in China's each edition pharmacopeia, is to use simply conventional Chinese medicine very general, that curative effect is conclusive, is applied in the formula of many medicines and Chinese patent drug production.
Paris polyphylla is perennial herb, and biomass is little, and under wild condition, reproduction coefficient is lower, to having relatively high expectations of habitat, distribution has certain region, mainly be distributed in bestow favour, the area such as Zhangjiajie, Yichang, Yun county sun, Xiangyang, Huang gang, Xianning, high 50-100 centimetre.Root-like stock is sturdy, and is coniform or cylindric, slightly can reach 3 centimetres, the most ring-type tubercles of tool, sepia, the most fibrous roots of tool.Stem is upright, and is cylindrical, branch not, and base portion often is with purple.Leaf 7-10 sheet, wheel are born in stem and are pushed up, Long Circle, ellipse or the shape of falling ovum lanceolar, and long 7-15 centimetre, wide 2.5-5 centimetre, the anxious point of tip or wash rice point, base portion is circular, rare wedge shape, full edge, nothing hair; Usually be with the purple look for the long 2-5 of petiole centimetre.Hua Dan is born in stem and pushes up, in verticillate blade upper end; The long 5-16 of bennet (30) centimetre; Foreign steamer tepal (sepal) 4-6, shape is large, like lobate, ellipticity lanceolar or ovum shape lanceolar, green, long 3.5-8 centimetre, the interior tepal (petal) of taking turns is degenerated and is wire, and tip is often gradually sharp, and is isometric or be longer than 2 times of sepals; Stamen 8-12 piece, filigree and flower pesticide are closely isometric, the long 0.5-1 of connective ledge (2) millimeter; Ovary is coniform, and the 5-6 rib is arranged; The style tubbiness, 4-6 piece, purple, capsule is subsphaeroidal, and the 3-6 lobe splits.Seed is most.The florescence 7-8 month, the fruit phase 9-10 month.
Paris polyphylla is mainly used in the aspects such as traumatic injury, snake bite, popular rib adenositis, tonsillitis, throat are swollenly educated, tympanitis, Japanese Type-B encephalitis, cruchet's disease, has the effects such as anticancer, the swelling and pain relieving of relieving internal heat, heat-clearing arresting convulsion, antitussive and antiasthmatic.Annual requirement is more than 1,000 ton.Demand constantly increases in recent years, and measures excessively excavating of causing under annual production progressively; The paris polyphylla growth rate needs the plantation of five years slowly, and the wild resource breeding is slow, and mainly with paris polyphylla seed and Propagation of Rhizomes, planting scale and cultivated area are little, cause paris polyphylla output to be close to exhaustion.Show after national resources of natural crude drugs generaI investigation according to relevant department, wild paris polyphylla output is the gesture of decline year by year.Yet the market demand of paris polyphylla strengthens year by year, and paris polyphylla commodity domestic markets exchange hand surpassed 700 tons in 2006, increases by 28% than sales volume in 2005.Price in 2007 is 90 yuan~100 yuan/kg, rises to 170 yuan~180 yuan/kg in 2009, rises to 310 yuan~340 yuan/kg in 2011,
Publication number be CN101189943 Introduction To Cn Patent the seminal propagation fast breeding method of a kind of paris polyphylla, the method discloses the seminal propagation fast breeding method of Liliaceae Paris (Paris) plant paris polyphylla, it is at annual 10-11 month picking fruit, be placed in the environment of 5 ℃ ± 1 ℃ at once, place and take out seed after one month, rub with the hands and go red arillus, clean, repeatedly be placed in temperature 20-22 ℃ and 5 ℃ ± 1 ℃ each secondary of environment, then sow.Adopt the artificial environment simulating natural environment to form simulated ecological, impel paris polyphylla seed afterripening, embryo after-ripening and remove the epicotyl dormancy, reach the purpose of normal seed germination, the whole cycle of seed germination only needs approximately 270 days like this, has shortened the paris polyphylla seed sprouting cycle.But planting scale and cost that the selected seminal propagation of the method is cultivated are restricted, and are difficult to this technology of large-scale promotion.
Publication number be CN101785384A Introduction To Cn Patent the breeding method of a kind of paris polyphylla, the breeding method of a kind of paris polyphylla is disclosed, comprise: selecting paris polyphylla root fresh goods to be cut into length is 2.5cm, after shining in the sun 2-3 hour, be placed on and tame the training seedling in outdoor soil, ditching training seedling, ditch depth 18cm, put successively in ditch shining good root interval 4cm, then cover on soil with straw again covering soil, training is watered water one week one time between seedling stage, irrigates, and germinates to the high 5-10cm transplanting of bud.This method reproductive survival rate is high, and the kind resources requirement is little.But the method planting scale and cost are restricted, and also are difficult to this technology of large-scale promotion.
Publication number be CN102144553A Introduction To Cn Patent the method for quickly breeding of a kind of paris polyphylla, the quick propagating technology of a kind of paris polyphylla.The method is to cultivate the tissues such as rhizome section of paris polyphylla on the MS medium, the rhizome section of definitely getting with 1-2 bud is explant, after sterilization, be seeded in the MS+6-BA0.5mg/L+NAA0.4mg/L medium and cultivate, the sprouting of 6-8 days left and right sprouts after inoculation forms the seedling with leaf about 10 days, seedling is downcut transfer on the MS+6-BA1.5mg/L+IAA0.4mg/L medium, increase progressively at a high speed keeping, growth coefficient is more than 5.Select MS+6-BA1.5mg/L+IAA0.4mg/L+NAA0.5mg/L as root media, rooting rate reaches more than 90%, and only needs formed whole plant in about 25 days.The test-tube plantlet transfer is noted the water conservation moisturizing in sandy soil, transfer is after 1 month, and the transfer survival rate reaches more than 90%, has set up a cover high frequency stable regeneration system.The inventive method has to be stablized, and easy and simple to handle, reproduction speed is fast, and production cost is low, reaches the advantages such as industrialization level.Adopt this method can make paris polyphylla form planting scale, but its implantation time is long, the peasant economy benefit can not get effective raising, also is difficult to this technology of large-scale promotion.
Although artificial planting has been carried out to paris polyphylla in various places, but output does not increase always, benefit is low, cause the cultivation scale development of paris polyphylla slow, be mainly because: the one, also there is no at present ripe paris polyphylla production technology, the paris polyphylla happiness is cloudy, fearness is arid, the fear high light, and seedling or extremely seedling easily occur under direct sunlight or drought condition, therefore is grown in the place, cool place that high-stem plant covers more; Its anti-the moon, happiness fertilizer, cold-resistant, at the plentiful local well-grown of rich water, rhizome is large.The planting technology that most adopts can't reach the required ecosystem environment of paris polyphylla well-grown, exposed plantation direct sunlight, and temperature is high, the morning of falling the seedling, reduction in the life period, the root growth amount is little, can't reach high yield, adopt the scaffolding planting cost high, reduce economic benefit; The 2nd, the peasant disperses plantation, small scale, the medicinal herb grower can't grasp require rule and the regulate and control method of the factors such as growing environment, temperature, illumination, moisture, soil, fertilizer the paris polyphylla growth and development process, can't satisfy the specification requirement of high-yield high-efficiency cultivation, cause planting technology to be difficult to reach a standard, yield poorly down, restricted paris polyphylla production; The 3rd, the artificial planting of present paris polyphylla adopts Propagation of Rhizomes mostly, and seed costs is high; The 4th, the plantation of paris polyphylla single variety, the harm of the damage by disease and insect such as stalk break, damping off, chafer is very large, causes damage by disease and insect harm serious; The 5th, the recruitment expenses such as paris polyphylla plantation, water and fertilizer management, processing are high, and plantation is lost more than gain, and causes direct economic benefit very low.
In sum, it is still immature that the cover of paris polyphylla and honeysuckle is planted technology at present, but also be not applicable to the method for large-scale production, do not solve fundamentally that paris polyphylla vegetative period is short, the root growth phase is short, yield poorly, the results difficulty is large, the recruitment cost is high, the serious guardian technique that waits of damage by disease and insect harm.Do not reach reasonably combined, managerial coordination and the complementation on fertilizer, water, sunlight demand of two kinds of medicinal material kinds.
Summary of the invention
The technical solution used in the present invention comprises: the selection of planting soil, the requirement of whole ground, the selection requirement of traditional Chinese medicine honeysuckle kind, the planting season of traditional Chinese medicine honeysuckle and planting density, the transplanting method of paris polyphylla, the selecting and fertilizing method of fertilizer, the control of damage by disease and insect, water management, results, paris polyphylla is repeated implantation methods.
Therefore, the invention provides the efficient cover cultivating method of a kind of paris polyphylla and honeysuckle, step comprises:
(1) selection of soil: moistening fertile, preserve moisture and fertility power is strong, quality is loose, substantially be neutral sand loam or garden mould, front stubble can be gramineous plants and crucifer, front stubble can not be plant of Solanaceae;
(2) wholely: first plough deeply 150cm a year winter, 150cm opens the railway carriage or compartment, and the surface is whole carefully rakes;
(3) selection of interplanting paris polyphylla medicinal material kind: tree-like honeysuckle height is at 50~100cm, and the rate of sheltering from heat or light is 70~90%, basic same period of vegetative period and paris polyphylla or be longer than the paris polyphylla honeysuckle kind in vegetative period;
(4) plantation of traditional Chinese medicine honeysuckle: plant according to 90% kind of this honeysuckle plant field planting amount, spacing in the rows is consistent with field production, line-spacing is wider by 10% than field production, to ensure that the paris polyphylla growth is to the requirement of sunlight, succeeding planting, sowing season carry the previous year than paris polyphylla planting season;
(5) method of transplanting seedlings of paris polyphylla: when the honeysuckle growing height reaches the 50cm left and right, apply the cake fertilizer (cake-shaped rape seed dregs: tea oil residule 3: 1 or 2: 1 that crosses through composting, admix the pre-insect-pest of the withered energy of tea) mix farmyard manure (through composting or burnt, to kill weed seed, worm's ovum and germ), every mu applies 1000~2000kg and (contains the cake fertilizer 150~200kg) that became thoroughly decomposed, slowly water permeable.In the ranks and open the dark flat ditch of 5cm between strain, choosing height is at the stalwartness of the 0.5~1.0cm group training seedling without damage by disease and insect, honeysuckle in the ranks and between strain by the mutual transplanting triangular in shape of 5~7cm distance, apart from not transplanting seedlings in honeysuckle radius 15cm, be convenient to the management of honeysuckle, every mu with about seedling 3000 strains;
(6) weeding and fertilising: the management of joining gold honeysuckle flower and paris polyphylla, see that grass just pulls out, the interval certain hour is used the required fertilizer of medicinal material;
(7) extermination of disease and insect pest: the extermination of disease and insect pest of joining gold honeysuckle flower suitably sprays the agricultural chemicals of low toxicity, low-residual.If find that the paris polyphylla virus disease occurs, and, perhaps extracts diseased plant with 5% octicin solution aqua in sick cave; If find that chafer endangers with 800~1000 times of liquid of 90% crystallization chlorophos, spray in every 5~7 days 1 time connects and sprays 2~3 times;
(8) rich water quality management: every mu applies 1: 3 people and animals' liquid dung 1000~1500kg, and every minor tick is about 30 days.Enter rainy season May, timely ditch cleaning draining, as prolonged drought, should in time water, and the place that condition is good can pour into water encloses in ditch, after permeable 1 evening (evening 6 to point on next day 8), water discharged, and the depth of water is to be advisable lower than railway carriage or compartment face 5cm.Honeysuckle can be applied fertilizer together during fertilising, operate easylier, reduce recruitment;
(9) management in paris polyphylla vegetative period next year: late March~early April, paris polyphylla emerges again, Miao Qihou, and every mu applies 1: 3 people and animals' liquid dung 1000kg, and every minor tick was removed weeds about 30 days;
(10) management in inferior Flos Lonicerae vegetative period: namely chase after after annual first batch of flower gathered and spray 1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 1% urea 200kg, every minor tick is about 10 days;
(11) paris polyphylla results: the paris polyphylla through cultivation in about 5 years can be gathered in, and falls October after seedling, excavates when stem is withered on the ground, cutting-out has the piece root of bud bud to be used as to plant, remainder is cleaned earth, removes fibrous root, and section is dried or dried and is used as medicine;
(12) results of honeysuckle: in time gather in the crops, sell the season according to the honeysuckle results;
(13) implantation methods again of paris polyphylla: carry out whole ground by the step poly-(2), apply the cake fertilizer (cake-shaped rape seed dregs: tea oil residule 3: 1 or 2: 1 that crosses through composting, admix the pre-insect-pest of the withered energy of tea) mix farmyard manure (through composting or burnt, to kill weed seed, worm's ovum and germ), every mu applies 1000~2000kg and (contains the cake fertilizer 150~200kg) that became thoroughly decomposed, slowly water permeable.In the ranks and open the dark flat ditch of 5cm between strain, choosing height is at the stalwartness of the 0.5~1.0cm band bud bud piece root without damage by disease and insect, honeysuckle in the ranks and between strain by 5~7cm distance mutual pendulum kind triangular in shape, apart from dead beat kind in honeysuckle radius 15cm, be convenient to the management of honeysuckle, every mu with planting about 3000 piece roots;
(14) by poly-(6), (7) of step, (8), (9), (10), paris polyphylla is managed the results paris polyphylla.
In one embodiment, the interplanting medicinal material is paris polyphylla.
In another embodiment, the seed that described in the step poly-13, paris polyphylla is broadcast can be selected the band bud bud piece root that downcuts the previous year.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1, cost of the present invention reduces greatly, and remarkable benefit improves;
(1) reduced management cost, two kinds of medicinal materials are completed in same hypervisor, do not increase the management recruitment; Increased the economic benefit of unit are, gathered in the crops simultaneously two kinds of economic medicinal materials in same plot, same management process;
(2) rich water resource-sharing: saved fertilizer and water;
(3) high yield saving of labor: owing to adopting the domestic animal getting fat, promote the growth of rhizome and expand, reducing the generation of underground damage by disease and insect, having reduced the usage amount of agricultural chemicals.
2, once plantation can be gathered in the crops honeysuckle for many years.
3, honeysuckle can be sheltered from heat or light for paris polyphylla well, and preserve moisture and fertility is for the paris polyphylla growth provides good growing environment, this environment substantially to simulate the ecosystem excellent environment of paris polyphylla.
4, honeysuckle is that paris polyphylla is kept out the wind, and can improve the paris polyphylla kernel maturing, can avoid wind to cause greatly and cause the lack of water phenomenon in the seed maturity process.
Of the present invention is common honeysuckle, and promotional value is large, can be used as the mode method that paris polyphylla produces.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: growth result figure after honeysuckle plantation First Year
Fig. 2: the design sketch of blooming after honeysuckle plantation Second Year
Fig. 3: honeysuckle and paris polyphylla interplanting growth result figure
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, further illustrate essentiality content of the present invention with embodiment of the present invention, but do not limit the present invention with this.
Embodiment 1:
On request behind selection of land and whole ground, select suitable local cultivation and market tree-like honeysuckle kind preferably in early March, according to line-spacing 150cm, spacing in the rows 150cm cave cultivation seedling, plant honeysuckle 200-250 strain for every mu, often spread manuer in holes into the soil of admixing Chemical Mixed Fertilizer and cake fertilizer assorted (every mu of cake fertilizer 120kg (and the dish cake: tea cake=3: 1), Chemical Mixed Fertilizer 100kg) fertile 500g makes base manure, every mu applies base manure 1500kg.
When the honeysuckle growing height reaches the 50cm left and right, apply the cake fertilizer (cake-shaped rape seed dregs: tea oil residule 3: 1 or 2: 1 that crosses through composting, admix the pre-insect-pest of the withered energy of tea) mix farmyard manure (through composting or burnt, to kill weed seed, worm's ovum and germ), every mu applies 1000~2000kg and (contains the cake fertilizer 150~200kg) that became thoroughly decomposed, slowly water permeable.In the ranks and open the dark flat ditch of 5cm between strain, choosing height is at the stalwartness of the 0.5~1.0cm group training seedling without damage by disease and insect, honeysuckle in the ranks and between strain by the mutual transplanting triangular in shape of 5~7cm distance, apart from not transplanting seedlings in honeysuckle radius 15cm, be convenient to the management of honeysuckle, every mu with about seedling 3000 strains.
Weeding and fertilising: the management of joining gold honeysuckle flower and paris polyphylla, see that grass just pulls out, the interval certain hour is used the required fertilizer of medicinal material.
The extermination of disease and insect pest: when finding the paris polyphylla virus disease, pull out diseased plant,, perhaps diseased plant is extracted with 5% octicin solution aqua in sick cave; If find that chafer endangers with 800~1000 times of liquid of 90% crystallization chlorophos, spray in every 5~7 days 1 time connects and sprays 2~3 times;
Rich water quality management: every mu applies 1: 3 people and animals' liquid dung 1000~1500kg, and every minor tick is about 30 days.Enter rainy season May, timely ditch cleaning draining, and should in time water during heat and drought condition late May to July, and because of long-time arid, filling is enclosed in 6 of evenings on the 6.20th, 6.28,7.16 to 8 diversions on next day.
The management in paris polyphylla vegetative period next year: late March~early April, paris polyphylla emerges again, Miao Qihou, and every mu applies 1: 3 people and animals' liquid dung 1000kg, and every minor tick was removed weeds about 30 days;
The management in inferior Flos Lonicerae vegetative period: namely chase after after annual first batch of flower gathered and spray 1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 1% urea 200kg, every minor tick is about 10 days;
Paris polyphylla results:, excavate when stem is withered on the ground after falling seedling October through the paris polyphylla of cultivation in about 5 years, downcut the piece root that the bud bud is arranged and is used as kind, remainder is cleaned earth, removes fibrous root, cuts into slices to dry or dry to be used as medicine;
The results of honeysuckle: late May begins the honeysuckle of gathering, and gathers by stages, sells according to market demands.
The implantation methods again of paris polyphylla: carry out whole ground by the step poly-(2), apply the cake fertilizer (cake-shaped rape seed dregs: tea oil residule 3: 1 or 2: 1 that crosses through composting, admix the pre-insect-pest of the withered energy of tea) mix farmyard manure (through composting or burnt, to kill weed seed, worm's ovum and germ), every mu applies 1000~2000kg and (contains the cake fertilizer 150~200kg) that became thoroughly decomposed, slowly water permeable.In the ranks and open the dark flat ditch of 5cm between strain, choosing height is at the stalwartness of the 0.5~1.0cm band bud bud piece root without damage by disease and insect, honeysuckle in the ranks and between strain by 5~7cm distance mutual pendulum kind triangular in shape, apart from dead beat kind in honeysuckle radius 15cm, be convenient to the management of honeysuckle, every mu with planting about 3000 piece roots.
By poly-(6), (7) of step, (8), (9), (10), paris polyphylla is managed the results paris polyphylla.Because honeysuckle can produce flower continuously about 20 years, paris polyphylla can be planted 4 rounds continuously, and honeysuckle and paris polyphylla interplanting effect are seen Fig. 3.
Performance analysis:
(1) paris polyphylla is once taken in: receive bright paris polyphylla 300kg for every mu, and approximately 3000 of band bud bud piece roots, the price of bright paris polyphylla is 45 yuan, 13500 yuan of incomes from sales, Second Year does not need group training seedling.Contrast exposed cultivation, every mu of bright paris polyphylla 400kg of results, 18000 yuan of incomes from sales.
(2) honeysuckle income: every mu of results fresh honeysuckle 300kg is batch sale because fresh honeysuckle divides, and closes 25 yuan/kg of average price, takes in 7500 yuan.
The income of four paris polyphyllas of plantation is 54000 yuan in 21 years, and the honeysuckle income is 150000 yuan, and two add up to every two mu 408000 yuan of incomes; And separately plantation, the income of four paris polyphyllas of one mu of plantation is 72000 yuan, and one mu of honeysuckle income is 150000 yuan, and two add up to every two mu 222000 yuan of incomes.
(3) recruitment is saved: two kinds of medicinal materials are from save more than 90 days than the recruitment sum of the independent plantation of two kinds of medicinal materials to all recruitments of gathering in the crops wholely, and main saving of labor's link is: intertill and clean tillage was economized 50 days, and rich water quality management was economized 30 days, and the extermination of disease and insect pest is saved 10 days.Per diem labor cost is 80 yuan, saves 7200 yuan of wages.

Claims (4)

1. the efficient cover cultivating method of a paris polyphylla and honeysuckle, step comprises:
(1) selection of soil: moistening fertile, preserve moisture and fertility power is strong, quality is loose, substantially be neutral sand loam or garden mould, front stubble is gramineous plants and crucifer, front stubble can not be plant of Solanaceae;
(2) wholely: first plough deeply 150cm a year winter, 150m opens the railway carriage or compartment, and the surface is whole carefully rakes;
(3) selection of interplanting paris polyphylla medicinal material kind: tree-like honeysuckle height is at 50 ~ 100 cm, and the rate of sheltering from heat or light is at 70 ~ 90 %, basic same period of vegetative period and paris polyphylla or be longer than the paris polyphylla honeysuckle kind in vegetative period;
(4) plantation of traditional Chinese medicine honeysuckle: 90 % kinds according to this honeysuckle plant field planting amount are planted, spacing in the rows is consistent with field production, line-spacing is than wide 10 % of field production, to ensure that the paris polyphylla growth is to the requirement of sunlight, succeeding planting, sowing season carry the previous year than paris polyphylla planting season;
(5) method of transplanting seedlings of paris polyphylla: when the honeysuckle growing height reaches the 50cm left and right, apply the cake fertilizer of crossing through composting, cake fertilizer is cake-shaped rape seed dregs: tea oil residule 3:1 or 2:1, admix the pre-insect-pest of the withered energy of tea, mix the farmyard manure farmyard manure for through composting or burnt, to kill weed seed, worm's ovum and germ, every mu applies 1000 ~ 2000 kg, wherein contain cake fertilizer 150 ~ 200 kg that became thoroughly decomposed, slowly water permeable, in the ranks and open the dark flat ditch of 5 cm between strain, the choosing height is trained seedling in the stalwartness of 0.5 ~ 1.0 cm without the group of damage by disease and insect, honeysuckle in the ranks and between strain by 5 ~ 7 cm distance mutual transplantings triangular in shape, apart from not transplanting seedlings in honeysuckle radius 15 cm, be convenient to the management of honeysuckle, every mu with about seedling 3000 strains,
(6) weeding and fertilising: the management of joining gold honeysuckle flower and paris polyphylla, see that grass just pulls out, the interval certain hour is used the required fertilizer of medicinal material;
(7) extermination of disease and insect pest: the extermination of disease and insect pest of joining gold honeysuckle flower suitably sprays the agricultural chemicals of low toxicity, low-residual, if find that the paris polyphylla virus disease occurs, and, perhaps extracts diseased plant with 5% octicin solution aqua in sick cave; If find that chafer endangers with 800 ~ 1000 times of liquid of 90 % crystallization chlorophos, spray in every 5 ~ 7 days 1 time connects and sprays 2 ~ 3 times;
(8) rich water quality management: every mu applies 1:3 people and animals liquid dung 1000 ~ 1500kg, and every minor tick is about 30 days, and enter rainy season May, want timely ditch cleaning draining, as prolonged drought, should in time water, the place that condition is good pours into water encloses in ditch, permeable 1 evening, from the evening 6 to point on next day 8, after water is discharged, the depth of water is with lower than railway carriage or compartment face 5 cm, during fertilising, honeysuckle is applied fertilizer together, operate easylier, reduce recruitment;
(9) management in paris polyphylla vegetative period next year: late March ~ early April, paris polyphylla emerges again, Miao Qihou, and every mu applies 1:3 people and animals liquid dung 1000 kg, and every minor tick was removed weeds about 30 days;
(10) management in inferior Flos Lonicerae vegetative period: namely chase after after annual first batch of flower gathered and spray 1 % potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 1 % urea 200 kg, every minor tick is about 10 days;
(11) paris polyphylla is gathered in the crops: the paris polyphylla through cultivation in about 5 years is gathered in, and falls October after seedling, excavates when stem is withered on the ground, downcuts the piece root that the bud bud is arranged and is used as to plant, and remainder is cleaned earth, removes fibrous root, and section is dried or dried and is used as medicine;
(12) results of honeysuckle: in time gather in the crops, sell the season according to the honeysuckle results;
(13) implantation methods again of paris polyphylla: carry out whole ground by the step poly-(2), apply the cake fertilizer of crossing through composting, cake fertilizer is cake-shaped rape seed dregs: tea oil residule 3:1 or 2:1, admix the pre-insect-pest of the withered energy of tea, mix farmyard manure, farmyard manure is through composting or burnt, to kill weed seed, worm's ovum and germ, every mu applies 1000 ~ 2000 kg, wherein contain cake fertilizer 150 ~ 200 kg that became thoroughly decomposed, slowly water permeable, in the ranks and open the dark flat ditch of 5 cm between strain, choosing height is at the stalwartness of 0.5 ~ 1.0 cm band bud bud piece root without damage by disease and insect, honeysuckle in the ranks and between strain by 5 ~ 7 cm distance mutual pendulum kinds triangular in shape, apart from dead beat kind in honeysuckle radius 15 cm, be convenient to the management of honeysuckle, every mu with planting about 3000 piece roots,
(14) by poly-(6), (7) of step, (8), (9), (11), paris polyphylla is managed the results paris polyphylla.
2. the method for claim 1, interplant the high paris polyphylla of height 50 ~ 100 cm.
3. the method for claim 2, wherein in step (2) the honeysuckle planting density be this honeysuckle plant separately 90%.
4. the method for claim 3, wherein in step (3), paris polyphylla is transplanted seedlings not in lines, and directly the cm distance is triangular in shape transplants seedlings alternately by 5 ~ 7, the increase planting density.
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